Associated Press

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Associated Press
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{{About-distinguish|the American nonprofit news agency|Associated Press Service|Press Association}}{{Short description|American multinational nonprofit news agency}}

200 Liberty Street {{nowrap>New York City}}, New York (state), {{nowrap>United States}}| area_served = WorldwideSteven R. Swartz (Chairman)Gary B. Pruitt>Gary Pruitt (President and CEO)}}News agency>Wire serviceUnited States dollar>$568.13 million (2015)CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS> WORK=THE ASSOCIATED PRESS URL=HTTP://WWW.AP.ORG/ANNUAL-REPORT/2015/ASSOCIATEDPRESS_2015FINANCIALSTATEMENTS.PDF ACCESSDATE=2016-06-02, | net_income = $1.6 million (2016)| members = | num_employees = 3,200weblink}}}}The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City. Founded in 1846, it operates as a cooperative, unincorporated association. Its members are U.S. newspapers and broadcasters.The AP has earned 53 Pulitzer Prizes, including 31 for photography, since the award was established in 1917. It earned a 2019 Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting for coverage of the civil war in Yemen.The AP has counted the vote in U.S. elections since 1848, including national, state and local races down to the legislative level in all 50 states, along with key ballot measures. AP collects and verifies returns in every county, parish, city and town across the U.S., and declares winners in over 5,000 contests.The AP news report, distributed to its members and customers, is produced in English, Spanish and Arabic. AP content is also available on the agency's app, AP News. A 2017 study by NewsWhip revealed that AP content was more engaged with on Facebook than content from any individual English-language publisher.WEB,weblink AP content drives more Facebook engagements than individual publishers in June, July, Associated Press, en, 2018-04-06, {{as of|2016}}, news collected by the AP was published and republished by more than 1,300 newspapers and broadcasters.WEB,weblink 2016 Consolidated Financial Statements, April 5, 2017, Associated Press, March 4, 2018, The AP operates 263 news bureaus in 106 countries.WEB,weblink A look at the AP through AP stats and figures, 2016, Associated Press, March 4, 2018, It also operates the AP Radio Network, which provides newscasts twice hourly for broadcast and satellite radio and television stations. Many newspapers and broadcasters outside the United States are AP subscribers, paying a fee to use AP material without being contributing members of the cooperative. As part of their cooperative agreement with the AP, most member news organizations grant automatic permission for the AP to distribute their local news reports. The AP employs the "inverted pyramid" formula for writing which enables the news outlets to edit a story to fit its available publication area without losing the story's essentials.Cutbacks at rival United Press International in 1993 left the AP as the United States' primary news service, although UPI still produces and distributes stories and photos daily. Other English-language news services, such as the BBC, Reuters and the English-language service of Agence France-Presse, are based outside the United States.


