Yuri Milner

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Yuri Milner
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Moscow, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic>Russian SFSR, Soviet Union| residence = Los Altos Hills, CaliforniaState of Israel>Israeli, Russian| alma_mater = Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania (MBA)Moscow State University| occupation = Businessman: venture capitalist, founder of Digital Sky Technologies (DST Global)Julia Bochkova|2004}}| children = 3 daughtersWORK=FORBES, 19 September 2019, }}Yuri Borisovich (Bentsionovich) MilnerFund to facilitate the preparation of the 300-year anniversary of St. Petersburg. - St. Petersburg Vedomosti, 30.05.2003. - № 319. (; born 11 November 1961Новый зампред МЕНАТЕПа - New deputy chairman on MENATEP – Kommersant, 11.02.1997. - № 8) is an Israeli-Russian entrepreneur, venture capitalist and physicist. Milner is Russia's most influential tech investor. He is a co-founder and former Chairman of internet company Group (former name Digital Sky Technologies (DST))WEB, Owen Matthews,weblink Yuri Milner: Facebook's Russian Sugar Daddy, The Daily Beast, 6 January 2011, 2011-08-18, and a founder of investment firm DST Global. Through DST Global, Milner is an investor in Facebook, Zynga, Twitter, Flipkart, Spotify, Zocdoc, Groupon,, Xiaomi, OlaCabs, Alibaba, Airbnb, WhatsApp, Nubank, Wish and many others.Milner's personal investments also include a stake in 23andMe,NEWS,weblink 23andMe Nabs Billionaire Yuri Milner As Investor, Cuts Price To $99, Forbes, Matthew, Herper, 11 December 2012, Habito, Planet Labs, minority stake in a real estate investments start-up, Cadre, founded by Jared Kushner,WEB,weblink Kremlin Cash Behind Billionaire’s Twitter and Facebook Investments; Leaked files show that a state-controlled bank in Moscow helped to fuel Yuri Milner’s ascent in Silicon Valley, where the Russia investigation has put tech companies under scrutiny., Jesse Drucker, November 5, 2017,, 8 March 2018, WEB,weblink Leaked documents link Trump’s Commerce Secretary to Putin cronies, Four Corners with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, November 5, 2017,, 8 March 2018, and others. In September 2017 Forbes included Milner to the list of 100 greatest living business mindsweblink Milner was named one of the World's Greatest Leaders by Fortune magazine in March 2017,NEWS,weblink, The World's 50 Greatest Leaders, Fortune, was listed in the "Titans" category of Time magazine's 2016 Time 100.WEB,, The 100 Most Influential People - TIME,, 8 June 2017, Foreign Policy magazine included Milner on its "Power List" – an inaugural list of the 500 most powerful people on the planet in May 2013.WEB,weblink The FP Power Map, 8 June 2017, Foreign Policy, Milner was included in Bloomberg Markets' 2012 50 Most Influential list. In Fortune{{'}}s 2010 list of the world's fifty most prominent businessmen, Milner was ranked 46th. That same year Russian business magazine Vedomosti recognized him as "Businessman of the Year".Yuri Milner in the directory Vedomosti

