President of Brazil

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President of Brazil
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{{Use dmy dates|date=April 2019}}

|flag = Presidential Standard of Brazil.svg{{!}}border|flagsize = 125Flag of Brazil#Governmental flags>Presidential Standard of Brazil|image = File:Jair Bolsonaro em 24 de abril de 2019 (1) (cropped).jpg|imagesize = 220|incumbent = Jair Bolsonaro|incumbentsince = 1 January 2019| department = Federal government of BrazilMr. President (title)>Mr. President or even simply President (government title){{small>(informal)}}Most Excellent Mr. President of the Republic{{smallExcellency#Brazil>Excellency{{small|(alternative formal, diplomatic)}}|residence = Palácio da AlvoradaHead of state>Head of StateHead of Government|seat = Brasília|nominator = Political PartyCabinet of Brazil>Cabinet National Defense Council |appointer = National Congress of Brazil|constituting_instrument = Constitution of Brazil |termlength = Four years|termlength_qualified = Renewable onceProclamation of the Republic (Brazil)>Proclamation of the Republic15 November 1889Brazilian real>R$ 402,151 annuallyPortal da Transparência{{Dead linkbot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}, Ministry of Transparency, Supervision and Control. Retrieved on 29 May 2018. {{pt icon}}|inaugural = Deodoro da Fonseca|deputy = Vice President of Brazil|website = of arms of Brazildate = March 2019}}{{Short description|Head of state and head of government of Brazil}}{{Politics of Brazil}}The president of Brazil (), officially the president of the Federative Republic of Brazil () or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of Brazil. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the Brazilian Armed Forces. The presidential system was established in 1889, upon the proclamation of the republic in a military coup d'état against Emperor Pedro II. Since then, Brazil has had six constitutions, three dictatorships, and three democratic periods. During the democratic periods, voting has always been compulsory. The Constitution of Brazil, along with several constitutional amendments, establishes the requirements, powers, and responsibilities of the president, their term of office and the method of election.Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, art. 15 and Chapter IIJair Bolsonaro is the 38th and current president. He was sworn in on 1 January 2019 following the 2018 presidential election.NEWS, NPR, Right-Wing Populist Jair Bolsonaro Sworn In As President Of Brazil, 1 January 2019, 1 January 2019,weblink

Constitutional powers

As a republic with a presidential executive, Brazil grants significant powers to the president, who effectively controls the executive branch, represents the country abroad, and appoints the cabinet and, with the approval of the Senate, the judges for the Supreme Federal Court. The president is also the commander-in-chief of the armed forces.Presidents in Brazil have significant lawmaking powers, exercised either by proposing laws to the National Congress or by using (provisional measures), an instrument with the force of law that the president can enact in cases of urgency and necessity except to make changes to some areas of law (provisional measures cannot be used to change criminal law or electoral law). A provisional measure comes into effect immediately, before Congress votes on it, and remains in force for up to 60 days unless Congress votes to rescind it. The 60-day period can be extended once, up to 120 days. If Congress, on the other hand, votes to approve the provisional measure, it becomes an actual law, with changes decided by the legislative branch. The provisional measure expires at the end of the 60-day period (or the 120-day, in the case of extension), or sooner, if rejected by one of the Houses of Congress.Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, art. 62 as amended by constitutional amendment n. 32Article 84 of the current Federal Constitution, determines that the president has the power to
  1. appoint and dismiss the ministers of state;
  2. exercise, with the assistance of the ministers of state, the higher management of the federal administration

