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{{About|the capital of Hungary}}{{Distinguish|Bucharest}}{{pp-move-indef}}{{short description|Capital of Hungary}}{{Use dmy dates|date=February 2015}}{{EngvarB|date=November 2016}}

| coor_pinpoint = | coordinates_footnotes = List of sovereign states>CountryHungary}}List of regions of Hungary>Region| subdivision_name2 = Central HungarySubregions of Hungary>SubregionList of districts in Budapest>23 DistrictsDistrict I, Budapest>I., VárkerületRózsadomb>II., Rózsadomb| p3 = III., Óbuda-BékásmegyerÚjpest>IV., ÚjpestDistrict V, Budapest>V., Belváros-LipótvárosTerézváros>VI., TerézvárosErzsébetváros>VII., ErzsébetvárosJózsefváros>VIII., JózsefvárosFerencváros>IX., FerencvárosKőbánya>X., KőbányaÚjbuda>XI., ÚjbudaHegyvidék>XII., HegyvidékAngyalföld>XIII., AngyalföldZugló>XIV., ZuglóRákospalota>XV., Rákospalota, Pestújhely, ÚjpalotaSashalom>XVI., SashalomRákoskeresztúr>XVII., RákosmentePestszentlőrinc>XVIII., Pestszentlőrinc-PestszentimreKispest>XIX., KispestPesterzsébet>XX., PesterzsébetCsepel>XXI., CsepelBudafok>XXII., Budafok-TéténySoroksár>XXIII., SoroksárBuda, Pest, Hungary>Pest and Óbuda| established_date = 17 November 1873DATE=11 SEPTEMBER 2014, 11 September 2014, | government_type = Mayor – Council| governing_body = General Assembly of BudapestMayor of Budapest>Mayor| leader_name = Gergely Karácsony | unit_pref = MetricWORK=ENCYCLOPæDIA BRITANNICA ACCESSDATE=11 SEPTEMBER 2014, | area_total_km2 = 525.2| area_urban_km2 = 2538| area_metro_km2 = 7626 URL-STATUS=DEADTITLE=BEST VIEW IN BUDAPEST FROM THE CITY'S HIGHEST HILLTOPDATE=11 SEPTEMBER 2014, 11 September 2014, Danube) 96 m Highest (Belvedere Tower in the Buda Hills>János hill) 527| elevation_ft = 315 to 1,729DATE= PUBLISHER=EUROMONITOR INTERNATIONALACCESSDATE=8 MAY 2014, PUBLISHER=HUNGARIAN CENTRAL STATISTICAL OFFICEACCESSDATE=12 APRIL 2016, List of cities and towns in Hungary>1st (10th in EU)PUBLISHER=EUROSTATACCESSDATE=16 AUGUST 2019, | population_metro = 3,303,786| population_as_of = 2017| population_density_km2 = 3388| population_demonyms = Budapester, budapesti (Hungarian)Human Development Index>HDI (2017)|blank3_info = 0.89weblink – very highCentral European Time>CET| utc_offset1 = +1Central European Summer Time>CEST| utc_offset1_DST = +2Postal codes in Hungary>Postal code(s)| postal_code = 1011–1239Telephone numbers in Hungary>Area code| area_code = 1| iso_code = HU-BUNomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics>NUTS code| blank_info_sec1 = HU101weblinkweblink|Government Official}}| footnotes =

child yes
|Official_name = Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue
|Year = 1987
|Extension = 2002
|ID = 400
|Criteria = Cultural: ii, iv
|Area = 473.3 ha
|Buffer_zone = 493.8 ha
}}Budapest ({{IPAc-en|ˈ|b|uː|d|É™|p|É›|s|t}}, {{IPA-hu|ˈbudÉ’pɛʃt}}) is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and the tenth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits.NEWS, Beauty and the Feast, Time (magazine), Time,weblink 18 March 2002, Helena, Bachmann, 22 May 2008, BOOK,weblink Tuna, TaÅŸan-Kok, Budapest, Istanbul and Warsaw: Institutional and spatial change, 41, Eburon Uitgeverij, 2004, 978-90-5972-041-1, 21 May 2013, BOOK, Cities as Engines of Sustainable Competitiveness: European Urban Policy in Practice,weblink Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 28 May 2014, 978-1-4724-2704-5, Dr Jan van der, Meer, Dr Luis, Carvalho, Professor Leo van den, Berg, The city has an estimated population of 1,752,286 over a land area of about {{convert|525|km2|abbr=off}}. Budapest is both a city and county, and forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area, which has an area of {{convert|7,626|km2|abbr=off}} and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33% of the population of Hungary.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink 14 October 2008, About Budapest Transport Association, dead, June 1, 2016, dmy-all, WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink 14 October 2008, About Budapest Transport Association, dead, June 1, 2016, WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink 25 November 2006, telep lista, dead, June 1, 2016, dmy-all, WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink 25 November 2006, telep lista, dead, June 1, 2016, The history of Budapest began when an early Celtic settlement transformed into the Roman town of Aquincum,BOOK, Sugar, Peter F., Péter Hanák, Tibor Frank, Tibor Frank, A History of Hungary,weblink 19 May 2008, 1990, Indiana University Press, 0-253-20867-X, 3, Hungary before the Hungarian Conquest, the capital of Lower Pannonia.ENCYCLOPEDIA, Encyclopædia Britannica, Aquincum,weblink 2008, Encyclopædia Britannica, 2016-03-16, The Hungarians arrived in the territory in the late 9th century.WEB, Budapest, Travel Channel,weblink 22 May 2008, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 9 October 2008, dmy-all, The area was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241.EB1911, Budapest, 4, 734–737, Buda, the settlements on the west bank of the river, became one of the centres of Renaissance humanist culture by the 15th century.ENCYCLOPEDIA, Drake, Miriam A., Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, Eastern Europe, England and Spain,weblink 22 May 2008, 2003, CRC Press, 0-8247-2080-6, 2498, BOOK, Casmir, Fred L., Communication in Eastern Europe: The Role of History, Culture, and media in contemporary conflicts,weblink 21 May 2008, 1995, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 0-8058-1625-9, 122, Hungarian culture in communication, BOOK, Medieval Buda in Context, Nagy, Balázs, Rady, Martyn, Szende, Katalin, Vadas, András, Brill, 2016, 9789004307674, Leiden, Boston, 1030542604, The Battle of Mohács, in 1526, was followed by nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule.Molnar, A Concise History of Hungary, Chronology pp. 15 After the reconquest of Buda in 1686, the region entered a new age of prosperity. Pest-Buda became a global city with the unification of Buda, Óbuda, and Pest on 17 November 1873, with the name 'Budapest' given to the new capital.ENCYCLOPEDIA, Török, András, Encarta, Budapest,weblink 6 April 2008,weblink" title="">weblink 29 October 2009, dead, dmy, Molnar, A Concise History of Hungary, Chronology pp. 15. Budapest also became the co-capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire,Alexander Watson, Ring of Steel: Germany and Austria-Hungary at War, 1914–1918 (2014). pp 536–40.: In the capital cities of Vienna and Budapest, the leftist and liberal movements and opposition parties strengthened and supported the separatism of ethnic minorities. a great power that dissolved in 1918, following World War I. The city was the focal point of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the Battle of Budapest in 1945, and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.UN General Assembly Special Committee on the Problem of Hungary (1957) WEB,weblink Chapter II.C, para 58 (p. 20),  {{small|(1.47 MB)}}BOOK, Budapest 1900: A Historical Portrait of a City and Its Culture, John Lukacs, Grove Press, 1994, 222, 978-0-8021-3250-5, Budapest is an Alpha − global city with strengths in commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment.WEB,weblink Hungary: Emerging Economic Power In Central And Eastern Europe, Thomas White International, 18 June 2017,weblink 10 October 2017, dead, WEB,weblink Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Research Network, Loughborough University, 24 April 2017,, 24 May 2017, It is Hungary's financial centreWEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, 2017-06-11, The Global Financial Centres Index 21, March 2017, Long Finance, and was ranked as the second fastest-developing urban economy in Europe.WEB,weblink Budapest Europe's Second Fastest-Developing Urban Economy, Study Reveals – The study examines the development of the world's 300 largest urban economies, ranking them according to the pace of development., 23 January 2015, Brookings Institution, 8 March 2016, Budapest is the headquarters of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology,NEWS, EU nations pick Budapest for technology institute,weblink Sydney Morning Herald, 18 June 2008, 4 December 2014, the European Police CollegeEuropean Union Document Nos. 2013/0812 (COD), ENFOPOL 395 CODEC 2773 PARLNAT 307 and the first foreign office of the China Investment Promotion Agency.WEB, First Chinese investment base abroad opens in Budapest,weblink Budapesten nyílik az elsÅ‘ kínai befektetési támaszpont külföldön, Heti Világgazdaság, 26 May 2018, Hungarian, Over 40 colleges and universities are located in Budapest, including the Eötvös Loránd University, the Semmelweis University and the Budapest University of Technology and Economics.WEB,weblink Academic Ranking of World Universities 2015, ShanghaiRanking Consultancy, August 27, 2015, WEB,weblink CWUR 2015 – World University Rankings, Center for World University Rankings, July 25, 2015, Opened in 1896,Electric Railway Society (2003).weblink Doppler Press. p. 61. Retrieved 29 August 2012. the city's subway system, the Budapest Metro, serves 1.27 million, while the Budapest Tram Network serves 1.08 million passengers daily.WEB, Mátyás Jangel,weblink Közszolgáltatási szerzÅ‘dés, utasjogok, a szolgáltatástervezés és ellenÅ‘rzés folyamata a kötöttpályás helyi- és elÅ‘városi közforgalmú közlekedésben, BKV Zrt. Közlekedési Igazgatóság [Directorate of Public Office. Transport], Hungarian, Public service contract, passenger rights, service planning and monitoring process of local and suburban public transport rail, pdf, 10 (and 3), September 2010, 2015-04-19, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 28 January 2015, dmy-all, Metro usage per day – Line 1: 120,000; Line 2: 405,000; Line 3: 630,000. (Line 4 began operations in 2014, with a 110,000 ridership estimated by Centre for Budapest Transport (BKK) based on the latest year.)Among Budapest's important museums and cultural institutions is the Museum of Fine Arts. Further famous cultural institutions are the Hungarian National Museum, House of Terror, Franz Liszt Academy of Music, Hungarian State Opera House and National Széchényi Library. The central area of the city along the Danube River is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has several notable monuments, including the Hungarian Parliament, Buda Castle, Fisherman's Bastion, Gresham Palace, Széchenyi Chain Bridge, Matthias Church and the Liberty Statue.WEB, World Heritage Committee Inscribes 9 New Sites on the World Heritage List, Unesco World Heritage Centre,weblink 31 January 2008, Other famous landmarks include Andrássy Avenue, St. Stephen's Basilica, Heroes' Square, the Great Market Hall, the Nyugati Railway Station built by the Eiffel Company of Paris in 1877 and the second-oldest metro line in the world, the Millennium Underground Railway.WEB, Nomination of the banks of the Danube and the district of the Buda Castle, International Council on Monuments and Sites,weblink 31 January 2008, The city also has around 80 geothermal springs,WEB,weblink Hungary's, Budapest's and Balaton's Guide: Budapest's spas: Gellért, Király, Rác, Ru..'l'; l;lldas, Széchenyi, Lukács,, 7 July 2009, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 28 September 2008, the largest thermal water cave system,WEB,weblink Big underground thermal lake unveiled in Budapest, Hungary,, 19 November 2008, 7 July 2009, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 27 November 2009, second largest synagogue, and third largest Parliament building in the world.WEB,weblink The Parliament of Hungary is the world's third largest Parliament building,, 25 June 2017, Budapest attracts 4.4 million international tourists per year, making it a popular destination in Europe.WEB, Euromonitor International's top city destinations ranking, Euromonitor,weblink 10 February 2016,

Etymology and pronunciation

The previously separate towns of Buda, Óbuda, and Pest were in 1873 officially unifiedBOOK, Peter, Meusburger, Heike, Jöns, Transformations in Hungary: Essays in Economy and Society, Springer Verlag, 2001,weblink 3-7908-1412-1, 4 December 2014, and given the new name Budapest. Before this, the towns together had sometimes been referred to colloquially as "Pest-Buda".BOOK, Gwen, Jones, Chicago of the Balkans: Budapest in Hungarian Literature 1900–1939,weblink Routledge, 5 July 2017, 9781351572163, Google Books, Bácskai Vera: Széchenyi tervei Pest-Buda felemelésére és szépítésére {{webarchive|url= |date=15 June 2009 }} Pest has also been sometimes used colloquially as a shortened name for Budapest.All varieties of English pronounce the -s- as in the English word pest. The -u in Buda- is pronounced either /u/ like food (as in {{IPAc-en|US|ˈ|b|uː|d|ə|p|ɛ|s|t}}{{citation|last=Wells|first=John C. |year=2008|title=Longman Pronunciation Dictionary|edition=3rd|publisher=Longman|isbn=978-1-4058-8118-0}}) or /ju/ like cue (as in {{IPAc-en|UK|ˌ|b|(|j|)|uː|d|ə|ˈ|p|ɛ|s|t|,_|ˌ|b|ʊ|d|-|,_|ˈ|b|(|j|)|uː|d|ə|p|ɛ|s|t|,_|ˈ|b|ʊ|d|-}}). In Hungarian, the -s- is pronounced /ʃ/ as in wash; in IPA: {{IPA-hu|ˈbudɒpɛʃt|lang|Hu-Budapest.ogg}}.The origin of the names "Buda" and "Pest" is obscure. Buda was
  • probably the name of the first constable of the fortress built on the Castle Hill in the 11th centuryWEB,weblink Budapest {{!, History, Geography, & Points of Interest|website=Encyclopedia Britannica|language=en|access-date=2018-12-10}}
  • or a derivative of Bod or Bud, a personal name of Turkic origin, meaning 'twig'."Dictionary of American Family Names"(Volume A–F), by Patrick Hanks, Oxford University Press, 2003, pages 179, 245.
  • or a Slavic personal name, Buda, the short form of Budimír, Budivoj.BOOK, Kiss, Lajos, Földrajzi nevek etimológiai szótára, Etymological Dictionary of Geographic Names, Budapest, Akadémiai, 1978, 131–132,
Linguistically, however, a German origin through the Slavic derivative вода (voda, water) is not possible, and there is no certainty that a Turkic word really comes from the word buta ~ buda 'branch, twig'.BOOK, Györffy, György, Pest-Buda kialakulása: Budapest története a honfoglalástól az Árpád-kor végi székvárossá alakulásig, The Development of Pest and Buda: History of Budapest from the Great Migration until the End of the Árpád Dynasty, Budapest, Akadémiai, 1997, 62,weblink 978-963-05-7338-2, 10 February 2016, According to a legend recorded in chronicles from the Middle Ages, "Buda" comes from the name of its founder, Bleda, brother of Hunnic ruler Attila.There are several theories about Pest. OneBOOK, Gudmund, Schütte, Ptolemy's Maps of Northern Europe, Royal Danish Geographical Society, Copenhagen, 1917, 101,weblink 10 February 2016, states that the name derives from Roman times, since there was a local fortress (Contra-Aquincum) called by Ptolemaios "Pession" ("Πέσσιον", iii.7.§ 2).Laszlo Gerevich, A pesti es a budai var, Budapest Regisegei 24/1, 1976, p. 47 Another has it that Pest originates in the Slavic word for cave, пещера, or peÅ¡tera. A third cites пещ, or peÅ¡t, referencing a cave where fires burned or a limekiln.BOOK,weblink Placenames of the World, Adrian Room, McFarland, 2006, 70, 978-0-7864-2248-7, 10 February 2016,


