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The New Yorker
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{{short description|Magazine on politics, social issues, art, humor, and culture, based in New York City}}{{Other uses|New Yorker (disambiguation)}}{{distinguish|New York (magazine)}}{{Use mdy dates|date=January 2019}}{{Use American English|date=April 2018}}







factoids
HTTPS://WWW.NEWYORKER.COM/MAGAZINE/2017/03/06WEBSITE=THE NEW YORKERACCESS-DATE=MARCH 12, 2018, }}|company = Advance Publications|publisher = Condé Nast|frequency = 47 per year7+7/810+3/4mmWEBSITE=CONDENAST.COMARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20141021083432/HTTP://WWW.CONDENAST.COM/BRANDS/NEW-YORKER/MEDIA-KIT/PRINT/AD-SPECIFICATIONS, October 21, 2014, |paid_circulation =|unpaid_circulation =DATE= JUNE 30, 2018 ALLIANCE FOR AUDITED MEDIA>ACCESSDATE=JANUARY 4, 2019, |circulation_year= June 2018|category = Politics, social issues, art, humor, culture|editor = David RemnickNew York City, New York (state)>New York, USnewyorker.com|NewYorker.com}}|issn = 0028-792X|oclc = 320541675}}The New Yorker is an American magazine featuring journalism, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry. Started as a weekly in 1925, the magazine is now published 47 times annually, with five of these issues covering two-week spans. Although its reviews and events listings often focus on the cultural life of New York City, The New Yorker has a wide audience outside New York and is read internationally. It is well known for its illustrated and often topical covers,WEB, Temple, Emily, 20 Iconic New Yorker Covers from the Last 93 Years,weblink Literary Hub, February 23, 2018, its commentaries on popular culture and eccentric Americana, its attention to modern fiction by the inclusion of short stories and literary reviews, its rigorous fact checking and copy editing,WEB, Norris, Mary, Mary Norris (copy editor), How I proofread my way to Philip Roth's heart,weblink The Guardian, July 12, 2018, en, May 10, 2015, It has been more than 20 years since I became a page OK'er—a position that exists only at the New Yorker, where you query-proofread pieces and manage them, with the editor, the author, a fact-checker, and a second proofreader, until they go to press., WEB, Mary Norris: The nit-picking glory of the New Yorker's comma queen,weblink TED (conference), TED, July 12, 2018, Copy editing for The New Yorker is like playing shortstop for a major league baseball team—every little movement gets picked over by the critics [...] E. B. White once wrote of commas in The New Yorker: 'They fall with the precision of knives outlining a body.', its journalism on politics and social issues, and its single-panel cartoons sprinkled throughout each issue.

