Wilmington, North Carolina

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Wilmington, North Carolina
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List of sovereign states>Country|subdivision_name = United StatesU.S. state>StateList of counties in North Carolina>County|subdivision_name1 = North CarolinaNew Hanover County, North Carolina>New Hanover|established_title = Incorporated|established_date = February 20, 1739/40|government_footnotes = |government_type = North Carolina Democratic Party>DList of mayors of Wilmington, North Carolina>Mayor|leader_name = Bill Saffo|leader_title1 = |leader_name1 = |unit_pref = Imperial|area_footnotes = |area_magnitude = |area_total_km2 = 107.4|area_total_sq_mi = 41.5|area_land_km2 = 106.2|area_land_sq_mi = 41.0|area_water_km2 = 1.2|area_water_sq_mi = 0.5|elevation_footnotes = |elevation_m = 9|elevation_ft = 30|population_total = 1064762010 United States Census>2010|population_est = 122607|population_density_km2 = auto|population_density_sq_mi = auto|pop_est_as_of = 2018|pop_est_footnotes = |population_urban = 254,884 (US: List of United States urban areas)List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas>167th)|population_region = 1,013,040 Cape Fear Region/Myrtle Beach, SC|named_for = Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington|postal_code_type = ZIP codes|postal_code = 28401-28412Area code 910>910|website =weblink|footnotes = North American Eastern Time Zone>Eastern (EST)|utc_offset = −5|timezone_DST = EDT|utc_offset_DST = −4Federal Information Processing Standard>FIPS code|blank_info = 37-74440Geographic Names Information System>GNIS feature IDTITLE=US BOARD ON GEOGRAPHIC NAMES UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY >DATE=OCTOBER 25, 2007, |blank2_name = Sister citiesDandong>Dandong, Liaoning, ChinaDoncasterBridgetown>Bridgetown, BarbadosSan Pedro Town, Belize}}Wilmington is a port city and the county seat of New Hanover County in coastal southeastern North Carolina, United States.With a population of {{formatnum:119045}} in 2017, it is the eighth most populous city in the state. Wilmington is the principal city of the Wilmington Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that includes New Hanover and Pender counties in southeastern North Carolina,WEB,weblink Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012, September 18, 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink April 1, 2013, which has a population of 263,429 as of the 2012 Census Estimate.Wilmington was settled by the English along the Cape Fear River. The city was named after Spencer Compton who was the earl of Wilmington. Its historic downtown has a {{convert|1.75|mi|adj=on}} Riverwalkweblink developed as a tourist attraction in the late 20th century. In 2014 Wilmington's riverfront was ranked as the "Best American Riverfront" by readers of USA Today.WEB,weblink Best American Riverfront Winners: 2014 10 Best Readers' Choice Travel Awards, 10Best, It is minutes away from nearby beaches. The National Trust for Historic Preservation selected Wilmington as one of its 2008 Dozen Distinctive Destinations. {{webarchive |url= |date=January 29, 2012 }} City residents live between the river and the ocean, with four nearby beach communities: Fort Fisher, Wrightsville Beach, Carolina Beach and Kure Beach, all within half-hour drives from downtown Wilmington.In 2003 the city was designated by the US Congress as a "Coast Guard City".WEB,weblink USCG: Community Relations Branch (CG-09223),, May 21, 2013, It is the home port for the {{USCGC|Diligence|WMEC-616|6}}, a United States Coast Guard medium endurance cutter.WEB,weblink USCGC Diligence (WMEC-616),, January 7, 2013, May 21, 2013, The World War II battleship {{USS|North Carolina|BB-55|6}} is held as a war memorial; moored across from the downtown port area, the ship is open to public tours. Other attractions include the Cape Fear Museum, and the Wilmington Hammerheads United Soccer Leagues soccer team. The University of North Carolina Wilmington (UNCW) provides a wide variety of programs for undergraduates, graduate students, and adult learners, in addition to cultural and sports events open to the community.Wilmington is the home of EUE Screen Gems Studios, the largest domestic television and movie production facility outside California. "Dream Stage 10," the facility's newest sound stage, is the third-largest in the US. It houses the largest special-effects water tank in North America. After the studio's opening in 1984, Wilmington became a major center of American film and television production. Numerous movies in a range of genres and several television series have been produced here, including Maximum Overdrive, Iron Man 3, Fox's Sleepy Hollow, One Tree Hill, Dawson's Creek and NBC's Revolution.


{{see also|Timeline of Wilmington, North Carolina}}

Colonial beginnings

(File:Mitchell-Anderson House.jpg|thumb|left|Mitchell-Anderson House (built 1738))The area along the river had been inhabited by various successive cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years. At the time of European encounter, historic Native Americans were members of tribes belonging to the Algonquian family.The ethnic European and African history of Wilmington spans more than two and a half centuries. In the early 16th century, explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano was reportedly the first European to see this area, including the city's present site. The first permanent European settlement in the area started in the 1720s with English colonists. In September 1732, a community was founded on land owned by John Watson on the Cape Fear River, at the confluence of its northwest and northeast branches.WEB,weblink Documenting the American South: Colonial and State Records of North Carolina, The settlement, founded by the first royal governor, George Burrington, was called "New Carthage," and then "New Liverpool;" it gradually took on the name "New Town" or "Newton".Alan D. Watson Wilmington, North Carolina, to 1861. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2003. Governor Gabriel Johnston soon after established his government there for the North Carolina colony. In 1739 or 1740, the town was incorporated with a new name, Wilmington, in honor of Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington.WEB,weblink B.C. Brooks: A Writer's Hiding Place: Historical Execution of Gov. George Burrington of North Carolina, B.C. Brooks, Some early settlers of Wilmington came from the Albemarle and Pamlico regions, as well as from the colonies of Virginia and South Carolina, but most new settlers migrated from the northern British colonies, the West Indies, and the British Isles.Donald R. Lennon and Ida B. Kellam, eds. The Wilmington Town Book, 1743–1778. Raleigh, NC: Division of Archives and History, 1973. Many of the early settlers were indentured servants, recruited mainly from the British Isles and northern Europe. As the indentured servants gained their freedom and fewer could be persuaded to leave England because of improving conditions there, the colonists imported an increasing number of African slaves to satisfy the labor demand. By 1767, slaves accounted for more than 62% of the population of the Lower Cape Fear region.Marvin Michael Kay and Lorin Lee Cary. Slavery in North Carolina, 1748–1775, Chapel Hill: Univ of North Carolina Press, 1995. Many worked in the port as laborers, and some in ship-related trades.Naval stores and lumber fueled the region's economy, both before and after the American Revolution. During the Revolutionary War, the British maintained a garrison at Fort Johnston near Wilmington.

