Henry Miller

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Henry Miller
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{{short description|American novelist}}{{Other people}}

Yorkville, Manhattan, New York (state)>New York,}}| death_place = Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles, California, U.S.| occupation = Writer| nationality = American| period = 1934–80| genre = Roman à clef, philosophical fictionBeatrice Sylvas Wickens1924June Miller1934Janina Martha Lepska1952Eve McClure1960Hiroko Tokuda1977|end=divorced}}|children = 3Tropic of Cancer (novel)>Tropic of Cancer''Black Spring (novel)'Tropic of Capricorn (novel)>Tropic of Capricorn'The Colossus of MaroussiThe Rosy Crucifixion''| signature = Henry Miller signature.svg}}Henry Valentine Miller (December 26, 1891 – June 7, 1980) was an American writer. He was known for breaking with existing literary forms and developing a new type of semi-autobiographical novel that blended character study, social criticism, philosophical reflection, stream of consciousness, explicit language, sex, surrealist free association, and mysticism.BOOK, Shifreen, Lawrence J., Henry Miller: a Bibliography of Secondary Sources,weblink Rowman & Littlefield, 1979, 75–77, ...Miller's metamorphosis and his acceptance of the cosmos., Mary V. Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive: A Biography of Henry Miller, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991, p 12. His most characteristic works of this kind are Tropic of Cancer, Black Spring, Tropic of Capricorn and The Rosy Crucifixion trilogy, which are based on his experiences in New York and Paris (all of which were banned in the United States until 1961)."Henry Miller's novels censored and banned in US due to their sexually explicitly content,", 2001. He also wrote travel memoirs and literary criticism, and painted watercolors."Gallery," Accessed August 31, 2013.

Early life

Miller was born at his family's home, 450 East 85th Street, in the Yorkville section of Manhattan, New York City. He was the son of Lutheran German parents, Louise Marie (Neiting) and tailor Heinrich Miller.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, pp. 20–22. As a child, he lived for nine years at 662 Driggs Avenue in Williamsburg, Brooklyn,Jake Mooney, "'Ideal Street' Seeks Eternal Life," The New York Times, May 1, 2009. known at that time (and referred to frequently in his works) as the Fourteenth Ward. In 1900, his family moved to 1063 Decatur Street in the Bushwick section of Brooklyn.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, p. 36. After finishing elementary school, although his family remained in Bushwick, Miller attended Eastern District High School in Williamsburg.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, p. 38. As a young man, he was active with the Socialist Party of America (his "quondam idol" was the black Socialist Hubert Harrison).Introduction from A Hubert Harrison Reader, University Press of New England He attended the City College of New York for one semester.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, p. 42.


Brooklyn, 1917–30

Miller married his first wife, Beatrice Sylvas Wickens, in 1917;Frederick Turner, Renegade: Henry Miller and the Making of Tropic of Cancer, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011, pp. 88, 104. their divorce was granted on December 21, 1923.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, p. 85. Together they had a daughter, Barbara, born in 1919.Robert Ferguson, Henry Miller: A Life, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1991, p. 60. They lived in an apartment at 244 6th Avenue in Park Slope, Brooklyn.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, p. 59. At the time, Miller was working at Western Union; he worked there from 1920-24. In March 1922, during a three-week vacation, he wrote his first novel, Clipped Wings. It has never been published, and only fragments remain, although parts of it were recycled in other works, such as Tropic of Capricorn.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, pp. 70–73. A study of twelve Western Union messengers, Miller called Clipped Wings "a long book and probably a very bad one."Henry Miller (ed. Antony Fine), Henry Miller: Stories, Essays, Travel Sketches, New York: MJF Books, 1992, p. 5.In 1923, while he was still married to Beatrice, Miller met and became enamored of a mysterious dance hall dancer who was born Juliet Edith Smerth but went by the stage name June Mansfield. She was 21 at the time.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, pp. 78-80. They began an affair, and were married on June 1, 1924.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, p. 87. In 1924 Miller quit Western Union in order to dedicate himself completely to writing.JOURNAL,weblink The Paris Review, Henry Miller, The Art of Fiction No. 28, Wickes, George, Summer–Fall 1962, Miller later describes this time – his struggles to become a writer, his sexual escapades, failures, friends, and philosophy – in his autobiographical trilogy The Rosy Crucifixion.Miller's second novel, (Moloch: or, This Gentile World), was written in 1927–28, initially under the guise of a novel written by June.“Moloch, Or, This Gentile World,” Publishers Weekly, September 28, 1992. A rich older admirer of June, Roland Freedman, paid her to write the novel; she would show him pages of Miller's work each week, pretending it was hers.Mary V. Dearborn, "Introduction," Moloch: or, This Gentile World, New York: Grove Press, 1992, pp. vii–xv. The book went unpublished until 1992, 65 years after it was written and 12 years after Miller's death. Moloch is based on Miller's first marriage, to Beatrice, and his years working as a personnel manager at the Western Union office in Lower Manhattan.Ferguson, Henry Miller: A Life, pp. 156–58. A third novel written around this time, Crazy Cock, also went unpublished until after Miller's death. Initially titled Lovely Lesbians, Crazy Cock (along with his later novel Nexus) told the story of June's close relationship with the artist Marion, whom June had renamed Jean Kronski. Kronski lived with Miller and June from 1926 until 1927, when June and Kronski went to Paris together, leaving Miller behind, which upset him greatly. Miller suspected the pair of having a lesbian relationship. While in Paris, June and Kronski did not get along, and June returned to Miller several months later.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, pp. 102-17. Kronski committed suicide around 1930.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, p. 119.

