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Yokohama
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{{about|the capital city of Kanagawa Prefecture|other uses|Yokohama (disambiguation)}}{{Use mdy dates|date=February 2012}}







factoids
0.1em}}}}| official_name = City of YokohamaYokohama official web site {{En icon}}Cities designated by government ordinance of Japan>Designated city| image_skyline = Japan Yokohama.png| imagesize = | image_alt = | image_caption = From top left: Minato Mirai 21, Yokohama Chinatown, Nippon Maru, Yokohama Station, Yokohama Marine Tower| image_flag = Flag of Yokohama, Japan.svg| flag_alt = | image_seal = 横浜市き章.svg| seal_alt = | image_shield = | shield_alt = | nickname = | motto = frame=yestype=shapestroke-color=#000000|zoom=9}}| image_map1 = Yokohama in Kanagawa Prefecture Ja.svg| map_alt1 = | map_caption1 = Map of Kanagawa Prefecture with Yokohama highlighted in purple| pushpin_map = Japan| pushpin_map_alt = | pushpin_map_caption =  353913917region:JP-14|display=it}}| coor_pinpoint = | coordinates_footnotes = | subdivision_type = Country| subdivision_name = {{JAP}}List of regions of Japan>RegionKantō region>KantōPrefectures of Japan>Prefecture| subdivision_name2 = Kanagawa Prefecture| established_title = | established_date = | founder = | named_for = | seat_type = | seat = | government_footnotes = | leader_party = | leader_title = MayorFumiko Hayashi (mayor)>Fumiko Hayashi| leader_title1 = | leader_name1 = | total_type = | unit_pref = Metric| area_footnotes = | area_total_km2 = 437.38| area_land_km2 = | area_water_km2 = | area_water_percent = | area_note = | elevation_footnotes = | elevation_m = | population_footnotes = | population_total = 3732616| population_as_of = October 1, 2016| population_density_km2 = 8534.03| population_est = | pop_est_as_of = | population_demonym = | population_note = | timezone1 = Japan Standard Time| utc_offset1 = +9| postal_code_type = | postal_code = | area_code_type = | area_code = | blank_name_sec1 = City Symbols| blank1_name_sec1 = – TreeCamellia, Castanopsis>Chinquapin, Viburnum odoratissimumCamellia sasanqua>Sasanqua, Ginkgo, Zelkova| blank2_name_sec1 = – Flower| blank2_info_sec1 = Rose| blank1_name_sec2 = Address| blank1_info_sec2 = 1-1 Minato-chō, Naka-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa-ken231-0017weblink}}| footnotes = }}







factoids
{{Nihongo|Yokohama|横浜|Yokohama|pronounced {{IPA-ja|jokohama||ja-Yokohama.ogg}}|lead=yes}} is the second largest city in Japan by populationweblinkTokyo City was abolished in 1943, and merged with Tokyo Prefecture to form modern Tokyo, a "metropolis" (都 to), not a "city" (市 shi). The 23 special wards of Tokyo, which collectively comprise the old Tokyo City are sometimes viewed as a city (even though each special ward, analogous to a borough of New York or London, also refers to itself as a city in English) and indeed are treated as a collective unit by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government for the purposes of some public services that the other municipalities of the Tokyo Metropolis provide for themselves. However, there is no level of government between the special wards and the metropolitan government, so it is strictly speaking not a city. and the most populous municipality of Japan. It is the capital city of Kanagawa Prefecture. It lies on Tokyo Bay, south of Tokyo, in the Kantō region of the main island of Honshu. It is a major commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo Area.Yokohama's population of 3.7 million makes it Japan's largest city. Yokohama developed rapidly as Japan's prominent port city following the end of Japan's relative isolation in the mid-19th century, and is today one of its major ports along with Kobe, Osaka, Nagoya, Hakata, Tokyo, and Chiba.

Etymology

Yokohama (横浜) literally means "horizontal beach".weblink Japan Times, meaning of "Yokohama" is mentioned The current area surrounded by Maita Park, the Ōoka River and the Nakamura River had been a gulf divided by a sandbar from the open sea. This sandbar was the original Yokohama fishing village. Since the sandbar protruded perpendicularly from the land, or horizontally when viewed from the sea, it was called a "horizontal beach".weblink Yokohama City History, pg. 3

History

{{see also|Timeline of Yokohama}}

Opening of the Treaty Port (1859–1868)