Revolutionary era

File:Bellamy Mansion in Wilmington, NC IMG 4280.JPG|thumb|The Bellamy MansionBellamy MansionFile:U.S. Courthouse, Wilmington, NC IMG 4357.JPG|thumb|U.S. Courthouse, the backdrop of Andy Griffith's Matlock television seriestelevision seriesDue to Wilmington's commercial importance as a major port, it had a critical role in opposition to the British in the years leading up to the Revolution. The city had outspoken political leaders who influenced and led the resistance movement in North Carolina. The foremost of these was Wilmington resident Cornelius Harnett, who served in the General Assembly at the time, where he rallied opposition to the Sugar Act in 1764. When the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act the following year, designed to raise revenue for the Crown with a kind of tax on shipping, Wilmington was the site of an elaborate demonstration against it.On October 19, 1765, several hundred townspeople gathered in protest of the new law, burned an effigy of one town resident who favored the act, and toasted to "Liberty, Property, and No Stamp Duty." On October 31, another crowd gathered in a symbolic funeral of "Liberty". But before the effigy was buried, Liberty was found to have a pulse, and celebration ensued.William L. Saunders, ed. The Colonial Records of North Carolina, 10 vols. Raleigh, NC: P.M. Hale, 1886–1980. 7: pp. 124–25, 131, 143.E. Lawrence Lee. The Lower Cape Fear in Colonial Days. Chapel Hill, NC: Univ of North Carolina Press, 1965. p. 245.William Houston of Duplin County was appointed stamp receiver for Cape Fear. When Houston visited Wilmington on business, still unaware of his appointment, he recounted,"The Inhabitants immediately assembled about me & demanded a Categorical Answer whether I intended to put the Act relating [to] the Stamps in force. The Town Bell was rung[,] Drums [were] beating, Colours [were] flying and [a] great concourse of People [were] gathered together." For the sake of his own life, and "to quiet the Minds of the inraged {{sic}} and furious Mobb...," Houston resigned his position at the courthouse.Donna J. Spindel. "Law and Disorder: The North Carolina Stamp Act Crisis"North Carolina Historical Review, 56: 1981. p. 8.Governor William Tryon made attempts to mitigate the opposition, to no avail. On November 18, 1765, he pleaded his case directly to prominent residents of the area. They said the law restricted their rights. When the stamps arrived on November 28 on the H.M. Sloop Diligence, Tryon ordered them to be kept on board. Shipping on the Cape Fear River was stopped, as were the functions of the courts.Tryon, after having received his official commission as governor (a position he had assumed only after the death of Arthur Dobbs), was brought to Wilmington by Captain Constantine Phipps on a barge from the Diligence, and "was received cordially by the gentlemen of the borough." He was greeted with the firing of seventeen pieces of artillery, and the New Hanover County Regiment of the North Carolina militia, who had lined the streets. This "warm welcome" was spoiled, however, after a dispute arose between Captain Phipps and captains of ships in the harbor regarding the display of their colors. The townspeople became infuriated with Phipps and threats were made against both sides. After Tryon harangued them for their actions, the townspeople gathered around the barrels of punch and ox he had brought as refreshments. The barrels were broken open, letting the punch spill into the streets; they threw the head of the ox into the pillory, and gave its body to the slaves. Because of the unrest, Tryon moved his seat of government to New Bern instead of Wilmington.Paul David Nelson. William Tryon and the Course of Empire. Chapel Hill, NC: Univ of North Carolina Press, 1990. pp. 42–43.On February 18, 1766, two merchant ships arrived without stamped papers at Brunswick Town. Each ship provided signed statements from the collectors at their respective ports of origin that there were no stamps available, but Captain Jacob Lobb of the British cruiser Viper seized the vessels. In response, numerous residents from southern counties met in Wilmington. The group organized as the Sons of Liberty and pledged to block implementation of the Stamp Act. The following day, as many as a thousand men, including the mayor and aldermen of Wilmington, were led by Cornelius Harnett to Brunswick to confront Tryon. The governor was unyielding but a mob retrieved the seized ships. They forced royal customs officers and public officials in the region to swear never to issue stamped paper. Parliament repealed the Stamp Act in March 1766.

Antebellum period

File:U.S. Post Office, Wilmington, NC IMG 4277.JPG|thumb|left|U. S. Post Office in downtown Wilmington]]In the 1830s, citizens of Wilmington became eager to take advantage of railroad transportation. Plans were developed to build a railroad line from the capital, Raleigh, to Wilmington. When Raleigh citizens declined to subscribe in sufficient number to stock to raise money for the project, organizers changed the terminus to Weldon. When the railroad line was completed in 1840, it was the longest single line of railroad track in the world. The railroad also controlled a fleet of steamboats that ran between Wilmington and Charleston; these were used both for passenger travel and transportation of freight. Regular boat lines served Fayetteville, and packet lines traveled to northern ports. The city was a main stop-over point, contributing greatly to its commerce.By mid-century, the churchyard of St. James Episcopal Church and other town cemeteries had become filled with graves. On November 16, 1853, a group of citizens, organized as "The Proprietors of the Wilmington Cemetery," was formed to develop a new cemetery. Sixty-five acres of land around Burnt Mill Creek was chosen as the site for what would be called Oakdale Cemetery. It was the first rural cemetery in North Carolina. The cemetery's first interment, on February 6, 1855, was six-year-old Annie deRosset.Janet L. Seapker "History of Oakdale Cemetery", Oakdale Cemetery. Retrieved February 13, 2012. Many remains from St. James churchyard were relocated to the new cemetery.The Wilmington Gas Light Company was established in 1854. Soon after, street lights were powered by gas made from lightwood and rosin, replacing the old street oil lamps. On December 27, 1855, the first cornerstone was laid and construction began on a new City Hall. A grant from the Thalian Association funded the attached opera house, named Thalian Hall. In 1857 the city opened its first public school, named the "Union Free School", on 6th Street between Nun and Church streets, serving white students.Andrew J. Howell, The Book of Wilmington. Wilmington, NC: Wilmington Printing Company, 1930.Wilmington had a black majority population before the Civil War. While most were slaves, the city had a significant community of free people of color, who developed businesses and trades. For a period up to Nat Turner's Rebellion, they had been allowed to vote, carry arms and serve in the militia. Fears after the rebellion resulted in the state legislature passing laws to restrict the rights of free blacks.

