Henry V of England

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Henry V of England
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{{About|the king|the Shakespeare play|Henry V (play)}}{{short description|15th-century King of England and Duke of Aquitaine}}{{more citations needed|date=April 2017}}{{Use British English|date=October 2012}}{{Use dmy dates|date=September 2017}}

| coronation = 9 April 1413Henry IV of England>Henry IVHenry VI of England>Henry VIMortimerp=[{{google bookspg=371Allmand|2010}}| birth_place = Monmouth Castle, Wales| death_date = 31 August 1422 (aged 35)| death_place = Château de Vincennes, France| burial_date = 7 November 1422| burial_place = Westminster Abbey, LondonCatherine of Valois|2 June 1420}}| issue = Henry VI of EnglandHouse of Lancaster>Lancaster| father = Henry IV of England| mother = Mary de Bohun| signature = HenryVSig.svg}}Henry V (16 September 1386 â€“ 31 August 1422), also called Henry of Monmouth, was King of England from 1413 until his death in 1422. He was the second English monarch of the House of Lancaster. Despite his relatively short reign, Henry's outstanding military successes in the Hundred Years' War against France, most notably in his famous victory at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, made England one of the strongest military powers in Europe.WEB, Ross, 1999-07-28, C., Henry V, king of England,weblink Encyclopædia Britannica, Charles Ross (historian), harv, Immortalised in the plays of Shakespeare, Henry is known and celebrated as one of the greatest warrior kings of medieval England.In his youth, during the reign of his father Henry IV, Henry gained military experience fighting the Welsh during the revolt of Owain Glyndŵr and against the powerful aristocratic Percy family of Northumberland at the Battle of Shrewsbury. Henry acquired an increasing share in England's government due to the king's declining health, but disagreements between father and son led to political conflict between the two. After his father's death in 1413, Henry assumed control of the country and asserted the pending English claim to the French throne.In 1415, Henry embarked on war with France in the ongoing Hundred Years' War (1337–1453) between the two nations. His military successes culminated in his famous victory at the Battle of Agincourt (1415) and saw him come close to conquering France. Taking advantage of political divisions within France, he conquered large portions of the kingdom and Normandy was occupied by the English for the first time since 1345–1360. After months of negotiation with Charles VI of France, the Treaty of Troyes (1420) recognised Henry V as regent and heir apparent to the French throne and he was subsequently married to Charles's daughter, Catherine of Valois.Following this arrangement, everything seemed to point to the formation of a union between the kingdoms of France and England, in the person of King Henry. His sudden and unexpected death in France two years later condemned England to the long and difficult minority of his infant son and successor,{{sfn|Ross|1999}} who reigned as Henry VI in England and Henry II in France.