File:1853Yokohama 01.jpg|left|thumb|Landing of Commodore Perry, officers, and men of the squadron to meet the Imperial commissioners at Yokohama 14 July 1853. Lithograph by Sarony & Co., 1855, after Wilhelm HeineWilhelm HeineYokohama was a small fishing village up to the end of the feudal Edo period, when Japan held a policy of national seclusion, having little contact with foreigners.Der Große Brockhaus. 16. edition. Vol. 6. F. A. Brockhaus, Wiesbaden 1955, p. 82 A major turning point in Japanese history happened in 1853–54, when Commodore Matthew Perry arrived just south of Yokohama with a fleet of American warships, demanding that Japan open several ports for commerce, and the Tokugawa shogunate agreed by signing the Treaty of Peace and Amity.WEB,weblink Official Yokohama city website it is fresh, City.yokohama.jp, 2010-05-05,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100612234615weblink">weblink June 12, 2010, yes, mdy-all, It was initially agreed that one of the ports to be opened to foreign ships would be the bustling town of Kanagawa-juku (in what is now Kanagawa Ward) on the Tōkaidō, a strategic highway that linked Edo to Kyoto and Osaka. However, the Tokugawa shogunate decided that Kanagawa-juku was too close to the Tōkaidō for comfort, and port facilities were instead built across the inlet in the sleepy fishing village of Yokohama. The Port of Yokohama was officially opened on June 2, 1859.Arita, Erika, "Happy Birthday Yokohama!", The Japan Times, May 24, 2009, p. 7.Yokohama quickly became the base of foreign trade in Japan. Foreigners initially occupied the low-lying district of the city called Kannai, residential districts later expanding as the settlement grew to incorporate much of the elevated Yamate district overlooking the city, commonly referred to by English speaking residents as The Bluff.(File:YokohamaTradersSadahide1861.jpg|left|thumb|Foreign ships in Yokohama harbor)(File:YokohamaForeignTradersSadahide1861.jpg|left|thumb|A foreign trading house in Yokohama in 1861)Kannai, the foreign trade and commercial district (literally, inside the barrier), was surrounded by a moat, foreign residents enjoying extraterritorial status both within and outside the compound. Interactions with the local population, particularly young samurai, outside the settlement inevitably caused problems; the Namamugi Incident, one of the events that preceded the downfall of the shogunate, took place in what is now Tsurumi Ward in 1862, and prompted the Bombardment of Kagoshima in 1863.To protect British commercial and diplomatic interests in Yokohama a military garrison was established in 1862. With the growth in trade increasing numbers of Chinese also came to settle in the city.Fukue, Natsuko, "Chinese immigrants played vital role", Japan Times, May 28, 2009, p. 3. Yokohama was the scene of many notable firsts for Japan including the growing acceptance of western fashion, photography by pioneers such as Felice Beato, Japan's first English language newspaper, the Japan Herald published in 1861 and in 1865 the first ice cream and beer to be produced in Japan.Matsutani, Minoru, "Yokohama – city on the cutting edge", Japan Times, May 29, 2009, p. 3. Recreational sports introduced to Japan by foreign residents in Yokohama included European style horse racing in 1862, cricket in 1863NEWS, Galbraith, Michael, Death threats sparked Japan's first cricket game,weblink 1 April 2016, Japan Times, 16 June 2013, and rugby union in 1866. A great fire destroyed much of the foreign settlement on November 26, 1866 and smallpox was a recurrent public health hazard, but the city continued to grow rapidly – attracting foreigners and Japanese alike.

Meiji and Taisho Periods (1868–1923)

(File:Yokohama Street Scene c1880.jpg|thumb|Street scene {{circa|1880}}.)After the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the port was developed for trading silk, the main trading partner being Great Britain. Western influence and technological transfer contributed to the establishment of Japan's first daily newspaper (1870), first gas-powered street lamps (1872) and Japan's first railway constructed in the same year to connect Yokohama to Shinagawa and Shinbashi in Tokyo. In 1872 Jules Verne portrayed Yokohama, which he had never visited, in an episode of his widely read novel Around the World in Eighty Days, capturing the atmosphere of the fast-developing, internationally oriented Japanese city.In 1887, a British merchant, Samuel Cocking, built the city's first power plant. At first for his own use, this coal-burning plant became the basis for the Yokohama Cooperative Electric Light Company. The city was officially incorporated on April 1, 1889.Interesting Tidbits of Yokohama[History of Yokohama] Yokohama Convention & Visitors Bureau Retrieved on February 7, 2009 {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110928232036weblink |date=September 28, 2011 }} By the time the extraterritoriality of foreigner areas was abolished in 1899, Yokohama was the most international city in Japan, with foreigner areas stretching from Kannai to the Bluff area and the large Yokohama Chinatown.The early 20th century was marked by rapid growth of industry. Entrepreneurs built factories along reclaimed land to the north of the city toward Kawasaki, which eventually grew to be the Keihin Industrial Area. The growth of Japanese industry brought affluence, and many wealthy trading families constructed sprawling residences there, while the rapid influx of population from Japan and Korea also led to the formation of Kojiki-Yato, then the largest slum in Japan.