Civil War

(File:Canon fire at the Battle of Forks Road.jpg|thumb|Cannon firing at a reenactment of the Battle of Forks Road near the Cameron Art Museum in February 2009)File:Another glimpse of Wilmington National Cemetery IMG 4396.JPG|200px|right|thumb|Wilmington National Cemetery has markers dating to the American Revolution and the American Civil WarAmerican Civil WarDuring the Civil War, the port was the major base for Confederate and privately owned blockade runners, which delivered badly needed supplies from England. The Union mounted a blockade to reduce the goods received by the South. The city was captured by Union forces in the Battle of Wilmington in February 1865, approximately one month after the fall of Fort Fisher had closed the port. As nearly all the military action took place some distance from the city, numerous antebellum houses and other buildings survived the war years.

Wilmington Insurrection of 1898

(File:Wilmington 1898.jpg|thumb|Wilmington in 1898)During the Reconstruction era, former free blacks and newly emancipated freedmen built a community in the city. There was increasing violence around elections in this period, as armed white paramilitary insurgents, known as Red Shirts, worked to suppress black and Republican voting. White Democrats regained control of the state legislature and sought to impose white supremacy, but some blacks continued to be elected to local offices.{{Citation|title=When white supremacists overthrew a government|url=|language=en|access-date=2019-09-08}}The Wilmington Insurrection of 1898 (formerly and inaccurately called a race riot) occurred as a result of the racially-charged political conflict that had occurred in the decades after the Civil War and efforts by white Democrats to reestablish white supremacy and overturn black voting.In the 1890s, a coalition of Republicans and Populists had gained state and federal offices. The Democrats were determined to reassert their control.In 1898, a cadre of white Democrats, professionals and businessmen, planned to overthrow the city government if their candidates were not elected. Two days after the election, in which a white Republican was elected mayor and both white and black aldermen were elected, more than 1500 white men (led by Democrat Alfred M. Waddell, an unsuccessful gubernatorial candidate in 1896) attacked and burned the only black daily newspaper in the state and ran off the new officers. They overthrew the legitimately-elected municipal government. Waddell and his men forced the elected Republican city officials to resign at gunpoint and replaced them with men selected by leading white Democrats. Waddell was elected mayor by the newly seated board of aldermen that day. Prominent African Americans and white Republicans were banished from the city in the following days. This is the only such coup d'état in United States history."Chapter 5", 1898 Wilmington Race Riot Commission Report, North Carolina Dept. of Cultural ResourcesWEB, Sugar Hill Neighborhood Walking Tour,weblink Islah Speller, C-SPAN, March 19, 2017, Whites attacked and killed an estimated 10–100 blacks. No whites died in the violence. As a result of the attacks, more than 2100 blacks permanently left the city, leaving a hole among its professional and middle class. The demographic change was so large that the city became majority white, rather than the majority black it was before the white Democrats' coup.Following these events, the North Carolina legislature passed a new constitution that raised barriers to voter registration, imposing requirements for poll taxes and literacy tests that effectively disfranchised most black voters, following the example of the state of Mississippi. Blacks were essentially disfranchised and excluded from the political system until after Congressional passage in the mid-1960s of the civil rights acts.

20th century

In 1910, Charlotte passed Wilmington to become North Carolina's largest city.WEB,weblink Survey and Research Report on the Mecklenburg County Courthouse, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission, February 1, 2018, (File:Wilmington 1918.jpg|thumb|800px|center|1918 panorama of downtown Wilmington)(File:Waterfront - Wilmington, North Carolina.jpg|thumb|800px|center|1918 panorama of Wilmington's waterfront)

World War II

During World War II, Wilmington was the home of the North Carolina Shipbuilding Company. The shipyard was created as part of the U.S. government's Emergency Shipbuilding Program. Workers built 243 ships in Wilmington during the five years the company operated.Three prisoner-of-war (POW) camps operated in the city from February 1944 through April 1946. At their peak, the camps held 550 German prisoners. The first camp was located on the corner of Shipyard Boulevard and Carolina Beach Road; it was moved downtown to Ann Street, between 8th and 10th avenues, when it outgrew the original location. A smaller contingent of prisoners was assigned to a third site, working in the officers' mess and doing grounds keeping at Bluethenthal Army Air Base, which is now Wilmington International Airport.

National Register of Historic Places

The Audubon Trolley Station, Brookwood Historic District, Carolina Heights Historic District, Carolina Place Historic District, City Hall/Thalian Hall, Delgrado School, Federal Building and Courthouse, Fort Fisher, Gabriel's Landing, William Hooper School (Former), Market Street Mansion District, Masonboro Sound Historic District, Moores Creek National Battlefield, Sunset Park Historic District, USS NORTH CAROLINA (BB-55) National Historic Landmark, James Walker Nursing School Quarters, Westbrook-Ardmore Historic District, Wilmington Historic District, and Wilmington National Cemetery are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.{{NRISref|version=2010a}}


(File:Welcome To Wilmington.JPG|thumb|left|"Welcome to Wilmington" sign)Wilmington is located at {{Coord|34|13|24|N|77|54|44|W|type:city}}.WEB,weblink United States Census Bureau, April 23, 2011, February 12, 2011, US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, It is the eastern terminus of Interstate 40, an east-west freeway that ends 2,554 miles away at Barstow, California, where it joins I-15, the Gateway to Southern California. This road passes through many major cities and state capitals along the way.According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of {{convert|41.5|sqmi|km2}}. {{convert|41.0|sqmi|km2}} of it is land and {{convert|0.5|sqmi|km2}} of it (1.16%) is water.Wrightsville Beach is a common destination in the Wilmington area. Carolina and Kure beaches also add to the city's beach attractions.{{fact|date=March 2019}}


