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pedestal
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{other uses}}{{Redirect|Acropodium|the legume genus|Acropodium (genus)|"Plynth (Water Down the Drain)"|Beck-Ola}}
missing image!
- Statue Henri IV Pont Neuf.jpg -
A statue of Henry IV of France on a pedestal
File:Turtle Dragon's Message.jpg|thumb|The Chinese bixi has been traditionally used as a pedestal for carrying important steles]]
missing image!
- Shinto gohei.jpeg -
A plain sanbo (or (Wiktionary:お膳|Ozen)), a Japanese pedestal or plinth, in a Shinto shrine
A pedestal (from French piédestal, Italian piedistallo, "foot of a stall") or plinth is the support of a statue or a vase.

History

Although in Syria, Asia Minor and Tunisia the Romans occasionally raised the columns of their temples or propylaea on square pedestals, in Rome itself they were employed only to give greater importance to isolated columns, such as those of Trajan and Antoninus, or as a podium to the columns employed decoratively in the Roman triumphal arches.The architects of the Italian revival, however, conceived the idea that no order was complete without a pedestal, and as the orders were by them employed to divide up and decorate a building in several stories, the cornice of the pedestal was carried through and formed the sills of their windows, or, in open arcades, round a court, the balustrade of the arcade. They also would seem to have considered that the height of the pedestal should correspond in its proportion with that of the column or pilaster it supported; thus in the church of Saint John Lateran, where the applied order is of considerable dimensions, the pedestal is {{convert|13|ft|m}} high instead of the ordinary height of 3 to {{convert|5|ft|m}}.In the imperial China, a stone tortoise called bixi was traditionally used as the pedestal for important stele, especially those associated with emperors.Stele on the Back of Stone Tortoise (an overview of the Bixi tradition) According to the 1396 version of the regulations issued by the Ming Dynasty founder, the Hongwu Emperor, the highest nobility (those of the gong and hou ranks) and the officials of the top 3 ranks were eligible for bixi-based funerary tablets, while lower-level mandarins' steles were to stand on simple rectangular pedestals.{{citation
year=1892last=de Grootvolume=IIpages=451–452 }}.

Types

An elevated pedestal or plinth which bears a statue and which is raised from the substructure supporting it (typically roofs or corniches) is sometimes called an acropodium. The term is from the Greek akros or "topmost" and pous (root pod-) or "foot".

See also

Notes

{{Reflist}}

References

  • {{EB1911|wstitle=Pedestal}}
{{commons|Pedestal}}{{Wiktionary}}{{Wiktionary|Plynth}}{{Wiktionary|Plinth}}


- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "pedestal" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 6:00am EDT - Sun, Sep 15 2019
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