Early life

Henry was born in the tower above the gatehouse of Monmouth Castle in Wales, and for that reason was sometimes called Henry of Monmouth.WEB, Allmand, 2010-09-23, C., Henry V (1386–1422),weblink Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online, 10.1093/ref:odnb/12952, harv, He was the son of Henry of Bolingbroke (later Henry IV of England) and Mary de Bohun, and thus also the paternal grandson of the influential John of Gaunt, and great-grandson of Edward III of England. At the time of his birth, Richard II, his first cousin once removed, was king. Henry's grandfather, John of Gaunt, was the king's guardian. As he was not close to the line of succession to the throne, Henry's date of birth was not officially documented; and for many years it was disputed whether he was born in 1386 or 1387.BOOK, Allmand, 1992, C., Henry V, new, English Monarchs series, Yale University Press, 1997, 978-0-300-07369-0, Christopher Allmand, {{google books, x28eBQAAQBAJ, yes, |ref=harv }} pp. 7–8 However, records indicate that his younger brother Thomas was born in the autumn of 1387 and that his parents were at Monmouth in 1386 but not in 1387.BOOK, Mortimer, 2007, I., The Fears of Henry IV: The Life of England's Self-Made King, Jonathan Cape, London, 978-0-224-07300-4, Ian Mortimer (historian), harv, pp. 371–2. It is now accepted that he was born on 16 September 1386.BOOK, Curry, 2013, A., The Making of a Prince: The Finances of 'the young lord Henry', 1386–1400, Gwilym Dodd, Henry V: New Interpretations, York Medieval Press, 978-1-903153-46-8, 11, Anne Curry, {{sfn|Allmand|2010}}{{refn|Several combinations of 9 August, 16 September, and the years 1386 and 1387 frequently feature as birth dates. 16 September appears in Henry V's birth record found in Prologus in Cronica Regina (printed by Hearne), which states that he was born in the feast of St. Edith. Another document, located at John Rylands Library (French MS 54), gives the specific date of 16 September 1386. The only early authority which places his birth in August is Memorials of Henry V (ed. Cole, p. 64: "natus in Augusto fueras"); the date 9 August is first given by Paolo Giovio, but seems to be a misprint for his coronation date (9 April). The only other evidence for a birth in August would be a statement that he was in his 36th year (aged 35) when he died.BOOK, Richardson, 2011, R., Plantagenet Ancestry, 2, 2nd, Kimball G. Everingham, Salt Lake City, 364 n. 231, Douglas Richardson, This would place Henry V's birth in September 1386 or August 1387.{{sfn|Allmand|1992|pp=7–8}} Since Henry's household was at Monmouth in 1386 but not in 1387, and a specific date is given for 1386, the date of 16 September 1386 is now regarded as the correct one.{{sfn|Mortimer|2007|p=371}}}}File:Henry V Halfpenny.jpg|thumb|left|Halfpenny of Henry V]]Upon the exile of Henry's father in 1398, Richard II took the boy into his own charge and treated him kindly. The young Henry accompanied King Richard to Ireland. While in the royal service, he visited Trim Castle in County Meath, the ancient meeting place of the Irish Parliament. In 1399, Henry's grandfather died. In the same year, King Richard II was overthrown by the Lancastrian usurpation that brought Henry's father to the throne and Henry was recalled from Ireland into prominence as heir apparent to the Kingdom of England. He was created Prince of Wales at his father's coronation and Duke of Lancaster on 10 November 1399, the third person to hold the title that year. His other titles were Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Chester and Duke of Aquitaine. A contemporary record notes that during that year, Henry spent time at The Queen's College, Oxford under the care of his uncle Henry Beaufort, the chancellor of the university.BOOK, Salter, HE, Lobe, Mary D, A History of the County of Oxford, 1954, Victoria County History, 3, 132–43, The University of Oxford,weblink From 1400 to 1404, he carried out the duties of High Sheriff of Cornwall.Less than three years later, Henry was in command of part of the English forces. He led his own army into Wales against Owain Glyndŵr and joined forces with his father to fight Henry "Hotspur" Percy at the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403.BOOK, Harriss, Gerald Leslie, Gerald Leslie Harriss, Shaping the Nation: England 1360–1461, Oxford University Press, 2005, Oxford, England, UK, 532, 0-19-822816-3, It was there that the sixteen-year-old prince was almost killed by an arrow that became stuck in his face. An ordinary soldier might have died from such a wound, but Henry had the benefit of the best possible care. Over a period of several days, John Bradmore, the royal physician, treated the wound with honey to act as an antiseptic, crafted a tool to screw into the broken arrow shaft and thus extract the arrow without doing further damage, and flushed the wound with alcohol. The operation was successful, but it left Henry with permanent scars, evidence of his experience in battle.{{Citation | title = John Bradmore and His Book Philomena | journal = Social History of Medicine | year = 1992 | volume = 5 | pages = 121–30 | doi = 10.1093/shm/5.1.121 }}. For eighteen months in 1410–11, Henry was in control of the country during his father's ill health and took full advantage of the opportunity to impose his own policies. When the king recovered, he reversed most of these and dismissed the prince from his council.BOOK, Pearsall, DA, Derek Pearsall, Chaucer to Spenser: an anthology of writings in English, 1375–1575, 1999, Blackwell, Oxford, 0-631-19839-3, 571, The first English Life of Henry V,