History

The New Yorker was founded by Harold Ross and his wife Jane Grant, a New York Times reporter, and debuted on February 21, 1925. Ross wanted to create a sophisticated humor magazine that would be different from perceivably "corny" humor publications such as Judge, where he had worked, or the old Life. Ross partnered with entrepreneur Raoul H. Fleischmann (who founded the General Baking CompanyNewyorker.com {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131107183533weblink |date=November 7, 2013 }}) to establish the F-R Publishing Company. The magazine's first offices were at 25 West 45th Street in Manhattan. Ross edited the magazine until his death in 1951. During the early, occasionally precarious years of its existence, the magazine prided itself on its cosmopolitan sophistication. Ross famously declared in a 1925 prospectus for the magazine: "It has announced that it is not edited for the old lady in Dubuque."Dubuque Journal; The Slight That Years, All 75, Can't Erase, Dirk Johnson, The New York Times, August 5, 1999.Although the magazine never lost its touches of humor, it soon established itself as a pre-eminent forum for serious fiction, essays and journalism. Shortly after the end of World War II, John Hersey's essay Hiroshima filled an entire issue. In subsequent decades the magazine published short stories by many of the most respected writers of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, including Ann Beattie, Sally Benson, Truman Capote, John Cheever, Roald Dahl, Mavis Gallant, Geoffrey Hellman, Ruth McKenney, John McNulty, Joseph Mitchell, Alice Munro, Haruki Murakami, Vladimir Nabokov, John O'Hara, Dorothy Parker, Philip Roth, J. D. Salinger, Irwin Shaw, James Thurber, John Updike, Eudora Welty, Stephen King, and E. B. White. Publication of Shirley Jackson's "The Lottery" drew more mail than any other story in the magazine's history.WEB, 'The Lottery' Letters,weblink Franklin, Ruth, June 25, 2013, www.newyorker.com, Condé Nast, June 11, 2018, In its early decades, the magazine sometimes published two or even three short stories a week, but in recent years the pace has remained steady at one story per issue. While some styles and themes recur more often than others in its fiction, the stories are marked less by uniformity than by variety, and they have ranged from Updike's introspective domestic narratives to the surrealism of Donald Barthelme, and from parochial accounts of the lives of neurotic New Yorkers to stories set in a wide range of locations and eras and translated from many languages.{{Citation needed|date=May 2011}} Kurt Vonnegut said that The New Yorker has been an effective instrument for getting a large audience to appreciate modern literature. Vonnegut's 1974 interview with Joe David Bellamy and John Casey contained a discussion of The New Yorker{{'}}s influence:}}The non-fiction feature articles (which usually make up the bulk of the magazine's content) cover an eclectic array of topics. Recent{{when|date= June 2018}} subjects have included eccentric evangelist Creflo Dollar, the different ways in which humans perceive the passage of time, and Münchausen syndrome by proxy.The magazine is notable for its editorial traditions. Under the rubric Profiles, it publishes articles about notable people such as Ernest Hemingway, Henry R. Luce and Marlon Brando, Hollywood restaurateur Michael Romanoff, magician Ricky Jay and mathematicians David and Gregory Chudnovsky. Other enduring features have been "Goings on About Town", a listing of cultural and entertainment events in New York, and "The Talk of the Town", a miscellany of brief pieces—frequently humorous, whimsical or eccentric vignettes of life in New York—written in a breezily light style, or feuilleton, although in recent years the section often begins with a serious commentary. For many years, newspaper snippets containing amusing errors, unintended meanings or badly mixed metaphors ("Block That Metaphor") have been used as filler items, accompanied by a witty retort. There is no masthead listing the editors and staff. Despite some changes, the magazine has kept much of its traditional appearance over the decades in typography, layout, covers and artwork. The magazine was acquired by Advance Publications, the media company owned by Samuel Irving Newhouse Jr, in 1985,NEWS,weblink Easley, Greg, Spy (magazine), Spy, The New Yorker: When a Magazine Wins Awards But Loses Money, the Only Success is the Editor's Private One, October 1995, July 31, 2015, for $200 million when it was earning less than $6 million a year.NEWS,weblink S.I. Newhouse and Conde Nast; Taking Off The White Gloves, Mahon, Gigi, September 10, 1989, Ross was succeeded as editor by William Shawn (1951–87), followed by Robert Gottlieb (1987–92) and Tina Brown (1992–98). Among the important nonfiction authors who began writing for the magazine during Shawn's editorship were Dwight Macdonald, Kenneth Tynan, and Hannah Arendt; to a certain extent all three authors were controversial, Arendt the most obviously so{{according to whom|date= June 2018}} (her Eichmann in Jerusalem reportage appeared in the magazine before it was published as a book), but in each case Shawn proved an active champion.Brown's