Early history

File:Nuremberg chronicles - BVJA.png|left|thumb|upright=2.05|Buda during the Middle Ages, woodcut from the Nuremberg ChronicleNuremberg ChronicleThe first settlement on the territory of Budapest was built by Celts before 1 AD. It was later occupied by the Romans. The Roman settlement – Aquincum – became the main city of Pannonia Inferior in 106 AD. At first it was a military settlement, and gradually the city rose around it, making it the focal point of the city's commercial life. Today this area corresponds to the Óbuda district within Budapest.WEB,weblink Association of professional tour guides, Lovely Budapest, 21 May 2013, The Romans constructed roads, amphitheaters, baths and houses with heated floors in this fortified military camp.BOOK, Sugar, Peter F., A History of Hungary,weblink 3 June 2008, 1990, Indiana University Press, 978-0-253-20867-5, 5, Hungary before the Hungarian Conquest, The Roman city of Aquincum is the best-conserved of the Roman sites in Hungary. The archaeological site was turned into a museum with inside and open-air sections.WEB,weblink Aquincum – Aquincum Múzeum,, The Magyar tribes led by Árpád, forced out of their original homeland north of Bulgaria by Tsar Simeon after the Battle of Southern Buh, settled in the territory at the end of the 9th century displacing the founding Bulgarian settlers of the towns of Buda and Pest,Molnar, A Concise History of Hungary, Chronology pp. 12 and a century later officially founded the Kingdom of Hungary. Research places the probable residence of the Árpáds as an early place of central power near what became Budapest.Molnar, A Concise History of Hungary, p. 14 The Tatar invasion in the 13th century quickly proved it is difficult to defend a plain. King Béla IV of Hungary therefore ordered the construction of reinforced stone walls around the towns and set his own royal palace on the top of the protecting hills of Buda. In 1361 it became the capital of Hungary.The cultural role of Buda was particularly significant during the reign of King Matthias Corvinus. The Italian Renaissance had a great influence on the city. His library, the Bibliotheca Corviniana, was Europe's greatest collection of historical chronicles and philosophic and scientific works in the 15th century, and second in size only to the Vatican Library. After the foundation of the first Hungarian university in Pécs in 1367 (University of Pécs), the second one was established in Óbuda in 1395 (University of Óbuda).BOOK, Sugar, Peter F., A History of Hungary,weblink 3 June 2008, 1990, Indiana University Press, 978-0-253-20867-5, 48, The Angevine State, The first Hungarian book was printed in Buda in 1473.JOURNAL, Mona, Ilona, 1974, Hungarian Music Publication 1774–1867, Studia Musicologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, Akadémiai Kiadó, 16, 1/4, 261–275, 10.2307/901850, 901850, Buda had about 5,000 inhabitants around 1500.Southeastern Europe under Ottoman rule, 1354–1804, Peter F. Sugar, page 88(File:Siege of Buda 1686 Frans Geffels.jpg|thumb|right|Retaking of Buda from the Ottoman Empire, 1686 (17th-century painting))The Ottomans conquered Buda in 1526, as well in 1529, and finally occupied it in 1541.WEB,weblink Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue, UNESCO World Heritage Centre, UNESCO, 12 March 2016, The Turkish Rule lasted for more than 150 years. The Ottoman Turks constructed many prominent bathing facilities within the city. Some of the baths that the Turks erected during their rule are still in use 500 years later (Rudas Baths and Király Baths). By 1547 the number of Christians was down to about a thousand, and by 1647 it had fallen to only about seventy. The unoccupied western part of the country became part of the Habsburg Monarchy as Royal Hungary.In 1686, two years after the unsuccessful siege of Buda, a renewed campaign was started to enter the Hungarian capital. This time, the Holy League's army was twice as large, containing over 74,000 men, including German, Croat, Dutch, Hungarian, English, Spanish, Czech, Italian, French, Burgundian, Danish and Swedish soldiers, along with other Europeans as volunteers, artillerymen, and officers. The Christian forces seized Buda, and in the next few years, all of the former Hungarian lands, except areas near Temesvár (TimiÈ™oara), were taken from the Turks. In the 1699 Treaty of Karlowitz, these territorial changes were officially recognized to show the end of the rule of the Turks, and in 1718 the entire Kingdom of Hungary was removed from Ottoman rule.

Contemporary history after Unification

{{See also|Hungary during World War II}}File:Foldalatti Andrassy.png|thumb|left|Millennium Underground (1894{{ndash}}1896), the second oldest metro in the world (after the Metropolitan line of the London UndergroundLondon UndergroundThe 19th century was dominated by the Hungarian struggle for independence and modernisation. The national insurrection against the Habsburgs began in the Hungarian capital in 1848 and was defeated one and a half years later, with the help of the Russian Empire. 1867 was the year of Reconciliation that brought about the birth of Austria-Hungary. This made Budapest the twin capital of a dual monarchy. It was this compromise which opened the second great phase of development in the history of Budapest, lasting until World War I. In 1849 the Chain Bridge linking Buda with Pest was opened as the first permanent bridge across the DanubeBOOK, Hughes, Holly, Frommer's 500 Places to Take Your Kids Before They Grow Up, Wiley Indianapolis Composition Services, 7 Famous Briges, 978-0-470-57760-8,weblink 13 August 2009, and in 1873 Buda and Pest were officially merged with the third part, Óbuda (Old Buda), thus creating the new metropolis of Budapest. The dynamic Pest grew into the country's administrative, political, economic, trade and cultural hub. Ethnic Hungarians overtook Germans in the second half of the 19th century due to mass migration from the overpopulated rural Transdanubia and Great Hungarian Plain. Between 1851 and 1910 the proportion of Hungarians increased from 35.6% to 85.9%, Hungarian became the dominant language, and German was crowded out. The proportion of Jews peaked in 1900 with 23.6%.Budapest statisztikai évkönyve 1943 (Statistical Yearbook of Budapest, 1943), p. 33, Hungarian Central Statistical OfficeBudapest székes főváros Statisztikai és Közigazgatási Évkönyve 1921–1924 (Statistical Yearbook of Budapest, 1921–1924), p. 38, Hungarian Central Statistical OfficeBudapest statisztikai évkönyve 1944–1946 (Statistical Yearbook of Budapest, 1944–1946), p. 12, Hungarian Central Statistical Office Due to the prosperity and the large Jewish community of the city at the start of the 20th century, Budapest was often called the "Jewish Mecca" or "Judapest".WEB,weblink History of the word (Jewish-Hungarian Cultural Site), Hungarian,, 21 May 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 31 May 2013, WEB, Jüdische Nachrichten,weblink Karl Pfeifer: Jüdisches Budapest (Jewish Budapest), German,, 28 November 2004, 21 May 2013, In 1918, Austria-Hungary lost the war and collapsed; Hungary declared itself an independent republic (Republic of Hungary). In 1920 the Treaty of Trianon partitioned the country, and as a result, Hungary lost over two-thirds of its territory, and about two-thirds of its inhabitants, including 3.3 million out of 15 million ethnic Hungarians.BOOK, Macartney, C.A., Hungary and her successors – The Treaty of Trianon and Its Consequences 1919–1937, Oxford University Press, 1937, NEWS, East on the Danube: Hungary's Tragic Century, The New York Times,weblink 9 August 2003, 15 March 2008, Richard, Bernstein, File:Operahaz 1893.jpg|thumb|right|The Hungarian State Opera House, built in the time of Austria-HungaryAustria-Hungary(File:Ville de Budapest 1911.jpg|thumb|right|Bond of the City of Budapest, issued 1. Mai 1911)(File:Szent István körút a Falk Miksa (Néphadsereg) utca felől a Honvéd utca felé nézve. A szovjet csapatok ideiglenes kivonulása 1956. október 31-én. Fortepan 24787.jpg|thumb|right|Soviet tank in Budapest (1956))In 1944, a year before the end of World War II, Budapest was partly destroyed by British and American air raids (first attack 4 April 1944NEWS, Sydney Morning Herald,weblink RAF raids Budapest – second heavy attack, 5 April 1944, NEWS,weblink RAF Follows US Raid on Budapest, 5 April 1944, Sydney Morning Herald, NEWS,weblink Budapest bombed by RAF, 5 April 1944, Sydney Morning Herald, ).From 24 December 1944 to 13 February 1945, the city was besieged during the Battle of Budapest. Budapest suffered major damage caused by the attacking Soviet and Romanian troops and the defending German and Hungarian troops. More than 38,000 civilians lost their lives during the conflict. All bridges were destroyed by the Germans. The stone lions that have decorated the Chain Bridge since 1852 survived the devastation of the war.WEB, Bridges of Budapest – Chain bridge,weblink Between 20% and 40% of Greater Budapest's 250,000 Jewish inhabitants died through Nazi and Arrow Cross Party, during the German occupation of Hungary, from 1944 to early 1945.WEB, Budapest, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum,weblink 18 July 2007, Swiss diplomat Carl Lutz rescued tens of thousands of Jews by issuing Swiss protection papers and designating numerous buildings, including the now famous Glass House (Üvegház) at Vadász Street 29, to be Swiss protected territory. About 3,000 Hungarian Jews found refuge at the Glass House and in a neighboring building. Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg saved the lives of tens of thousands of Jews in Budapest by giving them Swedish protection papers and taking them under his consular protection.ENCYCLOPEDIA,weblink Raoul Wallenberg, Jewish Virtual Library, 4 December 2014, Wallenberg was abducted by the Russians on 17 January 1945 and never regained freedom. Giorgio Perlasca, an Italian citizen, saved thousands of Hungarian Jews posing as a Spanish diplomat.The Times of Israel, Israeli orchestra honors Italian who saved 5,000 Jews from Nazis, 9 December 2014Interview to Giorgio Perlasca by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 5 September 1990 Some other diplomats also abandoned diplomatic protocol and rescued Jews. There are two monuments for Wallenberg, one for Carl Lutz and one for Giorgio Perlasca in Budapest.Following the liberation of Hungary from Nazi Germany by the Red Army, Soviet military occupation ensued, which ended only in 1991. The Soviets exerted significant influence on Hungarian political affairs. In 1949, Hungary was declared a communist People's Republic (People's Republic of Hungary). The new Communist government considered the buildings like the Buda Castle symbols of the former regime, and during the 1950s the palace was gutted and all the interiors were destroyed (also see Stalin era).On 23 October 1956 citizens held a large peaceful demonstration in Budapest demanding democratic reform. The demonstrators went to the Budapest radio station and demanded to publish their demands. The regime ordered troops to shoot into the crowd. Hungarian soldiers gave rifles to the demonstrators who were now able to capture the building. This initiated the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. The demonstrators demanded to appoint Imre Nagy to be Prime Minister of Hungary. To their surprise, the central committee of the "Hungarian Working People's Party" did so that same evening. This uprising was an anti-Soviet revolt that lasted from 23 October until 11 November. After Nagy had declared that Hungary was to leave the Warsaw Pact and become neutral, Soviet tanks and troops entered the country to crush the revolt. Fighting continued until mid November, leaving more than 3000 dead. A monument was erected at the fiftieth anniversary of the revolt in 2006, at the edge of the City Park. Its shape is a wedge with a 56 angle degree made in rusted iron that gradually becomes shiny, ending in an intersection to symbolize Hungarian forces that temporarily eradicated the Communist leadership.NEWS,weblink Memorial to the 1956 Hungarian Revolution and War of Independence, 6 July 2017, Shapedscape, 6 July 2017,weblink" title="">weblink 29 July 2017, dead, dmy-all, From the 1960s to the late 1980s Hungary was often satirically referred to as "the happiest barrack" within the Eastern bloc, and much of the wartime damage to the city was finally repaired. Work on Erzsébet Bridge, the last to be rebuilt, was finished in 1964. In the early 1970s, Budapest Metro's East-West M2 line was first opened, followed by the M3 line in 1976. In 1987, Buda Castle and the banks of the Danube were included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Andrássy Avenue (including the Millennium Underground Railway, Hősök tere, and Városliget) was added to the UNESCO list in 2002. In the 1980s, the city's population reached 2.1 million. In recent times a significant decrease in population occurred mainly due to a massive movement to the neighbouring agglomeration in Pest county, i.e., suburbanisation.NEWS,weblink Suburbanization and Its Consequences in the Budapest Metropolitan Area, 6 July 2017, Tocqueville Research Center, In the last decades of the 20th century the political changes of 1989–90 (Fall of the Iron Curtain) concealed changes in civil society and along the streets of Budapest. The monuments of the dictatorship were removed from public places, into Memento Park. In the first 20 years of the new democracy, the development of the city was managed by its mayor, Gábor Demszky.NEWS,weblink Former Mayors of Budapest (Budapest korábbi polgármesterei és főpolgármesterei), 6 July 2017, Government of Budapest,



File:Budapest SPOT 1022.jpg|thumb|left|Satellite imagery illustrating the core of the Budapest Metropolitan Area ]]Budapest, strategically placed at the centre of the Carpathian Basin, lies on an ancient route linking the hills of Transdanubia with the Great Plain. By road it is {{convert|216|km}} south-east of Vienna, {{convert|545|km}} south of Warsaw, {{convert|1565|km}} south-west of Moscow, {{convert|1122|km}} north of Athens, {{convert|788|km}} north-east of Milan, and {{convert|443|km}} south-east of Prague.WEB, Budapest,weblink Google Maps, 4 December 2014, The {{convert|525|sqkm|sqmi}} area of Budapest lies in Central Hungary, surrounded by settlements of the agglomeration in Pest county. The capital extends {{convert|25|and|29|km|0|abbr=on}} in the north-south, east-west direction respectively. The Danube enters the city from the north; later it encircles two islands, Óbuda Island and Margaret Island. The third island Csepel Island is the largest of the Budapest Danube islands, however only its northernmost tip is within city limits. The river that separates the two parts of the city is {{convert|230|m|ft|0|abbr=on}} wide at its narrowest point in Budapest. Pest lies on the flat terrain of the Great Plain while Buda is rather hilly.The wide Danube was always fordable at this point because of a small number of islands in the middle of the river. The city has marked topographical contrasts: Buda is built on the higher river terraces and hills of the western side, while the considerably larger Pest spreads out on a flat and featureless sand plain on the river's opposite bank.ENCYCLOPEDIA,weblink Budapest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 21 November 2013, Laszlo, Péter, 4 December 2014, Pest's terrain rises with a slight eastward gradient, so the easternmost parts of the city lie at the same altitude as Buda's smallest hills, notably Gellért Hill and Castle Hill.WEB, General information – Geography,weblink, 6 July 2017, The Buda hills consist mainly of limestone and dolomite, the water created speleothems, the most famous ones being the Pálvölgyi cave (total length {{convert|7,200|m|ft|disp=or|abbr=on}}) and the Szemlőhegyi cave (total length {{convert|2,200|m|ft|disp=or|abbr=on}}). The hills were formed in the Triassic Period. The highest point of the hills and of Budapest is János hill, at {{convert|527|m|abbr=off}} above sea level. The lowest point is the line of the Danube which is {{convert|96|m|abbr=off}} above sea level. Budapest is also rich in green areas. Of the {{convert|525|km2|sqmi|abbr=off}} occupied by the city, {{convert|83|km2|sqmi|abbr=off}} is green area, park and forest.WEB,weblink Geography of Budapest, Budapest Tourist Info, 4 December 2014, The forests of Buda hills are environmentally protected.WEB, Protected Landscape Area of Buda,weblink Duna-Ipoly National Park Directorate, 6 July 2017, The city's importance in terms of traffic is very central, because many major European roads and European railway lines lead to Budapest. The Danube was and is still an important water-way and this region in the centre of the Carpathian Basin lies at the cross-roads of trade routes.WEB, Geography of Budapest,weblink 4 December 2014, Budapest Pocket Guide, Budapest is one of only three capital cities in the world which has thermal springs (the other being Reykjavík in Iceland and Sofia in Bulgaria). Some 125 springs produce {{convert|70|e6l|abbr=off}} of thermal water a day, with temperatures ranging up to 58 Celsius. Some of these waters have medicinal effects due to their medically valuable mineral contents.