Role in government and conflict with Henry IV

File:Henry, Prince of Wales, presenting this book to John Mowbray. Thomas Hoccleve, Regement of Princes, London, c. 1411-1413, Arundel 38, f. 37detail.jpg|thumb|Henry, while Prince of Wales, presenting Thomas Hoccleve's Regement of Princes to the Duke of Norfolk (1411–13), British LibraryBritish LibraryThe Welsh revolt of Owain Glyndŵr absorbed Henry's energies until 1408. Then, as a result of the king's ill health, Henry began to take a wider share in politics. From January 1410, helped by his uncles Henry Beaufort and Thomas Beaufort, legitimised sons of John of Gaunt, he had practical control of the government.Both in foreign and domestic policy he differed from the king, who discharged the prince from the council in November 1411. The quarrel of father and son was political only, though it is probable that the Beauforts had discussed the abdication of Henry IV. Their opponents certainly endeavoured to defame the prince.

Supposed riotous youth

It may be that the tradition of Henry's riotous youth, immortalised by Shakespeare, is partly due to political enmity. Henry's record of involvement in war and politics, even in his youth, disproves this tradition. The most famous incident, his quarrel with the chief justice, has no contemporary authority and was first related by Sir Thomas Elyot in 1531.BOOK, Weis, René, Henry IV, part 2, 1998, Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, UK, 0-19-283143-7, 27, Introduction, The story of Falstaff originated in Henry's early friendship with Sir John Oldcastle, a supporter of the Lollards. Shakespeare's Falstaff was originally named "Oldcastle", following his main source, The Famous Victories of Henry V. His descendants objected and the name was changed (the character became a composite of several real persons, including Sir John Fastolf). That friendship, and the prince's political opposition to Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of Canterbury, perhaps encouraged Lollard hopes. If so, their disappointment may account for the statements of ecclesiastical writers like Thomas Walsingham that Henry on becoming king was suddenly changed into a new man.BOOK, Patterson, Annabel, Hamilton, Donna, Strier, Richard, Religion, literature, and politics in post-Reformation England, 1540–1688, 1996, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, UK, 0-521-47456-6, 8–12, Sir John Oldcastle and Reformation histiography,

Accession to the throne

After Henry IV died on 20 March 1413, Henry V succeeded him and was crowned on 9 April 1413 at Westminster Abbey. The ceremony was marked by a terrible snowstorm, but the common people were undecided as to whether it was a good or bad omen.{{Citation|contribution=1413 |title=TimeRef |type=History timelines |url= |accessdate=27 May 2009 |url-status=dead |archiveurl= |archivedate=5 May 2009 }} Henry was described as having been "very tall (6ft 3 in), slim, with dark hair cropped in a ring above the ears, and clean-shaven". His complexion was ruddy, the face lean with a prominent and pointed nose. Depending on his mood, his eyes "flashed from the mildness of a dove's to the brilliance of a lion's".{{Citation | first = Allen | last = Andrews | title = Kings and Queens of England and Scotland | page = 76 | publisher = Marshall Cavendish Publications | place = London | year = 1976}}.

