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lambda
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{{About|the Greek letter}}{{Redirect|Labda|the mythological figure|Labda (mythology)|the drama school|London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art|computer science term|Lambda Calculus}}{{redirect-confused|Λ|turned V}}{{Greek Alphabet|letter=lambda}}Lambda (uppercase ', lowercase '; lám(b)da) is the 11th letter of the Greek alphabet, representing the sound /l/. In the system of Greek numerals lambda has a value of 30. Lambda is related to the Phoenician letter Lamed (File:Phoenician lamedh.svg|15px|Lamedh). Letters in other alphabets that stemmed from lambda include the Latin L and the Cyrillic letter El (Л, л). The ancient grammarians and dramatists give evidence to the pronunciation as {{IPA-el|laːbdaː|}} () in Classical Greek times.Herbert Weir Smyth. A Greek Grammar for Colleges. I.1.c In Modern Greek the name of the letter, Λάμδα, is pronounced {{IPA-el|lamða|}}.In early Greek alphabets, the shape and orientation of lambda varied.WEB,weblink Epigraphic Sources for Early Greek Writing, Poinikastas.CSAD.ox.ac.uk, 2011-10-03, Most variants consisted of two straight strokes, one longer than the other, connected at their ends. The angle might be in the upper-left, lower-left ("Western" alphabets), or top ("Eastern" alphabets). Other variants had a vertical line with a horizontal or sloped stroke running to the right. With the general adoption of the Ionic alphabet, Greek settled on an angle at the top; the Romans put the angle at the lower-left.The HTML 4 character entity references for the Greek capital and small letter lambda are "Λ" and "λ", respectively.WEB, World Wide Web Consortium, HTML 4.01 Specification, 24. Character entity references in HTML 4,weblink The Unicode code points for lambda are U+039B and U+03BB.File:NAMA Alphabet grec.jpg|thumb|The Greek alphabet on a black figureblack figure

Symbol

Upper-case letter Λ

{{multiple issues|section=y|{{Refimprove section|date=February 2016}}{{Trivia section|date=September 2017}}}}Examples of the symbolic use of uppercase lambda include:

Lower-case letter λ

{{multiple issues|section=y|{{Refimprove section|date=October 2013}}{{Trivia section|date=September 2017}}}}(File:Greek lc lamda thin.svg|thumb|upright=0.5|Lower-case lambda)Examples of the symbolic use of lowercase lambda include:

Litra symbol

The Roman libra and Byzantine lítra (), which served as both the pound mass unit and liter volume unit, were abbreviated in Greek using lambda with modified forms of the iota subscript (as λͅ). These are variously encoded in Unicode. The Ancient Greek Numbers Unicode block includes 10183 {{sc|greek litra sign}} (𐆃) as well as 𐅢, which is described as 10162 {{sc|greek acrophonic hermionian ten}}Unicode Ancient Greek Numbers block. but was much more common as a form of the litra sign. A variant of the sign can be formed from 0338 {{sc|combining long solidus overlay}} and either 039B {{sc|greek capital letter lamda}} (Λ̸) or 03BB {{sc|greek small letter lamda}} (λ̸).WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110716030016weblink">weblink yes, 2011-07-16, Thesaurus Linguae Graecae, Stephanus.TLG.UCI.edu, PDF,

Character encodings

Unicode uses the spelling "lamda" in character names, instead of "lambda", due to "preferences expressed by the Greek National Body"weblink
  • Greek Lambda / Coptic Laula
{{charmap
name1=Greek Capital Letter Lamdaname2=Greek Small Letter Lamdaname3=Greek Letter Small Capital Lamdaname4=Coptic Capital Letter Laulaname5=Coptic Small Letter LaulaCode page 737>DOS Greekmap2char2=A2Code page 869>DOS Greek-2map3char2=E5Windows-1253>map4char1=CB|map4char2=EBTeX>ref1char1=Lambda|ref1char2=lambda}}
  • Mathematical Lambda
{{charmap
name1=Mathematical BoldCapital Lamdaname2=Mathematical BoldSmall Lamdaname3=Mathematical ItalicCapital Lamdaname4=Mathematical ItalicSmall Lamdaname5=Mathematical Bold ItalicCapital Lamdaname6=Mathematical Bold ItalicSmall Lamda}}{{charmapname1=Mathematical Sans-SerifBold Capital Lamdaname2=Mathematical Sans-SerifBold Small Lamdaname3=Mathematical Sans-SerifBold Italic Capital Lamdaname4=Mathematical Sans-SerifBold Italic Small Lamda}}These characters are used only as mathematical symbols. Stylized Greek text should be encoded using the normal Greek letters, with markup and formatting to indicate text style.

See also

{{Wiktionary|Λ|λ}}

References

{{Reflist}}


- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "lambda" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 10:50am EDT - Thu, Apr 18 2019
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