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2011 Census of India
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{{Use dmy dates|date=August 2016}}{{Use Indian English|date=September 2016}}







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17.70%HTTP://WWW.CENSUSINDIA.GOV.IN/2011CENSUS/PCA/A-2_DATA_TABLES/00%20A%202-INDIA.PDF, Decadal Growth :www.censusindia.gov.in, | region_type = stateUttar Pradesh (199,812,341)}}Sikkim (610,577)}}| previous_census = 2001 Census of India| previous_year = 2001| next_census = 2021 Census of India| next_year = 2021}}The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration. House listing phase began on 1 April 2010 and involved collection of information about all buildings. Information for National Population Register was also collected in the first phase, which will be used to issue a 12-digit unique identification number to all registered Indian residents by Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). The second population enumeration phase was conducted between 9 and 28 February 2011. Census has been conducted in India since 1872 and 2011 marks the first time biometric information was collected. According to the provisional reports released on 31 March 2011, the Indian population increased to 1.21 billion with a decadal growth of 17.70%.WEB,weblink India's population — 127,42,39,769 and growing, Adult literacy rate increased to 74.04% with a decadal growth of 9.21%. The motto of the census was 'Our Census, Our future'.Spread across 29 states{{efn|name=preTG|Prior to the creation of Telangana.}} and 7 union territories, the census covered 640 districts, 5,924 sub-districts, 7,935 towns and more than 600,000 villages. A total of 2.7 million officials visited households in 7,935 towns and 600,000 villages, classifying the population according to gender, religion, education and occupation.WEB,weblink Census of India 2011 – A Story of Innovations, C Chandramouli, Press Information Bureau, Government of India, 23 August 2011, The cost of the exercise was approximately {{INR convert|2200|c}}WEB,weblink Do we really need the census?, – this comes to less than $0.50 per person, well below the estimated world average of $4.60 per person. Conducted every 10 years, this census faced big challenges considering India's vast area and diversity of cultures and opposition from the manpower involved.Information on castes was included in the census following demands from several ruling coalition leaders including Lalu Prasad Yadav, Sharad Yadav and Mulayam Singh Yadav supported by opposition parties Bharatiya Janata Party, Akali Dal, Shiv Sena and Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam.Demand for caste census rocks Lok Sabha Information on caste was last collected during the British Raj in 1931. During the early census, people often exaggerated their caste status to garner social status and it is expected that people downgrade it now in the expectation of gaining government benefits.WEB,weblink Login, There was speculation that there would be a caste-based census conducted in 2011, the first time for 80 years (last was in 1931), to find the exact population of the "Other Backward Classes" (OBCs) in India.WEB,weblink OBC data not in 2011 Census, says Moily, Indian Express, 18 December 2009, 24 July 2016, NEWS,weblink The Times Of India, No data since 1931, will 2011 Census be all-caste inclusive? – The Times of India, 11 March 2010, NEWS,weblink The Times Of India, Caste in Census 2011: Is it necessary?, 28 May 2010, NEWS,weblink The Times Of India, OBCs form 41% of population: Survey – The Times of India, 1 September 2007, This was later accepted and the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 was conducted whose first findings were revealed on 3 July 2015 by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.WEB,weblink Govt releases socio-economic and caste census for better policy-making, Mandal Commission report of 1980 quoted OBC population at 52%, though National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) survey of 2006 quoted OBC population at 41%NEWS,weblink The Times Of India, OBc count: 52 or 41%? – The Times of India, 1 November 2006, There is only one instance of a caste-count in post-independence India. It was conducted in Kerala in 1968 by the Communist government under E M S Namboodiripad to assess the social and economic backwardness of various lower castes. The census was termed Socio-Economic Survey of 1968 and the results were published in the Gazetteer of Kerala, 1971.G.O.K dew1971: Appendix XVIII