Budapest has a humid subtropical climate, also known as a mild temperate climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), bordering on both the warm-summer and hot-summer versions of the humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfa, Dfb) if the 0 degrees Celsius isotherm is applied. The recent shift to a mild temperate climate from a humid continental climate reflects global warming. The city has relatively cold winters and warm or very warm summers. Spring and autumn are generally mild.Winter (November until early March) can be cold and the city receives little sunshine. Snowfall is fairly frequent in most years, and nighttime temperatures of {{convert|-10|C|F|}} are not uncommon between mid-December and mid-February. The spring months (March and April) see variable conditions, with a rapid increase in the average temperature. The weather in late March and in April is often very agreeable during the day and fresh at night. Budapest's long summer – lasting from May until mid-September – is warm or very warm. Sudden heavy showers also occur, particularly in May and June. The autumn in Budapest (mid-September until late October) is characterised by little rain and long sunny days with moderate temperatures. Temperatures often turn abruptly colder in late October or early November.Mean annual precipitation in Budapest is around {{convert|23.5|in|1|abbr=out}}. On average, there are 84 days with precipitation and 1988 hours of sunshine (of a possible 4383) each year.WEB, Climate Budapest – Hungary,weblink, 4 December 2014, WEB, Sunshine & Daylight Hours in Budapest, Hungary,weblink, 4 December 2014, From March to October, average sunshine totals are roughly equal to those seen in northern Italy (Venice).The city lies on the boundary between Zone 6 and Zone 7 in terms of the hardiness zone.WEB,weblink Hardiness zone – – Plant Encyclopedia and Gardening wiki,, 13 October 2012, WEB,weblink Europa Hardiness zone map,, 13 October 2012, {{Clear}}{{Weather box|width = auto|location = Budapest, 1971–2010|metric first = yes|single line = yes|Jan record high C = 18.1|Feb record high C = 19.7|Mar record high C = 25.4|Apr record high C = 30.2|May record high C = 34.0|Jun record high C = 39.5|Jul record high C = 40.7|Aug record high C = 39.4|Sep record high C = 35.2|Oct record high C = 30.8|Nov record high C = 22.6|Dec record high C = 19.3|year record high C = 40.7|Jan high C = 2.9|Feb high C = 5.5|Mar high C = 10.6|Apr high C = 16.4|May high C = 21.9|Jun high C = 24.6|Jul high C = 26.7|Aug high C = 26.6|Sep high C = 21.6|Oct high C = 15.4|Nov high C = 7.7|Dec high C = 4.0|year high C = 15.3|Jan mean C = 0.4|Feb mean C = 2.3|Mar mean C = 6.1|Apr mean C = 12.0|May mean C = 16.6|Jun mean C = 19.7|Jul mean C = 22.3|Aug mean C = 21.2|Sep mean C = 16.9|Oct mean C = 11.8|Nov mean C = 5.4|Dec mean C = 1.8|year mean C = 11.3|Jan low C = -1.6|Feb low C = 0.0|Mar low C = 3.5|Apr low C = 7.6|May low C = 12.1|Jun low C = 15.1|Jul low C = 16.8|Aug low C = 16.5|Sep low C = 12.8|Oct low C = 7.9|Nov low C = 2.9|Dec low C = 0.0|year low C = 7.8|Jan record low C = -25.6|Feb record low C = -23.4|Mar record low C = -15.1|Apr record low C = -4.6|May record low C = -1.6|Jun record low C = 3.0|Jul record low C = 5.9|Aug record low C = 5.0|Sep record low C = -3.1|Oct record low C = -9.5|Nov record low C = -16.4|Dec record low C = -20.8|year record low C = -25.6|Jan precipitation mm = 37|Feb precipitation mm = 29|Mar precipitation mm = 30|Apr precipitation mm = 42|May precipitation mm = 62|Jun precipitation mm = 63|Jul precipitation mm = 45|Aug precipitation mm = 49|Sep precipitation mm = 40|Oct precipitation mm = 39|Nov precipitation mm = 53|Dec precipitation mm = 43|year precipitation mm = 532|Jan precipitation days = 7.3|Feb precipitation days = 6.1|Mar precipitation days = 6.4|Apr precipitation days = 6.6|May precipitation days = 8.6|Jun precipitation days = 8.7|Jul precipitation days = 7.2|Aug precipitation days = 6.9|Sep precipitation days = 5.9|Oct precipitation days = 5.3|Nov precipitation days = 7.8|Dec precipitation days = 7.2|Jan sun = 62|Feb sun = 93|Mar sun = 137|Apr sun = 177|May sun = 234|Jun sun = 250|Jul sun = 271|Aug sun = 255|Sep sun = 187|Oct sun = 141|Nov sun = 69|Dec sun = 52|year sun = 1988|Jan humidity = 79|Feb humidity = 74|Mar humidity = 66|Apr humidity = 59|May humidity = 61|Jun humidity = 61|Jul humidity = 59|Aug humidity = 61|Sep humidity = 67|Oct humidity = 72|Nov humidity = 78|Dec humidity = 80|year humidity = 68.1| Jan uv =1| Feb uv =2| Mar uv =3| Apr uv =5| May uv =6| Jun uv =7| Jul uv =7| Aug uv =6| Sep uv =4| Oct uv =3| Nov uv =1| Dec uv =1URL=HTTPS://MET.HU/EGHAJLAT/MAGYARORSZAG_EGHAJLATA/VAROSOK_JELLEMZOI/BUDAPEST/, and Weather AtlasHTTPS://WWW.WEATHER-ATLAS.COM/EN/HUNGARY/BUDAPEST-CLIMATE>TITLE=BUDAPEST, HUNGARY – DETAILED CLIMATE INFORMATION AND MONTHLY WEATHER FORECASTFIRST=YU MEDIA GROUPLANGUAGE=EN, 2019-07-03, }}


{{See also|Category:Buildings and structures in Budapest}}{{multiple image|align = right|perrow = 2|total_width=380width1=600|height1=400width2=550|height2=360width3=600|height3=400width4=550|height4=350width5=600|height5=400width6=550|height6=350Aquincum; Romanesque 12th century Gercse Parish Church; The Buda Castle; Kós Károly Square in the Wekerletelep; Ottoman Tomb of Gül Baba; Gothic Church of Mary Magdalene, Budapest>Mary Magdalene Church}}Budapest has architecturally noteworthy buildings in a wide range of styles and from distinct time periods, from the ancient times as Roman City of Aquincum in Óbuda (District III), which dates to around 89 AD, to the most modern Palace of Arts, the contemporary arts museum and concert hall.WEB,weblink Budapest Architecture,, 2013, 5 May 2014, WEB,weblink The Incredible Architecture of Budapest,, 2013, 5 May 2014, WEB,weblink Exceptional Buildings Budapest,, 2014, 5 May 2014, Most buildings in Budapest are relatively low: in the early 2010s there were around 100 buildings higher than {{convert|45|m}}. The number of high-rise buildings is kept low by building legislation, which is aimed at preserving the historic cityscape and to meet the requirements of the World Heritage Site. Strong rules apply to the planning, authorisation and construction of high-rise buildings and consequently much of the inner city does not have any. Some planners would like see an easing of the rules for the construction of skyscrapers, and the possibility of building skyscrapers outside the city's historic core has been raised.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, 16 October 2007, The high-rise buildings as emblematique element of luxury district, 13th District of Budapest, Prestigecity, 5 May 2014, WEB,weblink The coming of skyscrapers?,, 17 December 2006, 5 May 2014, In the chronological order of architectural styles Budapest represents on the entire timeline. Start with the Roman City of Aquincum represents the ancient architecture.The next determinative style is the Gothic architecture in Budapest. The few remaining Gothic buildings can be found in the Castle District. Buildings of note are no. 18, 20 and 22 on Országház Street, which date back to the 14th century and No. 31 Úri Street, which has a Gothic façade that dates back to the 15th century. Another buildings with Gothic remains is the Inner City Parish Church, built in the 12th century,WEB,weblink The oldest church in Pest,, 2011, 5 May 2014, and the Mary Magdalene Church, completed in the 15th century.WEB,weblink Kapisztrán tér - Parish Church of Saint Maria Magdalene, Magdalene Tower, András Végh, Hungarian Academy of Sciences-BTM website, The most characteristic Gothic-style buildings are actually Neo-Gothic, like the most well-known Budapest landmarks, the Hungarian Parliament BuildingBOOK, Rick, Steves, Cameron, Hewitt, Rick Steves' Budapest, 2009, Avalon Travel Publishing, 978-1-59880-217-7, registration,weblink and the Matthias Church, where much of the original material was used (originally built in Romanesque style in 1015).WEB,weblink Matthias Church Budapest Castle-Church of Our Lady Buda, Tickets, Concerts,, The next chapter in the history of human architecture is Renaissance architecture. One of the earliest places to be influenced by the Renaissance style of architecture was Hungary, and Budapest in particular. The style appeared following the marriage of King Matthias Corvinus and Beatrice of Naples in 1476. Many Italian artists, craftsmen and masons came to Buda with the new queen. Today, many of the original renaissance buildings disappeared during the varied history of Buda, but Budapest is still rich in renaissance and neo-renaissance buildings, like the famous Hungarian State Opera House, St. Stephen's Basilica and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.WEB,weblink The Basilica of Saint Stephen,, File:SzentAnnaFotoThalerTamas34.JPG|thumb|350px|From left: Saint Anne Parish, Matthias Church, Fisherman's Bastion and Stigmatisation of Saint Francis Church ]]During the Turkish occupation (1541–1686), Islamic culture flourished in Budapest; multiple mosques and baths were built in the city. These were great examples of Ottoman architecture, which was influenced by Muslims from around the world including Turkish, Iranian, Arabian and to a larger extent, Byzantine architecture as well as Islamic traditions. After the Holy League conquered Budapest, they replaced most of the mosques with churches and minarets were turned into bell towers and cathedral spires. At one point the distinct sloping central square in Budapest became a bustling Oriental bazaar, which was filled with "the chatter of camel caravans on their way to Yemen and India".NEWS,weblink Glimpsing Hungary's Ottoman Past, Times, Celestine Bohlen; Celestine Bohlen Is Chief Of The Budapest Bureau Of The New York, 1991-03-10, The New York Times, 0362-4331, 2016-11-09, Budapest is in fact one of the few places in the world with functioning original Turkish bathhouses dating back to the 16th century, like Rudas Baths or Király Baths. Budapest is home to the northernmost place where the tomb of influential Islamic Turkish Sufi Dervish, Gül Baba is found. Various cultures converged in Hungary seemed to coalesce well with each other, as if all these different cultures and architecture styles are digested into Hungary's own way of cultural blend. A precedent to show the city's self-conscious is the top section of the city's main square, currently named as Szechenyi. When Turks came to the city, they built mosques here which was aggressively replaced with Gothic church of St. Bertalan. The rationale of reusing the base of the former Islamic building mosque and reconstruction into Gothic Church but Islamic style architecture over it is typically Islamic are still visible. An official term for the rationale is spolia. The mosque was called the djami of Pasha Gazi Kassim, and djami means mosque in Arabic. After Turks and Muslims were expelled and massacred from Budapest, the site was reoccupied by Christians and reformed into a church, the Inner City Parish Church (Budapest). The minaret and Turkish entranceway were removed. The shape of the architecture is its only hint of exotic past—"two surviving prayer niches facing Mecca and an ecumenical symbol atop its cupola: a cross rising above the Turkish crescent moon".File:Budapest Hungary 08.jpg|thumb|right|232px|The most famous Budapest bridge, the Chain Bridge, the icon of the city's 19th century development, built in 1849]]After 1686, the Baroque architecture designated the dominant style of art in catholic countries from the 17th century to the 18th century.WEB,weblink Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue – UNESCO World Heritage Centre, UNESCO, 16 April 2012, There are many Baroque-style buildings in Budapest and one of the finest examples of preserved Baroque-style architecture is the Church of St. Anna in Batthyhány square. An interesting part of Budapest is the less touristy Óbuda, the main square of which also has some beautiful preserved historic buildings with Baroque façades. The Castle District is another place to visit where the best-known landmark Buda Royal Palace and many other buildings were built in the Baroque style.The Classical architecture and Neoclassical architecture are the next in the timeline. Budapest had not one but two architects that were masters of the Classicist style. Mihály Pollack (1773–1855) and József Hild (1789–1867), built many beautiful Classicist-style buildings in the city. Some of the best examples are the Hungarian National Museum, the Lutheran Church of Budavár (both designed by Pollack) and the seat of the Hungarian president, the Sándor Palace. The most iconic and widely known Classicist-style attraction in Budapest is the Széchenyi Chain Bridge.{{Structurae|id=20000455|title=Széchenyi Chain Bridge}} Budapest's two most beautiful Romantic architecture buildings are the Great Synagogue in Dohány Street and the Vigadó Concert Hall on the Danube Promenade, both designed by architect Frigyes Feszl (1821–1884). Another noteworthy structure is the Budapest Western Railway Station, which was designed by August de Serres and built by the Eiffel Company of Paris in 1877.WEB,weblink Nyugati Railway Station – WeLoveBudapest EN,, File:HUN-2015-Budapest-Hungarian Parliament (Budapest) 2015-01 crop.jpg|thumb|left|upright=1.25|The Hungarian Parliament, completed in 1904]]Art Nouveau came into fashion in Budapest by the exhibitions which were held in and around 1896 and organised in connection with the Hungarian Millennium celebrations.WEB,weblink Budapest Tour: Early Art Nouveau 1897–1904,, 2011, 5 May 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 29 May 2014, Art Nouveau in Hungary (Szecesszió in Hungarian) is a blend of several architectural styles, with a focus on Hungary's specialities. One of the leading Art Nouveau architects, Ödön Lechner (1845–1914), was inspired by Indian and Syrian architecture as well as traditional Hungarian decorative designs. One of his most beautiful buildings in Budapest is the Museum of Applied Arts. Another examples for Art Nouveau in Budapest is the Gresham Palace in front of the Chain Bridge, the Hotel Gellért, the Franz Liszt Academy of Music or Budapest Zoo and Botanical Garden.The second half of the 20th century also saw, under the communist regime, the construction of blocks of flats (panelház), as in other Eastern European countries. In the 21st century, Budapest faces new challenges in its architecture. The pressure towards the high-rise buildings is unequivocal among today's world cities, but preserving Budapest's unique cityscape and its very diverse architecture, along with green areas, is force Budapest to balance between them. The Contemporary architecture has wide margin in the city. Public spaces attract heavy investment by business and government also, so that the city has gained entirely new (or renovated and redesigned) squares, parks and monuments, for example the city central Kossuth Lajos square, Deák Ferenc square and Liberty Square. Budapest's current urban landscape is one of the modern and contemporary architecture. Numerous landmarks are created in the last decade in Budapest, like the National Theatre, Palace of Arts, Rákóczi Bridge, Megyeri Bridge, Budapest Airport Sky Court among others, and millions of square meters of new office buildings and apartments. But there are still large opportunities in real estate development in the city.WEB,weblink Budapest High Street Overview 2013, Jones Lang LaSalle, October 2013, 5 May 2014, {{dead link|date=May 2016|bot=medic}}{{cbignore|bot=medic}}WEB,weblink Emerging Trends in Real Estate, 2013 Europe, PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2013, 5 May 2014, WEB,weblink Bulls return to the European commercial real estate market (Budapest), CBRE Group, 24 March 2014, 5 May 2014,


