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de jure
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{{short description|Latin expression, roughly meaning 'by law'}}{{distinguish|Du jour}}{{wiktionary}}In law and government, de jure ({{IPAc-en|d|eɪ|_|ˈ|dʒ|ʊər|i|,_|d|i|-}}; , "in law"; {{IPA-la|deː juːre}}) describes practices that are legally recognised, regardless whether the practice exists in reality.WEB,weblink de jure, Dictionary.com, LLC., Dictionary.com, 11 July 2016, In contrast, {{no wrap|de facto}} ("in fact") describes situations that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised.WEB, Definition of 'de facto' adjective from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary,weblink Oxford University Press, OxfordLearnersDictionaries.com, 11 July 2016, The terms are often used to contrast different scenarios: for a colloquial example, "I know that, de jure, this is supposed to be a parking lot, but now that the flood has left four feet of water here, it's a de facto swimming pool".WEB, Legal English: "De Facture/De Jure",weblink Washington University School of Law, @WashULaw, 28 December 2012, 11 July 2016, To further explain, even if the signs around the flooded parking lot say "Parking Lot" (the signs effectively being the "law" determining what it is) it is "in fact" a swimming pool (with the water, the current practical circumstances, determining what it is).

Examples

It is possible to have multiple simultaneous conflicting (de jure) legalities, possibly none of which is in force (de facto). After seizing power in 1526, Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi made his brother, Umar Din, the lawful (de jure) Sultan of Adal. Ahmad, however, was in practice (de facto) the actual Sultan, and his brother was a figurehead.WEB, Aḥmad Grāñ - Somalian Muslim leader,weblink Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., Britannica.com, 11 July 2016, Between 1805 and 1914, the ruling dynasty of Egypt ruled as de jure viceroys of the Ottoman Empire, but acted as de facto independent rulers who maintained a polite fiction of Ottoman suzerainty. However, from about 1882, the rulers had only de jure rule over Egypt, as it had by then become a British puppet state. Thus, Egypt was by Ottoman law de jure a province of the Ottoman Empire, but de facto was part of the British Empire.BOOK,weblink The British in Egypt: Community, Crime and Crises 1882-1922, Mak, Lanver, 2012-03-15, I.B.Tauris, 9781848857094, en, In U.S. law, particularly after Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the difference between de facto segregation (segregation that existed because of the voluntary associations and neighborhoods) and de jure segregation (segregation that existed because of local laws that mandated the segregation) became important distinctions for court-mandated remedial purposes.BOOK, James Anderson, Dara N. Byrne, The Unfinished Agenda of Brown V. Board of Education,weblink 29 April 2004, Diverse: Issues In Higher Education, 978-0-471-64926-7, 55–,

See also

References

{{Reflist}}{{Latin-legal-phrase-stub}}{{Law-stub}}

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