Great Kanto earthquake and the Second World War (1923–1945)

Much of Yokohama was destroyed on September 1, 1923 by the Great Kantō earthquake. The Yokohama police reported casualties at 30,771 dead and 47,908 injured, out of a pre-earthquake population of 434,170.Hammer, Joshua. (2006). Yokohama Burning: The Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II, p. 143. Fuelled by rumours of rebellion and sabotage, vigilante mobs thereupon murdered many Koreans in the Kojiki-yato slum.Hammer, pp. 149-170. Many people believed that Koreans used black magic to cause the earthquake. Martial law was in place until November 19. Rubble from the quake was used to reclaim land for parks, the most famous being the Yamashita Park on the waterfront which opened in 1930.Yokohama was rebuilt, only to be destroyed again by U.S. air raids during World War II. An estimated seven or eight thousand people were killed in a single morning on May 29, 1945 in what is now known as the Great Yokohama Air Raid, when B-29s firebombed the city and in just one hour and nine minutes reduced 42% of it to rubble.

Post-World War II growth

File:Yokohama Koreanwar.jpg|thumb|During the Korean War, the United States NavyUnited States NavyDuring the American occupation, Yokohama was a major transshipment base for American supplies and personnel, especially during the Korean War. After the occupation, most local U.S. naval activity moved from Yokohama to an American base in nearby Yokosuka.The city was designated by government ordinance on September 1, 1956.{{Citation needed|date=July 2010}}The city's tram and trolleybus system was abolished in 1972, the same year as the opening of the first line of Yokohama Municipal Subway.File:Yokohama Landsat.jpg|thumb|right|LandsatLandsatConstruction of Minato Mirai 21 ("Port Future 21"), a major urban development project on reclaimed land, started in 1983. Minato Mirai 21 hosted the Yokohama Exotic Showcase in 1989, which saw the first public operation of maglev trains in Japan and the opening of Cosmo Clock 21, then the tallest Ferris wheel in the world. The 860m-long Yokohama Bay Bridge opened in the same year.In 1993, Minato Mirai saw the opening of the Yokohama Landmark Tower, the second tallest building in Japan.The 2002 FIFA World Cup final was held in June at the International Stadium Yokohama.In 2009, the city marked the 150th anniversary of the opening of the port and the 120th anniversary of the commencement of the City Administration. An early part in the commemoration project incorporated the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD IV) which was held in Yokohama in May 2008.In November 2010, Yokohama hosted the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meeting.