Domestic policy

File:Henry V noble 1413 74001322.jpg|thumb|A gold noble coin of Henry V]]Henry tackled all of the domestic policies together and gradually built on them a wider policy. From the first, he made it clear that he would rule England as the head of a united nation. On the one hand, he let past differences be forgotten â€“ the late Richard II was honourably re-interred; the young Mortimer was taken into favour; the heirs of those who had suffered in the last reign were restored gradually to their titles and estates. On the other hand, where Henry saw a grave domestic danger, he acted firmly and ruthlessly, such as the Lollard discontent in January 1414 and including the execution by burning of Henry's old friend Sir John Oldcastle in 1417 to "nip the movement in the bud" and make his own position as ruler secure.File:English chancery hand 1418.png|thumb|English chancery hand. Facsimile of letter from Henry, 1418]]His reign was generally free from serious trouble at home. The exception was the Southampton Plot in favour of Mortimer, involving Henry, Lord Scrope and Richard, Earl of Cambridge (grandfather of the future King Edward IV), in July 1415. Mortimer himself remained loyal to Henry.Starting in August 1417, Henry V promoted the use of the English language in governmentBOOK, Fisher, 1996, J., The Emergence of Standard English, 22, The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 978-0-8131-0852-0, John Hurt Fisher, harv, and his reign marks the appearance of Chancery Standard English as well as the adoption of English as the language of record within government. He was the first king to use English in his personal correspondence since the Norman conquest 350 years earlier.BOOK, Harriss, 1985, G.L., Henry V: The Practice of Kingship, Oxford University Press, 46, G. L. Harriss, harv, {{Citation | last = Mugglestone | first = Lydia | title = The Oxford History of English | publisher = Oxford University Press | place = UK | year = 2006 | ISBN = 0-19-924931-8 | page = 101}}.

Foreign affairs


File:Silver groat of Henry V (YORYM 1980 794) obverse.jpg|thumb|Silver groat of Henry V, York Museums TrustYork Museums TrustHenry could now turn his attention to foreign affairs. A writer of the next generation was the first to allege that Henry was encouraged by ecclesiastical statesmen to enter into the French war as a means of diverting attention from home troubles. This story seems to have no foundation. Old commercial disputes and the support the French had lent to Owain Glyndŵr were used as an excuse for war, while the disordered state of France afforded no security for peace. The French king, Charles VI, was prone to mental illness; at times he thought he was made of glass, and his eldest surviving son was an unpromising prospect. However, it was the old dynastic claim to the throne of France, first pursued by Edward III of England, that justified war with France in English opinion.Following the Battle of Agincourt, Sigismund, then King of Hungary and later Holy Roman Emperor, made a visit to Henry in hopes of making peace between England and France. His goal was to persuade Henry to modify his demands against the French. Henry lavishly entertained the emperor and even had him enrolled in the Order of the Garter. Sigismund, in turn, inducted Henry into the Order of the Dragon.JOURNAL
, Rezachevici
, Constantin
, Miller
, Elizabeth
, From the Order of the Dragon to Dracula
, Journal of Dracula Studies
, 1
, Memorial University of Newfoundland
, St John's, NL, Canada
, 1999
, 18 April 2008
, dead
,weblink" title="">weblink
, 14 April 2008
, dmy-all
, Henry had intended to crusade for the order after uniting the English and French thrones, but he died before fulfilling his plans.BOOK
, Mowat, Robert Balmain, Henry V, John Constable, 1919, London, 176, 1-4067-6713-1, BOOK
, Harvey, John Hooper, The Plantagents, Collins
, 1967, London, BOOK
, Seward, Desmond, The hundred years war: The English in France 1337–1453, Penguin Books, 1999
, Harmondsworth, England, UK, 0-14-028361-7, Sigismund left England several months later, having signed the Treaty of Canterbury acknowledging English claims to France.

Campaigns in France

Henry may have regarded the assertion of his own claims as part of his royal duty, but a permanent settlement of the national debate was essential to the success of his foreign policy.

