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{{About|the term LGBT|the history of the movement|LGBT history|the people|LGBT community|the Cupcakke song|Audacious (album)|other topics|Outline of LGBT topics}}{{Pp-semi-protected|small=yes}}{{short description|Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons}}







factoids
NEWS,weblink
author=Eli Rosenbergdate=June 24, 2016PUBLISHER=NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, April 21, 2016, }}{{LGBT sidebar|all}}File:Gay flag.svg|thumb|261x261px|A six-band rainbow flagrainbow flag{{dfn|LGBT}} (or {{dfn|GLBT}}) is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the term is an adaptation of the initialism {{dfn|LGB}}, which was used to replace the term gay in reference to the LGBT community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s.Acronyms, Initialisms & Abbreviations Dictionary, Volume 1, Part 1. Gale Research Co., 1985, {{ISBN|978-0-8103-0683-7}}.Factsheet five, Issues 32–36, Mike Gunderloy, 1989 Activists believed that the term gay community did not accurately represent all those to whom it referred.The initialism has become adopted into the mainstream as an umbrella term for use when labeling topics pertaining to sexuality and gender identity. For example, the LGBT Movement Advancement Project termed community centres, which have services specific to those member of the LGBT community, as "LGBT community centers", in a comprehensive studies of such centres around the United States.WEB, Centerlink, 2008 Community Center Survey Report,weblink LGBT Movement Advancement Project, August 29, 2008, The initialism LGBT is intended to emphasize a diversity of sexuality and gender identity-based cultures. It may be used to refer to anyone who is non-heterosexual or non-cisgender, instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant adds the letter Q for those who identify as queer or are questioning their sexual identity; {{dfn|LGBTQ}} has been recorded since 1996.BOOK,weblink The Santa Cruz County in-queery, Volume 9, Santa Cruz Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgendered Community Center, 1996, 2008-11-01, 2011-10-23, page 690WEB,weblink February 19, 2018, Washington Post, Civilities, What does the acronym LGBTQ stand for?, Those who add intersex people to LGBT groups or organizing use an extended initialism {{dfn|LGBTI}}.William L. Maurice, Marjorie A. Bowman, Sexual medicine in primary care, Mosby Year Book, 1999, {{ISBN|978-0-8151-2797-0}} The two acronyms are sometimes combined to form the terms {{dfn|LGBTIQ}}WEB,weblink Trans Women March for Their Rights in Conservative Indonesia, Siddharta, Amanda, April 28, 2019, VOA, en, April 28, 2019, or {{dfn|LGBT+}} to encompass spectrums of sexuality and gender.WEB,weblink Armenia's LGBT+ community still waits for change one year after revolution, Vikhrov, Natalie, April 26, 2019, Thomson Reuters Foundation, April 28, 2019, Other, less common variants also exist, motivated by a desire for inclusivity, including those over twice as long which have prompted criticism.JOURNAL, Parent, Mike C., DeBlaere, Cirleen, Moradi, Bonnie, June 2013, Approaches to Research on Intersectionality: Perspectives on Gender, LGBT, and Racial/Ethnic Identities, Sex Roles, 68, 11–12, 639–645, 10.1007/s11199-013-0283-2,