Geography

Surrounding municipalities

Kanagawa Prefecture Tokyo

Climate

Yokohama features a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa) with hot and humid summers and chilly winters.WEB,weblink Yokohama, Japan Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase), Weatherbase, 2019-07-09, Weatherwise, Yokohama has a pattern of rain, clouds and sun, although in winter, it is surprisingly sunny, more so than Southern Spain. Winter temperatures rarely drop below freezing, while summer can seem quite warm because of the effects of humidity.WEB,weblink Yokohama Weather, When to Go and Yokohama Climate Information, world-guides.com, 2010-01-11, The coldest temperature was on 24 January 1927 when {{convert|-8.2|C|F}} was reached, whilst the hottest day was 11 August 2013 at {{convert|37.4|C|F}}. The highest monthly rainfall was in October 2004 with {{convert|761.5|mm|in|1}}, closely followed by July 1941 with {{convert|753.4|mm|in}}, whilst December and January have recorded no measurable precipitation three times each.{{Weather box|width = auto|location = Yokohama, Kanagawa (1981–2010 except for records)|metric first = yes|single line = yes|Jan record high C = 20.8|Feb record high C = 24.8|Mar record high C = 24.5|Apr record high C = 28.7|May record high C = 31.1|Jun record high C = 35.5|Jul record high C = 36.9|Aug record high C = 37.4|Sep record high C = 36.2|Oct record high C = 30.9|Nov record high C = 26.2|Dec record high C = 23.5|year record high C = 37.4|Jan high C = 9.9|Feb high C = 10.3|Mar high C = 13.2|Apr high C = 18.5|May high C = 22.4|Jun high C = 24.9|Jul high C = 28.7|Aug high C = 30.6|Sep high C = 26.7|Oct high C = 21.5|Nov high C = 16.7|Dec high C = 12.4|year high C = 19.7|Jan mean C = 5.9|Feb mean C = 6.2|Mar mean C = 9.1|Apr mean C = 14.2|May mean C = 18.3|Jun mean C = 21.3|Jul mean C = 25.0|Aug mean C = 26.7|Sep mean C = 23.3|Oct mean C = 18.0|Nov mean C = 13.0|Dec mean C = 8.5|year mean C = 15.8|Jan low C = 2.3|Feb low C = 2.6|Mar low C = 5.3|Apr low C = 10.4|May low C = 15.0|Jun low C = 18.6|Jul low C = 22.4|Aug low C = 24.0|Sep low C = 20.6|Oct low C = 15.0|Nov low C = 9.6|Dec low C = 4.9|year low C = 12.5|Jan record low C = -8.2|Feb record low C = -6.8|Mar record low C = -4.6|Apr record low C = -0.5|May record low C = 3.6|Jun record low C = 9.2|Jul record low C = 13.3|Aug record low C = 15.5|Sep record low C = 11.2|Oct record low C = 2.2|Nov record low C = -2.4|Dec record low C = -5.6|year record low C = -8.2|precipitation colour = green|Jan precipitation mm = 58.9|Feb precipitation mm = 67.5|Mar precipitation mm = 140.7|Apr precipitation mm = 144.1|May precipitation mm = 152.2|Jun precipitation mm = 190.4|Jul precipitation mm = 168.9|Aug precipitation mm = 165.0|Sep precipitation mm = 233.8|Oct precipitation mm = 205.5|Nov precipitation mm = 107.0|Dec precipitation mm = 54.8|Jan snow cm = 5|Feb snow cm = 6|Mar snow cm = 1|Apr snow cm = 0|May snow cm = 0|Jun snow cm = 0|Jul snow cm = 0|Aug snow cm = 0|Sep snow cm = 0|Oct snow cm = 0|Nov snow cm = 0|Dec snow cm = 0|Jan precipitation days = 6.0|Feb precipitation days = 6.7|Mar precipitation days = 11.8|Apr precipitation days = 11.1|May precipitation days = 11.5|Jun precipitation days = 13.6|Jul precipitation days = 11.7|Aug precipitation days = 8.7|Sep precipitation days = 12.7|Oct precipitation days = 11.5|Nov precipitation days = 8.3|Dec precipitation days = 5.5|unit precipitation days = 0.5 mm|Jan snow days = 1.6|Feb snow days = 2.3|Mar snow days = 0.7|Apr snow days = 0.0|May snow days = 0.0|Jun snow days = 0.0|Jul snow days = 0.0|Aug snow days = 0.0|Sep snow days = 0.0|Oct snow days = 0.0|Nov snow days = 0.0|Dec snow days = 0.3|Jan humidity = 53|Feb humidity = 54|Mar humidity = 60|Apr humidity = 65|May humidity = 70|Jun humidity = 78|Jul humidity = 78|Aug humidity = 76|Sep humidity = 76|Oct humidity = 71|Nov humidity = 64|Dec humidity = 56|year humidity = 67|Jan sun = 186.4|Feb sun = 164.0|Mar sun = 159.5|Apr sun = 175.2|May sun = 177.1|Jun sun = 131.7|Jul sun = 162.9|Aug sun = 206.3|Sep sun = 130.7|Oct sun = 141.0|Nov sun = 149.3|Dec sun = 180.4|year sun = 1964.4|source 1 = HTTP://WWW.DATA.JMA.GO.JP/OBD/STATS/ETRN/VIEW/NML_SFC_YM.PHP?PREC_NO=46&PREC_CH=%90_%93%DE%90%EC%8C%A7&BLOCK_NO=47670&BLOCK_CH=%89%A1%95L&YEAR=2010&MONTH=&DAY=&ELM=NORMAL&VIEW= >SCRIPT-TITLE=JA:過去の気象データ検索: 平年値(年・月ごとの値) ("HISTORICAL CLIMATE DATA FOR YOKOHAMA"), Japan Meteorological Agency, |source 2 = HTTP://WWW.DATA.JMA.GO.JP/OBD/STATS/ETRN/VIEW/RANK_S.PHP?PREC_NO=46&BLOCK_NO=47670&YEAR=&MONTH=&DAY=&VIEW= >SCRIPT-TITLE=JA:観測史上1~10位の値( 年間を通じての値), Japan Meteorological Agency, (records)}}