nearly six-year tenure attracted more controversy than Gottlieb's or even Shawn's, thanks to her high profile (Shawn, by contrast, had been an extremely shy, introverted figure) and the changes which she made to a magazine that had retained a similar look and feel for the previous half-century. She introduced color to the editorial pages (several years before The New York Times) and photography, with less type on each page and a generally more modern layout. More substantively, she increased the coverage of current events and hot topics such as celebrities and business tycoons, and placed short pieces throughout "Goings on About Town", including a racy column about nightlife in Manhattan. A new letters-to-the-editor page and the addition of authors' bylines to their "Talk of the Town" pieces had the effect of making the magazine more personal. The current editor of The New Yorker is David Remnick, who succeeded Brown in July 1998.NEWS, Harper, Jennifer, July 13, 1998, New Yorker Magazine Names New Editor,weblinkweblink yes, October 10, 2017, The Washington Times, Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News, December 22, 2016, {{Subscription required|via=HighBeam Research}}Tom Wolfe wrote about the magazine: "The New Yorker style was one of leisurely meandering understatement, droll when in the humorous mode, tautological and litotical when in the serious mode, constantly amplified, qualified, adumbrated upon, nuanced and renuanced, until the magazine's pale-gray pages became High Baroque triumphs of the relative clause and appository modifier".Tom Wolfe, "Foreword: Murderous Gutter Journalism," in Hooking Up. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 2000.Joseph Rosenblum, reviewing Ben Yagoda's About Town, a history of the magazine from 1925 to 1985, wrote, "...{{nbsp}}The New Yorker did create its own universe. As one longtime reader wrote to Yagoda, this was a place 'where Peter DeVries ...{{sic}} was forever lifting a glass of Piesporter, where Niccolò Tucci (in a plum velvet dinner jacket) flirted in Italian with Muriel Spark, where Nabokov sipped tawny port from a prismatic goblet (while a Red Admirable perched on his pinky), and where John Updike tripped over the master's Swiss shoes, excusing himself charmingly{{' "}}.BOOK, Rosenblum, Joseph, About Town, Wilson, John D., Steven G. Kellman, Magill's Literary Annual 2001: Essay-Reviews of 200 Outstanding Books Published in the United States During 2000, Pasadena, Calif., Salem Press, 2001, 5, 0-89356-275-0, As far back as the 1940s, the magazine's commitment to fact-checking was already well-known.BOOK, About Town: The New Yorker and the World It Made, Ben, Yagoda, Da Capo Press, 2001, 978-0-306-81023-7, 202–3, However, the magazine played a role in a literary scandal and defamation lawsuit over two articles written by Janet Malcolm in the 1990s, who wrote about Sigmund Freud's legacy. Questions were raised about the magazine's fact-checking process.Carmody, Deidre. "Despite Malcolm Trial, Editors Elsewhere Vouch for Accuracy of Their Work." The New York Times. May 30, 1993. As of 2010, The New Yorker employs sixteen fact checkers.Craig Silverman: Inside the World's Largest Fact Checking Operation. A conversation with two staffers at Der Spiegel Columbia Journalism Review, April 9, 2010. In July 2011, the magazine was sued for defamation in United States district court for an article written by David Grann on July 12, 2010,Julia Filip, "Art Analyst Sues The New Yorker" Courthouse News Service (July 1, 2011).Dylan Byers, "Forensic Art Expert Sues New Yorker – Author Wants $2 million for defamation over David Grann piece", Adweek, June 30, 2011. but the case was summarily dismissed.11 Civ. 4442 (JPO) Peter Paul Biro v. ... David Grann ..., United States District Court – Southern District of New YorkNEWS,weblink Art Authenticator Loses Defamation Suit Against the New Yorker, Albert, Samaha, Village Voice blog, August 5, 2013, Since the late 1990s, The New Yorker has used the Internet to publish current and archived material, and maintains a website with some content from the current issue (plus exclusive web-only content). Subscribers have access to the full current issue online, as well as a complete archive of back issues viewable as they were originally printed. In addition, The New Yorker{{'}}s cartoons are available for purchase online. A digital archive of back issues from 1925 to April 2008 (representing more than 4,000 issues and half a million pages) has also been issued on DVD-ROMs and on a small portable hard drive. More recently, an iPad version of the current issue of the magazine has been released.In its issue dated November 1, 2004, the magazine endorsed a presidential candidate for the first time, choosing to endorse Democrat John Kerry over incumbent Republican George W. Bush.WEB,weblink The Choice, This was continued in 2008, when the magazine endorsed Barack Obama over John McCain,WEB,weblink The Choice, in 2012, when it endorsed Obama over Mitt Romney,"The Talk of the Town" (October 29 and November 5, 2012). and in 2016, when it endorsed Hillary Clinton over Donald Trump.WEB,weblink The New Yorker Endorses Hillary Clinton, The New Yorker, November 17, 2016,