  1. start the legislative procedure, in the manner and in the cases set forth in the constitution;
  2. sanction, promulgate and order the publication of laws, and issue decrees and regulations for the true enforcement thereof;
  3. veto bills, wholly or in part;
  4. provide, by means of decree, on organization and structure of federal administration if there is neither increase of expenses nor creation or extinction of public agencies; and extinction of offices or positions, when vacant;
  5. maintain relations with foreign States and to accredit their diplomatic representatives;
  6. conclude international treaties, conventions and acts, subject to the ratification of the National Congress of Brazil;
  7. decree the state of defense and the state of siege, in accordance with the constitutional procedures that precede and authorize those emergency decrees;
  8. decree and enforce federal intervention, in accordance with the constitutional procedures that precede and authorize such exceptional action;
  9. upon the opening of the legislative session, send a government message and plan to the National Congress, describing the state of the nation and requesting the actions he deems necessary;
  10. grant pardons and reduce sentences, after hearing the entities instituted by law, if necessary;
  11. exercise the supreme command of the armed forces, appoint the commanders of navy, army and air force, promote general officers and to appoint them to the offices held exclusively by them;
  12. appoint, after approval by the Federal Senate, the Justices of the Supreme Federal Court and those of the superior courts, the Governors of the territories, the Prosecutor General of the Republic, the president and the directors of the Central Bank and other civil servants, when established by law;
  13. appoint, with due regard for the provisions of Article 73, the Justices of the Court of Accounts of the Union;
  14. appoint judges in the events established by this constitution and the Attorney General of the Union;
  15. appoint members of the Council of the Republic, in accordance with article 89, VII;
  16. summon and preside over the Council of the Republic and the National Defense Council;
  17. declare war, in the event of foreign aggression, authorized by the National Congress or confirmed by it, whenever it occurs between legislative sessions and, under the same conditions, to decree full or partial national mobilization;
  18. make peace, authorized or confirmed by the National Congress;
  19. award decorations and honorary distinctions;
  20. permit, in the cases set forth by supplementary law, foreign forces to pass through the national territory, or to remain temporarily therein;
  21. submit to the National Congress the pluriannual plan, the bill of budgetary directives and the budget proposals set forth in this constitution;
  22. render, each year, accounts to the National Congress concerning the previous fiscal year, within sixty days of the opening of the legislative session;
  23. fill and abolish federal government positions, as set forth by law;
  24. issue provisional measures, with force of law, according to Article 62;
  25. perform other duties set forth in the constitution.



The Constitution of Brazil requires that a president be a native-born citizen of Brazil, at least 35 years of age, a resident of Brazil, in full exercise of their electoral rights, a registered voter, and a member of a political party (write-in or independent candidates are prohibited).BOOK, Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 14, paragraph 3,

Term limits

The president of Brazil serves for a term of four years,BOOK, Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 82, and may be re-elected for a single consecutive term.BOOK, Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 14, paragraph 5, This two-term limit, however, is not for life—a former president who has served for two consecutive terms may, at a later time, run again for office, as long as at least one term has elapsed.A vice president or other officer who succeeds to the presidency or who serves, albeit briefly, as acting president during a certain presidential term may subsequently be elected or reelected to the presidency only once, as the consecutive term limit already applies. In practice, Brazilian vice-presidents almost always serve as acting president at some point during a presidential term, given that, according to the Constitution, the vice-president becomes acting president during the president's travels abroad.

Running for other offices

A sitting president (or governor or mayor) who wishes to run for a different office, regardless of the intended jurisdiction or branch of government, must resign from office at least six months before election day.BOOK, Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil, article 14, paragraph 6,


The current term of four years was established by the 5th Amendment to the Constitution, in 1994, and the possibility of reelection by the 16th Amendment, in 1997. Before that, presidents had been barred from immediate reelection for all of Brazil's republican history, with the single exception of the latter half of the Vargas Era, from 1937 to 1945. The office was limited to men until the 1937 Constitution.

