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one-party state
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{{About|one-party political states|telephone call recording laws and notification requirements|Telephone call recording laws#One-party consent states}}{{multiple issues|{{POV|date=September 2014}}{{more citations needed|date=August 2016}}}}{{party politics}}A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, or single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.BOOK,weblink Principles of Comparative Politics, Clark, William Roberts, Golder, Matt, Golder, Sona Nadenichek, 2012-03-23, SAGE, 9781608716791, en, All other parties are either outlawed or allowed to take only a limited and controlled participation in elections. Sometimes the term de facto one-party state is used to describe a dominant-party system that, unlike the one-party state, allows (at least nominally) democratic multiparty elections, but the existing practices or balance of political power effectively prevent the opposition from winning the elections.

Concept

One-party states explain themselves through various methods. Most often, proponents of a one-party state argue that the existence of separate parties runs counter to national unity. Others argue that the one party is the vanguard of the people, and therefore its right to rule cannot be legitimately questioned. The Soviet government argued that multiple parties represented the class struggle, which was absent in Soviet society, and so the Soviet Union only had one party, namely the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.Some one-party states only outlaw opposition parties, while allowing allied parties to exist as part of a permanent coalition such as a popular front. However, these parties are largely or completely subservient to the ruling party and must accept the ruling party’s monopoly of power as a condition of their existence. Examples of this are the People's Republic of China under the United Front, the National Front in former East Germany and the Democratic Front for the Reunification of Korea in North Korea. Others may allow non-party members to run for legislative seats, as was the case with Taiwan’s Tangwai movement in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as the elections in the former Soviet Union.Within their own countries, dominant parties ruling over one-party states are often referred to simply as the Party. For example, in reference to the Soviet Union, the Party meant the Communist Party of the Soviet Union; in reference to the pre-1991 Republic of Zambia, it referred to the United National Independence Party.Most one-party states have been ruled by parties forming in one of the following three circumstances:
  1. an ideology of Marxism–Leninism and international solidarity (such as the Soviet Union for most of its existence)
  2. some type of nationalist or fascist ideology (such as Italy under Benito Mussolini)
  3. parties that came to power in the wake of independence from colonial rule. One-party systems often arise from decolonization because a single party gains an overwhelmingly dominant role in liberation or in independence struggles.
One-party states are usually considered to be authoritarian, to the extent that they are occasionally totalitarian. On the other hand, not all authoritarian or totalitarian states operate upon one-party rule. Some, especially amongst absolute monarchies and military dictatorships, have no need for a ruling party, and therefore make all political parties illegal.The term "communist state" is sometimes used in the West to describe states in which the ruling party subscribes to a form of Marxism–Leninism. However, such states may not use that term themselves, seeing communism as a phase to develop after the full maturation of socialism, and instead use descriptions such as "people's republic", "socialist republic", or "democratic republic". One peculiar example is Cuba where, despite the role of the Communist Party being enshrined in the constitution, no party, including the Communist Party, is permitted to campaign or run candidates for elections. Candidates are elected on an individual referendum basis without formal party involvement, although elected assemblies predominantly consist of members of the Communist Party alongside non-affiliated candidates.Cuba: Elections and Events 1991–2001 {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070301123039weblink|date=2007-03-01}} Latin American Election Statistics Home

Examples

(File:Forms of government.svg|thumb|centre|upright=3.4|{{legend|#aa6f33|One-party states}})

