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Technology

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is a markup language designed for creating web pages, that is, information presented on the World Wide Web. Defined as a simple “application” of SGML, which is used by organizations with complex publishing requirements, HTML was an Internet standard maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The...


Technology

A blog or weblog is a website of periodic posts in a common webspace. The individual posts share a particular theme and a single, or small group of, bloggers. The totality of web logs and blog-related webs is usually called the Blogosphere. The format of web...


Topic Papers

All Rights Reserved © 1998-99 M.R.M. ParrottThe chapter discussed below first appeared as a series of internet discussion posts on Usenet, in 1998-99, and is the final chapter of “Synthetic A Priori”, by M.R.M. Parrott. Take the Objectivist Challenge! Download and read the linked...


History of Philosophy

Please contribute to this page Often overlooked, the time after the great ancient philosophers was rich with philosophical activity, rediscovery of ancient writing, and challenges to tradition. Hellenistic Philosophers - Cicero Zeno of Citium Epictetus Epicurus Lucretius Empedocles The Neo-Platonists: Ammonius...


Technology

__NOTOC__ Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML), or simply XTML, is an SGML markup language that has the same expressive possibilites as HTML, but conforms to the XML standard which is more strict. XHTML has been recommended...


History of Philosophy

Western Philosophy is a line of related philosophical thinking, beginning in Ancient Greece, and including the predominant philosophical thinking of Europe and its former colonies up to the present day. The concept of philosophy itself...


Information Theory

This article provides an informal introduction to several core ideas. For a more complete account see information theory. Semiotic information theory considers the information content of signs and expressions as it is conceived within the semiotic or sign-relational framework developed by Charles Sanders Peirce. Once over...


Biographies

Baruch Benedict de Spinoza (24 Nov 1632 - 21 Feb 1677) was a Dutch philosopher of a Portuguese Jewish family, whose controversial metaphysical ideas led to cherem (removal) against him from Jewish Society, and his works were banned by the Vatican. Despite his considerable scientific aptitude, the breadth and importance of Spinoza’s work was...


Philosophy

Ethics (from the Ancient Greek ethikos, the adjective of ethos, “custom, habit”), is a major branch of Philosophy and the study of Value Theory, Customs and Morality of a person or group. It covers the analysis and employment of concepts such as Right and Wrong, Good and Evil, and moral responsibility...


Philosophical Studies

The philosophy of science is the branch of philosophy which deals with the study of science (in the sense of “natural science”). The philosophy of science is closely related to epistemology. It seeks to explain such things as the nature of scientific statements, the way in which they are produced,...


Philosophy

Metaphysics is a difficult branch of Philosophy, but is rather easy to define: It is the study of the most fundamental concepts and beliefs about them. Examples of metaphysical concepts are Being, Existence, Purpose, Universals, Property, Relation, Causality, Space, Time, Event, and...


Culture

Wikinfo was inspired by Fred Bauder in 2003, based on Pseudopedia, but differed in that articles were to be written from a “Sympathetic Point of View” (SPOV). From January, 2004 to March, 2007, it ran and helped fuel development of the GetWiki collaboration software. Once again using Pseudopedian software to power the site, the XML-based importing of Pseudopedia content...


Logic

In logic and mathematics, relation reduction and relational reducibility have to do with the extent to which a given relation is determined by an indexed family or a sequence of other relations, called the relation dataset. The relation under examination is called the reductandum. The relation dataset typically consists of a specified relation over...


History of Philosophy

Gnosticism is a blanket term for various religions and sects most prominent in the first few centuries A.D. Many elements of second-century gnosticsm are pre-Christian. The name of gnosticism comes from the Greek word for knowledge, gnosis (??????), referring to the idea that there is special, hidden knowledge (esoteric knowledge) that only a few may possess. The...


Logic

In logic and mathematics, a tacit extension is in formal respects the simplest or the logically least committal of the several possible set operations that are inverse to the set-theoretic operation of projection. See also- Cartesian product Inverse relation Projection (set theory) ...


Software

OpenOffice.org is a free office suite of applications available for many different operating systems including Linux, Microsoft Windows, Solaris, OpenVMS, IRIX and Mac OS X. It supports the OpenDocument standard for data interchange. OpenOffice.org is based on StarOffice, an office suite developed by...


Logic

For other uses, see Negation (disambiguation) In logic and mathematics, negation is an operation on logical values, for example, the logical value of a proposition, that sends true to false and false to true. Definition- Logical negation is an operation on one logical value, typically the value of a...


Technology

Web syndication is a form of syndication in which a section of a website is made available for other sites to use. This could be simply by licensing the content so that other people can use it; however, in general, web syndication refers to making Web feeds available from a site in order to provide...


Culture

WikiSphere, like “Blogosphere” (or “BlogoSphere”), refers to the collection of all Wikis on the internet, and may be used in CamelCase form. GetWiki is a part of the WikiSphere, as is MeatballWiki, CommunityWiki, and many, many, many others. A number of WikiTerms are commonly used in the WikiSphere, just as in many subcultures. These terms have fairly obvious meanings -...


Information Theory

This article develops the theory of relations in regard to its specifically combinatorial aspects. For a general discussion of the basic definitions, see the articles on binary relations and relations in mathematics. Relations fall into various types according to their specific properties, often as expressed in the axioms or...


Technology

Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is a form of real-time InternetInternet or synchronous conferencing. It is mainly designed for group (many-to-many) communication in discussion forums called channels, but also allows one-to-one communication and data transfers via IM (private message). IRC was created by Jarkko Oikarinen in late August 1988 to replace a program called MUT...


Culture

ibiblio (formerly SunSITE and MetaLab) is a digital library and archive project run jointly by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the Center for the Public Domain. It is a “collection of collections”, and hosts a diverse range of publicly available information and open source software. It also offers streaming audio radio stations. Unless otherwise...


Science

Again, in a ship, if a man were at liberty to do what he chose, but were devoid of mind and excellence in navigation (αρετης κυβερνητικης), do you perceive what must happen to him and his fellow sailors? (Plato, Alcibiades, 135A). Cybernetics is the study of Communication and Control...


Technology

Metadata (: meta-+ : data “information”), literally “data about data”, is information that describes another set of data. A common example is a card, which contains data about the contents and location of a book: It is data about the data in the book referred to by the card. Other common contents...


Technology

The Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative work available for others legally to build upon and share. The organization has released several copyright licenses known as Creative Commons Licenses. These licenses, depending on the one chosen, restrict only certain...

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