Yoshihiko Noda

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Yoshihiko Noda
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{{pp-move-indef}}{{Japanese name|Noda}}{{Use dmy dates|date=May 2018}}

| native_name_lang = ja| image = Yoshihiko Noda cropped 1 Yoshihiko Noda 20110902.jpg| caption = Yoshihiko Noda| order = 62nd| office = Prime Minister of Japan| monarch = Akihito| deputy = Katsuya Okada| term_start = 2 September 2011| term_end = 26 December 2012| predecessor = Naoto Kan| successor = Shinzō AbeMinister of Finance (Japan)>Minister of Finance| primeminister1 = Naoto Kan| term_start1 = 8 June 2010| term_end1 = 2 September 2011| predecessor1 = Naoto Kan| successor1 = Jun AzumiMinister of Finance (Japan)>Senior Vice Minister of Finance| primeminister2 = Yukio Hatoyama| term_start2 = 16 September 2009| term_end2 = 8 June 2010Wataru TakeshitaMasatoshi Ishida (politician)>Masatoshi Ishida| successor2 = Motohisa IkedaNaoki MinezakiHouse of Representatives (Japan)>House of Representatives| term_start3 = 26 June 2000| term_end3 = | predecessor3 = Shōichi Tanaka| successor3 = | constituency3 = Chiba 4th district| term_start4 = 19 July 1993| term_end4 = 27 September 1996| predecessor4 = Ken'ichi Ueno| successor4 = District AbolishedChiba 1st district (1947–93)>Chiba 1st district195720|df=y}}| birth_place = Funabashi, Chiba, Japan| death_date = | death_place = Democratic Party (Japan, 1998)>Democratic
  • DPJ {{small|(1996–2016, merger){edih}
  • NFP {{small|(1994–1996)}}
  • JNP {{small|(1992–1994)}}}}
(1992–present)}}| children = 2| alma_mater = Waseda University| religion = Buddhism| website = Government website}}{{nihongo|Yoshihiko Noda|野田 佳彦|Noda Yoshihiko|extra=born 20 May 1957}} is a Japanese politician who was Prime Minister of Japan from 2011 to 2012. He was a member of the Democratic Party, and a member of the House of Representatives (lower house) in the Diet (national legislature). He was named to succeed Naoto Kan as a result of a runoff vote against Banri Kaieda in his party,Yoshihiko Noda wins Japan leadership race, BBC, 29 August 2011. and was formally appointed by the Emperor on 2 September 2011.Following a severe loss for the DPJ in the December 2012 general election, Noda conceded defeat and announced his resignation as party leader. He was succeeded by Shinzō Abe as Prime Minister on 26 December 2012.NEWS,weblink Japan's Shinzo Abe unveils cabinet after voted in as PM, BBC, 26 December 2012, 8 January 2013,

Early life

Noda was born in Funabashi, Chiba on 20 May 1957, the son of a paratrooper in the Japan Self-Defense Forces.WEB,weblink Profile: Yoshihiko Noda, a fiscal hawk flies into Japan's top post, People's Daily, 29 August 2011, 29 August 2011, Unlike many prominent Japanese politicians, Noda has no family connections to Nagatachō. His parents were too poor to pay for a wedding reception.NEWS,weblink Japan’s Noda Faces Short Honeymoon, Bloomberg L.P., 29 August 2011, 29 August 2011, Sachiko, Sakamaki, Keiko, Ujikane, Hongo, Jun, "Noda a grappler, wears many hats", Japan Times, 31 August 2011, p. 3.Noda graduated from Chiba Prefectural Funabashi Senior High School in 1975. He graduated from Waseda University with the B.A. degree in Political Science in 1980 and was later accepted into the prestigious Matsushita Institute. This institution was founded by Kōnosuke Matsushita (the founder of Panasonic) to groom future civic leaders of Japan. While attending the Matsushita Institute, Noda read household gas meters as a part-time job in his native Chiba Prefecture, partially in order to get to know his future constituents better in preparation for a run for office.NEWS,weblink Japan's Noda: Low-Key on Domestic Issues, Controversial Abroad, The Wall Street Journal, 29 August 2011, 29 August 2011, Yuka, Hayashi, He was first elected to the assembly of Chiba Prefecture in 1987 at the age of 29.Japan Times, "Cabinet Profiles: Kan's lineup", 9 June 2010, p. 4.

