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floruit
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{{short description|Period of time during which there is the certainty of the activity of a person, a school or a movement. It does not always indicate the entire period of its activity}}{{redirect2|Flourished|fl.|other uses|Flourish (disambiguation)|and|FL (disambiguation)}}{{italic title}}Floruit ({{IPAc-en|UK|ˈ|f|l|ɔːr|u|ɪ|t|,_|ˈ|f|l|ɒr|u|ɪ|t}}, {{IPAc-en|US|ˈ|f|l|ɔːr|j|u|ɪ|t}}), abbreviated fl. (or occasionally flor.), Latin for "he/she flourished", denotes a date or period during which a person was known to have been alive or active.WEB, 2017, floruit, OxfordDictionaries.com, Oxford English Living Dictionaries: English, Oxford University Press,weblink 26 November 2017, BOOK, flo·ru·it, American Heritage Dictionary, 5th [online], 2017, 2011, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt,weblink 26 November 2017, In English, the word may also be used as a noun indicating the time when someone flourished.

Etymology and use

is the third-person singular perfect active indicative of the Latin verb ', ' "to bloom, flower, or flourish", from the noun ', ', "flower".Cassell's Latin Dictionary
Broadly, the term is employed in reference to the peak of activity for a person, movement, or such. It is used in genealogy and historical writing when a person's birth or death dates are unknown.BOOK, World Dictionary of Foreign Expressions: a Resource for Readers and Writers, Adeleye, Gabriel, Kofi Acquah-Dadzie, Thomas J. Sienkewicz, James T. McDonough, 1999, Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 0-86516-423-1, 147,weblink 1 June 2010, For example, if there are wills attested by John Jones in 1204 and 1229, and a record of his marriage in 1197, a record concerning him might be written as "John Jones (fl. 1197–1229)".The term is often used in art history when dating the career of an artist. In this context, it denotes the period of the individual's artistic activity.{{citation |title=Art History: Its Use and Abuse |last=Johnson |first=W. McAllister |year=1990 |publisher= University of Toronto Press |isbn=0-86516-423-1 |page=307 |url=weblink |accessdate=1 June 2010}}In some cases, it can be replaced by the words "active between {{var|[date]}} and {{var|[date]}}", depending on context and if space or style permits.

See also

{{wiktionary|floruit}}

References

{{Reflist}}{{Chronology}}

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