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Abuja
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{{short description|Capital of Nigeria}}{{Use dmy dates|date=January 2013}}







factoids
| subdivision_type = CountryNigeria}}| subdivision_type1 = TerritoryLocal Government Areas of Nigeria>LGA(s)Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria)>Federal Capital Territory| subdivision_name2 = Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC)| established_title = Settled| established_date = 1828Municipal corporation>Incorporated| established_date1 = 1 October 1984| established_title2 = Declared capital| established_date2 = 12 December 1991Urban planner>City Planner| leader_name = Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA)City manager>City Management| leader_name1 = Abuja Metropolitan Management Council (AMMC) PUBLISHER=CITY POPULATION, 26 October 2015, | area_total_km2 = 1,769| area_water_km2 = 41| area_land_km2 = 1,728| area_urban_km2 = 713| area_metro_km2 =| elevation_m = 840| population_total = 1,235,880| population_as_of = 2011 estimate| population_footnotes = | population_density_km2 = auto| population_density_urban_km2 = 3423List of Nigerian cities by population>7th| population_urban = 2,440,000| population_urban_density_km2 =| population_metro = 6,000,000 (estimated)| population_note = | postal_code_type = Postal codes| postal_code = 900211–900288| website = www.fcta.gov.ng| type = MunicipalityWest Africa Time>WAT| utc_offset = +1Köppen climate classification>ClimateTropical savanna climate>Aw}} Abuja ({{IPAc-en|ə|ˈ|b|u:|dʒ|ə}})WEB, Define Abuja's at Dictionary.com,weblink's, dictionary.com, Random House, Inc., 14 April 2015, is the capital city of Nigeria located in the centre of the country within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). It is a planned city and was built mainly in the 1980s,NEWS,weblink Life of poverty in Abuja's wealth, 2007-08-10, news.bbc.co.uk, BBC News, Tuesday, 13 February 2007, 2007-02-13, replacing the country's most populous city of Lagos as the capital on 12 December 1991.Roman Adrian Cybriwsky, Capital Cities around the World: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2013, p. 2 Abuja's geography is defined by Aso Rock, a {{Convert|400|m|adj=on}} monolith left by water erosion. The Presidential Complex, National Assembly, Supreme Court and much of the city extend to the south of the rock. Zuma Rock, a {{Convert|792|m|adj=on}} monolith, lies just north of the city on the expressway to Kaduna.At the 2006 census, the city of Abuja had a population of 776,298, making it one of the ten most populous cities in Nigeria. According to the United Nations, Abuja grew by 139.7% between 2000 and 2010, making it the fastest growing city in the world.{{As of|2015}}, the city is experiencing an annual growth of at least 35%, retaining its position as the fastest-growing city on the African continent and one of the fastest-growing in the world. As at 2016, the metropolitan area of Abuja is estimated at eight million persons, placing it behind only Lagos, as the most populous metro area in Nigeria.Major religious sites include the Nigerian National Mosque and the Nigerian National Christian Centre. The city is served by the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport. Abuja is known for being one of the few purpose-built capital cities in Africa, as well as being one of the wealthiest.Murray, Senan. "Life of poverty in Abuja's wealth." BBC. Tuesday 13 February 2007. Retrieved on 12 September 2011.

