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{{short description|Greek and Roman mythological creature}}{{About|the creatures of Greek mythology}}

A nymph ( nýmphē, (Attic Greek|Ancient:) {{IPA-el|nýmpʰɛː|}} (Modern Greek|Modern:) {{IPA-el|nífi|}}) in Greek mythology is a supernatural being associated with many other minor female deities that are often associated with the air, seas, woods, or water, or particular locations or landforms. Different from Greek goddesses, nymphs are more generally regarded as divine spirits who animate or maintain Nature (natural forces reified and considered as a sentient being) for the environments where they live, and are usually depicted as beautiful, young graceful maidens. They were not necessarily immortal, but lived many years before they died.WEB, Genealogical Guide to Greek Mythology : Nymphs, 1997first1=Carlosfirst2=Maicar,weblink Astrom Editions, 25 May 2019, They are often divided into various broad subgroups, such as Aurai (winds), Hesperides (evening and sunsets), Nereides (seas), Naiades or (rivers and streams), Oceanids (water), DryadesBOOK, Graves, Robert, Robert Graves, 1990, 1955, The Greek Myths, 2, 86.2publisher=Penguin Books, 978-0-14-001026-8,weblink (trees and forests) or Alseids (groves and glens.)Nymphs often feature in many classic works of art, literature, mythology and in fiction. Since medieval times, nymphs are sometimes popularly associated, or even confused, with the mythical or spiritual fairies.


{{wiktionary|νύμφη}}The Greek word has the primary meaning of "young woman; bride, young wife" but is not usually associated with deities in particular. Yet the etymology of the noun remains uncertain. The Doric and Aeolic (Homeric) form is .Modern usage more often applies to young women at the peak of their attractiveness, contrasting with parthenos () "a virgin (of any age)", and generically as kore ( < ) "maiden, girl". The term is sometimes used by (human) women to address each other and remains the regular Modern Greek term for "bride".{{Greek myth (nymph)}}

Ancient Greek mythology

Nymphs were sometimes beloved by many and dwell in most specific areas related to the natural environment. e.g. mountainous regions and forests by springs or rivers. Other nymphs, mostly appeared in the shape of young maidens, were part of the retinue of a god, such as Dionysus, Hermes, or Pan, or a goddess, generally the huntress Artemis.JOURNAL, Larson, Jennifer, 1997, Handmaidens of Artemis?, The Classical Journal, 92, 3, 249–257, 3298110, The Greek nymphs were also spirits invariably bound to places, not unlike the Latin genius loci, and sometimes this produced complicated myths like cult of Arethusa to Sicily. In some of the works of the Greek-educated Latin poets, the nymphs gradually absorbed into their ranks the indigenous Italian divinities of springs and streams (Juturna, Egeria, Carmentis, Fontus), while the Lymphae (originally Lumpae), Italian water-goddesses, owing to the accidental similarity of their names, could be identified with the Greek Nymphae. The classical mythologies of the Roman poets were unlikely to have affected the rites and cults of individual nymphs venerated by country people in the springs and clefts of Latium. Among the Roman literate class, their sphere of influence was restricted, and they appear almost exclusively as divinities of the watery element.{{cn|dated=February 2019|date=February 2019}}

Greek folk religion

The ancient Greek belief in nymphs survived in many parts of the country into the early years of the twentieth century, when they were usually known as "nereids".BOOK, Lawson, John Cuthbert, Modern Greek Folklore and Ancient Greek Religion, 1st, 1910, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 131, Often nymphs tended to frequent areas distant from humans but could be encountered by lone travelers outside the village, where their music might be heard, and the traveler could spy on their dancing or bathing in a stream or pool, either during the noon heat or in the middle of the night. They might appear in a whirlwind. Such encounters could be dangerous, bringing dumbness, besotted infatuation, madness or stroke to the unfortunate human. When parents believed their child to be nereid-struck, they would pray to Saint Artemidos."Heathen Artemis yielded her functions to her own genitive case transformed into Saint Artemidos", as Terrot Reaveley Glover phrased it in discussing the "practical polytheism in the worship of the saints", in Progress in Religion to the Christian Era1922:107.BOOK, Tomkinson, John L., Haunted Greece: Nymphs, Vampires and Other Exotika, 1st, 2004, Anagnosis, Athens, 978-960-88087-0-6, chapter 3, true, {{-}}