(File:the associated press building in new york city.jpg|thumb|upright|Logo on the former AP Building in New York City)The Associated Press was formed in May 1846WEB,weblink Associated Press Founded - This Day in History May 22, New York Natives, 2015-05-22, 2016-03-18,weblink" title="">weblink 2016-03-24, yes, by five daily newspapers in New York City to share the cost of transmitting news of the Mexican–American War.WEB,weblink Network effects, The Economist, en, 2018-02-20, The venture was organized by Moses Yale Beach (1800–68), second publisher of The Sun, joined by the New York Herald, the New York Courier and Enquirer, The Journal of Commerce, and the New York Evening Express.NEWS,weblink The Birth of Atari, Modern Computer Design, And The Software Industry: This Week In Tech History, Press, Gil, Forbes, 2018-02-20, en, Some historiansBOOK,weblink The Nation's Newsbrokers: The formative years, from pretelegraphs to 1865, Schwarzlose, Richard Allen, 1989, Northwestern University Press, 9780810108189, 93, January 4, 2019, believe that the Tribune joined at this time; documents show it was a member in 1849. The New York Times became a member shortly after its founding in September 1851. Initially known as the New York Associated Press (NYAP), the organization faced competition from the Western Associated Press (1862), which criticized its monopolistic news gathering and price setting practices. An investigation completed in 1892 by Victor Lawson, editor and publisher of the Chicago Daily News, revealed that several principals of the NYAP had entered into a secret agreement with United Press, a rival organization, to share NYAP news and the profits of reselling it. The revelations led to the demise of the NYAP and in December 1892, the Western Associated Press was incorporated in Illinois as The Associated Press. A 1900 Illinois Supreme Court decision (Inter Ocean Publishing Co. v. Associated Press)—that the AP was a public utility and operating in restraint of trade—resulted in AP's move from Chicago to New York City, where corporation laws were more favorable to cooperatives.{{citation needed|date=July 2010}}When the AP was founded, news became a salable commodity. The invention of the rotary press allowed the New York Tribune in the 1870s to print 18,000 papers per hour. During the Civil War and Spanish–American War, there was a new incentive to print vivid, on-the-spot reporting. Melville Stone, who had founded the Chicago Daily News in 1875, served as AP General Manager from 1893 to 1921. He embraced the standards of accuracy, impartiality, and integrity. The cooperative grew rapidly under the leadership of Kent Cooper (served 1925–48), who built up bureau staff in South America, Europe and (after World War II), the Middle East. He introduced the "telegraph typewriter" or teletypewriter into newsrooms in 1914. In 1935, AP launched the Wirephoto network, which allowed transmission of news photographs over leased private telephone lines on the day they were taken. This gave AP a major advantage over other news media outlets. While the first network was only between New York, Chicago, and San Francisco, eventually AP had its network across the whole United States.JOURNAL,weblink Wire That Photo, Popular Mechanics, July 1937,, 2014-06-04, In 1945, the Supreme Court of the United States held in Associated Press v. United States that the AP had been violating the Sherman Antitrust Act by prohibiting member newspapers from selling or providing news to nonmember organizations as well as making it very difficult for nonmember newspapers to join the AP. The decision facilitated the growth of its main rival United Press International, headed by Hugh Baillie from 1935 to 1955.AP entered the broadcast field in 1941 when it began distributing news to radio stations; it created its own radio network in 1974. In 1994, it established APTV, a global video newsgathering agency. APTV merged with WorldWide Television News in 1998 to form APTN, which provides video to international broadcasters and websites. In 2004, AP moved its world headquarters from its longtime home at 50 Rockefeller Plaza to a huge building at 450 West 33rd Street in Manhattan—which also houses the New York Daily News and the studios of New York's public television station, WNET. In 2009, AP had more than 240 bureaus globally. Its mission—"to gather with economy and efficiency an accurate and impartial report of the news"—has not changed since its founding, but digital technology has made the distribution of the AP news report an interactive endeavor between AP and its 1,400 U.S. newspaper members as well as broadcasters, international subscribers, and online customers.The AP began diversifying its news gathering capabilities and by 2007 AP was generating only about 30% of its revenue from United States newspapers. 37% came from the global broadcast customers, 15% from online ventures and 18% came from international newspapers and from photography.NEWS, Down On The Wire,weblink Last year, AP generated only about 30% of its revenue from U.S. newspapers. The rest came from global broadcast customers (37%), online ventures (15%) and other revenue sources, such as international clients and photography, (18%). is a customer of AP, Forbes, 2009-04-09, 2008-02-14,weblink" title="">weblink 31 March 2009, no, Louis, Hau,

Web resource

The AP's multi-topic structure has resulted in web portals such as Yahoo! and MSN posting its articles, often relying on the AP as their first source for news coverage of breaking news items. This and the constant updating evolving stories require has had a major impact on the AP's public image and role, giving new credence to the AP's ongoing mission of having staff for covering every area of news fully and promptly. The AP was also the news service used on the Wii's News Channel.NEWS, Nintendo Customer Service: Wii News Channel, Using the international resources of the Associated Press, the News Channel gives Wii users free access to stories in multiple categories from across the country and around the world.,weblink Nintendo, 2009-11-17, In 2007, Google announced that it was paying to receive Associated Press content, to be displayed in Google News,NEWS, Google News Becomes A Publisher,weblink 'Because the Associated Press, Agence France-Presse, U.K. Press Association and the Canadian Press don't have a consumer Web site where they publish their content, they have not been able to benefit from the traffic that Google News drives to other publishers,' Josh Cohen, business product manager for Google News, explained in a blog post., Information Week, August 31, 2007, 2008-04-26, though this was interrupted from late 2009 to mid-2010, due to a licensing dispute.NEWS, Google Stops Hosting New AP Content,weblink 2010-01-11,weblink" title="">weblink 12 January 2010, no, NEWS, Google, AP reach deal for Google News content,weblink CNET, August 30, 2010, 2012-10-19,

Fact checking

In 2011, AP expanded its fact checking web presence to Twitter in relation to its Getting the facts right since 1846.