Wilmington has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with the following characteristics:(File:Cypress Trees in Greenfield Lake.jpg|thumb|Cypress Trees in Greenfield Lake)
  • Winters are generally mild with January highs in the mid-50s °F (~12°C) and lows in the mid-30s °F (~1°C). Snowfall does not occur in most years, and when it does, is generally light.
  • Spring is reasonably lengthy, beginning in late February and lasting to early May. The presence of abundant dense vegetation in the area causes significant pollen dusting in the springtime that tends to turn rooftops and cars yellow.
  • Summer brings high humidity, with daily high temperatures usually ranging from the upper 80s to lower 90s °F (31–34°C), and daily low temperatures usually from 70 to 75 Â°F (~22°C). Heat indices can easily break the {{convert|100|°F|0}} mark, though the actual temperature does not in most years. Due to the proximity of warm Atlantic Ocean waters and prevailing tropical-system tracks, the Wilmington area is subject to hurricane or tropical storm activity, mostly from August to early October, with an average frequency of once every seven years. Such tropical systems can bring high winds and very heavy rains, sometimes {{convert|4|in}} or more in a single tropical system. Precipitation in Wilmington occurs year-round. April is the driest month, with less than {{convert|3|in}} of rain on average, and July to September are the wettest months, with over {{convert|7|in}} of rain each, on average. In an average year, the July to September period delivers about 40% of annual rainfall.
  • Autumn is also generally humid at the beginning, with the threat from tropical weather systems (hurricanes, tropical storms and tropical depressions) peaking in September.
{{Wilmington, North Carolina weatherbox}}
  • Normal January mean temperature: {{convert|46.0|°F|1}}. The coldest month in recorded history was January 1977, averaging {{convert|35.7|°F|1}}. However, January 1981 had a colder average minimum of {{convert|25.8|°F|1}}.
  • Normal July mean temperature: {{convert|81.1|°F|1}}. The hottest month in recorded history was July 2012, averaging {{convert|84.7|°F|1}}. However, July 1993 had a hotter average maximum of {{convert|94.0|°F|1}}.
  • Average nights ≤ {{convert|32|°F}}: 39
  • First and last freezes of the season: November 18 and March 20, allowing a growing season of 244 days
  • Average days ≥ {{convert|90|°F|0}}: 43, but historically as low as 9 in 1909 and as high as 71 in 1980.
  • First and last 90 Â°F highs: May 15, September 15
  • Highest recorded temperature: {{convert|104|°F}} on June 27, 1952WEB,weblink Threaded Climate Extremes for Wilmington Area, NC, National Weather Service, June 28, 2010,
  • Lowest daily maximum temperature: {{convert|16|°F|0}} on February 13, 1899 and December 30, 1917
  • Highest daily minimum temperature: {{convert|83|°F|0}} on August 1, 1999 and August 9, 2007
  • Lowest recorded temperature: {{convert|0|°F|0}} on December 25, 1989
  • Average annual precipitation: {{convert|57.6|in|mm|sigfig=3}}, but historically ranging from {{convert|27.68|in|mm|abbr=on}} in 1909 to {{convert|102.40|in|mm|abbr=on}} in 2018weblink aided by 23.02 inches of rain, September 13–16, from Hurricane Florence's slow movement across the Carolinasweblink WEB,weblink Florence Vaults Wilmington, North Carolina, to Its Record Wettest Year Since 1877, Dolce, Chris, Weather Underground, September 17, 2018, September 20, 2018, The 2018 annual precipitation of 102.40 inches exceeded the previous record wettest year (1877, with 83.65 inches of precipitation).
  • Wettest day: {{convert|13.38|in|1|abbr=on}} on September 15, 1999
  • Driest month: {{convert|0.16|in|1|abbr=on}} in April 1995
  • Wettest month: {{convert|24.13|in|1|abbr=on}} in September 2018weblink followed closely by {{convert|23.41|in|1|abbr=on}} in September 1999
  • Winter average snowfall: {{convert|1.6|in|cm|1}} (the median amount is 0)WEB,weblink Wilmington, NC Snowfall Database since 1870, Tim Armstrong, April 13, 2015,, National Weather Service, December 5, 2015,
  • Snowiest day (midnight-to-midnight): {{convert|11.1|in|cm|1|abbr=on}} on December 18, 1896
  • Snowiest month: {{convert|15.3|in|cm|1|abbr=on}} in December 1989, making the winter of 1989–90 the snowiest


(File:Wilmington theater and banking area.JPG|thumb|Wilmington theater and banking area)(File:Downtown Wilmington to the north.JPG|thumb|Downtown north)File:Ppdtowerwilm.JPG|thumb|PPD building in Northern downtown Wilmington]]Wilmington boasts a large historic district encompassing nearly 300 blocks.Abandoned warehouses on downtown's northern end have been recently demolished making room for multi-million dollar projects, such as the World Headquarters of Pharmaceutical Product Development (PPD) and a state-of-the-art convention center.Downtown/Old Wilmington{| class="wikitable"! Downtown Monuments and Historic Buildings| The George Davis MonumentConfederate Memorial (Wilmington, North Carolina)>Confederate Memorial| The Bellamy Mansion| Cotton Exchange of WilmingtonTemple of Israel (Wilmington, North Carolina)>Temple of Israel| The Murchison Building


Between 2006 and 2008, crime rates, as reported through the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reports, decreased in 6 of the 8 reported categories.{| class="wikitable"! Year! Murder! Rape! Robbery! Assault! Burglary! Larceny! MVT! Arson| 2006| 7.4| 65.4| 431.5| 398.8| 1,787.0| 4,078.2| 682.5| 23.2| 2007| 10.4| 60.3| 358.9| 424.4| 1,703.8| 3,761.2| 667.8| 16.6| 2008| 12.2| 49.8| 324.2| 404.5| 1,489.0| 3,511.5| 535.6| 15.2Wilmington has an increasing problem with gang violenceWEB,weblink Gangs Archives – WWAY TV3, WWAY TV3, and on October 15, 2013, the WPD and NHC sheriff's department created a joint task force to combat gang violenceweblink Just a day later the city council approved $142,000 in funding for a gang investigative unit.WEB,weblink Page not found, WWAY, TV3, April 28, 2017,


{{US Census population|1800= 1689|1820= 2633|1830= 3791|1840= 5335|1850= 7264|1860= 9552|1870= 13446|1880= 17350|1890= 20056|1900= 20976|1910= 25748|1920= 33372|1930= 32270|1940= 33407|1950= 45043|1960= 44013|1970= 46169|1980= 44000|1990= 55530|2000= 75838|2010= 106476|estyear=2018|estimate=122607ACCESSDATE=JULY 11, 2019, AUTHOR=UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAUACCESSDATE=SEPTEMBER 18, 2013ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20131019235623/HTTP://WWW.CENSUS.GOV/POPEST/DATA/CITIES/TOTALS/2012/SUB-EST2012-3.HTML, October 19, 2013, }}According to 2013 census estimates,WEB,weblink Wilmington city North Carolina QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau, dead,weblink" title="">weblink February 11, 2015, there were 112,067 people and 47,003 households in the city. The population density was 2,067.8 people per square mile (714.2/km²)and there were 53,400 housing units. The racial composition of the city was: 73.5% White, 19.9% Black or African American, 6.1% Hispanic or Latino American, 1.2% Asian American, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander.There were 34,359 households out of which 20.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.5% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.5% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.77.In the city, the population was spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 17.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.The median income for a household in the city was $31,099, and the median income for a family was $41,891. Males had a median income of $30,803 versus $23,423 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,503. About 13.3% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.9% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.