History

File:Nigeriahouseofreps.jpg|thumb|left|300px|Nigeria's National Assembly in Abuja]]"Abuja" was in the earlier 20th century the name of the nearby town now called Suleja.WEB, The New Federal Capital,weblink fcda.gov.ng, en-gb, 2018, The indigenous inhabitants of Abuja are the Gbagyi (Gwari), with the Gbagyi language formerly the major of the region language, and others in the area being Bassa, Gwandara, Gade, Dibo, and Koro. In light of the ethnic and religious divisions of Nigeria, plans had been devised since Nigeria's independence to have its capital in a place deemed neutral to all major ethnic parties, and also in close proximity to all the regions of Nigeria. The location was eventually designated in the centre of the country in the early 1970s as it signified neutrality and national unity. Another impetus for Abuja came because of Lagos' population boom that made that city overcrowded and conditions squalid. As Lagos was already undergoing rapid economic development, the Nigerian regime felt the need to expand the economy towards the inner part of the country, and hence decided to move its capital to Abuja.WEB,weblink #NigeriaAt55: Top 5 Reasons Nigeria's Capital Was Moved From Lagos To Abuja (PHOTOS), Omotayo, Yusuf, 1 October 2015, The logic used was similar to the way Brazil planned its capital, Brasília. The decision to move to Abuja was made by General Murtala Mohammed in 1976.Toyin Falola, Ann Genova, Matthew M. Heaton, Historical Dictionary of Nigeria, Rowman & Littlefield, USA, 2018, p. 21WEB, Yusuf, Omotayo, Why The Capital Was Moved From Lagos To Abuja,weblink Naija.ng - Nigeria news., 1 October 2015, Construction started in the late 1970s but, due to economic and political instability, the initial stages of the city were not complete until 1991.The master plan for Abuja and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) was developed by International Planning Associates (IPA), a consortium of three American firms: Planning Research Corporation; Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd;BOOK, Elleh, Nnamdi, Abuja, the single most ambitious urban design project of the 20th century,weblink and Archisystems, a division of the Hughes Organization. The master plan for Abuja defined the general structure and major design elements of the city that are visible in its current form. More detailed design of the central areas of the capital, particularly its monumental core, was accomplished by Japanese architect Kenzo Tange, with his team of city planners at Kenzo Tange and Urtec company.Most countries relocated their embassies to Abuja, and many maintain their former embassies as consulates in Lagos, the commercial capital of Nigeria. Abuja is the headquarters of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the regional headquarters of OPEC. Abuja and the FCT have experienced huge population growth; it has been reported that some areas around Abuja have been growing at 20% to 30% per year.WEB,weblink$File/African+Regional+Roundtable+on+Upgrading+Oct00.pdf, World Bank Conference: African Regional Roundtable on Upgrading Low-income Settlements, 2007-08-10, www.citiesalliance.org, World Bank, 3–5 October 2000, Johannesburg, South Africa, p. 16,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070928045105weblink">weblink 28 September 2007, dead, dmy-all, Squatter settlements and towns have spread rapidly in and outside the city limits.WEB,weblink Resettlement Issues, Squatter Settlements and the Problems of Land Administration in Abuja, Nigeria’s Federal Capital, 2007-08-10, fig.net, 5th FIG Regional Conference Accra, Ghana, 8–11 March 2006, Tens of thousands of people have been evicted since former FCT minister Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai started a demolition campaign in 2003.NEWS,weblink In a Dream City, a Nightmare for the Common Man, 2007-08-10, nyt.com, New York Times, 13 December 2006, Lydia, Polgreen, 13 December 2006,

Geography

Climate

Abuja under Köppen climate classification features a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen: Aw). The FCT experiences three weather conditions annually. This includes a warm, humid rainy season and a blistering dry season. In between the two, there is a brief interlude of harmattan occasioned by the northeast trade wind, with the main feature of dust haze and dryness.The rainy season begins from April and ends in October, when daytime temperatures reach {{convert|28|°C|°F|1}} to {{convert|30|°C|°F|1}} and nighttime lows hover around {{convert|22|°C|°F|1}} to {{convert|23|°C|°F|1}}. In the dry season, daytime temperatures can soar as high as {{convert|40|°C|°F|1}} and nighttime temperatures can dip to {{convert|12|°C|°F|1}}. Even the chilliest nights can be followed by daytime temperatures well above {{convert|30|°C|°F|1}}. The high altitudes and undulating terrain of the FCT act as a moderating influence on the weather of the territory. The city's inland location causes the diurnal temperature variation to be much larger than coastal cities with similar climates such as Lagos.Rainfall in the FCT reflects the territory's location on the windward side of the Jos Plateau and the zone of rising air masses with the city receiving frequent rainfall during the rainy season from April to October every year.WEB,weblink Abuja Nigeria Tourist Information, Touristlink.com, 2013-08-30, {{Weather box| location = Abuja| metric first = Yes| single line = Yes| Jan high C = 34.7| Feb high C = 36.8| Mar high C = 36.9| Apr high C = 35.6| May high C = 32.7| Jun high C = 30.6| Jul high C = 29.1| Aug high C = 28.9| Sep high C = 30.0| Oct high C = 32.0| Nov high C = 34.4| Dec high C = 34.6| year high C =| Jan low C = 20.4| Feb low C = 25.5| Mar low C = 24.3| Apr low C = 24.7| May low C = 19.5| Jun low C = 18.3| Jul low C = 21.9| Aug low C = 17.7| Sep low C = 17.5| Oct low C = 21.4| Nov low C = 15.7| Dec low C = 15.5| year low C =| rain colour = green| Jan rain mm = 1.7| Feb rain mm = 5.4| Mar rain mm = 11.3| Apr rain mm = 62.8| May rain mm = 134.1| Jun rain mm = 164.2| Jul rain mm = 217.5| Aug rain mm = 262.7| Sep rain mm = 253.4| Oct rain mm = 103.2| Nov rain mm = 3.7| Dec rain mm = 1.2| year rain mm =| Jan rain days = 0.1| Feb rain days = 0.2| Mar rain days = 1.3| Apr rain days = 4.2| May rain days = 9.4| Jun rain days = 12.3| Jul rain days = 14.0| Aug rain days = 16.2| Sep rain days = 15.9| Oct rain days = 8.0| Nov rain days = 0.3| Dec rain days = 0.1| source 1 = World Meteorological Organization.World Weather Information Service-Abuja, World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 1 October 2012.| date = September 2012}}

