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pejorative
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{{Redirect|Name slur |other uses of slur |Slur (disambiguation)}}A pejorative (also called a derogatory term,WEB,weblink Definition of derogatory, Merriam Webster, 2 May 2015, a slur, a term of abuse, or a term of disparagement) is a word or grammatical form expressing a negative connotation or a low opinion of someone or something, showing a lack of respect for someone or something.WEB,weblink Pejorative | Define Pejorative at Dictionary.com, Dictionary.reference.com, 2012-04-25, It is also used to express criticism, hostility, or (wikt:disregard|disregard). A term can be regarded as pejorative in some social or cultural groups but not in others. Sometimes, a term may begin as a pejorative and eventually be adopted in a non-pejorative sense (or vice versa) in some or all contexts.Name slurs can also involve an insulting or disparaging innuendo,WEB,weblink Slur - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary, Merriam-webster.com, 2012-04-25, rather than being a direct pejorative. In some cases, a person's name can be redefined with an unpleasant or insulting meaning, or be applied to a group of people considered by anyone to be inferior or lower in social class, as a group label with a disparaging meaning.

Etymology

According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word pejorative is derived from a Late Latin past participle stem of peiorare, meaning "to make worse", from peior "worse".WEB, Pejorative (adj.),weblink Online Etymology Dictionary, October 16, 2016,

Melioration

When a term begins as pejorative and eventually is adopted in a non-pejorative sense, this is called "melioration" in historical linguistics. It may also be called amelioration, reclaiming, or semantic change.JOURNAL,weblink Croom, Adam M., Slurs, Language Sciences, 33, 3, May 2011, 343–358, 10.1016/j.langsci.2010.11.005, Some examples of melioration are "punk", "dude" and "nerd".

See also

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Notes

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Further reading

External links

{{Wiktionary|pejorative|derisive|derogatory|dyslogistic}}
    • IEP, pejorati, Pejorative Language,


- content above as imported from Wikipedia
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- time: 8:56am EST - Sun, Dec 16 2018
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