Current one-party states

De jure one-party states

{{As of|2019}} the following countries are legally constituted as one-party states:{|class="wikitable sortable"!Country!Head of party!Party!Head of popular front!Popular Front!Date of establishment!Duration
Flag of North Korea.svg}} Democratic People's Republic of KoreaKim Jong-un, Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea>Chairman Flag of the Workers' Party of Korea.svg}} Workers' Party of KoreaWORK=NHâN DâN ACCESS-DATE=19 FEBRUARY 2019,weblink |Democratic Front for the Reunification of Korea|October 10, 1945194510}}
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg}} People's Republic of ChinaXi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China>General Secretary Flag of the Chinese Communist Party.svg}} Communist Party of ChinaWang Yang (politician)>Wang Yang, Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative ConferenceYou Quan, Head of the United Front Work Department>DepartmentUnited Front (China)>United Front|October 1, 194919491}}
Flag of Cuba.svg}} Republic of CubaRaúl Castro, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba>First Secretary M-26-7.svg}} Communist Party of Cuba|||January 1, 1959195901}}
Flag of Eritrea.svg}} State of Eritrea|Isaias Afwerki, ChairpersonFlag of the EPLF.svg}} People's Front for Democracy and Justice|||February 10, 1994199410}}
Flag of Laos.svg}} Lao People's Democratic RepublicBounnhang Vorachith, General Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party>General Secretary Flag of LPRP.svg}} Lao People's Revolutionary Party|Xaysomphone Phomvihane, President of the Standing Committee|Lao Front for National Construction|December 2, 1975197502}}
Flag of Vietnam.svg}} Socialist Republic of VietnamNguyễn Phú Trọng, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam>General SecretaryFlag of the Communist Party of Vietnam.svg}} Communist Party of Vietnam|Trần Thanh Mẫn, Chairman|Vietnamese Fatherland Front|April 30, 1975197530}}

De facto one-party states

{{As of|2019}} the following countries are one-party states in practice:Article 32 of the SADR constitution states: The Polisario is the sole political formation allowed for Sahrawis to exercise politics until complete independence WEB, Constitution of the SADR,weblink 19 October 2011,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071111161544weblink">weblink 11 November 2007, {|class="wikitable sortable"!Country!Head of party!Party!Head of popular front!Popular Front!Date of establishment!Duration
Flag of Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg}} Sahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicBrahim Ghali, Polisario Front#Structure>Secretary-GeneralFlag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg}} Polisario Front|||February 27, 1976197627}}

Former one-party states

">

Former big tent modernist one-party states{|class"wikitable sortable"

!Country!Party!Date of establishment!Date of dissolution
Turkey}}Flag of the Republican People's Party (Turkey).svg}} Republican People's Party|1923|1945
Cameroon}} |Cameroon People's Democratic Movement|1975|1990
Tunisia}} |Neo Destour|1963|1964
Tunisia}} |Socialist Destourian Party|1964|1981
Republic of China}} Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg}} Kuomintang|Mainland China: 1925Taiwan: 1945|Mainland China: 1949Taiwan: 1990
SyriaSyrian Republic (1930–1963)>Syrian Republic|Arab Liberation Movement|1953|1954
Flag of Afghanistan (1974–1978).svg}} Republic of AfghanistanNational Revolutionary Party of Afghanistan>National Revolutionary Party|24/02/1977Afghanistan: A Country StudyAfghanistan 1977 |28/04/1978
">

Former left-wing one-party states{|class"wikitable sortable"