Vegetation

{{unreferenced section|date=January 2018}}The FCT falls within the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic zone of the West African sub-region. Patches of rain forest, however, occur in the Gwagwa plains, especially in the rugged terrain to the southeastern parts of the territory, where a landscape of gullies and rough terrain is found. These areas of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) form one of the few surviving occurrences of the mature forest vegetation in Nigeria.

Administration

Abuja city is run by the Abuja Municipal Area Council. In addition to the civic administration the city is the location for the federal government of Nigeria, and likewise the Federal Capital Territory Administration which is responsible for the encompassing Federal Capital Territory.

Abuja Municipal Area Council

The Abuja Municipal Area Council is the local government responsible for administration of the city. Coucillorship and chairmanship elections are held regularly. The People's Democratic Party won the 2013 election, as it had in 2010.NEWS, FCT Poll: Pdp Wins 5 of 6 Area Councils,weblink Nigerian Voice, 18 March 2013, en,

Federal Capital Territory

The FCT is headed by the FCT Minister, currently Malam Muhammad Bello, who is appointed by central government. The FCT Minister appoints members to the Abuja Metropolitan Management Council (AMMC)The FCT's ministers have been as follows:

Districts

(File:Abuja hotel view (7955265376).jpg|thumb|Abuja skyline.)(File:CenBank.jpg|thumb|A view of the Central Bank of Nigeria headquarters)(File:CeddiPlaza.jpg|thumb|Ceddi Plaza is one of the shopping malls in the Abuja Central Area.)For ease and co-ordination of developmental efforts, the city was divided into ‘Phases’ by its planners, with the city’s development taking a concentric form with Phase 1, which consists of the city’s inner districts-Central Area, Maitama, Asokoro, Wuse, Wuse II, Garki, Garki II, Guzape and Guzape II-at its core spreading out from the foot of Aso Rock, while Phase 5, consisting of the newly created Kyami District covering the vicinity of the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport and the permanent campus of the University of Abuja, over 40 kilometres west of Aso Rock. Each Phase is separated from the other by an expressway (some still under construction); for example, Phases 1 and 2 are separated from each other by the Nnamdi Azikiwe expressway, while the entirety of the city proper (Phases 1-5) are enclosed by the Murtala Muhammed (Outer Northern-ONEX and Outer Southern-OSEX) expressways as well as the Federal A2 highway which traverses the Federal Capital Territory on its way to Kaduna (north-bound) and Lokoja (south-bound). Thus there is an integration of the city’s road network with the Federal highway network, providing access to the immediate outlying countryside and the surrounding states of the country i.e. Niger State to the west, Kaduna State to the north, Nasarawa State to the east and Kogi State to the south.WEB,weblink Contact Us, 25 May 2015, There are five suburban districts: Nyanya, Karu, Gwagwalada, Kubwa, and Jukwoyi. Along the Airport Road (Now Umaru Musa Yar'Adua Express Way) are clusters of satellite settlements, namely Lugbe, Chika, Kuchigworo and Pyakassa. Other satellite settlements are Idu (the main industrial zone), Mpape, Karimu, Gwagwa, Dei-Dei (housing the International Livestock market and also International Building materials market).{{citation needed|date=January 2018}}

