Chancellor of the Exchequer

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Chancellor of the Exchequer
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{{distinguish|Chancellor of the Exchequer of Ireland|Lord Chancellor|Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster|Chancellor of the High Court|Chief Baron of the Exchequer}}{{short description|Senior official in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom responsible for economic and financial matters}}{{EngvarB|date=March 2015}}

Member of parliament>MP)| deputy = Chief Secretary to the}}| Deputy = Economic Secretary to the Treasury & Financial Minister}}The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer,{{efn|This is used in almost all cases, including formal uses, for example in Parliament where it is common to refer to the position as 'Mr Chancellor of the Exchequer'. An example use of the full title is on writs appointing people to offices in the Manor of Northstead or the Chiltern Hundreds.}} or simply the Chancellorweblink is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury. The office is a British Cabinet-level position.The chancellor is responsible for all economic and financial matters, equivalent to the role of finance minister in other nations. The position is considered one of the four Great Offices of State, and in recent times has come to be the most powerful office in British politics after the prime minister.The Chancellor of the Exchequer is now always Second Lord of the Treasury as one of the Lords Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Treasurer. In the 18th and early 19th centuries, it was common for the prime minister also to serve as Chancellor of the Exchequer if he sat in the Commons; the last chancellor who was simultaneously prime minister and Chancellor of the Exchequer was Stanley Baldwin in 1923. Formerly, in cases when the chancellorship was vacant, the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench would act as Chancellor pro tempore.Joseph Haydn, Horace Ockerby (ed.): The Book of Dignities, 3rd edition, Part III (Political and Official), p. 164. W.H. Allen & Co., London 1894, reprinted by Firecrest Publishing Ltd, Pancakes, 1969. The last Lord Chief Justice to serve in this way was Lord Denman in 1834.The chancellor is the third-oldest major state office in English and British history; it originally carried responsibility for the Exchequer, the medieval English institution for the collection and auditing of royal revenues which dates from the Anglo-Saxon periodBOOK, Loyn, Henry, The Governance of Anglo-Saxon England, 500-1087, Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 1984, 0-8047-1217-4, and survived the Norman conquest of England.BOOK, Stafford, Pauline, Pauline Stafford, Unification and Conquest: A Political and Social History of England in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries, Edward Arnold, London, 1989, 0-7131-6532-4, {{rp|149}} The earliest surviving records which are the results of the exchequer's audit, date from 1129–30 under King Henry I and show continuity from previous years.Chrimes Administrative History pp. 62–63 The chancellor controlled monetary policy as well as fiscal policy until 1997, when the Bank of England was granted independent control of its interest rates. The chancellor also has oversight of public spending across Government departments.

Second Lord of the Treasury

The holder of the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer is ex officio Second Lord of the Treasury as a member of the commission exercising the ancient office of Lord High Treasurer.WEB,weblink Great Offices of State, The Cabinet Papers, The National Archives (United Kingdom), The National Archives, 21 December 2010, As the Second Lord, his official residence is 11 Downing Street in London, next door to the residence of the First Lord of the Treasury (a title that has for many years been held by the prime minister), who resides in 10 Downing Street. While in the past both houses were private residences, today they serve as interlinked offices, with the occupant living in an apartment made from attic rooms previously resided in by servants.Since 1827, the chancellor has always simultaneously held the office of Second Lord of the Treasury when that person has not also been the prime minister.

Roles and responsibilities

A previous chancellor, Robert Lowe, described the office in the following terms in the House of Commons, on 11 April 1870: "The Chancellor of the Exchequer is a man whose duties make him more or less of a taxing machine. He is entrusted with a certain amount of misery which it is his duty to distribute as fairly as he can."

Fiscal policy

The chancellor has considerable control over other departments as it is the Treasury which sets Departmental Expenditure Limits. The amount of power this gives to an individual chancellor depends on his personal forcefulness, his status within his party and his relationship with the prime minister. Gordon Brown, who became chancellor when Labour came into Government in 1997, had a large personal power base in the party. Perhaps as a result, Tony Blair chose to keep him in the same position throughout his ten years as prime minister; making Brown an unusually dominant figure and the longest-serving chancellor since the Reform Act of 1832.WEB,weblink Gordon Brown: Chancellor of the Exchequer, Encyclopedia II,, 2 May 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 2 November 2012, dmy-all, This has strengthened a pre-existing trend towards the Chancellor occupying a clear second position among government ministers, elevated above his traditional peers, the Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary.One part of the Chancellor's key roles involves the framing of the annual year budget. As of 2017, the first is the Autumn Budget, also known as Budget Day which forecasts government spending in the next financial year and also announces new financial measures. The second is a Spring Statement, also known as a "mini-Budget". Britain's tax year has retained the old Julian end of year: 24 March (Old Style) / 5 April (New Style, i.e. Gregorian). From 1993, the Budget was in spring, preceded by an annual autumn statement. This was then called Pre-Budget Report. The Autumn Statement usually took place in November or December. The 1997, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2012 and 2016 budgets were all delivered on a Wednesday, summarised in a speech to the House of Commons.The budget is a state secret until the chancellor reveals it in his speech to Parliament. Hugh Dalton, on his way to giving the budget speech in 1947, inadvertently blurted out key details to a newspaper reporter, and they appeared in print before he made his speech. Dalton was forced to resign.Ben Pimlott, Hugh Dalton (1985) pp 524-48.

Monetary policy

Although the Bank of England is responsible for setting interest rates, the chancellor also plays an important part in the monetary policy structure. He sets the inflation target which the Bank must set interest rates to meet. Under the Bank of England Act 1998 the chancellor has the power of appointment of four out of nine members of the Bank's Monetary Policy Committee – the so-called 'external' members. He also has a high level of influence over the appointment of the Bank's Governor and Deputy Governors, and has the right of consultation over the appointment of the two remaining MPC members from within the Bank.WEB,weblink Monetary Policy | Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) | Framework, Bank of England, 6 May 1997, 2 May 2010,weblink" title="">weblink 8 May 2010, dead, dmy-all, The Act also provides that the Government has the power to give instructions to the Bank on interest rates for a limited period in extreme circumstances. This power has never been officially used.

Ministerial arrangements

At HM Treasury the chancellor is supported by a political team of four junior ministers and by permanent civil servants. The most important junior minister is the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, a member of the Cabinet, to whom the negotiations with other government departments on the details of government spending are delegated, followed by the Paymaster General, the Financial Secretary to the Treasury and the Economic Secretary to the Treasury. Whilst not continuously in use, there can also be appointed a Commercial Secretary to the Treasury and an Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury. Two other officials are given the title of a Secretary to the Treasury, although neither is a government minister in the Treasury: the Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury is the Government Chief Whip in the House of Commons; the Permanent Secretary to the Treasury is not a minister but the senior civil servant in the Treasury.The chancellor is obliged to be a member of the Privy Council, and thus is styled the Right Honourable (Rt. Hon.). Because the House of Lords is excluded from financial matters by tradition confirmed by the Parliament Acts, the office is effectively limited to members of the House of Commons; apart from these occasions (see above) when the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench has acted as interim Chancellor the last peer to hold the office was Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington (at that time only a Baron, Lord Delamer) from 9 April 1689 to 18 March 1690. The chancellor holds the formerly independent office of Master of the Mint as a subsidiary office.WEB,weblink Sir Isaac Newton – did you know?, The Royal Mint, James, Owen, 19 December 2012, 6 June 2017,

Perquisites of the office

Official residence

The Chancellor of the Exchequer has no official London residence as such but since 1828 in his role as Second Lord of the Treasury he lives in the Second Lord's official residence, No. 11 Downing Street.WEB, History of Number 11 Downing Street,weblink UK Government, 16 October 2014, In 1997, the then First and Second Lords, Tony Blair and Gordon Brown respectively, swapped apartments, as the Chancellor's apartment in No. 11 was bigger and thus better suited to the needs of Blair (who had children living with him, including one born during his tenure) than Brown who was at that stage unmarried.