Nymphs and fairies

Nymphs often feature or are depicted in many classic works across art, literature, mythology and in fiction. They are often associated with the medieval romances or Renaissance literature of the elusive mythical or spiritual fairies or elves.BOOK, Kready, Laura, 1916, A Study of Fairy Tales >publisher=Houghton Mifflin Company url=, Fairies are believed to have mixed openly with the classical nymphs and satyrsKATHARINE MARY BRIGGS >LAST=BRIGGS YEAR=1976 LOCATION=NEW YORK CHAPTER=EUPHEMISTIC NAMES FOR FAIRIES ISBN=0-394-73467-X, , or sometimes even replacing the roles of the classical nymphs.

Modern reception

Sleeping nymph

A motif that entered European art during the Renaissance was the idea of a statue of a nymph sleeping in a grotto or spring.WEB, The Nymph of the Spring,weblink National Gallery of Art, 23 September 2016, BOOK, Stephen John Campbell, The Cabinet of Eros: Renaissance Mythological Painting and the Studiolo of Isabella D'Este,weblink 2004, Yale University Press, 978-0-300-11753-0, 95–6, BOOK, Maryan Wynn Ainsworth, Joshua P. Waterman, Dorothy Mahon, German Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1350-1600,weblink 2013, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 978-1-58839-487-3, 95–6, This motif supposedly came from an Italian report of a Roman sculpture of a nymph at a fountain above the River Danube.BOOK, Jay A. Levenson, National Gallery of Art (U.S.), Circa 1492: Art in the Age of Exploration,weblink 1991, Yale University Press, 978-0-300-05167-4, 260, The report, and an accompanying poem supposedly on the fountain describing the sleeping nymph, are now generally concluded to be a fifteenth-century forgery, but the motif proved influential among artists and landscape gardeners for several centuries after, with copies seen at neoclassical gardens such as the grotto at Stourhead.BOOK, Leonard Barkan, Unearthing the Past: Archaeology and Aesthetics in the Making of Renaissance Culture,weblink 1999, Yale University Press, 978-0-300-08911-0, 237–8, BOOK, Elisabeth B. MacDougall, Fountains, Statues, and Flowers: Studies in Italian Gardens of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries,weblink January 1994, Dumbarton Oaks, 978-0-88402-216-9, 37–56, BOOK, Kenneth Gross, The Dream of the Moving Statue,weblink 1992, Cornell University Press, 978-0-8014-2702-2, 170–175,


{{refimprove section|date=July 2018}}All the names for various classes of nymphs have plural feminine adjectives, most agreeing with the substantive numbers and groups of nymphai. There is no single adopted classification that could be seen as canonical and exhaustive.BOOK, Rose, Herbert Jennings, H. J. Rose, A Handbook of Greek Mythology, 1st, 1959, E. P. Dutton, New York, 978-0-525-47041-0, 173,weblink Some classes of nymphs tend to overlap, which complicates the task of precise classification. e.g. Dryads and hamadryads as nymphs of trees generally, meliai as nymphs of ash trees, and naiads as nymphs of water, but no others specifically.

