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unitary state
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File:Map of unitary and federal states.svg|thumb|upright=1.7|{{legend|#0000b0;|Unitary states}}{{legend|#00e000;|Federal states}}]]A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme. The central government may create (or abolish) administrative divisions (sub-national units).WEB,weblink What is a Unitary State?, WorldAtlas, 2019-02-22, Such units exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to regional or local governments by statute, the central government may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail (or expand) their powers. A large majority of the world's states (166 of the 193 UN member states) have a unitary system of government.WEB,weblink Democracy, 2015-11-20, www.un.org, 2019-02-22, Unitary states stand in contrast with federations, also known as federal states. In federations, the provincial governments share powers with the central government as equal actors through a written constitution, to which the consent of both is required to make amendments. This means that the sub-national units have a right of existence and powers that cannot be unilaterally changed by the central government.JOURNAL, Ghai, Yash, Regan, Anthony J., September 2006, Unitary state, devolution, autonomy, secession: State building and nation building in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, The Round Table, 95, 386, 589–608, 10.1080/00358530600931178, 0035-8533, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is an example of a unitary state. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have a degree of autonomous devolved power, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution (England does not have any devolved power). Similarly in the Kingdom of Spain, the devolved powers are delegated through the central government.Devolution within a unitary state, like federalism may be symmetrical, with all sub-national units having the same powers and status, or asymmetric, with sub-national units varying in their powers and status. Many unitary states have no areas possessing a degree of autonomy.NEWS,weblink unitary system {{!, government |work=Encyclopedia Britannica |access-date=2017-08-11}} In such countries, sub-national regions cannot decide their own laws. Examples are Romania, the Republic of Ireland and the Kingdom of Norway.Svalbard has even less autonomy than the mainland. It is directly controlled by the government and has no local rule.(File:The pathway of regional integration or separation.png|thumb|upright=2.7|The pathway of regional integration or separation)File:Territorial organization of European countries.svg|thumb|Territorial organization of some European countries. Among European Union states, Austria, Belgium and GermanyGermany{{Forms of government}}

List of unitary republics and unitary kingdoms

Italics: States with limited recognition from other sovereign states or intergovernmental organizations.