  • 1849: the Harbor News Association opened the first news bureau outside the United States in Halifax, Nova Scotia, to meet ships sailing from Europe before they reached dock in New York.
  • 1876: Mark Kellogg, a stringer, was the first AP news correspondent to be killed while reporting the news, at the Battle of the Little Bighorn.
  • 1893: Melville E. Stone became the general manager of the reorganized AP, a post he held until 1921. Under his leadership, the AP grew to be one of the world's most prominent news agencies.
  • 1899: AP used Guglielmo Marconi's wireless telegraph to cover the America's Cup yacht race off Sandy Hook, New Jersey, the first news test of the new technology.
  • 1914: AP introduced the teleprinter, which transmitted directly to printers over telegraph wires. Eventually a worldwide network of 60-word-per-minute teleprinter machines is built.
  • 1935: AP initiated WirePhoto, the world's first wire service for photographs. The first photograph to transfer over the network depicted an airplane crash in Morehouse, New York, on New Year's Day, 1935.
  • 1938: AP expanded new offices at 50 Rockefeller Plaza (known as "50 Rock") in the newly built Rockefeller Center in New York City, which would remain its headquarters for 66 years.PRESS RELEASE, AP leaves 50 Rock for West 33rd Street Headquarters, The Associated Press, 2004-07-19,weblink 2009-11-17,
  • 1941: AP expanded from print to radio broadcast news.
  • 1941: Wide World News Photo Service purchased from The New York Times.NEWS, Rachel L. Swarns, Darcy Eveleigh and Damien Cave, Unpublished Black History,weblink February 1, 2016, The New York Times, February 1, 2016, The Times's picture agency, Wide World News Photo Service, which had staff members in London, Berlin and elsewhere, was sold to The Associated Press in 1941.,
  • 1945: AP war correspondent Joseph Morton was executed along with nine OSS men and four British SOE agents by the Germans at Mauthausen concentration camp. Morton was the only Allied correspondent to be executed by the Axis during World War II. That same year, AP Paris bureau chief Edward Kennedy defied an Allied headquarters news blackout to report Nazi Germany's surrender, touching off a bitter episode that leads to his eventual dismissal by the AP. Kennedy maintains that he reported only what German radio already had broadcast.
  • 1951: AP war correspondent Prague bureau chief William N. Oatis was arrested for espionage by the Communist government of Czechoslovakia. He was not released until 1953.
  • 1994: AP launches APTV, a global video news gathering agency, headquartered in London.
  • 2004: The AP moved its headquarters from 50 Rock to 450 W. 33rd Street, New York City.
  • 2006: AP joined YouTube.
  • 2008: The AP launched AP Mobile (initially known as the AP Mobile News Network), a multimedia news portal that gives users news they can choose and provides anytime access to international, national and local news. AP was the first to debut a dedicated iPhone application in June 2008 on stage at Apple's WWDC event. The app offered AP's own worldwide coverage of breaking news, sports, entertainment, politics and business as well as content from more than 1,000 AP members and third-party sources.The Associated Press (2009-05-21). "AP Mobile rings in one-year anniversary" {{webarchive |url= |date=February 19, 2010 }}, AP, Press Release.
  • 2010: AP launched multi-device World Cup Soccer Applications providing real-time news coverage of the 2010 World Cup on desktop, Apple and Android devices.
  • 2010: AP earnings fall 65% from 2008 to just $8.8 million. The AP also announced that it would have posted a loss of $4.4 million had it not liquidated its German-language news service for $13.2 million.WEB, Associated Press Reports Narrow 2009 Profit, Media Post, 2010-04-30,weblink 2010-04-30,weblink" title="">weblink 4 May 2010, no,
  • 2011: AP revenue dropped $14.7 million in 2010. 2010 revenue totaled $631 million, a decline of 7% from the previous year. AP rolled out price cuts designed to help newspapers and broadcasters cope with declining revenue.
  • 2012: Gary B. Pruitt succeeded Tom Curley to become president and CEO. Pruitt is the 13th leader of AP in its 166-year history.NEWS, Gary Pruitt, of McClatchy, to become new president and CEO of The Associated Press,weblink Associated Press, 14 December 2012,
  • 2016: AP Reports that income dropped to $1.6 million from $183.6 million in 2015. The 2015 profit figure was bolstered by a one-time, $165 million tax benefit.NEWS, Newspaper decline continues to weigh on AP earnings,weblink Associated Press, Associated Press,
  • 2017: AP moved its headquarters to 200 Liberty Street, New York City.
  • 2018: AP unveils AP Votecast to replace exit polls for the 2018 US midterm elections.WEB,weblink AP Definitive Source {{!, AP VoteCast debuts Tuesday |website= |access-date= 2018-11-09}}