History of the term

{{Too few opinions|section|date=September 2018|discuss=Talk:LGBT#History of Term}}File:Palco BolognaPride08.jpg|thumb|upright=1.1|LGBT publications, pride parades, and related events, such as this stage at (Bologna]] Pride 2008 in Italy, increasingly drop the LGBT initialism instead of regularly adding new letters, and dealing with issues of placement of those letters within the new title.Cahill, Sean, and Bryan Kim-Butler. "Policy priorities for the LGBT community: Pride Survey 2006." New York, NY: National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (2006).)The first widely used term, homosexual, now carries negative connotations.Media Reference Guide (citing AP, NY Times, Washington Post style guides), GLAAD. Retrieved 10 May 2007. It was replaced by homophile in the 1950s and 1960s,BOOK, Minton, Henry, Departing from Deviance, University of Chicago Press, 2002, 978-0-226-53043-7,weblink 2009-01-01, {{Dubious |Challenging the history of the term |reason=The term "homophile" was little used and never replaced "homosexual". |date=July 2017}} and subsequently gay in the 1970s; the latter term was adopted first by the homosexual community.BOOK, Ross, E. Wayne, The Social Studies Curriculum: Purposes, Problems, and Possibilities, SUNY Press, 2006, 978-0-7914-6909-5,weblink {{ill|Lars Ullerstam|sv}} promoted use of the term sexual minority in the 1960s, as an analogy to the term ethnic minority for non-whites.BOOK, Ullerstam, Lars, The Erotic Minorities: A Swedish View, 1967,weblink 12 March 2015, As lesbians forged more public identities, the phrase "gay and lesbian" became more common. A dispute as to whether the primary focus of their political aims should be feminism or gay rights led to the dissolution of some lesbian organizations, including the Daughters of Bilitis, which disbanded in 1970 following disputes over which goal should take precedence.JOURNAL, Esterberg, Kristen, 1994, From Accommodation to Liberation: A Social Movement Analysis of Lesbians in the Homophile Movement, Gender and Society, 8, 3, 424–443, 10.1177/089124394008003008, As equality was a priority for lesbian feminists, disparity of roles between men and women or butch and femme were viewed as patriarchal. Lesbian feminists eschewed gender role play that had been pervasive in bars, as well as the perceived chauvinism of gay men; many lesbian feminists refused to work with gay men, or take up their causes.Faderman, Lillian (1991). Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers: A History of Lesbian Life in Twentieth Century America, Penguin Books. {{ISBN|0-14-017122-3}}, p. 210–211.Lesbians who held the essentialist view, that they had been born homosexual and used the descriptor "lesbian" to define sexual attraction, often considered the separatist opinions of lesbian-feminists to be detrimental to the cause of gay rights.Faderman (1991), p. 217–218. Bisexual and transgender people also sought recognition as legitimate categories within the larger minority community.NEWS, Swain, Keith W., Gay Pride Needs New Direction, Denver Post, 21 June 2007,weblink 2008-07-05, After the elation of change following group action in the 1969 Stonewall riots in New York City, in the late 1970s and the early 1980s, some gays and lesbians became less accepting of bisexual or transgender people.BOOK, Leli, Ubaldo, Jack, Drescher, Transgender Subjectivities: A Clinician's Guide, Haworth Press, 2005, 978-0-7890-2576-0,weblink BOOK, Alexander, Jonathan, Karen, Yescavage, Bisexuality