{|class="wikitable" style="float:right; text-align:right; font-size:85%; margin:1em;"{{center|Budapest's twenty-three districts overview}} style="text-align:center; background:#dedebb;"Administration|PopulationArea and Density style="background:#efefcc;"Districtstyle="text-align:center;"Official name>Official 2013style="text-align:center;"Km2>People/km2I>Várkerület>|7.233II>2nd District of Budapest>Rózsadomb88.01136,342.426III>Óbuda-Békásmegyer>|3.117IV>Újpest>|5.227V>Belváros-Lipótváros>|10.534VI>Terézváros>|18.226VII>Erzsébetváros>|30.989VIII>Józsefváros>|11.890IX>Ferencváros>|4.859X>Kőbánya>|2.414XI>Újbuda>145.510>|4.313XII>Hegyvidék>|2.109XIII>13th District of Budapest>Angyalföld118.32013,448.804XIV>Zugló>|6.820XV>15th District of Budapest>Rákospalota, Pestújhely, Újpalota79.77926,952.988XVI>16th district of Budapest>Árpádföld, Cinkota, Mátyásföld, Sashalom, Rákosszentmihály|2.037XVII>Rákosmente>54,83>|1.418XVIII>Pestszentlőrinc-Pestszentimre>|2.414XIX>Kispest>|6.551XX>Pesterzsébet>|5.198XXI>Csepel>|2.963XXII>Budafok-Tétény>|1.473XXIII>Soroksár>|501 style="background:#ccc;"{{center21px) City of Budapest}}1.740.041525,23.314,9 style="background:#ddd;"{{center21px) Hungary}}9.937.62893.030107,2 style= style="text-align:center;"''Source: Eurostat,HTTP://EPP.EUROSTAT.EC.EUROPA.EU/CACHE/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-HA-11-001-01/EN/KS-HA-11-001-01-EN.PDF >TITLE=EUROSTAT REGIONAL YEARBOOK 2011 URL-STATUS=DEAD ARCHIVEDATE=8 OCTOBER 2012 Hungarian Central Statistical Office>HSCO''Most of today's Budapest is the result of a late-nineteenth-century renovation, but the wide boulevards laid out then only bordered and bisected much older quarters of activity created by centuries of Budapest's city evolution.Budapest's vast urban area is often described using a set of district names. These are either informal designations, reflect the names of villages that have been absorbed by sprawl, or are superseded administrative units of former boroughs.WEB,weblink Frommer's Budapest, Neighborhoods in Brief, 2011, 5 May 2014, Such names have remained in use through tradition, each referring to a local area with its own distinctive character, but without official boundaries.WEB,weblink, Budapest district by district, 2011, 5 May 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 6 May 2014, Originally Budapest had 10 districts after coming into existence upon the unification of the three cities in 1873. Since 1950, Greater Budapest has been divided into 22 boroughs (and 23 since 1994). At that time there were changes both in the order of districts and in their sizes. The city now consists of 23 districts, 6 in Buda, 16 in Pest and 1 on Csepel Island between them.The city centre itself in a broader sense comprises the District V, VI, VII, VIII, IXWEB,weblink, Case study Budapest and Budapest's 8th district, 2013, 5 May 2014, and XIII on the Pest side, and the I, II, XI and XII on the Buda side of the city.{{citation |url= |first=Eszter B.|last=Berényi|location=Budapest|title=The transformation of historical city districts in inner city of Budapest (PhD dissertation) |year=2010 |accessdate=5 May 2014}}District I is a small area in central Buda, including the historic Buda Castle. District II is in Buda again, in the northwest, and District III stretches along in the northernmost part of Buda. To reach District IV, one must cross the Danube to find it in Pest (the eastern side), also at north. With District V, another circle begins, it is located in the absolute centre of Pest. Districts VI, VII, VIII and IX are the neighbouring areas to the east, going southwards, one after the other.District X is another, more external circle also in Pest, while one must jump to the Buda side again to find Districts XI and XII, going northwards. No more districts remaining in Buda in this circle, we must turn our steps to Pest again to find Districts XIII, XIV, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX and XX (mostly external city parts), almost regularly in a semicircle, going southwards again.District XXI is the extension of the above route over a branch of the Danube, the northern tip of a long island south from Budapest. District XXII is still on the same route in southwest Buda, and finally District XXIII is again in southernmost Pest, irregular only because it was part of District XX until 1994.{{citation|url=|location=Budapest|title= After a local referendum, Soroksár became an independent district. (Egy helyi népszavazást követően Soroksár 1994-ben vált önálló kerületté.)|accessdate=6 July 2017}}(File:Hungary budapest districts.svg|center|360px)


{|class="wikitable" style="float:right; margin:0 0 0.5em 1em; text-align:right; font-size:85%;"{{centerBudapest compared to Hungary and European Union>EU}}BudapestHungaryEuropean UnionTotal Population>|507,890,191Population change, 2004 to 2014>PUBLISHER=HSCO ACCESSDATE=8 MAY 2014, −1.6%+2.2%HTTP://EPP.EUROSTAT.EC.EUROPA.EU/TGM/TABLE.DO?TAB=TABLE&LANGUAGE=EN&PCODE=TPS00001&TABLESELECTION=1&FOOTNOTES=YES&LABELING=LABELS&PLUGIN=1 >TITLE=EUROSTAT, POPULATION ON 1 JANUARY (EU27 2004 TO 2014) YEAR=2014, 8 May 2014, Population density>|116 /km2GDP per capita Purchasing power parity>PPP52,770 $HTTPS://WWW.IZ.SK/EN/PROJECTS/EU-REGIONS/HU101 >TITLE=BUDAPEST – HU101 – EMPLOYMENT INSTITUTE ACCESSDATE=10 JUNE 2013, 33,408 $HTTPS://WWW.IMF.ORG/EXTERNAL/PUBS/FT/WEO/2017/01/WEODATA/WEOREPT.ASPX?SY=2017&EY=2022&SCSM=1&SSD=1&C=944&S=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC >TITLE=IMF WORLD ECONOMIC OUTLOOK (HUNGARY), 2017 APRIL YEAR=2014 PUBLISHER=IMF ACCESSDATE=8 MAY 2014, Bachelor's Degree or higher>PAGE=17, TABLE 1.4.1 YEAR=2013 PUBLISHER=EUROPEAN COMMISSION ACCESSDATE=8 MAY 2014 ARCHIVE-DATE=31 OCTOBER 2014 DF=DMY-ALL, Foreign born>ACCESSDATE=30 MARCH 2010 PUBLISHER=INDEX.HU, 6.3%HTTP://EPP.EUROSTAT.EC.EUROPA.EU/CACHE/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-SF-11-034/EN/KS-SF-11-034-EN.PDF >TITLE=POPULATION AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS (31,4 MILLION (6,3%) BORN OUTSIDE OF THE EU)YEAR=2011, 8 May 2014, {|class="infobox" style="float:right; font-size:85%;"Largest groups of foreign residentsPOPULATION BY NATIONALITY, 2011 >URL=HTTPS://WWW.KSH.HU/NEPSZAMLALAS/TABLES_REGIONAL_01?LANG=EN ACCESSDATE=22 AUGUST 2011, !Nationality ||Population (2011)Germany}} 28,818Romani}} 20,151Romania}} 8,480Russia}} 6,158China}} 4,982Slovakia}} 3,257Poland}} 2,758Vietnam}} 2,723Greece}} 2,311{{Historical populations|type =|footnote = Population 2001 to 2019 Present-territory of Budapest57100206339302086402706560079861434111045312320261442869171279115903161804606194508320592262016681177792117290401752286}}Budapest is the most populous city in Hungary and one of the largest cities in the European Union, with a growing number of inhabitants, estimated at 1,763,913 in 2019,WEB,weblink, 2019-06-18, whereby inward migration exceeds outward migration. These trends are also seen throughout the Budapest metropolitan area, which is home to 3.3 million people.WEB,weblink Budapest City Review, Euromonitor International, December 2012, 8 May 2014, WEB,weblink Members of EMTA, European Metropolitan Transport Authorities (EMTA), August 2013, 8 May 2014, This amounts to about 34% of Hungary's population.In 2014, the city had a population density of 3,314 people per square kilometre (8,580/sq mi), rendering it the most densely populated of all municipalities in Hungary. The population density of Elisabethtown-District VII is 30,989/km² (80,260/sq mi), which is the highest population density figure in Hungary and one of the highest in the world, for comparison the density in Manhattan is 25,846/km²."Population Density" {{webarchive|url= |date=10 February 2007 }}, Geographic Information Systems â€“ GIS of Interest. Accessed 17 May 2007.Budapest is the fourth most "dynamically growing city" by population in Europe,WEB,weblink Cities and Green Growth, page 3, OECD, 8 May 2014, and the Euromonitor predicts a population increase of almost 10% between 2005 and 2030.WEB,weblink Eastern Europe in 2030: The future demographic, Population by City, Euromonitor, March 2012, 8 May 2014,weblink" title="">weblink 4 March 2016, dead, dmy-all, The European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion says Budapest's population will increase by 10% to 30% only due to migration by 2050.WEB,weblink IMPACT OF MIGRATION ON POPULATION CHANGE, Results from the Demographic and Migratory flows Affecting European Regions and Cities Project, European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion, 2013, 8 May 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 12 May 2014, dmy-all, A constant inflow of migrants in recent years has fuelled population growth in Budapest. Productivity gains and the relatively large economically active share of the population explain why household incomes have increased in Budapest to a greater extent than in other parts of Hungary. Higher incomes in Budapest are reflected in the lower share of expenditure the city's inhabitants allocate to necessity spending such as food and non-alcoholic drinks.At the 2011 census, there were 1,729,040 people with 906,782 households living in Budapest.WEB,weblink The housing stock and the housing density, Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 2014, 8 May 2014, Some 1.6 million persons from the metropolitan area may be within Budapest's boundaries during work hours, and during special events. This fluctuation of people is caused by hundreds of thousands of suburban residents who travel to the city for work, education, health care, and special events.By ethnicity there were 1,397,851 (80.8%) Hungarians, 19,530 (1.1%) Romani, 18,278 (1.0%) Germans, 6,189 (0.4%) Romanians, 4,692 (0.3%) Chinese and 2,581 (0.1%) Slovaks. 301,943 people (17.5%) did not declare their ethnicity. In Hungary people can declare more than one ethnicity, so the sum of ethnicities is higher than the total population.WEB, Népszámlálás 2011: Területi adatok – Budapest, Hungarian census 2011: Spatial Data – Budapest, Hungarian,weblink Central Statistical Office, Table A népesség számának alakulása, népsűrűség, népszaporodás (Total number of population, population density, natural growth), A népesség nyelvismeret és nemek szerint (population by spoken language), A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint (population by mother tongue and ethnicity), A népesség vallás, felekezet és nemek szerint (population by religion), A népesség születési hely, korcsoport és nemek szerint (population by place of birth), WEB,weblink Hungarian census 2011 – final data and methodology,, The city is home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe.WEB,weblink World Jewish Population, – Judaism Online, 2 September 2012, A Hungarian Central Statistical Office report showed that also, the proportion of Romani in Budapest increased from 2% in 1990 to 4.6% in 2009.WEB, Dövényi, Zoltán, Kovács, Zoltán, A szuburbanizáció térbeni-társadalmi jellemzÅ‘i Budapest környékén (Spatial and societal parameters of the suburbanization in Budapest),weblink Földrajzi ÉrtesítÅ‘ (Geographical Report), 1999, Hungarian, 21 May 2013, According to the same census, 1,600,585 people (92.6%) were born in Hungary, 126,036 people (7.3%) outside Hungary while the birthplace of 2,419 people (0.1%) was unknown.Although only 1.7% of the population of Hungary in 2009 were foreigners, 43% of them lived in Budapest, making them 4.4% of the city's population (up from 2% in 2001). Nearly two-thirds of foreigners living in Hungary were under 40 years old. The primary motivation for this age group living in Hungary was employment.According to the 2011 census, 1,712,153 people (99.0%) speak Hungarian, of whom 1,692,815 people (97.9%) speak it as a first language, while 19,338 people (1.1%) speak it as a second language. Other spoken (foreign) languages were: English (536,855 speakers, 31.0%), German (266,249 speakers, 15.4%), French (56,208 speakers, 3.3%) and Russian (54,613 speakers, 3.2%).Budapest is home to one of the most populous Christian communities in Central Europe, numbering 698,521 people (40.4%) in 2011. According to the 2011 census, there were 501,117 (29.0%) Roman Catholics, 146,756 (8.5%) Calvinists, 30,293 (1.8%) Lutherans, 16,192 (0.9%) Greek Catholics, 7,925 (0.5%) Jews and 3,710 (0.2%) Orthodox in Budapest. 395,964 people (22.9%) were irreligious while 585,475 people (33.9%) did not declare their religion.


{{Further|List of companies based in Budapest|Economy of Hungary}}{{updatesection|date=September 2018}}File:Budapest - Business district.JPG|right|thumb|Danube towers in Budapest's central business district, base for MetLife, IBM, Huawei or OTP BankOTP BankFile:Eco MOL (solar powered) petrol station. - Budapest, XII. distr. Istenhegyi St., 55.JPG|thumb|right|MOL Group solar powered filling station in Budapest. It is the second most valuable company in Central and Eastern EuropeCentral and Eastern EuropeFile:Richter-Gedeon-Nyrt-P5010610.jpg|thumb|right|Research and development centre of Richter Gedeon in Budapest]]File:Budapest Szabadsag-ter Bank Center 0853.jpg|thumb|right|Budapest Stock Exchange at Liberty Square, it is the 2nd largest stock exchange in CEE ]]Budapest is a significant economic hub, classified as an Alpha- world city in the study by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network and it is the second fastest-developing urban economy in Europe as GDP per capita in the city increased by 2.4 per cent and employment by 4.7 per cent compared to the previous year in 2014.WEB,weblink The World According to GaWC 2010, 13 April 2010,, 12 May 2014, On national level, Budapest is the primate city of Hungary regarding business and economy, accounting for 39% of the national income, the city has a gross metropolitan product more than $100 billion in 2015, making it one of the largest regional economy in the European Union.WEB,weblink Hungary's GDP (IMF, 2016 est.) is $265.037 billion x 39% = $103,36 billion, Portfolio online financial journal, 10 June 2013,weblink" title="">weblink 12 March 2014, dead, According to the Eurostat GDP per capita in purchasing power parity is 147% of the EU average in Budapest, which means €37.632 ($42.770) per capita.Budapest is also among the Top100 GDP performing cities in the world, measured by PricewaterhouseCoopers.The city was named as the 52nd most important business centre in the world in the Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index, ahead of Beijing, São Paulo or Shenzhen and ranking 3rd (out of 65 cities) on MasterCard Emerging Markets Index.WEB,weblink New MasterCard Research Ranks 65 Cities in Emerging Markets Poised to Drive Long-Term Global Economic Growth, MasterCard, 22 October 2008, 7 July 2009, WEB,weblink Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index, 2008, MasterCard Worldwide, 12 May 2014, The city is 48th on the UBS The most expensive and richest cities in the world list, standing before cities such as Prague, Shanghai, Kuala Lumpur or Buenos Aires.WEB,weblink World's most expensive cities in 2012 – Ranking, City Mayors, 10 June 2013, In a global city competitiveness ranking by EIU, Budapest stands before Tel Aviv, Lisbon, Moscow and Johannesburg among others.WEB,weblink Benchmarking global city competitiveness, 2012, Economist Intelligence Unit, 12 May 2014, The city is a major centre for banking and finance, real estate, retailing, trade, transportation, tourism, new media as well as traditional media, advertising, legal services, accountancy, insurance, fashion and the arts in Hungary and regionally. Budapest is home not only to almost all national institutions and government agencies, but also to many domestic and international companies, in 2014 there are 395.804 companies registered in the city.WEB,weblink A regisztrált vállalkozások száma (Number of registered companies),, 8 March 2016, Most of these entities are headquartered in the Budapest's Central Business District, in the District V and District XIII. The retail market of the city (and the country) is also concentrated in the downtown, among others through the two largest shopping centre in Central and Eastern Europe, the 186,000 sqm WestEnd City Center and the 180,000 sqm Arena Plaza.WEB, Budapest City Report 2013,weblink September 2013, Jones Lang LaSalle, 12 May 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 19 April 2014, WEB,weblink Arena Plaza – Hungary, 2014, Plaza Centers, 12 May 2014, Budapest has notable innovation capabilities as a technology and start-up hub, many start-ups are headquartered and begin its business in the city, for instance deserve to mention the most well-known Prezi, LogMeIn or NNG. Budapest is the highest ranked Central and Eastern European city on Innovation Cities' Top 100 index.WEB,weblink Innovation Cities Top 100 Index » Innovation Cities Index & Program – City data training events from 2THINKNOW for USA Canada America Europe Asia Mid-East Australia,, 1 September 2010, 15 September 2011, A good indicator of the city's potential for innovation and research also, is that the European Institute of Innovation and Technology chose Budapest for its headquarters, along with the UN, which Regional Representation for Central Europe office is in the city, responsible for UN operations in seven countries.WEB,weblink Central Europe's regional office, 2014, United Nations, 12 May 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 26 August 2013, dmy-all, Moreover, the global aspect of the city's research activity is shown through the establishment of the European Chinese Research Institute in the city.WEB,weblink Budapest to be CEE Region Headquarters for Chinese Research Institute, 18 September 2011, Promote CEE – Investment in the CEE Region, 12 May 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 19 April 2014, dmy-all, Other important sectors include also, as natural science research, information technology and medical research, non-profit institutions, and universities. The leading business schools and universities in Budapest, the Budapest Business School, the CEU Business School and Corvinus University of Budapest offers a whole range of courses in economics, finance and management in English, French, German and Hungarian.WEB,weblink Bachelor, Master and PhD study programs in foreign languages, 4 August 2011, Budapest Business School, 12 May 2014, The unemployment rate is far the lowest in Budapest within Hungary, it was 2.7%, besides the many thousands of employed foreign citizens.WEB,weblink Budapest status of employment, Budapest Public Employment Service Non-profit Company, 12 May 2014, Budapest is among the 25 most visited cities in the world, the city welcoming more than 4.4 million international visitors each year,WEB,weblink Top 100 Cities Destination Ranking – Analyst Insight from Euromonitor International,, 21 January 2013, 10 February 2016, therefore the traditional and the congress tourism industry also deserve a mention, it contributes greatly to the city's economy. The capital being home to many convention centre and thousands of restaurants, bars, coffee houses and party places, besides the full assortment of hotels. In restaurant offerings can be found the highest quality Michelin-starred restaurants, like Onyx, Costes, Tanti or Borkonyha. The city ranked as the most liveable city in Central and Eastern Europe on EIU's quality of life index in 2010.