Unitary republics

{{Div col |colwidth=17em}}
  • {{flag|Afghanistan}}
  • {{flag|Albania}}
  • {{flag|Algeria}}
  • {{flag|Angola}}
  • {{flag|Armenia}}
  • {{flag|Azerbaijan}}
  • {{flag|Bangladesh}}
  • {{flag|Belarus}}
  • {{flag|Benin}}
  • {{flag|Bolivia}}
  • {{flag|Botswana}}
  • {{flag|Bulgaria}}
  • {{flag|Burkina Faso}}
  • {{flag|Burundi}}
  • {{flag|Cameroon}}
  • {{flag|Cape Verde}}
  • {{flag|Central African Republic}}
  • {{flag|Chad}}
  • {{flag|Chile}}
  • {{flag|People's Republic of China}} BOOK, China Transformed: Historical Change and the Limits of European Experience, Cornell University Press, Roy Bin Wong,
  • {{flag|Republic of China (Taiwan)}}
  • {{flag|Colombia}}
  • {{flag|Democratic Republic of the Congo}}
  • {{flag|Republic of the Congo}}
  • {{flag|Costa Rica}}
  • {{flag|Croatia}}
  • {{flag|Cuba}}
  • {{flag|Cyprus}}
  • {{flag|Czech Republic}}
  • {{flag|Djibouti}}
  • {{flagcountry|Dominica|name=Commonwealth of Dominica}}
  • {{flag|Dominican Republic}}
  • {{flag|East Timor}}
  • {{flag|Ecuador}}
  • {{flag|Egypt}}
  • {{flag|El Salvador}}
  • {{flag|Equatorial Guinea}}
  • {{flag|Eritrea}}
  • {{flag|Estonia}}
  • {{flag|Fiji}}
  • {{flag|Finland}}
  • {{flag|France}}
  • {{flag|Gabon}}
  • {{flag|The Gambia}}
  • {{flag|Georgia}}
  • {{flag|Ghana}}
  • {{flag|Greece}}
  • {{flag|Guatemala}}
  • {{flag|Guinea}}
  • {{flag|Guinea-Bissau}}
  • {{flag|Guyana}}
  • {{flag|Haiti}}
  • {{flag|Honduras}}
  • {{flag|Hungary}}
  • {{flag|Iceland}}
  • {{flag|Indonesia}} (federation 1949–1950)
  • {{flag|Iran}}
  • {{flag|Ireland}}
  • {{flag|Israel}}
  • {{flag|Italy}}
  • {{flag|Ivory Coast}}
  • {{flag|Kazakhstan}}
  • {{flag|Kenya}}
  • {{flag|Kiribati}}
  • {{flag|North Korea}}
  • {{flag|South Korea}}
  • {{flag|Kosovo}}
  • {{flag|Kyrgyzstan}}
  • {{flag|Laos}}
  • {{flag|Latvia}}
  • {{flag|Lebanon}}
  • {{flag|Liberia}}
  • {{flag|Libya}}
  • {{flag|Lithuania}}
  • {{flag|Luhansk People's Republic}}
  • {{flag|North Macedonia}}
  • {{flag|Madagascar}}
  • {{flag|Malawi}}
  • {{flag|Maldives}}
  • {{flag|Mali}}
  • {{flag|Malta}}
  • {{flag|Marshall Islands}}
  • {{flag|Mauritania}}
  • {{flag|Mauritius}}
  • {{flag|Moldova}}
  • {{flag|Mongolia}}
  • {{flag|Montenegro}}
  • {{flag|Mozambique}}
  • {{flag|Myanmar}}
  • {{flag|Namibia}}
  • {{flag|Nauru}}
  • {{flag|Nicaragua}}
  • {{flag|Niger}}
  • {{flag|Northern Cyprus}}
  • {{flag|Palau}}
  • {{flag|Palestine}}
  • {{flag|Panama}}
  • {{flag|Paraguay}}
  • {{flag|Peru}}
  • {{flag|Philippines}}
  • {{flag|Poland}}
  • {{flag|Portugal}}
  • {{flag|Romania}}
  • {{flag|Rwanda}}
  • {{flag|Samoa}}
  • {{flag|San Marino}}
  • {{flag|São Tomé and Príncipe}}
  • {{flag|Senegal}}
  • {{flag|Serbia}}
  • {{flag|Seychelles}}
  • {{flag|Sierra Leone}}
  • {{flag|Singapore}}
  • {{flag|Slovakia}}
  • {{flag|Slovenia}}
  • {{flag|Somaliland}}
  • {{flag|South Africa}}
  • {{flag|Sri Lanka}}
  • {{flag|Suriname}}
  • {{flag|Syria}}
  • {{flag|Tajikistan}}
  • {{flag|Tanzania}}
  • {{flag|Togo}}
  • {{flag|Transnistria}}
  • {{flag|Trinidad and Tobago}}
  • {{flag|Tunisia}}
  • {{flag|Turkey}}
  • {{flag|Turkmenistan}}
  • {{flag|Uganda}}
  • {{flag|Ukraine}}
  • {{flag|Uruguay}}
  • {{flag|Uzbekistan}}
  • {{flag|Vanuatu}}
  • {{flag|Vietnam}}
  • {{flag|Yemen}}
  • {{flag|Zambia}}
  • {{flag|Zimbabwe}}
{{Div col end}}

Unitary monarchies

{{Div col |colwidth=17em}}
  • {{flag|Andorra}}
  • {{flag|Antigua and Barbuda}}
  • {{flag|Bahrain}}
  • {{flag|The Bahamas}}
  • {{flag|Barbados}}
  • {{flag|Belize}}
  • {{flag|Bhutan}}
  • {{flag|Brunei}}
  • {{flag|Cambodia}}
  • {{flag|Denmark}}
  • {{flag|Eswatini}}
  • {{flag|Grenada}}
  • {{flag|Gibraltar}}
  • {{flag|Jamaica}}
  • {{flag|Japan}}
  • {{flag|Jordan}}
  • {{flag|Kuwait}}
  • {{flag|Lesotho}}
  • {{flag|Liechtenstein}}
  • {{flag|Luxembourg}}
  • {{flag|Monaco}}
  • {{flag|Morocco}}
  • {{flag|Netherlands}}
  • {{flag|New Zealand}}WEB,weblink Story: Nation and government – From colony to nation, ManatÅ« Taonga Ministry for Culture and Heritage, The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 29 August 2013, 19 April 2014,
  • {{flag|Norway}}
  • {{flag|Oman}}
  • {{flag|Papua New Guinea}}
  • {{flag|Qatar}}
  • {{flag|Saint Lucia}}
  • {{flag|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines}}
  • {{flag|Saudi Arabia}}
  • {{flag|Solomon Islands}}
  • {{flag|Spain}}
  • {{flag|Sweden}}
  • {{flag|Thailand}}
  • {{flag|Tonga}}
  • {{flag|Tuvalu}}
  • {{flag|United Kingdom}}WEB,weblink Social policy in the UK, Robert Gordon University – Aberdeen Business School, An introduction to Social Policy, 19 April 2014, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140704080747weblink">weblink 4 July 2014,
  • {{flag|Vatican City}}
{{Div col end}}

See also

References

{{reflist}}

External links



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