Yale Law School

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Yale Law School
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{{short description|Law school of Yale University}}


| dean = Heather K. Gerken
| city = New Haven
| state = Connecticut
| country = United States
| coordinates = {{coord|41.312|-72.928|region:US-CT_type:edu|display=inline,title}}
| students = 629Yale Law School ABA Profile{{dead link|date=September 2017 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}
| faculty = 149
| ranking = 1st2019 Best Law Schools – U.S. News and World Report
| website =|bar pass rate=99% }}
Yale Law School (often referred to as Yale Law or YLS) is the law school of Yale University, located in New Haven, Connecticut, United States. Established in 1824, Yale Law offers the J.D., LL.M., J.S.D., M.S.L., and Ph.D. degrees in law. The school's small size and prestige make its admissions process the most selective of any law school in the United States, with an acceptance rate of 6.7% in the 2017-18 cycle.WEB,weblink Entering Class Profile - Yale Law School,, WEB,weblink 2017 Raw Data Law School Rankings: Acceptance Rate (Low to High), Internet Legal Research Group, December 15, 2016, WEB,weblink Yale Crowned Top Law School In 2017 U.S. News Ranking, October 2, 2016, Its yield rate of 85% is consistently the highest of any law school in the United States. Yale Law has been ranked the number one law school in the country by U.S. News and World Report every year since the magazine began publishing law school rankings.ABA Journal {{webarchive|url= |date=2012-07-16 }}, "It's Official: Yale Law School Tops US News Rankings," April 23, 2009 (2010 rankings). See also: Yale Daily News {{webarchive|url= |date=2011-03-22 }}, "Yale Law still number one," March 16, 2011 (2012 rankings). Widely considered to be the preeminent law school in the nation, it is one of the most prestigious law schools in the world.NEWS, Bennett, Drake, Crimson tide,weblink January 7, 2016,, Boston Globe, October 19, 2008, WEB, The Real Top Ranked law Schools,weblink February 19, 2017, NEWS, Zaretsky, Staci, Dean Of Most Prestigious Law School In America To Step Down,weblink February 19, 2017, Above The Law, October 13, 2016, WEB, TLS Wiki: Yale Law School,weblink February 19, 2017,, Yale Law has produced a significant number of luminaries in law and politics, including United States presidents Gerald Ford, Bill Clinton and former U.S. secretary of state and presidential nominee, Hillary Clinton. Former president William Howard Taft was a professor of constitutional law at Yale Law School from 1913 until he resigned to become chief justice of the United States in 1921. Alumni also include current United States Supreme Court associate justices Clarence Thomas, Samuel Alito, Sonia Sotomayor and Brett Kavanaugh, as well as a number of former justices, including Abe Fortas, Potter Stewart and Byron White; several heads of state around the world, including Karl Carstens, the fifth president of Germany, and Jose P. Laurel, the third president of the Republic of the Philippines; five current U.S. senators; the former governor of California and current governor of Rhode Island; and the current deans of three of the top fourteen-ranked law schools in the United States: Virginia, Cornell, and Georgetown.Each class in Yale Law's three-year J.D. program enrolls approximately 200 students. Yale's flagship law review is the Yale Law Journal, one of the most highly cited legal publications in the United States.According to Yale Law School's 2014 ABA-required disclosures, 88.3% of the Class of 2014 obtained full-time, long-term, JD-required or JD-advantage employment nine months after graduation, excluding solo practitioners.WEB,weblink Class of 2014 Employment, 2018-12-27,weblink 2016-01-31, yes,