Dorneywood is the summer residence that is traditionally made available to the chancellor, though it is the prime minister who ultimately decides who may use it. Gordon Brown, on becoming chancellor in 1997, refused to use it and the house, which is set in {{convert|215|acre|ha}}WEB,weblink Burnham Parish Council, Local History, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 1 October 2011, dmy-all, of parkland, was allocated to Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott. It reverted to the chancellor in 2007, then Alistair Darlingweblink {{webarchive |url= |date=5 June 2011 }}

Budget box

(File:Cropped Gladstone's Red Box.jpg|thumb|right|Budget box or Gladstone box, {{circa}} 1860)The chancellor traditionally carries his Budget speech to the House of Commons in a particular red Despatch Box. The Chancellor's red briefcase is identical to the briefcases used by all other government ministers (known as ministerial boxes or "Despatch Boxes") to transport their official papers but is better known because the chancellor traditionally displays the briefcase, containing the Budget speech, to the press in the morning before delivering the speech.The original Budget briefcase was first used by William Ewart Gladstone in 1853 and continued in use until 1965 when James Callaghan was the first chancellor to break with tradition when he used a newer box. Prior to Gladstone, a generic red Despatch Box of varying design and specification was used. The practice is said to have begun in the late 16th century, when Queen Elizabeth I's representative Francis Throckmorton presented the Spanish Ambassador, Bernardino de Mendoza, with a specially constructed red briefcase filled with black puddings.{{Citation needed|date=January 2008}}In July 1997, Gordon Brown became the second chancellor to use a new box for the Budget. Made by industrial trainees at Babcock Rosyth Defence Ltd ship and submarine dockyard in Fife, the new box is made of yellow pine, with a brass handle and lock, covered in scarlet leather and embossed with the Royal cypher and crest and the Chancellor's title. In his first Budget, in March 2008, Alistair Darling reverted to using the original budget briefcase and his successor, George Osborne, continued this tradition for his first budget, before announcing that it would be retired due to its fragile condition.The Guardian, 11 March 2011 The key to the original budget box has been lost.Alistair Darling, Back from the Brink(2011)

Budget tipple

By tradition, the chancellor has been allowed to drink whatever he or she wishes while making the annual Budget Speech to parliament. This includes alcohol, which is otherwise banned under parliamentary rules.Previous chancellors have opted for whisky (Kenneth Clarke), gin and tonic (Geoffrey Howe), brandy and water (Benjamin Disraeli and John Major), spritzer (Nigel Lawson) and sherry and beaten egg (William Gladstone).WEB,weblink The Budget and Parliament, Parliament of the United Kingdom, 8 November 2015, The recent chancellors, Philip Hammond, George Osborne, Alistair Darling and Gordon Brown,NEWS, Lydall, Ross,weblink Chancellor names his preferred Budget tipple â€“ a glass of plain London tap water, The Scotsman, 6 March 2008, 2 May 2010, opted for water. In fact Darling drank what was named "Standard Water" in reference to, and support of, the London Evening Standard newspaper's campaign to have plain tap water available in restaurants at no charge to customers.WEB,weblink Murphy, Joe, 5 March 2008, Darling chooses tap water for Budget Day to support Standard campaign, London Evening Standard, 9 February 2012,

Robe of office

The chancellor has a robe of office,WEB, Photographb,weblink similar to that of the Lord Chancellor (as seen in several of the portraits depicted below). In recent times, it has only regularly been worn at Coronations, but some chancellors (at least until the 1990s) have also worn it when attending the Trial of the Pyx as Master of the Mint. According to George Osborne, the robe (dating from Gladstone's time in office, and worn by the likes of Lloyd George and Churchill)WEB, Portrait,weblink 'went missing' during Gordon Brown's time as chancellor.NEWS,,weblink Bloomberg, Gonzalo, Vina, 10 December 2010,

List of Chancellors of the Exchequer

Chancellors of the Exchequer of England (c. 1221 – c. 1558)