and Transgenderism: InterSEXions of The Others, Haworth Press, 2004, 978-1-56023-287-2,weblink Critics{{like whom|date=September 2018}} said that transgender people were acting out stereotypes and bisexuals were simply gay men or lesbian women who were afraid to come out and be honest about their identity. Each community has struggled to develop its own identity including whether, and how, to align with other gender and sexuality-based communities, at times excluding other subgroups; these conflicts continue to this day. LGBTQ activists and artists have created posters to raise consciousness about the issue since the movement began.WEB,weblink Center for the Study of Political Graphics, 1 October 2016, Out of the Closet and Into the Streets, From about 1988, activists began to use the initialism LGBT in the United States.Research, policy and practice: Annual meeting, American Educational Research Association Verlag AERA, 1988. Not until the 1990s within the movement did gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people gain equal respect. This spurred some organizations to adopt new names, as the GLBT Historical Society did in 1999. Although the LGBT community has seen much controversy regarding universal acceptance of different member groups (bisexual and transgender individuals, in particular, have sometimes been marginalized by the larger LGBT community), the term LGBT has been a positive symbol of inclusion.BOOK, Shankle, Michael D., The Handbook of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Public Health: A Practitioner's Guide To Service, Haworth Press, 2006, 978-1-56023-496-8,weblink Despite the fact that LGBT does not nominally encompass all individuals in smaller communities (see Variants below), the term is generally accepted to include those not specifically identified in the four-letter initialism. Overall, the use of the term LGBT has, over time, largely aided in bringing otherwise marginalized individuals into the general community. Transgender actress Candis Cayne in 2009 described the LGBT community "the last great minority", noting that "We can still be harassed openly" and be "called out on television".NEWS, I Advocate..., March 2009, The Advocate (LGBT magazine), The Advocate, Issue #1024, 80, In response to years of lobbying from users and LGBT groups to eliminate discrimination, the online social networking service Facebook, in February 2014, widened its choice of gender variants for users.{{relevance inline|date=May 2019}}NEWS,weblink Facebook expands gender options: transgender activists hail 'big advance', 14 February 2014, The Guardian, 21 May 2014, NEWS,weblink Confused by Facebook's new gender options? Here's what they mean., Caitlin, Dewey, 14 February 2014, Washington Post, 21 May 2014, WEB,weblink Facebook celebrates LGBT Pride with rainbow profile picture function, Nicole Morley, 26 June 2015, Metro, In 2016, GLAAD's Media Reference Guide states that LGBTQ is the preferred initialism, being more inclusive of younger members of the communities who embrace queer as a self-descriptor.WEB, Ring, Trudy, Expanding the Acronym: GLAAD Adds the Q to LGBT,weblink Advocate, 30 October 2016, 2016-10-26, However, some people consider queer to be a derogatory term originating in hate speech and reject it, especially among older members of the community.BOOK, Nadal, Kevin, The SAGE Encyclopedia of Psychology and Gender,weblink 3 January 2019, 15 April 2017, SAGE Publications, Thousand Oaks, California, 978-1-4833-8427-6, 1384, 994139871,