File:Yale Law School in the Sterling Law Building.jpg|thumb|Yale Law School is housed in the Sterling Law Building, erected in 1931. Modeled after the English Inns of CourtInns of CourtThe institution is known for its scholarly orientation; a relatively large number of its graduates (9%) choose careers in academia within five years of graduation, while a relatively low number (46%) choose to work in law firms five years after graduation.weblink {{webarchive |url= |date=December 18, 2015 }} Another feature of Yale Law's culture since the 1930s, among both faculty and student graduates, has been an emphasis on the importance of spending at least a few years in government service.Statement of Dean Harold H. Koh, "Yale Law School Expands Public Interest Program, Financial Support for Graduates," April 14, 2008. A similar emphasis has long been placed on service as a judicial law clerk upon Its 7.6:1 student-to-faculty ratio is the third lowest among U.S. law schools.WEB, Yale University,weblink Yale University | Best Law School | US News,, 2016-01-21, Yale Law does not have a traditional grading system, a consequence of student unrest in the late 1960s.Kalman, Laura, Yale Law School and the Sixties: Revolt and Reverberations (Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 2005) Instead, it grades first-semester first-year students on a simple Credit/No Credit system. For their remaining two-and-a-half years, students are graded on an Honors/Pass/Low Pass/Fail system. Similarly, the school does not rank its students. It is also notable for having only a single semester of required classes (plus two additional writing requirements), instead of the full year most U.S. schools require. Unusually, and as a result of unique Connecticut State court rules, Yale Law allows first-year students to represent clients through one of its numerous clinics; other law schools typically offer this opportunity only to second- and third-year students.Students publish nine law journals that, unlike those at most other schools, mostly accept student editors without a competition. The only exception is YLS's flagship journal, the Yale Law Journal, which holds a two-part admissions competition each spring, consisting of a four or five-hour "bluebooking exam," followed by a traditional writing competition. Although the Journal identifies a target maximum number of members to accept each year, it is not a firm number. Other leading student-edited publications include the Yale Journal on Regulation, the Yale Law and Policy Review, and the Yale Journal of International Law.In November 2013, it was announced that a $25 million donation would bring student dormitory living back onto campus, with renovations to begin in 2018.NEWS, Yale Law Will Bring Back Dorms Thanks To $25M Donation,weblink The Huffington Post, 8 November 2013, Tyler, Kingkade, 2013-11-07,

Rankings and reputation

Yale Law has been ranked the number one law school in the country by U.S. News and World Report in every year in which the magazine has published law school rankings.2009 ("Since US News began ranking schools, Yale Law School has always held the #1 position...."). See also ABA Journal {{webarchive|url= |date=2012-07-16 }}, "It's Official: Yale Law School Tops US News Rankings," Apr. 23, 2009 (2010 rankings). Among U.S. law schools, Yale has the lowest acceptance rate and the highest yield rate—whereas less than 10% of applicants are admitted, about 80% of those who are accepted ultimately enroll, either in the Fall following their acceptance or after a deferral.WEB,weblink Entering Class Profile - Yale Law School,, WEB,weblink Yale Crowned Top Law School In 2017 U.S. News Ranking, 16 March 2016,weblink It is currently ranked as the second best law school in U.S (behind Harvard) and fourth in the world by the 2016 QS Rankings.WEB, Top Law Schools in 2016,weblink QS World University Rankings, 25 August 2016, The school also saw a greater percentage of its students go on to become Supreme Court clerks between the 2000 and 2010 terms than any other law school, more than double the percentage of the second-highest law school (Harvard Law School).Leiter Rankings: Clerkship Placement. However, because of its greater size, approximately 2.5 times that of Yale, Harvard had a greater total number of Supreme Court clerks—approximately 25% more. Id. In addition to producing the most Supreme Court clerks per capita, Yale saw a greater percentage of its graduates accept federal clerkships among the United States Courts of Appeal and District Courts than any other law school; more than one third of Yale graduates go on to clerk for a federal judge.WEB,weblink Law school microranking: federal judicial clerkship placement, 2011-2013, WEB,weblink The 24 best law schools for securing federal clerkships, Additionally, a 2010 survey of "scholarly impact," measured by per capita citations to faculty scholarship, found Yale's faculty to be the most cited law school faculty in the United States.WEB,weblink Brian Leiter Law School Faculty Moves, 1995–2004,


{{recentism|date=July 2015}}The School began in the New Haven law office of Seth P. Staples in the 1800s, who began training lawyers. By 1810 he was operating a law school. He took on a former student, Samuel J. Hitchcock as a law partner, and Hitchcock became the proprietor of the New Haven Law School, joined by David Daggett in 1824. (The Yale Law School shield, shown at the upper right of this page, shows staples and a rampant dog, representing Seth Staples and David Daggett.) The school's affiliation with Yale began in the mid-1820s and in 1843, the school's students began receiving Yale degrees.WEB,weblink Our History – Yale Law School,, 2016-02-08, File:Yale-Law-School-Judge-Ornament.jpg|right|thumb|Sculptural ornamentation on the Sterling Law BuildingSterling Law Building(File:Yale Law School Class of 1883.jpg|thumb|left|Yale Law School Class of 1883)(File:Yale Law School Class of 1921 Atkins Chandler Gibbs Pierce.jpg|thumb|left|Four African-American students, Class of 1921)