By type of dwelling

The following is not the authentic Greek classification, but is intended simply as a guide:{| class="wikitable"|+Classification by type of dwelling!Type / Group / Individuals!Location!Relations and NotesCelestial nymphs|Aurae (breezes)|date=January 2018}}|Asteriae (stars)|Atlantides (daughters of Atlas (mythology)>Atlas)|1. Hesperides|Far West|nymphs of the sunset, the West, and the evening; daughters of Atlas; also had attributes of the HamadryadsAegle (mythology)>Aegle||Arethusa (mythology)>Arethusa||Erytheia (mythology)>Erytheia (or Eratheis)||Hesperides>Hesperia (or Hispereia)||Hyades (mythology)>Hyades (star cluster; sent rain)||Pleiades (Greek mythology)>Pleiades|Atlas (mythology)>Atlas and Pleione; constellation; also were classed as OreadsMaia (mythology)>Maia||partner of Zeus and mother of HermesElectra (Pleiad)>Electra|||• Taygete||Alcyone (Pleiades)>Alcyone|||• Celaeno||Sterope (Pleiad)>Asterope||Merope (Pleiades)>Merope|||Nephele (clouds)||Land nymphs|Alseides (groves)|||Auloniades (valley pastures, glens)|||Leimakides or Leimonides (meadows)|||Napaeae (dells)|||Oreads (mountains, grottoes), also Orodemniades||Wood and plant nymphs|Anthousai (flowers)|||Dryades (trees)|||Hamadryades or Hadryades||Daphnaie>Daphnaeae (laurel tree)|||2. Epimeliades or Epimelides (apple tree; also protected flocks)||other name variants include Meliades, Maliades and Hamameliades; same as these are also the Boucolai (Pastoral Nymphs)|3. Kissiae (ivy)|||4. Meliae (manna-ash tree)|||Hyleoroi (watchers of woods)||Water nymphs (Hydriades or Ephydriades)|Haliae (sea and seashores)|||1. Nereids (50 daughters of Nereus, the Mediterranean Sea)|||Naiads or Naides (fresh water)|||1. Crinaeae (fountains)|||2. Eleionomae (wetlands)|||3. Limnades or Limnatides (lakes)|||4. Pegaeae (springs)|||5. Potameides (rivers)||Tágides) (Tagus River)|||Oceanids|Oceanus and Tethys (mythology)>Tethys, any water, usually salty. see List of OceanidsUnderworld nymphs|Cocytiae||daughters of the river god Cocytus|Lampades||torch bearers in the retinue of Hecate|Underworld nymphs:|||• Orphne|Styx, the river of hatred, but is not to be confused with the goddess Styx-herself, but she is associated with both Styx and Nyx. She is the (wikt:consort>consort) of Acheron, (the god of the river in Hades), and the mother of Ascalaphus, (the orchardist of Hades).Leuce (mythology)>Leuce (white poplar tree)||lover of HadesMinthe (mentha>mint)||lover of Hades, rival of Persephone|• Melinoe|Orphic nymph, daughter of Persephone and "Zeus disguised as Pluto (mythology)>Pluto".Orphic Hymn 71. Her name is a possible epithet of Hecate.Other nymphs|Hecaterides (rustic dance)|Dactyl (mythology)>Dactyls, mothers of the Oreads and the Satyrs|Kabeirides||sisters of the Kabeiroi|Maenads or Bacchai or Bacchantes||frenzied nymphs in the retinue of Dionysus|1. Lenai (wine-press)|||2. Mimallones (music)|||3. Naides (Naiads)|||4. Thyiai or Thyiades (thyrsus bearers)|||Melissae (honey bees)||likely a subgroup of Oreades or EpimelidesMuse>The Muses (memory, knowledge, art)|||Themeides||daughters of Zeus and Themis, prophets and keepers of certain divine artifacts