Variants

General

File:Plaza de Mayo LGBT.jpg|thumb|left|upright=1.1|2010 pride parade in Plaza de Mayo, Buenos AiresBuenos AiresMany variants exist including variations that change the order of the letters; LGBT or GLBT are the most common terms. Although identical in meaning, LGBT may have a more feminist connotation than GLBT as it places the "L" (for "lesbian") first. LGBT may also include additional Qs for "queer" or "questioning" (sometimes abbreviated with a question mark and sometimes used to mean anybody not literally L, G, B or T) producing the variants "LGBTQ" and "{{dfn|LGBTQQ}}".BOOK, Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K., In-Between Bodies: Sexual Difference, Race, and Sexuality, SUNY Press, 2007, 978-0-7914-7221-7,weblink BOOK, Alder, Christine, Anne, Worrall, Girls' Violence: Myths and Realities, SUNY Press, 2004, 978-0-7914-6110-5,weblink BOOK, Cherland, Meredith Rogers, Helen J., Harper, Advocacy Research in Literacy Education: Seeking Higher Ground, Routledge, 2007, 978-0-8058-5056-7,weblink In the United Kingdom, it is sometimes stylized as "{{dfn|LGB&T}}",NEWS, Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender couples urged to research honeymoon destinations,weblink 14 April 2015, International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association, 26 September 2014, WEB, The National LGB&T Partnership,weblink The National LGB&T Partnership, 14 April 2015, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150525203730weblink">weblink 25 May 2015, whilst the Green Party of England and Wales uses the term LGBTIQ in its manifesto and official publications.WEB,weblink Green Party LGBT Group Website, Lgbtiq-greens.greenparty.org.uk, 17 May 2011, 25 May 2011, WEB, EQUALITY FOR ALL,weblink Green Party of England and Wales, 3 May 2015, NEWS, Duffy, Nick, Green Party wants every teacher to be trained to teach LGBTIQ issues,weblink 3 May 2015, PinkNews, 1 May 2015, The order of the letters has not been standardized; in addition to the variations between the positions of the initial "L" or "G", the mentioned, less common letters, if used, may appear in almost any order. Longer initialisms based on LGBT are sometimes referred to as "alphabet soup".WEB,weblink LGBTQQIAAP - 'Alphabet Soup 101', PugetSoundOff.org,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20141009110256weblink">weblink October 2014, dead, 6 October 2014, WEB,weblink No More Alphabet Soup, The Huffington Post, 18 July 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150203014445weblink">weblink 3 February 2015, live, Linda, DeMarco, Sylvain, Bruni, 1st pub. 18 May 2012, 1527958, Variant terms do not typically represent political differences within the community, but arise simply from the preferences of individuals and groups.BOOK, Brown, Catrina, Tod, Augusta-Scott, Narrative Therapy: Making Meaning, Making Lives, Sage Publications Inc, 2006, 978-1-4129-0988-4,weblink The terms pansexual, omnisexual, fluid and queer-identified are regarded as falling under the umbrella term bisexual (and therefore are considered a part of the bisexual community).Some use LGBT+ to mean "LGBT and related communities". LGBTQIA is sometimes used and adds "queer, intersex, and asexual" to the basic term.WEB, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Intersex, Asexual Resource Center,weblink University of California, Davis, 2017-01-20, September 21, 2015,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170202112709weblink">weblink February 2, 2017, dead, Other variants may have a "U" for "unsure"; a "C" for "curious"; another "T" for "transvestite"; a "TS", or "2" for "two-spirit" persons; or an "SA" for "straight allies".BOOK, Lebaron, Sarah, Jessica, Pecsenye, Becerra, Roland, Jon, Skindzier, Oberlin College: Oberlin, Ohio, College Prowler, Inc, 2005, 978-1-59658-092-3,weblink BOOK, Chen, Edith Wen-Chu, Glenn, Omatsu, Teaching about Asian Pacific Americans: Effective Activities, Strategies, and Assignments for Classrooms and Communities (Critical Perspectives on Asian Pacific Americans), Rowman & Littlefield, 2006, 978-0-7425-5338-5,weblink BOOK, Babb, Florence E., After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua, University of Texas Press, 2001, 978-0-292-70900-3,weblink BOOK, Padilla, Yolanda C., Gay and Lesbian Rights Organizing: Community-based Strategies, Haworth Press, 2003, 978-1-56023-275-9,weblink