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sieve
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{{short description|Tool for breaking or separation of solid materials}}{{About|the tool}}{{Redirect|Sift}}{{Use dmy dates|date=May 2015}}(File:Laboratory sieves BMK.jpg|thumb|right|Metal sifters)File:Ami shakushi.Scoop.jpg|thumb|An ami shakushi, a Japanese ladle or scoop that may be used to remove small drops of batter during the frying of tempuratempuraA mesh strainer, also known as sift, commonly known as sieve, is a device for separating wanted elements from unwanted material or for characterizing the particle size distribution of a sample, typically using a woven screen such as a mesh or net or metal.BOOK, Ruhlman, Michael, Bourdain, Anthony, The Elements of Cooking: Translating the Chef's Craft for Every Kitchen,weblink 2007, Simon and Schuster, 978-1-4391-7252-0, 216, The word "sift" derives from "sieve". In cooking, a sifter is used to separate and break up clumps in dry ingredients such as flour, as well as to aerate and combine them. A strainer is a form of sieve used to separate solids from liquid.

Industrial strainer

Some industrial strainers available are simplex basket strainers, duplex basket strainers, and Y strainers. Simple basket strainers are used to protect valuable or sensitive equipment in systems that are meant to be shut down temporarily. Some commonly used strainers are bell mouth strainers, foot valve strainers,WEB,weblink Industrial Strainers - Liquid Basket Strainer - Eaton Strainers, industrialstrainer.com, basket strainers. Most processing industries (mainly pharmaceutical, coatings and liquid food industries) will opt for a self-cleaning strainer instead of a basket strainer or a simplex strainer due to limitations of simple filtration systems. The self-cleaning strainers or filters are more efficient and provide an automatic filtration solution.WEB,weblink Replacing Bag Filters with Self Cleaning Filters - Russell Finex, Russell, Finex, www.russellfinex.com,

Sieving

  1. Sieving is a simple technique for separating particles of different sizes. A sieve such as used for sifting flour has very small holes. Coarse particles are separated or broken up by grinding against one-another and screen openings. Depending upon the types of particles to be separated, sieves with different types of holes are used. Sieves are also used to separate stones from sand. Sieving plays an important role in food industries where sieves (often vibrating) are used to prevent the contamination of the product by foreign bodies. The design of the industrial sieve is of primary importance here.WEB,weblink Powder Checking - Vibrating sieve - Vibrating sifters - PowderProcess.net, www.powderprocess.net,
Triage sieving refers to grouping people according to their severity of injury.

Wooden sieves

(File:Wooden sieve one eighth mesh.PNG|thumb|right|A wooden mesh in which the withes were one eighth of an inch wide and set the same distance apart. This would be used on an English farm of the Victorian era to sift grain, removing dust and soil.)The mesh in a wooden sieve might be made from wood or wicker. Use of wood to avoid contamination is important when the sieve is used for sampling.BOOK, B. De Vivo, Harvey Belkin, Annamaria Lima, Environmental Geochemistry: Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories: Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories,weblink 2008, Elsevier, 978-0-08-055895-0, 84, Henry Stephens, in his Book of the Farm, advised that the withes of a wooden riddle or sieve be made from fir or willow with American elm being best. The rims would be made of fir, oak or, especially, beech.BOOK, 414–416, The Book of the Farm, Vol. 1, Henry Stephens, W. Blackwood, 1852,

US standard test sieve series

A sieve analysis (or gradation test) is a practice or procedure used (commonly used in civil engineering or sedimentology) to assess the particle size distribution (also called gradation) of a granular material. Sieve sizes used in combinations of four to eight sieves.{|Designations and Nominal Sieve OpeningsGLOVER, Thomas J., 1992, Pocket Ref, Second, Littleton, Col., Sequoia Publishing, 9780962235900, 34710295, registration,weblink ! Tyler (inch/#) !! Sieve (inch/#) !! Sieve opening (in) !! Sieve opening (mm)
| 125
| 106
| 100
32}} inch 3.5 90
| 75
22}} inch 2.5 63
| 53
| 50
14}} inch 1.75 45
12}} inch 1.50 37.5
14}} inch 1.25 31.5
| 26.5
| 25.0
7| 22.4
3| 19.0
5| 16.0
| 13.2
| 12.5
7| 11.2
3| 9.5

Other types

  • Chinois, or conical sieve used as a strainer, also sometimes used like a food mill
  • Cocktail strainer, a bar accessory
  • Colander, a (typically) bowl-shaped sieve used as a strainer in cooking
  • Flour sifter or bolter, used in flour production and baking
  • Graduated sieves, used to separate varying small sizes of material, often soil, rock or minerals
  • Mesh strainer, or just "strainer", usually consisting of a fine metal mesh screen on a metal frame
  • Riddle, used for soil
  • Spider, used in Chinese cooking
  • Tamis, also known as a drum sieve
  • Tea strainer, specifically intended for use when making tea
  • Zaru, or bamboo sieve, used in Japanese cooking
  • A common term used in Trash-talk for a Goaltender in Ice Hockey that lets in too many goals.

See also

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

  • {{Commons category-inline|Sieves}}
  • {{Wiktionary-inline|sieve}}
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