Paris, 1930–39

In 1928, Miller spent several months in Paris with June, a trip which was financed by Freedman. One day on a Paris street, Miller met another author, Robert W. Service, who recalled the story in his autobiography: "Soon we got into conversation which turned to books. For a stripling he spoke with some authority, turning into ridicule the pretentious scribes of the Latin Quarter and their freak magazine."WEB,weblink Henry Miller (1891-1980),, 15 March 2018, In 1930, Miller moved to Paris unaccompanied.WEB,weblink Henry Miller: Born to be Wild, Anderson, Christiann, March 2004, September 30, 2011, BonjourParis, Soon after, he began work on Tropic of Cancer, writing to a friend, "I start tomorrow on the Paris book: First person, uncensored, formless - fuck everything!"Alexander Nazaryan, "Henry Miller, Brooklyn Hater," The New Yorker, May 10, 2013. Although Miller had little or no money the first year in Paris, things began to change after meeting Anaïs Nin who, with Hugh Guiler, went on to pay his entire way through the 1930s including the rent for an apartment at 18 Villa Seurat. Nin became his lover and financed the first printing of Tropic of Cancer in 1934 with money from Otto Rank.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, p. 171. She would write extensively in her journals about her relationship with Miller and his wife June; the first volume, covering the years 1931-34, was published in 1966. Late in 1934, June divorced Miller by proxy in Mexico City.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, p. 174.In 1931, Miller was employed by the Chicago Tribune Paris edition as a proofreader, thanks to his friend Alfred Perlès who worked there. Miller took this opportunity to submit some of his own articles under Perlès' name, since at that time only the editorial staff were permitted to publish in the paper. This period in Paris was highly creative for Miller, and during this time he also established a significant and influential network of authors circulating around the Villa Seurat.Gifford, James. Ed. The Henry Miller-Herbert Read Letters: 1935–58. Ann Arbor: Roger Jackson Inc., 2007. At that time a young British author, Lawrence Durrell, became a lifelong friend. Miller's correspondence with Durrell was later published in two books.BOOK, Wickes, George, Lawrence Durrell & Henry Miller: A Private Correspondence, Dutton, New York, 1963, 188175, BOOK, MacNiven, Ian S, The Durrell-Miller Letters 1935–80, Faber, London, 1988, 0-571-15036-5, During his Paris period he was also influenced by the French Surrealists.His works contain detailed accounts of sexual experiences. His first published book, Tropic of Cancer (1934), was published by Obelisk Press in Paris and banned in the United States on the grounds of obscenity.WEB,weblink Celebrate Banned Books Week: Read Now, Before It's Too Late, Baron, Dennis, October 1, 2009, September 30, 2011, Web of Language, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, The dust jacket came wrapped with a warning: "Not to be imported into the United States or Great Britain."Arthur Hoyle, "Remember Henry Miller? Censored Then, Forgotten Now," Huffington Post, May 14, 2014. He continued to write novels that were banned; along with Tropic of Cancer, his Black Spring (1936) and Tropic of Capricorn (1939) were smuggled into his native country, building Miller an underground reputation. While the aforementioned novels remained banned in the US for over two decades, in 1939, New Directions published The Cosmological Eye, Miller's first book to be published in America. The collection contained short prose pieces, most of which originally appeared in Black Spring and Max and the White Phagocytes (1938).Arthur Hoyle, The Unknown Henry Miller: A Seeker in Big Sur, New York: Arcade Publishing, 2014, pp. 23, 38-39.Miller lived in France until June 1939.Henry Miller, Big Sur and the Oranges of Hieronymus Bosch, New York: New Directions, 1957, pp. 1–2.