1415 campaign

File:Ratification du Traité de Troyes 1 - Archives Nationales - AE-III-254.jpg|thumb|The ratification of the Treaty of Troyes between Henry and Charles VI of France. Archives Nationales (France)Archives Nationales (France)On 12 August 1415, Henry sailed for France, where his forces besieged the fortress at Harfleur, capturing it on 22 September. Afterwards, Henry decided to march with his army across the French countryside towards Calais despite the warnings of his council.BOOK, Barker, 2005, J., Agincourt: Henry V and the Battle That Made England, {{google books, W2jTtdISwMMC, yes, |place=London |p=220 |authorlink=Juliet Barker |ref=harv }} On 25 October, on the plains near the village of Agincourt, a French army intercepted his route. Despite his men-at-arms being exhausted, outnumbered and malnourished, Henry led his men into battle, decisively defeating the French, who suffered severe losses. It is often argued that the French men-at-arms were bogged down in the muddy battlefield, soaked from the previous night of heavy rain, and that this hindered the French advance, allowing them to be sitting targets for the flanking English and Welsh archers. Most were simply hacked to death while completely stuck in the deep mud. Nevertheless, the victory is seen as Henry's greatest, ranking alongside the Battle of Crécy (1346) and the Battle of Poitiers (1356) as the greatest English victories of the Hundred Years' War.During the battle,BOOK, Hibbert, Christopher, Christopher Hibbert, Agincourt, 1964, Batsford, London, 114, During the battle, 460624273, Henry ordered that the French prisoners taken during the battle be put to death, including some of the most illustrious who could be used for ransom. Cambridge historian Brett Tingley posits that Henry was concerned that the prisoners might turn on their captors when the English were busy repelling a third wave of enemy troops, thus jeopardising a hard-fought victory.The victorious conclusion of Agincourt, from the English viewpoint, was only the first step in the campaign to recover the French possessions that he felt belonged to the English crown. Agincourt also held out the promise that Henry's pretensions to the French throne might be realised.

Diplomacy and command of the sea

Command of the sea was secured by driving the Genoese allies of the French out of the English Channel. While Henry was occupied with peace negotiations in 1416, a French and Genoese fleet surrounded the harbour at the English-garrisoned Harfleur. A French land force also besieged the town. To relieve Harfleur, Henry sent his brother, John of Lancaster, Duke of Bedford, who raised a fleet and set sail from Beachy Head on 14 August. The Franco-Genoese fleet was defeated the following day after a gruelling seven-hour battle and Harfleur was relieved. Diplomacy successfully detached Emperor Sigismund, from France and the Treaty of Canterbury in 1416 paved the way to end the Western Schism in the Church.

1417–20 campaign

File:Marriage of henry and Catherine.jpg|thumb|Late 15th-century depiction of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Valois. British LibraryBritish LibraryWith those two potential enemies gone, and after two years of patient preparation following the Battle of Agincourt, Henry renewed the war on a larger scale in 1417. After taking Caen, Lower Normandy was quickly conquered and Rouen was cut off from Paris and besieged. This siege cast an even darker shadow on the reputation of the king than his order to slay the French prisoners at Agincourt. Rouen, starving and unable to support the women and children of the town, forced them out through the gates believing that Henry would allow them to pass through his army unmolested. However, Henry refused to allow this, and the expelled women and children died of starvation in the ditches surrounding the town. The French were paralysed by the disputes between Burgundians and Armagnacs. Henry skilfully played them off one against the other without relaxing his warlike approach.In January 1419, Rouen fell. Those Norman French who had resisted were severely punished: Alain Blanchard, who had hanged English prisoners from the walls of Rouen, was summarily executed; Robert de Livet, Canon of Rouen, who had excommunicated the English king, was packed off to England and imprisoned for five years.BOOK, Kingsford, 1901, C., Henry V: The Typical Mediæval Hero,weblink GP Putnam's Sons, Charles Lethbridge Kingsford, harv, By August, the English were outside the walls of Paris. The intrigues of the French parties culminated in the assassination of John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy, by the Dauphin's partisans at Montereau on 10 September. Philip the Good, the new duke, and the French court threw themselves into Henry's arms. After six months of negotiation, the Treaty of Troyes recognised Henry as the heir and regent of France (see English Kings of France),{{EB1911 |last=Kingsford |first=C. |display=Henry V (1387–1422) |volume=13 |wstitle=Henry V. of England |authorlink=Charles Lethbridge Kingsford |mode=cs2 |inline=1}} and on 2 June 1420 at Troyes Cathedral, he married Catherine of Valois, the French king's daughter. They had only one son, Henry, born on 6 December 1421 at Windsor Castle. From June to July 1420, Henry's army besieged and took the military fortress castle at Montereau-Fault-Yonne close to Paris. He besieged and captured Melun in November 1420, returning to England shortly thereafter. In 1428, Charles VII retook Montereau-Fault-Yonne, to once again see the English take it over within a short time. Finally, on October 10, 1437, Charles VII was victorious in regaining Montereau-Fault-Yonne.

