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dhoti
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{{about||the far western region of Nepal|Doti}}(File:Shad Suk Mysiem.JPG|thumb|200px|right|Khasi folk dancers wearing dhotis and other traditional garb.)The dhoti, also known as panche, vesti, dhuti, mardani, chaadra, dhotar, panchey, is a traditional men's garment worn in the Indian subcontinent. It is a rectangular piece of unstitched cloth, usually around {{convert|4.5|m}} long, wrapped around the waist and the legs and knotted at the waist.

Etymology

The word dhoti is derived from dhauti (Sanskrit: धौती), meaning to "cleanse or wash"weblink In the context of clothing, it simply refers to the cleansed garment which was worn during śrauta sacrifices or religious sessions in general.Govind Sadashiv Ghurye (1951) Indian Costume{{rp|129}} The dhoti evolved from the ancient antriya which was passed through the legs, tucked at the back and covered the legs loosely, then flowed into long pleats at front of the legs, the same way it is worn today.{{rp|130}}

Regional names

File:In Welcome of Buddha - ACCN 34-2542 - Government Museum - Mathura 2013-02-24 5941.JPG|thumb|200px|Relief depicting men in anatariya and uttariyauttariyaFile:A Manipuri Dancer in traditional Krishna attire.jpg|thumb|200px|Female dancer dressed as KrishnaKrishnaThe garment is known by various names, such as:{| class="wikitable"!colspan="2"| !! Language{{nobold|or region}}
DhotÄ« >| Sanskrit, Pali DhotÄ« >Hindi languages>Hindi Mardaani >Hindi languages>HindiChaadra >Punjabi language>Punjabi DhotÄ« >Odia language>Odia Dhoteé >Nepali language>Nepali Dhotiyu >Gujarati language>Gujarati Dhotar {{sup>a}} Marathi Suriya Dhuti>Assamese language>Assamese Dhuti >Bengali language>Bengali DhotraKachcha Panche >Kannada language>Kannada Dhotar'Angostar'Aad-nescheyPudve >Konkani language>Konkani Panché >Telugu language>Telugu Dhovathi >Telugu language>Telugu Vaetti >Tamil language>TamilMundu >Malayalam language>Malayalam Dhoti Urdu
{{longitem {{supdhotar is not the same as a pancha (plural panche).{{pad>0.75em}}While the former is worn around the waist, the latter is normally{{pad#Extra cloth>below).}} }}

Custom and usage

Dhoti is usually worn over a kaupinam or langot, types of loincloth undergarments.{{multiple image| align = left| image1 = Indian relief from Amaravati, Guntur. Preserved in Guimet Museum.jpg| width1 = 200| caption1 = A Chakravati wears a pancha in an ancient style. First century BCE/CE. Amaravathi village, Guntur district (Musee Guimet).| image2 = Didarganj_Yakshi_statue_in_the_Bihar_Museum.jpg| width2 = 112| caption2 = The Didarganj Yakshi depicting the dhoti wrap.}}The pancha is worn by many orthodox Jain men when they visit the temple for puja; unstitched clothing is believed by some Jains to be "less permeable to pollution" and therefore more appropriate for religious rituals than other garments.BOOK, Cort, John E., 2001, Jains in the World: Religious Values and Ideology in India,weblink Oxford University Press, 221, 9780195132342, They also wear a loose, unstitched cloth, shorter than the pancha, on top.It is the national dress of the Madhesh region of southern Nepal, worn mainly by Nepalis of Madhesi, Tharu and Maithali ethnicity.WEB,weblink Nepalese national dresses, Hare Krishna, known for its distinctive dress code, prompts Western adherents to wear pancha, usually of saffron or white cloth folded in a traditional style. Maharishi Mahesh Yogi was known for wearing a white silk dhoti.NEWS, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, a Guide On the Beatles' Spiritual Path, Dies, Lily, Koppel, New York Times, February 6, 2008, C.10,weblink In India, there's a distinction between the lungi, a similar but smaller garment often worn by people at their home as it is more casual and comfortable than dhoti, and the more formal dhoti that is sometimes worn by politicians.WEB,weblink No Dhotis Please, We’re Indian, McLain, Sean, 2014-07-23, Wall Street Journal, en-US, 2017-11-03, {{clear}}

See also

{{div col|colwidth=18em}} {{div col end}}

References

{{Commons category|Dhoti}}{{reflist}}{{Clothing in South Asia}}{{Folk costume}}

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