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deme
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{{other uses}}{{cleanup HTML|date=February 2019}}{{short description|Administrative unit in ancient Athens}}
missing image!
- AGMA Pinakia.jpg -
Pinakia, identification tablets (name, father's name, deme) used for tasks like jury selection, Museum at the Ancient Agora of Athens
In Ancient Greece, a deme or demos () modern Municipality was a suburb or a subdivision of Athens and other city-states. Demes as simple subdivisions of land in the countryside seem to have existed in the 6th century BC and earlier, but did not acquire particular significance until the reforms of Cleisthenes in 508 BC. In those reforms, enrollment in the citizen-lists of a deme became the requirement for citizenship; prior to that time, citizenship had been based on membership in a phratry, or family group. At this same time, demes were established in the main city of Athens itself, where they had not previously existed; in all, at the end of Cleisthenes' reforms, Athens was divided into 139 demes{{harvnb|Traill|1975|p=76}} to which one should add Berenikidai, established in 224/223 BC, Apollonieis (201/200 BC) and Antinoeis (126/127). The establishment of demes as the fundamental units of the state weakened the gene, or aristocratic family groups, that had dominated the phratries.J.V. Fine, The Ancient Greeks: A Critical HistoryA deme functioned to some degree as a polis in miniature, and indeed some demes, such as Eleusis and Acharnae, were in fact significant towns. Each deme had a demarchos who supervised its affairs; various other civil, religious, and military functionaries existed in various demes. Demes held their own religious festivals and collected and spent revenue.David Whitehead, "Deme" from the Oxford Classical Dictionary, Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, ed.Demes were combined with other demes from the same area to make trittyes, larger population groups, which in turn were combined to form the ten tribes, or phylai of Athens. Each tribe contained one trittys from each of three regions: the city, the coast, and the inland area.

Cleisthenes' reforms and its modifications

First period: 508 – 307/306 BC

File:CarteAttiqueApresClisthene.jpg|thumb|The division of Athens city-state into urban (pink), inland (green), and coastal (blue) zones by CleisthenesCleisthenesCleisthenes divided the landscape in three zones—urban (asty), coastal (paralia) and inland (mesogeia)—and the 139 demes were organized into 30 groups called trittyes ("thirds"), ten for each of the zones and into ten tribes, or phyle, each composed of three trittyes, one from the coast, one from the city, and one from the inland area.Cleisthenes also reorganized the Boule, created with 400 members under Solon, so that it had 500 members, 50 from each tribe, each deme having a fixed quota.The ten tribes were named after legendary heroes and came to have an official order: Erechtheis (Ἐρεχθηΐς) named after ErechtheusAigeis (Αἰγηΐς) named after AegeusPandionis (Πανδιονίς) named after PandionLeontis (Λεοντίς) named after Leos, son of OrpheusAcamantis (Ἀκαμαντίς) named after AcamasOineis (Οἰνηΐς) named after OeneusKekropis (Κεκροπίς) named after CécropsHippothontis (or Hippothoontis) (Ἱπποθοντίς) named after HippothoonAiantis (Αἰαντίς) named after AjaxAntiochis (Ἀντιοχίς) named after Antiochus, son of Heracles

Second period: 307/306 – 224/223 BC

In 307/306 – 224/223 BC the system was reorganized creating the two Macedonian Phylai (XI. Antigonis and XII. Demetrias), named after Demetrius I of Macedon and Antigonus I Monophthalmus, and increasing the Boule to 600 members. Each of the ten tribes, except Aiantis, provide 3 demes (not necessarily one for trittyes); the missing contribution of Aiantis is covered by two demes of Leontis and 1 from Aigeis.In connection the contribution of each village to the Boule is properly adapted.

Third period: 224/223 – 201/200 BC

The Egyptian Phyle XIII. Ptolemais, named after Ptolemy III Euergetes is created in 224/223 BC and the Boule increases to 600 members, the twelve tribes giving each a demos; moreover a new village is creatied and named Berenikidai, after Ptolemy's wife Berenice II of Egypt.

