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brightness
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{{otheruses}}(File:LightningVolt Deep Blue Sea.jpg|thumb|Decreasing brightness with depth (underwater photo as example))Brightness is an attribute of visual perception in which a source appears to be radiating or reflecting light.Merriam-Webster.com Merriam-Webster Dictionary definition of bright In other words, brightness is the perception elicited by the luminance of a visual target. It is not necessarily proportional to luminance. This is a subjective attribute/property of an object being observed and one of the color appearance parameters of color appearance models. Brightness refers to an absolute term and should not be confused with Lightness.weblink Brightness vs. Lightness The adjective (:wikt:bright|bright) derives from an Old English beorht with the same meaning via metathesis giving Middle English briht. The word is from a Common Germanic , ultimately from a PIE root with a closely related meaning, *{{PIE|bhereg-}} "white, bright"."Brightness" was formerly used as a synonym for the photometric term luminance and (incorrectly) for the radiometric term radiance. As defined by the US Federal Glossary of Telecommunication Terms (FS-1037C), "brightness" should now be used only for non-quantitative references to physiological sensations and perceptions of light.“Brightness” in Federal Standard 1037C, the Federal Glossary of Telecommunication Terms (1996)A given target luminance can elicit different perceptions of brightness in different contexts; see, for example, White's illusion.In an RGB color space, brightness can be thought of as the arithmetic mean μ of the red, green, and blue color coordinates (although some of the three components make the light seem brighter than others, which, again, {{clarify|date=September 2019|text=may be compensated by some display systems automatically|reason=Compensated how exactly?}}):What are HSB and HLS?, Charles Poynton: "The usual formulation of HSB and HLS compute so-called "lightness" or "brightness" as (R + G + B)/3. This computation conflicts badly with the properties of colour vision, as it computes yellow to be about six times more intense than blue with the same "lightness" value (say L = 50)."
mu = {R + G + B over 3 }
Brightness is also a color coordinate in HSL color space : hue, saturation, and lightness, meaning here brightness.With regard to stars, brightness is quantified as apparent magnitude and absolute magnitude.Brightness is, at least in some respects, the antonym of darkness.

New meaning

The United States Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has assigned an unconventional meaning to brightness when applied to lamps. When appearing on light bulb packages, brightness means luminous flux, while in other contexts it means luminance.WEB, Shopping for Light Bulbs, United States Federal Trade Commission,weblink March 13, 2017, Luminous flux is the total amount of light coming from a source, such as a lighting device. Luminance, the original meaning of brightness, is the amount of light per solid angle coming from an area, such as the sky. The table below shows the standard ways of indicating the amount of light.{{SI light units}}

See also

Notes

{{reflist}}

External links

{{wiktionary|brightness}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
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- time: 8:46pm EDT - Sat, Oct 19 2019
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