Compensation and privileges of office

}}As of 2015,Diário da União publica reajuste de salários de parlamentares, presidente e ministros ("Brazilian 'Federal Register' publishes a pay raise for senators, representatives, president and ministries"), Estado de Minas, Belo Horizonte, 19 December 2014. Retrieved on 29 May 2018. {{pt icon}} the president receives a monthly salary of R$30,934.70,Portal da Transparência{{Dead link|date=December 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}, Ministry of Transparency, Supervision and Control. Retrieved on 29 May 2018. {{pt icon}} along with an undisclosed expense account to cover travel, goods and services while in office.Ajuste ainda não chegou aos gastos sigilosos ("Cuts have yet to be made to undisclosed expenses") {{webarchive|url= |date=14 July 2011 }} Ministério do Planejamento. Retrieved on 27 May 2011. {{pt icon}} Given that in Brazil all private and public sector employees and civil servants receive an additional compensation equivalent to one monthly salary after a year of work (this compensation is known as the thirteenth salary), the president receives 13 payments per year, resulting in an annual salary of R$402,151.10.
The Palácio do Planalto in Brasília is the official workplace of the president and the Palácio da Alvorada their official residence; he or she is entitled to use its staff and facilities.Palácio do Planalto {{Webarchive|url= |date=21 September 2016 }} Presidência da República. Retrieved on 27 May 2011. {{pt icon}}.Palácio da Alvorada {{Webarchive|url= |date=13 August 2011 }} Presidência da República. Retrieved on 27 May 2011. {{pt icon}}. The Residência Oficial do Torto, popularly known as Granja do Torto, is a ranch located on the outskirts of the capital and is used as a country retreat by the president.Granja do Torto {{Webarchive|url= |date=13 August 2011 }} Presidência da República. Retrieved on 27 May 2011. {{pt icon}}. The Palácio Rio Negro in Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, is a summer retreat of the president, although used rarely.Rio Negro Palace Prefeitura de Petrópolis. Retrieved on 27 May 2011.In addition, the presidency of the republic also maintains the Jaburu Palace in Brasília for use by the vice president of the Republic as his or her official residence.In the 2000s, the federal government decided to establish Regional Offices of the Presidency of the Republic in certain key Brazilian cities. Those regional offices are not presidential residences, but they are fully staffed offices ready to receive the president and his ministers at any time, and they function as a presidential workplace when the president is in those cities. The first regional office of the presidency was established in the city of São Paulo, and is located at the Banco do Brasil building at the Paulista Avenue; the building also houses Banco do Brasil's regional headquarters in São Paulo. The presidency of the republic also maintains regional offices in Porto Alegre and in Belo Horizonte.
For ground travel, the president uses the presidential state car, which is an armored version of the 2019 Ford Fusion HybridNEWS, Carros blindados para as famílias de Bolsonaro e Mourão,weblink O Antagonista, 25 May 2019, built on a Ford CD3 platform. A 1952 Rolls Royce Silver Wraith is used by the president on ceremonial occasions, such as Independence Day commemorations, state visits and the inauguration of the president-elect.Rolls-Royce presidencial é um dos destaques do desfile de 7 de setembro ("Presidential Rolls Royce is one of the highlights of the Independence Day parade") Presidência da República. Retrieved on 27 May 2011. {{pt icon}}. A modified version of the Airbus A319, air force designation VC-1A, is used to transport the president on all medium and long-range international flights.Infográfico especial sobre o avião presidencial ("Special infographic of the presidential airplane") Presidência da República. Retrieved on 27 May 2011. {{pt icon}}.FAB 001 – O Avião Presidencial {{webarchive|url= |date=26 June 2015 }} DefesaBR. Retrieved on 27 May 2011. {{pt icon}}. Two modified Embraer 190 jets, air force designation VC-2, are used for short and medium range presidential travel.Presidência da República nas asas da Embraer ("The Presidency on the wings of Embraer") Presidência da República. Retrieved on 27 May 2011. {{pt icon}}. When the president is on board, the aircraft receive the call sign "Brazilian Air Force One". Two modified military versions of the Eurocopter Super Puma, air force designation VH-34, are currently used as the main presidential helicopters.Helicóptero Presidencial Brasileiro (VH-34 Super Puma VIP) ("Brazilian Presidential Helicopter (VH-34 Super Puma VIP))"{{dead link|date=December 2017 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }} Hangar20. Retrieved on 27 May 2011. {{pt icon}}.File:Palácio do Planalto GGFD8938.jpg|Palácio do PlanaltoFile:Homologação do tombamento de obras do Niemeyer (34321040524).jpg|Palácio da AlvoradaFile:Residencia Oficial do Torto.jpg|Residência Oficial do TortoFile:President's Summer home, Rio Negro Palace, Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro.jpg|Palácio Rio NegroFile:Flag hoisting ceremony at the Planalto Palace (cropped).jpg|Presidential state carFile:Rolls-Royce Presidencial.jpg|Ceremonial state carFile:Airbus A319CJ Brazilian Air Force FAB2101 (23034931879).jpg|Main presidential aircraft (VC-1A)File:Embraer VC-2, Brazil - Air Force JP6903556.jpg|Secondary presidential aircraft (VC-2)File:PR helicoptero.jpg|Presidential helicopter (VH-34 and VH-36)