File:First Baptist Church, Wilmington, NC IMG 4313.JPG|thumb|Across from the Bellamy Mansion is the First BaptistBaptistFile:Grace United Methodist Church, Wilmington, NC IMG 4372.JPG|thumb|Grace United MethodistUnited MethodistLess than half of Wilmington's population is religiously affiliated (47.30%), with the majority of practitioners being Christian. The two largest Christian denominations in Wilmington are Protestant: Baptists (14.66%) and Methodists (8.29%), followed by Roman Catholics (7.42%). There are also a significant number of Presbyterians (3.19%), Episcopalians (2.30%), Pentecostals (1.45%), and Lutherans (1.32%). Other Christian denominations make up 7.02%, and the Latter-Day Saints have 0.90%. Much smaller is the proportion of residents who follow Islam (0.46%), and Judaism (0.25%). A small percentage of people practice Eastern religions (0.04%).WEB,weblink Wilmington, North Carolina Religion, Wilmington has significant historical religious buildings, such as the Basilica Shrine of St. Mary and the Temple of Israel.



The Wilmington International Airport (ILM) serves the area with commercial air service provided by American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and United Airlines. American Airlines carries a large share of the airport's traffic, and therefore flies the largest of the aircraft in and out of the airport. The airport serves over 930,000 travelers per year.WEB, McGrath, Gareth, Flying high, Wilmington airport sets passenger record,weblink Wilmington Star News, March 4, 2019, en, WEB, ILM reports annual passenger record,weblink WilmingtonBiz, March 4, 2019, WEB, Wilmington Airport Documents • Fly ILM,weblink Fly ILM, March 4, 2019, The airport is also home to two fixed-base operations (FBO's) which currently house over 100 private aircraft. The airport maintains a separate International Terminal providing a full service Federal Inspection Station to clear international flights. This includes U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Immigration. The airport is 4 miles from downtown and is served by Wave Transit buses.

Interstate highways

File:WilmingtonBarstow.JPG|thumb|Barstow, CaliforniaBarstow, California
  • {{Jct|state=NC|I|40}}
  • {{Jct|state=NC|I|140}}

U.S. Routes

File:WilmingtonAerialViewCoastGuard.jpg|thumb|The Cape Fear Memorial Bridge (foreground) carries US 17 Business, US 76 and US 421 across the Cape Fear RiverCape Fear River
  • {{Jct|state=NC|US|17}}
    • {{Jct|state=NC|US-Bus|17|dab1=Wilmington}}
  • {{Jct|state=NC|US|74}}
  • {{Jct|state=NC|US|76}}
  • {{Jct|state=NC|US|117}}
  • {{Jct|state=NC|US|421}}

North Carolina state highways

  • {{Jct|state=NC|NC|132}}
  • {{Jct|state=NC|NC|133}}

Alternative transportation options

Public transit in the area is provided by the Cape Fear Public Transportation Authority,WEB,weblink Bus, Shuttle & Trolley Transportation – Wave Transit, Wilmington, NC,, April 7, 2013, May 21, 2013, which operates fixed bus routes, shuttles, and a free downtown trolley under the brand name Wave Transit. A daily intercity bus service to Raleigh is provided by Greyhound Lines. Wilmington is also served by Amtrak Thruway bus connections to Wilson, NC.The NC-DOT Cape Fear Run bicycle route connects Apex to Wilmington and closely parallels the RUSA 600 km brevet route.WEB,weblink 400 Kilometers,, May 21, 2013, The City of Wilmington offers transient docking facilitiesWEB,weblink City of Wilmington, North Carolina > Community Services > Recreation > Docking,, May 21, 2013, in the center of Downtown Wilmington along the Cape Fear River approximately {{convert|12.5|mi|0}} from the Intracoastal Waterway. The river depth in the run up from the ICW is in excess of {{convert|40|ft}}.Taxicab service is available from several vendors, however, as the price of fuel rises, yet the City's Taxi Commission keeps meter rates artificially low, there is a real likelihood that no drivers will continue to work, as their income, before taxes, now averages 30% of what it was in 1998.The Gary Shell Cross-City Trail is primarily a multi-use trail which provides bicycle and pedestrian access to numerous recreational, cultural and educational destinations in Wilmington. The Gary Shell Cross-City Trail provides bicycle and pedestrian connection from Wade Park, Halyburton Park and Empie Park to the Heide-Trask Drawbridge at the Intracoastal Waterway.WEB,weblink City of Wilmington, North Carolina > Community Services > Gary Shell Cross City Trail,, May 21, 2013, It also connects to the River to Sea Bikeway and the under-construction Central College Trail and Greenville Loop Trail.


{{refimprove section|date=November 2016}}(File:Port of Wilmington Aerial 3B19.jpg|right|thumb|The State Port of Wilmington)(File:Wilmington, NC City Hall IMG 4364.JPG|thumb|Wilmington City Hall, with movie crews filming in July 2012)File:Graystone Inn of Wilmington, NC IMG 4321.JPG|right|thumb|Graystone Inn, an elegant bed and breakfastbed and breakfastWilmington's industrial base includes electrical, medical, electronic and telecommunications equipment; clothing and apparel; food processing; paper products; nuclear fuel; and pharmaceuticals. Wilmington is part of North Carolina's Research coast, adjacent to the Research Triangle Park in Durham, NC.Also important to Wilmington's economy is tourism due to its close proximity to the ocean and vibrant nightlife.Located on the Cape Fear River, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean, Wilmington is a sizable seaport, including private marine terminals and the North Carolina State Ports Authority's Port of Wilmington.Wilmington is home to the Greater Wilmington Chamber of Commerce, the oldest Chamber in North Carolina, organized in 1853. Companies with their headquarters in Wilmington include Live Oak Bank and

Top employers

{{See also|Category:Companies based in Wilmington, North Carolina}}According to the City's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:WEB,weblink City of Santa Fe Springs CAFR, PDF, May 25, 2013, {| class="wikitable"! #! Employer! # of Employees| 1|New Hanover Health Network|5,991| 2|New Hanover County Schools|3,645| 3|General Electric|2,195| 4|University of North Carolina Wilmington|1,844| 5New Hanover County, North Carolina>New Hanover County|1,563| 6|Pharmaceutical Product Development|1,464| 7|Verizon Wireless|1,216| 8|Cape Fear Community College|1,176| 9Corning Incorporated>Corning|1,000| 10|City of Wilmington|995