List of Yokohama mayors (from 1889)

{{col-start}}{{col-3}}{| class="wikitable"!Nº!Name!Term start!Term end! 1| Tomo Masuda(増田知)| 18 June, 1889| 15 February, 1890 ! 2| Kigiemon Sato(佐藤喜左衛門)| 3 March, 1890| 2 March, 1896! 3| Yoshinobu Umeda(梅田義信)| 3 June, 1896| 20 September, 1902 ! 4| Morihiro Ichihara(市原盛宏)| 9 January, 1903| 2 May, 1906 ! 5| Nobutaka Mitsuhashi(三橋信方)| 28 September, 1906| 25 June, 1910 ! 6| Yoshitaro Arakawa(荒川義太郎)| 10 September, 1910| 13 November, 1913 ! 7| Kensuke Ando(安藤謙介)| 24 July, 1914| 23 Jly, 1918
{{col-3}}{| class="wikitable"!Nº!Name!Term start!Term end! 8| Kiyochika Kubota(久保田政周)| 26 August, 1918| 27 May, 1922 ! 9| Katsusaburo Watanabe(渡辺勝三郎)| 29 November, 1922| 10 April, 1925! 10| Chuichi Ariyoshi(有吉忠一)| 7 May, 1925| 26 February, 1931 ! 11| Ichiro Onishi(大西一郎)| 3 March, 1931| 18 July, 1935 ! 12| Shuzo Aoki(青木周三)| 3 August, 1935| 10 February, 1941 ! 13| Kiyoshi Nakarai(半井清)| 10 February, 1941| 30 November, 1946 ! 14| Kyoichi Ishikawa(石河京市)| 9 April, 1947| 4 April, 1951
{{col-3}}{| class="wikitable"!Nº!Name!Term start!Term end! 15-16| Ryozo Hiranuma(平沼亮三)| 25 April, 1955| 13 February, 1959 ! 17| Kiyoshi Nakarai| 25 April, 1959| 22 April, 1963! 18-21| Ichiyo Asukata(飛鳥田一雄)| 23 April, 1963| 1 March, 1978 ! 22-24| Michikazu Saigo(細郷道一)| 16 April, 1978| 15 February, 1990 ! 25-27| Hidenobu Takahide(高秀秀信)| 8 April, 1990| 7 April, 2002 ! 28-29| Kiyoshi Nakada(中田宏)| 8 April, 2002| 17 August, 2009 ! 30-33| Fumiko Hayashi(林文子)| 30 August, 2009| Incumbent
{{col-end}}

Demographics

Historical population

File:Kanagawa Prefectural Office.jpg|thumb|Kanagawa Prefectural Office ]]File:Yokohama station west exit.jpeg|thumb|Yokohama StationYokohama StationFile:Minato Mirai In Blue.jpg|thumb|Minato MiraiMinato Mirai{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center;"|+Population! Year ofcensus !! Population!! Rank among cities in JapanKobe, Kyoto, Nagoya, Osaka, and Tokyo City>Tokyo | 6th| 6th| 6th| 5th, surpassing KobeTokyo City>Tokyohaving been disbanded in 1943| 4th| 4th| 3rd, surpassing Kyoto| 3rd| 2nd, surpassing Nagoya| 2nd| 1st, surpassing OsakaOsaka was once more populous than Yokohama is today.| 1st| 1st| 1st| 1st| 1st| 1st| 1stYokohama's foreign population of 92,139 includes Chinese, Koreans, Filipinos, and Vietnamese.WEB,weblink ja:横浜市区別外国人登録人口(平成30年3月末現在), April 13, 2018,

Administrative divisions

(File:Yokohama Wards.png|thumb|right|300px|A map of Yokohama's wards)Yokohama has 18 wards (ku):{|
  • Midori-ku ({{nihongo2|緑区}})
  • Minami-ku ({{nihongo2|南区}})
  • Naka-ku ({{nihongo2|中区}}) – administrative center
  • Nishi-ku ({{nihongo2|西区}})
  • Sakae-ku ({{nihongo2|栄区}})
  • Seya-ku ({{nihongo2|瀬谷区}})
  • Totsuka-ku ({{nihongo2|戸塚区}})
  • Tsurumi-ku ({{nihongo2|鶴見区}})
  • Tsuzuki-ku ({{nihongo2|都筑区}})

Government and politics

The Yokohama Municipal Assembly consists of 92 members elected from a total of 18 Wards. The LDP has minority control with 30 seats with Democratic Party of Japan with a close 29. The mayor is Fumiko Hayashi, who succeeded Hiroshi Nakada in September 2009.