Greece, 1939–40

In 1939 Durrell, who lived in Corfu, invited Miller to Greece. Miller described the visit in The Colossus of Maroussi (1941), which he considered his best book. One of the first acknowledgments of Henry Miller as a major modern writer was by George Orwell in his 1940 essay "Inside the Whale", where he wrote:Here in my opinion is the only imaginative prose-writer of the slightest value who has appeared among the English-speaking races for some years past. Even if that is objected to as an overstatement, it will probably be admitted that Miller is a writer out of the ordinary, worth more than a single glance; and after all, he is a completely negative, unconstructive, amoral writer, a mere Jonah, a passive acceptor of evil, a sort of Whitman among the corpses.Orwell, George "Inside the Whale" {{webarchive|url= |date=2005-08-02 }}, London: Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1940.

California, 1942–80

(File:Henry Miller Landscape Watercolor 1957.jpg|thumb|A 1957 watercolor by Miller.)In 1940, Miller returned to New York; after a year-long trip around the United States, a journey that would become material for The Air-Conditioned Nightmare, he moved to California in June 1942, initially residing just outside Hollywood in Beverly Glen, before settling in Big Sur in 1944. While Miller was establishing his base in Big Sur, the Tropic books, then still banned in the USA,For details re the ban in the United States, see e.g., Tropic of Cancer (novel)#Legal issues. were being published in France by the Obelisk Press and later the Olympia Press. There they were acquiring a slow and steady notoriety among both Europeans and the various enclaves of American cultural exiles. As a result, the books were frequently smuggled into the States, where they proved to be a major influence on the new Beat Generation of American writers, most notably Jack Kerouac, the only Beat writer Miller truly cared for.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, pp. 286-87. By the time his banned books were published in the 1960s and he was becoming increasingly well-known, Miller was no longer interested in his image as an outlaw writer of smut-filled books; however, he eventually gave up fighting the image.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, p. 279.In 1942, shortly before moving to California, Miller began writing Sexus, the first novel in The Rosy Crucifixion trilogy, a fictionalized account documenting the six-year period of his life in Brooklyn falling in love with June and struggling to become a writer.Ferguson, Henry Miller: A Life, p. 295. Like several of his other works, the trilogy, completed in 1959, was initially banned in the United States, published only in France and Japan.Frank Getlein, "Henry Miller's Crowded Simple Life," Milwaukee Journal, June 9, 1957. In other works written during his time in California, Miller was widely critical of consumerism in America, as reflected in Sunday After the War (1944) and The Air-Conditioned Nightmare (1945). His Big Sur and the Oranges of Hieronymus Bosch, published in 1957, is a collection of stories about his life and friends in Big Sur.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, pp. 263-64.(File:Aankomst op Schiphol van de Amerkaanse schrijver Henry F. Miller, Bestanddeelnr 910-3816.jpg|thumb|Miller (1959))In 1944, Miller met and married his third wife, Janina Martha Lepska, a philosophy student who was 30 years his junior. They had two children: a son, Tony, and a daughter, Valentine.Barbara Kraft, "Hanging in LA with Anaïs Nin (and Henry Miller)," LA Observed, January 24, 2012. They divorced in 1952. The following year, he married artist Eve McClure, who was 37 years his junior. They divorced in 1960, and she died in 1966, likely as a result of alcoholism.Ferguson, Henry Miller: A Life, p. 356. In 1961, Miller arranged a reunion in New York with his ex-wife and main subject of The Rosy Crucifixion trilogy, June. They hadn't seen each other in nearly three decades. In a letter to Eve, he described his shock at June's "terrible" appearance, as she had by then degenerated both physically and mentally.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, p. 280.In 1959, Miller wrote a short story which he called his "most singular story". It is truly a work of fiction entitled "The Smile at the Foot of the Ladder".In February 1963, Miller moved to 444 Ocampo Drive, Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles, California, where he would spend the last 17 years of his life.Ferguson, Henry Miller: A Life, p. 351. In 1967, Miller married his fifth wife, Japanese born singer Hoki Tokuda ((:ja:ホキ徳田)).Carolyn Kellogg, "Henry Miller's last wife, Hoki Tokuda, remembers him, um, fondly?", Los Angeles Times, February 23, 2011.John M. Glionna, "A story only Henry Miller could love", Los Angeles Times, February 22, 2011. In 1968, Miller signed the "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest" pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War."Writers and Editors War Tax Protest," New York Post, January 30, 1968. After his move to Ocampo Drive, he held dinner parties for the artistic and literary figures of the time. His cook and caretaker was a young artist's model named Twinka Thiebaud who later wrote a book about his evening chats.Thiebaud, Twinka. Reflections: Henry Miller. Santa Barbara, CA: Capra Press, 1981. {{ISBN|0-88496-166-4}} Thiebaud's memories of Miller's table talk were published in a rewritten and retitled book in 2011.Thiebaud, Twinka. What Doncha Know? about Henry Miller. Belvedere, CA: Eio Books, 2011. {{ISBN|978-0-9759255-2-2}}Only 200 copies of Miller's 1972 chapbook On Turning Eighty were published. Published by Capra Press, in collaboration with Yes! Press, it was the first volume of the "Yes! Capra" chapbook series and is 34 pages in length.BOOK, Henry Miller, On turning eighty ; Journey to an antique land ; foreword to The angel is my watermark,weblink 1972, Capra Press, 978-0-912264-43-1, The book contains three essays on topics such as aging and living a meaningful life. In relation to reaching 80 years of age, Miller explains:If at eighty you're not a cripple or an invalid, if you have your health, if you still enjoy a good walk, a good meal (with all the trimmings), if you can sleep without first taking a pill, if birds and flowers, mountains and sea still inspire you, you are a most fortunate individual and you should get down on your knees morning and night and thank the good Lord for his savin' and keepin' power.WEB, Shane Parrish, Henry Miller on Turning 80, Fighting Evil, And Why Life is the Best Teacher,weblink Farnham Street Blog, 17 August 2014, 11 August 2014, Miller and Tokuda divorced in 1977. Then in his late 80s, Miller filmed with Warren Beatty for the 1981 film Reds, which was also directed by Beatty. He spoke of his remembrances of John Reed and Louise Bryant as part of a series of "witnesses". The film was released eighteen months after Miller's death.Vincent Canby, "Beatty's 'Reds,' With Diane Keaton," New York Times, December 4, 1981. During the last four years of his life, Miller held an ongoing correspondence of over 1,500 letters with Brenda Venus, a young Playboy model and columnist, actress and dancer. A book about their correspondence was published in 1986.Dear, Dear Brenda: The Love Letters of Henry Miller to Brenda Venus. New York: Morrow, 1986. {{ISBN|0-688-02816-0}}


