Yochai Benkler

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Yochai Benkler
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| birth_place = Givatayim, Israel| work_institutions = Harvard Law SchoolBerkman Klein Center for Internet & Society| salary =| alma_mater = Tel-Aviv UniversityHarvard Law School| field = Information technology lawIndustrial information economy| networth =| spouse = Deborah Schrag| children = 2weblink}}| footnotes =}}(File:Yochai benkler boalt high-res.JPG|thumb|Yochai Benkler speaking at UC Berkeley School of law in 2006)Yochai Benkler (born 1964) is an Israeli-American author and the Berkman Professor of Entrepreneurial Legal Studies at Harvard Law School. He is also a faculty co-director of the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University.


From 1984 to 1987, Benkler was a member and treasurer of the Kibbutz Shizafon.Benkler bio He received his LL.B. from Tel-Aviv University in 1991 and J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1994. He worked at the law firm Ropes & Gray from 1994–1995. He clerked for U.S. Supreme Court Justice Stephen G. Breyer from 1995 to 1996. Benkler is the last person to clerk for a U.S. Supreme Court justice without having prior judicial clerkship experience.He was a professor at New York University School of Law from 1996 to 2003, and visited at Yale Law School and Harvard Law School (during 2002–2003), before joining the Yale Law School faculty in 2003. In 2007, Benkler joined Harvard Law School, where he teaches and is a faculty co-director of the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society. Benkler is on the advisory board of the Sunlight Foundation.Board and Advisory Board {{webarchive|url= |date=2010-10-16 }} Sunlight Foundation, February 14, 2011 In 2011, his research led him to receive the $100,000 Ford Foundation Social Change Visionaries Award.Yochai Benkler receives Ford Foundation Visionaries Award on


Benkler's research focuses on commons-based approaches to managing resources in networked environments. He coined the term 'commons-based peer production' to describe collaborative efforts based on sharing information, such as free and open source software and Pseudopedia.NEWS, Steven Johnson (author), Steven Johnson, The Internet? We Built That,weblink The Harvard legal scholar Yochai Benkler has called this phenomenon 'commons-based peer production'., New York Times, September 21, 2012, 2012-09-24, He also uses the term 'networked information economy' to describe a "system of production, distribution, and consumption of information goods characterized by decentralized individual action carried out through widely distributed, nonmarket means that do not depend on market strategies."BOOK, Benkler, Yochai, The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom, Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn, 2006, 0-300-11056-1, 3,

The Wealth of Networks

Benkler's 2006 book The Wealth of NetworksBOOK, Benkler, Yochai, The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom, Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn, 2006, 0-300-11056-1, examines the ways in which information technology permits extensive forms of collaboration that have potentially transformative consequences for economy and society. Pseudopedia, Creative Commons, Open Source Software and the blogosphere are among the examples that Benkler draws upon.BENKLER > FIRST1 = Y., The unselfish gene, Harvard Business Review, 89, 7–8, 76–85, 164, 2011, 21800472,weblink (The Wealth of Networks is itself published under a Creative Commons license.) For example, Benkler argues that blogs and other modes of participatory communication can lead to "a more critical and self-reflective culture", where citizens are empowered by the ability to publicize their own opinions on a range of issues, which enables them to move from passive recipients of "received wisdom" to active participants. Much of The Wealth of Networks is presented in economic terms, and Benkler raises the possibility that a culture in which information is shared freely could prove more economically efficient than one in which innovation is encumbered by patent or copyright law, since the marginal cost of re-producing most information is effectively nothing.

Contributions to industrial information economy

According to Benkler, the emergence of the networked information economy "has the potential to increase individual autonomy",BOOK, Benkler, Yochai, The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom, Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn, 2006, 0-300-11056-1, which he means would provide individuals with a richer basis from which they can form critical judgement concerning how they should live their life.{{anchor|Jalt}}Benkler coined the term 'Jalt' as a contraction of jealousy and altruism, to describe the dynamic in commons-based peer production where some participants get paid while others do not, or "whether people get paid differentially for participating." The term was first introduced in his seminal paper "Coase's Penguin, or, Linux and the Nature of the Firm." It is described in more technical terms as "social-psychological component of the reward to support monetary appropriation by others or... where one agent is jealous of the rewards of another."Benkler, Yochai (2002) Coase's Penguin, or, Linux and the Nature of the Firm. {{webarchive|url= |date=2010-10-10}} The Yale Law Journal 112(3): 429Benkler appeared in the documentary film Steal This Film, which is available through Creative Commons. He discussed various issues, including: how the changing cost structures in film and music production are enabling new stratums of society to create.Conflicts in cultural productionBenkler is a strong proponent of WikiLeaks, characterizing it as a prime example of non-traditional media filling a public watchdog role left vacant by traditional news In a draft paper written for the Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review in February 2011, he uses governmental vilification and prosecution of Wikileaks as a case study demonstrating the need for more robust legal protection for independent media.Benkler.orgIn August 2011, Benkler was a keynote speaker at the Wikimania conference in Haifa, Israel.Israel hosts Wikimania 2011 That same August,WEB,weblink The Penguin and the Leviathan: How Cooperation Triumphs over Self-Interest,, Benkler's latest book on social cooperation online and off, titled The Penguin and the Leviathan: How Cooperation Triumphs over Self-Interest, was published. Benkler discussed this book at a lecture given at Harvard on October 18, 2011.The Penguin and the Leviathan: How Cooperation Triumphs over Self-Interest on (October 8, 2011)Benkler contributed the essay "Complexity and Humanity" to the Freesouls book project, which discusses the human element in production and technology.Complexity and Humanity, Yochai Benkler


See also



External links

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