{{Expand list|date=January 2011}}{| class="wikitable plainrowheaders" style="text-align:center;"|+ Chancellor of the Exchequer of England! Portrait! Name! colspan=2 | Term of office! colspan=2 | Monarch{{small|(Reign)}}75px)Eustace of Fauconberg{{small>Bishop of London(died 1228)}}1221}}| {{n/a}}! scope=row rowspan=11 style="text-align:center" | Henry III(File:Coat of Arms of England (-1340).svg|50px){{small|(1216{{ndash}}1272)}}75px)John Maunsell{{small>Secretary of State(1190/95{{ndash}}1265)}}1234}}| {{n/a}}|| Ralph de Leicester before 1248|Edward of Westminster (Chancellor of the Exchequer)>Edward of Westminster| 1248| {{n/a}}|| Albric de Fiscamp before 126375px)John Chishull{{small>Lord Chancellor{{refngroup=1221}}(died 1280)}}| 1263| 126575px)Walter Giffard{{small>Bishop of Bath and Wells({{circa|1225}}{{snd}}1279)}}| 1265| 126675px)Godfrey Giffard{{small>Lord Chancellor({{circa|1235}}{{snd}}1302)}}| 1266| 126875px)John Chishull{{small>Lord Chancellor(died 1280)}}| 1268| 126975px)Richard Middleton (Lord Chancellor)>Richard of Middleton{{small|Archdeacon of Northumberland(died 1272)}}| 1269Died|†}}| Roger de la Leye before 1283| Geoffrey de Neuband! scope=row rowspan=3 style="text-align:center" | Edward I(File:Coat of Arms of England (-1340).svg|50px){{small|(1272{{ndash}}1307)}}|| Philip de Willoughby| 1283| 130575px)John de Benstede>Sir John Benstead{{small{{small>Secretary of State (England)({{circa>1275}}{{snd}}1323/24)}}| 1305| 130675px)John Sandale{{small>Bishop of Winchester(died 1319)}} {{smallJuly}}}}1307| 1308! scope=row rowspan=6 style="text-align:center" | Edward II(File:Coat of Arms of England (-1340).svg|50px){{small|(1307{{ndash}}1327)}}|Markenfield Hall>John of Markenfield| 1309| 131275px)John Hotham (bishop)>John Hotham{{small|Bishop of Ely(died 1337)}}| 1312| 131675px)Hervey de Stanton{{small>(1260{{ndash}}1327)}}| 13161323}}75px)Walter de Stapledon{{small>Lord High Treasurer(1261{{ndash}}1326)}}| 13231324}}75px)Hervey de Stanton{{small>Chief Justice of the Common Pleas(1260{{ndash}}1327)}}| 1324 {{smallJanuary}}}}132775px)Adam de Harvington{{small>({{circa1345}})}} {{smallJanuary}}}}1327| 1330! scope=row rowspan=7 style="text-align:center" | Edward III(File:Coat of Arms of Edward III of England (1327-1377) (Attributed).svg|50px){{small|(1327{{ndash}}1377)}}{{refn|Lord Lancaster served as Regent of England during the minority of Edward III.|group=1221}}75px)Robert Wodehouse{{small>(died 1346)}}| 1330| 133175px)Robert de Stratford{{small>Bishop of Chichester({{circa|1292}}{{snd}}1362)}}| 1331| 1334|| John Hildesle1338}}| {{n/a}}|| William de Everdon| 1341| {{n/a}}|William Askeby{{small>Archdeacon of Northampton}}| 1363| {{n/a}}75px)Robert de Ashton>Sir Robert de Ashton{{small|(died 1385)}}| 1375 {{smallJune}}}}1377|Walter Barnham>Sir Walter Barnham {{smallJune}}}}1377 {{smallSeptember}}}}1399! scope=row style="text-align:center" | Richard II(File:Coat of Arms of Richard II of England (1377-1399).svg|50px){{small|(1377{{ndash}}1399)}} (File:No image.svg|75px) Henry Somer{{smallMiddlesex (UK Parliament constituency)>Middlesex({{circa|1370}}{{snd}}1450)}} 1410 1437! scope=row style="text-align:center" | Henry IV(File:Coat of Arms of Henry IV of England (1399-1413).svg|50px){{small|(1399{{ndash}}1413)}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" | Henry V(File:Coat of Arms of Henry IV & V of England (1413-1422).svg|50px){{small|(1413{{ndash}}1422)}}{{zwsp}}! rowspan=4 scope=row style="text-align:center" | Henry VI(File:Coat of Arms of Henry VI of England (1422-1471).svg|50px){{small|(1422{{ndash}}1461)}}{{refn|The Regency government led by the Regency Council governed England during the minority of Henry VI.|group=1221}}75px)John Somerset{{small>(died 1454)}}| 1441| 144775px)Thomas Browne (died 1460)>Sir Thomas Browne{{smallDover (UK Parliament constituency)>Dover(1402–1460)}}| 1440?| 1450?75px)Thomas Witham{{small>({{circa|1420}}{{snd}}1489)}}| 1454| {{n/a}}75px)Thomas Thwaites{{small>({{circa|1435}}{{ndash}}1503)}} {{smallMarch}}}}1461| {{n/a}}! scope=row rowspan=3 style="text-align:center" | Edward IV(File:Coat of Arms of Edward IV of England (1461-1483).svg|50px){{small|(1461{{ndash}}1470)}}75px)Thomas Witham{{small>({{circa|1420}}{{snd}}1489)}}| 1465| 1469{{zwsp}} Richard Fowler (chancellor)Richard Fowler{{small>({{circa|1425}}{{snd}}1477)}} 1469 {{smallApril}}}}1471! scope=row style="text-align:center" | Henry VI(File:Coat of Arms of Henry VI of England (1422-1471).svg|50px){{small|(1470{{ndash}}1471)}}75px)Thomas Thwaites{{small>Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster({{circa|1435}}{{ndash}}1503)}} {{smallApril}}}}1471 {{smallApril}}}}1483! scope=row style="text-align:center" | Edward IV(File:Coat of Arms of Edward IV of England (1461-1483).svg|50px){{small|(1471{{ndash}}1483)}} (File:No image.svg|75px) William CatesbyWilliam Catesby{{small>Speaker of the House of Commons(1450{{ndash}}1485)}} {{smallApril}}}}1483 {{circa|1484}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" | Edward V(File:Coat of Arms of Edward V of England (1483).svg|50px){{small|(1483)}}{{refn|The Duke of Gloucester served as Regent of England during the reign of Edward V.|group=1221}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" | Richard III(File:Coat of Arms of Richard III of England (1483-1485).svg|50px){{small|(1483{{ndash}}1485)}} (File:No image.svg|75px) Thomas LovellThomas Lovell{{small>List of Speakers of the House of Commons of England{{refn>Served until 1488.|group=1221}}(died 1524)}} {{smallAugust}}}}1485 1524! scope=row style="text-align:center" | Henry VII(File:Coat of Arms of Henry VII of England (1485-1509).svg|50px){{small|(1485{{ndash}}1509)}}{{zwsp}}! rowspan=4 scope=row style="text-align:center" | Henry VIII(File:Coat of Arms of England (1509-1554).svg|50px){{small|(1509{{ndash}}1547)}}{{refn|Margaret Beaufort served as Regent of England during the minority of Henry VIII.|group=1221}}75px)John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners>John Bourchier2nd Baron Berners{{small{{small>(1467{{ndash}}1533)}}| 1524| 1533?75px)Thomas Cromwell>Thomas Cromwell1st Earl of Essex{{gapsPC}}Secretary of State (England)({{circa>1485}}{{snd}}1540) {{small|12 April}}1533 {{small|10 June}}1540{{zwsp}} John Baker (died 1558)John Baker{{small>MP for Kent(1488{{ndash}}1558)}} 1545 {{smallNovember}}}}1558 (File:SirJohnBaker.jpg|75px)! scope=row style="text-align:center" | Edward VI(File:Coat of Arms of England (1509-1554).svg|50px){{small|(1547{{ndash}}1553)}}{{refn|The Duke of Somerset and Duke of Northumberland served as Regent of England respectively during the reign of Edward VI.|group=1221}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" | Mary I(File:Coat of Arms of England (1554-1558).svg|50px){{small|(1553{{ndash}}1558)}}
{{note|Died|†}} Died in office.
{{reflist|group=1221}}URL HTTPS://WWW.GOV.UK/GOVERNMENT/HISTORY/PAST-CHANCELLORS, title Past Chancellors of the Exchequer,, publisherGovernment of the United Kingdom, accessdate7 September 2017, ">

Chancellor of the Exchequer of England (c. 1558 – 1708) {| class"wikitable plainrowheaders" style"text-align:center"URL HTTPS://WWW.GOV.UK/GOVERNMENT/HISTORY/PAST-CHANCELLORS, title Past Chancellors of the Exchequer,, publisherGovernment of the United Kingdom, accessdate7 September 2017,