BOOK, Swigonski, Mary E., Robin S., Mama, Kelly, Ward, Matthew, Shepard, From Hate Crimes to Human Rights: A Tribute to Matthew Shepard, Haworth Press, 2001, 978-1-56023-257-5,weblink However, the inclusion of straight allies in the LGBT acronym has proven controversial as many straight allies have been accused of using LGBT advocacy to gain popularity and status in recent years,JOURNAL, Becker, Ron, Gay-Themed Television and the Slumpy Class: The Affordable, Multicultural Politics of the Gay Nineties, Television & New Media, 2006, 7, 184–215, 10.1177/1527476403255830, 2, 1527-4764, and various LGBT activists have criticised the heteronormative worldview of certain straight allies.JOURNAL, DeTurk, Sara, Allies in Action: The Communicative Experiences of People Who Challenge Social Injustice on Behalf of Others, Communication Quarterly, 2011, 59, 5, 569–590, 10.1080/01463373.2011.614209, 0146-3373, Some may also add a "P" for "polyamorous", an "H" for "HIV-affected", or an "O" for "other".BOOK, O'Rourke, P. J., Peace Kills: America's Fun New Imperialism, Grove Press, 2001, 978-0-8021-4198-9,weblink Furthermore, the initialism {{dfn|LGBTIH}} has seen use in India to encompass the hijra third gender identity and the related subculture.WEB, Gurjar, Kaumudi, Maiden stage act by city's LGBT face gets censor's chop,weblink punemirror.in, Pune Mirror, 22 December 2014, WEB, McCusker, Ros, Gay Leeds â€” Your comprehensive guide to all things gay in Leeds,weblink gayleeds.com, 22 December 2014, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150109003322weblink">weblink 9 January 2015, The initialism {{dfn|LGBTTQQIAAP}} (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, transsexual, queer, questioning, intersex, asexual, ally, pansexual) has also resulted, although such initialisms are sometimes criticized for being confusing and leaving some people out, as well as issues of placement of the letters within the new title. However, adding the term "allies" to the initialism has sparked controversy,WEB, Kelly, Morgan, Adding 'allies' to LGBT acronym sparks controversy,weblink iowastatedaily.com, Iowa State Daily, 29 December 2014, with some seeing the inclusion of "ally" in place of "asexual" as a form of asexual erasure.WEB, Richard, Katherine, Column: "A" stands for asexuals and not allies,weblink loyolamaroon.com, The Maroon, 29 December 2014,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20131206150654weblink">weblink 6 December 2013, That "A" is not for allies[,] [t]hat "A" is for asexuals. [...] Much like bisexuality, asexuality suffers from erasure., dead, There is also the acronym {{dfn|QUILTBAG}} (queer and questioning, intersex, lesbian, transgender and two-spirit, bisexual, asexual and ally, and gay and genderqueer).WEB,weblink Reaching into the QUILTBAG: The Evolving World of Queer Speculative Fiction, Apex Magazine, 6 October 2014, 2012-03-06, {{anchor|LGBTIQA+}} Similarly {{dfn|LGBTIQA+}} stands for "lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, queer/questioning, asexual and many other terms (such as non-binary and pansexual)".WEB,weblink What does LGBTIQA+ mean, University, La Trobe, www.latrobe.edu.au, en, 13 October 2018, In Canada, the community is sometimes identified as LGBTQ2 (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and Two Spirit).WEB,weblink Government of Canada initiatives to support LGBTQ2 communities and promote diversity and inclusion, 28 November 2017, JUSTIN TRUDEAU, PRIME MINISTER OF CANADA, 8 January 2019, Depending on the which organization is using the acronym the choice of acronym changes. Businesses and the CBC often simply employ "LGBT" as a proxy for any longer acronym, private activist groups often employ LGBTQ+,WEB,weblink Rainbow Refugee, 8 January 2019, whereas public health providers favour the more inclusive LGBT2Q+ to accommodate twin spirited indigenous peoples.WEB, LGBT2Q+,weblink www.vch.ca, For a time the Pride Toronto organization used the much lengthier acronym {{dfn|LGBTTIQQ2SA}}, but appears to have dropped this in favour of simpler wording.NEWS, Szklarski, Cassandra, Is it time to drop LGBTQ's 'infinitely expanding alphabet' for something simpler? {{!, CBC News |url=https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/lgbtq-queer-sexual-diversity-pride-labels-acronym-1.3661094 |accessdate=8 January 2019 |work=CBC |publisher=CBC |date=2016-07-02 |language=en}}