AP sports polls

The AP conducts polls for numerous college sports in the United States. The AP college football rankings were created in 1936, and began including the top 25 teams in 1989. Since 1969, the final poll of each season has been released after all bowl games have been played.NEWS,weblink The best and worst of LSU's AP preseason poll history,, 2018-07-20, en-US, The AP released its all-time Top 25 in 2016.NEWS,weblink What The Last Five Seasons Of The AP Poll Say About Trending Teams In College Football, Williams, Blake, Forbes, 2018-07-20, en, {{as of|2017}}, 22 different programs had finished in the number one spot of the poll since its inception.NEWS,weblink College football rankings: Who has been No. 1 in the AP preseason poll most often and how did they finish?, 2017-08-21,, 2018-07-20, en, The AP college basketball poll has been used as a guide for which teams deserve national attention. The poll first began its poll of college basketball teams in 1949, and has since conducted over 1,100 polls. The college basketball poll started with 20 teams and was reduced to 10 during the 1960-61 college basketball season. It returned to 20 teams in 1968-69 and expanded to 25 beginning in 1989-90. The final poll for each season is released prior to the conclusion of the NCAA tournament, so all data includes regular season games only.NEWS,weblink AP Top 25 polls highlight Top 100 all-time in college basketball, 2017-03-29, The Denver Post, 2018-07-20, en-US, In 2017, The AP released a list of the Top 100 teams of all time. The poll counted poll appearances (one point) and No. 1 rankings (two points) to rank each team.NEWS,weblink Where does Syracuse basketball rank on the all-time AP Top 25?,, 2018-07-20, en-US,

AP sports awards


The AP began its Major League Baseball Manager of the Year Award in 1959, for a manager in each league.AP Manager of the Year Award. Retrieved 2009-09-29. Although the award began in 1959, AP gave a "manager of the year" award in 1950 to Eddie Sawyer of the Philadelphia Phillies.NEWS, Eddie Sawyer Honored in Baseball Vote, Prescott Evening Courier, November 8, 1950,weblink Section 2, Page 1, 2010-09-16, From 1984 to 2000, the award was given to one manager in all of MLB.In 1959, when the AP began its Manager of the Year Award for a manager in each league, The Sporting News Manager of the Year Award (begun in 1936) was for one manager in all of MLB. In 1983, MLB began its own Manager of the Year Award, for a manager in each league. The following year (1984) the AP changed its award to one in all of MLB. In 1986, The Sporting News changed its award to one for each league. The winners were chosen by a national panel of AP baseball writers and radio men. The award was discontinued in 2001.


Every year, the AP releases the names of the winners of its AP College Basketball Player of the Year and AP College Basketball Coach of the Year awards. It also honors a group of All-American players.


Associated Press Television News

(File:APTNheadquarter.jpg|thumb|The APTN Building in London)In 1994, London-based Associated Press Television (APTV) was founded to provide agency news material to television broadcasters.NEWS,weblink A.P. Buys Worldwide Television News, Reuters, 2018-07-20, en, In 1998, AP purchased Worldwide Television News (WTN) from the ABC News division of The Walt Disney Company, Nine Network Australia and ITN London. AP publishes 70,000 videos and 6,000 hours of live video per year, {{as of|2016|lc=y}}. The agency also provides four simultaneous live video channels. AP was the first news agency to launch a live video news service in 2003.NEWS,weblink AP experiments with live streams as appetite for up-to-the-minute video grows, 2016-01-13, 2018-04-06,