Influence

The New Yorker influenced a number of similar magazines, including The Brooklynite (1926 to 1930), The Chicagoan (1926 to 1935), and Paris's The Boulevardier (1927 to 1932).BOOK,weblink Defining New Yorker Humor, Lee, Judith Yaross, 2000, Univ. Press of Mississippi, 9781578061983, en, NEWS,weblink A New Yorker for Brooklynites, Overbey, Erin, January 31, 2013, January 27, 2019, en, 0028-792X, WEB,weblink ERSKINE GWYNNE, 49, WROTE BOOK ON PARIS, May 6, 1948, timesmachine.nytimes.com, en, January 27, 2019,

Cartoons

The New Yorker has featured cartoons (usually gag cartoons) since it began publication in 1925. The cartoon editor of The New Yorker for years was Lee Lorenz, who first began cartooning in 1956 and became a New Yorker contract contributor in 1958.WEB,weblink Lee Lorenz, The New Yorker, July 31, 2015, After serving as the magazine's art editor from 1973 to 1993 (when he was replaced by Françoise Mouly), he continued in the position of cartoon editor until 1998. His book The Art of the New Yorker: 1925–1995 (Knopf, 1995) was the first comprehensive survey of all aspects of the magazine's graphics. In 1998, Robert Mankoff took over as cartoon editor and edited at least 14 collections of New Yorker cartoons. In addition, Mankoff usually contributed a short article to each book, describing some aspect of the cartooning process or the methods used to select cartoons for the magazine. Mankoff left the magazine in 2017.Cavna, Michael. "Bob Mankoff named humor editor for Esquire one day after exiting the New Yorker," Washington Post (May 1, 2017).The New Yorker{{'}}s stable of cartoonists has included many important talents in American humor, including Charles Addams, Peter Arno, Charles Barsotti, George Booth, Roz Chast, Tom Cheney, Sam Cobean, Leo Cullum, Richard Decker, Pia Guerra, J. B. Handelsman, Helen E. Hokinson, Ed Koren, Reginald Marsh, Mary Petty, George Price, Charles Saxon, David Snell, Otto Soglow, Saul Steinberg, William Steig, James Stevenson, Richard Taylor, James Thurber, Pete Holmes, Barney Tobey, and Gahan Wilson.Many early New Yorker cartoonists did not caption their own cartoons. In his book The Years with Ross, Thurber describes the newspaper's weekly art meeting, where cartoons submitted over the previous week would be brought up from the mail room to be gone over by Ross, the editorial department, and a number of staff writers. Cartoons often would be rejected or sent back to artists with requested amendments, while others would be accepted and captions written for them. Some artists hired their own writers; Helen Hokinson hired James Reid Parker in 1931. (Brendan Gill relates in his book Here at The New Yorker that at one point in the early 1940s, the quality of the artwork submitted to the magazine seemed to improve. It later was found out that the office boy (a teen-aged Truman Capote) had been acting as a volunteer art editor, dropping pieces he didn't like down the far edge of his desk.)Gill, Brendan. Here at The New Yorker. New York: Berkley Medallion Press, 1976. p. 341.Several of the magazine's cartoons have climbed to a higher plateau of fame. One 1928 cartoon drawn by Carl Rose and captioned by E. B. White shows a mother telling her daughter, "It's broccoli, dear." The daughter responds, "I say it's spinach and I say the hell with it." The phrase "I say it's spinach" entered the vernacular (and three years later, the Broadway musical Face the Music included Irving Berlin's musical number entitled "I Say It's Spinach (And the Hell with It)").Gill (1976), p. 220. The catchphrase "(wikt:back to the drawing board|back to the drawing board)" originated with the 1941 Peter Arno cartoon showing an engineer walking away from a crashed plane, saying, "Well, back to the old drawing board."WEB,weblink Michael Maslin – Finding Arno, WEB,weblink CBR.com – The World's Top Destination For Comic, Movie & TV news, The most reprinted is Peter Steiner's 1993 drawing of two dogs at a computer, with one saying, "On the Internet, nobody knows you're a dog". According to Mankoff, Steiner and the magazine have split more than $100,000 in fees paid for the licensing and reprinting of this single cartoon, with more than half going to Steiner.NEWS,weblink Cartoon Captures Spirit of the Internet, Glenn, Fleishman, The New York Times, December 14, 2000, October 1, 2007,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090416205920weblink">weblink April 16, 2009, Peter Steiner's "On the Internet, nobody knows you're a dog."Over seven decades, many hardcover compilations of cartoons from The New Yorker have been published, and in 2004, Mankoff edited The Complete Cartoons of The New Yorker, a 656-page collection with 2004 of the magazine's best cartoons published during 80 years, plus a double CD set with all 68,647 cartoons ever published in the magazine. This features a search function allowing readers to search for cartoons by a cartoonist's name or by year of publication. The newer group of cartoonists in recent years includes Pat Byrnes, Frank Cotham, Michael Crawford, Joe Dator, Drew Dernavich, J. C. Duffy, Carolita Johnson, Zachary Kanin, Farley Katz, Robert Leighton, Glen Le Lievre, Michael Maslin, Ariel Molvig, Paul Noth, Barbara Smaller, David Sipress, Mick Stevens, Julia Suits, Christopher Weyant, P. C. Vey, and Jack Ziegler. The notion that some New Yorker cartoons have punchlines so non sequitur that they are impossible to understand became a subplot in the Seinfeld episode "The Cartoon", as well as a playful jab in an episode of The Simpsons, "The Sweetest Apu".In April 2005, the magazine began using the last page of each issue for "The New Yorker Cartoon Caption Contest". Captionless cartoons by The New Yorker{{'}}s regular cartoonists are printed each week. Captions are submitted by readers, and three are chosen as finalists. Readers then vote on the winner. Anyone age thirteen or older can enter or vote.WEB, Caption Contest Rules,weblink The New Yorker, July 12, 2018, Each contest winner receives a print of the cartoon (with the winning caption), signed by the artist who drew the cartoon.