Places of worship

File:Abuja National Mosque.jpg |Abuja National MosqueFile: NNC.jpeg |National Church of NigeriaAmong the places of worship, they are Christian churches and temples : Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion), Presbyterian Church of Nigeria (World Communion of Reformed Churches), Nigerian Baptist Convention (Baptist World Alliance), Living Faith Church Worldwide, Redeemed Christian Church of God, Commonwealth Of Zion Assembly, Assemblies of God, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lagos (Catholic Church) and Muslims mosques.J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 2107

Architecture

Landmarks include the Central Bank of Nigeria headquarters, the Nigerian Presidential Complex, the Ship House, the National Stadium, which was the main venue of the 2003 All Africa Games and some games, including the final, of the 2009 FIFA Under-17 World Cup, Aso Rock and Abuja National Stadium.Plans were made to build skyscrapers such as the Millennium Tower which is partly completed as work has stalled for the last few years.NEWS, Editor, Skyscrapernews, Nigerias Millennium Tower Set For 2011 Finish,weblink skyscrapernews, July 15, 2009, 2009-10-25, This structure looms {{Convert|170|m}} above the city. The tower is part of a huge cultural development complex called the Nigeria National Complex including the Nigeria Cultural Centre, a {{Convert|120,000|m2|abbr=on|adj=on}} structure dedicated to the art and culture of Nigeria. The Cultural Centre and the Millennium Tower have been designed by the Italian architect Manfredi Nicoletti.File:MinTransportation.jpg|The Federal Ministry of Transportation headquarters.File:MilleniumTower.jpg|A view of the Millennium tower.File:MinFinance.jpg|The Federal Ministry of Finance Headquarters.File:MinForeignAffairs.jpg|The Ministry of Foreign Affairs.File:NNPC1.jpg|Headquarters of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC).File:INCARPlaza.jpg|INCAR Plaza.File:SECTower.jpg|SEC Tower, home of the Securities and Exchange Commission.File:Nationalstadium.jpg|Abuja National Stadium.File:Abuja gate.jpg|Abuja City GateFile:NationalCenotaph.jpg|The National Cenotaph houses the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and hosts Armed Forces Remembrance Day ceremonies on 15 January annually.

Parks and open areas

(File:Jabi lake.jpg|thumb|Jabi lake)Abuja is home to several parks and green areas with the largest one being Millennium Park. Millennium Park was designed by architect Manfredi Nicoletti and was officially opened by the United Kingdom's Elizabeth II in December 2003. Another open area park is located in Lifecamp Gwarimpa; near the residence of the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory. The park is located on a slightly raised hilltop which contains sport facilities like Basketball and Badminton courts another park is the city park, it is located in wuse 2 and is home to numerous outdoor and indoor attractions such as a 4D cinema, astro-turf, lawn tennis court, paintball arena and a variety of restaurants.

Bush Bars

Abuja has a variety of informal spaces known as "Bush Bars" that usually, though not always, include a covered area with tables and chairs where people can sit and have drinks (alcoholic and non-alcoholic) and sometimes there are snacks such as suya, grilled catfish, pounded yam, egusi soup and other small items available for purchase. They are located all over Abuja.WEB, Jeremy, Sunday, August 27, 2006 Abuja bush bars,weblink 22 November 2013, WEB, Nigerian Suya Recipe: For Nigerians in Diaspora,weblink Copyright © 2013 allnigerianrecipes.com – All Rights Reserved, 22 November 2013,

