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acrobatics
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{{short description|Performance of extraordinary human feats of balance, agility, and motor coordination}}{{redirect|Acrobat|the PDF software|Adobe Acrobat|other uses}}{{Refimprove|date=December 2016}}File:Chinese acrobat in midair being watched by other acrobats.jpg|thumb|upright|Chinese acrobat in midair after being propelled off a springboard, China, 1987]]Acrobatics (from Ancient Greek ἀκροβατέω, akrobateo, "walk on tiptoe, strut"ἀκροβατέω, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus) is the performance of extraordinary human feats of balance, agility, and motor coordination. It can be found in many of the performing arts, sporting events, and martial arts. Acrobatics is most often associated with activities that make extensive use of gymnastic elements, such as acro dance, circus, and gymnastics, but many other athletic activities — such as ballet and diving — may also employ acrobatics. Although acrobatics is most commonly associated with human body performance, it may also apply to other types of performance, such as aerobatics.

History

File:Hydria acrobat BM VaseF232.jpg|thumb|170px|A female acrobat depicted on an Ancient Greek hydriahydriaFile:Antikensammlung Berlin 525.JPG|170px|thumb|Female acrobat shooting an arrow with a bow in her feet; Gnathia style pelikai pottery; 4th century BC]]Acrobatic traditions are found in many cultures, and there is evidence that the earliest such traditions occurred thousands of years ago. For example, Minoan art from c. 2000 BC contains depictions of acrobatic feats on the backs of bulls. Ancient Greeks practiced acrobatics,JOURNAL, Iversen, Rune, Bronze Age acrobats: Denmark, Egypt, Crete., World Archaeology, June 2014, 46, 2, 242-255, and the noble court displays of the European Middle Ages would often include acrobatic performances that included juggling{{citation needed|date=October 2013}}.In China, acrobatics have been a part of the culture since the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220). Acrobatics were part of village harvest festivals.redpanda2000 During the Tang Dynasty, acrobatics saw much the same sort of development as European acrobatics saw during the Middle Ages, with court displays during the 7th through 10th century dominating the practice.Pasadena.edu Acrobatics continues to be an important part of modern Chinese variety art.Though the term initially applied to tightrope walking{{citation needed|date=October 2013}}, in the 19th century, a form of performance art including circus acts began to use the term as well. In the late 19th century, tumbling and other acrobatic and gymnastic activities became competitive sport in Europe.Acrobatics has often served as a subject for fine art. Examples of this are paintings such as Acrobats at the Cirque Fernando (Francisca and Angelina Wartenberg) by Impressionist Pierre-Auguste Renoir, which depicts two German acrobatic sisters, Pablo Picasso's 1905 Acrobat and Young Harlequin, and (:File:Vasnetsov Acrobats.jpg|Acrobats in a Paris suburb) by Viktor Vasnetsov.

Types

Aerial

An aerialist is an acrobat who performs in the air, on a suspended apparatus such as a trapeze, rope, cloud swing, aerial cradle, aerial pole, aerial silk, or aerial hoop.WEB,weblink National Institute of Circus Arts, Circus Dictionary, 2009-10-01,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110719162832weblink">weblink 2011-07-19, {{Gallery | width=170 | height=143
| File:Steben Twins.jpeg|A fixed doubles trapeze act
| File:Pirates of the Sky 6.jpg|Aerial hoop act
| File:Immortal Circus.jpg|Aerial silks
}}

Other

File:An acrobat performing in the contortion act of Cirque du Soleil's Nouvelle Expérience, 1994.jpg|Contortionist performing with Cirque du SoleilFile:Acrobat.jpg|High wire actFile:Korea-Jeonju-Jultagi-02.jpg|Korean tightrope-walking, JultagiFile:HandWalking.gif|Hand walking performed by an acro dancerFile:Native acrobats in India (c. 1863).jpg|Acrobatic performance in India circa 1863

See also

References

{{reflist}}

External links

{{commons category|Acrobatics}}{{Wiktionary|acrobatics}}{{Circus skills}}{{Gymnastics}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "acrobatics" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 5:10am EDT - Sun, Aug 25 2019
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