Litigation and controversies

Christopher Newton

Washington, D.C. bureau reporter Christopher Newton, an AP reporter since 1994, was fired by AP in September 2002 after he was accused of fabricating sources since 2000, including at least 40 people and organizations. Prior to his firing, Newton had been focused on writing about federal law-enforcement while based at the Justice Department. Some of the nonexistent agencies quoted in his stories included "Education Alliance", the "Institute for Crime and Punishment in Chicago", "Voice for the Disabled", and "People for Civil Rights".NEWS,weblink Fib Newton, October 29, 2002,, 2008-04-16,weblink" title="">weblink 8 May 2008, no,

FBI impersonation case

In 2007, an FBI agent working in Seattle impersonated an AP journalist and infected the computer of a 15-year old suspect with a malicious surveillance software.NEWS, Miller, Mary Ann,weblink Associated Press sues after FBI impersonates journalist in sting operation, Los Angeles Times, August 27, 2015, no,weblink" title="">weblink December 24, 2017, NEWS, Reilly, Ryan,weblink An FBI Agent Did A Pretty Terrible Job Of Pretending To Be A Journalist, HuffPost, September 15, 2016, no,weblink March 6, 2018, The incident sparked a strongly-worded statement from the AP demanding the bureau never impersonate a member of the news media again.NEWS, Tucker, Eric,weblink AP demands FBI never again impersonate journalist, Associated Press, November 10, 2014, no,weblink December 24, 2017, Moreover, in September 2016 the incident resulted in a condemnation by the Justice Department.NEWS, Tucker, Eric,weblink Justice Department report ‘effectively condone[s]’ FBI impersonation incident, The Washington Post, September 15, 2016, no,weblink December 24, 2017, In December 2017, following a US court appearance, a judge ruled in favor of the AP in a lawsuit against the FBI for fraudulently impersonating a member of the news media.NEWS, Cohen, Kelly,weblink Appeals Court sides with Associated Press in lawsuit against FBI, Washington Examiner, December 15, 2017, no,weblink" title="">weblink December 24, 2017, NEWS, Gresko, Jessica,weblink US court hears case involving impersonation of AP journalist, Chicago Tribune, November 15, 2017, no,weblink" title="">weblink December 24, 2017,

Fair-use controversies

In June 2008, the AP sent numerous DMCA take down demands and threatened legal action against several blogs. The AP contended that the internet blogs were violating AP's copyright by linking to AP material and using headlines and short summaries in those links. Many bloggers and experts noted that the use of the AP news fell squarely under commonly accepted internet practices and within fair-use standards.NEWS,weblink AP's Fair Use Challenge (Harvard Law), Berkman Center for Internet and Society, 2008-06-17, 2014-06-04,weblink" title="">weblink 2011-05-12, yes, Others noted and demonstrated that AP routinely takes similar excerpts from other sources, often without attribution or licenses. AP responded that it was defining standards regarding citations of AP news.NEWS, The Associated Press to Set Guidelines for Using Its Articles in Blogs,weblink The Associated Press...said that it will, for the first time, attempt to define clear standards as to how much of its articles and broadcasts bloggers and Web sites can excerpt without infringing on The A.P.'s copyright., The New York Times, June 16, 2008, 2009-04-09, Saul, Hansell,weblink" title="">weblink 9 April 2009, no,

Copyright and intellectual property

In August 2005, Ken Knight, a Louisiana photographer, sued the AP claiming that it had willfully and negligently violated Knight's copyright by distributing a photograph of celebrity Britney Spears to various media outlets including, but not limited to: truTV (formerly CourtTV), America Online and Fox News.COURT, Ken Knight v. The Associated Press,weblink The case was settled in November 2006.In a case filed February 2005, McClatchey v. The Associated Press, a Pennsylvania photographer sued the AP for cropping a picture to remove the plaintiff's embedded title and copyright notice and later distributed it to news organizations without the plaintiff's permission or credit. The parties settled.COURT, McClatchey v. The Associated Press,weblink