!Country!Party!Front!Date of establishment!Date of dissolution
Algeria}} National Liberation Front (Algeria)>National Liberation Front||1962|1989
Angola}} AngolaMPLA>People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola||1975|1991
Bangladesh}} |Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League||1974|1975
BurmaBurmese Way to Socialism>BurmaBurma Socialist Programme Party flag.svg}} Burma Socialist Programme Party||1962|1988
{{flag1975}} |African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde||1975|1980
|African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde||1980|1990
Central African Republic}} |Movement for the Social Evolution of Black Africa||1962|1980
Djibouti}} |People's Rally for Progress||1977|1992
Equatorial Guinea}} |United National Workers' Party ||1970|1979
Egypt|1972}} Arab Socialist Union (Egypt)>Arab Socialist Union||1962|1976
Eritrea|1993}} |Eritrean People's Liberation Front||1993|1994
EthiopiaTransitional Government of Ethiopia>Ethiopia
Ghana|1964}} |Convention People's Party||1964|1966
Guinea}} |Democratic Party of Guinea – African Democratic Rally||1958|1984
Guinea-Bissau}} |African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde||1974|1991
Indonesia}} |Indonesian National Party||17 August 1945|3 November 1945
Flag of Iraq (1959-1963).svg}} {{flagicon imageIraqi Republic (1958–68)>IraqArab Socialist Union (Iraq)>Iraqi Arab Socialist Union|| 1964|1968
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991).svg}} {{flagicon imageBa'athist Iraq>IraqFlag of the Ba'ath Party.svg}} Arab Socialist Ba'ath PartyNational Progressive Front (Iraq)>National Progressive Front|1968|2003
LibyaHistory of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi#Libyan Arab Republic>Libya |Libyan Arab Socialist Union||1971|1977
Madagascar}} Democratic Republic of Madagascar Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar>National Front for the Defense of the Revolution||1976|1989
Mali}} |Democratic Union of the Malian People||1976|05/04/199124. Mali (1960-present)
Mauritania|1959}} |Mauritanian People's Party||1961|1978
São Tomé and Príncipe}} |Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party||1975|1990
Senegal}} |Socialist Party of Senegal||1966|1974
Seychelles|1977}} United Seychelles Party>Seychelles People's Progressive Front||1977|1991
Sierra Leone}} |All People's Congress||1978|1991
Sudan}} Democratic Republic of the Sudan|Sudanese Socialist Union||1971|1985
Syria}}Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region>Arab Socialist Ba'ath PartyNational Progressive Front (Syria)>National Progressive Front|1963|2012
Tanzania}} |Chama Cha Mapinduzi||1977|1992
Tanganyika}} |Tanganyika African National Union||1961|1977
Uganda}} |Uganda People's Congress||1969|1971
United Arab Republic}} |National Union||1958|1961
Flag of Xinjiang-Shicai 2.svg}} Xinjiang|People's Anti-Imperialist Association||1935|1942
Zambia|1964}} |United National Independence Party||1972|1990
Zanzibar}} |Afro-Shirazi Party||1964|1977
">

Former Marxist–Leninist one-party countries{|class"wikitable sortable"