International relations

File:tyuukagaimon.jpg|thumb|upright|Yokohama ChinatownYokohama Chinatown{{See also|List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan}}Yokohama has sister-city relationships with 12 cities worldwide.WEB,weblink Eight Cities/Six Ports: Yokohama's Sister Cities/Sister Ports, Yokohama Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2009-07-18,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090505110044weblink">weblink May 5, 2009,

Culture

Depictions of the city in popular media

  • Yukio Mishima's novel The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea is set mainly in Yokohama. Mishima describes the city's port and its houses, and the Western influences that shaped them.
  • From up on Poppy Hill is a 2011 Studio Ghibli animated drama film directed by Gorō Miyazaki set in the Yamate district of Yokohama. The film is based on the serialized Japanese comic book of the same name.
  • The main setting of James Clavell's book Gai-Jin is in historical Yokohama.
  • Some of the events of Hitoshi Ashinano's manga Yokohama Kaidashi Kikō unfold in Yokohama and its surrounding areas.
  • Aya Fuse lives in the futuristic Yokohama in Scott Westerfeld's novel Extras.
  • Anne McCaffrey's Dragonriders of Pern book series involves a spaceship named the Yokohama.
  • One of the Pretty Cure crossover movies takes place in Yokohama. In the fourth movie of the series, Pretty Cure All Stars New Stage: Friends of the Future, the Pretty Cure appear standing on top of the Cosmo Clock 21 in Minato Mirai.
  • The main setting of the Japanese visual novel series Muv-Luv, first a school and then, in an alternate history, a military base is built in Yokohama with the objective of carrying out the Alternative IV Plan meant to save humanity.
  • In (Command and Conquer: Red Alert 3), Yokohama is under siege by the Soviet Union and Allied Nations to stop the Empire of The Rising Sun. The player must defend Yokohama and then lead a counterattack as the Empire.
  • It is the main port used in Japan in Jules Verne's Around the World in Eighty Days.
  • It is one of the areas where players race in the arcade game Wangan Midnight Maximum Tune.
  • The manga Bungo Stray Dogs is set in Yokohama.
  • The Japanese mixed-media project Hamatora takes place in Yokohama.
  • The final battle in (Godzilla, Mothra and King Ghidorah: Giant Monsters All-Out Attack) takes place in Yokohama.
  • In My Hero Academia, it is the location of the Nomu Warehouse where they created artificial Humans (a.k.a. Nomus).
  • In the animated series Girls und Panzer, the St. Gloriana Girls College is located in Yokohama.
  • Sumaru City in (Persona 2: Innocent Sin) and (Persona 2: Eternal Punishment) is based on Yokohama.
  • Miyabi City in The Caligula Effect is based on Yokohama, including depictions of landmarks such as an unfinished Landmark Tower and Yokohama Hakkeijima Sea Paradise (referred to in game as Sea Paraiso).

Sports

File:Yokohama-stadium-2014-08-19.jpeg|thumb|Yokohama StadiumYokohama Stadium

Economy and infrastructure

{{Expand section|date=June 2008}}The city has a strong economic base, especially in the shipping, biotechnology, and semiconductor industries. Nissan moved its headquarters to Yokohama from Chūō, Tokyo in 2010.WEB,weblink Nissan To Create New Global and Domestic Headquarters in Yokohama City by 2010, Japancorp.net, 2009-05-06, Yokohama's GDP per capita (Nominal) was $30,625($1=120.13).WEB,weblink Yokohama GDP 2015, WEB,weblink Yokohama 2015 population,

Transport

File:YokosukaLineStations.png|thumb|upright|A route map in Yokohama and Tokyo(JR)]]Yokohama is serviced by the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, a high-speed rail line with a stop at Shin-Yokohama Station. Yokohama Station is also a major station, with two million passengers daily. The Yokohama Municipal Subway, Minatomirai Line and Kanazawa Seaside Line provide metro services.