! Portrait! Name{{efn|Including honorifics and constituencies for elected MPs.|name="Name"}}{{small|(Birth{{ndash}}Death)}}! colspan=2 | Term of office! colspan=2 | Monarch{{small|(Reign)}}! {{Tooltip|Ref.|Reference}}75px)Richard Sackville (escheator)>Sir Richard Sackville{{smallSussex (UK Parliament constituency)>Sussex({{circa|1507}}{{snd}}1566)}} {{small|February}}1559 {{smallDied|†}}! scope=row colspan=2 rowspan=3 style="text-align:center" | Elizabeth I(File:Coat of Arms of England (1558-1603).svg|50px){{small|(1558{{ndash}}1603)}}}}75px)Walter Mildmay>Sir Walter Mildmay{{smallNorthamptonshire (UK Parliament constituency)>Northamptonshire({{circa|1523}}{{snd}}1589)}} 1566 {{smallDied|†}}}} (File:Sir John Fortescue by Sidney Hunt.jpg|75px) John Fortescue of SaldenJohn Fortescue{{smalldiv>{{LongitemBuckinghamshire (UK Parliament constituency)>Buckinghamshire{{refn9th Parliament of Queen Elizabeth I.>group="1558"}} →Middlesex (UK Parliament constituency){{refn>Served from 1601 prior to the Golden Speech.1531}}{{snd}}1607)}} 1589 1603 {{r|}}! scope=row colspan=2 rowspan=5 style="text-align:center" | James I(File:Coat of Arms of England (1603-1649).svg|50px){{small|(1603{{ndash}}1625)}}75px)George Home, 1st Earl of Dunbar>{{smallEarl of Dunbar{{small>PC}}{{small1556}}{{snd}}1611)}} {{small|24 May}}1603 {{small|April}}}}75px)Julius Caesar (judge)>Sir Julius Caesar{{smallMiddlesex (UK Parliament constituency)>Middlesex(1557/1558{{ndash}}1636)}} {{small|11 April}}1606}}75px)
| {{small|The Right Honourable}}Sir Fulke Greville{{small|KB}}{{small|MP for Warwickshire{{refn|Served during the 3rd Parliament of King James I in 1621.|group=1558}}(1554{{ndash}}1628)}}
{{small|15 October}}1614}} (File:RichardWeston.jpg|75px) Richard Weston, 1st Earl of PortlandThe Right Honourable}}Sir Richard Weston{{small{{small>MP for 4 constituencies respectively(1577{{snd}}{{circa|1634}})}} {{small|29 January}}1621 {{small|15 July}}1628 {{r|}}! scope=row colspan=2 rowspan=5 style="text-align:center" | Charles I(File:Coat of Arms of England (1603-1649).svg|50px){{small|(1625{{ndash}}1649)}}75px)Edward Barrett, 1st Lord Barrett of Newburgh>{{smallLord Barrett of Newburgh{{small>PC}}{{small1645}})}} {{small|14 August}}1628}}75px)Francis Cottington, 1st Baron Cottington>{{smallBaron Cottington{{small>PC}}{{small1579}}{{snd}}1652)}} {{small|18 April}}1629 {{small|6 January}}}}75px)John Colepeper, 1st Baron Colepeper>Sir John Colepeper{{smallKent (UK Parliament constituency)>Kent({{circa|1600}}{{snd}}1660)}} {{small|6 January}}1642 {{small|22 February}}}}75px)Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon>{{smallEdward Hyde{{small>(1609{{ndash}}1674)}} {{small|February}}1643}}! colspan=7 | Vacancy during the Interregnum (1649–1660)! Portrait! Name{{efn|name="Name"}}{{small|(Birth{{ndash}}Death)}}! colspan=2 | Term of office! Ministry! Monarch{{small|(Reign)}}! {{Tooltip|Ref.|Reference}}75px)PC}}(1609{{ndash}}1674) 1660 {{small|13 May}}1661 Clarendon! scope=row style="text-align:center" rowspan=8 | Charles II(File:Coat of Arms of England (1660-1689).svg|50px){{small|(1660{{ndash}}1685)}}}} (File:Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury.jpg|75px) Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of ShaftesburyThe Right Honourable}}Anthony Ashley Cooper1st Baron Ashley{{small{{small>(1621{{ndash}}1683)}} {{small|13 May}}1661 {{small|22 November}}1672 {{r|}} Cabal (File:No image.svg|75px) John DuncombeJohn Duncombe{{small>MP for Bury St Edmunds(1622{{ndash}}1687)}} {{small|22 November}}1672 {{small|2 May}}1676 {{r|}} Danby I{{zwsp}} John ErnleJohn Ernle{{small>MP for 4 constituencies respectively(1620{{ndash}}1697)}} {{small|2 May}}1676 {{small|9 April}}1689 {{r|}}Privy Council ministry>Privy Council{{zwsp}} Chits! scope=row style="text-align:center" | James II(File:Coat of Arms of England (1660-1689).svg|50px){{small|(1685{{ndash}}1688)}}{{zwsp}}! rowspan=4 scope=row style="text-align:center" | William III&Mary II(File:Coat of Arms of England (1689-1694).svg|50px){{small|(1689{{ndash}}1694)}}75px)Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington>{{smallBaron Delamer{{small>PC}}{{small|(1652{{ndash}}1694)}} {{small|9 April}}1689 {{small|18 March}}1690Carmarthen–Halifax ministry>Carmarthen{{ndash}}}}75px)Richard Hampden{{small>MP for Buckinghamshire (UK Parliament constituency)({{circa>1631}}{{snd}}1695)}} {{small|18 March}}1690 {{small|10 May}}1694Carmarthen ministry>}} (File:Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg|75px) Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of HalifaxThe Right Honourable}}Charles Montagu{{small{{smalldiv>{{longitemMaldon (UK Parliament constituency)>MaldonWestminster (UK Parliament constituency){{refn>Elected to a new constituency in the 1695 English general election.>group=1558}}}}(1661{{ndash}}1715)}} {{small|10 May}}1694 {{small|31 May}}1699 Whig Junto I {{r|}}! rowspan=3 scope=row style="text-align:center" | William III(File:Coat of Arms of England (1694-1702).svg|50px){{small|(1694{{ndash}}1702)}}75px)John Smith (Chancellor of the Exchequer)>Sir John Smith{{smallAndover (UK Parliament constituency)>Andover(1655/56{{ndash}}1723)}} {{small|31 May}}1699 {{small|23 March}}1701}} {{zwsp}} Henry Boyle, 1st Baron CarletonHenry Boyle{{smalldiv>{{longitemCambridge University (UK Parliament constituency)>Cambridge University →Westminster (UK Parliament constituency){{refn>Elected to a new constituency in the 1705 English general election.>group=1558}}}}(1669{{ndash}}1725)}} {{small|27 March}}1701 {{small|22 April}}1708 {{r|}} (File:Henry Boyle Lord Carleton by Godfrey Kneller.jpg|75px) Godolphin–Marlborough ministry{{small>(''Tories (British political party){{ndash}}Whigs (British political party)>Whig'')}}! rowspan=2 scope=row style="text-align:center" | Anne(File:Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1707-1714).svg|50px){{small|(1702{{ndash}}1714)}} {{zwsp}}{{reflist|group=1558}}}}">

Chancellors of the Exchequer of Great Britain (1708–1817) {| class"wikitable plainrowheaders" style"text-align:center;"}}