Films

The New Yorker has been the source of a number of movies. Both fiction and non-fiction pieces have been adapted for the big screen, including Flash of Genius (2008), based on a true account of the invention of the intermittent windshield wiper by John Seabrook; Away From Her, adapted from Alice Munro's short story "The Bear Came over the Mountain", which debuted at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival; The Namesake (2007), similarly based on Jhumpa Lahiri's novel, which originated as a short story in the magazine; The Bridge (2006), based on Tad Friend's 2003 non-fiction piece "Jumpers"; Brokeback Mountain (2005), an adaptation of the short story by Annie Proulx that first appeared in the October 13, 1997, issue of The New Yorker; Jonathan Safran Foer's 2001 debut in The New Yorker, which later came to theaters in Liev Schreiber's debut as both screenwriter and director, Everything Is Illuminated (2005); Michael Cunningham's The Hours, which appeared in the pages of The New Yorker before becoming the film that garnered the 2002 Best Actress Academy Award for Nicole Kidman; Adaptation (2002), which Charlie Kaufman based on Susan Orlean's The Orchid Thief, written for The New Yorker; Frank McCourt's Angela's Ashes, which also appeared, in part, in The New Yorker in 1996 before its film adaptation was released in 1999; The Addams Family (1991) and its sequel, Addams Family Values (1993), both inspired by the work of famed New Yorker cartoonist Charles Addams; Brian De Palma's Casualties of War (1989), which began as a New Yorker article by Daniel Lang; Boys Don't Cry (1999), starring Hilary Swank, began as an article in the magazine, and Iris (2001), about the life of Iris Murdoch and John Bayley, the article written by John Bayley for The New Yorker, before he completed his full memoir, the film starring Judi Dench and Jim Broadbent; The Swimmer (1968), starring Burt Lancaster, based on a John Cheever short story from The New Yorker; In Cold Blood (1967), the widely nominated adaptation of the 1965 non-fiction serial written for The New Yorker by Truman Capote; Pal Joey (1957), based on a series of stories by John O'Hara; Mister 880 (1950), starring Edmund Gwenn, based on a story by longtime editor St. Clair McKelway; The Secret Life of Walter Mitty (1947), which began as a story by longtime New Yorker contributor James Thurber; and Junior Miss (1941) and Meet Me in St. Louis (1944), both adapted from Sally Benson's short stories.The history of The New Yorker has also been portrayed in film: In Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle, a film about the celebrated Algonquin Round Table starring Jennifer Jason Leigh as Dorothy Parker, Sam Robards portrays founding editor Harold Ross trying to drum up support for his fledgling publication. The magazine's former editor, William Shawn, is portrayed in Capote (2005), Infamous (2006) and Hannah Arendt (2012).The 2015 documentary Very Semi-Serious, produced by Redora Films, presents a behind-the-scenes look at the cartoons of The New Yorker.

Style

The New Yorker{{'}}s signature display typeface, used for its nameplate and headlines and the masthead above The Talk of the Town section, is Irvin, named after its creator, the designer-illustrator Rea Irvin.Consuegra, David. American Type Design and Designers. New York: Allworth Press, 2004. {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150908114825weblink |date=September 8, 2015 }} The body text of all articles in The New Yorker is set in Adobe Caslon.JOURNAL, Gopnik, Adam, Postscript, The New Yorker, February 9, 2009, 35, One uncommonly formal feature of the magazine's in-house style is the placement of diaeresis marks in words with repeating vowels—such as reëlected, preëminent, and coöperate—in which the two vowel letters indicate separate vowel sounds.WEB, Norris, Mary, The Curse of the Diaeresis,weblink The New Yorker, April 18, 2014, The magazine also continues to use a few spellings that are otherwise little used, such as focussed, venders, teen-ager,WEB, Stillman, Sarah, The Throwaways,weblink The New Yorker, April 18, 2014, traveller, marvellous, carrousel,WEB, Norris, Mary, The Double L,weblink The New Yorker, March 10, 2016, and cannister.WEB, Norris, Mary, In Defense of 'Nutty' Commas,weblink The New Yorker, March 10, 2016, The magazine also spells out the names of numerical amounts, such as "two million three hundred thousand dollars" instead of "$2.3 million", even for very large figures.WEB, Davidson, Amy, Hillary Clinton Says 'No',weblink The New Yorker, April 18, 2014,

Readership

Despite its title, The New Yorker is read nationwide, with 53 percent of its circulation in the top 10 U.S. metropolitan areas. According to Mediamark Research Inc., the average age of The New Yorker reader in 2009 was 47 (compared to 43 in 1980 and 46 in 1990). The average household income of The New Yorker readers in 2009 was $109,877 (the average income in 1980 was $62,788 and the average income in 1990 was $70,233).Census.gov. United States Census Bureau.{{dead link|date=June 2016|bot=medic}}{{cbignore|bot=medic}}{{Not in citation|date=April 2019}}According to Pew Research, 77 percent of The New Yorker's audience hold left-of-center political values, while 52 percent of those readers hold "consistently liberal" political values.NEWS,weblink Where New Yorker's Audience Fits on the Political Spectrum, October 21, 2014, Pew Research Center's Journalism Project, April 1, 2018, en-US,

Eustace Tilley

File:Alfred D’Orsay.png|thumb|upright=0.7|right|Image of Count d'Orsay, published by James Fraser.]]The magazine's first cover illustration, a dandy peering at a butterfly through a monocle, was drawn by Rea Irvin, the magazine's first art editor, based on an 1834 caricature of the then Count d'Orsay which appeared as an illustration in the 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica.WEB,weblink Eustace Tilley, March 29, 2010, The gentleman on the original cover, now referred to as "Eustace Tilley", is a character created by Corey Ford for The New Yorker. The hero of a series entitled "The Making of a Magazine", which began on the inside front cover of the August 8 issue that first summer, Tilley was a younger man than the figure on the original cover. His top hat was of a newer style, without the curved brim. He wore a morning coat and striped trousers. Ford borrowed Eustace Tilley's last name from an aunt—he had always found it vaguely humorous. "Eustace" was selected by Ford for euphony.BOOK, Kunkel, Thomas, Genius in Disguise, June 1996, Carroll & Graf Publishers, 512, The character has become a kind of mascot for The New Yorker, frequently appearing in its pages and on promotional materials. Traditionally, Rea Irvin's original Tilley cover illustration is used every year on the issue closest to the anniversary date of February 21, though on several occasions a newly drawn variation has been substituted.WEB, Mouly, Françoise,weblink Cover Story: Nine for Ninety, The New Yorker, February 16, 2015, July 31, 2015,

Covers

The magazine is well known for its illustrated and often topical covers.