Fourth period: 201/200 BC – 126/127 AD

In 201/200 BC the Macedonian Phylae are dissolved and the villages (except the two given to Ptolemais) go back to the original tribe. Moreover, in spring 200 BC the tribe XIV. Attalis, named after Attalus I, is created following the same scheme used for the creation of the Egyptian Phyle: each tribe contributes a deme and a new deme, Apollonieis, is created in honour of Apollonis, wife of Attalus I of Pergamum.As a consequence we have again 12 tribeas and 600 members of the Boule.From this period there are no more quotas assigned to the demes for the 50 Boule members of each tribe

Fifth period: 126/127 – third century

The last modification is the creation in 126/127 of XV. Hadrianis, named after Hadrian following the same scheme: each tribe contributes a deme and a new deme, Antinoeis is created in honour of Hadrian's favorite, Antinous.More over each tribe contributes 40 members to the Boule.

Representation in the Boule

In the first three periods there it a more detailed system of fixed quotas which essentially remained unchanged. There is no evidence for a single general reapportionment of quotas within each of the first three periods, while there are evident small quota-variations between the first and the second periods.{{harvnb|Traill|1975|p=56}}More precisely in:
307/306 BC, 24 demes increased of 1 bouleutes, 13 of 2, 5 or 3, 6 of 4 and 1 (Lower Paiania) of 11 and there is not a single example of a decreased quota.{{harvnb|Traill|1975|p=59}} 224/223 BC 4 demes increased of 1 bouleutes, 1 of 2, 2 or 3 and 2 of 4; of the 56 demes whose quota in the third period are known more than half maintain their same quota through the first three periods.{{harvnb|Traill|1975|p=62}}
As regards the last two periods, the material illustrates the complete collapse of the quota-system from 201/200 BC.{{harvnb|Traill|1975|p=61}}

Spurious and Late Roman demes

Some deme lists suggest to extend the 139+3 list adding 43 other names some of which have been considered by scholars as attic demes.Graes, Phegaia, Kaletea (III); Rhakidai, Kyrteidai (V); Phyle B, Perrihidai (VI); Kikynna B, Trinemeia B, Sypalettos B (VII); Agriadai, Pol(--), Anakaia B, Amymone, Sphendale (VIII); Kykala, Perrhidai, Thyrgonidai, Titakidai, Petalidai, Psaphis (IX); Atene B, De(--), Lekkon, Leukopyra, Ergadeis, Phyrrhinesioi, Malainai, Pentele (X). The criticism performed by John S. Traill{{harvnb|Traill|1975|pp=81–96}} shows that 24 are the result of error, ancientAnakaia B, Phegaieis B, Graes, Pol(--) or modern,Agriadai or of misinterpretationDe(--), Salamis, Kaletea, Kikynna B, Atene B, Ikaroin, Amphitrope B, Phyle B, Sypalettos B, Trinemeia B, Coastal Lamptrai, Chastieis, Chelidonia, Echelidai, Gephyreis, Lekkon, Oisia, Rhakidai, Sporgilos. and 19Hyporeia,Thirgonidai, Titakidai, Perrhidai, Petalidai, Eunostidai, Klopidai, Melainai, Sphendale, Pentale, Psaphis, Akyaia, Amymone, Ergadeis, Kykala, Kyrteidai, Leukopyra, Phy(r)rhinesioi, Semachidai B, are well known chiefly from inscriptions of the second and third centuries after Christ, i.e. in the fifth period, and thus for political purposes they were originally dependent on legitimate cleisthenic demes.