Early life and education

Born into a Jewish familyWired Magazine: "How Russian Tycoon Yuri Milner Bought His Way Into Silicon Valley" By Michael Wolff 21 October 2011WEB, Mousumi Saha Kumar, Self-Made Billionaire Investor Yuri Milner Sets $3 Million Prize for Physics,weblink 13 October 2013, on 11 November 1961 in Moscoweblink Yuri Milner was the second child of Russian intellectuals.MAGAZINE,weblink The Billionaire Who Friended the Web, Forbes, 28 March 2011, 2011-08-18, Parmy, Olson, His father, {{ill|Bentsion Zakharovitch Milner|ru|Мильнер, Бенцион Захарович}}, was active in the sphere of management and organisation. He was Chief Deputy Director at the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences.WEB,weblink Официальный сайт Государственного Университета Управления,, 2011-08-18, Betty Iosifovna Milner, Yuri's mother, worked at the capital's state-run virological laboratory for disease control. His older sister, eight years his senior, is an architect.Milner studied theoretical physics at Moscow State University, graduating in 1985. He went on to work at Lebedev Physical Institute, one of the institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences, in the same department as the Nobel Prize winner Vitaly Ginzburg. As a doctoral candidate in particle physics, Milner befriended Soviet nuclear physicist and human rights activist Andrei Sakharov. Sakharov's forward thinking would later influence Milner's venture investment strategy.NEWS, Parmy Olson,weblink A Day In The Life Of Yuri Milner, Web Billionaire s,, 2011-08-18, In 1990, Milner became the first non-émigré from the Soviet Union to go to the United States to receive an MBA at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.NEWS,weblink London, The Times, Mike, Harvey, Big shot Yuri Milner makes logical expansion of his network, 30 May 2009, The press quoted him as saying that he made this decision after "being disappointed in myself as a physicist"weblink Milner was a commencement speaker for the Wharton Business School's 2017 class.weblink

Business career

Milner started his business career selling grey market DOS computers in the Soviet Union, which displeased his father. When the national government collapsed, he stopped selling computers to enroll at the Wharton School to earn an MBA.WEB, WIRED, How Russian Tycoon Yuri Milner Bought His Way Into Silicon Valley,weblink Michael Wolff, 21 October 2011, After graduating, Milner spent the first half of the 1990s at the World Bank in Washington, D.C., as a Russian banking specialist focused on the development of private sector banking. He has described his time at the World Bank as his "lost years", due to watching from afar the privatization of government holdings during the presidency of Boris Yeltsin. In the spring of 1995, Milner was appointed CEO of Alliance-Menatep, a stockbrokerage company belonging to then oligarch Mikhail Khodorkovsky. In December 1996 Milner worked as Vice President and Head of Investment Management of Menatep Bank. In February 1997 Milner was appointed the deputy chairman and the head of the investment division of Menatep Bank but left this position in early 199weblink At the time, the market makers described him as "a well-known professional, who will bring the bank valuable experience in international financial institutions and transactions in the Russian investment market"

Russian Internet investor

In 1999, after reading a review by Morgan Stanley analyst Mary Meeker on the prospects for online businesses, Milner decided to create an internet company. He sought funding from his friend from Menatep days Gregory Finger, who at the time led the Russian branch of the US investment fund New Century Holding. The fund agreed to invest $4.5 million with the proviso that Milner and Finger each personally invest $750,000. Milner, Finger, and NCH created a new company, NetBridge.WEB,weblink Мильнер, Юрий,, 8 June 2017, In 2000, Milner became the president of Netbridge Services Ltd (netBridge) – the company that was, "created as an Internet incubator and investment fund". Netbridge succeeded in transferring a variety of U.S.-pioneered internet business models to Russia, creating companies including the portal, online auction site (based on eBay), free web-hosting (based on GeoCities), and online shop 24×7, using the formula of February 2001, netBridge and (which owned announced a merger. Milner became CEO of the new company named (though the legal name was also retained).From January 2003 to December 2004, Milner was the CEO of "Neftyanoi", owned by Igor Linshits.{{Citation needed|date=November 2017}}In 2005, NCH shifted its focus from Russian Internet projects and Milner founded the investment fund Digital Sky Technologies (DST), becoming its chairman in 2006. A meeting through mutual friends resulted in Alisher Usmanov becoming a shareholder of Group in 2008.In 2010 Group completed successful initial public offering on the London Stock Exchange with market valuation of $5.6 billion.Mail.Ru Group IPO Pricing Announcementweblink{{dead link|date=July 2016 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}In March 2012, Milner stepped down from the role of chairman of and from the board of Group press releaseweblink {{Webarchive|url= |date=16 March 2012 }} Dmitry Grishin was elected to the board and appointed as chairman while retaining his CEO position. There were no other changes to management or to the board.Post Group’s IPO, DST is the sole vehicle for further international investments. The company is now fully independent of Group prospectus WEB,weblink Archived copy, 10 April 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 17 March 2012, From May 2009 to January 2012 Milner was a member of the Commission on Modernization established by Dmitry Medvedev, the Russian President from 2008 to 2012.WEB,weblink Dmitry Medvedev - The Russian Government,,