Census

C M Chandramauli was the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India for the 2011 Indian Census. Census data was collected in 16 languages and the training manual was prepared in 18 languages. In 2011, India and Bangladesh also conducted their first-ever joint census of areas along their border.WEB,weblink Bangladesh and India begin joint census of border areas, WEB,weblink Census in Indian and Bangladesh enclaves ends, The census was conducted in two phases. The first, the house-listing phase, began on 1 April 2010 and involved collection of data about all the buildings and census houses.NEWS,weblink House listing operations for Census 2011 progressing well, The Hindu, 4 April 2010, 16 April 2011, Chennai, India, Vinay, Kumar, Information for the National Population Register was also collected in the first phase. The second, the population enumeration phase, was conducted from 9 – 28 February 2011 all over the country. The eradication of epidemics, the availability of more effective medicines for the treatment of various types of diseases and the improvement in the standard of living were the main reasons for the high decadal growth of population in India.

Information

House-listings

The House-listing schedule contained 35 questions.WEB,weblink Census of India 2011; Houselisting and Housing Census Schedule, 22 January 2011, Government of India, {| cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0" border="1" style="width:90%; border-collapse:collapse; border:2px #000 solid; font-size:x-big;"|Building number Census house number Predominant material of floor, wall and roof of the census house Ascertain use of actual house Condition of the census house Household number Total number of persons in the household Name of the head of the household Sex of the head Caste status (SC or ST or others)|Ownership status of the house Number of dwelling rooms Number of married couple the household Main source of drinking water Availability of drinking water source Main source of lighting Latrine within the premises Type of latrine facility Waste water outlet connection Bathing facility within the premises|Availability of kitchen Fuel used for cooking Radio/Transistor Television Computer/Laptop Telephone/Mobile phone Bicycle Scooter/Motor cycle/Moped Car/Jeep/Van Availing Banking services.

Population enumeration

The Population enumeration schedule contained 30 questions.WEB,weblink Census of India 2011; Household Schedule-Side A, 22 January 2011, Government of India, WEB,weblink Census of India 201a1; Household Schedule-Side B, 22 January 2011, Government of India, {| cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0" border="1" style="width:90%; border-collapse:collapse; border:2px #000 solid; font-size:x-big;"|Name of the person Relationship to head Sex Date of birth and age Current marital status Age at marriage Religion Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe Disability Mother tongue|Other languages known Literacy status Status of attendance (Education) Highest educational level attained Working any time during last year Category of economic activity Occupation Nature of industry Trade or service Class of worker Non economic activity|Seeking or available for work Travel to place of work Birthplace Place of last residence Reason for migration Duration of stay in the place of migration Children surviving Children ever born Number of children born alive during last one year

National Population Register

The National Population Register household schedule contained 9 questions.WEB,weblink National population register; Household Schedule, 22 January 2011, Government of India, {| cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0" border="1" style="width:40%; border-collapse:collapse; border:2px #000 solid; font-size:x-big;"|Name of the person and resident status Name of the person as should appear in the population register Relationship to head gender Date of birth Marital status Educational qualification Occupation/Activity Names of father, mother and spouseOnce the information was collected and digitised, fingerprints were taken and photos collected. Unique Identification Authority of India was to issue a 12-digit identification number to all individuals and the first ID was to have been issued in 2011.NEWS,weblink Census operation in history kicks off, The Hindu, 1 April 2010, 1 April 2010, NEWS,weblink India launches new biometric census, Yahoo news, 1 April 2010, 1 April 2010, {{Dead link|date=October 2010|bot=H3llBot}}NEWS,weblink India launches biometric census, BBC, 1 April 2010, 1 April 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100401053517weblink">weblink 1 April 2010, no,