The president may be removed from officeConstitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil 1988 - SECTION III - LIABILITY OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC (English translation) using one of two procedures. In either case, two-thirds of the Chamber of Deputies must accept charges against the officeholder (impeachment); and if the Senate accepts the investigation, the president is suspended from exercising the functions of office for up to 180 days. In the case of "common criminal offenses", a trial then takes place at the Supreme Federal Court. In the case of "crimes of malversation", which must fall into one of seven broad areas and which is defined in more detail in law, a trial takes place at the Federal Senate. During the trial, the vice president exercises executive power. If the trial does not result in a conviction within 180 days, the president resumes office; a conviction results in removal from office and succession by the vice president. The seven areas are:
  1. The existence of the Union
  2. The free exercise of the Legislative Power, the Judicial Power, the Public Prosecution and the constitutional Powers of the units of the Federation
  3. The exercise of political, individual and social rights
  4. The internal security of the country
  5. Probity in the administration
  6. The budgetary law
  7. Compliance with the laws and with court decisions


The following privileges are guaranteed to former presidents by law:
  • Permanent security protection (by the presidential guard – Batalhão da Guarda Presidencial)
  • The use of two official vehicles (for life)
  • Repository funding for a presidential library
  • Lifelong monthly pension for their widows and unmarried daughters
  • Pension for sons of deceased ex-presidents until they come of age
As of {{Date}}, there are six living former presidents and one incumbent president. The most recent death of a former president was that of Itamar Franco (1992–95), on 2 July 2011.File:Sarney no Senado em Posse presidencial - 2019.jpg|José Sarney,served 1985–1990{{birth date and age|df=yes|1930|4|24}}File:Fernando_Collor_no_Senado_em_Posse_presidencial_-_2019.jpg|Fernando Collor de Mello,served 1990–1992{{birth date and age|df=yes|1949|8|12}}File:FHC 2017.jpg|Fernando Henrique Cardoso,served 1995–2002{{birth date and age|df=yes|1931|6|18}}File:Lula bancada PT Senado Câmara-2015 06 29 (cropped).jpg|Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva,served 2003–2010{{birth date and age|df=yes|1945|10|27}}File:Dilma Rousseff 2017.jpg|Dilma Rousseff,served 2011–2016{{birth date and age|df=yes|1947|12|14}}File:Ibaneis Rocha Barros Jr se encontra com o vice-presidente Michel Temer (cropped2).jpg|Michel Temer,served 2016–2018{{birth date and age|df=yes|1940|09|23}}


