Categories and Facets
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Eastern Philosophy is a
diverse body of approaches to life and philosophizing, particularly
centered on understanding the process of the
Universe and the endless
''Middle East Region, (Middle East)
Philosophy is largely guided by the Abrahamic
Religions, ancient theologies, comprising
full world-views and their philosophical and historical
interpretations and philosophizing up to the... ...
Western Philosophy is a line of related philosophical
thinking, beginning in Ancient Greece, and including the
predominant philosophical thinking of Europe and its former colonies up to the present
day. The concept of philosophy itself... ...
African Philosophy is a disputed term
used in different ways by different philosophers. ...
Islamic Philosophy is a part of the
Islamic studies, and is a longstanding
attempt to create... ...
Ancient Western Philosophy -
figure in transforming early Greek philosophy into
a unified and continuous project - the one
still being pursued today - is Socrates, who studied
under several Sophists and then spent much of
his life, we are told, engaging everyone in
Athens in discussion trying to determine
whether anyone had a very good idea what they
Hindu Philosophy (one of the main
divisions of Indian Philosophy) is
traditionally seen through the prism of six
different systems that are listed here. The
characteristic of this Philosophy is to
consider being (consciousness)
together with the other issues.
The Nyaya school of
philosophical speculation is based on a text
called the Nyaya Sutra. It was
The teachings of Gautama Buddha (6th century BC -
5th century BC), because of its non-theistic
nature, have been described as more of a Philosophy than a Religion. However,
adherents of Buddhism contest that
even these two categories lack in defining
Buddhist teaching. For them, Buddhism
presents itself as way to attain
understanding and direct insight into the
true nature of... ...
Chinese Philosophy has a
history of several thousand years. Its
origins are often traced back to the Yi Jing (commonly spelled "I
Ching"), an ancient compendium of divination, which
introduced some of the most fundamental terms
of Chinese Philosophy. Its age can only be
estimated, but it certainly draws from an
oracular tradition that goes back to Neolithic... ...
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overlooked, the time after the great ancient
philosophers was rich with philosophical
activity, rediscovery of ancient writing, and
challenges to tradition.
Zeno of Citium
The Renaissance as a
movement and Philosophy is
described as the reaching back for classical
models in Medieval Europe, the search
for naturalism over stylism in Art, the
reemergence of Mathematics as
intimately related to... ...
Modern philosophy is Philosophy done during
the "modern" era of Europe and
North America. ...
The Philosophy of the era
now known as the Middle Ages (the period
roughly extending from the fall of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance) is a
widely varied period in the history of philosophical thought.
However, one defining feature which... ...
Gnosticism is a blanket term for various
religions and sects most prominent in the
first few centuries A.D. Many elements of
second-century gnosticsm are pre-Christian.
The name of gnosticism comes from the Greek word for
knowledge, gnosis (??????), referring
to the idea that there is special, hidden
knowledge (esoteric knowledge) that
only a few may possess. ...
Christian Philosophy is a two-millennia
tradition of rational thought as applied to
the Christian tradition. No
survey article can do more than touch on the
most major figures and traditions, each of
which are covered in articles of their own.
Also there has been considerable interaction
with Jewish Philosophy and Islamic
Philosophy that continues into the modern
era, e.g. Modern... ...
Jewish Philosophy is the conjunction
between serious study of Philosophy and Jewish
Philosophy was heavilly influenced by the
Philosophy of Plato, Aristotle and Islamic
Philosophy. Many early medieval Jewish
philosophers (700s to 1000 CE) were
especially influenced by the Islamic
Motazilites; they denied all limiting
attributes of God and were... ...
Near the turn of the 20th century, and
certainly thereafter, Philosophy literally
exploded in several challenging directions of
The history of Philosophy in the west
begins with the Greeks, and particularly with a
group of philosophers commonly called the
"pre-Socratics", so named because they
appeared before Socrates brought dramatic
change to philosophy. ...
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