Central Business District

Abuja's Central District, also called Central Area, is a strip of land stretching from Aso Rock in the east to the National stadium and the Old City gate in the West.It is like the city's spinal cord, dividing it into the northern sector with Maitama and Wuse, and the southern sector with Garki and Asokoro. While each district has its own clearly demarcated commercial and residential sectors, the Central District is the city's principal Business Zone, where practically all parastatals and multinational corporations have their offices. An attractive area in the Central District is the region known as the Three Arms Zone, so called because it houses the administrative offices of the executive, legislative and judicial arms of the federal government. A few of the other sites worth seeing in the area are the federal secretariats alongside Shehu Shagari Way, Aso Hill, the Abuja Plant Nursery, Eagle Square (which has important historic significance, as it was in this grounds that the present democratic dispensation had its origin on 29 May 1999) and in which all subsequent Presidential Inauguration ceremonies have taken place. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is situated across Shehu Shagari Way facing the Eagle Square. This section is usually closed to traffic during the annual Armed Forces Remembrance Day ceremonies that is observed on 15 January. The National Mosque and National Church of Nigeria are opposite each other on either side of Independence Avenue.WEB,weblink Independence Avenue, Wikimapia.org, 2012-11-18, 2013-08-30, A well-known government office is the Ministry of Defense, colloquially nicknamed "Ship House".WEB,weblink Ship House, Wikimapia.org, 2012-11-18, 2013-08-30, Also located here is the yet-to-be-completed National Square, Millennium tower and Nigeria Cultural Centre multi-functional complex.

Garki District

{{unreferenced section|date=January 2018}}(File:NICONLuxury.jpg|thumb|The NICON Luxury hotel is located in Area 11.)The Garki District is the area in the southwest corner of the city, having the Central District to the north and the Asokoro District to the east. The district is subdivided into units called "Areas". Garki uses a distinctive naming convention of "Area" to refer to parts of Garki. These are designated as Areas 1 to 11. Garki II is used to differentiate the area from Garki Area 2. Visitors may find this system confusing.Garki is presently the principal business and administrative district of Abuja. Numerous buildings of interest are in this area. Some of them include the General Post Office, Abuja International Conference Centre along the busy Herbert Maculay Way, Nicon Luxury Hotel (formally known as Abuja Sofitel Hotel and Le Meridian), Agura Hotel and Old Federal Secretariat Complex Buildings (Area 1). A new five-star hotel, Hawthorn Suites Abuja, is in Garki.Area 2 is mainly used for residential purposes, although a zoological garden as well as a small shopping Centre are to be found here as well. Several banks and other commercial offices are located along Moshood Abiola Way in Area 7. The headquarters of the Nigerian Armed Forces – Army, Airforce and Navy – is located on Muhammadu Buhari Way in the Garki District.The tallest building in this district is the Radio House located at the Area 11 sector, which houses the Federal Ministry of Information and Communications, the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) and Voice of Nigeria (VON). The Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) stations and corporate headquarters are also in Garki. The Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA) which oversees and runs the Administration of the Federal Capital Territory has its offices in Garki.The Office of the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja is in Area 11. This is the location of the Federal Capital Development Authority and other administrative buildings. A popular sub-neighbourhood here is found in the vicinity of Gimbiya street, because it has the unique characteristic of being a purely administrative zone on weekdays, while transforming into a purely entertainment zone on weeknights and weekends.{{citation needed|date=January 2018}}(File:Gimbiyacorner.jpg|thumb|A view of Gimbiya Street in Area 11 of Garki)(File:CityCentremall.jpg|thumb|The 'City Centre' is a new community mall located along Gimbiya street in Area 11.)Other places of note include the Cyprian Ekwensi Arts & Culture Centre and The Nigerian Police Mobile Force CID (Criminal Investigation Department) headquarters in Area 10. The Abuja Municipal Area Council, which is the local government administration has its headquarters in Area 10. The new United States Embassy is in the Diplomatic Zone which adjoins Garki.

Wuse District

{{unreferenced section|date=January 2018}}Wuse District is the northwestern part of the city, with the Maitama District to its north and the Central District to its south. The District is numbered Zones 1–6. The Wuse Market is Abuja's principal market. The second most important post office in the city is here. This district houses the Sheraton Hotel and Towers (Zone 4), Grand Ibro International hotel, the Federal Road Safety Corps Headquarters (Zone 3), Nigerian Customs Services Headquarters, Federal Civil Service Commission (Zone 3), National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration (NAFDAC) (Zone 7), Wuse General Hospital, and the Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation. Just as Garki District has Garki II, Wuse has Wuse II. This is distinct from Wuse Zone 2.