Homonymous and divided demes

There are{{harvnb|Traill|1975|pp=123-8}} 6 pairs of homonymous demes:
  • Halai Araphenides (VII.Kekropis) and Halai Aixonides (II.Aigeis)
  • Oion Dekeleikon (VIII.Hippothontis; later XIII.Ptolemais, XIV.Attalis) and Oion Kerameikon (IV.Leontis; affiliated with XII.Demetrias in the Macedonanian period)
  • Eitea: there were two demes of that name, but no modifier is known. One is associated to V.Acamantis, later XI.Antigonis and XV.Hadrianis; the other is associated to X.Antiochis
  • Oinoe and Oinoe: again no modifier is known; one deme was associated to VIII.Hippothontis, later XII.Demetrias and XIII.Ptolemais; the other was associated to IX.Aiantis, later XIV.Attalis and XV.Hadrianis.
  • Kolonai: again no modifier is known; one deme was associated to IV.Leontis; the other to X.Antiochis, later XI.Antigonis and XIII.Ptolemais.
  • Eroiadai: again no modifier is known for these two demes associated to VIII.Hippothontis and X.Antiochis.
and 6 divided demes, one composed of three parts:
  • Agryle, Upper Agryle and Lower Agryle (I.Erechtheis); one of them, but there is no prosopographical information for identifying which, was transferred to XI.Antigonis and went back at the end of the Macedonanian period; later one of them (again it is uncertain which) was transferred to XIV.Attalis.
  • Lamptrai, Upper Lamptrai and Coastal/Lower Lamptrai (I.Erechtheis); Upper Lamptrai was transferred to XI.Antigonis and went back at the end of the Macedonanian period.
  • Pergase, Upper and Lower (I.Erechtheis); one of them (no prosopographical information allows to decide which) was transferred to XI.Antigonis and went back at the end of the Macedonanian period.
  • Ankyle: no special designations of either section are preserved, although they are presumed to have the regular Upper and Lower forms. One section, perhaps Upper Ankale, was transferred to XI.Antigonis and went back at the end of the Macedonanian period.
  • Paiania, Upper Paiania and Lower Paiania (III.Pandionis); Upper Paiania, was transferred to XI.Antigonis and went back at the end of the Macedonanian period.
  • Potamos has three sections, Upper Potamos, Lower Potamos and Potamos Deiradiotes (IV.Leontes); during the Macedonanian period, Potamos Deiradiotes belonged to XI.Antigonis and Lower Potamos to XII.Demetrias

List of Athenian demes according to tribes/phylai (φυλαί)