Finance and corporate location

Budapest Stock Exchange, key institution of the publicly offered securities in Hungary and Central and Eastern Europe is situated in Budapest's CBD at Liberty Square. BSE also trades other securities such as government bonds and derivatives such as stock options. Large Hungarian multinational corporations headquartered in Budapest are listed on BSE, for instance the Fortune Global 500 firm MOL Group, the OTP Bank, FHB Bank, Gedeon Richter Plc., Magyar Telekom, CIG Pannonia, Zwack Unicum and more.WEB,weblink Global 500 – Countries: Hungary – Fortune, Money (magazine), Money, 23 July 2012, 10 June 2013, Nowadays nearly all branches of industry can be found in Budapest, there is no particularly special industry in the city's economy, but the financial centre role of the city is strong, nearly 40 major banks are presented in the city,WEB,weblink HFSA – Credit institutions' data,, 10 June 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 12 March 2013, dmy-all, also those like Bank of China, KDB Bank and Hanwha Bank, which is unique in the region.Also support the financial industry of Budapest, the firms of international banks and financial service providers, such as Citigroup, Morgan Stanley, GE Capital, Deutsche Bank, Sberbank, ING Group, Allianz, KBC Group, UniCredit and MSCI among others. Another particularly strong industry in the capital city is biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry, these are also traditionally strong in Budapest, through domestic companies, as Egis, Gedeon Richter, Chinoin and through international biotechnology corporations, like Pfizer, Teva, Novartis, Sanofi, who are also has R&D and production division here. Further high-tech industries, such as software development, engineering notable as well, the Nokia, Ericcson, Bosch, Microsoft, IBM employs thousands of engineers in research and development in the city. Game design also highly represented through headquarters of domestic Digital Reality, Black Hole and studio of Crytek or Gameloft. Beyond the above, there are regional headquarters of global firms, such as Alcoa, General Motors, GE, Exxon Mobil, British Petrol, British Telecom, Flextronics, Panasonic Corp, Huawei, Knorr-Bremse, Liberty Global, Tata Consultancy, Aegon, WizzAir, TriGránit, MVM Group, Graphisoft, there is a base for Nissan CEE, Volvo, Saab, Ford, including but not limited to.

Politics and government

File:BIMUN 2012 opening 1.jpg|thumb|right|Model United Nations conference in the assembly hall of House of Magnates ]]File:Budapest Etnographical museum1.JPG|thumb|right|Old building (from 1890) of the Hungarian Royal Curia, that operated as the highest court in the Kingdom of Hungary between 1723 and 1949. Now it houses a museum.]]File:BushSolyom2006-02.jpg|thumb|right|U.S. President George W. Bush meets with Hungarian President László Sólyom at Sándor Palace in Budapest.]]As the capital of Hungary, Budapest is the seat of the country's national government. The President of Hungary resides at the Sándor Palace in the District I (Buda Castle District),WEB,weblink About the institution of the President of Hungary, Office of the President of the Republic, 12 May 2014, while the office of the Hungarian Prime Minister is in the Hungarian Parliament. Government ministries are all located in various parts of the city, most of them are in the District V, Leopoldtown. The National Assembly is seated in the Hungarian Parliament, which also located in the District V.WEB,weblink The Hungarian National Assembly, 2014, Office of the National Assembly, 12 May 2014, The President of the National Assembly, the third-highest public official in Hungary, is also seated in the largest building in the country, in the Hungarian Parliament.Hungary's highest courts are located in Budapest. The Curia (supreme court of Hungary), the highest court in the judicial order, which reviews criminal and civil cases, is located in the District V, Leopoldtown. Under the authority of its President it has three departments: criminal, civil and administrative-labour law departments. Each department has various chambers. The Curia guarantees the uniform application of law. The decisions of the Curia on uniform jurisdiction are binding for other courts.WEB,weblink Curia of Hungary, National Office for the Judiciary, 12 May 2014, The second most important judicial authority, the National Judicial Council, is also housed in the District V, with the tasks of controlling the financial management of the judicial administration and the courts and giving an opinion on the practice of the president of the National Office for the Judiciary and the Curia deciding about the applications of judges and court leaders, among others.WEB,weblink The National Judicial Council, 23 March 2012, National Judicial Council, 12 May 2014,weblink" title="">weblink 30 June 2013, dead, dmy-all, The Constitutional Court of Hungary is one of the highest level actors independent of the politics in the country. The Constitutional Court serves as the main body for the protection of the Constitution, its tasks being the review of the constitutionality of statutes. The Constitutional Court performs its tasks independently. With its own budget and its judges being elected by Parliament it does not constitute a part of the ordinary judicial system. The constitutional court passes on the constitutionality of laws, and there is no right of appeal on these decisions.WEB,weblink Brief history of the Constitutional Court of Hungary, 2014, The Constitutional Court, 12 May 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 13 May 2014, dmy-all, Budapest hosts the main and regional headquarters of many international organizations as well, including United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, European Institute of Innovation and Technology, European Police Academy, International Centre for Democratic Transition, Institute of International Education, International Labour Organization, International Organization for Migration, International Red Cross, Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe, Danube Commission and even others.WEB,weblink International organizations in Hungary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 12 May 2014, The city is also home to more than 100 embassies and representative bodies as an international political actor.Environmental issues have a high priority among Budapest's politics. Institutions such as the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe, located in Budapest, are very important assets.WEB,weblink TRANSITION AND ENVIRONMENT, Bedrvich Moldan, 12 May 2014, To decrease the use of cars and greenhouse gas emissions, the city has worked to improve public transportation, and nowadays the city has one of the highest mass transit usage in Europe. Budapest has one of the best public transport systems in Europe with an efficient network of buses, trolleys, trams and subway. Budapest has an above-average proportion of people commuting on public transport or walking and cycling for European cities.WEB,weblink A good place to live – Budapest, 8 November 2011, Siemens, Studio Metropolitana Workshop for Urban Development, 12 May 2014, dead,weblink 13 May 2014, Riding on bike paths is one of the best ways to see Budapest – there are currently about {{convert|180|km|mi|abbr=off}} of bicycle paths in the city, fitting into the EuroVelo system.WEB,weblink Transport Budapest, 2014, WWF Global, 12 May 2014, Crime in Budapest investigated by different bodies. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime notes in their 2011 Global Study on Homicide that, according to criminal justice sources, the homicide rate in Hungary, calculated based on UN population estimates, was 1.4 in 2009, compared to Canada's rate of 1.8 that same year.WEB,weblink Hungary: Crime situation, including organized crime; police and state response including effectiveness – 1.1 Homicide, 10 July 2012, UNHCR-The UN Refugee Agency, 12 May 2014, The homicide rate in Budapest is below the EU capital cities' average according to WHO also.BOOK,weblink Urban crime and violence: Conditions and trends (Figure 3.6), WHO, 12 May 2014, 978-1-84407-475-4, 2007, However, the organised crime is associated with the city, the Institute of Defence in a UN study named Budapest as the "global epicentres" of illegal pornography, money laundering and contraband tobacco, and also the negotiation center for international crime group leaders.WEB,weblink Hungary: Crime situation, including organized crime; police and state response including effectiveness – 2. Organized Crime, 10 July 2012, UNHCR-The UN Refugee Agency, 12 May 2014,

City governance

{{See also|Mayor of Budapest|Lord Mayor of Budapest|General Assembly of Budapest}}{|class="wikitable" style="float:right; margin:0 0 0.5em 1em; text-align:right; font-size:80%;"{{center|Current composition of the 33 seats in the General Assembly}} |Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union|19 seats + Mayor of Budapest (60.6%) |Hungarian Socialist Party|6 seats (15.2%) |Together 2014|2 seats (6.1%) Democratic Coalition (Hungary)>Democratic Coalition|2 seats (6.1%) |Politics Can Be Different|1 seats (3.0%) |Jobbik|1 seats (3.0%) |Independent|1 seats (3.0%)Budapest has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor-council form of government since its consolidation in 1873, but Budapest also holds a special status as a county-level government, and also special within that, as holds a capital-city territory status.WEB,weblink Municipality of Budapest, 11 May 2011, Budapest Official Site, 12 May 2014, In Budapest, the central government is responsible for the urban planning, statutory planning, public transport, housing, waste management, municipal taxes, correctional institutions, libraries, public safety, recreational facilities, among others. The Mayor is responsible for all city services, police and fire protection, enforcement of all city and state laws within the city, and administration of public property and most public agencies. Besides, each of Budapest' twenty-three districts has its own town hall and a directly elected council and the directly elected mayor of district.István Tarlós, the current Mayor was re-elected mayor for another 5-year term on the 2014 local elections, he received 49.06% of the votes.WEB, 13 October 2014,weblink Tarlós István harca csak most kezdÅ‘dik, 13 October 2014, He is an independent (but supported by Fidesz) who assumed the office first on 3 October 2010.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, 17 October 2014, Mayor of Budapest election results, 3 October 2010,, 12 May 2014, The composition of the 33 seats in the Budapest General Assembly after the 2014 elections is in the table. The mayor and members of General Assembly are elected to five-year terms. DATA OBSOLETE, PLEASE EDIT AS SOON AS POSSIBLEThe Budapest General Assembly is a unicameral body consisting of 33 members, which consist of the 23 mayors of the districts, 9 from the electoral lists of political parties, plus Mayor of Budapest (the Mayor is elected directly). Each term for the mayor and assembly members lasts five years.WEB,weblink Five year terms in the local governments of Hungary, 11 May 2011, Website of the Hungarian government, 12 May 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 13 May 2014, Submitting the budget of Budapest is the responsibility of the Mayor and the deputy-mayor in charge of finance. The latest, 2014 budget was approved with 18 supporting votes from ruling Fidesz and 14 votes against by the opposition lawmakers.WEB,weblink Budapest City Council approves 2014 budget, 26 February 2014,, 12 May 2014,

Main sights and tourism

{{See also|List of sights and historic places in Budapest|List of tourist attractions in Budapest}}{{multiple image|align=right|image1=EgyetemiTemplomFotoThalerTamas1.jpg|width1=155Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Budapest>University Church|image2=Budapešť 0209.jpg|width2=215|caption2= Boscolo Budapest Hotel, café in the ground floor, a 107-room hotel above}}The most well-known sight of the capital is the neo-Gothic Parliament, the biggest building in Hungary with its {{convert|268|m|ft}} length, holding (since 2001) also the Hungarian Crown Jewels.Saint Stephen's Basilica is the most important religious building of the city, where the Holy Right Hand of Hungary's first king, Saint Stephen is on display as well.The Hungarian cuisine and café culture can be seen and tasted in a lot of places, like Gerbeaud Café, the Százéves, Biarritz, Fortuna, Alabárdos, Arany Szarvas, Kárpátia and the world-famous Mátyás Pince restaurans and beer bars.There are Roman remains at the Aquincum Museum, and historic furniture at the Nagytétény Castle Museum, just 2 out of 223 museums in Budapest. Another historical museum is the House of Terror, hosted in the building that was the venue of the Nazi Headquarters. The Castle Hill, the River Danube embankments and the whole of Andrássy út have been officially recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.Castle Hill and the Castle District; there are three churches here, six museums, and a host of interesting buildings, streets and squares. The former Royal Palace is one of the symbols of Hungary – and has been the scene of battles and wars ever since the 13th century. Nowadays it houses two impressive museums and the National Széchenyi Library. The nearby Sándor Palace contains the offices and official residence of the President of Hungary. The seven-hundred-year-old Matthias Church is one of the jewels of Budapest, it is in neo-Gothic style, decorated with coloured shingles and elegant pinnacles. Next to it is an equestrian statue of the first king of Hungary, King Saint Stephen, and behind that is the Fisherman's Bastion, built in 1905 by the architect Frigyes Schulek, the Fishermen's Bastions owes its name to the namesake corporation that during the Middle Ages was responsible of the defence of this part of ramparts, from where opens out a panoramic view of the whole city. Statues of the Turul, the mythical guardian bird of Hungary, can be found in both the Castle District and the Twelfth District.File:Café Gerbeaud Budapest.jpg|thumb|right|Interior of Gerbeaud Café ]]In Pest, arguably the most important sight is Andrássy út. This Avenue is an elegant {{convert|2.5|km|0|abbr=off}} long tree-lined street that covers the distance from Deák Ferenc tér to the Heroes Square. On this Avenue overlook many important sites. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. As far as Kodály körönd and Oktogon both sides are lined with large shops and flats built close together. Between there and Heroes' Square the houses are detached and altogether grander. Under the whole runs continental Europe's oldest Underground railway, most of whose stations retain their original appearance. Heroes' Square is dominated by the Millenary Monument, with the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in front. To the sides are the Museum of Fine Arts and the Kunsthalle Budapest, and behind City Park opens out, with Vajdahunyad Castle. One of the jewels of Andrássy út is the Hungarian State Opera House. Statue Park, a theme park with striking statues of the Communist era, is located just outside the main city and is accessible by public transport.File:Charles and Camilla in Dohány Street Synagogue.jpg|upright=1.0|thumb|right|Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, Prince Charles and Chief Rabbi Róbert Frölich in the Dohány Street Synagogue, the largest synagogue in EuropeEuropeThe Dohány Street Synagogue is the largest synagogue in Europe, and the second largest active synagogue in the world.NEWS, Out of Darkness, New Life, The New York Times,weblink 30 December 2007, 12 March 2008, Nicholas, Kulish, The synagogue is located in the Jewish district taking up several blocks in central Budapest bordered by Király utca, Wesselényi utca, Grand Boulevard and Bajcsy Zsilinszky road. It was built in moorish revival style in 1859 and has a seating capacity of 3,000. Adjacent to it is a sculpture reproducing a weeping willow tree in steel to commemorate the Hungarian victims of the Holocaust.The city is also home to the largest medicinal bath in Europe (Széchenyi Medicinal Bath) and the third largest Parliament building in the world, once the largest in the world. Other attractions are the bridges of the capital. Seven bridges provide crossings over the Danube, and from north to south are: the Árpád Bridge (built in 1950 at the north of Margaret Island); the Margaret Bridge (built in 1901, destroyed during the war by an explosion and then rebuilt in 1948); the Chain Bridge (built in 1849, destroyed during World War II and the rebuilt in 1949); the Elisabeth Bridge (completed in 1903 and dedicated to the murdered Queen Elisabeth, it was destroyed by the Germans during the war and replaced with a new bridge in 1964); the Liberty Bridge (opened in 1896 and rebuilt in 1989 in Art Nouveau style); the Petőfi Bridge (completed in 1937, destroyed during the war and rebuilt in 1952); the Rákóczi Bridge (completed in 1995). Most remarkable for their beauty are the Margaret Bridge, the Chain Bridge and the Liberty Bridge.The world's largest panorama photograph was created in (and of) Budapest in 2010.WEB,weblink The largest photo on Earth – created by, 70 Billion Pixels Budapest, 15 September 2011, Tourists visiting Budapest can receive free maps and information from the nonprofit Budapest Festival and Tourism Center at its info-points.WEB,weblink Tourist Information Points, Budapest Info, 4 December 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 22 December 2014, The info centers also offer the Budapest Card which allows free public transit and discounts for several museums, restaurants and other places of interest. Cards are available for 24-, 48- or 72-hour durations.WEB, Budapest Card,weblink Budapest Info, 4 December 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 16 January 2013, The city is also well known for its ruin bars both day and night.WEB, Baker, Mark,weblink Travel – The 'ruin pubs' of Budapest's seventh district: Food & Drink, Budapest, BBC, 15 August 2011, 11 March 2013, File:Budapest - Fővám tér (38438702071).jpg|thumb|275px|Fővám SquareFővám Square