Transgender inclusion

The term trans* has been adopted by some groups as a more inclusive alternative to "transgender", where trans (without the asterisk) has been used to describe trans men and trans women, while trans* covers all non-cisgender (genderqueer) identities, including transgender, transsexual, transvestite, genderqueer, genderfluid, non-binary, genderfuck, genderless, agender, non-gendered, third gender, two-spirit, bigender, and trans man and trans woman.NEWS,weblink What Does Trans* Mean, and Where Did It Come From?', Hugh, Ryan, 10 January 2014, Slate (magazine), Slate, 21 May 2014, WEB,weblink Glossary of Transgender Terms, 14 February 2014, Vaden Health Center Stanford University, 21 May 2014, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140521105407weblink">weblink 21 May 2014, Likewise, the term transsexual commonly falls under the umbrella term transgender, but some transsexual people object to this.When not inclusive of transgender people, the shorter term LGB is used instead of LGBT.BOOK, Bohan, Janis S., Psychology and Sexual Orientation: Coming to Terms, Routledge, 1996, 978-0-415-91514-4,weblink

Intersex inclusion

The relationship of intersex to lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans, and queer communities is complex,JOURNAL, Dreger, Alice, Reasons to Add and Reasons NOT to Add "I" (Intersex) to LGBT in Healthcare, 4 May 2015,weblink Association of American Medical Colleges, 18 May 2016, but intersex people are often added to the LGBT category to create an LGBTI community. Some intersex people prefer the initialism LGBTI, while others would rather that they not be included as part of the term.BOOK, Aragon, Angela Pattatuchi, Challenging Lesbian Norms: Intersex, Transgender, Intersectional, and Queer Perspectives, Haworth Press, 2006, 978-1-56023-645-0,weblink 2008-07-05, BOOK, Makadon, Harvey J., Kenneth H., Mayer, Jennifer, Potter, Hilary, Goldhammer, The Fenway Guide to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health, ACP Press, 2008, 978-1-930513-95-2,weblink LGBTI is used in all parts of "The Activist's Guide" of the Yogyakarta Principles in Action.WEB,weblink Yogyakarta Principles in Action, Activist's Guide, Ypinaction.org, 2011-10-23, Emi Koyama describes how inclusion of intersex in LGBTI can fail to address intersex-specific human rights issues, including creating false impressions "that intersex people's rights are protected" by laws protecting LGBT people, and failing to acknowledge that many intersex people are not LGBT.WEB, Koyama, Emi, Adding the "I": Does Intersex Belong in the LGBT Movement?, Intersex Initiative,weblink 18 May 2016, Organisation Intersex International Australia states that some intersex individuals are same sex attracted, and some are heterosexual, but "LGBTI activism has fought for the rights of people who fall outside of expected binary sex and gender norms."WEB, Intersex for allies,weblink 21 November 2012, 18 May 2016, OII releases new resource on intersex issues {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140606202143weblink |date=2014-06-06 }}, Intersex for allies and Making services intersex inclusive by Organisation Intersex International Australia, via Gay News Network, 2 June 2014. Julius Kaggwa of SIPD Uganda has written that, while the gay community "offers us a place of relative safety, it is also oblivious to our specific needs".NEWS, 0261-3077, Kaggwa, Julius, I'm an intersex Ugandan – life has never felt more dangerous, The Guardian, 2016-10-03, September 19, 2016,weblink Numerous studies have shown higher rates of same sex attraction in intersex people,{{Citation| publisher = The Hastings Center Bioethics Forum| last1 = Dreger| first1 = Alice| last2 = Feder| first2 = Ellen K| last3 = Tamar-Mattis| first3 = Anne| title = Preventing Homosexuality (and Uppity Women) in the Womb?| date = 29 June 2010 | access-date = 18 May 2016| url =weblink}} with a recent Australian study of people born with atypical sex characteristics finding that 52% of respondents were non-heterosexual,WEB,weblink New publication "Intersex: Stories and Statistics from Australia", Organisation Intersex International Australia, February 3, 2016, 2016-08-18, BOOK, Open Book Publishers, 978-1-78374-208-0, Jones, Tiffany, Hart, Bonnie, Carpenter, Morgan, Ansara, Gavi, Leonard, William, Lucke, Jayne, Intersex: Stories and Statistics from Australia, Cambridge, UK, 2016, 2 February 2016,weblink dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160914152729weblink">weblink 14 September 2016, thus research on intersex subjects has been used to explore means of preventing homosexuality.JOURNAL, 10.1089/cap.1990.1.279, 1044-5463, 1, 4, 279–283, Meyer-Bahlburg, Heino F.L., Will Prenatal Hormone Treatment Prevent Homosexuality?, Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, January 1990, human studies of the effects of altering the prenatal hormonal milieu by the administration of exogenous hormones lend support to a prenatal hormone theory that implicates both androgens and estrogens in the development of gender preference ... it is likely that prenatal hormone variations may be only one among several factors influencing the development of sexual orientation, As an experience of being born with sex characteristics that do not fit social norms,WEB, United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Free & Equal Campaign Fact Sheet: Intersex, 2015,weblink 28 March 2016, intersex can be distinguished from transgender,Children's right to physical integrity, Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly, Report Doc. 13297, 6 September 2013.WEB,weblink Trans? Intersex? Explained!, Advocates for Informed Choice#Inter/Act, Inter/Act, 2013-07-10, WEB,weblink Basic differences between intersex and trans, Organisation Intersex International Australia, 2013-07-10, 2011-06-03, while some intersex people are both intersex and transgender.{{Citation| publisher = Intersex Day| last = Cabral Grinspan| first = Mauro|authorlink1 = Mauro Cabral| title = The marks on our bodies| date = October 25, 2015 | url =weblink}}{{anchor|Criticism}}