Maritime transport

Yokohama is the world's 31st largest seaport in terms of total cargo volume, at 121,326 freight tons {{As of|2011|lc=y}}, and is ranked 37th in terms of TEUs (Twenty-foot equivalent units).WEB,weblink Ports & World Trade, www.aapa-ports.org, In 2013, APM Terminals Yokohama facility was recognised as the most productive container terminal in the world averaging 163 crane moves per hour, per ship between the vessel's arrival and departure at the berth.NEWS, Chinese Ports Lead the World in Berth Productivity, JOC Group Inc. Data Shows,weblink 20 March 2015, Press Release, JOC Inc, AXIO Data Group, 24 June 2014,

Rail transport

Railway stations

{{color|green|â– }} East Japan Railway Company
{{color|DarkOrange|■}} Tōkaidō Main Line * – {{STN|Yokohama}} – {{STN|Totsuka}} – {{color|navy|■}} Yokosuka Line * – Yokohama – {{STN|Hodogaya}} – {{STN|Higashi-Totsuka}} – Totsuka – {{color|deepskyblue|■}} Keihin-Tōhoku Line * – {{STN|Tsurumi}} – {{STN|Shin-Koyasu}} – {{STN|Higashi-Kanagawa}} – Yokohama {{color|deepskyblue|■}} Negishi Line * Yokohama – {{STN|Sakuragichō}} – {{STN|Kannai}} – {{STN|Ishikawachō}} – {{STN|Yamate}} – {{STN|Negishi|Kanagawa}} – {{STN|Isogo}} – {{STN|Shin-Sugita}} – {{STN|Yōkōdai}} – {{STN|Kōnandai}} – {{STN|Hongōdai}} – {{color|yellowgreen|■}} Yokohama Line * Higashi-Kanagawa – {{STN|Ōguchi}} – {{STN|Kikuna}} – {{STN|Shin-Yokohama}} – {{STN|Kozukue}} – {{STN|Kamoi}} – {{STN|Nakayama|Kanagawa}} – {{STN|Tōkaichiba|Kanagawa}} – {{STN|Nagatsuta}} – {{color|Yellow|■}} Nambu Line * – {{STN|Yakō}} – {{color|Yellow|■}} Tsurumi Line * Main Line : Tsurumi – {{STN|Kokudō}} – {{STN|Tsurumi-Ono}} – {{STN|Bentembashi}} – {{STN|Asano}} – {{STN|Anzen}} –
* Umi-Shibaura Branch : Asano – {{STN|Shin-Shibaura}} – {{STN|Umi-Shibaura}}
{{color|orange|â– }} Central Japan Railway Company
{{color|mediumblue|■}} Tōkaidō Shinkansen
* – Shin-Yokohama –
{{color|deepskyblue|â– }} Keikyu
{{color|deepskyblue|■}} Keikyu Main Line * – {{STN|Tsurumi-Ichiba}} – {{STN|Keikyū Tsurumi}} – {{STN|Kagetsuen-mae}} – {{STN|Namamugi}} – {{STN|Keikyū Shin-Koyasu}} – {{STN|Koyasu}} – {{STN|Kanagawa-Shinmachi}} – {{STN|Naka-Kido}} – {{STN|Kanagawa|Kanagawa}} – Yokohama – {{STN|Tobe}} – {{STN|Hinodechō}} – {{STN|Koganechō}} – {{STN|Minami-Ōta}} – {{STN|Idogaya}} – {{STN|Gumyōji|Keikyū}} – {{STN|Kami-Ōoka}} – {{STN|Byōbugaura}} – {{STN|Sugita|Kanagawa}} – {{STN|Keikyū Tomioka}} – {{STN|Nōkendai}} – {{STN|Kanazawa-Bunko}} – {{STN|Kanazawa-Hakkei}} – {{color|deepskyblue|■}} Keikyu Zushi Line
* Kanazawa-Hakkei – {{STN|Mutsuura}} –
{{color|red|â– }} Tokyu Corporation
{{color|Crimson|■}} Tōyoko Line * – {{STN|Hiyoshi|Kanagawa}} – {{STN|Tsunashima}} – {{STN|Ōkurayama|Kanagawa}} – Kikuna – {{STN|Myōrenji}} – {{STN|Hakuraku}} – {{STN|Higashi-Hakuraku}} – {{STN|Tammachi}} – Yokohama {{color|DodgerBlue|■}} Meguro Line * – Hiyoshi {{color|SeaGreen |■}} Den-en-toshi Line * – {{STN|Tama-Plaza}} – {{STN|Azamino}} – {{STN|Eda|Kanagawa}} – {{STN|Ichigao}} – {{STN|Fujigaoka|Kanagawa}} – {{STN|Aobadai}} – {{STN|Tana}} – Nagatsuta – {{color|blue|■}} Kodomonokuni Line
* Nagatsuta – {{STN|Onda}} – {{STN|Kodomonokuni|Kanagawa}}
{{color|orange|â– }} Sagami Railway