Diet career

File:Yoshihiko Noda and Timothy Geithner 20101106.jpg|thumb|left|Noda with Singapore Finance Minister Tharman Shanmugaratnam and U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy GeithnerTimothy GeithnerIn 1993, he was elected to the Diet for first time representing Chiba's Lower House District #4 as a member of the now-defunct Japan New Party. He later joined the DPJ and served as its Diet affairs chief as well as head of the party's public relations office.In October 2005, Noda criticized Prime Minister Jun'ichirō Koizumi for his position on Japanese class A war criminals as "war criminals". However, Noda supported Koizumi's visit to Yasukuni Shrine.WEB,weblink ja:ポスト菅・身上書:野田佳彦財務相 教育、靖国で保守強調, Japanese,, Mainichi Shimbun, 18 August 2011, 29 August 2011, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 16 November 2011, Noda acted as senior vice finance minister when the DPJ won control of the Diet in September 2009, and was appointed as Minister of Finance by Prime Minister Naoto Kan in June 2010. He was known as a reformist and had led a DPJ intraparty group critical of ex-DPJ powerbroker Ichirō Ozawa. Upon assuming the post of finance minister, Noda, a fiscal conservative, expressed his determination to slash Japan's deficit and rein in gross public debt. In January 2011, for the first time in six years, the finance ministry intervened in the foreign exchange market and spent 2.13 trillion yen to purchase dollars in order to rein in the yen’s spiraling appreciation.File:Poster from Noda in Toyonaka DSCN3478 20121008.JPG|thumb|Poster in ToyonakaToyonaka

Prime Minister

File:Yoshihiko Noda copped 1 APEC Japan 2010 Finance Ministers Meeting member 20101106.jpg|thumb|Noda at the 2010 APECAPECFile:2012-05-19 Дмитрий Медведев, Есихико Нода.jpeg|thumb|Noda with Russian Prime Minister Dmitry MedvedevDmitry MedvedevAfter Naoto Kan's resignation in August 2011, Noda stood as a candidate in the party election to replace him.WEB,weblink Noda declares DPJ election candidacy, calls for fiscal discipline, Mainichi Newspapers Co. Ltd., 27 August 2011, 28 August 2011, Johnston, Eric, "Contenders' backgrounds", Japan Times, 28 August 2011, p. 2. He won a runoff vote against Banri Kaieda in the leadership election, making him the presumptive prime minister. He inherited the challenge of rebuilding from the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.WEB,weblink Yoshihiko Noda elected Japan's new PM, 29 August 2011, Indiavision news, During the party caucus making the leadership decision, Noda made a 15-minute speech in which he summarized his political career by comparing himself to dojo loach, a kind of bottom-feeding fish. Paraphrasing a poem by Mitsuo Aida, he said, "I'll never be a goldfish in a scarlet robe, but like a loach in muddy waters. I'll work hard for the people, to move politics forward." The "loach speech" was popular among his colleagues and cemented his political reputation at the start of his term.NEWS, Noda’s likening himself to loach in speech helped endear him to DPJ,weblink 9 January 2014, Japan Times, 2 September 2011, Noda was said to have close relations with the United States, and stressed the importance of the US-Japan security alliance in an August 2011 speech.Doubts already emerging over Japan's new PM|Television New Zealand| TVNZ|(29 August 2011) Retrieved on 26 June 2012. {{webarchive |url= |date=14 October 2012 }} On 15 August 2011 —the anniversary of the Surrender of Japan in World War II, he said that Japan's class A war criminals convicted by the Allies were not legally war criminals under his view.WEB,weblink S. Korea blasts Noda's war criminal remarks, The Japan Times, 17 August 2011, 29 August 2011, As prime minister he stated that his position on this issue would follow the standard set by previous administrations, and that he did not wish to alter Japan's close relationship with China and Korea.WEB,weblink ja:A級戦犯」発言で軌道修正=野田新代表, Japanese, jiji, Jiji Press, 30 August 2011, 31 August 2011,

