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Premier of the People's Republic of China

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Premier of the People's Republic of China
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{{distinguish|Premier of the Republic of China}}







factoids
|insignia = People's Republic of China National Emblem.svg|insigniacaption = Emblem of the People's Republic of China|image = Li Keqiang-19052015.png|incumbent = Li Keqiang|incumbentsince = 15 March 2013(formal)}}His Excellency (){{small|(in international correspondence)}}State Council of the People's Republic of China>State CouncilCentral Committee of the Communist Party of China>Central CommitteePolitburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of ChinaNational Security Commission of the Communist Party of China>National Security CommissionState Council of the People's Republic of China{{interlanguage link>Plenary Meeting of the State Council国务院全体会议}}{{interlanguage linkzh|国务院常务会议}}|status = Head of GovernmentNational People's Congress and its Standing Committee of the National People's Congress>Standing Committee|residence = ZhongnanhaiZhongnanhai#Regent Palace>Regent Palace, Zhongnanhai, BeijingPresident of the People's Republic of China>President (1982–present)the Party Central Committee(1975–1982, president abolished)President of the People's Republic of China>President, according to the decision of the National People's Congress|termlength = Five years renewable once|constituting_instrument = Constitution of the People's Republic of ChinaCentral People's Government of the People's Republic of China (1949–54)>Central People's Government|formation = 27 September 1954 (State Council of the PRC)1 October 1949 (Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government)|unofficial_names= Prime Minister of ChinaVice Premier of the People's Republic of China>Vice PremierState CouncillorZhou Enlai{{NoteTag>as the only Premier of the Government Administration Council (1949–1954) and also the first Premier (1954–1976) of the State Council.}}|website = State Council}}{{Chinese|title = Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China|s = 中华人民共和国国务院总理|t = 中華人民共和國國務院總理|p = Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guówùyuàn ZǒnglǐExecutive Yuan>Court General Manager|s2 = 国务院总理|t2 = 國務院總理|p2 = Guówùyuàn Zǒnglǐ|l2 = State Affairs Court General Manager|links = no|order = st}}{{Politics of China |expanded = Executive }}The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, sometimes also referred to informally as the "Prime Minister", is the Leader of the State Council of China (a.k.a. the Central People's Government), who is the head of government and holds the highest rank (Level 1) in the Civil Service. This position replaced the role of Premier of the Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government ({{zh |t = 中央人民政府政务院总理 }}), which existed from 1949 to 1954.The Premier is formally approved by the National People's Congress upon the nomination of the President. In practice, the candidate is chosen within the Communist Party of China through the same process that determines the composition of the Politburo Standing Committee. Both the President and the Premier are selected once every five years. The premier is limited to two terms, but the president is not. The Premier has always been a member of the powerful Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China.The current Premier is Li Keqiang, who took office on 15 March 2013. He succeeded Wen Jiabao.

Powers and duties

The Premier is the highest administrative position in the Government of the People's Republic of China. The Premier is responsible for organizing and administering the Chinese civil bureaucracy. For example, the Premier is tasked with planning and implementing national economic, social development and the state budgetweblink Section 3, Article 88 and Article 89. This includes overseeing the various ministries, departments, commissions and statutory agencies and announcing their candidacies to the National People's Congress for Vice-Premiers, State Councillors and ministerial offices. The Premier's powers and responsibilities are codified into the constitution unlike the Prime Minister from the Westminster system as by convention or traditions.The Premier does not have command authority over the People's Liberation Army, but the Premier is the head of the National Defense Mobilization Commission of China and deputy head of the National Security Commission which are departments of the armed forces. Since the 1980s, there has been a division of responsibilities between the Premier and the General Secretary of the Communist Party wherein the Premier is responsible for the technical details of implementing government policy while the General Secretary gathers the political support necessary for government policy.In 1989, then Premier Li Peng, in cooperation with the then Chairman of the Central Military Commission Deng Xiaoping, was able to use the office of the Premier to declare war against Beijing and order the military crackdown of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.The Premier has been supported by four Vice-Premiers since Deng Xiaoping's reform in 1983. The First-ranked Vice Premier will act in the premier's capacity in their absence.

List of premiers

File:Cropped ZhouAndDeng.png|1st — Zhou Enlai(served: 1949–1976)File:Hua Guofeng-1.jpg|2nd — Hua Guofeng(served: 1976–1980) File:Zhao Ziyang (1985).jpg|3rd — Zhao Ziyang(served: 1980–1987) File:Lipeng.jpg|4th — Li Peng(served: 1987–1998)File:Prem. Rongji at a Press Conference (1999) (cropped).jpg|5th — Zhu Rongji(served: 1998–2003)File:Wen Jiabao (Cropped).jpg|6th — Wen Jiabao(served: 2003–2013)File:Li Keqiang (cropped).jpg|7th — Li Keqiang(served: 2013–present)ImageSize = width:800 height:auto barincrement:12PlotArea = top:10 bottom:50 right:130 left:20AlignBars = lateDateFormat = dd/mm/yyyyPeriod = from:01/01/1949 till:01/01/2020TimeAxis = orientation:horizontalScaleMajor = unit:year increment:5 start:1949Colors =
id:pres value:rgb(1,0,0)
id:vac value:rgb(0,1,0)
BarData =
barset:PM
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width:8 align:left fontsize:S shift:(5,-4) anchor:till
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from: 01/10/1949 till: 08/01/1976 color:pres text:"Zhou" fontsize:10
from: 08/01/1976 till: 04/02/1976 color:vac text:"vacant" fontsize:10
from: 04/02/1976 till: 10/09/1980 color:pres text:"Hua" fontsize:10
from: 10/09/1980 till: 24/11/1987 color:pres text:"Zhao" fontsize:10
from: 24/11/1987 till: 17/03/1998 color:pres text:"Li P." fontsize:10
from: 17/03/1998 till: 16/03/2003 color:pres text:"Zhu" fontsize:10
from: 16/03/2003 till: 15/03/2013 color:pres text:"Wen" fontsize:10
from: 15/03/2013 till: 15/03/2018 color:pres text:"Li K." fontsize:10

Living former premiers

As of {{Currentmonthname}} 2019, there are two living former premiers:{| class="wikitable"! Premier! Term of office! Date of birth| Zhu Rongji 1998–2003df=yes10|23}}| Wen Jiabao 2003–2013df=yes9|15}}

See also

Notes

{{NoteFoot}}

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{-}}{{Premiers of the People's Republic of China}}{{State Council}}{{State Council of the People's Republic of China}}{{People's Republic of China politics}}{{Heads of state and government of Asia}}

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