1421 campaign and death

While he was in England, Henry's brother Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, led the English forces in France. On March 22, 1421, Thomas led the English to a disastrous defeat at the Battle of Baugé against a Franco-Scottish army. The duke was killed in the battle. On 10 June, Henry sailed back to France to retrieve the situation. It would be his last military campaign. From July to August, Henry's forces besieged and captured Dreux, thus relieving allied forces at Chartres. On October 6, his forces laid siege to Meaux, capturing it on May 11, 1422.Henry V died suddenly on 31 August 1422 at the Château de Vincennes. He was thought to have died from dysentery,Henry V (c.1387 – 1422). BBC supposedly contracted during the siege of Meaux. However a severe and lethal contraction of dysentery would have probably incapacitated him long before the end of August. Another plausible cause of death is heatstroke. The last day he was active he'd been riding in full armour in blistering heat.BOOK, Castor, Helen, Joan of Arc, 2015, Faber & Faber, 9780571284634, He was 35 years old and had reigned for nine years.Shortly before his death, Henry V named his brother, John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, regent of France in the name of his son, Henry VI of England, then only a few months old. Henry V did not live to be crowned King of France himself, as he might confidently have expected after the Treaty of Troyes, because the sickly Charles VI, to whom he had been named heir, survived him by two months. Henry's comrade-in-arms and Lord Steward, John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, brought his body back to England and bore the royal standard at his funeral.{{Citation | last = Wilson | first = Derek | year = 2005 | title = The Uncrowned Kings of England: The Black History of the Dudleys and the Tudor Throne | publisher = Carroll & Graf | ISBN = 0-7867-1469-7}}. Henry V was buried in Westminster Abbey on 7 November 1422. An exhumation in 1953, in which it appeared that Henry V shared a grave with Richard Courtenay, led to speculation that Henry and Courtenay had been lovers.Was my ancestor King Henry V's lover?, Daily Telegraph, 7 April 2017;weblink However, the abbey says that Richard Courtenay's grave was found in the base of Henry's chantry, perchance disturbed when the king's memorial was built.WEB,weblink Richard Courtenay,, 28 August 2017, Also, Henry's last will and codicils, which gave specific instructions on how he should be buried, make no mention of a co-burial with anyone else.JOURNAL, Strong & Strong, 1 January 1981, Last Will and Codicils of Henry V,weblink the English Historical Review, XCVI, 79–89, Oxford Academic,


Henry's arms as Prince of Wales were those of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points.Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family Upon his accession, he inherited use of the arms of the kingdom undifferenced.{{Gallery|width=200|height=200Henry's achievement as Prince of WalesRoyal achievement as king.}}


In 1420 Henry V married Catherine of Valois, daughter of Charles VI of France and younger sister of the widow of Richard II, Isabella of Valois (who died several years after her husband). Her dowry, upon the agreement between the two kingdoms, was 600,000 crowns.BOOK, Fraser, Antonia, 2000, A Royal History of England – The Wars of the Roses I, Los Angeles & Berkeley, University of California Press, 40, 978-0520228023,weblink Together the couple had one child, Henry. Upon Henry V's death, the infant Prince was made king and was crowned Henry VI of England.