Maitama District

{{unreferenced section|date=January 2018}}File:Millennium Park Abuja1.jpg|thumbnail|Millennium Park in Maitama District]]Maitama District is to the north of the city, with the Wuse and Central Districts lying to its southwest and southeast respectively. This area is home to the top bracket sections of society and business, and has the reputation of being very exclusive and very expensive. Interesting buildings include the Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Nigerian Communications Commission Headquarters (NCC), National Universities Commission (NUC), Soil Conservation Complex, and Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). The British High Commission is located along Aguiyi Ironsi Way, in Maitama. Also, the Maitama District Hospital is another notable building in Maitama. Maitama District is home to many of the European and Asian embassies.

Asokoro District

{{unreferenced section|date=January 2018}}Asokoro District, the doyen of the districts, houses all of the state's lodges/guest houses. The ECOWAS secretariat is a focal point of interest. Asokoro is to the east of Garki District and south of Central District. It is one of the most exclusive districts of Abuja and houses virtually all of the federal cabinet ministers as well as most of the diplomatic community in the city; in addition, the Presidential Palace (commonly referred to as the Aso Rock) is in Asokoro District. By virtue of this fact, Asokoro is the most secure area of the city.

Jabi District

Jabi is a developed district in phase 2 of Abuja. It is both residential and commercial in nature. The residential parts of the district are peaceful with streets of large gated houses being a prominent feature. The more commercial parts of the area are significantly busier. The district plays host to the Jabi Lake, which sits by the Jabi Lake Mall.WEB,weblink Jabi Abuja {{!, District Guide {{!}} Real Estate – Villa Afrika|website=Villa Afrika Realty|language=en-US|access-date=2019-02-03}}

Gwarimpa District

Gwarimpa is the last district in the Abuja Municipal Area Council. It is a {{Convert|20|km|adj=on}} drive from the central district and contains the largest single housing estate in Nigeria, the Gwarimpa Housing Estate. The estate was built by the administration of General Sani Abacha and is the largest of its kind in Africa. It provides residence for the majority of the civil servants in federal ministries and government parastatals. The ECOWAS Court has an official quarters for the President and Members of the Court in Gwarimpa.

Durumi District

Durumi District is located southwest of Abuja and is bordered by Garki Districts I and II to the northeast. Its borders are the Oladipo Diya Road to the southwest, the Nnamdi Azikiwe Express Way to the northeast, and Ahmadu Bello Way to the southeast.WEB, Durumi (Abuja) Nigeria / Abuja Federal Capital Territory / Zubo / Abuja,weblink wikimapia.org/, 22 November 2013, The American International School of Abuja is located in the Durumi District.WEB, American International School,weblink Google+, 22 November 2013, WEB, American International School, Abuja,weblink American International School of Abuja, 22 November 2013,

Demographics

{{Historical populations|1950|18,977|1960|23,331|1970|47,619|1980|125,463|1990|330,473|2000|832,556|2010|1,813,724|2019|3,095,118|align=right|footnote=for Abuja Agglomeration:Abuja population}}At the 2006 census, the city of Abuja had a population of 776,298,WEB,weblink Legal Notice on Publication of 2006 Census Final Results, Policy and Legal Advocacy Centre, 10 June 2012, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130319130952weblink">weblink 19 March 2013, making it then the eighth most populous city in Nigeria. United Nations figures showed that Abuja grew by 139.7% between 2000 and 2010, making it the fastest growing city in the world.WEB,weblink World’s Fastest Growing Cities are in Asia and Africa, 2 March 2010, Euromonitor,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20151117022953weblink">weblink October 2015, 26 October 2015, {{As of|2015}}, the city is experiencing an annual growth of at least 35%, retaining its position as the fastest-growing city on the African continent and one of the fastest-growing in the world.WEB,weblink Top 5 Cities To Do Business In Nigeria. ABUJA Is 2nd, Abuja Facts, 22 April 2015, 26 October 2015, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160204113031weblink">weblink 4 February 2016,