!Country!Party!Popular Front!Date of establishment!Date of dissolution
Flag of Afghanistan (1978).svg}}{{flagicon imageFlag of Afghanistan (1980-1987).svg}}{{flagicon imageDemocratic Republic of Afghanistan>AfghanistanFlag of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan.svg}} People's Democratic Party of AfghanistanNational Front (Afghanistan)>National Fatherland Front198024}}199027}}
{{flagicon imageFlag of Albania (1946-1992).svg}} Democratic Government of AlbaniaParty of Labour of AlbaniaNational Liberation Movement (Albania)>National Liberation Movement194420}}19455}}
Democratic Front19455}}194611}}
Flag of Albania (1946-1992).svg}} People's Republic of Albania
{{flagicon image|Flag of Albania (1946-1992).svg}} People's Socialist Republic of Albania
194611}}199011}}
Angola}} People's Republic of AngolaMovimento Popular de Libertação de Angola (bandeira).svg}} People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola|197511}}199130}}
Flag of SSRA.svg}} ArmeniaCommunist Party of Armenia (Soviet Union)>Communist Party of Armenia|19202}}192230}}
Flag of Azerbaijan 1920.gif}} {{flagicon imageFlag of Azerbaijan SSR (1921-1922).svg}} Azerbaijan|Communist Party of Azerbaijan|192030}}192230}}
BeninPeople's Republic of Benin>BeninFlag of PRPB.svg}} People's Revolutionary Party of Benin|197530}}19901}}
Flag of Bulgaria (1946-1948).svg}}{{flagicon imageFlag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg}}{{flagicon imagePeople's Republic of Bulgaria>BulgariaFlagBKP.svg}} Bulgarian Communist PartyBulgarian Fatherland Front>Fatherland Front194615}}199015}}
Flag of Byelorussian SSR (1919-1927).svg}} Byelorussia|Communist Party of Byelorussia|192031}}192230}}
National Flag of Chinese Soviet Republic.svg}} Chinese Soviet Republic|Communist Party of China||1930|1937
Czechoslovak Socialist RepublicCzechoslovak Socialist Republic>CzechoslovakiaFlag of the KSC.svg}} Communist Party of CzechoslovakiaNational Front (Czechoslovakia)>National Front194825}}198929}}
{{flagicon imageEast Germany}} East Germany{{Flagicon image|Flagge der SED.svg}} Socialist Unity Party of GermanyDemocratic Bloc (East Germany)>Democratic Bloc19497}}195030}}
National Front of the German Democratic Republic>National Front of Democratic Germany195030}}|1973
|National Front of the German Democratic Republic|1973
19891}}
Flag of the Commune of the Working People of Estonia.svg}} EstoniaCommunist Party of the Soviet Union>Russian Communist Party(Central Committee of the Estonian Sections)|191829}}19195}}
Flag of Estonian SSR (1940-1953).svg}} Estonia|Communist Party of Estonia|194021}}19409}}
Flag of Ethiopia (1975–1987) (02).svg}} Ethiopia|Workers' Party of Ethiopia|198412}}198722}}
Flag of Ethiopia (1987–1991).svg}} Ethiopia|Workers' Party of Ethiopia|198722}}199128}}
Flag of Georgian SSR (1921-1922).svg}} GeorgiaCommunist Party of Georgia (Soviet Union)>Communist Party of Georgia|192125}}192230}}
Grenada}} Grenada|New Jewel Movement|197913}}198325}}
Communist-controlled China (1927–1949)>Guangzhou|Communist Party of China| |1927|1927
Communist-controlled China (1927–1949)>Hunan|Communist Party of China||1927|1927
{{flagd1949}}{{flagdrev}}{{flagd1956}}{{flagicon imageHungarian People's Republic>HungaryFlag of the Hungarian Working People's Party.svg}} Hungarian Working People's Party|194920}}195630}}
|Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party|
19564}}19897}}
Communist-controlled China (1927–1949)>Jinggang|Communist Party of China||1927|1928
Flag of Cambodia.svg}}{{flagicon imageDemocratic Kampuchea>KampucheaBanner of the Communist Party of Kampuchea.svg}} Communist Party of Kampuchea|197517}}198222}}
Flag of the People's Republic of Kampuchea.svg}}{{flagicon imagePeople's Republic of Kampuchea>KampucheaCambodian People's Party>Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party|19797}}199123}}
Flag of Latvian SSR (1918-1920).svg}} Latvia|Communist Party of Latvia|191817}}192013}}
Flag of Latvian SSR (1940-1953).svg}} Latvia|Communist Party of Latvia|194021}}19405}}
Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1924-1930).svg}}{{flagicon imageFlag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1940-1945).svg}}{{flagicon imageMongolian People's Republic>MongoliaMongolian People's Party>Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party||1921199029}}