By location

The following is a list of groups of nymphs associated with this or that particular location. Nymphs in such groupings could belong to any of the classes mentioned above (Naiades, Oreades, and so on).{| class="wikitable"|+Location-specific groupings of nymphs!Groups and Individuals!Location!Relations and Notes|Aeaean Nymphs|Aeaea Island|handmaidens of Circe|Aegaeides|Aegaeus River on the island of Scheria||Aesepides|Aesepus River in Anatolia||• Abarbarea|||Acheloides|Achelous River|Callirrhoe (daughter of Achelous)>Callirhoe, second wife of Alcmaeon|||AcmenesOlympia, Greece>Olympia, Elis||Amnisiades|Amnisos River on the island of Crete|entered the retinue of Artemis|Anigrides|Anigros River in Elis|believed to cure skin diseases|Asopides|Asopus River in Sicyonia and Boeotia|Aegina (mythology)>Aegina|Island of AeginaMenoetius (mythology)>Menoetius by Actor, and Aeacus by Zeus|• Asopis|||• Chalcis|Chalcis, EuboeaCuretes (tribe)>Curetes and Corybantes; perhaps the same as Combe and Euboea below|• CleoneArchaies Kleones>Cleonae, Argos|Combe (mythology)>Combe|Island of Euboea|consort of Socus and mother by him of the seven CorybantesCorcyra (mythology)>CorcyraCorfu>Corcyra|mother of Phaiax by PoseidonEuboea (mythology)>Euboea|Island of Euboea|abducted by Poseidon|• Gargaphia or Plataia or Oeroe|Plataea, Boeotia|carried off by Zeus|• HarmoniaThemiscyra (Pontus)>Themiscyra|mother of the Amazons by AresApollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, Book 2ARGONAUTICA BOOK 2|• HarpinaPisa, Greece>Pisa, Elis|mother of Oenomaus by AresIsmene (daughter of Asopus)>IsmeneThebes, Greece>Thebes, BoeotiaArgus (king of Argos)>Argus, eponymous king of Argus and thus, mother of Argus Panoptes and Iasus.|• Nemea|Nemea, Argolis|others called her the daughter of Zeus and Selene|• Ornea|Ornia, Sicyon|Pirene (mythology)>Peirene|Corinth|others called her father to be Oebalus or Achelous by Poseidon she became the mother of Lecheas and CenchriasSalamis (mythology)>SalamisSalamis Island>SalamisCychreus (mythology)>Cychreus by PoseidonSinope (mythology)>SinopeSinop, Turkey>Sinope, Anatolia|mother of Syrus by Apollo|• Tanagra|Tanagra, BoeotiaLeucippus (mythology)>Leucippus and Ephippus by PoemanderList of mythological figures named Thebe>Thebe|Thebes, BoeotiaAmphion and Zethus>Zethus and also said to have consorted with Zeus|• ThemisArcadia (ancient region)>ArcadiaHermes, called Evander of Pallene>Evander. Her son was the founder of the Pallantium. Pallantium became one of the cities that was merged later into the ancient Rome. Romans called her, Carmenta.Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities, 2.1|• ThespeiaThespiae>Thespia, Boeotia|abducted by Apollo|Astakides|Lake Astacus, BithyniaNicaea (mythology)>NicaeaNicaea (mythology)>Nicaea|||AsterionidesAsterion (god)>Asterion River, ArgosAsterion (god)>Asterion; nurses of the infant goddess Hera|• Acraea| ditto|Euboea (mythology)>Euboea| ditto||• Prosymna| ditto||Carian Naiades (Caria)|||• Salmacis|||Nymphs of Ceos||Corycian>Corycian Nymphs (Corycian Cave)Corycian Cave>Corycian cave, Delphi, Phocis|daughters of the river god Pleistos|• Kleodora (or Cleodora)Mount Parnassus>Mt. Parnassus, Phocis|mother of Parnassus by Poseidon|• Corycia|Corycian cave, Delphi, Phocis|mother of Lycoreus by Apollo|• Daphnis|||• Melaina| dittoDelphus>Delphos by