Criticism of the term

File:Were a gay and happy family wagon.jpg|thumb|upright=1.1|LGBT families, like these in a 2007 Boston pride parade, are labeled as (non-heterosexual]] by researchers for a variety of reasons.BOOK, Klesse, Christian, The Spectre of Promiscuity: Gay Male and Bisexual Non-Monogamies and Polyamories, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 978-0-7546-4906-9, 2007,weblink {{clarify |reason=Does this source really claim that trans individuals are "non-heterosexual"? This needs a page number, and an excerpt. |date=May 2018}}{{better source |reason=As the title of the reference indicates, this book is about gay males and bisexuals; an assertion about "LGBT families" would be better off in a book covering all facets of LGBT. |date=May 2018}})The initialisms LGBT or GLBT are not agreed to by everyone that they encompass.BOOK, Finnegan, Dana G., Emily B., McNally, Counseling Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Substance Abusers: Dual Identities, Haworth Press, 2002, 978-1-56023-925-3,weblink For example, some argue that transgender and transsexual causes are not the same as that of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people.BOOK, Wilcox, Melissa M., Coming Out in Christianity: Religion, Identity, and Community, Indiana University Press, 2003, 978-0-253-21619-9,weblink This argument centers on the idea that being transgender or transsexual have to do more with gender identity, or a person's understanding of being or not being a man or a woman irrespective of their sexual orientation. LGB issues can be seen as a matter of sexual orientation or attraction. These distinctions have been made in the context of political action in which LGB goals, such as same-sex marriage legislation and human rights work (which may not include transgender and intersex people), may be perceived to differ from transgender and transsexual goals.A belief in "lesbian & gay separatism" (not to be confused with the related "lesbian separatism"), holds that lesbians and gay men form (or should form) a community distinct and separate from other groups normally included in the LGBTQ sphere.BOOK
, Mohr, Richard D., Gays/Justice: A Study of Ethics, Society, and Law, Columbia University Press
, 1988, 978-0-231-06735-5,weblink 2008-07-05, While not always appearing of sufficient number or organization to be called a movement, separatists are a significant, vocal, and active element within many parts of the LGBT community.BOOK
, Blasius, Mark, Gay and Lesbian Politics: Sexuality and the Emergence of a New Ethic, Temple University Press, 1994, 978-1-56639-173-3,weblink In some cases separatists will deny the existence or right to equality of bisexual orientations and of transsexuality, sometimes leading public biphobia and transphobia. In contrasts to separatists, Peter Tatchell of the LGBT human rights group OutRage! argues that to separate the transgender movement from the LGB would be "political madness", stating that:
Queers are, like transgender people, gender deviant. We don't conform to traditional heterosexist assumptions of male and female behaviour, in that we have sexual and emotional relationships with the same sex. We should celebrate our discordance with mainstream straight norms.[...] WEB, Tatchell, Peter, LGB - but why T?,weblink mother-ship.com, Mothership Blog, 18 March 2015,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090703020520weblink">weblink 3 July 2009, 24 June 2009, To try and separate the LGB from the T, and from women, is political madness. Queers are, like transgender people, gender deviant. We don't conform to traditional heterosexist assumptions of male and female behaviour, in that we have sexual and emotional relationships with the same sex. We should celebrate our discordance with mainstream straight norms. The right to be different is a fundamental human right. The idea that we should conform to straight expectations is demeaning and insulting., dead, The portrayal of an all-encompassing "LGBT community" or "LGB community" is also disliked by some lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people.BOOK
, Sycamore, Matt Bernstein, That's Revolting!: Queer Strategies for Resisting Assimilation, Soft Skull Press, 2005, 978-1-932360-56-1
,weblink
, 2008-07-05, BOOK, Carlsson, Chris, The Political Edge, City Lights Books, 2005, 978-1-931404-05-1,weblink
LGBT rights>political and social solidarity, and visibility and human rights campaigning that normally goes with it including gay pride marches and events. Some of them believe that grouping together people with non-heterosexual orientations perpetuates the myth that being gay/lesbian/bi/asexual/pansexual/etc. makes a person deficiently different from other people. These people are often less visible compared to more mainstream gay or LGBT activists. Since this faction is difficult to distinguish from the heterosexual majority, it is common for people to assume all LGBT people support LGBT liberation and the visibility of LGBT people in society, including the right to live one's life in a different way from the majority.LEONDAR-WRIGHT > FIRST=BETSY, Class Matters: Cross-Class Alliance Building for Middle-Class Activists year=2005, 978-0-86571-523-3Anti-Gay, a collection of essays edited by Mark Simpson (journalist)>Mark Simpson, the concept of a 'one-size-fits-all' identity based on LGBT stereotypes is criticized for suppressing the individuality of LGBT people.HTTP://WWW.MARKSIMPSON.COM/PAGES/ANTI_GAY.HTML >TITLE=ANTI-GAY ACCESSDATE=2011-10-23 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20110927113556/HTTP://WWW.MARKSIMPSON.COM/PAGES/ANTI_GAY.HTML, September 27, 2011, {{clear}}{{Anchor|Drop the T}}Writing in the BBC News Magazine in 2014, Julie Bindel questions whether the various gender groupings now, "bracketed together" ... "share the same issues, values and goals?" Bindel refers to a number of possible new initialisms for differing combinations and concludes that it may be time for the alliances to be reformed or finally go "our separate ways".NEWS,weblink Viewpoint: Should gay men and lesbians be bracketed together?, Julie Bindel, 2 July 2014, BBC News Magazine, 4 July 2014, Julie Bindel, In 2015, the slogan "Drop the T" was coined to encourage LGBT organizations to stop support of transgender people; the campaign has been widely condemned by most LGBT groups as transphobic.WEB,weblink LGBT Groups Respond to Petition Asking to 'Drop the T', 6 November 2015, www.advocate.com, WEB,weblink Signatures for 'Drop The T' counter-petition surpass original - PinkNews · PinkNews, www.pinknews.co.uk, WEB,weblink Why More Than 1,000 People Have Signed a Petition to Drop the "T" From LGBT, Condé, Nast, Teen Vogue, WEB,weblink Gay Transphobia, 2015 Style, Dana, Beyer, ContributorExecutive, Director, Gender Rights, Maryl, 12 November 2015, HuffPost, WEB,weblink The Gay Men Who Hate Women, Shon, Faye, 11 November 2015,

