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Mykolaiv Oblast
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name Mykolaiv Oblast| native_name = {{br separated entries
| native_name_lang = uk style="background:#ececec; vertical-align:top;"!rowspan=2| Ethnicity("Nationality")!colspan=2| Permanent residents 2001!colspan=2| Language at home 2001 HTTP://2001.UKRCENSUS.GOV.UA/ENG/RESULTS/GENERAL/LANGUAGE/MYKOLAIV/, Linguistic composition of the population. About number and composition population of Mykolaiv Region by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001, State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2003-2004, !| !| Permanent residents 1989!colspan=2| Language at home 1989 style="background:#ececec; vertical-align:top;"!| Number HTTP://2001.UKRCENSUS.GOV.UA/ENG/RESULTS/GENERAL/NATIONALITY/MYKOLAIV/, National composition of population. About number and composition population of Mykolaiv Region by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001, State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2003-2004, !| % !| Ukrainian!| Russian!|!| % !| Ukrainian!| Russian
Oblasts of Ukraine>Oblast| image_skyline = | image_alt = | image_caption = | image_flag = Flag of Mykolaiv Oblast.svg| flag_alt = Flag of Mykolaiv Oblast| image_shield = Coat of Arms of Mykolaiv Oblast.svg| shield_alt = Coat of arms of Mykolaiv Oblast| image_map = Mykolaiv in Ukraine.svg| mapsize = 275px| map_alt = | map_caption = 47.43type:adm1st_region:UA|display=inline,title}}| coor_pinpoint = | coordinates_footnotes = List of sovereign states>CountryUkraine}}List of cities in Ukraine by population>Largest cities| parts_style = para| p1 = Established}}| established_date = Administrative centre>Administrative center| seat = Mykolaiv| leader_party = Governor of Mykolaiv Oblast>GovernorDATE=JUNE 11, 2019INTERFAX-UKRAINE>ACCESSDATE=JUNE 13, 2019, Mykolaiv Oblast Council>Oblast council64 seats}}weblink>Chairperson}}weblink>Victoria Moskalenkweblink {{#if:Petro Poroshenko Bloweblink|(Petro Poroshenko Bloc]weblink}}}}| unit_pref = Metric| area_footnotes = | area_total_km2 = 24598| area_land_km2 = | area_water_km2 = {{{PercentWater}}}% }}Ranked 14th}}| elevation_footnotes = | elevation_m = | population_footnotes = | population_total = {{decrease}} 1164342Ranked 18th}}| population_as_of = 2015| population_blank1_title = Annual growth{{{Population_Growth}}}% }}| population_density_km2 = autoDemographics}}| demographics1_footnotes = Official language(s)}}| demographics1_info1 = List of Ukrainian oblasts and territories by salary>Average salaryUkrainian hryvnia {{{Salary}}} {{#if:>({{{SalaryYear}}})}} }}| demographics1_title3 = Salary growth{{{Salary_Growth}}}%}}Raions of Ukraine>Raions| blank_info_sec1 = 19List of cities in Ukraine by subdivision#Mykolaiv Oblast>Cities (total)| blank1_info_sec1 = 10• }}Regional cities| blank2_info_sec1 = 5Urban-type settlements}}| blank3_info_sec1 = 17| blank4_name_sec1 = Villages| blank4_info_sec1 = 820Eastern European Time>EET| utc_offset1 = +2Eastern European Summer Time>EEST| utc_offset1_DST = +3Ukrainian postal codes>Postal codeUkrainian postal codes>54000-56999Area code#Ukraine>Area codeArea code#Ukraine>+380-51UA-48)Vehicle registration plates of Ukraine>Vehicle registration| registration_plate = | blank_name_sec2 = FIPS 10-4UP16)| website = www.mykolayiv-oda.gov.uawww.kmu.gov.ua| footnotes = }}Mykolaiv Oblast (, MykolajivÅ›ka oblasÅ¥; also referred to as Mykolaivshchyna, ), also known as Nikolaev or Nikolayev Oblast (, Nikoláyevskaya óblasÅ¥), is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Mykolaiv. Population: {{Ua-pop-est2015|1,164,342}}