! colspan=2 | Portrait! Name{{efn|name="Name"}}{{small|(Birth{{ndash}}Death)}}! colspan=2 |Term of office! Party! Ministry! Monarch{{small|(Reign)}}! {{Tooltip|Ref.|Reference}}75px)John Smith (Chancellor of the Exchequer)>{{smallJohn Smith{{small>MP for Andover(1655/56{{ndash}}1723)}} {{small|22 April}}1708 {{small|11 August}}1710 Whig Godolphin–Marlborough ministry{{small>(''Tories (British political party){{ndash}}Whigs (British political party)>Whig'')}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" rowspan=4 | Anne(File:Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1707-1714).svg|50px){{small|(1702{{ndash}}1714)}}}}75px)Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer>{{smallRobert Harley{{small>MP for Radnor(1661{{ndash}}1724)}} {{small|11 August}}1710 {{small|4 June}}1711 Tory Oxford–}}75px)Robert Benson, 1st Baron Bingley>{{smallRobert Benson{{small>MP for City of York (UK Parliament constituency)({{circa>1676}}{{snd}}1731)}} {{small|4 June}}1711 {{small|21 August}}1713}} (File:Sir William Wyndham, 3rd Bt by Jonathan Richardson.jpg|75px) Sir William Wyndham, 3rd BaronetThe Right Honourable}}Sir William Wyndham{{small{{small>MP for Somerset (UK Parliament constituency)({{circa>1688}}{{snd}}1740)}} {{small|21 August}}1713 {{small|13 October}}1714 Tory {{r|}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" rowspan=7 | George I(File:Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg|50px){{small|(1714{{ndash}}1727)}}{{refn|Lord Parker served as Regent of Great Britain from 1 August to 18 September 1714.|group=1708}}75px)Richard Onslow, 1st Baron Onslow>{{smallRichard Onslow{{small>Bt}}{{smallSurrey (UK Parliament constituency)>Surrey(1654{{ndash}}1717)}} {{small|13 October}}1714 {{small|12 October}}1715 Whig Townshend}}75px)Robert Walpole>{{smallRobert Walpole{{small>MP for King's Lynn(1676{{ndash}}1745)}} {{small|12 October}}1715 {{small|15 April}}1717}}75px)James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope>{{smallEarl Stanhope{{small>PC}}{{small1673}}{{snd}}1721)}} {{small|15 April}}1717 {{small|20 March}}1718 Whig Stanhope–Sunderland}}75px)John Aislabie>{{smallJohn Aislabie{{small>MP for Ripon(1670{{ndash}}1742)}} {{small|20 March}}1718 {{small|23 January}}1721 Whig Stanhope–Sunderland}}75px)John Pratt (judge)>{{smallJohn Pratt{{small>Lord Chief Justice(1657{{ndash}}1725) (interim)}} {{small|2 February}}1721 {{small|3 April}}1721}} (File:Robertwalpole cropped.jpg|75px) Robert WalpoleThe Right Honourable}}Robert Walpole1st Earl of Orford{{gapsKBMP for King's Lynn (UK Parliament constituency)>King's Lynn{{refnPeerage of the United Kingdom>Peerage of Great Britain on 6 February 1742.|group=1708}}(1676{{ndash}}1745) {{small|3 April}}1721 {{small|12 February}}1742 Whig Walpole{{ndash}}Townshend {{r|}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" rowspan=12 | George II(File:Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg|50px){{small|(1727{{ndash}}1760)}} Walpole75px)Samuel Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys>{{smallSamuel Sandys{{small>MP for Worcester(1695{{ndash}}1770)}} {{small|12 February}}1742 {{small|12 December}}1743 Whig}}{{zwsp}} (File:Henry Pelham by William Hoare.jpg|75px) Henry PelhamThe Right Honourable}}Henry Pelham{{small{{small>MP for Sussex(1694{{ndash}}1754)}} {{small|12 December}}1743 {{smallDied|†}} Whig {{r|}} Broad Bottom ministry(I & II)}}75px)William Lee (English judge)>{{smallWilliam Lee{{small>Lord Chief Justice(1688{{ndash}}1754) (interim)}} {{small|8 March}}1754 {{small|6 April}}1754 Whig Newcastle}}75px)Henry Bilson-Legge>{{smallHenry Bilson-Legge{{small>FRS}}{{smallOrford (UK Parliament constituency)>Orford(1708{{ndash}}1764)}} {{small|6 April}}1754 {{small|25 November}}1755}}75px)George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton>{{smallGeorge Lyttelton{{small>Bt}}{{smallOkehampton (UK Parliament constituency)>Okehampton(1709{{ndash}}1773)}} {{small|25 November}}1755 {{small|16 November}}1756}}75px)Henry Bilson-Legge>{{smallHenry Bilson-Legge{{small>MP for Orford(1708{{ndash}}1764)}} {{small|16 November}}1756 {{small|13 April}}1757 Whig Pitt–}} (File:William Murray, Earl of Mansfield LCJ.jpg|75px) William Murray, 1st Earl of MansfieldThe Right Honourable}}William Murray1st Earl of Mansfield{{gapsSL}}Lord Chief Justice(1705{{ndash}}1793) (interim) {{small|13 April}}1757 {{small|2 July}}1757 Whig {{r|}} 1757 Caretaker (File:HenryBilsonLegge.jpg|75px) Henry Bilson-LeggeThe Right Honourable}}Henry Bilson-Legge{{smalldivMP for Orford (UK Parliament constituency) →Hampshire (UK Parliament constituency)>Hampshire{{refn1759 Hampshire by-election>Hampshire by-election.|group=1708}}}}(1708{{ndash}}1764)}} {{small|2 July}}1757 {{small|19 March}}1761 Whig Pitt{{ndash}}Newcastle {{r|}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" rowspan=20 | George III(File:Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1801-1816).svg|50px){{small|(1760{{ndash}}1820)}}{{refn|The Prince of Wales served as Prince Regent from 5 February 1811.|group=1708}}75px)William Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington>{{smallViscount Barrington{{small>PC}}{{smallPlymouth (UK Parliament constituency)>Plymouth(1717{{ndash}}1793)}} {{small|19 March}}1761 {{small|29 May}}1762}}75px)Francis Dashwood, 11th Baron le Despencer>{{smallFrancis Dashwood{{gaps>BtMP for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis (UK Parliament constituency)>Weymouth and Melcombe Regis(1708{{ndash}}1781) {{small|29 May}}1762 {{small|16 April}}1763 Tory Bute ministry{{small>(''Tories (British political party){{ndash}}Whigs (British political party)>Whig'')}}}}75px)George Grenville>{{smallGeorge Grenville{{small>MP for Buckingham(1712{{ndash}}1770)}} {{small|16 April}}1763 {{small|16 July}}1765 Whig Grenville ministry{{small>(''Whigs (British political party){{ndash}}Tories (British political party)>Tory'')}}}}75px)William Dowdeswell (Chancellor)>{{smallWilliam Dowdeswell{{small>MP for Worcestershire(1721{{ndash}}1775)}} {{small|16 July}}1765 {{small|2 August}}1766 Whig Rockingham}}75px)Charles Townshend>{{smallCharles Townshend{{small>MP for Harwich(1725{{ndash}}1767)}} {{small|2 August}}1766 {{smallDied|†}} Whig Chatham ministry{{small>(''Whigs (British political party){{ndash}}Tories (British political party)>Tory'')}}}}{{zwsp}} (File:Nathaniel Dance Lord North cropped cropped.jpg|75px) Frederick North, Lord NorthThe Right Honourable}}Frederick NorthLord North{{small{{small>MP for Banbury(1732{{ndash}}1792)}} {{small|11 September}}1767 {{small|27 March}}1782 Tory {{r|}} Grafton North75px)Lord John Cavendish>{{smallJohn Cavendish{{small>MP for York(1732{{ndash}}1796)}} {{small|27 March}}1782 {{small|10 July}}1782 Whig Rockingham}}75px)William Pitt the Younger>{{smallWilliam Pitt the Younger{{small>MP for Appleby(1759{{ndash}}1806)}} {{small|10 July}}1782 {{small|31 March}}1783 Whig Shelburne ministry{{small>(''Whigs (British political party){{ndash}}Tories (British political party)>Tory'')}}}}75px)Lord John Cavendish>{{smallJohn Cavendish{{small>MP for York(1732{{ndash}}1796)}} {{small|2 April}}1783 {{small|19 December}}1783 Whig Fox–}}75px)William Pitt the Younger>{{smallWilliam Pitt the Younger{{smalldiv>{{longitemAppleby (UK Parliament constituency)>Appleby →Cambridge University (UK Parliament constituency){{refn>Elected to a new constituency in the 1784 British general election.>group=1708}}}}(1759{{ndash}}1806)}} {{small|19 December}}1783 {{small|14 March}}1801 Tory Pitt}}75px)Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth>{{smallHenry Addington{{small>MP for Devizes(1757{{ndash}}1844)}} {{small|14 March}}1801 {{small|10 May}}1804 Tory}}75px)William Pitt the Younger>{{smallWilliam Pitt the Younger{{small>MP for Cambridge University(1759{{ndash}}1806)}} {{small|10 May}}1804 {{smallDied|†}} Tory Pitt}}75px)Edward Law, 1st Baron Ellenborough>{{smallBaron Ellenborough{{gaps>PCFSA}}Lord Chief Justice(1750{{ndash}}1818) (interim) {{small|23 January}}1806 {{small|5 February}}1806 Tory Ministry of All the Talents{{small>(''Whigs (British political party){{ndash}}Tories (British political party)>Tory'')}}}}75px)Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne>{{smallHenry Petty-Fitzmaurice{{small>MP for Cambridge University(1780{{ndash}}1863)}} {{small|5 February}}1806 {{small|26 March}}1807}} (File:Spencer PercevalCE.jpg|75px) Spencer PercevalThe Right Honourable}}Spencer Perceval{{small{{small>MP for Northampton(1762{{ndash}}1812)}} {{small|26 March}}1807 Assassination of Spencer Perceval11 May}}1812{{ref†}} Tory Portland II {{r|}} Perceval75px)Nicholas Vansittart, 1st Baron Bexley>{{smallNicholas Vansittart{{smalldiv>{{longitemEast Grinstead (UK Parliament constituency)>East Grinstead →Harwich (UK Parliament constituency){{refn>Elected to a new constituency in the 1812 United Kingdom general election.>group=1708}}}}(1766{{ndash}}1851)}} {{small|9 June}}1812 {{small|12 July}}1817 Tory Liverpoolissue=16611 page=1111 }}{{reflist|group=1708}}

Chancellors of the Exchequer of the United Kingdom (1817–present)