All presidents of Brazil bore the title President of the Republic. That title has been used by all the constitutions of Brazil since the proclamation of the Republic to refer to the head of the Executive Branch.However, from the proclamation of the Republic in 1889 until 1937 the country was officially styled Republic of the United States of Brazil, and from 1937 to 1967 the country was styled simply The United States of Brazil, and thus the full title of the presidents of the Republic from 1891 until 1967—that is, from Deodoro da Fonseca's inauguration as President (between 1889 and 1891 he served as Head of the Provisional Government) until the end of Humberto Castello Branco's term in 1967—was President of the Republic of the United States of Brazil. On 15 March 1967, the country's official name was changed to Federative Republic of Brazil. On that same date, Arthur da Costa e Silva was sworn in as President succeeding Castello Branco. Since Costa e Silva, therefore, all presidents of Brazil have borne the full title of President of the Federative Republic of Brazil.File:Deodoro da Fonseca (1889).jpg|1stDeodoro da Fonseca1889–1891File:Floriano Peixoto (1891).jpg|2ndFloriano Peixoto1891–1894File:Prudentedemorais.jpg|3rdPrudente de Morais1894–1898 (Away from November 10, 1896 to March 4, 1897)File:Manuel Victorino.jpg|-Manuel Vitorino1896–1897File:Campos Sales.jpg|4thCampos Sales1898–1902File:Rodrigues Alves 3.jpg|5thRodrigues Alves1902–1906File:Afonso Pena.jpg|6thAfonso Pena1906–1909File:Nilo Peçanha 02.jpg|7thNilo Peçanha1909–1910File:Hermes da Fonseca (1910).jpg|8thHermes da Fonseca1910–1914File:Venceslau Brás.jpg|9thVenceslau Brás1914–1918File:Delfim Moreira (1918).jpg|10thDelfim Moreira1918–1919File:Epitacio Pessoa (1919).jpg|11thEpitácio Pessoa1919–1922File:Artur Bernardes (1922).jpg|12thArthur Bernardes1922–1926File:Washington Luís (foto).jpg|13thWashington Luís1926–1930File:Cartão-postal de Campanha de Júlio Prestes - 1930 (cropped).jpg|-Júlio PrestesNever took office by 1930 Brazilian revolutionFile:Isaías_de_Noronha_2,_sem_data.tif|-Isaías de Noronha1930 (October, 24-November, 3)File:Augusto_Tasso_Fragoso.jpg|-Augusto Tasso Fragoso1930 (October, 24-November, 3)João_de_Deus_Menna_Barreto,_General,_1931.tif|-João de Deus Mena Barreto1930 (October, 24-November, 3) File:Getulio Vargas (1930).jpg|14thGetúlio Vargas1930–1945File:José Linhares, presidente dos Estados Unidos do Brasil.tif|15thJosé Linhares1945–1946File:GASPARDUTRA.jpg|16thEurico Gaspar Dutra1946–1951File:17 - Getúlio Dorneles Vargas 1951 derivative.jpg|17thGetúlio Vargas1951–1954File:Café Filho.jpg|18thCafé Filho1954–1955File:CarlosLuz.jpg|19thCarlos Luz1955File:Nereu.gif|20thNereu Ramos1955–1956File:Juscelino.jpg|21stJuscelino Kubitschek1956–1961File:Janio Quadros.png|22ndJânio Quadros1961File:Ranieri Mazzilli (1961).jpg|23rdRanieri Mazzilli1961File:Jango.jpg|24thJoão Goulart1961–1964File:Ranieri Mazzilli (1961).jpg|25thRanieri Mazzilli1964File:Castelobranco.jpg|26thCastelo Branco1964–1967File:Costa e Silva.jpg|27thArtur da Costa e Silva1967–1969File:Pedro Aleixo.jpg|-Pedro AleixoNever took officeFile:Brigadeiro_Márcio_de_Souza_Mello,_Ministro_da_Aeronáutica.tif|-Márcio Melo1969 (August 31-October 30) File:Aurélio_de_Lira_Tavares,_General,_Ministro_do_Exército..tif|-Aurélio de Lira Tavares1969 (August 31-October 30)File:Augusto Hamann Rademaker Grünewald, Vice-presidente da República..tif|-Augusto Rademaker1969 (August 31-October 30)File:Emílio Garrastazu Médici, presidente da República. (cropped).tif|28thEmílio Garrastazu Médici1969–1974File:Ernesto Geisel.jpg|29thErnesto Geisel1974–1979File:Figueiredo.jpg|30thJoão Figueiredo1979–1985File:Tancredo-neves-5.jpg|-Tancredo NevesDied before assuming presidencyFile:Foto Oficial Sarney EBC.jpg|31stJosé Sarney1985–1990File:Fernando collor (foto colorida).jpg|32ndFernando Collor de Mello1990–1992File:Itamar Augusto Cautiero Franco.gif|33rdItamar Franco1992–1994File:Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1994).jpg|34thFernando Henrique Cardoso1995–2002File:Lula - foto oficial - 05 jan 2007 (cropped 3).jpg|35thLuiz Inácio Lula da Silva2003–2010File:Dilma Rousseff - foto oficial 2011-01-09.jpg|36thDilma Rousseff2011–2016File:Presidente Michel Temer (foto oficial) - cortada.jpg|37thMichel Temer2016–2018File:Jair Bolsonaro em 24 de abril de 2019 (1) (cropped).jpg|38thJair Bolsonaro2019–present