File:Budapest - panoramio (64).jpg|thumb|275px|The Holy Trinity Square located in the Buda Castle Hill ]]In Budapest there are many smaller and larger squares, the most significant of which are Heroes' Square, Kossuth Square, Liberty Square, St. Stephen's Square, Ferenc Deák Square, Vörösmarty Square, Erzsébet Square, St. George's Square and Széchenyi István Square. The Heroes' Square at the end of Andrássy Avenue is the largest and most influential square in the capital, with the Millennium Monument in the center, and the Museum of Fine Arts and The Hall of Art. Kossuth Square is a symbolic place of the Hungarian statehood, the Hungarian Parliament Building, the Palace of Justice and the Ministry of Agriculture. The Liberty Square is located in the Belváros-Lipótváros District (Inner City District), as one of Budapest's most beautiful squares. There are buildings such as the Hungarian National Bank, the embassy of the United States, the Stock Exchange Palace, as well as numerous statues and monuments such as the Soviet War Memorial, the Statue of Ronald Reagan or the controversial Monument to the victims of the German occupation. In the St. Stephen's Square is the St. Stephen's Basilica, the square is connected by a walking street, the Zrínyi Street, to the Széchenyi István Square at the foot of The Chain Bridge. The Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Gresham Palace and the Ministry of Interior are also located here. Deák Ferenc Square is a central square of the capital, a major transport hub, where three Budapest subways meet. Here is the oldest and best known Evangelical Church of Budapest, the Deák Ferenc Square Luteran Church. Vörösmarty Square is located in Belváros-Lipótváros District (Inner City District) behind the Vigadó of Pest as one of the endpoints of Váci Street. The Confectionery Gerbeaud is here, and the annual Christmas Fair is held in the Square, as well as is the centre of the Holiday Book Week.

Parks and gardens

{{category see also|Parks in Budapest}}File:Vajdahunyad vára télen a jégpályával.jpg|thumb|left|250px|The City Park Ice Rink located in the City Park, the Vajdahunyad CastleVajdahunyad CastleBudapest has many municipal parks and most have playgrounds for children and seasonal activities like skating in the winter and boating in the summer. Access from the city center is quick and easy with the Millennium Underground. Budapest has a complex park system, with various lands operated by the Budapest City Gardening Ltd.WEB, Parks,weblink, 4 December 2014, The wealth of greenspace afforded by Budapest's parks is further augmented by a network of open spaces containing forest, streams, and lakes that are set aside as natural areas which lie not far from the inner city, including the Budapest Zoo and Botanical Garden (established in 1866) in the City Park.WEB, Budapest Parks & Caves,weblink, 4 December 2014, The most notable and popular parks in Budapest are the City Park which was established in 1751 (302 acres) along with Andrássy Avenue,WEB, City Park,weblink, 4 December 2014, the Margaret Island in the Danube ({{convert|238|acres|abbr=off|disp=or}}),WEB, Margaret Island,weblink, 4 December 2014, the People's Park, the Római Part, and the Kopaszi Dam.WEB, Parks and Recreation in Budapest,weblink Funzine, 4 December 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 26 May 2015, dmy-all, The Buda Hills also offer a variety of outdoor activities and views. A place frequented by locals is Normafa, offering activities for all seasons. With a modest ski run, it is also used by skiers and snow boarders – if there is enough snowfall in winter.{{clear left}}


File:Girl in the Margit-sziget Garden (5978988972).jpg|thumb|right|Park on Margaret IslandMargaret IslandFile:Dunapartlatkep4.jpg|thumb|right|Aerial panorama with Margaret IslandMargaret IslandA number of islands can be found on the Danube in Budapest:
  • Margaret Island ( {{IPA-hu|ˈmÉ’rÉ¡it.siÉ¡É›t|}}) is a {{convert|2.5|km|mi|1|abbr=on}} long island and {{convert|0.965|km2|acre}} in area. The island mostly consists of a park and is a popular recreational area for tourists and locals alike. The island lies between bridges Margaret Bridge (south) and Árpád Bridge (north). Dance clubs, swimming pools, an aqua park, athletic and fitness centres, bicycle and running tracks can be found around the Island. During the day the island is occupied by people doing sports, or just resting. In the summer (generally on the weekends) mostly young people go to the island at night to party on its terraces, or to recreate with a bottle of alcohol on a bench or on the grass (this form of entertainment is sometimes referred to as bench-partying).
  • Csepel Island ( {{IPA-hu|ˈt͡ʃɛpÉ›lsiÉ¡É›t|}}) is the largest island of the River Danube in Hungary. It is {{convert|48|km|mi|0|abbr=on}} long; its width is {{convert|6|to|8|km|0|abbr=on}} and its area comprises {{convert|257|km2|sqmi|0|abbr=on}}. However, only the northern tip of the island is inside the city limits.
  • Hajógyári Island ( {{IPA-hu|ˈhÉ’joːɟaːrisiÉ¡É›t|}}), also known as Óbuda Island (), is a man-made island located in the third district. This island hosts many activities such as: wake-boarding, jet-skiing during the day, and dance clubs during the night. This is the island where the famous Sziget Festival takes place, hosting hundreds of performances per year and now around 400,000 visitors in its last edition. Many building projects are taking place to make this island into one of the biggest entertainment centres of Europe. The plan is to build apartment buildings, hotels, casinos and a marina.
  • {{ill|Molnár Island|hu|Molnár-sziget}} () is an island in the channel of the Danube that separates Csepel Island from the east bank of the river.
The islands of {{ill|Palotai Island|hu|Palotai-sziget}}, {{ill|Nép Island|hu|Népsziget}}, and {{ill|Háros Island|hu|Háros-sziget}} also formerly existed within the city, but have been joined to the mainland.
The {{ill|Ínség Rock|hu|Ínség-szikla}} () is a reef in the Danube close to the shore under the Gellért Hill. It is only exposed during drought periods when the river level is very low.Just outside the city boundary to the north lies the large Szentendre Island () and the much smaller Lupa Island ().


File:Budapest Széchenyi Baths R01.jpg|thumb|left|250px|Széchenyi Thermal Bath in the City Park ]]One of the reasons the Romans first colonised the area immediately to the west of the River Danube and established their regional capital at Aquincum (now part of Óbuda, in northern Budapest) is so that they could utilise and enjoy the thermal springs. There are still ruins visible today of the enormous baths that were built during that period. The new baths that were constructed during the Turkish period (1541–1686) served both bathing and medicinal purposes, and some of these are still in use to this day.NEWS, Mini guide to Budapest's spas,weblink 25 December 2017, BBC, 26 Apr 2013, WEB, Fallon, Steve, A guide to Budapest's thermal baths,weblink Lonely Planet, 25 December 2017, Budapest gained its reputation as a city of spas in the 1920s, following the first realisation of the economic potential of the thermal waters in drawing in visitors. Indeed, in 1934 Budapest was officially ranked as a "City of Spas". Today, the baths are mostly frequented by the older generation, as, with the exception of the "Magic Bath" and "Cinetrip" water discos, young people tend to prefer the lidos which are open in the summer.Construction of the Király Baths started in 1565, and most of the present-day building dates from the Turkish period, including most notably the fine cupola-topped pool.The Rudas Baths are centrally placed – in the narrow strip of land between Gellért Hill and the River Danube – and also an outstanding example of architecture dating from the Turkish period. The central feature is an octagonal pool over which light shines from a {{convert|10|m|ft}} diameter cupola, supported by eight pillars.The Gellért Baths and Hotel were built in 1918, although there had once been Turkish baths on the site, and in the Middle Ages a hospital. In 1927, the Baths were extended to include the wave pool, and the effervescent bath was added in 1934. The well-preserved Art Nouveau interior includes colourful mosaics, marble columns, stained glass windows and statues.The Lukács Baths are also in Buda and are also Turkish in origin, although they were only revived at the end of the 19th century. This was also when the spa and treatment centre were founded. There is still something of an atmosphere of fin-de-siècle about the place, and all around the inner courtyard there are marble tablets recalling the thanks of patrons who were cured there. Since the 1950s it has been regarded as a centre for intellectuals and artists.The Széchenyi Baths are one of the largest bathing complexes in all Europe, and the only "old" medicinal baths to be found in the Pest side of the city. The indoor medicinal baths date from 1913 and the outdoor pools from 1927. There is an atmosphere of grandeur about the whole place with the bright, largest pools resembling aspects associated with Roman baths, the smaller bath tubs reminding one of the bathing culture of the Greeks, and the saunas and diving pools borrowed from traditions emanating in northern Europe. The three outdoor pools (one of which is a fun pool) are open all year, including winter. Indoors there are over ten separate pools, and a whole host of medical treatments is also available. The Szécheny Baths are built in modern Renaissance style.{{wide image|Panoramic view of Budapest 2014.jpg|1300px|Night panorama of the Gellért Hill with the illuminated Buda Castle, Matthias Church, Danube Chain Bridge, Parlament, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, St. Stephen's Basilica, Budapest Eye and Vigadó Concert Hall}}

Infrastructure and transportation


File:Liszt Ferenc Repuloter 2-es terminal varocsarnok 06.JPG|thumb|right|Budapest International Airport arrivals and departures lounge between terminal 2A and 2B, named SkyCourt]]Budapest is served by Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport (BUD) (named after Franz Liszt, the notable Hungarian composer), one of the busiest airports in Central and Eastern Europe, located {{convert|16|km|mi}} east-southeast of the centre of Budapest, in the District XVIII. The airport offers international connections among all major European cities, and also to North America, Africa, Asia and the Middle East.As Hungary's busiest airport, it handles nearly all of the country's air passenger traffic. Budapest Liszt Ferenc handled around 250 scheduled flights daily in 2013, and an ever-rising number of charters. London, Brussels, Frankfurt, Munich, Paris, and Amsterdam are the busiest international connections respectively, while Toronto, Montreal, Dubai, Doha and Alicante are the most unusual in the region.WEB,weblink Air Transat unveils its new Europe program for 2015, 15 October 2014, 15 October 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 17 October 2014, Today the airport serves as a base for Ryanair, Wizz Air, Budapest Aircraft Service, CityLine Hungary, Farnair Hungary and Travel Service Hungary among others. The airport is accessible via public transportation from the city centre by the Metro line 3 and then the airport bus No. 200E.WEB,weblink From the Airport to the City centre by public transport, 2014, Centre for Budapest Transport, 20 May 2014, As part of a strategic development plan, €561 million have been spent on expanding and modernising the airport infrastructure until December 2012. Most of these improvements are already completed,WEB,weblink Budapest Airport Property development, 17 March 2014, Budapest Airport, 20 May 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 24 December 2011, dmy-all, the postponed ones are the new cargo area and new piers for terminal 2A and 2B, but these development are on standby also, and will start immediately, when the airport traffic will reach the appropriate level.SkyCourt, the newest, state-of-the-art building between the 2A and 2B terminals with 5 levels. Passenger safety checks were moved here along with new baggage classifiers and the new Malév and SkyTeam business lounges, as well as the first MasterCard lounge in Europe.WEB,weblink Budapest Airport unveils Europe's first MasterCard lounge, 15 September 2011, Future Travel Experience, 20 May 2014,

Public transportation

File:Budapest-metro.png|thumb|right|Budapest metro and rapid transit network within the city and to suburbs]]File:Metro 4, M4, Line 4 (Budapest Metro), Kálvin tér.jpg|thumb|left|Green Line 4, a driverless metro line with real-time PIDS system at Kálvin square, a transfer station to Blue Line 3 ]](File:17-es villamos (2211).jpg|alt=|left|thumb|CAF Tram on Line 17 at Széll Kálmán Square)Public transit in Budapest is provided by the Centre for Budapest Transport (BKK, Budapesti Közlekedési Központ), one of the largest transportation authorities in Europe.WEB,weblink Centre for Budapest Transport in brief, Centre for Budapest Transport, 20 May 2014, BKK operates 4 metro lines (including the historic Line 1, the oldest underground railway in continental Europe), 5 suburban railway lines, 33 tram lines, 15 trolleybus lines, 264 bus lines (including 40 night routes), 4 boat services, and BuBi, a smart bicycle sharing network. On an average weekday, BKK lines transports 3.9 million riders; in 2011, it handled a total of 1.4 billion passengers.WEB,weblink Annual Report 2011, February 2012, BKV Zrt., 20 May 2014, In 2014, the 65% of the passenger traffic in Budapest was by public transport and 35% by car. The aim is 80%–20% by 2030 in accordance with the strategy of BKK.WEB, Melinda Ábel, Szilvia Andrássy, Virág Bencze-Kovács, Balázs Mór Plan – Budapest Mobility Plan,weblink 26, Centre for Budapest Transport, 2, The development of complex intelligent transportation system in the city is advancing; the application of smart traffic lights is widespread, they are GPS and computer controlled and give priority to the GPS connected public transport vehicles automatically, as well as the traffic is measured and analyzed on the roads and car drivers informed about the expected travel time and traffic by intelligent displays (EasyWay project).WEB,weblink Easyway project – Digital information, 23 September 2014, BKK Zrt., 24 October 2014, Public transport users are immediately notified of any changes in public transport online, on smartphones and on PIDS displays, as well car drivers can keep track of changes in traffic and road management in real-time online and on smartphones through the BKK Info.WEB,weblink BKK Info online (public transport), 28 October 2014, BKK Zrt., 28 October 2014, WEB,weblink BKK Info online (roads and road transport), 28 October 2014, BKK Zrt., 28 October 2014, As well all vehicles can be followed online and on smartphones in real-time throughout the city with the Futár PIDS system,WEB,weblink BKK Futár PIDS system online, 28 October 2014, BKK Zrt., 28 October 2014, while the continuous introducing of integrated e-ticket system will help the measurement of passenger numbers on each line and the intelligent control of service frequency.The development of Futár, the citywide real-time passenger information system and real-time route planner is finished already and now all of the public transport vehicle is connected via satellite system. The real-time information of trams, buses and trolleybuses are available for both the operators in the control room and for all the passengers in all stops on smartphone and on city street displays.WEB,weblink BKK has launched its FUTÁR Journey Planner app for web, smartphones and tablets, 23 September 2014, BKK Zrt., 24 October 2014, The implementation of latest generation automated fare collection and e-ticket system with NFC compatibility and reusable contactless smart cards for making electronic payments in online and offline systems in Budapest is started in 2014, the project is implemented and operated by the operator of Hong Kong Octopus card jointly with one of the leading European companies of e-ticket and automated fare collection, Scheidt & Bachmann.WEB,weblink Budapest signed the Contract Agreement for the Automated Fare Collection system, 8 October 2014, BKK Zrt., 24 October 2014, The deployment of 300 new digital contactless ticket vending machine will be finished by the end of 2014 in harmonization with the e-ticket system.WEB,weblink Purchase your ticket easier, 17 July 2014, BKK Zrt., 24 October 2014, (File:5-ös busz (MYK-372).jpg|alt=|thumb|A Volvo 7900A Hybrid in Budapest on Line 5 operated by BKK)The tram lines no. 4 and 6 are the busiest city tram lines in the world,WEB,weblink Putting the world's longest trams into service in Budapest, 1 April 2006,, 20 May 2014, with one of the world's longest trams (54-metre long Siemens Combino) running at 2–3 minute intervals at peak time and 4–5 minutes off-peak. Day services are usually from 4{{nbsp}}am until between 11{{nbsp}}pm and 0:30{{nbsp}}am. Hungarian State Railways operates an extensive network of commuter rail services, their importance in the suburban commuter passenger traffic is significant, but in travel within the city is limited.The organiser of public transport in Budapest is the municipal corporation Centre for Budapest Transport (Budapesti Közlekedési Központ – BKK), that is responsible for planning and organising network and services, planning and developing tariff concepts, attending to public service procurer duties, managing public service contracts, operating controlling and monitoring systems, setting and monitoring service level agreements related to public transport, attending to customer service duties, selling and monitoring tickets and passes, attending to integrated passenger information duties, unified Budapest-centric traffic control within public transport, attending to duties related to river navigation, plus the management of Budapest roads, operating taxi stations, unified control of bicycle traffic development in the capital, preparing parking strategy and developing an operational concept, preparation of road traffic management, developing an optimal traffic management system, organising and co-ordinating road reconstruction and more, in short, everything which is related to transport in the city.WEB,weblink Tasks & Responsibilities, Centre for Budapest Transport, 20 May 2014,