{{color|orange|■}} Sagami Railway Main Line * Yokohama – {{STN|Hiranumabashi}} – {{STN|Nishi-Yokohama}} – {{STN|Tennōchō}} – {{STN|Hoshikawa|Kanagawa}} – {{STN|Wadamachi}} – {{STN|Kamihoshikawa}} – {{STN|Nishiya}} – {{STN|Tsurugamine}} – {{STN|Futamatagawa}} – {{STN|Kibōgaoka}} – {{STN|Mitsukyō}} – {{STN|Seya}} – {{color|orange|■}} Izumino Line
* Futamatagawa – {{STN|Minami-Makigahara}} – {{STN|Ryokuentoshi}} – {{STN|Yayoidai}} – {{STN|Izumino}} – {{STN|Izumi-chūō|Kanagawa}} – {{STN|Yumegaoka}}
{{color|blue|â– }} Yokohama Minatomirai Railway
{{color|mediumblue|â– }} Minatomirai Line
* Yokohama – {{STN|Shin-Takashima}} – {{STN|Minato Mirai}} – {{STN|Bashamichi}} – {{STN|Nihon-ōdōri}} – {{STN|Motomachi-Chūkagai}}
{{color|blue|â– }} Yokohama City Transportation Bureau
{{color|blue|■}} Blue Line * – {{STN|Shimoiida}} – {{STN|Tateba}} – {{STN|Nakada}} – {{STN|Odoriba}} – Totsuka – {{STN|Maioka}} – {{STN|Shimonagaya}} – {{STN|Kaminagaya}} – {{STN|Kōnan-Chūō}} – Kami-Ōoka – {{STN|Gumyōji|Yokohama Municipal Subway}} – {{STN|Maita|Kanagawa}} – {{STN|Yoshinochō}} – {{STN|Bandōbashi}} – {{STN|Isezakichōjamachi}} – Kannai – Sakuragichō – {{STN|Takashimachō}} – Yokohama – {{STN|Mitsuzawa-shimochō}} – {{STN|Mitsuzawa-kamichō}} – {{STN|Katakurachō}} – {{STN|Kishine-kōen}} – Shin-Yokohama – {{STN|Kita Shin-Yokohama}} – {{STN|Nippa}} – {{STN|Nakamachidai}} – {{STN|Center Minami}} – {{STN|Center Kita}} – {{STN|Nakagawa|Kanagawa}} – {{STN|Azamino}} {{color|green|■}} Green Line
* Nakayama – {{STN|Kawawachō}} – {{STN|Tsuzuki-Fureai-no-Oka}} – Center Minami – Center Kita – {{STN|Kita-Yamata}} – {{STN|Higashi-Yamata}} – {{STN|Takata|Kanagawa}} – {{STN|Hiyoshi-Honchō}} – Hiyoshi
{{color|orange|â– }} Yokohama New Transit
{{color|orange|■}} Kanazawa Seaside Line * Shin-Sugita – {{STN|Nambu-Shijō}} – {{STN|Torihama}} – {{STN|Namiki-Kita}} – {{STN|Namiki-Chūō}} – {{STN|Sachiura}} – {{STN|Sangyō-Shinkō-Center}} – {{STN|Fukuura}} – {{STN|Shidai-Igakubu}} – {{STN|Hakkeijima}} – {{STN|Uminokōen-Shibaguchi}} – {{STN|Uminokōen-Minamiguchi}} – {{STN|Nojimakōen}} – Kanazawa-Hakkei

Education

Public elementary and middle schools are operated by the city of Yokohama. There are nine public high schools which are operated by the Yokohama City Board of Education,WEB,weblink Official Yokohama city website, City.yokohama.jp, 2010-05-05, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100619005203weblink">weblink June 19, 2010, mdy-all, and a number of public high schools which are operated by the Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education. Yokohama National University is a leading university in Yokohama which is also one of the highest ranking national universities in Japan.

References

Citations

{{Reflist}}

Sources

External links

{{Commons+cat|Yokohama}}{{Wikivoyage|Yokohama}} {{Navboxes|title = Articles Related to Yokohama|list ={{Kanagawa|state=expanded}}{{Navboxes25px){{nbsp}}Geographic locale|list =Lat. and Long. {{Coord|35|27|N|139|38|E|display=inline}}}}{{Metropolitan cities of Japan}}{{World's most populated urban areas}}{{Most populous cities in Japan}}{{Largest cities of Japan}}}}{{Authority control}}

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