Census report

(File:India population increase.GIF|450px|thumb|right|Decadal growth of Indian population (1901–2011).)Provisional data from the census was released on 31 March 2011 (and was updated on 20 May 2013).NEWS,weblink India's total population is now 121 crore, LiveMint, 30 April 2013, NEWS,weblink India at Glance – Population Census 2011, Census Organisation of India. 2011, 1 January 2014,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140108025228weblink">weblink 8 January 2014, yes, dmy-all, NEWS,weblink It's official. We are the second most populous nation in the world at 1.2 billion, NEWS,weblink India's total population is now 1.21 billion, NEWS,weblink India's total population is 1.21 billion, final census reveals, Transgender population was counted in population census in India for first time in 2011.WEB,weblink Pakistan counts transgender people in national census for first time, Over 70,000 transgenders in rural India, UP tops list: Census 2011 The overall sex ratio of the population is 940 females for every 1,000 males in 2011.WEB,weblink Sex ratio worsens in small families, improves with 3 or more children, The official count of the third gender in India is 490,000WEB,weblink First count of third gender in census: 4.9 lakh, {| class="wikitable"Population Total 1,210,854,977 Males 623,724,568 Females 586,469,294Literacy Total 74% Males 82.10% Females 65.50%Density of populationper km2 382Sex ratioper 1000 males 940 femalesChild sex ratio (0–6 age group)per 1000 males 914

