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disposition
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{{Other uses}}A disposition is a quality of character, a habit, a preparation, a state of readiness, or a tendency to act in a specified way that is inherited or may be learned.The terms dispositional belief and occurrent belief refer, in the former case, to a belief that is held in the mind but not currently being considered, and in the latter case, to a belief that is currently being considered by the mind.In Bourdieu's theory of fields, dispositions are the natural tendencies of each individual to take on a specific position in any field. There is no strict determinism through one's dispositions. The habitus is the choice of positions according to one's dispositions. However, in retrospect a space of possibles can always be observed.A disposition is not a process or event in some duration in time, but rather the state, preparation, or tendency of a structure "in waiting". In the field of possibilities its actual triggering has a statistical value.

In analytic philosophy

In contemporary analytic philosophy, dispositions have been suggested as having an important role in understanding laws of nature. Dispositionalism is the idea that the dispositions of objects (for instance, the disposition for a wine glass to break if dropped on a hard floor) are a specific and ontologically important set of properties (either universals or tropes) that objects have.Philosophers who subscribe to this theory include Sydney Shoemaker, Stephen Mumford, Alexander Bird, George Molnar, Brian Ellis, C.B. Martin and John Heil.Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: DispositionsBOOK, Armstrong, D.M., Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics, 2010, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 9780199655915, 48–53, Dispositionalism is offered as an alternative to other accounts of laws of nature including neo-Humean regularity theories and relations-between-universals theory of David Malet Armstrong, Fred Dretske,JOURNAL, Laws of Nature, Fred, Dretske, Philosophy of Science, 44, 2, 248–268, 10.1086/288741, and Michael Tooley.JOURNAL, The Nature of Laws, Michael, Tooley, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 7, 4, 1977, 667–698,

In law

In law, a disposition is a civil or criminal hearing where a case can be resolved.

In religion

{{Expand section|This is an important topic in Christian theology|date=May 2016|small=no}}

In the Catholic Church

In Catholic thought, "disposition" has two meanings. Firstly, it may refer to a deliberately practised habit of behaving in a certain way, for example, "a virtue is an habitual and firm disposition to do the good."Catechism of the Catholic Church, par. 1803. Secondly, it may refer to a state of a person that is required for reception of a sacrament, for example, a disposition of genuine repentance is required for the forgiveness of sins in confession.Catholic Dictionary, Sacramental dispositions.

In the Anglican Communion

{{Expand section|date=May 2016}}

See also

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Wiktionary}}
  • {{PhilPapers|category|dispositions-and-powers}}
  • {{InPho|idea|1527}}
  • SEP, dispositions, Dispositions,


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