Apollo|Cydnides|River Cydnus in Cilicia||Cyrenaean Nymphs|City of Cyrene, Libya||Cypriae Nymphs|Island of Cyprus||Cyrtonian Nymphs|Town of Cyrtone, Boeotia|Κυρτωνιαι|Deliades|Island of Delos|daughters of Inopus, god of the river Inopus|Dodonides|Oracle at Dodona||Erasinides|Erasinos River, Argos|daughters of the river god Erasinos; attendants of the goddess Britomartis.Anchiroe (mythology)>Anchiroe| ditto||• Byze| ditto|Britomartis>Maera| ditto|Melite (Greek mythology)>Melite| ditto||Nymphs of the river Granicus|||• Alexirhoe|||• Pegasis|||HeliadesEridanos (mythology)>Eridanos|daughters of Helios who were changed into trees|Himeriai Naiades|Local springs at the town of Himera, Sicily||HydaspidesJhelum River>Hydaspers River, India|nurses of infant Zagreus|Idaean NymphsMount Ida (Crete)>Mount Ida|nurses of infant Zeus|• Ida|||• Adrasteia|||InachidesInachos (river)>Inachos River, Argos|daughters of the river god InachusIo (mythology)>Io| ditto|mother of Epaphus by Zeus|• Amymone| ditto|Philodice (mythology)>Philodice| dittoLeucippus (mythology)>Leucippus of Messenia by whom she became the mother of Hilaeira, Phoebe (mythological characters) and possibly Arsinoe (Greek mythology)>Arsinoe|• Messeis| ditto||• Hyperia| ditto|Mycene (mythology)>Mycene| ditto|wife of Arestor and by him probably the mother of Argus Panoptes; eponym of Mycenae|IonidesWater deity>Kytheros River in Elis|daughters of the river god Cytherus|• Calliphaea| ditto||• Iasis| ditto||• Pegaea| ditto||• Synallaxis| ditto||Ithacian Nymphs|Local springs and caves on the island of Ithaca||LadonidesLadon (river)>Ladon River||Lamides or LamusidesLamos (Cilicia)>Lamos River in Cilicia|possible nurses of infant Dionysus|LeibethridesMount Helicon>Helicon and Leibethrios in Boeotia; or Mount Leibethros in Thrace)||• Libethrias|||• Petra|||Lelegeides|Lycia, Anatolia||Lycaean Nymphs|Mount Lycaeus|nurses of infant Zeus, perhaps a subgroup of the Oceanides|Melian Nymphs|Island of Melos|transformed into frogs by Zeus; not to be confused with the Meliae (ash tree nymphs|Mycalessides|Mount Mycale in Caria, Anatolia||Mysian Nymphs|Spring of Pegai near Lake Askanios in Bithynia|who abducted Hylas|• Euneica|||• Malis|||• Nycheia|||Naxian NymphsNaxos (island)>NaxosHyades (mythology)>Hyades|• Cleide|||• Coronis|||• Philia|||Neaerides|Thrinacia IslandHelios and Neaera (Greek mythology)>Neaera, watched over Helios' cattle|Nymphaeides|Nymphaeus River in Paphlagonia||NysiadsNysa (mythology)>NysaDionysos, identified with Hyades (mythology)>Hyades|Ogygian Nymphs|Island of OgygiaCalypso (mythology)>Calypso|Ortygian NymphsSyracuse, Sicily>Syracuse, Sicily|named for the island of Ortygia|Othreides|Mount Othrys|a local group of Hamadryads|Pactolides|Pactolus River||• Euryanassa, wife of Tantalus|||Pelionides|Mount Pelion|nurses of the Centaurs|Phaethonides||a synonym for the Heliades|PhaseidesRioni River>Phasis River||Rhyndacides|Rhyndacus River in Mysia||Sithnides|Fountain at the town of Megara||Spercheides|River Spercheios|one of them, Diopatra, was loved by Poseidon and the others were changed by him into trees|Sphragitides, or Cithaeronides|Mount Cithaeron||Tagids, Tajids, Thaejids or Thaegids|River Tagus in Portugal and Spain||ThessalidesPineios (Thessaly)>Peneus River in Thessaly||Thriae|Mount Parnassos|prophets and nurses of Apollo|Trojan Nymphs|Local springs of Troy|