Miller died of circulatory complications at his home in Pacific Palisades on June 7, 1980, at the age of 88.Alden Whitman, "Henry Miller, 88, Dies in California," The New York Times, June 9, 1980. His body was cremated and his ashes shared between his son Tony and daughter Val. Tony has stated that he ultimately intends to have his ashes mixed with those of his father and scattered in Big Sur."Playing Ping Pong With Henry Miller," BBC Radio 4, July 25, 2013.

US publication of previously banned works

The publication of Miller's Tropic of Cancer in the United States in 1961 by Grove Press led to a series of obscenity trials that tested American laws on pornography. The U.S. Supreme Court, in Grove Press, Inc., v. Gerstein, citing Jacobellis v. Ohio (which was decided the same day in 1964), overruled the state court findings of obscenity and declared the book a work of literature; it was one of the notable events in what has come to be known as the sexual revolution. Elmer Gertz, the lawyer who successfully argued the initial case for the novel's publication in Illinois, became a lifelong friend of Miller's; a volume of their correspondence has been published.BOOK, Gertz, Elmer, and Felice Flanery Lewis, Henry Miller: Years of Trial & Triumph, 1962–1964: The Correspondence of Henry Miller and Elmer Gertz, Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale, 1978, 0-8093-0860-6, Following the trial, in 1964–65, other books of Miller's which had also been banned in the US were published by Grove Press: Black Spring, Tropic of Capricorn, Quiet Days in Clichy, Sexus, Plexus and Nexus.Henry Miller, Preface to Big Sur and the Oranges of Hieronymus Bosch, New York: New Directions, 1957, p. ix. Excerpts from some of these banned books, including Tropic of Cancer, Black Spring and Sexus, were first published in the US by New Directions in The Henry Miller Reader in 1959.Harry T. Moore, "Hard-Boiled Eloquence," New York Times, December 20, 1959.Henry Miller, "Author's Preface," The Henry Miller Reader, New York: New Directions, 1959, p. xv.