Geography

The Mykolaiv Oblast is located in the southern half of Ukraine. Its area (24,600 km²), comprises about 4.07% of the total area of Ukraine.The Mykolaiv Oblast borders upon the Odessa Oblast in the west-southwest, the Kirovohrad Oblast in the north, the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast in the northeast, and the Kherson Oblast on the southeast.To the south, the oblast is also bordered by the Black Sea. To Mykolaiv Oblast belong Kinburn Peninsula, Berezan Island in Black Sea, Pervomaisky Island in Dnieper Estuary.In regards to relief, Mykolaiv Oblast is a plain that gently slops in southern direction.Vermenych, Ya. Mykolaiv Oblast (МИКОЛАЇВСЬКА ОБЛАСТЬ). Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine. 2009 Bigger portion of the territory lays within Black Sea Lowland. To the north there are spurs of Podolian and Dnieper uplands. Among major valuable deposits and minerals there are nickel, uranium ores, granite, gneiss, quartzites.The climate is moderately continental with a mild winter of small snow amount and hot arid summer.On territory of the region are 85 rivers that belong to basin of the Black Sea. Among main there are Southern Bug (Boh), Inhulets, and Berezan.

Points of interest

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine or Seven Natural Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics

The current estimated population is 1.2 million people (as of 2005). The greater part of the oblast's population resides in urban type settlements (66%), with the remainder residing in agricultural areas. Also, almost 60% of the urban population resides in Mykolayiv, the industrial, cultural and administrative center of Mykolayiv Oblast.The oblast's population density is one of the lowest in Ukraine – 52 people per 1 km². The oblast' is ranked 18 by the percentage of the population of Ukraine, that the Mykolaiv Oblast contain, which is 2.6%.

Age structure

0-14 years: 14.7% {{increase}} (male 88,668/female 83,434) 15-64 years: 70.7% {{decrease}} (male 396,342/female 432,808) 65 years and over: 14.6% {{steady}} (male 56,527/female 114,987) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 39.7 years {{increase}} male: 36.3 years {{increase}} female: 42.9 years {{increase}} (2013 official)

Ethnicity, language and citizenship

The oblast has a multi-ethnic composition; people of more than 100 ethnicities (national groups) live in the oblast. The most common language in the oblast is Ukrainian; the second most common language is Russian. In the city of Mykolaiv the most common language is Russian.In a survey in 2017, 63% of the population of the city of Mykolaiv spoke Russian at home, 7% Ukrainian, and 28% spoke both Ukrainian and Russian equally.WEB,weblink Public Opinion Survey of Residents of Ukraine June 9 – July 7, 2017, iri.org, 89, August 2017, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170822212837weblink">weblink 22 August 2017, dmy-all, At the time of the 2001 census, the oblast had 1,269,900 permanent residents. Of these:
  • 1,251,100 (99.1%) had Ukrainian citizenship.
  • 6,400 had citizenship of CIS countries.
  • 10,200 had citizenship of other countries.
  • 4,200 were without citizenship.
  • 1,000 who did not specify their citizenship.
{| class="wikitable sortable"|+
All ethnicities HTTP://2001.UKRCENSUS.GOV.UA/ENG/RESULTS/GENERAL/PERMANENT/MYKOLAIV/>TITLE=PERMANENT POPULATION. ABOUT NUMBER AND COMPOSITION POPULATION OF MYKOLAIV REGION BY DATA ALL-UKRAINIAN CENSUS OF THE POPULATION 2001DATE=2003-2004, 1,269,900 100.0% 69.2% 29.3% 100.0% 64.2% 33.8%
Ukrainian 1,034,400 81.9% 82.4% 17.5% 75.6%
Russian 177,500 14.1% 6.2% 93.7% 19.4%
Moldavian 13,200 1.0% 28.5% 16.8% 1.3%
Belarussian 8,400 0.7% 21.8% 58.5% 1.1%
Bulgarian 5,600 0.4% 16.9% 53.2% 0.5%
Armenian 4,300 0.3% 7.1% 35.8% 0.1%
Jew 3,300 0.3% 10.1% 87.4% 0.9%
Korean 1,800 0.1% 6.3% 70.8% 0.0%
Azerbaijanian 1,500 0.1% 8.1% 33.3% 0.1%
Gipsy (Roma) 1,400 0.1% 38.7% 15.2% 0.1%
Pole 1,300 0.1% 47.4% 44.1% 0.2%
Tatar 1,300 0.1% 7.3% 73.5% 0.1%
German 1,200 0.1% 26.8% 67.7% 0.1%
Other 7,700 0.7% 13.8% 37.3% 0.5%