The following is a selection of names of the nymphs whose class was not specified in the source texts. For lists of Naiads, Oceanids, Dryades etc. see respective articles.{| class="wikitable"|+Individual names of some of the nymphs!Names!Location!Relations and Notes|Alphesiboea|India|loved by Dionysus|Aora||eponym of the town Aoros in CreteStephanus of Byzantium s. v. Aōros|Areia|CreteMiletus by ApolloPseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca (Pseudo-Apollodorus)>Bibliotheca 3. 1. 2|Astyoche|Danaïdes, and the mother of Chrysippus (mythology)>Chrysippus by Pelops.Robert Graves. The Greek Myths, section 110 s.v. The Children of Pelops|Axioche or Danais|Chrysippus (mythology)>Chrysippus by Pelops|Brettia||eponym of Abrettene, MysiaStephanus of Byzantium s.v. Abrettēnē|Brisa||brought up the god DionysusSchol. ad Pers. Sat. i. 76.|Calybe|TroyBucolion, Laomedon>Laomedon'|Chalcea|Pseudo-Clement, Clementine Recognitions>Recognitions 10.21–23|Chania||a lover of Heracles|Chariclo||mother of Tiresias by Everes|Charidia||mother of Alchanus by ZeusChryse (mythology)>Chryse|Lemnos|fell in love with PhiloctetesHyginus, Fabulae, 102|Cirrha|Crissa>Cirrha in PhocisPausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 37. 5|Clymene||mother of Tlesimenes by Parthenopaeus|Cretheis||briefly mentioned in SudaSuda s. v. Kretheus|Crimisa|Krimisa>a city in ItalyStephanus of Byzantium s. v. Krimisa|Deiopea|Hera>Hera's nymphs who was promised to Aeolus|Dodone|Dodona|eponym of Dodona|Echemeia|Hyginus, consort of Merops (mythology)>MeropsEidothea (Greek myth)>EidotheaMount Othrys>Mt. Othrys|mother by Eusiros of CerambusAntoninus Liberalis. Metamorphoses, 22 vs Cerambus|Eunoe|Hecuba by Dymas (king of Phrygia)>Dymas|Eunoste|Boeotia (possibly)Eunostus (hero)>Eunostus|Euryte|AthensHalirrhothius by PoseidonBibliotheca (Pseudo-Apollodorus)>Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.14.2|Hegetoria|Rhodes|consort of OchimusHimalia (mythology)>Himalia||mother of Cronius, Spartaios, and Cytos by Zeus|Hyale||belongs to the train of Artemis|Hyllis|Argos|possible eponym of the tribe Hylleis and the city HylleStephanus of Byzantium s. v. Hylleis|Idaea|Crete|mother of CresStephanus of Byzantium s. v. Krētē and Asterion by ZeusIdaea (mother of King Teucer)>Idaea|Mt. Ida, Troad|mother of Teucer by Scamander|Ithome|Messenia|one of the nurses of ZeusLaodice (Greek myth)>Laodice|Argolis (possibly)|mother of Apis by Phoroneus|Leucophryne|Magnesia (possibly)|priestess of Artemis Leucophryne|Ligeia|||Linos||mother of Pelops by Atlas in some accountsRobert Graves. The Greek Myths, section 108 s.v. TantalusLotis (mythology)>Lotis||pursued by Priapus and was changed into a tree that bears her name|Ma||nymph in the suite of Rhea who nursed Zeus|Melanippe|Attica (possibly)Itonus, son of Amphictyon.Pausanias (geographer)>Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 1. 1|Melissa||discovered and taught the use of honey; nuse of Zeus|Mendeis|Sithon (mythology)>Sithon|Menodice||daughter of Orion and mother of Hylas by Theiodamas|Myrmex|AtticaAthena whom she turned into an antWilliam Smith (lexicographer)>William Smith. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology s.v. Myrmex|Nacole||eponym of Nacoleia in PhrygiaSuda s. v. Nakoleia|Neaera|Thrinacia|mother of Lampetia and Phaethusa by Helios|Neaera|Pausanias (geographer)>Pausanias, 9. 35. § 1|Neaera|Lydia|mother of Dresaeus by TheiodamasQuintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy, 1. 290 – 291|Nymphe|Samothrace|mother of Saon by Zeus|Oeneis||mother of Pan by Hermes|Oinoie|Thoas (Tauri king)>Thoas|Olbia|Bithynia|mother of Astacus by Poseidon|Paphia||possibly the mother of Cinyras by Eurymedon|Pareia||mother of four sons by Minos|Polydora||one of the Danaïdes|Pyronia||mother of Iasion by Minos|Psalacantha||changed into a plant by DionysusRhene (mythology)>Rhene|Mount Cyllene|consorted with both Hermes and Oileus|Semestra||nurse of Keroessa|Sinoe|ArcadiaPan (god)>Pan|Teledice||a consort of Phoroneus|Thalia|Sicily (probably)|mother of the Palici by Zeus|Thisbe|Boeotia|eponym of the town of Thisbe|Tithorea|Mt. Parnassus|eponym of the town of Tithorea (previously called Neon)

