Southern Bug

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Southern Bug
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{{about|the Southern Bug River, in southern Ukraine|the Bug, a tributary of the Vistula River|Bug River}}__NOTOC__

| width_min = | width_avg = | width_max = | depth_min = | depth_avg = | depth_max = | discharge1_location= | discharge1_min = | discharge1_avg = 108 m3/s| discharge1_max = | source1 = | source1_location = Lviv Oblast, Ukraine| source1_coordinates= | source1_elevation = | mouth = | mouth_location = Bug Estuary, Ukraine| mouth_coordinates = | mouth_elevation = | progression = | river_system = 63700abbr=on}}| tributaries_left = | tributaries_right = | custom_label = | custom_data = | extra = }}(File:Yedisan.jpg|thumb|right|The river is named as Bog Fl[usse] on this German map.)The Southern Bug, also called Southern BuhWEB,weblink Encyclopædia Britannica: Southern Buh (River), Encyclopædia Britannica, May 8, 2011, (, Pivdennyi Buh; , Yuzhny Bug), and sometimes Boh River,Boh River at the Encyclopedia of Ukraine is a navigable river located in Ukraine. It is the second-longest river in Ukraine.The source of the river is in the west of Ukraine, in the Volyn-Podillia Upland, about {{convert|145|km|mi|abbr=off}} from the Polish border, from where it flows southeasterly into the Bug Estuary (Black Sea basin) through the southern steppes. It is {{convert|806|km|mi|abbr=off}} long and drains {{convert|63700|km2}}.Major cities on the Southern Bug are Khmelnytskyi, Vinnytsia, Pervomaisk, Mykolaiv (listed downstream, i.e. southwards).Between 1941 and 1944 during World War II the Southern Bug formed the border between the German-occupied Ukraine and the Romanian-occupied part of Ukraine, called Transnistria.

Nomenclature, etymology and history

(, Pivdennyi Buh; ; ; Ottoman )Herodotus (c. 484–425 BCE) refers to the river using its ancient Greek name: Hypanis.BOOK,weblink The Histories, Herodotus p.165,, 2009-01-30, 2013-01-05, During the Migration Period of the 5th to the 8th centuries CE the Southern Bug represented a major obstacle to all the migrating peoples in the area.The long-standing local Slavic name of the river, Boh (Cyrillic: Бог), may derive from a root meaning "rich" (, bahata).{{citation needed|date=October 2014}} The 17th-century French military engineer and geographer Guillaume Le Vasseur de Beauplan () recorded the name of the river as Boh Ruthenian (, Boh Ruskyi).Compare:BOOK, Le Vasseur de Beauplan, Guillaume, Guillaume Le Vasseur de Beauplan, 1651, Golitsyn, Avgustin Petrovich, Description de l'Vkranie depvis les confins de la Moscovie jvsqu'avx limites de la Transylvanie, Description of the Ukraine from the borders of Muscovy to the limits of Transylvania,weblink Bibliothèque russienne, French, Paris, J. Techener, 1861, 57, 2014-10-30, A trois lieues audessus de Douczakow [Ochakiv] est l'emboucheure du Bog où se trouve vne isle en forme de triangle, viron de demi lieue de long le trauers de Semenwiruk. [...] Au dessus de Semenwirut, il y a sur le Bog Winaradnakricza, qui est vne fontaine sur vn précipice, lieu beau et propre à habiter, tant pour le bois qui est à commodité que pour les moulins qui s'y pourraient faire., From the 16th to the 18th centuries most of the Southern Ukraine formed part of the Crimean Khanate and/or of the Ottoman Empire; the river had the Turkic name Aq-su, meaning the "White river"."Bug", a Russian name, became established during the colonial period in Ukraine and known internationally. It was a misnomer given{{clarify|date=August 2013}} by a Russian geologist (:ru:Ласкарев, Владимир Дмитриевич|Vladimir Laskaryev) at the beginning of 20th century.On March 6, 1918 the Central Council of Ukraine (Tsentralna Rada of the Ukrainian People's Republic) adopted the law "For the administrative-territorial division of Ukraine", dividing Ukraine into numerous lands. One of those lands in the upper stream of the river was named "Boh land" (, Pobozhia). Previously in the 18th century there had existed the Bohogard phalanx (, Bohogardivska palanka) as part of the Zaporizhian Sich centered in the city of Gard (today {{spaced ndash}} a tract near Yuzhnoukrainsk).

Bridges and ferries

{{expand section|date=August 2013}}File:Varvarovskiy Bridge-1.JPG|thumb|Varvarivskyi Bridge in MykolayivMykolayivThe Varvarivskyi Bridge over Southern Bug in Mykolayiv is a swing bridge (facilitating ship building) with Europe's largest span (134 m).WEB,weblink History, Kyivdiprotrans Institute, 19 August 2013, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 30 December 2013, It is also the southernmost bridge over the river.


The river is technically navigable for dozens of kilometers up from its mouth; several riverports (such as Mykolayiv) exist.In 2011, plans were announced to revive commercial freight navigation on the Southern Bug northerly of Mykolayiv to facilitate the increasing grain export from Ukraine.«НИБУЛОН» заложил основу собственного флота{{uk icon}} As of April 2018, freight navigation is renewed and active between the eastuary and the grain terminal in the village of Prybuzhany (located in Voznesensk Raion in central part of the Mykolaiv Oblast) newly-built by Nibulon.


File:Southern Bug under ice.JPG|Winter-frozen Southern Bug in Mykolaiv.Image:Rika Ploska vpadaye v Pivdenny Bug, Khmelnitsky, 2005 07 28.jpg|The Ploska River emptying into the Southern Bug.Image:South_Bug_Vinnitsa_2006_G1.JPG|Southern Bug in Vinnytsia.File:Ship M I Pirogov Vinnitsa 2006 G2.jpg|A riverboat on the river in Vinnytsia (2006).File:South bug08.jpg|Riverside skyline of Khmelnytskyi.File:Yujni bug 2.jpg|Southern Bug in vicinity of the Granite-steppe lands of Bug landscape park.File:Меджибізький замок (травень 2011).jpg|Southern Bug in Medzhybizh



External links

{{commons category}} {{coord|46|59|N|31|58|E|display=title|region:UA_type:river_source:GNS-enwiki}}{{Authority control}}

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- time: 6:07am EDT - Thu, Aug 22 2019
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