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probainognathia

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probainognathia
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please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
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{{Automatic taxobox| taxon= Probainognathia
Middle Triassic|Holocene}}| image = Belesodon magnificus.JPGChiniquodon > Chiniquodon theotonicus in the Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart| subdivision_ranks = Subgroups| subdivision = }}The probainognathians are members of one of the two major clades of the infraorder Eucynodontia, the other being Cynognathians. The earliest forms were carnivorous and insectivorous, though some species eventually also evolved herbivorous traits. The earliest and most basal Probainognathian is Lumkuia, from South Africa. Three groups survived the extinction at the end of Triassic: the Tritheledontidae and Tritylodontidae, who both survived until the Jurassic—the latter possibly even into the Cretaceous (Xenocretosuchus)—and Mammaliaformes, who gave rise to the mammals.The slow and fast steps to becoming a mammal

Classification

Taxonomy

missing image!
- Madagascar probainognathian.jpg -
Partial skeleton of an unidentified probainognathian from Madagascar in the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago
Family EcteniniidaeFamily LumkuiidaeSuperfamily Chiniquodontoidea*Family Chiniquodontidae*Family Tritheledontidae*Family Probainognathidae*(unranked) Prozostrodontia**Prozostrodon **Family Brasilodontidae**Family Dromatheriidae**Family Therioherpetidae**Family Tritylodontidae**(unranked) Mammaliaformes***Class Mammalia

Phylogeny

Below is a cladogram from Ruta, Botha-Brink, Mitchell and Benton (2013) showing one hypothesis of cynodont relationships:JOURNAL, Ruta, M., Botha-Brink, J., Mitchell, S. A., Benton, M. J., The radiation of cynodonts and the ground plan of mammalian morphological diversity, 10.1098/rspb.2013.1865, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280, 1769, 20131865, 2013, 23986112, 3768321, {hide}clade| style=font-size:85%;line-height:85%|label1=Cynodontia |1={{clade
|1=Charassognathus
|2={{clade
|1={{clade
|1=Dvinia
|2=Procynosuchus{edih}
|label2=Epicynodontia
|2={{clade
|1=Cynosaurus
|2={{clade
|1={{clade
|1=Galesaurus
|2=Progalesaurus}}
|2={{clade
|1={{clade
|1=Nanictosaurus
|2=Thrinaxodon}}
|2={{clade
|1=Platycraniellus
|label2=Eucynodontia
|2={{clade
|1=Cynognathia
|label2=Probainognathia
|2={{clade
|1=Lumkuia
|2={{clade
|1=Ecteninion
|2={{clade
|1={{clade
|1=Aleodon
|2=Chiniquodon}}
|2={{clade
|1=Probainognathus
|2={{clade
|1=Trucidocynodon
|2={{clade
|1=Therioherpeton
|2={{clade
|label1=Tritheledontidae
|1={{clade
|1=Riograndia
|2={{clade
|1={{clade
|1=Chaliminia
|2=Elliotherium}}
|2={{clade
|1=Diarthrognathus
|2=Pachygenelus}} }} }}
|2={{clade
|label1=Brasilodontidae
|1={{clade
|1=Brasilitherium
|2=Brasilodon}}
|2={{clade
|label1=Tritylodontidae
|1={{clade
|1=Oligokyphus
|2={{clade
|1=Kayentatherium
|2={{clade
|1=Tritylodon
|2=Beinotherium}} }} }}
|label2=Mammaliaformes
|2={hide}clade
|1=Sinoconodon
|2=Morganucodon
{edih} }} }} }} }} }} }} }} }} }} }} }} }} }} }} }} }} }}

See also

References

{{Reflist}}{{Cynodontia|P.}}{{Taxonbar|from=Q950661}}


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- "probainognathia" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
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