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Zhumadian
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factoids
|official_name = |other_name = Chumatien0.1em}}}}|nickname = |settlement_type =Prefecture-level city|total_type = |motto =|image_skyline =|imagesize =|image_caption =|image_flag = |flag_size =|image_seal = |seal_size =|image_shield = |shield_size =|image_blank_emblem =|blank_emblem_type =|blank_emblem_size =|image_map = ChinaHenanZhumadian.png|mapsize =|map_caption = Zhumadian in Henan|image_map1 = |mapsize1 = |map_caption1 = |image_dot_map =|dot_mapsize =|dot_map_caption =dot_y =|pushpin_map = China|pushpin_label_position = |pushpin_map_caption = Location in China|pushpin_mapsize =|subdivision_type = Country|subdivision_name = People's Republic of ChinaProvince (China)>Province|subdivision_name1 = Henan|subdivision_type2 = County-level divisions|subdivision_name2 = 10|subdivision_type3 = Township-level divisions|subdivision_name3 =|seat_type =|seat =|parts_type =|parts_style = |parts = |p1 =|p2 = |government_footnotes =|government_type =|leader_title =|leader_name =|leader_title1 = |leader_name1 =|leader_title2 =|leader_name2 =|leader_title3 =|leader_name3 =|leader_title4 =|leader_name4 =|established_title = |established_date = |established_title1 = |established_date1 = |established_title2 = |established_date2 = |established_title3 =|established_date3 =|founder =|named_for =|area_magnitude = |unit_pref = |area_footnotes =|area_total_km2 =14974 |area_land_km2 = |area_water_km2 =|area_water_percent =|area_urban_km2 =770|area_metro_km2 =770|area_blank1_title =|area_blank1_km2 =|elevation_footnotes = |elevation_m = |elevation_ft =|elevation_max_m = |elevation_max_ft =|elevation_min_m = |elevation_min_ft =|population_as_of =2010 census|population_footnotes =|population_note =|population_total =7230744|population_density_km2 =auto |population_metro =721670|population_density_metro_km2 =auto|population_urban =721670|population_density_urban_km2 =auto|population_blank1_title =|population_blank1 =|population_density_blank1_km2 =China Standard Time>China Standard|utc_offset = +832N02region:CN-41|display=inline,title}}Postal code of China>Postal code |postal_code =463000|area_code =0396CN-HA-17)|blank_name =GDP|blank_info = ¥4,184 per capita (2003)Nationalities of China>NationalitiesHan Chinese>HanLicense Plate (China)>License plate prefixeszhumadian.gov.cn}}|footnotes = }}Zhumadian ({{zh|s= |t= |p=Zhùmǎdiàn}}; postal: Chumatien) is a prefecture-level city in southern Henan province, China. It borders Xinyang to the south, Nanyang to the west, Pingdingshan to the northwest, Luohe to the north, Zhoukou to the northeast, and the province of Anhui to the east.Its population is 7,230,744 at the 2010 census of whom 721,678 live in the built-up or metro area made up of Yicheng District.WEB,weblink www.geohive.com geregistreerd via Argeweb - webhosting en domeinregistratie, www.geohive.com, 9 April 2018,

Administrative divisions

The prefecture-level city of Zhumadian administers 1 district and 9 counties. {| class="wikitable"! Map| {{Image label begin|image=Administrative Division Zhumadian.png|width={{{1|738}}}|link=}}{{Image label|x=890|y=800|scale={{{1|738}}}/2460|text=Yicheng}}{{Image label|x=900|y=210|scale={{{1|738}}}/2460|text=XipingCounty}}{{Image label|x=1470|y=310|scale={{{1|738}}}/2460|text=ShangcaiCounty}}{{Image label|x=1740|y=740|scale={{{1|738}}}/2460|text=PingyuCounty}}{{Image label|x=1500|y=1350|scale={{{1|738}}}/2460|text=ZhengyangCounty}}{{Image label|x=960|y=1140|scale={{{1|738}}}/2460|text=QueshanCounty}}{{Image label|x=320|y=930|scale={{{1|738}}}/2460|text=BiyangCounty}}{{Image label|x=1350|y=860|scale={{{1|738}}}/2460|text=RunanCounty}}{{Image label|x=890|y=490|scale={{{1|738}}}/2460|text=SuipingCounty}}{{Image label|x=2080|y=1030|scale={{{1|738}}}/2460|text=XincaiCounty}}

Geography

Zhumadian is situated at 32° 18'−33° 35' N latitude, and 113° 10'−115° 12' E longitude, with a maximum east-west width of {{convert|191.5|km}}, and at most {{convert|137.5|km|1}} long from south to north. The area of the prefecture is {{convert|15083|km2}}, occupying 8.9% of the total provincial area. Neighbouring prefectures are:
  • Fuyang, Anhui (E)
  • Xinyang (S)
  • Nanyang (W)
  • Pingdingshan (NW)
  • Luohe (N)
  • Zhoukou (NE)
The terrain is dominated by mountains, hills, hillocks, and plains.