Population

The population of India as per 2011 census was {{formatnum:1,210,193,422}}.WEB,weblink Why activists are upset with Census disability numbers, India added 181.5 million to its population since 2001, slightly lower than the population of Brazil. India, with 2.4% of the world's surface area, accounts for 17.5% of its population. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state with roughly 200 million people. Over half the population resided in the six most populous states of Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.NEWS,weblink Indian States Census 2011, Census Organization of India. 2011, 1 January 2014, Of the 1.21 billion Indians, 833 million (68.84%) live in rural areas while 377 million stay in urban areas.WEB,weblink About 68.84 per cent Indians live in rural areas: Census report, WEB,weblink Rural Urban, 453.6 million people in India are migrants, which is 37.8% of total population.WEB,weblink Every 3rd Indian migrant, most headed south,weblink is the homeland of major belief systems such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism, while also being home to several indigenous faiths and tribal religions which have survived the influence of major religions for centuries.Ever since its inception, the Census of India has been collecting and publishing information about the religious affiliations as expressed by the people of India. In fact, population census has the rare distinction of being the only instrument that collects this diverse and important characteristic of the Indian population.{| class="wikitable sortable collapsible" style="text-align: right;"|+ Population distribution in India by states! style="background:navajowhite;"| Rank ! style="background:navajowhite;"| State / Union Territory (UT)! style="background:navajowhite;"| Type ! style="background:navajowhite;"| PopulationWEB,weblink List of states with Population, Sex Ratio and Literacy Census 2011, 2011 Census of India, 23 January 2013, ! style="background:navajowhite;"| % of total populationWEB,weblink Ranking of States and Union territories by population size: 1991 and 2001, Government of India (2001), Census of India, 5–6, 12 December 2008, ! style="background:navajowhite;"| Males! style="background:navajowhite;"| Females! style="background:navajowhite;"| Sex Ratio WEB,weblink Population, Government of India (2011), Census of India, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120112151910weblink">weblink 12 January 2012, ! style="background:navajowhite;"| Literacy rate (%)! style="background:navajowhite;"| RuralWEB,weblink Provisional Population Totals, Government of India (2011), Census of India, 23 July 2011, Population! style="background:navajowhite;"| Urban Population! style="background:navajowhite;"| AreaWEB,weblink Area ofIndia/state/district, Government of India (2001), Census of India, 27 October 2008, (km²)! style="background:navajowhite;"| Density (/km²)! style="background:navajowhite;"| Decadal Growth% (2001-2011)Uttar Pradesh State 199,812,341 16.5 104,480,510 95,331,831 930 67.68 155,111,022 44,470,455 240,928 828 20.1%Maharashtra State 112,374,333 9.28 58,243,056 54,131,277 929 82.34 61,545,441 50,827,531 307,713 365 16.0%Bihar State 104,099,452 8.6 54,278,157 49,821,295 918 61.80 92,075,028 11,729,609 94,163 1,102 25.1%West Bengal State 91,276,115 7.54 46,809,027 44,467,088 950 76.26 62,213,676 29,134,060 88,752 1,030 13.9%Andhra Pradesh{{efn| 10.98%Madhya Pradesh State 72,626,809 6.00 37,612,306 35,014,503 931 69.32 52,537,899 20,059,666 308,245 236 20.3%Tamil Nadu State 72,147,030 5.96 36,137,975 36,009,055 996 80.09 37,189,229 34,949,729 130,058 555 15.6%Rajasthan State 68,548,437 5.66 35,550,997 32,997,440 928 66.11 51,540,236 17,080,776 342,239 201 21.4%Karnataka State 61,095,297 5.05 30,966,657 30,128,640 973 75.36 37,552,529 23,578,175 191,791 319 15.7%Gujarat State 60,439,692 4.99 31,491,260 28,948,432 919 78.03 34,670,817 25,712,811 196,024 308 19.2%Odisha State 41,974,218 3.47 21,212,136 20,762,082 979 72.87 34,951,234 6,996,124 155,707 269 14.0%Kerala State 33,406,061 2.76 16,027,412 17,378,649 1,084 94.00 17,445,506 15,932,171 38,863 859 4.9%Jharkhand State 32,988,134 2.72 16,930,315 16,057,819 948 66.41 25,036,946 7,929,292 79,714 414 22.3%Assam State 31,205,576 2.58 15,939,443 15,266,133 958 72.19 26,780,526 4,388,756 78,438 397 16.9%Punjab, India >| 13.7%Chhattisgarh State 25,545,198 2.11 12,832,895 12,712,303 991 70.28 19,603,658 5,936,538 135,191 189 22.6%Haryana State 25,351,462 2.09 13,494,734 11,856,728 879 75.55 16,531,493 8,821,588 44,212 573 19.9%Delhi UT 16,787,941 1.39 8,887,326 7,800,615 868 86.21 944,727 12,905,780 1,484 11,297 21%Jammu and Kashmir State 12,541,302 1.04 6,640,662 5,900,640 889 67.16 9,134,820 3,414,106 222,236 56 23.7%Uttarakhand State 10,086,292 0.83 5,137,773 4,948,519 963 79.63 7,025,583 3,091,169 53,483 189 19.2%Himachal Pradesh State 6,864,602 0.57 3,481,873 3,382,729 972 82.80 6,167,805 688,704 55,673 123 12.8%Tripura State 3,673,917 0.30 1,874,376 1,799,541 960 87.22 2,710,051 960,981 10,486 350 14.7%Meghalaya State 2,966,889 0.25 1,491,832 1,475,057 989 74.43 2,368,971 595,036 22,429 132 27.8%Manipur State 2,721,756 0.21 1,290,171 1,280,219 992 79.21 1,899,624 822,132 22,327 122 18.7%Nagaland State 1,978,502 0.16 1,024,649 953,853 931 79.55 1,406,861 573,741 16,579 119 -0.5%Goa State 1,458,545 0.12 739,140 719,405 973 88.70 551,414 906,309 3,702 394 8.2%Arunachal Pradesh State 1,383,727 0.11 713,912 669,815 938 65.38 1,069,165 313,446 83,743 17 25.9%Puducherry UT 1,247,953 0.10 612,511 635,442 1,037 85.85 394,341 850,123 479 2,598 27.7%Mizoram State 1,097,206 0.09 555,339 541,867 976 91.33 529,037 561,997 21,081 52 22.8%Chandigarh UT 1,055,450 0.09 580,663 474,787 818 86.05 29,004 1,025,682 114 9,252 17.1%Sikkim State 610,577 0.05 323,070 287,507 890 81.42 455,962 151,726 7,096 86 12.4%Andaman and Nicobar Islands UT 380,581 0.03 202,871 177,710 876 86.63 244,411 135,533 8,249 46 6.7%Dadra and Nagar Haveli UT 343,709 0.03 193,760 149,949 774 76.24 183,024 159,829 491 698 55.5%Daman and Diu UT 243,247 0.02 150,301 92,946 618 87.10 60,331 182,580 112 2,169 53.5%Lakshadweep UT 64,473 0.01 33,123 31,350 946 91.85 14,121 50,308 32 2,013 6.2%! style="background:navajowhite;"| TOTAL || style="text-align:left;"|India || 35|| 1,210,854,977 || 100 || 623,724,248586,469,174 >943 >74.04 >833,087,662 >377,105,760 >3,287,240 >382 >| 17.64%