International Internet investor

In January 2009, while in Palo Alto, Milner became acquainted with Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg. The meeting led to an agreement on 26 May 2009 under which DST bought a 1.96% stake in Facebook for $200 million.MAGAZINE, Gustin, Sam, Time Tech 40: The Most Influential Minds in Tech,weblink Time, 12 February 2014, 1 May 2013, On 16 September 2010, Digital Sky Technologies (DST) changed its name to " Group". The group's portfolio included,, ICQ, a minority stake in the social network VKontakte (Russian Facebook equivalent), online payments service, e‑Port, as well as some other Russian assets. Milner's commercial interests in Facebook, Zynga, and Groupon were transferred to DST Global. Milner became the CEO of DST Global and the chairman of the board of directors of Group. In November 2010, Group held its offering on the London Stock Exchange.WEB, Group Limited Announces Intention to Conduct an Initial Public Offering and Listing on the London Stock Exchange,weblink BusinessWire, 12 February 2014, In March 2012, Milner stepped down from the role of chairman of and from the board of directors. Milner focused on international Internet investments.DST Global became one of the world’s leading technology investors and its portfolio has included some of the world's most prominent internet companies, such as Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Snapchat, Airbnb, Spotify, Alibaba, and others.WEB,weblink Yuri Milner's schedule for Bloomberg Tech Conference 2016,, 8 June 2017, On 5 November 2017, The New York Times reported that Milner had strong Kremlin backing for his investments in Facebook and Twitter. Milner denied this allegations in his open letter published in ReCodeweblink

Selected investments

  • On 29 January 2011, Milner announced that he would invest $150,000 into each of the start‑up program participants selected by the incubator Y Combinator.NEWS, Arrington, Michael, Start Fund: Yuri Milner, SV Angel Offer EVERY New Y Combinator Startup $150k,weblink TechCrunch, 12 February 2014,
  • On 2 August 2011, DST Global invested $800 million in Twitter.
  • In September 2011, DST Global together with Silver Lake launched $1.6 billion tender offer for shares in the Alibaba Group.WEB,weblink Silver Lake and DST Begin Tender Offer for Alibaba Shares, Evelyn M., Rusli,, 8 June 2017,
  • DST Global invested $125 million in WhatsApp.NEWS,weblink Yuri Milner's Unparalleled Global Tech Gold-Mining Machine, Parmy Olson, Forbes,
  • In February 2014, it was announced that Milner had led a round of funding for cloud-graphics company, Otoy.WEB, Takahashi, Dean, Russia’s premiere tech investor Yuri Milner invests in cloud graphics company Otoy,weblink Venture Beat, 12 February 2014,
  • In May 2014, Flipkart raised $210 million in a financing round Led by DST Global.WEB,weblink$210-million-into-flipkart/37870/1, Forbes India Magazine - DST Global pumps $210 million into Flipkart,,
  • In March 2015, British online luxury fashion company Farfetch said it raised $86 million from investment firm DST Global and existing shareholders, valuing the company at $1 billion.NEWS,weblink Online fashion company Farfetch raises $86 million from DST Global, others, Reuters, 4 March 2015,
  • According to press reports, in April 2015 OlaCabs raised $315 million from DST Global and some existing investors.WEB,weblink Ola Cabs raises fresh funds as it seeks to outrun Uber, Financial Times,
  • In April 2016, online mortgage broker platform Habito launched with backing from Milner, amongst other fintech investors.O'Hear, Steve. "Habito is another London startup aiming for a slice of U.K.’s lucrative mortgage market", TechCrunch, London, 12 April 2016. Retrieved on 18 April 2016.