Flag of Mozambique (1974-1975).svg}}{{flagicon imageFlag of Mozambique (1983).svg}}{{flagicon imagePeople's Republic of Mozambique>MozambiqueMz frelimo.png}} FRELIMO|197525}}19901}}
{{flagicon|North Vietnam}} North VietnamWorkers' Party of North VietnamViệt Minh>League for the Independence of Vietnam19452}}|1946
|Vietnamese National Popular Front|1951|1955
|Vietnamese Fatherland Front|1955
19762}}
Flag of Lithuanian SSR (1940-1953).svg}} Lithuania|Communist Party of Lithuania|194021}}19403}}
Flag of the Lithuanian-Byelorussian SSR.svg}} Lithuania–ByelorussiaCommunist Party (bolsheviks) of Lithuania and Belorussia>Communist Party of Lithuania and Belorussia|191917}}191917}}
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg}} {{flagicon1970}} People's Republic of the Congo|Congolese Party of Labour|196931}}1991|6}}
Flag of Persian Socialist Soviet Republic.svg}} Persia|Communist Party of Persia|1920|5}}1921|9}}
{{flagicon imageFlag of Poland (with coat of arms, 1980-1990).svg}} Poland{{Flagicon image|Polish United WorkerÅ› Party flag.svg}} Polish United Workers' Party|Front of National Unity19475}}1982|7}}
|Patriotic Movement for National Rebirth
1982|7}}198924}}
{{flagicon imageFlag of Romania (1948-1952).svg}}{{flagicon imageFlag of Romania (1965-1989).svg}} Romania{{Flagicon image|Flag of PCR.svg}} Romanian Communist PartyPeople's Democratic Front (Romania)>People's Democratic Front19485}}|1968
Front of Socialist Unity and Democracy>Front of Socialist Unity|1968|1980
|Front of Socialist Unity and Democracy|1980
198929}}
Russia
{{flagicon image|Flag the Russian SFSR (1918).svg}} {{flagicon image|Flag of the Russian SFSR (1918-1920).svg}} Soviet Russian Republic
{{flagicon image|Flag the Russian SFSR (1918).svg}} {{flagicon image|Flag of the Russian SFSR (1918-1920).svg}} Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic
Communist Party of the Soviet Union>Russian Social Democratic Labour Party|191819}}19188}}
Communist Party of the Soviet Union>Russian Communist Party|19188}}192230}}
Somalia}} Somalia|Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party|1976|7}}199126}}
South Yemen}} South YemenYemeni Socialist Party Flag.svg}} Yemeni Socialist Party|197831}}199022}}
Communist-controlled China (1927–1949)>Southwest Jiangxi|Communist Party of China||1930|1931
{{flagicon imageFlag of the Soviet Union (1924).svg}}{{flagicon imageFlag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg}}{{flagicon imageFlag of the Soviet Union.svg}} Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsCommunist Party of the Soviet Union>Russian Communist Party|192230}}192531}}The Constitution of the Russian Federation: A Contextual Analysis By Jane Henderson
Communist Party of the Soviet Union>All-Union Communist Party|192531}}195213}}
|Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
195213}}19909}}Ideology And Political System By Kundan Kumar
{{flagicon imageTranscaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic>TranscaucasiaCommunist Party of Armenia (Soviet Union)>Communist Part of Armenia|192212}}192230}}
|Communist Party of Azerbaijan|
192212}}192230}}
Communist Party of Georgia (Soviet Union)>Communist Party of Georgia|192212}}192230}}
Flag of the Tuvinian Peoples Revolutionary Party.svg}}{{flagicon imageFlag of the Tuvan People's Republic (1926-1930).svg}}{{flagicon imageFlag of the Tuvan People's Republic (1933-1939).svg}}{{flagicon imageFlag of the Tuvan People's Republic (1943-1944).svg}} Tuva|Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party|192114}}194411}}
Flag of Ukrainian SSR (1919-1929).svg}} UkraineCommunist Party of Ukraine (Soviet Union)>Communist Party of Ukraine|191910}}192230}}
Communist-controlled China (1927–1949)>Yan'an|Communist Party of China||1937|1949
Flag of South Yemen.svg}} YemenYemeni Socialist Party Flag.svg}} Yemeni Socialist Party|199421}}19947}}
Flag of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia.svg}} {{flagicon imageSocialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia>Yugoslavia|League of Communists of Yugoslavia|Socialist Alliance of Working People of Yugoslavia194529}}19908}}
">

