SUPPORT THE WORK

GetWiki

retroflex flap

ARTICLE SUBJECTS
aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE TYPES
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE ORIGINS
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
retroflex flap
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{short description|Consonantal sound}}







factoids
The retroflex flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is {{angbr IPA|ɽ}}, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is r`.

Features

Features of the retroflex flap:{{flap}}{{retroflex}}{{voiced}}{{oral}}{{central articulation}}{{pulmonic}}

Occurrence{| class"wikitable"

! colspan="2" | Language !! Word !! IPA !! Meaning !! Notes
Bengali language{{Harvcoltxt>Mazumdarp=57}}Bengali alphabet>গাড়ি[ɡäɽiː]}}| 'car'| Apical postalveolar. See Bengali phonology
Dutch language{{Harvcoltxt>Goeman2001Verstraten2001|pp=50–51, 53–55}}North Brabant{{Harvcoltxt>Goeman2001|p=107}} {{IPA|[ɽim]}} 'belt' A rare word-initial variant of {{IPAGoeman2001Verstraten2001/r/}} varies considerably among dialects. See Dutch phonology
Verstraten2001|p=54}}
Elfdalian| luv[ɽʏːv]}}| 'permission'|
Enga[jɑɽɑ]}}| 'shame'|
Gokana languageHTTP://WWW.JOURNALOFWESTAFRICANLANGUAGES.ORG/FILES/PDF/01-1/JWAL-01-1-BROSNAHAN.PDF AUTHOR=L.F. BROSNAHAN URL-STATUS=DEAD ARCHIVEDATE=2013-04-03, | bele[bēɽē]}}| 'we'/l/}}, medially between vowels within the morpheme, and finally in the morpheme before a following vowel in the same word. It can be a Alveolar trill or simply {{IPAblink>l}} instead.
Hausa[bəɽä]}}| 'servant'ر}}
Hindustani language{{Harvcoltxt>Tiwarip=?}}[bəɽäː]}}| 'big'| Apical postalveolar; contrasts unaspirated and aspirated forms. See Hindustani phonology
Japanese language{{Harvcoltxt>Okadap=118}}{{Harvcoltxt2008Labrunep=92}}kokoro[ko̞ko̞ɾ̠o̞]}}| 'heart'ɾ}} instead. See Japanese phonology
Nepali language{{Harvcoltxt>Khatiwadap=377}}[bʱäɽä]}}| 'rent'/ɖ, ɖʱ/}}.{{Harvcoltxt2009|p=374}} See Nepali phonology
NorwegianHeidepp=3–44}} {{IPA|[bɽɑː]}} 'leaf' Allophone of {{IPA/r/}}. In Urban East Norwegian it often alternates with the alveolar {{IPAblinkKristoffersenp=24}} See Norwegian phonology
| Eastern dialects
PortugueseEuropean Portuguese>European speakersLista das marcas dialetais e ouros fenómenos de variação (fonética e fonológica) identificados nas amostras do Arquivo Dialetal do CLUP {{pt icon}}[fəˈläɽ]}}| 'to speak' Allophone of {{IPAslink|ɾ}}. See Portuguese phonology
Brazilian Portuguese>Brazilian caipira speakers{{pt icon}} Acoustic-phonetic characteristics of the Brazilian Portuguese's retroflex /r/: data from respondents in Pato Branco, Paraná. Irineu da Silva Ferraz. Pages 19–21{{pt icon}} Syllable coda /r/ in the "capital" of the paulista hinterland: sociolinguistic analisis. Cândida Mara Britto LEITE. Page 111 (page 2 in the attached PDF)[mɐˈdeɽə]}}| 'wood'
Central-West Region, Brazil>sertanejo speakers{{pt icon}} Rhotic consonants in the speech of three municipalities of Rio de Janeiro: Petrópolis, Itaperuna and Paraty. Pages 22 and 23.{{IPA|[ɡäɽɡɐˈʎäɽ]}}}}| 'to chortle'
PunjabiGurmukhi>ਘੋੜਾ[kòːɽɑ̀ː]}}| 'horse'|
Shipibo language{{Harvcoltxt>ValenzuelaMaddiesonp=282}}| ?[ˈɽo̽ɽo̽]}}| 'to break'/r/}}.
Swedish language>Swedish| Some dialects[bɽɑː(d)]}}| 'leaf'l}}. See Swedish phonology
Warlpiri| jarda[caɽa]}}| 'sleep'/ɽ/}} as rd.