Presidents by birth state

(File:Presidential standard of Brazil.jpg|right|thumb|Presidential standard of Brazil){{flag|Minas Gerais}}: 9 (Afonso Pena, Venceslau Brás, Delfim Moreira, Arthur Bernardes, Carlos Luz, Juscelino Kubitschek, Pedro Aleixo, Tancredo Neves, Dilma Rousseff){{flag|São Paulo}}: 7 (Prudente de Morais, Campos Sales, Rodrigues Alves, Júlio Prestes, Ranieri Mazzilli, Michel Temer, Jair Bolsonaro){{flag|Rio Grande do Sul}}: 6 (Hermes da Fonseca, Getúlio Vargas, João Goulart, Artur da Costa e Silva, Emílio Garrastazu Médici, Ernesto Geisel){{flag|Rio de Janeiro}}: 5 (Nilo Peçanha, Washington Luís, João Figueiredo, Fernando Collor de Mello, Fernando Henrique Cardoso){{flag|Alagoas}}: 2 (Deodoro da Fonseca, Floriano Peixoto){{flag|Ceará}}: 2 (José Linhares, Castelo Branco){{flag|Bahia}}: 2 (Itamar FrancoBorn in a ship at the sea, was registered in Salvadorweblink Manuel Vitorino){{flag|Mato Grosso}}: 1 (Eurico Gaspar Dutra){{flag|Mato Grosso do Sul}}: 1 (Jânio Quadros){{flag|Maranhão}}: 1 (José Sarney){{flag|Paraíba}}: 1 (Epitácio Pessoa){{flag|Pernambuco}}: 1 (Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva){{flag|Rio Grande do Norte}}: 1 (Café Filho){{flag|Santa Catarina}}: 1 (Nereu Ramos)

Latest election

{|class=wikitable style=text-align:right!colspan=2 rowspan=2|Candidate!rowspan=2|Party!rowspan=2|Running mate!rowspan=2|Party!colspan=2|First round!colspan=2|Second round!Votes!%!Votes!%!align=left|Jair Bolsonaro||align=left|PSL||align=left|Hamilton Mourão||align=left|PRTB||49,277,010||46.03||57,796,972 ||55.13 Fernando Haddadalign=leftWorkers' Party (Brazil)>PTalign=leftManuela d'Ávila>Manuela d'Ávilaalign=leftCommunist Party of Brazil>PCdoB31,342,05129.2847,038,792 44.87Ciro Gomesalign=leftDemocratic Labour Party (Brazil)>PDTalign=leftKátia Abreu>Kátia Abreualign=leftDemocratic Labour Party (Brazil)>PDT13,344,37112.47colspan=2 rowspan=11|Geraldo Alckminalign=leftBrazilian Social Democracy Party>PSDBalign=leftAna Amélia Lemos>Ana Améliaalign=leftProgressistas>PP5,096,3504.76 João Amoêdoalign=leftNew Party (Brazil)>NOVOalign=leftNew Party (Brazil)>|2.50Cabo Dacioloalign=leftPatriota>PATRIalign=leftPatriota>|1.26Henrique Meirellesalign=leftBrazilian Democratic Movement>MDBalign=leftGermano Rigotto>Germano Rigottoalign=leftBrazilian Democratic Movement>MDB1,288,9501.20 Marina Silvaalign=leftSustainability Network>REDEalign=leftEduardo Jorge>Eduardo Jorgealign=leftGreen Party (Brazil)>PV1,069,5781.00Álvaro Diasalign=leftPodemos (Brazil)>PODEalign=leftPaulo Rabello de Castro>Paulo Rabello de Castroalign=leftSocial Christian Party (Brazil)>PSC859,6010.80Guilherme Boulosalign=leftSocialism and Liberty Party>PSOLalign=leftSônia Guajajara>Sônia Guajajaraalign=leftSocialism and Liberty Party>PSOL617,1220.58 Vera Lúciaalign=leftUnited Socialist Workers' Party>PSTUalign=leftUnited Socialist Workers' Party>|0.05 José Maria Eymaelalign=leftChristian Democracy (Brazil)>DCalign=leftChristian Democracy (Brazil)>|0.04 João Vicente Goulartalign=leftFree Homeland Party (Brazil)>PPLalign=leftFree Homeland Party (Brazil)>|0.03Invalid/blank votes10,313,1598.7911,094,570|10.58Total117,364,654100.00115,930,334100.00 Registered voters/turnout147,306,29579.67147,306,294|78.70Source: TSE (runoff election at 100% of "sections" counted)

See also



External links

{{Commons|Presidents of Brazil}} {{Navboxes|list={{Cabinet of Brazil}}{{Brazil topics}}{{Presidents of Brazil}}{{South America in topic|Presidents of}}{{Heads of State of the South America}}}}

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