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short ton
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The short ton is a unit of mass equal to 2,000 pounds-mass (907.18474 kg). The unit is most commonly used in the United States where it is known simply as the ton.WEB
, NIST Handbook 44 Specifications: Handbook 44 â€“ 2013 Appendix C â€“ General Tables of Units of Measurement
, C-6
, April 26, 2006
, October 13, 2008
, 20 hundredweights = 1 ton
, The short ton sometimes describes force. One short-ton contains 2,000 pounds-mass, which converted into slugs and multiplied by one standard gravity applies a weight of 2,000 pounds-force as per Newton's second law of motion.

United States

{{anchor|United States}}In the United States, a short ton is usually known simply as a "ton", without distinguishing it from the tonne ({{convert|1000|kg|lb|5|disp=or}}), known there as the "metric ton", or the long ton also known as the "Imperial ton" ({{convert|2240|lb|kg|7|disp=or}}). There are, however, some U.S. applications where unspecified tons normally means long tons (for example, naval ships)WEB
, Naval Architecture for All
, United States Bureau of Transportation Statistics
, October 13, 2008
,
or metric tons (world grain production figures).
Both the long and short ton are defined as 20 hundredweights, but a hundredweight is {{convert|100|lb|kg|6}} in the U.S. system (short or net hundredweight) and {{convert|112|lb|kg|6}} in the imperial system (long or gross hundredweight).A short tonâ€“force is {{convert|2000|lb-f|N|9|lk=on}}.

United Kingdom

{{Unsourced section|date=February 2017}}In the United Kingdom, short tons are rarely used. The word "ton" is taken to refer to a long ton, and metric tons are distinguished by the "tonne" spelling. Most Commonwealth countries followed British practice with the exception of Canada, which used short tons as well as long tons. Canada now predominantly uses metric tons (tonnes).

• Long ton, {{convert|2240|lb|kg|7|abbr=on}}
• Ton
• Tonne, also known as a metric ton (t), equal to {{convert|1000|kg|lb|7|abbr=on}} or {{convert|1000|kg|Mg|abbr=off|0|disp=output only}}
• Tonnage, volume measurement used in maritime shipping, originally based on {{convert|100|cuft|5}}.

References

{{reflist}}

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