The ten Cleisthenic tribes

Erechtheïs (Ἐρεχθηΐς){{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table I}}{| class="wikitable"
!Deme!#Quota in the first period !#Quota in the second period !#Quota in the third period !Notes
---- !colspan="4" style="background: #d0e5f5"| ! style="background: #d0e5f5"| city
----style="background: #f1f5fc" |Upper Agryle |2
33One deme to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods and to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Lower Agryle|2
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Euonymon (deme)>Euonymon|10|12|12|
----style="background: #f1f5fc" |Themakos |1|1| |to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period
---- !colspan="4" style="background: #d0e5f5"| ! style="background: #d0e5f5"| coast
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Anagyrous|6 |8 |8|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Kedoi|2 |2 |2|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Upper Lamptrai|5 | ||to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Coastal Lamptrai|9|10|10|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Pambotadai|1(0)|1|2|to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period
---- !colspan="4" style="background: #d0e5f5"| Kephisia (?)! style="background: #d0e5f5"| inland
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Cephisia>Kephisia|6 |8|8|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Upper Pergase|2
33One deme to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Lower Pergase|2
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Phegous|1|1|1|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Sybridai|0(1)|1|1|
---- ! Deme! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ! #Quota in the third period ! Notes
Aigeis (Αἰγηΐς){{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table II}}{| class="wikitable"
!Deme!#Quota in the first period !#Quota in the second period !Notes
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"| ! style="background: #d0e5f5"| city
----style="background: #f1f5fc" |Upper Ankyle|1||to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Lower Ankyle|1|1|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Bate (deme)>Bate |1(2)|1|
----style="background: #f1f5fc" |Diomeia|1| |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc" |Erikeia|1|2|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Hestiaia|1|1|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Kollytos|3|4|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Colonus (Attica)>Kolonos |2|2|
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"| ! style="background: #d0e5f5"| coast
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Araphen|2 |2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Halai Araphenides|5|9|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Otryne|1 |1 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Phegaea (Aigeis)>Phegaia|3(4)|3(4)|to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Philaidae (deme)>Philaidai|3|3|
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"| Epakria! style="background: #d0e5f5"| inland
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Erchia (deme)>Erchia |7(6) |11|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Gargettos|4||to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Ikarion|5(4)||to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods and to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Ionidai|2(1)|2|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Kydantidai|1(2)|1(2)|to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Myrrhinoutta|1 |1 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Plotheia|1 |2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Teithras|4 |4 |
---- ! Deme! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ! Notes
Pandionis (Πανδιονίς){{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table III}}{| class="wikitable"
!Deme!#Quota in the first period !#Quota in the second period !#Quota in the third period !Notes
---- !colspan="4" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Kydathenaion! style="background: #d0e5f5"| city
----style="background: #f1f5fc" |Kydathenaion|12(11)|||to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods
---- !colspan="4" style="background: #d0e5f5"| Myrrhinous ! style="background: #d0e5f5"| coast
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Angele (deme)>Angele |2(3) |4 |4|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Myrrhinous |6 |8 |8|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Prasiae (Attica)>Prasiai|3 |3 |3|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Probalinthos |5 |5 |5|to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Steiria (Attica)>Steiria|3|3|4|
---- !colspan="4" style="background: #d0e5f5"| Paiania! style="background: #d0e5f5"| inland
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Konthyle|1 |1| |to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Cytherus>Kytheros|2(1) | | |to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Oa (Attica)>Oa|4|4|4|to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Upper Paiania|1| | |to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Lower Paiania|11|22|22|
---- ! Deme! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ! #Quota in the third period ! Notes
Leontis (Λεοντίς){{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table IV}}{{harvnb|Traill|1975|pg.133}}{| class="wikitable"
!Deme!#Quota in the first period !#Quota in the second period !#Quota in the third period !Notes
---- !colspan="4" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Skambonidai! style="background: #d0e5f5"| city
----style="background: #f1f5fc" |Halimous |3|3|3|
----style="background: #f1f5fc" |Kettos |3|3(4)|3|
----style="background: #f1f5fc" |Leukonoion|3|5|5|
----style="background: #f1f5fc" |Oion Kerameikon|1| | |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc" |Skambonidai|3|4|4|to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Upper Potamos|2 |2 |2|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Lower Potamos|1 | ||to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods
---- !colspan="4" style="background: #d0e5f5"| Phrearrhioi! style="background: #d0e5f5"| coast
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Deiradiotai|2 | | |to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Potamus Deiradiotes>Potamioi Deiradiotai|2 | | |to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Phrearrhioi|9 |9 |10 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Sounion (deme)>Sounion|4|6|6|to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period
---- !colspan="4" style="background: #d0e5f5"| Hekale (?)! style="background: #d0e5f5"| inland
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Aithalidai|2 | | |to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Cholleidai|2|5 |5 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Eupyridai|2|2|2|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Hecale (Attica)>Hekale|1|1| |to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Hybadai|2|2(1) |2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Colonae (Leontis)>Kolonai |2|2 |2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Kropidai|1|1 |1 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Paionidai |3|3 |3 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Pelekes |2|2 |2 |
---- ! Deme! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ! #Quota in the third period ! Notes
Akamantis (Ἀκαμαντίς){{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table V}}{| class="wikitable"
!Deme!#Quota in the first period !#Quota in the second period !Notes
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Cholargos! style="background: #d0e5f5"| city
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Cholargos (deme)>Cholargos|4|6 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Eiresidai (deme)>Eiresidai|1|2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Hermos (deme)>Hermos|2|2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Iphistiadae|1|1 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Kerameis (deme)>Kerameis|6|6 |
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Thorikos! style="background: #d0e5f5"| coast
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Kephale (deme)>Kephale|9|12 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Poros (deme)>Poros|3| |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Thorikos (deme)>Thorikos|5(6)|6 |
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"| Sphettos! style="background: #d0e5f5"| inland