Legal Realism movement

Beginning in this period, a special relationship or connection developed between YLS and the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Professors Clark and Frank, among others, became judges on that court. Some of the faculty members who became Second Circuit judges continued to teach courses at YLS and chose their clerks from student graduates. These judges influenced thinking in general at YLS and particularly reinforced student interest in public service, a characteristic tradition at YLS since the New Deal.{{citation needed|date=July 2012}}

Early 21st century

The law school's 15th dean, Harold Koh (2004–2009), made human rights a focus of the law school's work, building on a tradition that had developed over the previous two decades. On March 23, 2009, the White House announced the appointment of Koh to the United States Department of State as the Legal Adviser of the Department of State. Robert C. Post was selected to replace him as dean of the law school.Robert Post LAW ’77 named Law School dean | Yale Daily News. Yale Daily News (2009-06-22). Retrieved on 2013-08-12.


Yale Law School enrolls about 200 new students a year, one of the smallest numbers among U.S. law schools. Its small class size and prestige combine to make its admissions process the most competitive in the United States. Half of the class that entered in 2015 had a GPA above 3.93 and/or an LSAT score above 173 (on a possible scale of 120 to 180) or 99th percentile.WEB
, Entering Class Profile, Yale Law School
, 2015-11-26,
After an initial round of screening by the admissions department, approximately 25% of applications are independently evaluated by three different faculty members. Each application is scored from 2–4 at the discretion of the reader. All applicants with a perfect 12 (i.e., a 4 from all three faculty members) are admitted, upon which they are immediately notified by the school. There are also 50–80 outstanding students admitted each year without going through this review process.WEB
, The Official YLS Admissions Blog
, 2016-02-08, WEB, Law School Description – LSAC Official Guide to ABA-approved Law Schools,weblink 2008-02-13, {{dead link|date=June 2016|bot=medic}}{{cbignore|bot=medic}}
The LL.M. Program and the Visiting Researchers Program at Yale Law are amongst the smallest and most selective graduate law programs in the United States. Yale Law admits around 25 LL.M. students and around 10 visiting researchers every year.WEB,weblink – p. 141, These programs are usually limited to those students who intend to pursue a career in legal academia.Yale Law admitted only men until 1918.Stevens, Robert Bocking. Law school: legal education in America from the 1850s to the 1980s p. 84. Link to page in Google Book Search.


According to Yale Law School's official 2013 ABA-required disclosures, 78.8% of the Class of 2013 accepted full-time, long-term, JD-required employment nine months after graduation, excluding solo-practitioners. Yale Law School's Law School Transparency under-employment score is 8.4%, indicating the percentage of the Class of 2013 unemployed, pursuing an additional degree, or working in a non-professional, short-term, or part-time job nine months after graduation.WEB,weblink Yale University Profile, The mean salary for a class of 2014 graduate 10 months after graduation was $109,102.WEB, Class of 2014 Employment – Yale Law School,weblink, 2016-01-19,weblink 2016-01-31, yes, {{bar box|float=
ACCESS-DATE=2018-12-27ARCHIVE-DATE=2016-01-31DF=, |titlebar=#AAF|width=450px|left1=Employment Status|right1=Percentage|caption=Total of 203 Graduates|bars={{bar percent|Employed – Bar Passage Required|green|73.48}}{{bar percent|Employed – J.D. Advantage|blue|14.78}}{{bar percent|Employed – Professional Position|orange|3.04}}{{bar percent|Employed – Non-Professional Position|teal|0.0}}{{bar percent|Employed – Undeterminable|brown|0.0}}{{bar percent|Pursuing Graduate Degree Full Time|purple|4.35}}{{bar percent|Unemployed – Start Date Deferred|blue|1.74}}{{bar percent|Unemployed – Not Seeking|sienna|1.3}}{{bar percent|Unemployed – Seeking|red|.87}}{{bar percent|Employment Status Unknown|silver|0.43}}}}The law school was ranked # 17 of all law schools nationwide by the National Law Journal in terms of sending the highest percentage of 2015 graduates to the largest 100 law firms in the US (23.58%).WEB,weblink The Top 50 Go-To Law Schools,