Religious demographics

The religious data on India Census 2011 was released by the Government of India on 25 August 2015.WEB,weblink Census 2011: Muslims record decadal growth of 24.6 pc, Hindus 16.8 pc, Abantika Ghosh, Vijaita Singh, Indian Express, 24 January 2015, Indian Express, 27 January 2015, WEB,weblink Hindus 79.8%, Muslims 14.2% of population: census data, WEB,weblink India Census 2011, Censusindia.gov.in, 25 August 2015, Hindus are 79.8% (966.3 million),WEB,weblink India's religions by numbers, while Muslims are 14.23% (172.2 million) in India.WEB,weblink Muslim population growth slows, NEWS,weblink Muslim representation on decline, The Times of India, 31 August 2015, 31 August 2015, WEB, Share on Twitter,weblink Muslim share of population up 0.8%, Hindus’ down 0.7% between 2001 and 2011 - Times of India, Timesofindia.indiatimes.com, 26 August 2015, 24 July 2016, and Christians are 2.30% (28.7 million). According to the 2011 Census of India, there are 57,264 Parsis in India.WEB,weblink Where we belong: The fight of Parsi women in interfaith marriages, WEB,weblink Parsi population dips by 22 per cent between 2001-2011: study, For the first time, a "No religion" category was added in the 2011 census.WEB,weblink The tradition of atheism in India goes back 2,000 years. I'm proud to be a part of that, WEB,weblink Why a Tinder date is better than 72 virgins in paradise, 2.87 million were classified as people belonging to "No Religion" in India in the 2011 censusWEB,weblink Against All Gods: Meet the league of atheists from rural Uttar Pradesh, WEB,weblink People without religion have risen in Census 2011, but atheists have nothing to cheer about, 0.24% of India's population of 1.21 billion.WEB,weblink 2.87 million Indians have no faith, census reveals for first time, WEB,weblink 1.88 lakh people in Tamil Nadu state ‘no religion’ in 2011 census, Given below is the decade-by-decade religious composition of India until the 2011 census.WEB,weblink livemint.com, Livemint, Muslim politics:At a crossroads, 28 October 2014, WEB,weblink Demographic Dividend and Indian Muslims - i, Aariz Mohammed, Milli Gazette, 1–15 May 2013, Milli Gazette, 15 May 2013, WEB,weblink PDF, Demographic Dividend and Indian Muslims - i, Aariz Mohammed, Milli Gazette, 1–15 May 2013, Milli Gazette, 15 May 2013, There are six religions in India that have been awarded "National Minority" status - Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists and Parsis.WEB,weblink National minority status for Jains, Jains become sixth minority community Sunnis, Shias, Bohras, Agakhanis and Ahmadiyyas were identified as sects of Islam in India.WEB,weblink Sunnis, Shias, Bohras, Agakhanis and Ahmadiyyas were identified as sects of Islam., WEB,weblink Protest against inclusion of Ahmediyyas in Muslim census, WEB,weblink Minority in a minority, As per 2011 census, six major faiths- Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains make up over 99.4% of India's 1.21 billion population, while "other religions, persuasions" (ORP) count is 8.2 million. Among the ORP faiths, six faiths- 4.957 million-strong Sarnaism, 1.026 million-strong Gond, 506,000-strong Sari, Donyi-Polo (302,000) in Arunachal Pradesh, Sanamahism (222,000) in Manipur, Khasi (138,000) in Meghalaya dominate.WEB,weblink Fewer minor faiths in India now, finds Census; number of their adherents up, Maharashtra is having the highest number of atheists in the country with 9,652 such people, followed by Kerala.WEB,weblink God versus Atheism, Bengal vouches for believers,
Population trends for major religious groups in India (1951–2011)
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="margin:auto;" style="text-align: center;"! Religiousgroup! Population % 1951! Population % 1961! Population % 1971! Population % 1981! Population % 1991! Population % 2001! Population % 2011WEB,weblink Population by religious community - 2011, Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, 2011 Census of India, 25 August 2015,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150825155850weblink">weblink 25 August 2015, ! style="background:orange;"| Hinduism| 79.80%! style="background:Green;"| Islam|14.23%! style="background:DodgerBlue;"| Christianity| 2.30%! style="background:yellow;"| Sikhism| 1.72%! style="background:Gold;"| Buddhism| 0.70%! style="background:Brown;"| Jainism| 0.37%! style="background:Wheat;"| Zoroastrianism| n/a! style="background:GreenYellow;"| Other religions / No religion| 0.9%{{clear}}