Although the Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland had been united by the Acts of Union 1800 (39 & 40 Geo. III c. 67), the Exchequers of the two Kingdoms were not consolidated until 1817 under 56 Geo. III c. 98.ACT,weblink Consolidated Fund Act 1816, 98, 1816, 2, section, 18 November 2016, BOOK, Joseph, Haydn, Horace, Ockerby, The Book of Dignities, X (Ireland), 562, London, W. H. Allen & Co., 1890, 13505280M, free, For the holders of the Irish office before this date, see Chancellor of the Exchequer of Ireland.{| class="wikitable plainrowheaders" style="text-align:center;"}}! colspan=2 | Portrait! Name{{efn|name="Name"}}{{small|(Birth{{ndash}}Death)}}! colspan=2 |Term of office! Party! Ministry! Monarch{{small|(Reign)}}! {{Tooltip|Ref.|Reference}} (File:Nicholas Vansittart by William Owen.jpg|75px) Nicholas Vansittart, 1st Baron BexleyThe Right Honourable}}Nicholas Vansittart{{small{{small>MP for Harwich(1766{{ndash}}1851)}} {{small|12 July}}1817 {{small|31 January}}1823 Tory Liverpool! scope=row style="text-align:center;" | George III(File:Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1801-1816).svg|50px){{small|(1760{{ndash}}1820)}}{{refn|The Prince of Wales served as Prince Regent from 5 February 1811.|group="1817"}} {{r|}}! scope=row style="text-align:center;" rowspan=6 | George IV(File:Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg|50px){{small|(1820{{ndash}}1830)}}75px)F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich>{{smallFrederick John Robinson{{small>MP for Ripon(1782{{ndash}}1859)}} {{small|31 January}}1823 {{small|27 April}}1827 Toryissue = 17893 page = 193 }}75px)George Canning>{{smallGeorge Canning{{small>FRS}}{{smallSeaford (UK Parliament constituency)>Seaford(1770{{ndash}}1827)}} {{small|27 April}}1827 {{smallDied|†}} Tory Canningite government, 1827{{ndash}}1828{{small>(Canningite{{ndash}}Whig)}}issue=18356 page=937 }}75px)Charles Abbott, 1st Baron Tenterden>{{smallBaron Tenterden{{gaps>PCLord Chief Justice of England and Wales>Lord Chief Justice(1762{{ndash}}1832) (interim) {{small|8 August}}1827 {{small|5 September}}1827 Tory Goderich| {{n/a}}75px)John Charles Herries>{{smallJohn Charles Herries{{small>MP for Harwich(1778{{ndash}}1855)}} {{small|5 September}}1827 {{small|26 January}}1828 Toryissue=18394 page=1892 }} (File:HenryGoulburn.jpg|75px) Henry GoulburnThe Right Honourable}}Henry Goulburn{{small{{small>MP for Armagh(1784{{ndash}}1856)}} {{small|26 January}}1828 {{small|22 November}}1830 Tory Wellington{{ndash}}Peel {{r|}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" rowspan=6 | William IV(File:Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg|50px){{small|(1830{{ndash}}1837)}} (File:JC Spencer, Viscount Althorp by HP Bone cropped.jpg|75px) John Spencer, 3rd Earl SpencerThe Right Honourable}}John SpencerViscount Althorp{{gapsFRS}}{{LongitemNorthamptonshire (UK Parliament constituency)>Northamptonshire →South Northamptonshire (UK Parliament constituency){{refn>Elected to a new constituency in the 1832 United Kingdom general election.>group=1817}}}}(1782{{ndash}}1845) {{small|22 November}}1830 {{small|14 November}}1834 Whig Grey {{r|}} Melbourne I75px)Thomas Denman, 1st Baron Denman>{{smallBaron Denman{{small>PC}}{{smallLord Chief Justice of England and Wales>Lord Chief Justice(1779{{ndash}}1854) (interim)}} {{small|14 November}}1834 {{small|15 December}}1834 Whig Wellington Caretaker| {{n/a}}75px)Robert Peel>{{smallRobert Peel{{gaps>BtMP for Tamworth (UK Parliament constituency)>Tamworth(1788{{ndash}}1850) {{small|15 December}}1834 {{small|8 April}}1835 Conservative Peel}} (File:1stBaronMonteagle.jpg|75px) Thomas Spring Rice, 1st Baron Monteagle of BrandonThe Right Honourable}}Thomas Spring Rice{{smallCambridge (UK Parliament constituency)>Cambridge(1790{{ndash}}1866)}} {{small|18 April}}1835 {{small|26 August}}1839 Whig Melbourne II {{r|}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" rowspan=24 | Victoria(File:Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg|50px){{small|(1837{{ndash}}1901)}}75px)Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook>{{smallFrancis Baring{{small>MP for Portsmouth(1796{{ndash}}1866)}} {{small|26 August}}1839 {{small|30 August}}1841}}75px)Henry Goulburn>{{smallHenry Goulburn{{small>FRS}}{{smallCambridge University (UK Parliament constituency)>Cambridge University(1784{{ndash}}1856)}} {{small|3 September}}1841 {{small|27 June}}1846 Conservative Peel}}75px)Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax>{{smallCharles Wood{{small>Bt}}{{smallHalifax (UK Parliament constituency)>Halifax(1800{{ndash}}1885)}} {{small|6 July}}1846 {{small|21 February}}1852 Whig Russell}}75px)Benjamin Disraeli>{{smallBenjamin Disraeli{{small>MP for Buckinghamshire(1804{{ndash}}1881)}} {{small|27 February}}1852 {{small|17 December}}1852 Conservative Who? Who?}}75px)William Ewart Gladstone>{{smallWilliam Ewart Gladstone{{small>MP for Oxford University(1809{{ndash}}1898)}} {{small|28 December}}1852 {{small|28 February}}1855 Peelite Aberdeen ministry{{small>(Peelite{{ndash}}Whig)}}}}75px)George Cornewall Lewis>{{smallGeorge Cornewall Lewis{{small>Bt}}{{smallRadnor (UK Parliament constituency)>Radnor(1806{{ndash}}1863)}} {{small|28 February}}1855 {{small|21 February}}1858 Whig Palmerston}}75px)Benjamin Disraeli>{{smallBenjamin Disraeli{{small>MP for Buckinghamshire(1804{{ndash}}1881)}} {{small|26 February}}1858 {{small|11 June}}1859 Conservative Derby{{ndash}}Disraeli}} (File:WE Gladstone robed NPG.jpg|75px) William Ewart GladstoneThe Right Honourable}}William Ewart Gladstone{{smalldivMP for Oxford University (UK Parliament constituency) →South Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency)>South Lancashire{{refn1865 United Kingdom general election>1865 general election.|group=1817}}}}(1809{{ndash}}1898)}} {{small|18 June}}1859 {{small|26 June}}1866 Liberal Palmerston II {{r|}} Russell II75px)Benjamin Disraeli>{{smallBenjamin Disraeli{{small>MP for Buckinghamshire(1804{{ndash}}1881)}} {{small|6 July}}1866 {{small|29 February}}1868 Conservative Derby{{ndash}}Disraeli}}75px)George Ward Hunt>{{smallGeorge Ward Hunt{{small>MP for North Northamptonshire(1825{{ndash}}1877)}} {{small|29 February}}1868 {{small|1 December}}1868}}75px)Robert Lowe>{{smallRobert Lowe{{small>MP for London University(1811{{ndash}}1892)}} {{small|9 December}}1868 {{small|11 August}}1873 Liberal Gladstone}}75px)William Ewart Gladstone>{{smallWilliam Ewart Gladstone{{small>MP for Greenwich(1809{{ndash}}1898)}} {{small|11 August}}1873 {{small|17 February}}1874}}75px)Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh>{{smallStafford Northcote{{gaps>BtFRS}}MP for North Devonshire(1818{{ndash}}1887) {{small|21 February}}1874 {{small|21 April}}1880 Conservative Disraeli}}75px)William Ewart Gladstone>{{smallWilliam Ewart Gladstone{{small>MP for Midlothian(1809{{ndash}}1898)}} {{small|28 April}}1880 {{small|16 December}}1882 Liberal Gladstone}}75px)Hugh Childers>{{smallHugh Childers{{small>MP for Pontefract(1827{{ndash}}1896)}} {{small|16 December}}1882 {{small|9 June}}1885}}75px)Michael Hicks Beach, 1st Earl St Aldwyn>{{smallMichael Hicks Beach{{gaps>BtMP for Bristol West (UK Parliament constituency)>Bristol West(1837{{ndash}}1916) {{small|24 June}}1885 {{small|28 January}}1886 Conservative Salisbury}}75px)William Harcourt (politician)>{{smallWilliam Harcourt{{small>QC}}{{smallDerby (UK Parliament constituency)>Derby(1827{{ndash}}1904)}} {{small|6 February}}1886 {{small|20 July}}1886 Liberal Gladstone}}75px)Lord Randolph Churchill>{{smallRandolph Churchill{{small>MP for Paddington South(1849{{ndash}}1895)}} {{small|3 August}}1886 {{small|22 December}}1886 Conservative Salisbury}}75px)George Goschen, 1st Viscount Goschen>{{smallGeorge Goschen{{small>DL}}{{smallWestminster St George's (UK Parliament constituency)>St George Hanover Square(1831{{ndash}}1907)}} {{small|14 January}}1887 {{small|11 August}}1892 Liberal}} (File:Sir William Harcourt.jpg|75px) William Harcourt (politician)The Right Honourable}}Sir William Harcourt{{small{{small>MP for Derby(1827{{ndash}}1904)}} {{small|18 August}}1892 {{small|21 June}}1895 Liberal Gladstone IV {{r|}} Rosebery (File:St Aldwyn Michael Edward Hicks-Beach (1st Earl).jpg|75px) Michael Hicks Beach, 1st Earl St AldwynThe Right Honourable}}Sir Michael Hicks Beach{{gapsDL}}MP for Bristol West(1837{{ndash}}1916) {{small|29 June}}1895 {{small|11 August}}1902 Conservative Unionist government, 1895–1905(III & IV)}}{{smallConservative Party (UK)>Con.{{ndash}}Lib.U.)}} {{r|}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" rowspan=5 | Edward VII(File:Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg|50px){{small|(1901{{ndash}}1910)}}75px)Charles Ritchie, 1st Baron Ritchie of Dundee>{{smallCharles Ritchie{{small>MP for Croydon(1838{{ndash}}1906)}} {{small|11 August}}1902 {{small|9 October}}1903 Conservative}}75px)Austen Chamberlain>{{smallAusten Chamberlain{{small>MP for East Worcestershire(1863{{ndash}}1937)}} {{small|9 October}}1903 {{small|4 December}}1905 Liberal}}75px)H. H. Asquith>{{smallH. H. Asquith{{small>KC}}{{smallEast Fife (UK Parliament constituency)>East Fife(1852{{ndash}}1928)}} {{small|10 December}}1905 {{small|16 April}}1908 Liberal}} (File:David Lloyd George 1911.jpg|75px) David Lloyd GeorgeThe Right Honourable}}David Lloyd George{{smallCaernarfon (UK Parliament constituency)>Caernarvon Boroughs(1863{{ndash}}1945)}} {{small|16 April}}1908 {{small|25 May}}1915 Liberal Liberal government, 1905–1915(I–III)}} {{London Gazette date=17 April 1908 |page=2937 }}! scope=row style="text-align:center" rowspan=14 | George V(File:Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg|50px){{small|(1910{{ndash}}1936)}}75px)Reginald McKenna>{{smallReginald McKenna{{small>MP for North Monmouthshire(1863{{ndash}}1943)}} {{small|25 May}}1915 {{small|10 December}}1916 Liberal Asquith coalition ministry{{small>(''Liberal Party (UK){{ndash}}Conservative Party (UK)>Con.