Shepard Fairey

In March 2009, the Associated Press counter-sued artist Shepard Fairey over his famous image of Barack Obama, saying the uncredited, uncompensated use of an AP photo violated copyright laws and signaled a threat to journalism. Fairey had sued the AP the previous month over his artwork, titled "Obama Hope" and "Obama Progress", arguing that he did not violate copyright law because he dramatically changed the image. The artwork, based on an April 2006 picture taken for the AP by Mannie Garcia, was a popular image during the 2008 presidential election and now hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C. According to the AP lawsuit filed in federal court in Manhattan, Fairey knowingly "misappropriated The AP's rights in that image". The suit asked the court to award AP profits made off the image and damages. Fairey said he looked forward to "upholding the free expression rights at stake here" and disproving the AP's accusations.{{Citation needed|date=July 2009}} In January 2011 this suit was settled with neither side declaring their position to be wrong but agreeing to share reproduction rights and profits from Fairey's work.NEWS, Memmott, Mark, Shepard Fairey And AP Settle Copyright Dispute Over 'Hope' Poster,weblink 31 August 2012, NPR, 11 January 2011,

Hot News

In January 2008, Associated Press sued competitor All Headline News (AHN) claiming that AHN allegedly infringed on its copyrights and a contentious "quasi-property" right to facts.NEWS, Schonfeld, Erick, Hot News: The AP Is Living In The Last Century,weblink February 22, 2009, 2010-04-25, The Washington Post, NEWS, Anderson, Nate, Who owns the facts? The AP and the "hot news" controversy, Ars Technica,weblink The AP complaint asserted that AHN reporters had copied facts from AP news reports without permission and without paying a syndication fee. After AHN moved to dismiss all but the copyright claims set forth by AP, a majority of the lawsuit was dismissed.COURT, The Associated Press v. All Headline News Corp., 08, Civ., 323, United States District Court, Southern District of New York, 2009-02-17,weblink The case has been dismissed and both parties settled.WEB,weblink Citizen Media Law Project, PDF, 2014-06-04, In June 2010, Associated Press was accusedNEWS, Masnick, Mike, AP Sues Others For Copying Its Reporting, But Has No Problem Copying Bloggers Without Citation,weblink TechDirt, 2010-06-01, 2010-06-01,weblink" title="">weblink 5 June 2010, no, of having unfair and hypocritical policies after it was demonstrated that AP reporters had copied original reporting from the "Search Engine Land" website without permission, attribution, or credit.NEWS, Sullivan, Danny, How The Mainstream Media Stole Our News Story Without Credit,weblink Daggle, 2010-06-01, 2010-06-01,

"Illegal immigrant"

In April 2013, AP stated that it had dropped the term "illegal immigrant" from its stylebook. AP follows ABC, NBC, and CNN in not using the term. Jose Antonio Vargas commended The Associated Press for its decision.NEWS, Associated Press Drops 'Illegal Immigrant' From Stylebook, Christina Costantini,weblink ABC News, 2 April 2013, 8 April 2013, Syndicated writer Ruben Navarrette criticized the decision, stating the reasoning behind the decision was political correctness and called the blog "incomprehensible."NEWS, Ruben Navarrette: Why 'illegal' immigrant is the right term, Ruben Navarrette,weblink San Jose Mercury News, 6 April 2013, 7 April 2013, Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano said of the decision, that she doesn't get involved in "vocabulary wars" and then stated "They are immigrants who are here illegally, that's an illegal immigrant."NEWS, Associated Press under scrutiny for nixing term 'illegal immigrant' from Stylebook,weblink Fox News, 3 April 2013, 7 April 2013,

Hoax tweet and flash crash

On April 23, 2013, the AP's Twitter account was hacked to release a hoax tweet about fictional attacks in the White House that left President Obama injured.NEWS, AP Twitter Hack Falsely Claims Explosions at White House,weblink April 23, 2013, April 23, 2013, Samantha Murphy, Mashable, This erroneous tweet resulted in a brief plunge of 130 points from the Dow Jones Industrial Average, removal of $136 billion from S&P 500 index,NEWS, Fake Tweet Erasing $136 Billion Shows Markets Need Humans,weblink April 23, 2013, April 23, 2013, Bloomberg, and the temporary suspension of their Twitter account. Although all executed trades were considered final, the Dow Jones later restored its session gains.