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Eitea (Acamantis)>Eitea|2| |to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods and to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Hagnous (deme)>Hagnous|5| |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods and to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Kikynna (deme)>Kikynna|2|3 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Prospalta (deme)>Prospalta|5|5 |to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Sphetto (deme)>Sphettos|5|7 |
---- ! Deme! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ! Notes
Oeneïs (Οἰνηΐς){{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table VI}}{| class="wikitable"
!Deme!#Quota in the first period !#Quota in the second period !Notes
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Lakiadai! style="background: #d0e5f5"| city
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Boutadai|1|1|to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Epikephisia|1(2)|1 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Hippotomadai|1| |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Lakiadai|2|3 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Lousia|1|1|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Perithoidai|3|3 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Ptelea (deme)>Ptelea|1|1 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Tyrmeidai|1(0)|1 |to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Thria! style="background: #d0e5f5"| coast
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Kothokidai|2(1)| |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Oe (deme)>Oe|6(7)|6 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Phyle (deme)>Phyle|2| |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Thria (deme)>Thria|7|8 |to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"| Pedion! style="background: #d0e5f5"| inland
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Acharnae|22|25 |
---- ! Deme! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ! Notes
Kekropis (Κεκροπίς){{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table VII}}{| class="wikitable"
!Deme!#Quota in the first period !#Quota in the second period !Notes
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Melite (?)! style="background: #d0e5f5"| city
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Daidalidai|1| |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods and to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Melite (deme)>Melite|7| |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Xypete|7| |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Aixone(?)! style="background: #d0e5f5"| coast
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Aixone (deme)>Aixone|8|12 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Halai Aixonides|6|10 |
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"| ! style="background: #d0e5f5"| inland
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Athmonon|6|10 |to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Epieikidai|1|1(0) |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Phlya|7|9 |to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Pithos (deme)>Pithos|2(3)|4|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Sypalettos|2|2 |Meritt, 1961, pp.227-230 suggests that Sypalettos could be temporarily belonged to XIV.Attalis in 145; the argument would justify the conflicting facts that the current archon, Epikrates, was from Sypalettos and that archonship, in the secretary-cycle, should be assigned to Attalis; in connection he pointed that the son of the eponym, Attalos II, was of the deme Sypalettos and that a similar reletionship between phylai and members of the family of the eponym is proved by Ptolemy V Epiphanes, grandson of Ptolemy III and member of XIII.Ptolemais and by Hadrian which was accepted into the deme of Besa.
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Trinemeia|2|2 |
---- ! Deme! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ! Notes
Hippothontis (Ἱπποθοντίς){{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table V}}{| class="wikitable"
!Deme!#Quota in the first period !#Quota in the second period !Notes
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Peiraieus ! style="background: #d0e5f5"| city
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Hamaxanteia|2|2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Keiriadai|2 |2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Koile|3 | |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Korydallos (deme)>Korydallos|1 |1 |to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Peiraieus (deme)>Peiraieus|9 |10 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Thymaitadai|2 |2 |
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Eleusis ! style="background: #d0e5f5"| coast
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Acherdous|1 |1 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Auridai|1 | |to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Azenia (deme)>Azenia|2 |2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Elaious (deme)>Elaious|1 |1 |to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Eleusis (deme)>Eleusis|11 |12 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Kopros|2 |2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Oinoe (Hippothontis)>Oinoe |2 | |to XII.Demetrias in the second and to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"| Dekeleia (?)! style="background: #d0e5f5"| inland
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Anakaia|3 |3 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Eroiadai (Hippothontis)>Eroiadai|1 |2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Decelea>Dekeleia|4 |6 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Oion Dekeleikon|3 |3 |to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period and to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|
---- ! Deme! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ! Notes
Aiantis (Αἰαντίς){{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table IX}}{| class="wikitable"
!Deme!#Quota in the first period !#Quota in the second period !#Quota in the third period !Notes
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Phaleron (?)! style="background: #d0e5f5"| city
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Phaleron|9|9|13|
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Thorikos! style="background: #d0e5f5"| coast
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Marathon (deme)>Marathon|10 |10 |13|
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Oinoe (Aiantis)>Oinoe |4 |4|6 |to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period and to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Rhamnous|8 |8|12 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"|Trikorynthos|3 |3 |6|to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"| Aphidna (?)! style="background: #d0e5f5"| inland
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Aphidna (deme)>Aphidna|16 |16| |to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period and to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period
---- ! Deme! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period !#Quota in the third period ! Notes
Antiochis (Ἀντιοχίς){{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table X}}{| class="wikitable"
!Deme!#Quota in the first period !#Quota in the second period !Notes
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Alopeke! style="background: #d0e5f5"| city
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Alopeke (deme)>Alopeke|10 |12 |
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"|Anaphlistos! style="background: #d0e5f5"| coast
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Aigilia (deme)>Aigilia|6 |7 |to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Amphitrope (deme)>Amphitrope|2 |3 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Anaphlystos (deme)>Anaphlystos|10 |11 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Atene (deme)>Atene|3 | |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods and to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Besa (deme)>Besa|2 |2 |to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Thorai (deme)>Thorai|4 | |to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods
---- !colspan="3" style="background: #d0e5f5"| Pallene! style="background: #d0e5f5"| inland
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Eitea (Antiochis)>Eitea|2(1) |2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Eroiadai (Antiochis)>Eroiadai|1 |1 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Colonae (Antiochis)>Kolonai|2 | |to XI.Antigonis in the second period and to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Krioa (deme)>Krioa|1 |2 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Pallene (deme)>Pallene|6(7) |9 |
----style="background: #f1f5fc"
Semachidai (deme)>Semachidai|1|1|
---- ! Deme! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ! Notes