{{ahnentafelalign=center| boxstyle_1 = background-color: #fcc;| boxstyle_2 = background-color: #fb9;| boxstyle_3 = background-color: #ffc;| boxstyle_4 = background-color: #bfc;| boxstyle_5 = background-color: #9fe;| 1 = 1. Henry V of England| 2 = 2. Henry IV of England| 3 = 3. Mary de BohunJohn of Gaunt>John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster| 5 = 5. Blanche of Lancaster| 6 = 6. Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of HerefordJoan Fitzalan, Countess of Hereford>Joan FitzAlan| 8 = 8. Edward III of England| 9 = 9. Philippa of Hainault| 10 = 10. Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster| 11 = 11. Isabel of Beaumont| 12 = 12. William de Bohun, 1st Earl of NorthamptonElizabeth de Badlesmere, Countess of Northampton>Elizabeth de Badlesmere| 14 = 14. Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel| 15 = 15. Eleanor of Lancaster}}

See also

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Further reading

  • BOOK, Allmand, 2013, C., Henry V, revised, Association Pamphlets, General Series, 68, Historical Association, London, 1968, Christopher Allmand, harv,
  • BOOK, Cowper, 2010-09-10, Marcus, Henry V, Command, 8, Illustrated by Graham Turner, Osprey Publishing, 978-1-84908-370-6, harv,
  • BOOK, Curry, A., Henry V: From Playboy Prince to Warrior King, Anne Curry, {{google books, _v-4BAAAQBAJ, yes, }}
  • BOOK, Dockray, 2001, Keith, Warrior King: The Life of Henry V, Tempus Publishing, 978-0-7524-3046-1,
  • BOOK, Earle, 1972, Peter, The Life and Times of Henry V, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 978-0-297-99428-2,weblink
  • BOOK, Hutchinson, 1967, Harold Frederick, Henry V: A Biography, Eyre & Spottiswoode, London,
  • DNB, Kingsford, C., Henry V (1387–1422), 26, Henry V, Charles Lethbridge Kingsford, harv,
  • BOOK, Kingsford, 1911, C., The First English Life of King Henry the Fifth, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1513,weblink
  • BOOK, Mortimer, 2009, I., 1415: Henry V's Year of Glory, The Bodley Head, London, 978-0-224-07992-1, {{google books, SPW5xwL9XwMC, yes, |ref=harv }}
  • JOURNAL, Muir Wilson, 1922, I. M. U., Henry V of England in France, 1415–1422, The Scottish Historical Review, 20, 77, 34–48, 25519493,
  • BOOK, Pollard, 2014-02-03, A.J., Henry V, The History Press, Stroud, 978-0-7524-9763-1, A. J. Pollard, harv,
  • RIPLEY, 1879, G., Dana, C., Henry V, New American Cyclopædia, American Cyclopædia, 2nd, 8, 644–6., D. Appleton & Company, New York, George Ripley (transcendentalist), Charles Anderson Dana, y, cs1, harv,
  • BOOK, Seward, 1987, D., Henry V as Warlord, Harmondsworth, Desmond Seward, harv,
  • BOOK, Wylie, 1914–29, Waugh, J.H., W.T., The Reign of Henry V, Cambridge University Press, y,

External links

{{wikisource author}}{{commons category}}
  • HENRY V, biography, Archontology, 28 November 2009,weblink
  • HENRY V,weblink BBC,
  • {{Citation | url =weblink | type = official website | publisher = British Monarchy | title = Henry V | place = UK}}.
  • HENRY V BIOGRAPHY, Who2,weblink
  • FERNANDEZ-ARMESTO, 2011-02-17, Felipe, The Myth of Henry V, Felipe Fernandez-Armesto, BBC,weblink
  • {{Citation | first = J Endell | last = Tyler | title = Henry of Monmouth: Memoirs of Henry the Fifth | url =weblink | publisher = Project Gutenberg}}.
  • {{Citation | url =weblink | type = illustrated history | contribution = Henry V | title = Plantagenets | publisher = English monarchs | place = UK}}.
  • {{worldcat id|id=lccn-n50038127}}
  • BBC Radio 4 Great Lives on Henry V â€“ listen online: HENRY V, BBC Radio 4, Great Lives,weblink
{{English, Scottish and British monarchs}}{{Dukes of Cornwall}}{{Dukes of Lancaster}}{{Authority control}}

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