Alternative terms

Many people have looked for a generic term to replace the numerous existing initialisms.BOOK, Atkins, Dawn, Looking Queer: Body Image and Identity in Lesbian, Bisexual, Gay, and Transgender Communities, Haworth Press, 1998, 978-0-7890-0463-5,weblink Words such as queer (an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities that are not heterosexual, or gender-binary) and rainbow have been tried, but most have not been widely adopted.BOOK
, Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Forging Gay Identities: Organizing Sexuality in San Francisco, 1950–1994
, University of Chicago Press, 2002, 978-0-226-02694-7,weblink
, 2008-07-05, Queer has many negative connotations to older people who remember the word as a taunt and insult and such (negative) usage of the term continues. Many younger people also understand queer to be more politically charged than LGBT.BOOK, Halpin, Mikki, It's Your World—If You Don't Like It, Change It: Activism for Teenagers
, Simon and Schuster, 2004, 978-0-689-87448-2
,weblink "Rainbow" has connotations that recall hippies, New Age movements, and groups such as the Rainbow Family or Jesse Jackson's Rainbow/PUSH Coalition. SGL ("same gender loving") is sometimes favored among gay male African Americans as a way of distinguishing themselves from what they regard as white-dominated LGBT communities.BOOK, Rimmerman, Craig A., Kenneth D., Wald, Clyde, Wilcox, The Politics of Gay Rights, University of Chicago Press, 2006, 978-1-4129-0988-4,weblink
Some people advocate the term "minority sexual and gender identities" (MSGI, coined in 2000), or gender and sexual/sexuality minorities (GSM), so as to explicitly include all people who are not cisgender and heterosexual; or gender, sexual, and romantic minorities (GSRM), which is more explicitly inclusive of minority romantic orientations and polyamory; but those have not been widely adopted either.WEB, Welcome to the Bradford University Minority Sexual and Gender Identity Site!, Bradford Uni MSGI Society, 2008,weblink 2008-09-09, WEB,weblink GSRM - Gender, Sexual, and Romantic Minorities, acronymfinder.com, 6 October 2014, WEB,weblink 'Diversities' May Enrich 'LGBTQIAP' Alphabet Soup, 19 September 2013, The Huffington Post, 6 October 2014, WEB, LGBT? LGBTQ? Queer? QUILTBAG? GSM? GSRM?,weblink queerumich.com, University of Michigan (on Tumblr), 12 March 2015, WEB, Gender and Sexual Minority Students (LGBTIQA),weblink University of Derby, 12 March 2015, Other rare umbrella terms are Gender and Sexual Diversities (GSD),Organisation proposes replacing the 'limiting' term LGBT with 'more inclusive' GSD, February 25, 2013 MOGII (Marginalized Orientations, Gender Identities, and Intersex) and MOGAI (Marginalized Orientations, Gender Alignments and Intersex).NEWS,weblink 'Gender And Sexual Diversities,' Or GSD, Should Replace 'LGBT,' Say London Therapists, 25 February 2013, The Huffington Post, 6 October 2014, WEB,weblink Pride on the prowl, Dalhousie News, 6 October 2014, The National Institutes of Health have framed LGBT, others "whose sexual orientation and/or gender identity varies, those who may not self-identify as LGBT" and also intersex populations (as persons with disorders of sex development) as "sexual and gender minority" (SGM) populations. This has led to the development of an NIH SGM Health Research Strategic Plan.JOURNAL, 10.1089/lgbt.2015.0107, 26789398, 2325-8292, Alexander, Rashada, Parker, Karen, Schwetz, Tara, Sexual and Gender Minority Health Research at the National Institutes of Health, LGBT Health, 3, 1, 7–10, October 2015,weblink The Williams Institute has used the same term in a report on an international sustainable development goals, but excluding intersex populations.BOOK, The Williams Institute, Park, Andrew, A Development Agenda for Sexual and Gender Minorities, June 2016, In public health settings, MSM ("men who have sex with men") is clinically used to describe men who have sex with other men without referring to their sexual orientation, with WSW ("women who have sex with women") also used as an analogous term.Young, R M & Meyer, I H (2005) The Trouble with "MSM" and "WSW": Erasure of the Sexual-Minority Person in Public Health Discourse American Journal of Public Health July 2005 Vol. 95 No. 7.Glick, M Muzyka, B C Salkin, L M Lurie, D (1994) Necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis: a marker for immune deterioration and a predictor for the diagnosis of AIDS Journal of Periodontology 1994 65 p. 393–397.

See also

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Notes

{{Reflist}}

References

External links

{{Commons category|LGBT}}{{wiktionary|LGBT|QUILTBAG}} {{LGBT|main=expanded}}{{Intersex}}{{Sexual revolution}}{{Authority control}}


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