The Macedonian tribes

Antigonis{{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table XI}}{| class="wikitable"! Deme! Former phyle! Trittys! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ----|Lower Agryle|Erachtheis|city|3|3
----|Upper Lamptrai|Erachtheis|coast|5|5
----|Lower Pergase|Erachtheis |inland|2|2
----|Upper Ankyle|Aigeis|city|1|1
----|Ikarion|Aigeis |inland|5|6
----|Kydathenaion|Pandionis|city|12|12
----
Kytheros (deme)>Kytheros|Pandionis|inland|2 |2
----|Upper Paiania|Pandionis|inland|1|1
----|Aithalidai|Leontis|inland|2|2
----|Deiradiotai|Leontis|coast|2 |2
----|Potamos Deiradiotes|Leontis|coast|2 |2
----
Eitea (Antiochis)>Eitea|Akamantis|inland|2|2
----|Auridai|Hippothontis|coast|1|1
----
Colonae (Antiochis)>Kolonai|Antiochis|inland|2|2
Demetrias{{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table XII}}{| class="wikitable"! Deme! Former phyle! Trittys! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ----|Diomeia|Aigeis|city|1|1
----|Oion Kerameikon|Leontis|city|1|1
----|Lower Potamos|Leontis |coast|1|2
----
Hagnous (deme)>Hagnous|Akamantis|inland|5|5
----
Poros (deme)>Poros|Akamantis |coast|3 |3
----|Hippotomadai|Oineis|city|1 |1
----|Kothokidai|Oineis|coast|2 |2
----
Phyle (deme)>Phyle|Oineis|coast|2|6
----|Daidalidai|Kekropis|city|1 |1
----
Melite (deme)>Melite|Kekropis|city|7|7
----|Xypete|Kekropis|city|7|7
----|Koile|Hippothontis|city|3|3
----
Oenoe (Attica)>Oinoe|Hippothontis|coast|2|2
----
Atene (deme)>Atene |Antiochis|coast|3|4
----
Thorai (deme)>Thorai|Antiochis|coast|4|5