Justice Department subpoena of phone records

On May 13, 2013, The Associated Press announced telephone records for 20 of their reporters during a two-month period in 2012, had been subpoenaed by the U.S. Justice Department and described these acts as a "massive and unprecedented intrusion" into news-gathering operations.NEWS, Sanchez, Raf, US Justice Department secretly seizes Associated Press phone records,weblink The Telegraph, 15 May 2013, London, 2013-05-13, NEWS, US government secretly obtained Associated Press phone records,weblink The Guardian, 15 May 2013, The AP reported that the Justice Department would not say why it sought the records, but sources stated that the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia's office was conducting a criminal investigation into a May 7, 2012 AP story about a CIA operation that prevented a terrorist plot to detonate an explosive device on a commercial flight.NEWS, Ingram, David, Associated Press says U.S. government seized journalists' phone records,weblink Reuters Canada, 15 May 2013, 2013-05-13, The DOJ did not direct subpoenas to the AP, instead going to their phone providers, including Verizon Wireless.NEWS, Gallagher, Ryan, Verizon Wireless Secretly Passed AP Reporters' Phone Records to Feds,weblink Slate, 20 May 2013, U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder testified under oath in front of the House Judiciary Committee that he recused himself from the leak investigations to avoid any appearance of a conflict of interest. Holder said his Deputy Attorney General, James M. Cole, was in charge of the AP investigation and would have ordered the subpoenas.NEWS, Curry, Tom, Holder addresses AP leaks investigation, announces IRS probe,weblink NBC News, 1 June 2013,

Claims of biased reporting

Israeli–Palestinian conflict

In his book Broken Spring: An American-Israeli Reporter's Close-up View of How Egyptians Lost Their Struggle for Freedom, former AP correspondent Mark Lavie claims that the AP upheld a narrative line in which Arabs and Palestinians were entirely without blame in a conflict where all guilt lay with Israel.NEWS, Matti Friedman, What the Media Gets Wrong About Israel,weblink 10 December 2014, The Atlantic, 30 November 2014, NEWS, Broken Spring by Mark Lavie,weblink 10 December 2014, Times of Israel, 15 September 2014, NEWS, Lavie, Mark, Why Everything Reported from Gaza is Crazy Twisted,weblink 10 December 2014, The Tower, August 2014, Israeli journalist Matti Friedman accused AP of killing a story he wrote about the "war of words", "between Israel and its critics in human rights organizations", in the aftermath of the Israel/Gaza conflict of 2008–09.


The Associated Press is governed by an elected board of directors.NEWS, Facts & Figures: AP Board of Directors,weblink Associated Press, 2009-11-17, Since April 2017, the chairman is Steven Swartz, president and CEO of Hearst Communications.{| class="wikitable"! colspan="2" style="text-align: left; height: 50px" | Board of DirectorsHearst Communications>Hearst Corporation| Community Newspaper Holdings, Inc.| The E.W. Scripps Company Elizabeth Brenner The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel| Journal Communications, Inc.| Swift Communications William Stacey Cowles The Spokesman-Review| Cowles Publishing Co. Kirk Davis GatehouseMedia, LLC| New Media Investment Group| The New York Times Company| Cox Media Group| ESPN Terry J. Kroeger BH Media Group| The Omaha World-Herald Isaac Lee Univision Communications, Inc.| Fusion| The Santa Fe New Mexican and The Taos News| Gannett Co., Inc.| A. H. Belo Corporation| The Ogden Newspapers Inc.| Paxton Media Group| The McClatchy Company| Times Publishing Company

See also





  • BOOK, Associated Press, Breaking News: How the Associated Press Has Covered War, Peace and Everything Else, 2007,weblink Princeton Architectural Press, New York, 978-1-56898-689-0,
  • BOOK, Fenby, Jonathan, The International News Services, 1986, Schocken Books, New York, 0-8052-3995-2,
  • BOOK, Schwarzlose, Richard Allen, The American Wire Services: A Study of Their Development as a Social Institution, 1979, Arno Press, New York, 0-405-11774-4,
  • BOOK, Schwarzlose, Richard Allen,weblink The Nation's Newsbrokers, Volume 1: The Formative Years: From Pretelegraph to 1865, 1989, Northwestern University Press, Evanston, IL, 0-8101-0818-6,
  • BOOK, Schwarzlose, Richard Allen, The Nation's Newsbrokers, Volume 2: The Rush to Institution: From 1865 to 1920, 1990,weblink Northwestern University Press, Evanston, IL, 0-8101-0819-4,
  • Silberstein-Loeb, Jonathan. The International Distribution of News: The Associated Press, Press Association, and Reuters, 1848–1947 (2014)

External links

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  • weblink" title="">The Associated Press, Television-Radio Association of California, Nevada, Hawaii, Arizona, and New Mexico
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