Nuclear policy

In his first speech as Prime Minister on 2 September 2011, Noda confirmed that the Japanese government would continue to phase out nuclear power, by not building new nuclear power plants nor extending the life spans of outdated ones. In May 2012, nuclear power plants which were sitting idle in the wake of the Fukushima disaster were restarted in order to help Japan's immediate demands for energy,NEWS,weblink Japan’s New Prime Minister Vows Gradual Nuclear Phaseout, The New York Times, 2 September 2011, 2 September 2011, Hiroko, Tabuchi, despite protests including hundreds of people.NEWS, Gerhardt, Tina, 22 July 2012, Japan's People Say NO to Nuclear Energy,weblink Alternet,

Trans-Pacific Partnership

After becoming Prime Minister, one of Noda's most important initiatives was pursuing the entry of Japan into the negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership, which he announced on 11 November 2011.NEWS,weblink Trade boost for Australia as Japan agrees to free-trade negotiations, Wallace, Rick, 12 November 2011, The Australian, 24 November 2011, This proved controversial and was widely discussed in Japanese society.

Senkaku Islands

The Tokyo Metropolitan Government under Governor Shintaro Ishihara sought to buy the Senkaku Islands, which are claimed by China and Taiwan.Japan Times Ishihara seeking to buy Senkaku Islands 18 April 2012 Ishihara wished to build facilities on the islands to more obviously claim them as Japanese territory, a move which the national government under Noda regarded as likely to exacerbate tensions with China. On 27 April 2012 the Tokyo government began raising funds from the public to purchase the islands.Japan Times Metro government raising funds in quest to purchase Senkaku Islands 28 April 2012 and by September 2012 1.4 billion yen ($17.8 million) had been raised.Asahi Shimbun Governor of Tokyo: Develop Senkakus, and I'll halt purchase 1 September 2012 {{webarchive |url= |date=23 June 2013 }}On 24 August, Noda went on live television and vowed to appeal to the international community to support Japan’s claims to sovereignty over islands at the center of separate disputes with South Korea and China.NEWS,weblink Japan Places Pressure on South Korea Amid Islets Dispute, The New York Times, 24 August 2012, 24 August 2012, On 11 September, the Japanese government nationalized its control over Minami-kojima, Kita-kojima, and Uotsuri islands by purchasing them from the Kurihara family for ¥2.05 billion.Kyodo News, "Senkaku purchase bid made official", Japan Times, 11 September 2012, p. 2NHK World, "Senkaku Isles Nationalized", 11 September 2012 China's Foreign Ministry objected saying Beijing would not "sit back and watch its territorial sovereignty violated."WEB,weblink Japan says it will purchase disputed islands from private owner, angering China, Washington Post, AP, 10 September 2012, 10 September 2012,

Consumption tax increase

Another major priority of Noda's was his effort to increase Japan's consumption tax from 5% to 10%. During this struggle Noda said that he "staked his political life" on the passage of the law.Japan Times Noda stakes his administration, political life on hiking sales tax 25 March 2012 The bill passed through the lower house of the diet on 26 June 2012,Japan Times Lower House passes bill to double sales tax 27 June 2012 and passed the upper house on 10 August 2012.Japan Times Upper House passes bill to hike sales levy 11 August 2012 On 10 August 2012, Noda survived a no-confidence vote after proposing a five-percent increase in the sales tax.NEWS,weblink Prime Minister Noda survives opponents’ no-confidence vote, The Japan Daily Press, 10 August 2012, 20 August 2012, Westlake, Adam, During negotiations for the tax, Noda promised to call an early election "soon".NEWS,weblink In Japan, new taxes levy political toll on Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda, The Washington Post, 18 August 2012, 20 August 2012, Harlan, Chico, Afterwards, he stated that he had planned to quit as a lawmaker if he had been unable to pass the consumption tax increase.Daily Yomiuri Noda intended to quit if tax bills had failed 13 November 2012Noda received praise for passing the consumption tax hike despite intense opposition, but was also criticized for bringing the DPJ closer in substance to its rival LDP, rather than keeping the campaign promises by which it defeated the LDP in 2009. One commentator called him "the best prime minister the LDP never had."