The later tribes

Ptolemais{{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table XIII}}{| class="wikitable"! Deme! Former phyle! Trittys! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ! #Quota in the third period ----
Colonae (Antiochis)>Kolonai|Antigonis|inland|2|2|2
----
Oinoe (Hippothontis)>Oinoe|Demetrias|coast|2|2|2
----|Themakos|Erechteis|city|1|1|1
----|Kydantidai|Aigeis|inland|1 (2)|1 (2)|1
----|Konthyle|Pandionis|inland|1 |1 |1
----
Hecale (Attica)>Hekale|Leontis|inland|1 |1 |1
----
Prospalta (deme)>Prospalta|Akamantis|inland|5 |5 |5
----|Boutadai|Oineis|city|1|1|1
----|Phlya|Kekropis|inland|6 |9|9
----|Oion Dekeleikon|Hippothontis |inland|3 |3|3
----
Aphidna (deme)>Aphidna|Aiantis|inland|16 |16|16
----
Aigilia (deme)>Aigilia|Antiochis|coast|6|7|7
----|Berenikidai||new|||1
Attalis{{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table XIV}}{| class="wikitable"! Deme! Former phyle! Trittys! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ! #Quota in the third period ----|Lower Agrile|Erechteis|city|3|3|3
----|Ikarion|Aigeis|inland|5 (4)|6|6
----|Probalinthos|Pandionis|coast|5 |5|5
----
Sounion|Leontis|coast |4 |6 |6
----|Oion Dekailekon|Ptolemais|inlamd |3|3|3
----
Hagnous (deme)>Hagnous|Akamantis|inland|5 |5 |5
----|Tyrmeidai|Oineis|city|1(0)|1|1
----|Athmonon|Kekropis|inland|6 |10|10
----
Korydallos (deme)>Korydallos|Hippothontis |city|3 |3|3
----
Oinoe (Aiantis)>Oinoe|Aiantis|coast|4|4|6
----
Atene (deme)>Atene|Antiochis|coast|3|4|4
----|Apollonieis||new|||
Hadrianis{{harvnb|Traill|1975|loc=Table XV}}{| class="wikitable"! Deme! Former phyle! Trittys! #Quota in the first period ! #Quota in the second period ! #Quota in the third period ----|Pambotadai|Erechteis|coast|1 (0)|1 (0)|2
----
Phegaea (Aigeis)>Phegaia|Aigeis|coast|3 (4)|3 (4)|4
----
Oa (deme)>Oa|Pandionis|inland|4 |4|4
----|Skambonidai|Leontis|city|3|4 |4
----
Aphidna (deme)>Aphidna|Ptolemais|inlamd |16|16|16
----
Eitea (Antiochis)>Eitea|Akamantis|inland|2 |2 |2
----
Thria (deme)>Thria|Oineis|coast|7|8|8
----|Daidalidai|Kekropis|city|1 |1 |1
----
Elaious (deme)>Elaious|Hippothontis |coast|1 |1|1
----|Trikorynthos|Aiantis|coast|3|3|6
----
Besa (deme)>Besa|Antiochis|coast|2|2|2
----
Oinoe (Aiantis)>Oinoe|Attalis|coast|4|4|6
----|Antinoeis||new|||

The ten tribes of Thurii

When the city was settled under the support of Pericles and the command of Lampon and Xenocritus the population was organized in ten tribes, following the Athenian organization: there were tribes for the population of 1. Arcadia, 2. Achaea, 3. Elis, 4. Boeotia, 5. Delphi, 6. Dorians, 7. Ionians, 8. population of Euboea, 9. the islands and 10. Athenians.Fritz Schachermeyr, Perikles, Kohlhammer, Stuttgart–Berlin–Köln–Mainz 1969

Later usage

{{Expand section|date=March 2019}}The term "deme" (dēmos) survived into the Hellenistic and Roman eras. By the time of the Byzantine Empire, the term was used to refer to one of the four chariot racing factions, the Reds, the Blues, the Greens and the Whites.In modern Greece, the term dēmos is used to denote the municipalities.

Footnotes

{{reflist}}

References

  • BOOK, John S., Traill, The Political Organization of Attica, American School of Classical Studies at Athens (ASCSA), Amsterdam, 1975, 1353928, 978-0-87661-514-0, harv,
  • Fine, John V. A. The Ancient Greeks: A critical history (Harvard University Press, 1983). {{ISBN|0-674-03314-0}}.
  • Hornblower, Simon, and Anthony Spawforth, ed., The Oxford Classical Dictionary (Oxford University Press, 2003). {{ISBN|0-19-866172-X}}.
  • Meritt, B. D. The Athenian Year. Berkeley, 1961.
  • Suzanne, Bernard (1998). plato-dialogues.org, "Attic Tribes and Demes". Accessed August 1, 2006.
  • Whitehead, David. The Demes of Attica 508/7–ca. 250 BC: A Political and Social Study (Princeton University Press, 1986).
{{Greek terms for country subdivisions}}{{Types of administrative country subdivision|state=collapsed}}

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