{{ndash}}et al.'')}}}}75px)Bonar Law>{{smallBonar Law{{smalldiv>{{longitemBootle (UK Parliament constituency)>Bootle →Glasgow Central (UK Parliament constituency){{refn>Elected to a new constituency in the 1918 United Kingdom general election.>group=1817}}}}(1858{{ndash}}1923)}} {{small|10 December}}1916 {{small|10 January}}1919 Conservative Lloyd George ministry(I & II)}}}}75px)Austen Chamberlain>{{smallAusten Chamberlain{{small>MP for Birmingham West(1863{{ndash}}1937)}} {{small|10 January}}1919 {{small|1 April}}1921}}75px)Robert Horne, 1st Viscount Horne of Slamannan>{{smallRobert Horne{{gaps>GBEMP for Glasgow Hillhead (UK Parliament constituency)>Glasgow Hillhead(1871{{ndash}}1940) {{small|1 April}}1921 {{small|19 October}}1922}} (File:Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233 (cropped).jpg|75px) Stanley BaldwinThe Right Honourable}}Stanley Baldwin{{small{{small>MP for Bewdley(1867{{ndash}}1947)}} {{small|27 October}}1922 {{small|27 August}}1923 Conservative Law {{r|}}{{zwsp}} Baldwin I75px)Neville Chamberlain>{{smallNeville Chamberlain{{small>MP for Birmingham Ladywood(1869{{ndash}}1940)}} {{small|27 August}}1923 {{small|22 January}}1924}}75px)Philip Snowden, 1st Viscount Snowden>{{smallPhilip Snowden{{small>MP for Colne Valley(1864{{ndash}}1937)}} {{small|22 January}}1924 {{small|3 November}}1924 Labour MacDonald}}75px)Winston Churchill>{{smallWinston Churchill{{gaps>CHMP for Epping (UK Parliament constituency)>Epping(1874{{ndash}}1965) {{small|6 November}}1924 {{small|4 June}}1929 Conservative Baldwin}} (File:Philip Snowden, 1st Viscount Snowden.jpg|75px) Philip Snowden, 1st Viscount SnowdenThe Right Honourable}}Philip Snowden{{smallColne Valley (UK Parliament constituency)>Colne Valley(1864{{ndash}}1937)}} {{small|7 June}}1929 {{small|5 November}}1931 Labour MacDonald II {{r|}} National Labour National Government (1931){{small>(''National Labour Organisation{{ndash}}Conservative Party (UK)>Con.{{ndash}}et al.'')}} (File:Chamberlain Neville.jpg|75px) Neville ChamberlainThe Right Honourable}}Neville Chamberlain{{small{{small>MP for Birmingham Edgbaston(1869{{ndash}}1940)}} {{small|5 November}}1931 {{small|28 May}}1937 Conservative National II {{r|}}{{zwsp}} National Government (1935–1937){{small>(''Conservative Party (UK){{ndash}}National Labour Organisation>N.Lab.{{ndash}}et al.'')}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" | Edward VIII(File:Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg|50px){{small|(1936)}}{{zwsp}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" rowspan=10 | George VI(File:Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg|50px){{small|(1936{{ndash}}1952)}} (File:Viscount Simon.jpg|75px) John Simon, 1st Viscount SimonThe Right Honourable}}Sir John Simon{{gapsGCVOMP for Spen Valley (UK Parliament constituency)>Spen Valley(1873{{ndash}}1954) {{small|28 May}}1937 {{small|12 May}}1940 Liberal National National IV {{r|}} Chamberlain War75px)Kingsley Wood>{{smallKingsley Wood{{small>MP for Woolwich West(1881{{ndash}}1943)}} {{small|12 May}}1940 {{smallDied|†}} Conservative Churchill war ministry{{small>(All parties)}}}}{{zwsp}} (File:John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley 1947.jpg|75px) John Anderson, 1st Viscount WaverleyThe Right Honourable}}Sir John Anderson{{gapsGCSIPC (Ire)}}MP for Combined Scottish Universities(1882{{ndash}}1958) {{small|24 September}}1943 {{small|26 July}}1945 Independent (politician){{small>(National)}} {{r|}} Churchill caretaker ministry{{small>(''Conservative Party (UK){{ndash}}National Liberal Party (UK, 1931)>Lib.N.'')}}75px)Hugh Dalton>{{smallHugh Dalton{{small>MP for Bishop Auckland(1887{{ndash}}1962)}} {{small|27 July}}1945 {{small|13 November}}1947 Labour Attlee ministry(I & II)}}}}75px)Stafford Cripps>{{smallStafford Cripps{{small>FRS}}{{smalldivMP for Bristol East (UK Parliament constituency) →Bristol South East (UK Parliament constituency)>Bristol South East{{refn1950 United Kingdom general election>1950 general election.|group=1817}}}}(1889{{ndash}}1952)}} {{small|13 November}}1947 {{small|19 October}}1950}}75px)Hugh Gaitskell>{{smallHugh Gaitskell{{small>CBE}}{{smallLeeds South (UK Parliament constituency)>Leeds South(1906{{ndash}}1963)}} {{small|19 October}}1950 {{small|26 October}}1951}} (File:Richard-Austen-Rab-Butler-1st-Baron-Butler-of-Saffron-Walden.jpg|75px) Rab ButlerThe Right Honourable}}Richard Austen Butler{{small{{small>MP for Saffron Walden(1902{{ndash}}1982)}} {{small|26 October}}1951 {{small|20 December}}1955 Conservative Churchill III {{r|}}! scope=row style="text-align:center" rowspan=28 | Elizabeth II(File:Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg|50px){{small|(1952{{ndash}}present)}} Eden75px)Harold Macmillan>{{smallHarold Macmillan{{small>MP for Bromley(1894{{ndash}}1986)}} {{small|20 December}}1955 {{small|13 January}}1957}}75px)Peter Thorneycroft>{{smallPeter Thorneycroft{{small>MP for Monmouth(1909{{ndash}}1994)}} {{small|13 January}}1957 {{small|6 January}}1958 Conservative Conservative government, 1957–1964(I & II)}}}}75px)Derick Heathcoat-Amory, 1st Viscount Amory>{{smallDerick Heathcoat-Amory{{small>TD}}{{smallTiverton (UK Parliament constituency)>Tiverton(1899{{ndash}}1981)}} {{small|6 January}}1958 {{small|27 July}}1960}}75px)Selwyn Lloyd>{{smallSelwyn Lloyd{{gaps>CBEMP for Wirral (UK Parliament constituency)>Wirral(1904{{ndash}}1978) {{small|27 July}}1960 {{small|13 July}}1962}}{{zwsp}} (File:Reginald Maudling.jpg|75px) Reginald MaudlingThe Right Honourable}}Reginald Maudling{{smallBarnet (UK Parliament constituency)>Barnet(1917{{ndash}}1979)}} {{small|16 July}}1962 {{small|16 October}}1964 Conservative {{London Gazette date=17 July 1962 |page=5731 }} Douglas-Home75px)James Callaghan>{{smallJames Callaghan{{small>MP for Cardiff South East(1912{{ndash}}2005)}} {{small|17 October}}1964 {{small|29 November}}1967 Labour Labour government, 1964–1970(I & II)}}issue=43470 page=9014 }}75px)Roy Jenkins>{{smallRoy Jenkins{{small>MP for Birmingham Stechford(1920{{ndash}}2003)}} {{small|29 November}}1967 {{small|19 June}}1970 Labourissue=44469 page=13287 }}75px)Iain Macleod>{{smallIain Macleod{{small>MP for Enfield West(1913{{ndash}}1970)}} {{small|20 June}}1970 {{smallDied|†}} Conservative}}75px)Anthony Barber>{{smallAnthony Barber{{small>TD}}{{smallAltrincham and Sale (UK Parliament constituency)>Altrincham and Sale(1920{{ndash}}2005)}} {{small|25 July}}1970 {{small|4 March}}1974}} (File:Denis Healey.jpg|75px) Denis HealeyThe Right Honourable}}Denis Healey{{small{{small>MP for Leeds East(1917{{ndash}}2015)}} {{small|5 March}}1974 {{small|4 May}}1979 Labour Labour government, 1974–1979(III & IV)}} {{r|}} Callaghan75px)Geoffrey Howe>{{smallGeoffrey Howe{{small>QC}}{{smallEast Surrey (UK Parliament constituency)>East Surrey(1926{{ndash}}2015)}} {{small|4 May}}1979 {{small|11 June}}1983 Conservative Thatcher}} (File:Official portrait of Lord Lawson of Blaby crop 2.jpg|75px) Nigel LawsonThe Right Honourable}}Nigel Lawson{{smallBlaby (UK Parliament constituency)>Blaby(born 1932)}} {{small|11 June}}1983 {{small|26 October}}1989 Conservative Thatcher II {{r|}}{{zwsp}} Thatcher III75px)John Major>{{smallJohn Major{{small>MP for Huntingdon(born 1943)}} {{small|26 October}}1989 {{small|28 November}}1990}} (File:Official portrait of Lord Lamont of Lerwick crop 2.jpg|75px) Norman LamontThe Right Honourable}}Norman Lamont{{smallKingston-upon-Thames (UK Parliament constituency)>Kingston-upon-Thames(born 1942)}} {{small|28 November}}1990 {{small|27 May}}1993 Conservative Major I {{r|}}{{zwsp}} Major II75px)Kenneth Clarke>{{smallKenneth Clarke{{small>QC}}{{smallRushcliffe (UK Parliament constituency)>Rushcliffe(born 1940)}} {{small|27 May}}1993 {{small|2 May}}1997}}75px)Gordon Brown>{{smallGordon Brown{{smalldiv>{{longitemDunfermline East (UK Parliament constituency)>Dunfermline East →Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath (UK Parliament constituency){{refn>Elected to a new constituency in the 2005 United Kingdom general election.>group=1817}}}}(born 1951)}} {{small|2 May}}1997 {{small|27 June}}2007 Labour Blair ministry(I{{ndash}}III)}}}}75px)Alistair Darling>{{smallAlistair Darling{{small>MP for Edinburgh South West(born 1953)}} {{small|28 June}}2007 {{small|11 May}}2010 Labour Brownissue=58389 page=9979 }} (File:Osborne 2015.jpg|75px) George OsborneThe Right Honourable}}George Osborne{{smallTatton (UK Parliament constituency)>Tatton(born 1971)}} {{small|12 May}}2010 {{small|13 July}}2016 Conservative Cameron–Clegg coalition{{small>(''Conservative Party (UK){{ndash}}Liberal Democrats (UK)>L.D.'')}} {{London Gazette date=21 May 2010 |page=9405 }} Cameron II (File:Official portrait of Mr Philip Hammond crop 2.jpg|75px) Philip HammondThe Right Honourable}}Philip Hammond{{smallRunnymede and Weybridge (UK Parliament constituency)>Runnymede and Weybridge(born 1955)}} {{small|13 July}}2016 {{small|24 July}}2019 Conservative May I HTTPS://WWW.BBC.CO.UK/NEWS/BUSINESS-36789689 >TITLE=PHILIP HAMMOND APPOINTED CHANCELLOR DATE=13 JULY 2016, 7 July 2017, May II (File:Official portrait of Sajid Javid MP.jpg|75px) Sajid JavidThe Right Honourable}}Sajid Javid{{smallBromsgrove (UK Parliament constituency)>Bromsgrove(born 1969)}} {{small|24 July}}2019 Incumbent Conservative JohnsonNEWSPAPER=THE GUARDIANACCESSDATE=24 JULY 2019, {{reflist|group=1817}}