"View of the World" cover

File:Steinberg New Yorker Cover.png|thumb|right|Saul SteinbergSaul SteinbergSaul Steinberg created 85 covers and 642 internal drawings and illustrations for the magazine. His most famous work is probably its March 29, 1976 cover,WEB,weblink The New Yorker Cover, View of the World from 9th Avenue – March 29, 1976 Poster Print by Saul Steinberg at the Condé Nast Collection, an illustration most often referred to as "View of the World from 9th Avenue", sometimes referred to as "A Parochial New Yorker's View of the World" or "A New Yorker's View of the World", which depicts a map of the world as seen by self-absorbed New Yorkers.The illustration is split in two, with the bottom half of the image showing Manhattan's 9th Avenue, 10th Avenue, and the Hudson River (appropriately labeled), and the top half depicting the rest of the world. The rest of the United States is the size of the three New York City blocks and is drawn as a square, with a thin brown strip along the Hudson representing "Jersey", the names of five cities (Los Angeles; Washington, D.C.; Las Vegas; Kansas City; and Chicago) and three states (Texas, Utah, and Nebraska) scattered among a few rocks for the United States beyond New Jersey. The Pacific Ocean, perhaps half again as wide as the Hudson, separates the United States from three flattened land masses labeled China, Japan and Russia.The illustration—humorously depicting New Yorkers' self-image of their place in the world, or perhaps outsiders' view of New Yorkers' self-image—inspired many similar works, including the poster for the 1984 film Moscow on the Hudson; that movie poster led to a lawsuit, Steinberg v. Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc., 663 F. Supp. 706 (S.D.N.Y. 1987), which held that Columbia Pictures violated the copyright that Steinberg held on his work.The cover was later satirized by Barry Blitt for the cover of The New Yorker on October 6, 2008. The cover featured Sarah Palin looking out of her window seeing only Alaska, with Russia in the far background.WEB,weblink New Yorker Cover – 10/6/2008 at The New Yorker Store, Newyorkerstore.com, October 6, 2008, October 15, 2010, The March 21, 2009 cover of The Economist, "How China sees the World", is also an homage to the original image, but depicting the viewpoint from Beijing's Chang'an Avenue instead of Manhattan.NEWS,weblink Issue Cover for March 21, 2009, Economist.com, March 21, 2009, August 26, 2012,

9/11

Hired by Tina Brown in 1992, Art Spiegelman worked for The New Yorker for ten years but resigned a few months after the September 11 terrorist attacks. The cover created by Françoise Mouly and Spiegelman for the September 24, 2001 issue of The New Yorker received wide acclaim and was voted in the top ten of magazine covers of the past 40 years by the American Society of Magazine Editors, which commented:At first glance, the cover appears to be totally black, but upon close examination it reveals the silhouettes of the World Trade Center towers in a slightly darker shade of black. In some situations, the ghost images become visible only when the magazine is tilted toward a light source.WEB,weblink ASME's Top 40 Magazine Covers of the Last 40 Years – ASME, In September 2004, Spiegelman reprised the image on the cover of his book In the Shadow of No Towers, in which he relates his experience of the Twin Towers attack and the psychological after-effects.

"New Yorkistan"

In the December 2001 issue the magazine printed a cover by Maira Kalman and Rick Meyerowitz showing a map of New York in which various neighborhoods were labeled with humorous names reminiscent of Middle Eastern and Central Asian place names and referencing the neighborhood's real name or characteristics (e.g., "Fuhgeddabouditstan", "Botoxia"). The cover had some cultural resonance in the wake of September 11, and became a popular print and poster.NEWS, The New Yorker uncovers an unexpected profit center – Ancillary Profits – by licensing cover illustrations, Folio: The Magazine for Magazine Management, February 2002, Highbeam.com,weblinkweblink yes, 2016-05-04, NEWS,weblink A Print by Any Other Name..., Daniel Grand, February 12, 2004, OpinionJournal,