See also

Notes

{{reflist}}

References

  • {{citation|last1=Goeman|first1=Ton|last2=van de Velde|first2=Hans/r/}} and {{IPA|/É£/}} in Dutch dialects|pages=91–112|editor-last2=van Hout|editor-first2=Roeland|editor-last1=van de Velde|editor-first1=Hans|year=2001|title='r-atics|publisher=Etudes & Travaux|place=Brussels|issn=0777-3692|chapter-url=https://www.researchgate.net/publication/254818745
}}
  • {{citation|last=Heide|first=Eldar|year=2010|title=Tjukk l – Retroflektert tydeleggjering av kort kvantitet. Om kvalitetskløyvinga av det gamle kvantitetssystemet.|journal=Maal og Minne|volume=1 |publisher=Novus forlag|url=https://www.academia.edu/2401067
}} }}
  • {hide}citation|last=Kristoffersen|first=Gjert|authorlink=Gjert Kristoffersen|year=2000|title=The Phonology of Norwegian|publisher=Oxford University Press|isbn=978-0-19-823765-5
{edih}
  • {hide}citation|last=Labrune|first=Laurence|year=2012|title=The Phonology of Japanese|publisher=Oxford University Press|place=Oxford, England|isbn=978-0-19-954583-4
{edih}
  • {hide}citation|last=Mazumdar|first=Bijaychandra|title=The history of the Bengali language|date=2000|orig-year=First published 1920|location=New Delhi|publisher=Asian Educational Services|isbn=8120614526
{edih}
  • {{citation|last=Okada|first=Hideo|year=1999|chapter=Japanese|editor=International Phonetic Association|title=Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet|pages=117–119|publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=978-0-52163751-0|chapter-url=https://archive.org/details/rosettaproject_jpn_phon-2
}}
  • {hide}citation|last=Tiwari|first=Bholanath|year=2004|orig-year=First published 1966|title=HindÄ« Bhāshā|place=Kitāb Mahal|publisher=Kitāb Mahal|isbn=81-225-0017-X
{edih}
  • {{citation|last1=Valenzuela|first1=Pilar M.|last2=Márquez Pinedo|first2=Luis|last3=Maddieson|first3=Ian|year=2001|title=Shipibo|journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association|volume=31|issue=2|pages=281–285|url=https://www.researchgate.net/publication/40852342|doi=10.1017/S0025100301002109
}}
  • {{citation|last=Vance|first=Timothy J.|year=2008|title=The Sounds of Japanese|publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=978-0-5216-1754-3
}}
  • {hide}citation|last1=Verstraten|first1=Bart|last2=van de Velde|first2=Hans
/r/{edih} in standard Dutch|pages=45–61|editor-last2=van Hout|editor-first2=Roeland|editor-last1=van de Velde|editor-first1=Hans|year=2001|title='r-atics|publisher=Etudes & Travaux|place=Brussels|issn=0777-3692|chapter-url=https://www.researchgate.net/publication/254818745}}

External links

  • {{phoible|ɽ}}
{{IPA navigation}}{{LetterR}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "retroflex flap" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 7:17pm EDT - Sun, Oct 13 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
GETWIKI 09 JUL 2019
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
GETWIKI 09 MAY 2016
GETWIKI 18 OCT 2015
M.R.M. Parrott
Biographies
GETWIKI 20 AUG 2014
GETWIKI 19 AUG 2014
CONNECT