Forbes List Controversy

On January 29, 2018, Milner’s name was included in the United States Treasury Department’s “Report to Congress Pursuant to Section 241 of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act of 2017 Regarding Senior Foreign Political Figures and Oligarchs in the Russian Federation and Russian Parastatal Entities” (CAATSA)United States Treasury Department, Report to Congress Pursuant to Section 241 of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act of 2017 Regarding Senior Foreign Political Figures and Oligarchs in the Russian Federation and Russian Parastatal Entities,“ (Jan. 29, 2019), a list of 96 individuals of Russian heritage who “have an estimated net worth of $1 billion or more.”United States Treasury Department, Report to Congress Pursuant to Section 241 of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act of 2017 Regarding Senior Foreign Political Figures and Oligarchs in the Russian Federation and Russian Parastatal Entities,“ (Jan. 29, 2019) Although it was widely, and incorrectly, reported in the media that those on the list “may be subject to sanctions,” See, e.g., Donna Borak, “US names Russian oligarchs in ‘Putin list’ but imposes no new sanctions,” (Feb. 12, 2019), available atweblink the CAATSA Report itself made clear that it “in no way should be interpreted to impose sanctions on those individuals or entities”. It also specified that inclusion in the report “does not constitute the determination by any agency that any of those individuals or entities meet the criteria for designation under any sanctions program,” and in no way indicates that “the U.S. Government has information about the individual’s involvement in malign activities.”CAATSA Treasury List; see also Resource Center, OFAC FAQs: Other Sanctions Programs, Topic 552, available atweblink Shortly after the list was released, it was reported that the Treasury Department had simply copied it from the Forbes’ 2017 “World Billionaires” list: people on the Forbes list who had Russian heritage and a net worth of $1 billion or more had been indiscriminately included in the CAATSA Report. In its response to a lawsuit asserting that the compilation of the list was “arbitrary, capricious, and contrary to law,” See Complaint, Gapontsev v. U.S. Dept. of the Treasury, No. 1:18-cv-02826, in the United Stated District Court for the District of Columbia, available atweblink C. Ryan Barber, “DOJ Doesn’t Deny Treasury’s Russian ‘Oligarch’ List Was Copied From Forbes,” (Apr. 23, 2019), available atweblink the Treasury Department has confirmed that it is “not challenging” the allegation that it had “simply republished” the Forbes billionaires list. C. Ryan Barber, “DOJ Doesn’t Deny Treasury’s Russian ‘Oligarch’ List Was Copied From Forbes,” (Apr. 23, 2019), available atweblink

'Breakthrough' projects

Breakthrough Prize

In July 2012, Yuri and Julia Milner established the Breakthrough Prize, joined the following year by Sergey Brin, Priscilla Chan, Anne Wojcicki and Mark Zuckerberg. The Prize is a set of international awards recognizing three fields of endeavor: Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics, Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences, and Breakthrough Prize in Mathematics. Laureates receive $3 million each in prize money, making the Breakthrough Prizes the largest scientific awards in the world.Take that, Alfred., The Economist There are also New Horizons awards in physics and mathematics for younger researchers who have already produced significant work.Committees of previous laureates choose the winners from candidates nominated in a process that is online and open to the public.WEB,weblink Breakthrough Prize: About, Breakthrough Prize, {{As of|2017|March}}, $174.8m in prize-money has been awarded to 70 individual scientists and four large research teams.WEB,weblink Breakthrough Prize,, The Prizes are presented annually at a gala ceremony featuring celebrity presentations, films, comedy and live music. The last four ceremonies took place at Hangar One (Mountain View, California). The annual celebrations also includes symposiums in the three recognized fields. The program is broadcast live on the web.Breakthrough Prize Symposium {{webarchive |url= |date=14 April 2015 }}, Mathematical Sciences Research Institute