The total cost of attendance (indicating the cost of tuition, fees, and living expenses) at Yale Law School for the 2015–2016 academic year is $78,326.WEB,weblink Student Budget & Cost of Attendance, The Law School Transparency estimated debt-financed cost of attendance (including cost of living) for three years is $289,879.WEB,weblink Yale University Expense Profile,

Clinical Programs

The Yale Law School houses over two dozen clinics that allow students to represent clients in real-world legal problems. Participation in clinics is common among Yale Law students, with over 80% of degree candidates participating in clinical activities prior to graduation.WEB,weblink Clinical and Experiential Learning – Yale Law School, Yale Law's clinics cover a wide range of issue areas and legal fields. Students represent clients before courts at all levels of the federal judiciary, state courts in Connecticut and other states, international tribunals and adjudicative bodies, administrative processes, and private arbitration. The Yale Law School has greatly expanded its clinical programs in recent years, adding eight new clinics during the 2016-2017 academic year.WEB,weblink New Clinics Debut at Yale Law School,

Deans of Yale Law School

File:Yale Law Library.JPG|thumb|350px|Reading room of the law school's library ]]
  1. 1873–1903 Francis Wayland III WEB, Deans of the Law School,weblink Yale Law, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 2010-06-13,
  2. 1903–1916 Henry Wade Rogers
  3. 1916–1927 Thomas Walter Swan
  4. 1927–1929 Robert Maynard Hutchins
  5. 1929–1939 Charles Edward Clark
  6. 1940–1946 Ashbel Green GulliverDeans of the Law School | Yale Law School {{webarchive|url= |date=2010-06-13 }}. Retrieved on 2013-08-12.
  7. 1946–1954 Wesley Alba Sturges
  8. 1954–1955 Harry Shulman
  9. 1955–1965 Eugene Victor Rostow
  10. 1965–1970 Louis Heilprin Pollak
  11. 1970–1975 Abraham Samuel Goldstein
  12. 1975–1985 Harry Hillel Wellington
  13. 1985–1994 Guido Calabresi
  14. 1994–2004 Anthony Townsend Kronman
  15. 2004–2009 Harold Hongju Koh
  16. 2009–2017 Robert C. Post
  17. 2017–present Heather K. Gerken

Current prominent faculty

(File:Yale Law School dining hall 1.JPG|thumb|Dining Hall of the Yale Law School)

Notable alumni

List of centers and workshops

  • The China Center
  • Yale Law School Center for the Study of Corporate Law
  • Center for Global Legal Challenges
  • Cultural Cognition Project
  • Debating Law and Religion Series
  • Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy
  • Yale Law School Center for Global Legal Challenges
  • Global Health Justice Partnership
  • Gruber Program for Global Justice and Women's Rights
  • Human Rights Workshop: Current Issues & Events
  • Information Society Project
  • The Justice Collaboratory
  • Abdallah S. Kamel Center for the Study of Islamic Law and Civilization
  • Knight Law & Media Program
  • Yale Law School Latin American Legal Studies
  • Yale Center for Law and Philosophy
  • Law, Economics & Organization Workshop
  • Legal History Forum
  • Legal Theory Workshop
  • The Arthur Liman Public Interest Program
  • Middle East Legal Studies Seminar
  • John M. Olin Center for Law, Economics and Public Policy
  • Yale Law School Center for the Study of Private Law
  • Quinnipiac-Yale Dispute Resolution Workshop
  • Program for the Study of Reproductive Justice
  • Robina Foundation Human Rights Fellowship Initiative
  • Solomon Center for Health Law & Policy
  • The Oscar M. Ruebhausen Fund
  • Orville H. Schell, Jr. Center for International Human Rights
  • Workshop on Chinese Legal Reform
WEB,weblink Centers & Workshops – Yale Law School,



Further reading

  • BOOK

, History of the Yale Law School: The Tercentennial Lectures
, Kronman
, Anthony T.
, 2004
, Yale University Press
, New Haven, Connecticut, New Haven, Connecticut

External links

{{Commons category|Yale Law School}} {{Yale}}{{Law schools in New England}}{{Colleges and universities in Connecticut}}

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