Roads and railways

File:Civertanmegyeri5.jpg|thumb|right|Megyeri Bridge on M0 highway ring road around Budapest]]File:Budapest-Keleti Pályaudvar - panoramio.jpg|alt=|thumb|Keleti Railway Station (Budapest East Central)]]Budapest is the most important Hungarian road terminus, all of the major highways and railways end within the city limits. The road system in the city is designed in a similar manner to that of Paris, with several ring roads, and avenues radiating out from the center. Ring road M0 around Budapest is nearly completed, with only one section missing on the west side due to local disputes. Currently the ring road is {{convert|80|km|0|abbr=off}} in length, and once finished it will be {{convert|107|km|0|abbr=out}} of highway in length.The city is a vital traffic hub because all major European roads and European railway lines lead to Budapest. The Danube was and is still today an important water-way and this region in the centre of the Carpathian Basin lies at the cross-roads of trade routes.Hungarian main line railways are operated by Hungarian State Railways. There are three main railway station in Budapest, Keleti (Eastern), Nyugati (Western) and Déli (Southern), operating both domestic and international rail services. Budapest is one of the main stops of the on its Central and Eastern European route.WEB, Venice Simplon-Orient-Express Destinations,weblink 23 September 2014, There is also a suburban rail service in and around Budapest, three lines of which are operated under the name HÉV.

Ports, shipping and others

The river Danube flows through Budapest on its way from Germany to the Black Sea. The river is easily navigable and so Budapest historically has a major commercial port at Csepel District and at New Pest District also. The Pest side is also a famous port place with international shipping ports for cargoWEB,weblink Budapest Freeport, 6 May 2011,, 20 May 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 21 May 2014, dmy, and for passenger ships.WEB,weblink Budapest cruise terminal, 2014,, 20 May 2014, In the summer months, a scheduled hydrofoil service operates on the Danube connecting the city to Vienna.BKK (through the operator BKV) also provides public transport with boat service within the borders of the city. Four routes, marked D11-14, connect the 2 banks with Margaret Island and Hajógyári-island, from Római fürdő (Buda side, North to Óbudai island) or Árpád Bridge (Pest side) to Rákóczi Bridge, with a total of 15 stops. In addition, several companies provides sightseeing boat trips and also an amphibious vehicle (bus and boat) operates constantly.Water quality in Budapest harbours improved dramatically in the recent years, treatment facilities processed 100% of generated sewage in 2010. Budapesters regularly kayak, canoe, jet-ski and sail on the Danube, which has continuously become a major recreational site for the city.Special vehicles in Budapest, besides metros, include suburban rails, trams and boats. There are a couple of less common vehicles in Budapest, like the trolleybus on several lines in Pest, the Castle Hill Funicular between the Chain Bridge and Buda Castle, the cyclecar for rent in Margaret Island, the chairlift, the Budapest Cog-wheel Railway and children's railway. The latter three vehicles run among Buda hills.File:Hungarian Academy of Sciences Budapest.jpg|thumb|200px|right|Hungarian Academy of Sciences seat in Budapest, founded in 1825 by Count István Széchenyi ]]

Culture and contemporary life

The culture of Budapest is reflected by Budapest's size and variety. Most Hungarian cultural movements first emerged in the city. Budapest is an important center for music, film, theatre, dance and visual art. Artists have been drawn into the city by opportunity, as the city government funds the arts with adequate financial resources.Budapest is the headquarters of the Hungarian LGBT community.Budapest was named "City of Design" in December 2015 and has been a member of UNESCO Creative Cities Network since then.NEWS,weblink Budapest was chosen as one of the most creative cities of the world by UNESCO (20 December 2015), 2016-01-15, Hungarian Intellectual Property Office, 2018-10-03, en,

Museums and galleries

{{multiple image|align = righttotal_width=380width1 = 5600 |height1 = 3675width2 = 1280 |height2 = 849width3 = 4592 |height3 = 3056width4 = 3500 |height4 = 2333Museum of Fine Arts (Budapest)>Museum of Fine Arts Budapest; Museum of Applied Arts; A view of the interior of the Aquincum Museum; Geological Museum of Budapest.}}Budapest is packed with museums and galleries, and there are plenty of temporary exhibitions in the most unlikely of settings, particularly in summer. The city glories in 223 museums and galleries, which presents several memories, not only the Hungarian historical, art and science ones, but also the memories of universal and European culture and science. Here are the greatest examples among them: the Hungarian National Museum, the Hungarian National Gallery, the Museum of Fine Arts (where can see the pictures of Hungarian painters, like Victor Vasarely, Mihály Munkácsy and a great collection about Italian art, Dutch art, Spanish art and British art from before the 19th century and French art, British art, German art, Austrian art after the 19th century), the House of Terror, the Budapest Historical Museum, the Aquincum Museum, the Memento Park, Museum of Applied Arts and the contemporary arts exhibition Palace of Arts Budapest.WEB,weblink Budapest Museums & Galleries,, 23 May 2014, In Budapest there are currently 837 different monuments, which represent the most of the European artistic style. The classical and unique Hungarian Art Nouveau buildings are prominent.


A lot of libraries have unique collections in Budapest, such as the National Széchenyi Library, which keeps historical relics from the age before the printing of books. The Metropolitan Szabó Ervin Library plays an important role in the general education of the capital's population. Other libraries: The Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Eötvös University Library, the Parliamentary Library, Library of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office and the National Library of Foreign Literature.

Opera and theatres

File:Hungarian State Opera House(PDXdj).jpg|thumb|right|Hungarian State Opera HouseHungarian State Opera HouseIn Budapest there are forty theatres, seven concert halls and an opera house.WEB, Theaters&Concert Halls,weblink, 2014, 23 May 2014, Outdoor festivals, concerts and lectures enrich the cultural offer of summer, which are often held in historical buildings. The largest theatre facilities are the Budapest Operetta and Musical Theatre, the József Attila Theatre, the Katona József Theatre, the Madách Theatre, the Hungarian State Opera House, the National Theatre, the Vigadó Concert Hall, Radnóti Miklós Theatre, the Comedy Theatre and the Palace of Arts, known as MUPA. The Budapest Opera Ball is an annual Hungarian society event taking place in the building of the Budapest Opera (Operaház) on the last Saturday of the carnival season, usually late February.WEB,weblink Short History of the Budapest Opera Ball,, February 2010, 23 May 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 6 November 2013,

Performing arts and festivals

{{Further|Music of Budapest}}File:Sziget Magyar Dal.jpg|thumb|left|Sziget Festival Budapest. One of the largest music festivals in Europe provides a multiculturalmulticulturalSeveral annual festivals take place in Budapest. The Sziget Festival is one of the largest outdoor music festival in Europe. The Budapest Spring Festival includes concerts at several venues across the city. The Café Budapest Contemporary Arts Festival (formerly the Budapest Autumn Festival) brings free music, dance, art, and other cultural events to the streets of the city. The Budapest Wine Festival and Budapest Pálinka Festival, occurring each May, are gastronomy festivals focusing on culinary pleasures. The Budapest Pride (or Budapest Pride Film and Cultural Festival) occurs annually across the city, and usually involves a parade on the Andrássy Avenue. Other festivals include the Budapest Fringe Festival, which brings more than 500 artists in about 50 shows to produce a wide range of works in alternative theatre, dance, music and comedy outside the mainstream. The LOW Festival is a multidisciplinary contemporary cultural festival held in Hungary in the cities Budapest and Pécs from February until March; the name of the festival alludes to the Low Countries, the region encompassing the Netherlands and Flanders. The Budapest Jewish Summer Festival, in late August, is one of the largest in Europe.There are many symphony orchestras in Budapest, with the Budapest Philharmonic Orchestra being the preeminent one. It was founded in 1853 by Ferenc Erkel and still presents regular concerts in the Hungarian State Opera House and National Theatre. Budapest also has one of the more active jazz scenes in Central Europe.NEWS,weblink The 15 Best Places for Jazz Music in Budapest, Foursquare, 2018-07-12, The dance tradition of the Carpathian Basin is a unique area of the European dance culture, which is also a special transition between the Balkans and Western Europe regions. The city is home to several authentic Hungarian folk dance ensembles which range from small ensembles to professional troupes. Budapest is one of the few cities in the world with a high school for learning folk dance.


Budapest is home to a fashion week twice a year, where the city's fashion designers and houses present their collections and provide a meeting place for the fashion industry representatives. Budapest Fashion Week additionally a place for designers from other countries may present their collections in Budapest. Hungarian models, like Barbara Palvin, Enikő Mihalik, Diána Mészáros, Viktória Vámosi usually appearing at these events along international participants.Fashion brands like Zara, H&M, Mango, ESPRIT, Douglas AG, Lacoste, Nike and other retail fashion brands are common across the city's shopping malls and on the streets.WEB, Shopping in Budapest,weblink, 6 July 2017, Major luxury fashion brands such as Roberto Cavalli, Dolce & Gabbana, Gucci, Versace, Ferragamo, Moschino, Prada and Hugo Boss, can be found among the city's most prestigious shopping streets, the Fashion Street, Váci Street and Andrássy Avenue in Budapest's main upscale fashion district, the Leopoldtown.


{{Further|Category:Media in Budapest|List of films shot in Budapest}}File:Szabadság Square, Stock Exchange Palacve.jpg|thumb|right|Hungarian Television seat in 2009 at Liberty square in District V ]]Budapest is a prominent location for the Hungarian entertainment industry, with many films, television series, books, and other media set there. Budapest is the largest centre for film and television production in Hungary. In 2011, it employed more than 50,000 people and generated 63.9% of revenues of the media industry in the country.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, 2017-12-02, Budapest: A great place for creative industry development?, Urbani izziv, February 2010, 26 May 2018, Budapest is the media centre of Hungary, and the location of the main headquarters of Hungarian Television and other local and national TV and radio stations, such as M1, M2, Duna TV, Duna World, RTL Klub, TV2 (Hungary), EuroNews, Comedy Central, MTV Hungary, VIVA Hungary, Viasat 3, Cool TV, and Pro4, and politics and news channels such as Hír TV, ATV, and Echo TV. Documentary channels include Discovery Channel, Discovery Science, Discovery World, National Geographic Channel, Nat Geo Wild, Spektrum, and BBC Entertainment. This is less than a quarter of the channels broadcast from Budapest; for the whole picture see Television in Hungary.In 2012, there were 7.2 million internet users in Hungary (72% of the population).Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012" {{webarchive|url= |date=29 March 2017 }}, Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013 and there were 2.3 million subscriptions for mobile broadband."Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.


{{Further|Hungarian cuisine}}In the modern age, Budapest developed its own peculiar cuisine, based on products of the nearby region, such as lamb, pork and vegetables special to the region. Modern Hungarian cuisine is a synthesis of ancient Asiatic components mixed with French, Germanic, Italian, and Slavic elements. The food of Hungary can be considered a melting pot of the continent, with a culinary base formed from its own, original Magyar cuisine. Considerable numbers of Saxons, Armenians, Italians, Jews and Serbs settled in the Hungarian basin and in Transylvania, also contributing with different new dishes. Elements of ancient Turkish cuisine were adopted during the Ottoman era, in the form of sweets (for example different nougats, like white nougat called törökméz), quince (birsalma), Turkish delight, Turkish coffee or rice dishes like pilaf, meat and vegetable dishes like the eggplant, used in eggplant salads and appetizers, stuffed peppers and stuffed cabbage called töltött káposzta. Hungarian cuisine was influenced by Austrian cuisine under the Austro-Hungarian Empire, dishes and methods of food preparation have often been borrowed from Austrian cuisine, and vice versa.WEB,weblink Food in Hungary,, 23 May 2014, Budapest restaurants reflect diversity, with menus carrying traditional regional cuisine, fusions of various culinary influences, or innovating in the leading edge of new techniques. Budapest' food shops also have a solid reputation for supplying quality specialised culinary products and supplies, reputations that are often built up over generations. These include many shops, such as Café Gerbeaud, one of the greatest and most traditional coffeehouses in Europe, or the Gundel restaurant and gastro shop in the City Park.Foodies can also find the highest quality foods served in several Michelin-starred restaurants, like Onyx, Costes, Borkonyha or Tanti.

In fiction

The 1906 novel The Paul Street Boys, the 1937 novel Journey by Moonlight, the 1957 book The Bridge at Andau, the 1975 novel Fateless, the 1977 novel The End of a Family Story, the 1986 book Between the Woods and the Water, the 1992 novel Under the Frog, the 1987 novel The Door, the 2002 novel Prague, the 2003 book Budapeste, the 2004 novel Ballad of the Whisky Robber, the 2005 novels Parallel Stories and The Historian, the 2012 novel Budapest Noir are set, amongst others, partly or entirely in Budapest. Some of the better known feature films set in Budapest are Kontroll, The District!, Ein Lied von Liebe und Tod, Sunshine, An American Rhapsody, As You Desire Me, The Good Fairy, Hanna's War, The Journey, Ladies in Love, Music Box, The Shop Around the Corner, Zoo in Budapest, Underworld, (Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol) and Spy. The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014) is a Wes Anderson film. It was filmed in Germany and set in the fictional Republic of Zubrowka which is in the alpine mountains of Hungary.