Breakthrough Initiatives

In July 2015, Milner launched Breakthrough Initiatives, a scientific program to investigate the question of life in the Universe. He announced the initiatives at the Royal Society in London, alongside Stephen Hawking, Martin Rees, Frank Drake, Geoff Marcy and Ann Druyan.NEWS,weblink Scientific American, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Nets Historic Cash Infusion., 20 July 2015, Three initiatives have been announced so far: The first, Breakthrough Listen, will invest $100 million over 10 years in a search for evidence of civilizations beyond Earth.NEWS,weblink BBC, Prof Stephen Hawking backs venture to listen for aliens, 20 July 2015, Utilizing the Green Bank, Parkes, Lick,NEWS,weblink The New York Times, Stephen Hawking Joins Russian Entrepreneur's Search for Alien Life, 20 July 2015, and FAST observatories, Listen is searching for radio and laser signals from the nearest million stars, the nearest 100 galaxies, and the plane and center of the Milky Way.NEWS,weblink Guardian, Stephen Hawking launches $100m search for alien life beyond solar system, 21 July 2015, The initiative will also use the SETI@home distributed computing project.NEWS,weblink, Stephen Hawking Helps Launch Massive Search for E.T., 20 July 2015, The second initiative, Breakthrough Message, will be a $1 million annual prize for digital messages representing Earth and humanity, that could be decoded by another civilization. The messages will not be sent into space until a global discussion on the ethics of such a move has taken place.The third project, Breakthrough Starshot, was announced 12 April 2016weblink Starshot is a US$100 million program to develop a proof-of-concept light sail spacecraft fleet capable of making the journey to Alpha Centauri at 20% the speed of light (60 million m/s or 215 million km/h) taking about 20 years to get there, and about 4 years to notify Earth of a successful arrival.NEWS, Overbye, Dennis, Dennis Overbye, A Visionary Project Aims for Alpha Centauri, a Star 4.37 Light-Years Away,weblink 12 April 2016, New York Times, 12 April 2016, NEWS, Stone, Maddie,weblink Stephen Hawking and a Russian Billionaire Want to Build an Interstellar Starship, Gizmodo, 12 April 2016, 12 April 2016, WEB,weblink Breakthrough Starshot, Breakthrough Initiatives, 12 April 2016, 12 April 2016, On 20 April 2017, the Breakthrough Discuss conference was held, during which the results of a year worth of data analysis was discussed. According to the researchers, 692 stars were analyzed.NEWS,weblink A Russian tycoon's $100 million effort to listen for aliens has published its first results, Business Insider, 2017-05-17, en,

Breakthrough Junior Challenge

In September 2015, the Breakthrough Prize launched the Breakthrough Junior Challenge,weblink, breakthroughjuniorchallenge.orgweblink, silicon a science competition for people between thirteen and eighteen years of age, in collaboration with Khan Academy.

Long-term vision

Milner believes that the internet will develop into a "global brain"—which is often described as an intelligent network of individuals and machines—functioning as a nervous system for the planet Earth. He also envisages that the advent of the internet of things and ever increasing use of social media will increase humans' collective intelligence.Chrystia Freeland: The advent of the global brainBen Parr:Could Facebook Become the Basis for Artificial Intelligence?

Personal life

In an interview with Vedomosti in 2010, Milner said:In the past few years I simply do not have time for hobbies. I am even starting to forget what I was fond of. Such as in the past it was reading of literature not related to work.NEWS,weblink Vedomosti, Anastasia, Golitsyn, Igor, Tsukanov, There is coming an era for people with a mathematical state of mind, 28 December 2010, Milner is married to former high fashion model and contemporary artist Julia Milner (née Bochkova). She is interested in photography: during the 52nd Venice Biennale of Contemporary Art she produced a contribution entitled Click I Hope.NEWS,weblink Russian Dreams Info, RUSSIAN DREAMS, 2008, In 2011, Milner bought a $100 million home in Los Altos Hills.NEWS,weblink The San Francisco Chronicle, Kathleen, Pender, Yuri Milner buys $100 million Los Altos Hills home, 12 May 2011, The compound spans three plots totaling seven hectares and includes a roughly {{convert|25500|sqft|m2|adj=on}} main house and a {{convert|5500|sqft|m2|adj=on}} guest house. The current tax bill is about $304,000 a year. The Wall Street Journal reported the price as $100 million, saying it was the most ever paid for a single-family home in the United States. The property is appraised by the Santa Clara County assessor at $50 million.WEB,weblink Russian tycoon's Silicon Valley mansion worth half its $100 million purchase price, assessor says,, Milner lives in Silicon Valley with his family. Milner attends synagogue, but says that he is only minimally religiously observant.