Language demographics

Hindi is the most widely spoken language in northern parts of India. The Indian census takes the widest possible definition of "Hindi" as a broad variety of "Hindi languages".WEB,weblink Abstract speakers languages India 2011, According to 2011 Census, 57.1% of Indian population know Hindi, in which 43.63% of Indian people have declared Hindi as their native language or mother tongue.WEB,weblink What India speaks: South Indian languages are growing, but not as fast as Hindi, WEB,weblink Surging Hindi, shrinking South Indian languages: Nine charts that explain the 2011 language census, The language data was released on 26 June 2018.WEB,weblink Hindi mother tongue of 44% in India, Bangla second most spoken, Bhili/Bhilodi was the most spoken unscheduled language with 10.4 million speakers, followed by Gondi with 2.9 million speakers. 96.71% of India's population speaks one of the 22 scheduled languages as their mother tongue in the 2011 census.The 2011 census report on bilingualism and trilingualism, which provides data on the two languages in order of preference in which a person is proficient other than the mother tongue, was released in September 2018.WEB,weblink C-17 POPULATION BY BILINGUALISM AND TRILINGUALISM, WEB,weblink After mother tongue, city more proficient in English, WEB,weblink C-18 POPULATION BY BILINGUALISM, TRILINGUALISM, AGE AND SEX, The number of bilingual speakers in India is 31.49 crore, which is 26% of the population in 2011.WEB,weblink Hindi migrants speaking Marathi rise to 60 lakh, 7% of Indian population is trilingual.WEB,weblink 52% of India's urban youth are now bilingual, 18% speak three languages, Hindi, Bengali speakers are India's least multilingual groups.WEB,weblink Hindi, Bengali speakers India's least multilingual groups, {| class="wikitable sortable"|+First, Second, and Third languages by number of speakers in India (2011 Census)!Language! First languagespeakersWEB,weblink Census of India: Comparative speaker's strength of Scheduled Languages-1951, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991 ,2001 and 2011, ORGI, !First languagespeakers as a percentageof total population! Second languagespeakers (in crores)! Third languagespeakers (in crores)! Total speakers (in crores)WEB,weblink How languages intersect in India, Hindustan Times, WEB,weblink How many Indians can you talk to?, !Total speakers as apercentage of totalpopulationHindi language>Hindi|52,83,47,193|43.63|13.9|2.4|69.2|57.10English language>English|2,59,678|0.02|8.3|4.6|12.9|10.60Bengali language>Bengali|9,72,37,669|8.30|0.9|0.1|10.7|8.90Marathi language>Marathi|8,30,26,680|7.09|1.3|0.3|9.9|8.20Telugu language>Telugu|8,11,27,740|6.93|1.2|0.1|9.5|7.80Tamil language>Tamil|6,90,26,881|5.89|0.7|0.1|7.7|6.30Gujarati language>Gujarati|5,54,92,554|4.74|0.4|0.1|6.0|5.00|Urdu|5,07,72,631|4.34|1.1|0.1|6.3|5.20|Kannada|4,37,06,512|3.73|1.4|0.1|5.9|4.94Odia language>Odia|3,75,21,324|3.20|0.5|0.03|4.3|3.56|Malayalam|3,48,38,819|2.97|0.05|0.02|3.3|3.28Punjabi language>Punjabi|3,31,24,726|2.83|0.33|0.03|3.7|3.56|Sanskrit|24,821|

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