{{hidden begin|title = List of mayors of Wilmington, North Carolina|titlestyle = background:#F8F8FF;width:80%}}
  • John Sampson, 1760WEB,weblink Wilmington History, City of Wilmington, North Carolina, May 9, 2017, (Timeline)
  • Frederick Gregg, circa 1760s
  • Moses John deRosset, circa 1760s
  • ?
  • A.H. Van Bokkelen, 1866{{citation |url= |editor=T.H. Haddock |publisher= P. Heinsberger |title=Wilmington, N.C., Directory |year=1871 |page=24 }}
  • John Dawson, circa 1860s
  • Joseph H. Neff, circa 1860s
  • Silas N. Martin, circa 1871
  • ?
  • A. G. Ricaud, circa 1892WEB,weblink Mayors of Wilmington, North Carolina, Lawrence Kestenbaum, Political Graveyard, May 9, 2017,
  • Alfred Moore Waddell, 1898–1904
  • ?
  • Joseph D. Smith, circa 1911{{citation |url= |title=Wilmington, N.C. Directory |publisher=Hill Directory Co. |location=Richmond, Virginia |year=1911 }}
  • ?
  • James Cowen, circa 1922WEB,weblink Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina, December 24, 2017,
  • ?
  • Walter H. Blair, circa 1937
  • J.E.L. "Hi, Buddy" Wade 1949–1950, 1958–1960
  • E.S. Capps 1952–1953, 1960–1961
  • E. L. White, circa 1953–1955
  • Daniel David Cameron, 1956–1958{{citation |url=,2001642 |via=Google News |title=In Memory: Daniel David Cameron |date= July 7, 2005 |work=Star-News }}
  • Ogden Allsbrook, 1961–1970{{citation |url= |title=Wilmington, N.C. Directory |publisher=Hill Directory Co. |location=Richmond, Virginia |year=1963 }} {{free access}}
  • Hannah Block, circa 1963 (as mayor pro tempore)WEB,weblink Hannah Block, Wilmington civic leader, dies, Steelman, Ben, November 13, 2009,, November 9, 2017,
  • Luther M. Cromartie, 1970–1971
  • Benjamin David Schwartz, circa 1971–1972{{citation |url= |title=Ex-Wilmington mayor remembered |date=July 13, 2001 |work=Wilmington Star News }weblink
  • John Symes, 1972WEB,weblink How many former Wilmington mayors are still alive?, Steelman, Ben, July 15, 2011,, November 9, 2017,
  • Herbert B. Brand, 1973–1975
  • Ben Halterman, 1975–1983{{citation |url= |title=Former Wilmington mayor Ben Halterman, 87, dies |date= April 9, 2013 |work=Wilmington Star News }}
  • William Schwartz, circa 1984
  • Berry Armon Williams, 1985–1987{{citation |title= Cape Fearians Collection |publisher=New Hanover County Public Library |url= |work=New Hanover County Digital Archives |location=Wilmington |accessdate= May 9, 2017 }}
  • Don Betz, 1987–1997
  • Hamilton Hicks, 1997–1999
  • David L. Jones, 1999–2001
  • Harper Peterson 2001–2003
  • Spence Broadhurst, 2003–2006
  • Bill Saffo, 2007–present
{{hidden end}}


Universities and colleges

File:University of North Carolina Wilmington Arches.jpg|thumb|Iconic arches on the campus of University of North Carolina at WilmingtonUniversity of North Carolina at Wilmington


Public schools in Wilmington are operated by the New Hanover County School System.

High schools

Middle schools

Elementary schools

Academies and alternate schools


Performing arts

The city supports a very active calendar with its showcase theater, Thalian Hall, hosting about 250 events annually. The complex has been in continuous operation since it opened in 1858 and houses three performance venues, the Main Stage, the Grand Ballroom, and the Studio Theater.WEB,weblink Home, Thalian Hall, May 16, 2013, May 21, 2013, The Hannah Block Historic USO/Community Arts Center,WEB,weblink Welcome to the Hannah S. Block Community Arts Center,, April 5, 2013, May 21, 2013, 120 S. Second Street in historic downtown Wilmington, is a multiuse facility owned by the City of Wilmington and managed by the Thalian Association,WEB,weblink Thalian Association – The Official Community Theater of North Carolina,, May 21, 2013, the Official Community Theater of North Carolina.WEB,weblink North Carolina State Community Theater – Thalian Association,, May 21, 2013, Here, five studios are available to nonprofit organizations for theatrical performances, rehearsals, musicals, recitals and art classes. For more than half a century, the Hannah Block Historic USO Building has facilitated the coming together of generations, providing children with programs that challenge them creatively, and enhance the quality of life for residents throughout the region.The Hannah Block Second Street Stage is home to the Thalian Association Children's Theater.WEB,weblink What is TACT? | Children's Theater,, May 21, 2013, It is one of the main attractions at the Hannah Block Community Arts Center. The theater seats 200 and is used as a performance venue by community theater groups and other entertainment productions.The University of North Carolina at Wilmington College of Arts and Science departments of Theatre, Music and Art share a state-of-the-art, $34 million Cultural Arts Building which opened in December 2006. The production area consists of a music recital hall, art gallery, and two theaters. Sponsored events include 4 theater productions a year. {{webarchive |url= |date=September 30, 2011 }}The Brooklyn Arts Center at St. Andrews is a 125-year-old building on the corner of North 4th and Campbell St in downtown Wilmington. The Brooklyn Arts Center at Saint Andrews (BAC) is on the National Register of Historic Places. The BAC is used for weddings, concerts, fundraisers, art shows, vintage flea markets, and other community-driven events.WEB,weblink Concerts, Weddings, Events in Wilmington, NC :: The Brooklyn Arts Center at St. Andrews, Wilmington, NC, April 28, 2017,