Awards and recognitions

  • "The World's 50 Greatest Leaders" – Fortune, April 2018.NEWS,weblink The World's 50 Greatest Leaders, Fortune,
  • "100 Greatest Living Business Minds" – Forbes, September 2017.NEWS,weblink 100 Greatest Living Business Minds, Fortune,
  • "The World's 50 Greatest Leaders" – Fortune, March 2017.NEWS,weblink The World's 50 Greatest Leaders, Fortune,
  • "The Midas List 2017" – Forbes, April 2017.NEWS,weblink The Midas List, Forbes,
  • "The Wired 100 - 2016" – Wired, August 2016.NEWS,weblink The Wired 100, Wired,
  • "The 100 Richest Tech Billionaires In The World In 2016" – Forbes, August 2016.NEWS,weblink The 100 Richest Tech Billionaires In The World In 2016, Forbes,
  • "Time 100 Most Influential People 2016" – Time, April 2016.NEWS,weblink The 100 Most Influential People, Time,
  • "The Midas List 2016" – Forbes, April 2016.NEWS,weblink The Midas List, Forbes,
  • "The Midas China List 2016" – Forbes, April 2016.NEWS,weblink The Midas China List, Forbes,
  • "New Establishment List 2015" – Vanity Fair, September 2015.NEWS,weblink New Establishment Summit, Vanity Fair,
  • "Wired 100" – Wired, August 2015.NEWS,weblink Most influential people in European tech, Wired,
  • "The Midas List 2014-" Forbes, April 2015.NEWS,weblink The Midas List, Forbes,
  • "New Establishment List 2014" – Vanity Fair, September 2014.NEWS,weblink New Establishment Summit, Vanity Fair,
  • "The Midas List 2013" – Forbes, May 2013.NEWS,weblink The Midas List, Forbes,
  • "Power Map: 500 most powerful people on the planet" – Foreign Policy, May 2013.WEB,weblink ForeignPolicy - Power Map, Foreign Policy, 8 June 2017,
  • "Most Influential 50" – Bloomberg Markets, September 2012.NEWS,weblink Most Influential 50 in Global Finance List: Bloomberg Markets, 7 September 2011,,
  • "The Silicon Valley 100" – Business Insider, February 2012.WEB,weblink The Silicon Valley 100: 1-100, 2 February 2012, Business Insider,
  • "Top 50 Digital Power Players" – The Hollywood Reporter, January 2012.Top 50 Digital Power Players, The Hollywood Reporter
  • "Businessperson of the Year – Top 50" – Fortune, November 2011.NEWS,weblink CNN, 2011 Businessperson of the Year,
  • "Man of the Year" – GQ (Russian), October 2011.WEB,weblink Archived copy, 8 February 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 6 December 2011,
  • "Vanity Fair{{'}}s New Establishment List 2011" – Vanity Fair, September 2011.WEB,weblink The New Establishment 2011 - Yuri Milner, Vanity Fair,
  • "Kommersant of the Year" – Kommersant, June 2011.WEB,weblink Ъ-FM - "Коммерсантъ" одарил бизнесменов щедрой рукой,,
  • "The 100 Most Creative People" – Fast Company, May 2011.WEB,weblink 3. Yuri Milner, Fast Company, 8 February 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 24 February 2012, dead, dmy-all,
  • "The Midas List of Tech's Top Investors" - Forbes, April 2011.NEWS,weblink 25 Yuri Milner Digital Sky Technologies, Forbes,
  • "World's Billionaires" – Forbes, March 2011.NEWS,weblink Yuri Milner, David Prosser, Forbes,
  • "Owners of Virtual Reality List" – Forbes (Russian), February 2011.WEB,weblink ФОТО: Хозяева виртуальной реальности -,,
  • "Businessman of the Year" – Vedomosti, December 2010.WEB,weblink ВЕДОМОСТИ - Бизнесмен года – Юрий Мильнер, основатель Group и DST Global,,
  • "The Smartest People in Tech" – Fortune, July 2010.NEWS,weblink CNN, The smartest people in tech, 9 July 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 18 January 2012,

See also


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