See also





Further reading

  • Barber, Stephen. "‘Westminster’s wingman’? Shadow chancellor as a strategic and coveted political role." British Politics 11.2 (2016): 184-204.
  • Baxter, Stephen B. The Development of the Treasury, 1660-1702 (1957) online
  • Browning, Peter. The Treasury and Economic Policy: 1964-1985 (Longman, 1986).
  • Dell, Edmund. The Chancellors: A History of the Chancellors of the Exchequer, 1945-90 (HarperCollins, 1997) 619pp; 17 chapters covering the terms of each chancellor.
  • Holt, Richard. Second Amongst Equals: Chancellors of the Exchequer and the British Economy (Profile Books, 2001).
  • Jenkins, Roy. The Chancellors (1998); 497pp; covers entire career as well as term in office of 19 chancellors from 1886 to 1947.
  • Kynaston, David. The chancellor of the exchequer (T. Dalton, 1980).
  • Peden, G. CThe Treasury and British Public Policy, 1906-1959 (Oxford UP, 2000). online
  • Vincent, Nicholas C. "The Origins of the Chancellorship of the Exchequer." English Historical Review 108.426 (1993): 105-121. in JSTOR
  • Woodward, Nicholas. The management of the British economy, 1945-2001 (Manchester University Press, 2004).

External links

  • {{Commons category-inline|Chancellors of the Exchequer}}
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