Wilmington is home to EUE/Screen Gems Studios. Its prominent place in the cinema throughout the 80's and the 90's earned the city the moniker "Hollywood East". Popular televisions series' like Sleepy Hollow, Dawson's Creek, One Tree Hill, SIX,WEB,weblink SIX Full Episodes, Video & More, HISTORY, April 4, 2017, Good Behavior, Eastbound and Down and Under The DomeWEB,weblink Television, were filmed at the studio and on location throughout the city. Movies shot in Wilmington include Maximum Overdrive (1986), Crimes of the Heart (1986), Year of the Dragon (1985), Blue Velvet (1986), King Kong Lives (1986), Hiding Out (1987), Raw Deal (1986), Track 29 (1988), Weeds (1987), Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1990), The Crow (1994), Silver Bullet (1985), Firestarter (1984).Barth, Jack (1991),Iron Man 3,WEB,weblink Feature Film, We're the Millers, The Longest Ride and The Choice. Roadside Hollywood: The Movie Lover's State-By-State Guide to Film Locations, Celebrity Hangouts, Celluloid Tourist Attractions, and More. Contemporary Books. Pages 173–175. {{ISBN|9780809243266}}.Since 1995, Wilmington hosts an annual, nationally recognized, independent film festival called "Cucalorus."WEB,weblink Annual Festival of Independent Film, Cucalorus, May 21, 2013, It is the keystone event of The Cucalorus Film Foundation, a non-profit organization. The Foundation also sponsors weekly screenings, several short documentary projects, and the annual Kids Festival, with hands on film-making workshops.The Cape Fear Independent Film Network also hosts a film festival annually, and the Wilmington Jewish Film Festival also takes place yearly.WEB,weblink History of the WJFF, Wilmington Jewish Film Festival, en-US, March 19, 2019, For several years Wilmington was also the location of fan conventions for One Tree Hill, reuniting the cast and drawing tourists to the city.WEB,weblink EyeCon's 'One Tree Hill' reunion conventions to end, Staff, Hunter Ingram StarNews, Wilmington Star News, en, March 19, 2019, In 2014, Governor Pat McCrory decided not to renew the film incentives which ended up taking a massive toll on not just Wilmington's but North Carolina's entire film industry.NEWS,weblink North Carolina cutting film tax credit program, Los Angeles Times, August 27, 2014, May 29, 2018, As a result, most productions and film businesses moved to Atlanta, Georgia. As of 2017, there have been attempts to bring the industry back to North Carolina via the North Carolina Film and Entertainment Grant. This grant designates $31 million per fiscal year (Jul 1 – Jun 30) in film incentives.WEB,weblink Film Incentives, North Carolina Film Office, May 29, 2018,


Birthplace of Johnson Jones Hooper (1815–1862), Author of the Simon Suggs Series.Birthplace of Robert Ruark (1915–1965)


Chamber Music Wilmington was founded in 1995 and presents its four-concert "Simply Classical" series every season. The concerts are performed by world-class chamber musicians and are held at UNCW's Beckwith Recital Hall.The Wilmington Symphony Orchestra was established in 1971 and offers throughout the year a series of five classical performances, and a Free Family Concert.WEB,weblink Wilmington Symphony Orchestra | Wilmington NC,, May 21, 2013, Wilmington is also home to numerous music festivals.One of the largest DIY festivals, the Wilmington Exchange Festival, occurs over a period of 5 days around Memorial Day each year. It is currently in its 13th year.WEB,weblink Wilmington Exchange Festival for Art, Music and More, We Festival, May 21, 2013, Celebrating its 37th year, February 2 thru 4th, 2017, the North Carolina Jazz Festival is a three-day traditional jazz festival which features world-renowned jazz musicians.WEB,weblink Festival 2017, February 5, 2017, The Cape Fear Blues Society is a driving force behind blues music in Wilmington. The organization manages, staffs and sponsors weekly Cape Fear Blues Jams and the annual Cape Fear Blues Challenge talent competition (winners travel to Memphis TN for the International Blues Challenge). Its largest endeavor is the Cape Fear Blues Festival, an annual celebration that showcases local, regional and national touring blues artists performing at a variety of events and venues, including the Cape Fear Blues Cruise, Blues Workshops, an All-Day Blues Jam, and numerous live club shows. Membership in the CFBS is open to listeners and musicians alike.WEB,weblink Cape Fear Blues Society – Wilmington, NC,, May 21, 2013,

Museums and historic areas

File:USS North Carolina-27527.jpg|right|thumb|The USS North Carolina Battleship Memorial, seen from downtown Wilmington across the Cape Fear RiverCape Fear River(File:Railroad Museum in Wilmington, NC IMG 4452.JPG|right|thumb|The Railroad Museum is located behind the Hilton Hotel.) (File:Clear Skies for Battleship.jpg|thumbnail|upright|The battleship USS North Carolina from the Wilmington Riverwalk) The Second and Orange Street USO Club was erected by the Army Corps of Engineers at a cost of $80,000. Along with an identical structure on Nixon Street for African-American servicemen, it opened in December 1941, the same month that the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. From 1941 to 1945, the USO hosted 35,000 uniformed visitors a week. Recently renovated with sensitivity to its historic character, the Hannah Block Historic USO (HBHUSO) lobby serves as a museum where World War II memorabilia and other artifacts are displayed. The building itself was rededicated in Ms. Block's name in 2006 and restored to its 1943 wartime character in 2008. The building is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The World War II Wilmington Home Front Heritage Coalition,WEB,weblink WWII Wilmington Home Front Heritage Coalition – Wilbur Jones Compositions, L.L.C,, May 21, 2013, an all volunteer 501(c)(3) preservation organization, is the de facto preservationist of the building's history and maintains the home front museum.


Wilmington is host to many annual festivals, including, most notably, the Azalea Festival. The Azalea Festival, sponsored by the Cape Fear Garden Club, features a garden tour, historic home tour, garden party, musical performances, a parade, and a fireworks show. It takes places every year in April.


{{see also|List of newspapers in North Carolina|List of radio stations in North Carolina|List of television stations in North Carolina}}


The Star-News is Wilmington's daily newspaper; read widely throughout the Lower Cape Fear region and now owned by GateHouse Media. A daily online newspaper, Port City Daily (, is owned by Local Voice Media. Two historically black newspapers are distributed and published weekly: The Wilmington Journal and The Challenger Newspapers. Encore Magazine is a weekly arts and entertainment publication.

Broadcast radio


  • 630 AM WMFD – Sports ("ESPN Radio, AM 630")
  • 980 AM WAAV - News/Talk
  • 1180 AM WLTT - Spanish-language music and talk/Christian radio
  • 1290 AM WJCV - Southern Gospel ("Inspirational 1290 AM")
  • 1340 AM WLSG – Regional Mexican ("La Raza 94.1")
  • 1410 AM WVCB - Traditional Christian
  • 1490 AM WWIL – Urban Gospel ("Gospel Joy, 1490")