Former right-wing one-party states{|class"wikitable sortable"

!Country!Party!Date of establishment!Date of dissolution
Hawaii}} HawaiiReform Party (Hawaii)>Reform Party|1894|1898
Brazil}} Brazilian military regimeNational Renewal Alliance>ARENA{{refngroup=NoteBrazilian Democratic Movement>MDB, ARENA was de facto the only governing party.}}|1964|1979 (one-party system)1985 (entire regime)
Gabon}} |Gabonese Democratic Party|1968|1990
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg}} Kingdom of Spain|Spanish Patriotic Union|1924|1930
Malawi}} |Malawi Congress Party|1964|1993
Iran}} |Islamic Republican Party|1981|1987
Rwanda|1962}} |National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development|1978|1991
Niger}} |National Movement for the Development of Society|1989|1991
">

Former fascist or nationalist one-party states{|class"wikitable sortable"

!Country!Party!National front!Date of establishment!Date of dissolution
{{flagicon imageItalian protectorate of Albania (1939–1943)>Albanian KingdomFlag of Albania (1939–1943).svg}} Albanian Fascist Party||02/06/1939|27/07/1943
|Guard of Greater Albania||27/07/1943|08/09/1943
Flag of Albania (1943–1944).svg}} Albanian KingdomBalli Kombëtar>National Front||14/09/1943|29/11/1944
Flag of Austria.svg}} Federal State of AustriaFlag of the Fatherland Front of Austria.svg}} Fatherland Front ||01/05/1934|13/03/1938
Flag of Burundi (1967–1982).svg}}{{flagicon imageBurundi>Republic of BurundiFlag of the UPRONA.svg}} Union for National Progress||11/07/1974|13/03/1992
Flag of Cameroon (1961-1975).svg}}{{flagicon imageCameroon>Republic of CameroonCameroon People's Democratic Movement#Cameroonian National Union>Cameroonian National Union||01/09/1966The Search for a Cameroonian Model of Democracy or the Search for the Domination of the State Party: 1966-2006|24/03/1985
{{flagicon image|Flag of the Central African Republic.svg}} Central African Republic|Central African Democratic Union||01/03/1980|02/09/1981
|Central African Democratic Rally||06/02/1987|22/04/1991Central African Republic Unions Strike for Democracy 1990-1993
{{flagicon imageChad>Republic of Chad|Chadian Progressive Party||16/04/1962|06/04/1973
Chadian Progressive Party>National Movement for the Cultural and Social Revolution||06/04/1973|13/04/1975
|National Union for Independence and Revolution||1984|1990
Comoros|1978}} |Comorian Union for Progress||1982|1990
Flag of Independent State of Croatia.svg}} Independent State of CroatiaUstashe>Ustaša – Croatian Revolutionary Movement||10/04/1941|08/05/1945
{{flagicon imageRepublic of Dahomey>Dahomey|Dahomeyan Unity Party||1961|1963
|Dahomeyan Democratic Party||1963|1965
Dominican Republic}} Dominican Republic|Dominican Party||1931|1961
{{flag1972}} National Democratic Party ||1956|1958
||1961|1962
El Salvador}} El Salvador|National Pro Patria Party||1931|1944
Equatorial Guinea}} |Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea|| 1987| 1991
Flag of Estonia.svg}} Republic of EstoniaPatriotic League (Estonia)>Patriotic League|National Front for the Implementation of the Constitution|09/03/1935|21/07/1940
Flag of the German Reich (1933–1935).svg}} {{flagicon imageNazi Germany>German Reich
{{flagicon image|Flag of the German Reich (1935–1945).svg}} Greater German Reich
Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg}} National Socialist German Workers' Party
Guatemala}} Guatemala|Progressive Liberal Party||1931|1944
HaitiDuvalier dynasty>HaitiNational Unity Party (Haiti)>National Unity Party||1957|1985
Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946).svg}} Hungary Flag of the Arrow Cross Party 1942 to 1945.svg}} Arrow Cross Party||16/10/1944|07/05/1945