In addition to his literary abilities, Miller produced numerous watercolor paintings and wrote books on this field. He was a close friend of the French painter Grégoire Michonze. It is estimated that Miller painted 2,000 watercolors during his life, and that 50 or more major collections of Miller's paintings exist.WEB, Coast Publishing, Henry Miller: The Centennial Print Collection,weblink 2011-09-29, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 2011-03-23, The Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin holds a selection of Miller's watercolors,WEB, Henry Miller: An Inventory of His Art Collection at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center,weblink 2011-09-29, as did the Henry Miller Museum of Art in Ōmachi City in Nagano, Japan, before closing in 2001.NEWS, Henry Miller Art Museum to Close,weblink Japan Times, August 31, 2001, September 26, 2011, Miller's daughter Valentine placed some of her father's art for sale in 2005.WEB, Miller, Valentine, Henry Miller: A Personal Collection, 2005,weblink 2011-09-29, He was also an amateur pianist.Dearborn, The Happiest Man Alive, p. 291.

Literary archives

Miller's papers can be found in the following library special collections: Miller's friend Emil White founded the nonprofit Henry Miller Memorial Library in Big Sur in 1981.WEB, About the Henry Miller Library,weblink 2011-09-29, This houses a collection of his works and celebrates his literary, artistic and cultural legacy by providing a public gallery as well as performance and workshop spaces for artists, musicians, students, and writers.

Literary references

Miller is considered a "literary innovator" in whose works "actual and imagined experiences became indistinguishable from each other."NEWS, Miller's Tale: Henry Hits 100, Sipper, Ralph B.,weblink Los Angeles Times, January 6, 1991, September 26, 2011, His books did much to free the discussion of sexual subjects in American writing from both legal and social restrictions. He influenced many writers, including Jack Kerouac, Norman Mailer, Philip Roth, Cormac McCarthy, Paul Theroux and Erica Jong.Throughout his novels he makes references to literature; he cites Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Joris-Karl Huysmans, Balzac and Nietzsche as having a formative impact on him.WEB, Tropic of Cancer Allusions, Shmoop,weblink Tropic of Cancer is referenced in Junot Díaz's 2007 book The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao as being read by Ana Obregón. Miller's legal difficulties, Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn are mentioned in Denis Johnson's 2007 novel Tree of Smoke, in a conversation between Skip Sands and his uncle, Colonel Sands. Miller is mentioned again later in the novel.Denis Johnson, Tree of Smoke, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, pp. 386, 415.



Miller as himself

Miller appeared as himself in several films:{{IMDb name|0588469|Henry Miller}}
  • He was the subject of four documentary films by Robert Snyder; The Henry Miller Odyssey (90 minutes), Henry Miller: Reflections On Writing (47 minutes), and Henry Miller Reads and Muses (60 minutes). In addition, there is a film by Snyder that was completed after Snyder's death in 2004 about Miller's watercolor paintings, Henry Miller: To Paint Is To Love Again (60 minutes). All four films are in Miller's own words.
  • He was a "witness" (interviewee) in Warren Beatty's 1981 film Reds."Reds" by Steinberg, Jay S. Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved May 15, 2013
  • He was featured in the 1996 documentary Henry Miller Is Not Dead that featured music by Laurie Anderson.WEB,weblink Henry Miller Is Not Dead, September 26, 2011, Moving Images Distribution Society,

Actors portraying Miller

Several actors played Miller on film, such as:



Further reading

  • Rejaunier, Jeanne. My Sundays With Henry Miller: A Memoir, Scotts Valley, California: CreateSpace, 2013. {{ISBN|978-1492195726}}
  • Rexroth, Kenneth. "The Reality of Henry Miller" and "Henry Miller: The Iconoclast as Everyman’s Friend" (1955–1962 essays)
  • Durrell, Lawrence, editor. The Henry Miller Reader, New York: New Directions Publishing, 1959. {{ISBN|0-8112-0111-2}}
  • Widmer, Kingsley. Henry Miller, New York: Twayne, 1963.
    • Revised edition, Boston: Twayne, 1990. {{ISBN|0-8057-7607-9}}
  • Wickes, George, and Harry Thornton Moore. Henry Miller and the Critics, Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1963.
  • Wickes, George. Henry Miller, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1966.
  • Gordon, William A. The Mind and Art of Henry Miller, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1967.
  • Dick, Kenneth C. Henry Miller: Colossus of One, Holland: Alberts, 1967.
  • Brassaï. Henry Miller: The Paris Years, New York: Arcade Publishing, 1975. {{ISBN|978-1-61145-028-6}}
  • Mailer, Norman. Genius and Lust: a Journey Through the Major Writings of Henry Miller, New York: Grove Press, 1976. {{ISBN|0-8021-0127-5}}
  • Martin, Jay. Always Merry and Bright: The Life of Henry Miller, Santa Barbara, CA: Capra Press, 1978. {{ISBN|0-88496-082-X}}
  • Kraft, Barbara. A Conversation with Henry Miller, Michigan: Michigan Quarterly Review, Published at The University of Michigan, 1981.
  • Kraft, Barbara. An Open Letter to Henry Miller, Paris, France: Handshake Editions, 1982.
  • Young, Noel, editor. The Paintings of Henry Miller: Paint as You Like and Die Happy, Santa Barbara, CA: Capra Press, 1982. {{ISBN|0-87701-280-6}}
  • Nin, Anaïs. (Henry and June|Henry and June: From the Unexpurgated Diary of Anaïs Nin), Orlando: Harcourt Brace, 1986. {{ISBN|978-0-15-140003-4}}
  • Winslow, Kathryn. Henry Miller: Full of Life, Los Angeles: J. P. Tarcher, 1986. {{ISBN|0-87477-404-7}}
  • Brown, J. D. Henry Miller, New York: Ungar, 1986. {{ISBN|0-8044-2077-7}}
  • Stuhlmann, Gunther, editor. A Literate Passion: Letters of Anaïs Nin and Henry Miller, 1932–1953, San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1987. {{ISBN|0-15-152729-6}}
  • Ibarguen, Raoul R. Narrative Detours: Henry Miller and the Rise of New Critical Modernism, excerpts from Ph.D. thesis, 1989.
  • Dearborn, Mary V. The Happiest Man Alive: A Biography of Henry Miller, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991. {{ISBN|0-671-67704-7}}
  • Ferguson, Robert. Henry Miller: A Life, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1991. {{ISBN|0-393-02978-6}}
  • Kraft, Barbara. Last Days of Henry Miller, New York: Hudson Review, 1993.
  • Jong, Erica. The Devil at Large: Erica Jong on Henry Miller, New York: Turtle Bay Books, 1993. {{ISBN|0-394-58498-8}}
  • Fitzpatrick, Elayne Wareing. Doing It With the Cosmos: Henry Miller's Big Sur Struggle for Love Beyond Sex, Philadelphia: Xlibris, 2001. {{ISBN|1-4010-1048-2}}{{Self-published inline|certain=yes|date=December 2017}}
  • Brassaï. Henry Miller, Happy Rock, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002. {{ISBN|0-226-07139-1}}
  • Masuga, Katy. Henry Miller and How He Got That Way, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2011. {{ISBN|978-0-7486-4118-5}}
  • Masuga, Katy. The Secret Violence of Henry Miller, Rochester, NY: Camden House Publishing, 2011. {{ISBN|978-1-57113-484-4}}
  • Turner, Frederick. Renegade: Henry Miller and the Making of Tropic of Cancer, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011. {{ISBN|978-0-300-14949-4}}
  • Kraft, Barbara. "Henry Miller: The Last Days", Huffington Post, 2013.
  • Männiste, Indrek. Henry Miller: The Inhuman Artist: A Philosophical Inquiry, New York: Bloomsbury, 2013. {{ISBN|978-1-62356-108-6}}
  • Hoyle, Arthur. The Unknown Henry Miller: A Seeker in Big Sur, New York: Arcade Publishing, 2014. {{ISBN|978-1-61145-899-2}}
  • Kraft, Barbara. Henry Miller: The Last Days, San Antonio, TX: Sky Blue Press, 2016. {{ISBN|978-0988917088}}

External links

{{Library resources box|by=yes| viaf=59086729}} Multimedia {{Henry Miller}}{{Authority control}}

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