  • 88.9 FM WKVC – Contemporary Christian ("K-LOVE")
  • 89.7 FM WDVV – Worship & Praise Music ("The Dove, 89.7")
  • 90.5 FM WWIL-FM – Christian Music ("Life 90.5")
  • 91.3 FM WHQR – Public Radio
  • 93.1 FM WBPL-LP – Wilmington Catholic Radio
  • 94.1 FM W231CL Regional Mexican ("La Raza 94.1") (WLSG translator)
  • 95.5 FM W238AV – Contemporary Christian ("K-LOVE")
  • 95.9 FM W240AS – Soft AC ("95.9 The Breeze") (WKXB translator)
  • 97.3 FM WMNX – Hip Hop/R & B ("Coast 97.3")
  • 99.3 FM WZRF-LP – Album-oriented Rock ("99.3 The Zurf")
  • 99.9 FM WKXB – Rhythmic Oldies ("Jammin' 99.9")
  • 100.5 FM W263BA – Contemporary Christian ("K-LOVE")
  • 101.3 FM WWQQ-FM- Country ("Double Q, 101")
  • 102.7 FM WGNI – Hot AC ("102.7 GNI")
  • 104.5 FM WYHW – Christian Talk ("104.5")


The Wilmington television market is ranked 130 in the United States, and is the smallest DMA in North Carolina. The broadcast stations are as follows: Cable news station News 14 Carolina also maintains its coastal bureau in Wilmington.On September 8, 2008, at 12 noon, WWAY, WECT, WSFX, WILM-LP and W51CW all turned off their analog signals, making Wilmington the first market in the nation to go digital-only as part of a test by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to iron out transition and reception concerns before the nationwide shutoff. Wilmington was chosen as the test market because the area's digital channel positions will remain unchanged after the transition.NEWS,weblink USA Today, Wilmington, N.C., to test mandatory switch to digital TV, Paul, Davidson, May 8, 2008, As the area's official conduit of emergency information, WUNJ did not participate in the early analog switchoff, and kept their analog signal on until the national digital switchover date of June 12, 2009.WEB,weblink Article no longer available, W47CK did not participate due to its low-power status; FCC rules currently exempt low-powered stations from the 2009 analog shutdown.WEB, Teinowitz, Ira,weblink FCC Confirms Wilmington as Digital Test Market, TVWeek, May 21, 2013, WILM-LP and W51CW chose to participate, even though they are exempt as LPTV stations.{{Citation needed|date=November 2008}}Despite Tropical Storm Hanna making landfall southwest of Wilmington two days before (September 6), the switchover continued as scheduled. The ceremony was marked by governmental and television representatives flipping a large switch (marked with the slogan "First in Flight, First in Digital") from analog to digital.WEB, Dunbar, John,weblink Wilmington TV broadcasters make switch to digital,, May 21, 2013, {{Wilmington TV}}">

Sports{| class"wikitable"

! scope="col" | Club! scope="col" | League! scope="col" | Venue! scope="col" | Founded! scope="col" | Titles! scope="row" style="font-weight: normal;" | Wilmington SharksCoastal Plain League>CPL, Baseball| Buck Hardee Field at Legion Stadium| 1997| 2! scope="row" style="font-weight: normal;" | Wilmington HammerheadsUnited Soccer League>USL, Soccer| Legion Stadium| 1996| 1! scope="row" style="font-weight: normal;" | Wilmington Sea DawgsTobacco Road Basketball League>TRBL, Basketball| Wilmington YMCA| 2006| 0The Wilmington Sharks are a Coastal Plain League (CPL) baseball team in Wilmington that was founded in 1997 and was among the charter organizations when the CPL was formed that same year. The roster is made up of top collegiate baseball players fine-tuning their skills using wood bats to prepare for professional baseball. Their stadium is located at Buck Hardee Field at Legion Stadium.The Wilmington Sea Dawgs are a Tobacco Road Basketball League (TRBL) team that began its inaugural season with the American Basketball Association (ABA) in November 2006 and have also played in the Premier Basketball League, and the Continental Basketball League.The Wilmington Hammerheads are a professional soccer team based in Wilmington. They were founded in 1996 and played in the United Soccer Leagues Second Division. Their stadium was the Legion Stadium. After the 2009 season, the USL discontinued their relationship with the franchise owner Chuck Sullivan. The Hammerheads franchise returned in 2011.The University of North Carolina Wilmington sponsors 19 intercollegiate sports and has held Division 1 membership in the NCAA since 1977. UNCW competes in the Colonial Athletic Association and has been a member since 1984.The University of North Carolina Wilmington is also home to the Seamen Ultimate Frisbee team. The team won the National Championship in 1993 and most recently qualified for the USA Ultimate College Nationals tournament in 2014The Cape Fear Rugby Football Club is an amateur rugby club playing in USA Rugby South Division II. They were founded in 1974 and hosts the annual Cape Fear Sevens Tournament held over July 4 weekend; hosting teams from all over the world. They own their own rugby pitch located at 21st and Chestnut St.WEB,weblink Cape Fear Rugby Club – Honesti Supra Et Atque Campum, Off and on, from 1900 to 2001, Wilmington has been home to a professional minor league baseball team. The Wilmington Pirates, a Cincinnati Reds farm team, were one of the top clubs in the Tobacco State League from 1946–50.BOOK, Holaday, Chris, The Tobacco State League; A North Carolina Baseball History, 1946–1950, Jefferson, N.C., McFarland, 2016, 978-1-4766-6670-9, Most recently the Wilmington Waves, a Class A affiliate of the Los Angeles Dodgers, played in the South Atlantic League. Former All Star catcher Jason Varitek played for Wilmington's Port City Roosters in 1995 and 1996. In 1914 the Philadelphia Phillies held spring training in Wilmington.BOOK, The ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia, 2007, Sterling Publishing, 1-4027-4771-3, 1789,

Shopping complexes

Sister cities

Wilmington is a sister city with the following cities:

Points of interest

Notable people




Other notables

See also





Further reading

{{See also|Timeline of Wilmington, North Carolina#Bibliography|l1=Bibliography of the history of Wilmington, North Carolina}}

External links

{{Commons category-inline|Wilmington, North Carolina}}{{wikivoyage-inline|Wilmington (North Carolina)|Wilmington}}
  • Official website of Wilmington, NC
  • weblink" title="">Official website of New Hanover County, NC
  • AMCYC, Wilmington (North Carolina), Wilmington, the principal seaport and largest city of North Carolina, x,
  • NSRW, Wilmington, N. C., x,
{{Geographic Location|title = Destinations from WilmingtonElizabethtown, North Carolina>ElizabethtownBurgaw, North Carolina>BurgawHampstead, North Carolina>HampsteadLeland, North Carolina>Leland|Centre = WilmingtonWrightsville Beach, North Carolina>Wrightsville BeachSouthport, North Carolina>SouthportCarolina Beach, North Carolina>Carolina BeachMyrtle Grove, North Carolina>Myrtle Grove}}{{UNCW}}{{New Hanover County, North Carolina}}{{North Carolina}}{{Authority control}}

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