File:Groupama Arena Budapest (17267881892).jpg|right|thumb|Groupama Arena is where Ferencvárosi TC play their home games, and it is also the temporary home of the Hungarian national football teamHungarian national football teamFile:Hamilton Hungary 2015 Qual.jpg|right|thumb|Lewis Hamilton during the 2015 Hungarian Grand Prix on HungaroringHungaroring{{See also|Category:Sport in Budapest|Football in Hungary}}Budapest hosted many global sport event in the past, among others the 1994 IAAF World Cross Country Championships, 1997 World Amateur Boxing Championships, 2000 World Fencing Championships, 2001 World Allround Speed Skating Championships, Bandy World Championship 2004, 2008 World Interuniversity Games, 2008 World Modern Pentathlon Championships, 2010 ITU World Championship Series, 2011 IIHF World Championship, 2012 European Speed Skating Championships, 2013 World Fencing Championships, 2013 World Wrestling Championships, 2014 World Masters Athletics Championships, 2017 World Aquatics Championships, and 2017 World Judo Championships, only in the last two decade. Besides these, Budapest was the home of many European-level tournaments, like 2006 European Aquatics Championships, 2010 European Aquatics Championships, 2010 UEFA Futsal Championship, 2013 European Judo Championships, 2013 European Karate Championships and will be the host of 2023 World Championships in Athletics and 4 matches in the UEFA Euro 2020, which will be held in the 67,889-seat new multi-purpose Puskás Ferenc Stadium, to mention a few.In 2015 the Assembly of the Hungarian Olympic Committee and the Assembly of Budapest decided to bid for the 2024 Summer Olympics. Budapest has lost several bids to host the games, in 1916, 1920, 1936, 1944, and 1960 to Berlin, Antwerp, London, and Rome, respectively.WEB,weblink A MOB közgyűlése támogatja a budapesti olympic, 23 June 2015, 10 June 2015, Hungarian Olympic Committee (MOB), Hungarian, WEB,weblink A Olympics, 23 June 2015, Tenczer Gábor, 23 June 2015, Index (internetes újság), Index, Hungarian, The Hungarian Parliament also voted to support the bid on 28 January 2016, later Budapest City Council approved list of venues and Budapest became an official candidate for the 2024 Summer Olympic Games. However, they have recently withdrawn and only Paris and Los Angeles remain as candidates for the 2024 Olympics.Numerous Olympic, World, and European Championship winners and medalists reside in the city, which follows from Hungary's 8th place among all the nations of the world in the All-time Olympic Games medal table.Hungarians have always been avid sports people: during the history of the Summer Olympic Games, Hungarians have brought home 476 medals, of which 167 are gold. The top events in which Hungarians have excelled are fencing, swimming, water polo, canoeing, wrestling and track & field sports. Beside classic sports, recreational modern sports such as bowling, pool billiard, darts, go-carting, wakeboarding and squash are very popular in Budapest, and extreme sports are also gaining ground. Furthermore, the Budapest Marathon and Budapest Half Marathon also attract many people every year. The city's largest football stadium is named after Ferenc Puskás, recognised as the top scorer of the 20th century and for whom FIFA's Puskás Award (Ballon d'Or) was named.PRESS RELEASE,weblink FIFA introduces new FIFA Puskás Award to honour the "goal of the year",, 15 September 2011, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 29 August 2011, dmy-all, One of Budapest's most popular sport is football and it has many Hungarian League football club, including in the top level Nemzeti Bajnokság I league, like Ferencvárosi TC (29 Hungarian League titles), MTK Budapest FC (23 titles), Újpest FC (20 titles), Budapest Honvéd FC (13 titles), Vasas SC (6 titles), Csepel SC (4 titles), Budapesti TC (2 titles).The Hungarian Grand Prix in Formula One has been held at the Hungaroring just outside the city, which circuit has FIA Grade 1 license.WEB,weblink LIST OF FIA LICENSED CIRCUITS, 6 February 2015, FIA, 28 May 2015, Since 1986, the race has been a round of the FIA Formula One World Championship. At the 2013 Hungarian Grand Prix, it was confirmed that Hungary will continue to host a Formula 1 race until 2021.WEB, Hungarian Grand Prix deal extended until 2021, GP Today,weblink 6 January 2015, The track was completely resurfaced for the first time in early 2016, and it was announced the Grand Prix's deal was extended for a further 5 years, until 2026.WEB, Aszfaltavató a Hungaroringen, hu,weblink Hungaroring, "A Magyar Nagydíj szerződését újabb öt évvel meghosszabbítottuk, ami azt jelenti, hogy a futamunknak 2026-ig helye van a Formula–1-es versenynaptárban." Translates as "We have extended the Hungarian Grand Prix's contract for a further 5 years, which means that our race has a place on the F1 calendar until 2026.", 14 April 2016, 15 April 2016,


{{See also|Education in Hungary}}File:Budapest, Műszaki Egyetem.jpg|thumb|right|Main Building of the Budapest University of Technology and EconomicsBudapest University of Technology and EconomicsFile:Iskola-Lotz3.JPG|thumb|right|Rector's Council Hall of Budapest Business SchoolBudapest Business SchoolFile:Liszt Ferenc Zeneművészeti Egyetem 2013-ban felújított homlokzata.JPG|thumb|right|Main Building of the Liszt Ferenc Academy of MusicLiszt Ferenc Academy of MusicBudapest is home to over 35 higher education institutions, many of which are universities. Under the Bologna Process, many offered qualifications are recognised in countries across Europe. Medicine, dentistry, pharmaceuticals, veterinary programs, and engineering are among the most popular fields for foreigners to undertake in Budapest. Most universities in Budapest offer courses in English, as well as in other languages like German, French, and Dutch, aimed specifically at foreigners. Many students from other European countries spend one or two semesters in Budapest through the Erasmus Programme.WEB,weblink Study in Hungary – a guide for international students in Budapest, Blog for expats & International students in Budapest, Hungary, 2016, 15 March 2018, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 2 October 2015, dmy-all, {|class="wikitable sortable" style="margin:0 0 0.5em 1em; text-align:center; font-size:90%;"List of universities in Hungary>Universities in Budapest!Name!Established!City!Type!Students!Academic staffBudapest Business School>Public university>Public Business school16,905987Szent István University>Public university>Public University>|1,313Budapest University of Technology and Economics>Public university>Public Institute of technology21,171961Corvinus University of Budapest>Corvinus University1920BudapestPublic university Business school>|867Eötvös Loránd University>Public university>Public University>|1,800Hungarian University of Fine Arts>Public university>Public Art school652232Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music>Public university>Public Music school831168Moholy-Nagy University of Art and Design>Public university>Public Art school894122National University of Public Service>Ludovica Military Academy>1808BudapestPublic university University>Classic university10,800465Óbuda University>Public university>Public Institute of technology12,888421Semmelweis University>Public university>Public Medical school10,8801,230University of Physical EducationGimnastika Universitato de BudapeŝtoTestnevelési Egyetem}}1925BudapestPublic university University>Classic university2,500220Academy of Drama and Film in Budapest>Public university>Public Art school455111Andrássy University Budapest>Private university>Private University>|51Aquincum Institute of Technology>Private university>Private Institute of technology5041Budapest College of Communication and Business>Budapest Metropolitan University2001BudapestPrivate university University>Classic university8,000350Budapest University of Jewish Studies>Private university>Private Religious education>|60Central European University>Private university>Private University>|399International Business School, Budapest>International Business School1991BudapestPrivate university Business school>|155Károli Gáspár University of the Hungarian Reformed Church>Károli Gáspár University of Reformed Church1855BudapestPrivate university University>Classic university4,301342Pázmány Péter Catholic University>Private university>Private University>|736Evangelical-Lutheran Theological UniversityLuterana Teologia UniversitatoUniversité théologique évangélique luthérienneEvangélikus Hittudományi EgyetemEvangelički-luteranski teološki univerzitet u Budimpešti}}1557BudapestPrivate university Religious education>Theological university22036

Notable people

International relations

Budapest has quite a few sister cities and many partner cities around the world.WEB,weblink Budapest – Testvérvárosok, 14 August 2013, Budapest Főváros Önkormányzatának hivatalos oldala [Official site of the Municipality of Budapest], Hungarian, Budapest – Twin Cities,weblink" title="">weblink 9 August 2013, dead, dmy-all, Like Budapest, many of them are the most influential and largest cities of their country and region, most of them are the primate city and political, economical, cultural capital of their country.The Mayor of Budapest says the aim of improving sister city relationships is to allow and encourage a mutual exchange of information and experiences, as well as co-operation, in the areas of city management, education, culture, tourism, media and communication, trade and business development.WEB,weblink Budapest to Sign Sister City Agreement with Beijing, 25 April 2014, dead,weblink 27 April 2014,

Historic sister cities

{|class="wikitable" valign="top"|
  • {{flagicon|USA}} New York City (USA) 1992WEB, NYC's Sister Cities, Sister City Program of the City of New York, 2006,weblink 1 September 2008,weblink" title="">weblink 29 April 2011, dead, dmy, WEB,weblink NYC's Partner Cities, The City of New York, 16 December 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 14 August 2013, WEB, Sister City – Budapest, Official website of New York City,weblink 14 May 2008,weblink" title="">weblink 25 May 2011, dead, dmy,
  • {{flagicon|USA}} Fort Worth (USA) 1990WEB,weblink Budapest, Hungary,, 12 March 2016,
  • {{flagicon|PRC}} Shanghai (China) 2013WEB,weblink Sanghaj is Budapest testvérvárosa let,, 29 August 2013,
  • {{flagicon|PRC}} Beijing (China) 2005WEB,weblink Sister Cities, Beijing Municipal Government, 23 June 2009,
  • {{flagicon|IRN}} Tehran (Iran) 2015WEB,weblink Budapest To Sign Twin-City Agreement With Tehran, Hungary Today, 12 March 2016,
  • {{flagicon|GER}} Berlin (Germany) 1992WEB,weblink Berlin – City Partnerships, 17 September 2013, Der Regierende Bürgermeister Berlin,weblink" title="">weblink 21 May 2013, dead, dmy, WEB,weblink Berlin's international city relations, Berlin Mayor's Office, 1 July 2009,weblink" title="">weblink 22 August 2008, dead, dmy,
  • {{flagicon|GER}} Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 1990WEB,weblink Frankfurt am Main: Budapest,, 27 July 2018,
  • {{flagicon|AUT}} Vienna (Austria) 1990WEB,weblink These World Cities Are Filled With History, 21 November 2013,,
  • {{flagicon|POR}} Lisbon (Portugal) 1992WEB,weblink Lisboa – Geminações de Cidades e Vilas, 23 August 2013, Associação Nacional de Municípios Portugueses [National Association of Portuguese Municipalities], Portuguese, Lisbon – Twinning of Cities and Towns, WEB,weblink Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa, 23 August 2013, Camara Municipal de Lisboa, Portuguese, Lisbon – Twinning Agreements, Cooperation and Friendship, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 31 October 2013, dmy,
  • {{flagicon|ISR}} Tel Aviv (Israel) 1989WEB,weblink Tel Aviv sister cities, 1 July 2009, Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality, Hebrew, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 14 February 2009, dmy-all,
  • {{flagicon|CRO}} Zagreb (Croatia) 1994WEB,weblink Intercity and International Cooperation of the City of Zagre b, 2006–2009 City of Zagreb, 23 June 2009,
  • {{flagicon|BIH}} Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 1995WEB,weblink Sarajevo Official Web Site : Fraternity cities, daenet d.o.o.,, 12 March 2016,
  • {{flagicon|ITA}} Florence (Italy) 2008WEB,weblink City Partnerships and Projects of cooperation, 25 April 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 27 April 2014,

Partnerships around the world

{|class="wikitable" valign="top"|
  • {{flagicon|CZE}} Prague (Czech Republic) 2010WEB,weblink Partnerská mÄ›sta HMP, 5 August 2013, 18 July 2013, Portál "Zahraniční vztahy" [Portal "Foreign Affairs"], Czech, Prague – Twin Cities HMP,weblink" title="">weblink 25 June 2013, dead, dmy,
  • {{flagicon|NED}} Rotterdam (Netherlands) 1991WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2014-04-25, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 24 September 2015, dmy-all,
  • {{flagicon|POL}} Warsaw (Poland) 2005WEB,weblink Cities: Sister Cities (How many?) (rates, places, America, Los Angeles) – City vs. City – City-Data Forum,, 12 March 2016,
  • {{flagicon|POL}} Kraków (Poland) 2005WEB,weblink Kraków – Miasta Partnerskie, 10 August 2013, Miejska Platforma Internetowa Magiczny Kraków, Polish, Kraków -Partnership Cities,weblink" title="">weblink 2 July 2013, dead, dmy,
  • {{flagicon|THA}} Bangkok (Thailand) 2007Sister Cities Week in Bangkok
  • {{flagicon|INA}} Jakarta (Indonesia) 2009WEB,weblink Dr. Gábor Bagdy, Vice Mayor of Budapest,,
  • {{flagicon|KOR}} Daejeon (South Korea) {{webarchive|url= |date=19 November 2009 }}
  • {{flagicon|ITA}} Naples (Italy) 1993WEB,weblink Comune di Napoli-Gemellaggi, 8 August 2013, Vacca, Maria Luisa, Comune di Napoli, Naples – Twin Towns, Italian,weblink" title="">weblink 22 July 2013, dead, dmy,
  • {{flagicon|TUR}} Istanbul (Turkey) 1985WEB,weblink Sister Cities of Istanbul – All About Istanbul, Burak Sansal,, 12 March 2016,
  • {{flagicon|TUR}} Ä°zmir (Turkey) 1985
  • {{flagicon|TUR}} Gaziantep (Turkey) 2010
  • {{flagicon|TUR}} Ankara (Turkey) 2015WEB,weblink Ankara'nın yeni kardeÅŸi BudapeÅŸte, 27 February 2015, 26 February 2015, Hürriyet, Turkish,
  • {{flagicon|IRN}} Tehran (Iran) 2009
  • {{flagicon|BUL}} Sofia (Bulgaria) 2009
  • {{flagicon|LIT}} Vilnius (Lithuania) 2000WEB,weblink Welcome to Vilnius,, 12 March 2016, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 26 April 2014, dmy-all,
  • {{flagicon|SVK}} KoÅ¡ice (Slovakia) 1997WEB,weblink Twin cities of the City of Kosice, 27 July 2013, Magistrát mesta KoÅ¡ice, Tr.,weblink" title="">weblink 5 November 2013, dead, dmy-all,
  • {{flagicon|UKR}} Lviv (Ukraine) 1993WEB,weblink Новини ЛМР, ru, 17 June 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 18 August 2010,
Some of the city's districts are also twinned to small cities or districts of other big cities; for details see the article List of districts and towns in Budapest.

See also







  • BOOK, Budapest: Eyewitness Travel Guildes, DK Travel, 2007, 978-0-7566-2435-4,
  • BOOK, Annabel, Barber, Visible Cities Budapest: A City Guide, Somerset, 2004, 978-963-212-986-0,
  • BOOK, Krisztian, Ungvary, The Siege of Budapest: One Hundred Days in World War II, Yale University Press, 2006, 978-0-300-11985-5,
  • BOOK, Molnar, Miklos, A Concise History of Hungary, Cambridge Concise Histories, 2001, Cambridge University Press, 978-0-521-66736-4,
  • Fallon, Steve (2016), Boston, Massachusetts,weblink

External links

{{Sister project links|voy=Budapest}} {{Budapest}}{{Geographic location|Centre = Budapest|N = Dunakeszi|NE = FótMogyoródKistarcsa|E = Pécel|SE = VecsésGyál|S = Dunaharaszti|SW = Érd|W = BudakesziBudaörs|NW = Solymár}}{{Municipalities in Budapest Metropolitan Area}}{{World Heritage Sites in Hungary}}{{Regional capitals of Hungary}}{{Principal cities of Hungary}}{{European Capital of Sport}}{{Hungary's most flowery settlements}}{{List of European capitals by region}}{{Capital cities of the European Union}}{{Danube}}{{Authority control}}

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