Conurbation

Abuja has witnessed a huge influx of people into the city; the growth has led to the emergence of satellite towns, such as Karu Urban Area, Suleja, Gwagwalada, Lugbe, Kuje and smaller settlements towards which the planned city is sprawling. The urban agglomeration centred upon Abuja had a population estimated at 2,440,000 in 2014.BOOK, Demographia, Demographia World Urban Areas, January 2015, 11th,weblink 2 March 2015, The metropolitan area of Abuja was estimated in 2016 as six million persons, the country's second most populous metro area.WEB,weblink FCT Minister Harps on Development of Satellite Towns, Jaiyeola, Andrews, 22 November 2016,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170806020432weblink">weblink 6 August 2017, dead, dmy-all, The city has a large and growing immigrant community consisting mainly of nationals from the ECOWAS sub-region. The city has been undergoing a rapid pace of physical development over the last fifteen years.

Economy and infrastructure

Real estate

Real estate is a major driver of the Abuja economy. This correlates with the considerable growth and investment the city has seen as it has developed. The sources of this investment have been both foreign and local. The real estate sector continues to have a positive impact on the city, as it is a major avenue for employment.WEB,weblink Abuja Real Estate Development & Projects To Watch in 2019, 2019-01-27, Villa Afrika Realty, en-US, 2019-02-03,

Postal system

Abuja is served by the Nigerian Postal Service which maintains postal codes, street names and zones.WEB,weblink Welcome To Nigerian Postal Service !, Nipost.gov.ng, 2013-08-30,

Transportation

Airport

Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport is the main airport serving Abuja and the surrounding capital region. It was named after Nigeria's first president, Nnamdi Azikiwe. The airport has international and domestic terminals.

Highways

(File:ONEXMaitama.jpg|thumb|A view of a section of the Outer Northern Expressway, ONEX (Maitama Avenue intersection), with the IBB International Golf course to the right and the Nigerian Army Resource centre and Aso Rock to the left.)Abuja is also linked to Nasarawa, Plateau, Benue and Northeast Nigeria by the A234 Federal Highway, which starts from the city as the Goodluck Jonathan expressway, some portions of which are still under construction. A direct highway link to Minna in Niger State is still under construction. The A2 expressway links Abuja with Kaduna in the north and Lokoja in the south. There are also other highway links with the outlying region, such as that linking the suburb of Dutse Alhaji with the Lower Usuma and Gurara Dams, which supply water to the city.{{citation needed|date=January 2018}}

Rail

Abuja is on the route of the planned Lagos–Kano Standard Gauge Railway, which has been completed between Abuja and Kaduna. Trains for Kaduna depart from the Idu Railway Station in Abuja. There is a car park at the train station for passengers traveling to the city centre.NEWS, Agabi, Chris, NRC begins Abuja-Kaduna daily free train service,weblink Daily Trust, 23 June 2016, 26 July 2016,weblink 31 August 2018, dead, Abuja light rail system serves city's centre, Idu industrial neighbourhood and airport, opened in 2018 and became the first rapid transit in country and in Western Africa.

Education

Universities

International schools

Honorary citizens

People awarded the Honorary citizenship of Abuja are:{| class="wikitable" border="1" width="75%" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="0" style="font-size: 85%; border: gray solid 1px; border-collapse: collapse; text-align: middle;"! style="text-align: left;background:#B0C4DE"|Date! width="240" style="text-align: left;background:#B0C4DE"|Name! style="text-align: left;background:#B0C4DE"|Notes4 July 2018Emmanuel Macron (1977-) President of Franceweblink 30 August 2018Theresa May (1956-)>Prime Minister of the United Kingdom>British prime minister.HTTPS://VERBATIMNIGERIA.ORG/VERBATIM2/2018/08/30/THERESA-MAY-CONFERRED-WITH-ABUJA-CITIZENSHIP/>TITLE=THERESA MAY CONFERRED WITH ABUJA CITIZENSHIP, verbatimnigeria.org,

See also

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

  • {{Official websiteweblink|Abuja official website}}
{{Wikivoyage|Abuja}}{{Navboxes| title = Articles related to Abuja| list ={{Abuja}}{{List of African capitals}}{{All-Africa Games Host Cities}}{{LGAs and communities of Federal Capital Territory}}{{Cities in Nigeria}}}}{{Authority control}}

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