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movable nu

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movable nu
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
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{{Short description|Ancient Greek phonetic process}}In Ancient Greek grammar, movable nu, movable N or ephelcystic nu ( nû ephelkustikón, literally "nu dragged onto" or "attracted to") is a letter nu (written ; the Greek equivalent of the letter n) placed on the end of some grammatical forms in Attic or Ionic Greek. It is used to avoid two vowels in a row (hiatus) and to create a long syllable in poetic meter.

Grammatical forms

Movable nu may appear at the end of certain forms of verbs, nouns, and adjectives. In grammatical paradigms, it is usually written with a parenthesis to indicate that it is optional.{| class="wikitable"! colspan="3" | third person plural present and future
| present
| future
! colspan="3" | third person singular perfect and past
| perfect
| imperfect
| aorist
| pluperfect
! colspan="3" | third person singular present(athematic verbs)
"he places"
"it is"
! colspan="3" | third declensiondative plural
"to Greeks"
"to all"

Usage

Movable nu is used before words starting in a vowel to prevent hiatus.
  • πᾶσιν ἔλεγεν ἐκεῖνα "he said those things to everyone"
It is often omitted before consonants, but may be included there to produce a heavy syllable where the poetic meter requires one
  • πᾶσι λέγουσι ταῦτα "they say these things to everyone"
  • πᾶσι λέγουσιν ταῦτα "they say these things to everyone" with the dactylic pattern ¯ Ë˜ Ë˜ | Â¯ Â¯ | Â¯ Ã—
It is often used at the end of clauses or verses.

See also

Sources

{{AncientGreek-lang-stub}}

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