Controversial covers

Crown Heights in 1993

For the 1993 Valentine's Day issue, the magazine cover by Art Spiegelman depicted a black woman and a Hasidic Jewish man kissing, referencing the Crown Heights riot of 1991.NEWS,weblink The Guardian, London, Drawing pains, August 28, 2004, May 25, 2010, James, Campbell, WEB, Chideya, Farai,weblink Cartoonist Speaks His Mind on Obama Cover: News & Views, NPR, July 15, 2008, October 15, 2010, The cover was criticized by both black and Jewish observers.BOOK, Shapiro, Edward S., Crown Heights: Blacks, Jews, and the 1991 Brooklyn Riot, UPNE, 2006, 211, Jack Salzman and Cornel West describe the reaction to the cover as the magazine's "first national controversy".BOOK, Jack Salzman, Cornel West, Struggles in the Promised Land: Towards a History of Black-Jewish Relations in the United States, Oxford University Press US, 1997, 373,weblink 978-0-19-508828-1, February 24, 2011,

2008 Obama cover satire and controversy

(File:New Yorker magazine Politics of Fear.png|thumb|right|Barry Blitt's cover from the July 21, 2008 issue of The New Yorker){{Wikinews|New Yorker's Obama cover sparks outrage}}"The Politics of Fear", a cartoon by Barry Blitt featured on the cover of the July 21, 2008 issue, depicts then presumptive Democratic presidential nominee Barack Obama in the turban and salwar kameez typical of many Muslims, fist bumping with his wife, Michelle, portrayed with an Afro and wearing camouflage trousers with an assault rifle slung over her back. They are standing in the Oval Office, with a portrait of Osama Bin Laden hanging on the wall and an American flag burning in the fireplace in the background.NEWS, The Associated Press, New Yorker cover stirs controversy, Canoe.ca,weblink July 14, 2008, yes,weblink" title="archive.today/20080731163939weblink">weblink July 31, 2008, Many New Yorker readers saw the image as a lampoon of "The Politics of Fear", as was its title. Some of Obama's supporters as well as his presumptive Republican opponent, Sen. John McCain, accused the magazine of publishing an incendiary cartoon whose irony could be lost on some readers. However, editor David Remnick felt the image's obvious excesses rebuffed the concern that it could be misunderstood, even by those unfamiliar with the magazine.WEB,weblink Was it satire?, The Hamilton Spectator, July 19, 2008, February 24, 2011, WEB,weblink Barack Obama New Yorker Cover Branded Tasteless, Marie Claire, July 15, 2008, February 24, 2011, "The intent of the cover", he said, "is to satirize the vicious and racist attacks and rumors and misconceptions about the Obamas that have been floating around in the blogosphere and are reflected in public opinion polls. What we set out to do was to throw all these images together, which are all over the top and to shine a kind of harsh light on them, to satirize them."WEB,weblink New Yorker Editor David Remnick Talks to ABC News About Cover Controversy, ABC News, Jake Tapper, July 14, 2008, February 24, 2011, In an interview on Larry King Live shortly after the magazine issue began circulating, Obama said, "Well, I know it was The New Yorker{{'}}s attempt at satire... I don't think they were entirely successful with it". But Obama also pointed to his own efforts to debunk the allegations portrayed in The New Yorker cover through a web site his campaign set up, stating that the allegations were "actually an insult against Muslim-Americans".WEB,weblink Democrats' bus heads South to sign up new voters, The Boston Globe, July 16, 2008, February 24, 2011, WEB,weblink Obama Camp Hammers New 'Ironic' New Yorker Cover Depicting Conspiracists' Nightmare of Real Obamas, ABC News, Jake Tapper, July 13, 2008, Political Punch, February 24, 2011, Later that week, The Daily Show{{'}}s Jon Stewart continued The New Yorker cover's argument about Obama stereotypes with a piece showcasing a montage of clips containing such stereotypes culled from various legitimate news sources."Obama Cartoon", The Daily Show, July 15, 2008. The New Yorker Obama cover was later parodied by Stewart and Stephen Colbert on the October 3, 2008, cover of Entertainment Weekly magazine, with Stewart as Obama and Colbert as Michelle, photographed for the magazine in New York City on September 18.WEB,weblink Entertainment Weekly October 3, 2008, Issue #1014 cover, Entertainment Weekly, Josh Wolk, September 30, 2008, February 24, 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090427075552weblink">weblink April 27, 2009, New Yorker covers are not always related to the contents of the magazine or are only tangentially so. In this case, the article in the July 21, 2008, issue about Obama did not discuss the attacks and rumors but rather Obama's political career. The magazine later endorsed Obama for president.This parody was most likely inspired by Fox News host E. D. Hill's paraphrasing of an anonymous internet comment in asking whether a gesture made by Obama and his wife Michelle was a "terrorist fist jab".WEB, Christopher, Beam,weblink The 'Terrorist Fist Jab' and Me, Slate (magazine), Slate, July 14, 2008, January 23, 2010, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20091227041719weblink">weblink December 27, 2009, NEWS, Fox News anchor calls the Obamas' fist pound 'a terrorist fist jab',weblink Think Progress, June 10, 2008, Later, Hill's contract was not renewed."Fox News Changes: 'Terrorist Fist Jab' Anchor E.D. Hill Loses Her Show, Laura Ingraham In At 5PM", Huffington Post, June 18, 2008.