In non-Greek tales influenced by Greek mythology


File:Echo and Narcissus by John William Waterhouse.jpg|Echo, an Oread (mountain nymph) watches Narcissus in this 1903 painting of Echo and Narcissus by John William Waterhouse.File:Hylas Saint-Romain-en Gal 07 2011.jpg|Hylas and nymphs from a mosaic in Roman Gaul (3rd century)File:Carracci Le Satyre et la Nymphe crop.jpg|Public sex between a nymph and Satyr. A sketch of Agostino Carracci.File:Nymphe et satyr - Nicolas Poussin - Musée Pouchkine Moscou.jpg|Nymphe et satyr - Nicolas Poussin - Musée Pouchkine MoscouFile:Nymphe et Saty (Alexandre Cabanel) 1860.JPG|Nymphe et Saty (Alexandre Cabanel) 1860File:Adolf Hiremy-Hirschl, Die Seelen des Acheron.jpg|Adolf Hirémy-Hirschl, The Souls of Acheron (1898).File:FantinLatour Naiade hermitage.jpg|Naiad by Henri Fantin-Latour.File:Pleiades by Elihu Vedder.jpg|The Pleiades (1885) by Elihu Vedder.File:Sir Edward John Poynter — Cave of the Storm Nymphs.jpg|The Cave of the Storm Nymphs by Sir Edward John PoynterFile:Gaston Bussière Nymphe.jpg|Nymphe by Gaston BussièreFile:Sátiro y ninfa..JPG|Fight between Nymph and Satyr, Naples National Archaeological Museum.File:Sleepingnymph.jpg|A Sleeping Nymph Watched by a Shepherd by Angelica Kauffman, about 1780, (V&A Museum no. 23-1886)File:Sleeping Nymph, Stourhead.jpg|The statue of a sleeping nymph in a grotto at Stourhead, England.

See also

{{Too many see alsos|date=February 2018}}{{div col|colwidth=22em}} {{div col end}}




  • BOOK

, Burkert, Walter
, Walter Burkert
, Greek Religion
, 1st
, 1985
, Harvard University Press.
, Cambridge, MA
, 978-0-674-36281-9,
  • BOOK, Larson, Jennifer Lynn, Greek Nymphs: Myth, Cult, Lore, Oxford University Press, New York, 2001, 978-0-19-514465-9,
  • Lawson, John Cuthbert, Modern Greek Folklore and Ancient Greek Religion, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1910, p. 131
  • Nereids
  • homepage
  • BOOK, Tomkinson, John L., Haunted Greece: Nymphs, Vampires and Other Exotika, 1st, 2004, Anagnosis, Athens, 978-960-88087-0-6,

External links

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