1931 Flag of India.svg}} India|Azad Hind Dal||21/10/1943|18/08/1945
IranPahlavi dynasty>Imperial State of Iran|Rastakhiz Party||1975|1978
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg}} Kingdom of Italy
  • {{flagicon image|Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg}} Libya
Flag of the National Fascist Party (PNF).svg}} National Fascist Party
Flag of Italy.svg}} Italian Social RepublicFlag of the National Fascist Party (PNF).svg}} Republican Fascist Party||13/09/1943|28/04/1945
Ivory Coast}} |Democratic Party of Côte d'Ivoire – African Democratic Rally||1960|1990
Kenya}} |Kenya African National Union||1982|1991
Lithuania|1939}} Lithuania|Lithuanian Nationalist Union||1927|1940
Flag of Manchukuo.svg}} ManchukuoFlag of Concordia Association.svg}} Concordia Association||01/04/1932China at War: Regions of China, 1937-1945|01/05/1945
Flag of the German Reich (1935–1945).svg}} Reich Commissariat for the Occupied Dutch TerritoriesFlag of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands.png}} National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands||14/12/1941|06/05/1945
Niger}} |Nigerien Progressive Party – African Democratic Rally||1960|1974
North Yemen}} General People's Congress (Yemen)>General People's Congress||1982|1988
Nazi Germany}} Norway Flag of Nasjonal Samling.svg}} National Gathering||01/02/1942|09/05/1945
Ottoman Empire}} Ottoman Empire |Committee of Union and Progress||1913|1918
Paraguay}} Paraguay Colorado Party (Paraguay)>Colorado Party||1947|1962
Flag of Japan (1870–1999).svg}} Philippine Executive CommissionFlag of Kalibapi.svg}} Association for Service to the New Philippines||08/12/1942|14/10/1943
Flag of the Philippines (1943-1945).svg}} Republic of the PhilippinesFlag of Kalibapi.svg}} Association for Service to the New Philippines||14/10/1943|17/08/1945
{{flagiconEstado Novo (Portugal)>Portugal{{flagicon imageNational Union (Portugal)>National Union||30/07/193012th Period - Second Republic of Portugal|08/10/1945
||31/01/1948Fascism and Resistance in Portugal: Communists, Liberals and Military|25/04/1974
{{flagiconKingdom of Romania>Romania Flag of the National Renaissance Front.svg}} National Renaissance Front||16/12/1938|21/06/1940
Flag of the National Renaissance Front.svg}} Party of the Nation||21/06/1940|06/09/1940
Flag of the Legionary Movement.png}} Iron Guard||14/09/1940|23/01/1941
Rwanda|1962}} |Parmehutu||1965|1973
{{flagicon|San Marino}} San Marino|Sammarinese Fascist Party||1926|1943
|Republican Fascist Party of San Marino||1943|1944
Flag of First Slovak Republic 1939-1945.svg}} Slovak RepublicFlag of the Hlinka party (1938–1945) variant 2.svg}} Hlinka's Slovak People's Party – Party of Slovak National Unity||14/03/1939|08/05/1945
Flag of Spain (1945–1977).svg}} Spanish StateBandera FE JONS.svg}} Falange||19/04/1937|06/07/1976Law 21/1976, of June 14, on the Right of Political Association.
Sudan}} National Congress (Sudan)>National Congress Party||1989|2005
{{flag|Togo}} |Party of Togolese Unity||1962|1963
|Rally of the Togolese People||1969|1991
Turkmenistan}} |Democratic Party of Turkmenistan||1992|2008
Upper Volta}} Upper Volta African Democratic Rally (Burkina Faso)>Voltaic Democratic Union-African Democratic Rally||1960|1966
Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.svg}} Yugoslavia Yugoslav National Party>Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy||1929|1931
Zaire}} Zaire |Popular Movement of the Revolution||1970|1990

See also

Notes

{{reflist|group=Note}}

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Authoritarian types of rule}}{{Authority control}}

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