Administrative divisions

Mykolaiv Oblast formed in September 1937. It is subdivided into 19 raions (administrative districts), and 4 municipalities (misto) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government.{| class="sortable wikitable"! Name || Ukrainian Name || Area (km2) || Populationcensus 2015WEB,weblink UkrStat, Population Quantity, Ukrainian, 7 January 2016, || Admin.center|| Urban Population OnlyMykolaiv > 260 align="right"Mykolaiv (city) >| 493,860Pervomaisk, Mykolaiv Oblast>Pervomaisk Первомайськ (місто) align="right" 66,677 Pervomaisk, Mykolaiv Oblast (city) >| 66,677Voznesensk > 23 align="right"Voznesensk (city) >| 35,520Yuzhnoukrainsk > 24 align="right"Yuzhnoukrainsk (city) >| 40,353Arbuzynka Raion > 969 align="right"Arbuzynka >| 8,543Bashtanka Raion > 1,706 align="right"Bashtanka >| 12,640Berezanka Raion > 1,378 align="right"Berezanka >| 4,120Bereznehuvate Raion > 1,264 align="right"Bereznehuvate >| 7,742Bratske Raion > 1,129 align="right"Bratske >| 5,325Domanivka Raion > 1,458 align="right"Domanivka >| 6,137Kazanka Raion > 1,349 align="right"Kazanka, Ukraine>Kazanka 7,207Kryve Ozero Raion > 814 align="right"Kryve Ozero >| 7,823Mykolaiv Raion, Mykolaiv Oblast>Mykolaiv Raion Миколаївський (район) align="right" 30,448 Mykolaiv (city) N/A *Novyi Buh Raion > 1,243 align="right"Novyi Buh >| 15,566Nova Odesa Raion > 1,428 align="right"Nova Odesa >| 12,108Ochakiv Raion > 1,500 align="right"Ochakiv >| 14,489Pervomaisk Raion > 1,319 align="right"Pervomaisk, Mykolaiv Oblast>Pervomaisk (city) N/A *Snihurivka Raion > 1,350 align="right"Snihurivka >| 12,870Veselynove Raion > 1,245 align="right"Veselynove >| 8,060Vitovka Raion > 1,460 align="right"Mykolaiv (city) >| N/A *Voznesensk Raion > 1,392 align="right"Voznesensk (city) >| N/A *Vradiivka Raion > 801 align="right"Vradiivka >| 8,391Yelanets Raion > 1,018 align="right"Yelanets >| 4,912Total Oblast > 24,585 align="right"| 791,227Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that its named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:
  • Settlements — 922, including:
    • Villages — 896;
    • Cities/Towns — 21, including:
      • Cities of raion subordinance — 4 (Bashtanka, Novyi Buh, Nova Odesa and Snihurivka);
      • Urban-type settlement — 17;
  • Selsovets — 287.
The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Infrastructure and economy

Public opinion

During the 1991 referendum, 89.45% of votes in Mykolaiv Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kiev International Institute of Sociology found 2.1% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 95.5% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.NEWS,weblink uk:Лише 3% українців хочуть приєднання їх області до Росії, Ukrainian, Only 3% of Ukrainians want their region to become part of Russia, Dzerkalo Tyzhnia, 3 January 2015,

See also

References

{{reflist}}

External links

{{Mykolaiv Oblast}}{{Administrative divisions of Ukraine}}{{Authority control}}

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