2013 Bert and Ernie cover

The New Yorker chose an image of Bert and Ernie by artist Jack Hunter, entitled 'Moment of Joy', as the cover of their July 8, 2013 publication, which covers the Supreme Court decisions on the Defense of Marriage Act and California Proposition 8.JOURNAL,weblink Cover Story: Bert and Ernie's 'Moment of Joy', February 17, 2015, Francoise, Mouly, Mina, Kaneko, The New Yorker, "It's amazing to witness how attitudes on gay rights have evolved in my lifetime," said Jack Hunter, the artist behind next week's cover, The Sesame Street characters have long been rumored in popular culture and urban legend to be homosexual partners, though Sesame Workshop has repeatedly denied this, saying they are merely "puppets" and have no sexual orientation.WEB,weblink Open Sesame, February 17, 2015, Mikkelson, Barbara and David P., Snopes.com, August 6, 2007, Urban Legends Reference Pages, Barbara and David P. Mikkelson, The Children's Television Workshop has steadfastly denied rumors about Bert and Ernie's sexual orientation..., Reaction was mixed. Online magazine Slate criticized the cover, which shows Ernie leaning on Bert's shoulder as they watch a television with the Supreme Court justices on the screen, saying "it's a terrible way to commemorate a major civil-rights victory for gay and lesbian couples." The Huffington Post, meanwhile, said it was "one of [the magazine's] most awesome covers of all time".WEB,weblink Bert and Ernie Cuddle Over Supreme Court Ruling, June 28, 2013, Christina Ng, ABC News,

Books

  • Ross and the New Yorker by Dale Kramer (1951)
  • The Years with Ross by James Thurber (1959)
  • Ross, the New Yorker and Me by Jane Grant (1968)
  • Here at The New Yorker by Brendan Gill (1975)
  • About the New Yorker and Me by E.J. Kahn (1979)
  • Onward and Upward: A Biography of Katharine S. White by Linda H. Davis (1987)
  • At Seventy: More about the New Yorker and Me by E.J. Kahn (1988)
  • Katharine and E. B. White: An Affectionate Memoir by Isabel Russell (1988)
  • The Last Days of The New Yorker by Gigi Mahon (1989)
  • Genius in Disguise: Harold Ross of the New Yorker by Thomas Kunkel (1997)
  • Here But Not Here: My Life with William Shawn and the New Yorker by Lillian Ross (1998)
  • Remembering Mr. Shawn's New Yorker: The Invisible Art of Editing by Ved Mehta (1998)
  • Some Times in America: and a life in a year at the New Yorker by Alexander Chancellor (1999)
  • The World Through a Monocle: The New Yorker at Midcentury by Mary F. Corey (1999)
  • About Town: The New Yorker and the World It Made by Ben Yagoda (2000)
  • Covering the New Yorker: Cutting-Edge Covers from a Literary Institution by Françoise Mouly (2000)
  • Defining New Yorker Humor by Judith Yaross Lee (2000)
  • Gone: The Last Days of the New Yorker, by Renata Adler (2000)
  • Letters from the Editor: The New Yorker's Harold Ross edited by Thomas Kunkel (2000; letters covering the years 1917 to 1951)
  • New Yorker Profiles 1925–1992: A Bibliography compiled by Gail Shivel (2000)
  • NoBrow: The Culture of Marketing – the Marketing of Culture by John Seabrook (2000)
  • Fierce Pajamas: An Anthology of Humor Writing from The New Yorker by David Remnick and Henry Finder (2002)
  • Christmas at The New Yorker: Stories, Poems, Humor, and Art (2003)
  • A Life of Privilege, Mostly by Gardner Botsford (2003)
  • Maeve Brennan: Homesick at the New Yorker by Angela Bourke (2004)
  • Let Me Finish by Roger Angell (Harcourt, 2006)
  • The Receptionist: An Education at the New Yorker by Janet Groth (2012)
  • Between You & Me: Confessions of a Comma Queen by Mary Norris (2015)
  • Cast of Characters: Wolcott Gibbs, E.B. White, James Thurber and the Golden Age of The New Yorker by Thomas Vinciguerra (2015)

Movies

  • Top Hat and Tales: Harold Ross and the Making of the New Yorker (Carousel Film and Video, 2001, 47 minutes)NEWS,weblink Neighborhood Report: CRITIC'S VIEW; How The New Yorker Took Wing In Its Larval Years With Ross, Caryn James, The New York Times, May 13, 2001, February 24, 2011, Quick Vids by Gary Handman, American Libraries, May 2006.

See also

Notes

{{notelist}}

References

{{Reflist|30em}}

External links

{{Wikisourcehas|2=s:Por}} {{Advance Publications}}{{Authority control}}

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