2012 general election

On 21 September 2012, Noda won the DPJ's leadership bi-annual electionNEWS, JAPAN'S NODA TO REMAIN PM AFTER RULING PARTY VOTE,weblink Associated Press, 21 September 2012, yes, by 818 points out of 1,231. He then said: "I would like to beef up our teamwork so that we can shift the DPJ once again to make it a fighting force that can serve Japan. [I promise to] sweat with all of you to make a vigorous Japan together. The real reform Japan needs is decisive politics when we face issues that need to be decided." His result was seen as more certain after Environment Minister Goshi Hosono stepped back from standing in the election. He defeated former agriculture ministers Michihiko Kano and Hirotaka Akamatsu, as well as former internal affairs minister Kazuhiro Haraguchi.NEWS,weblink Japan's PM re-elected ruling party leader, Al Jazeera, September 2009, 4 October 2012, NEWS, Noda rewards political allies in Cabinet reshuffle,weblink 4 October 2012, The Asahi Shimbun, 1 October 2012, On 14 November 2012, Noda stated that the diet would be dissolved on 16 November 2012, and the election would be held on 16 December 2012. Given the DPJ's poor figures in the polls, many members of the DPJ were opposed to this,Daily Yomiuri Noda sets dissolution for 16 November 2012 including General Secretary Azuma Koshiishi, and there was talk among some DPJ members of trying to oust Noda before the next election.Daily Yomiuri Disgruntled DPJ members aim to unseat PM / Dissent grows as lawmakers voice frustration, helplessness at Standing Officers Council meeting 15 November 2012The DPJ managed to narrow its polling gap with the LDP prior to the start of the election campaign in December, raising hopes that the DPJ could prevent the LDP from obtaining an outright majority and force a coalition government to be formed.NEWS, Janowski, Tomasz, Japan's PM Noda resilient, resolute as election loss looms,weblink 9 January 2014, Reuters, 4 December 2012, In the wake of the brutal battle surrounding the consumption tax increase, Noda revived the Trans-Pacific Partnership as a campaign issue, making market liberalization the focal point of his campaign strategy.NEWS, Solis, Mireya, Can the TPP Save Prime Minister Noda’s Political Career?,weblink 9 January 2014, Brookings Institution, 13 November 2012, In the election, held on 16 December, the LDP enjoyed a resounding victory under the leadership of Shinzō Abe, winning an outright majority while the DPJ lost around three-fourths of its seats. Noda immediately announced his resignation as president of the DPJ in order to take responsibility for the defeat.NEWS, Abe's LDP dominates election; Noda resigns after DPJ humiliation,weblink 9 January 2014, The Asahi Shimbun, 17 December 2012,

Personal life

Noda has been married to his wife (:ja:野田仁実|Hitomi) since 1992 and has two sons.Profile {{webarchive |url= |date=2 May 2012 }} on his official website (jp). He has a black belt in judo. His favorite food and drink are ramen and sake. He wrote a book entitled Enemy of the DPJ: Government Change Has a Good Cause.In an interview with The Washington Post Noda said he loved watching movies and is a fan of Meryl Streep, who recently won an Academy Award for her portrayal of the former British prime minister Margaret Thatcher in The Iron Lady. The movie follows Thatcher's life and career as she pushed through a series of economic and administrative reforms despite opposition from her countrymen. Noda also said one of his favorite movies is the 1939 film Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, which tells the story of a U.S. senator who single-handedly fights against political corruption.NEWS, Asia One, Noda reveals admiration for 'Iron Lady' Thatcher,weblink 21 April 2012, 28 June 2015, Noda is a fan of professional wrestling and has stated that Kenta Kobashi is his favorite wrestler. On 11 May 2013, Noda attended Kobashi's retirement event, Final Burning in Budokan, in Tokyo's Nippon Budokan.JOURNAL, Meltzer, Dave, Dave Meltzer, 21 May 2013, May 21 2013 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: Kenta Kobashi retirement and career history, Budokan Hall history, WWE annual directory, tons more, second issue of the week, Wrestling Observer Newsletter, Campbell, California, 1083-9593, 3,

See also



External links

{{wikinews|Yoshihiko Noda appointed Prime Minister of Japan}}{{Japanese finance ministers}}{{Prime Ministers of Japan}}{{Authority control}}

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