Climate

Zhumadian has a four-season, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with cold, somewhat damp, winters, and hot, humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from {{convert|1.3|°C|1}} in January to {{convert|27.2|°C|1}} in July, while the annual mean is {{convert|14.86|°C|1}}. More than 60% of the annual precipitation of {{convert|979|mm|1|abbr=on}} occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 39% in March to 46% in four months, the city receives 1,927 hours of bright sunshine annually.{{Weather box|location = Zhumadian (1971−2000)|metric first= Y|single line= Y|Jan high C = 6.4|Feb high C = 8.9|Mar high C = 13.8|Apr high C = 21.2|May high C = 26.4|Jun high C = 30.9|Jul high C = 31.9|Aug high C = 30.8|Sep high C = 26.9|Oct high C = 21.7|Nov high C = 14.8|Dec high C = 8.9|year high C= 20.2|Jan mean C = 1.3|Feb mean C = 3.8|Mar mean C = 8.4|Apr mean C = 15.4|May mean C = 20.6|Jun mean C = 25.4|Jul mean C = 27.2|Aug mean C = 26.1|Sep mean C = 21.5|Oct mean C = 16.0|Nov mean C = 9.3|Dec mean C = 3.5|year mean C= 14.9|Jan record high C = 21.3|Feb record high C = 25.7|Mar record high C = 30.8|Apr record high C = 35.8|May record high C = 37.7|Jun record high C = 41.0|Jul record high C = 41.9|Aug record high C = 41.5|Sep record high C = 38.8|Oct record high C = 34.7|Nov record high C = 30.1|Dec record high C = 21.7|Jan record low C = −18.0|Feb record low C = −18.1|Mar record low C = −10.0|Apr record low C = -1.2|May record low C = 4.4|Jun record low C = 10.7|Jul record low C = 16.0|Aug record low C = 13.9|Sep record low C = 7.1|Oct record low C = -1.5|Nov record low C = −8.7|Dec record low C = −14.8|Jan low C = −2.7|Feb low C = −0.8|Mar low C = 3.6|Apr low C = 9.9|May low C = 15.0|Jun low C = 20.3|Jul low C = 23.4|Aug low C = 22.3|Sep low C = 17.2|Oct low C = 11.3|Nov low C = 4.8|Dec low C = −0.8|year low C= 10.3|precipitation colour = green|Jan precipitation mm = 21.4|Feb precipitation mm = 25.0|Mar precipitation mm = 51.3|Apr precipitation mm = 58.2|May precipitation mm = 84.3|Jun precipitation mm = 130.0|Jul precipitation mm = 194.4|Aug precipitation mm = 180.5|Sep precipitation mm = 106.7|Oct precipitation mm = 71.8|Nov precipitation mm = 39.2|Dec precipitation mm = 16.4|Jan humidity= 69|Feb humidity= 69|Mar humidity= 71|Apr humidity= 71|May humidity= 71|Jun humidity= 70|Jul humidity= 81|Aug humidity= 83|Sep humidity= 78|Oct humidity= 73|Nov humidity= 71|Dec humidity= 67|unit precipitation days = 0.1 mm|Jan precipitation days = 5.3|Feb precipitation days = 5.9|Mar precipitation days = 8.6|Apr precipitation days = 7.9|May precipitation days = 9.8|Jun precipitation days = 9.2|Jul precipitation days = 12.7|Aug precipitation days = 11.3|Sep precipitation days = 9.5|Oct precipitation days = 8.7|Nov precipitation days = 6.2|Dec precipitation days = 4.9|year precipitation days=100.0Jan percentsun = 41Feb percentsun = 40Mar percentsun = 39Apr percentsun = 46May percentsun = 45Jun percentsun = 46Jul percentsun = 42Aug percentsun = 43Sep percentsun = 43Oct percentsun = 45Nov percentsun = 46Dec percentsun = 46
|source = weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130921055035weblink">China Meteorological Administration }}

Agriculture

Mainly wheat, maize, peanut, sesame, green beans and tobacco.

Culture

Zhumadian has a rich cultural history and the birthplace of many great people in ancient times {{Citation needed|date=January 2010}}. There is an old site of Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai who are the characters in the Butterfly Lovers, a famous Chinese story.

Dams

Zhumadian has 62 different dams including Banqiao Dam within its territory. The failure of the Banqiao and Shimantan Dams in 1975, which caused more than 150,000 casualties and made more than 10 million people homeless, is considered the biggest catastrophe of its kind.

Transportation

One of the Chinese main highways, China National Highway 107, runs through Zhumadian. Zhumadian also has its own transportation system.

References

{{Reflist|colwidth=30em}}

External links

{{Henan topics}}{{Henan}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Zhumadian" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 9:20am EST - Mon, Nov 18 2019
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