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William J. Casey

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William J. Casey
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New York City, New York (state)>New York, U.S.198763}}Roslyn Harbor, New York>Roslyn Harbor, New York, U.S.Republican Party (United States)>RepublicanFordham University {{small>(Bachelor of Science)}}{{nowrap>St. John's University (New York City)}} {{small>(LLB)}}United States}}United States Navy|23px}}|battles=World War II|unit=United States Naval Reserve}}William Joseph Casey (March 13, 1913 – May 6, 1987) was the Director of Central Intelligence from 1981 to 1987. In this capacity he oversaw the entire United States Intelligence Community and personally directed the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).Pace, Eric, "William Casey, Ex-C.I.A. Head, Is Dead At 74,", May 7, 1987, New York Times, retrieved February 20, 2019Smith, J.Y., "Former CIA Director William J. Casey Dies,", May 7, 1987, Washington Post, retrieved February 20, 2019Michael Kilian, "Former CIA Director William J. Casey Dies at 74,", May 7, 1987, Chicago Tribune, retrieved February 20, 2019Walsh, Lawrence E., Independent Counsel, "Chapter 15: William J. Casey" in Part VI: "Investigations and Cases: Officers of the Central Intelligence Agency," (page 199 et.seq.) in Vol. I: "Investigations and Prosecutions," of the Final Report of the Independent Counsel for Iran/Contra Matters, August 4, 1993, Division for the Purpose of Appointing Independent Counsel, Division No. 86-6, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Distrocit of Columbia Circuit, Washington, D.C., as transcribed on the site of the Federation of American Scientists, retrieved Feb. 21, 2019

Education

A native of Elmhurst, Queens, New York, Casey graduated from the Jesuit-affiliated and Catholic, Fordham University in 1934. He completed graduate work at the Catholic University of America before earning an LL.B. from another Catholic university, the St. John's University School of Law in 1937.

Career

Early career

Following his admission to the bar, he was a partner in the New York–based Buckner, Casey, Doran and Siegel from 1938 to 1942. Concurrently, as chairman of the board of editors of the Research Institute of America (1938–1949)weblink Casey initially conceptualized the tax shelter and "explained to businessmen how little they need[ed] to do in order to stay on the right side of New Deal regulatory legislation."JOURNAL, Basket Casey, New York Magazine, October 15, 1990,weblink Google Books,

World War II & OSS

During World War II, he worked for the Office of Strategic Services, where he became head of its Secret Intelligence Branch in Europe.NEWS, Obituary of Mr William Casey, New York Times, May 7, 1987,weblink Mr. Casey, after serving as chief of secret intelligence in Europe for the Office of Strategic Services in World War II,, EricUnited States Naval Reserve until December 1944 before remaining in his OSS position as a civilian until his resignation in September 1945; as an officer, he attained the rank of Lieutenant (navy)>lieutenant and was awarded the Bronze Star Medal for meritorious achievement.

Postwar business and government career

Following the dissolution of the OSS in September 1945, Casey returned to his legal and business ventures. After serving as a special counsel to the United States Senate (1947–1948) and associate general counsel to the Point Four Program (1948), Casey founded the Institute for Business Planning in 1950; there, he amassed much of his early wealth (compounded by investments) by writing several data-driven publications on business lawweblink He was a lecturer in tax law at the New York University School of Law from 1948 to 1962. From 1957 to 1971, he was a partner at Hall, Casey, Dickler & Howley, a New York corporate law firm, under the auspices of founding partner and prominent Republican politician Leonard W. Hall. He ran as a Republican for New York's 3rd congressional district in 1966, but was defeated in the primary by former Congressman Steven Derounian.NEWS, Steven B. Derounian, 89, Judge and Nassau Ex-Congressman, Dies, New York Times, April 20, 2007, Wolfgang Saxon,weblink

Nixon & Ford administrations

He served in the Nixon administration as the chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission from 1971 to 1973;BOOK,weblink Nomination of William J. Casey: Hearings, Ninety-second Congress, first session, on the nomination of William J. Casey to be a member of the Securities and Exchange Commission. February 10 and March 9, 1971, this position led to his being called as a prosecution witness against former Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former Commerce Secretary Maurice Stans in an influence-peddling case stemming from international financier Robert Vesco's $200,000 contribution to the Nixon reelection campaign.BOOK, Bob, Woodward, VEIL: The Secret Wars of the CIA 1981-1987,weblink registration, 1987, Simon and Schuster, New York, 51, He then served as Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (1973-1974) and chairman of the Export-Import Bank of the United States (1974–1976). During this era, he was also a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (1975–1976) and of counsel to Rogers & Wells (1976–1981).

Return to private work

With Antony Fisher, he co-founded the Manhattan Institute in 1978. He is the father-in-law of Owen Smith, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Institute of World Politics and Professor Emeritus at Long Island Universityweblink

Reagan campaign & transition

As campaign manager of Ronald Reagan's successful presidential campaign in 1980, Casey helped to broker Reagan's unlikely alliance with vice presidential nominee George H. W. Bush.NEWS, William Casey, Ex-C.I.A. Head, Is Dead At 74, Eric, Pace, May 7, 1987,weblink He then served on the transition team following the election.

Director of Central Intelligence

{{See also|Operation Cyclone|Bank of Credit and Commerce International}}After Reagan took office, Reagan named Casey to the post of Director of Central Intelligence.BOOK,weblink Nomination of William J. Casey: Hearing Before the Select Committee on Intelligence, of the United States Senate, Ninety-seventh Congress, First Session, on Nomination of William J. Casey, to be Director of Central Intelligence, Tuesday, January 13, 1981, Volume 4, Outgoing Director Stansfield Turner characterized the appointment as the "Resurrection of Wild Bill," referring to Bill Donovan, the brilliant and eccentric head of Office of Strategic Services in World War II, whom Casey greatly admired.Burn Before Reading, Stansfield Turner, Hyperion, 2005, first page of chapter on Ronald Reagan Despite Casey's background in intelligence, the position was not his first choice; according to Rhoda Koenig, he only agreed to take the appointment after being assured that "he could have a hand in shaping foreign policy rather than simply reporting the data on which it was based."Ronald Reagan used prominent Catholics in his government to brief Pope John Paul II of developments in the Cold War. Casey would fly secretly to Rome in a windowless C-141 black jet and "be taken undercover to the Vatican.Officials say pope, Reagan shared Cold War data, but lacked alliance, Catholic News Service, Nov-17-2004 {{webarchive|url=https://archive.is/20130118230515weblink |date=2013-01-18 }}Casey oversaw the re-expansion of the Intelligence Community to funding and human resource levels greater than those existing before the preceding Carter Administration; in particular, he increased levels within the CIA. During his tenure, post-Watergate and Church Committee restrictions were controversially lifted on the use of the CIA to directly and covertly influence the internal and foreign affairs of countries relevant to American policy.{{Citation needed|date=September 2017}}This period of the Cold War saw an increase in the Agency's global, anti-Soviet activities, which started under the Carter Doctrine in late 1980.

Iran–Contra affair

Casey was suspected, by some, of involvement with the controversial Iran-Contra affair, in which Reagan administration personnel secretly traded arms to the Islamic Republic of Iran, and secretly diverted some of the resulting income to aid the rebel Contras in Nicaragua, in violation of U.S. law. Casey was called to testify before Congress about his knowledge of the affair. On 15 December, 1986, one day before Casey was scheduled to testify before Congress, Casey suffered two seizures and was hospitalized. Three days later, Casey underwent surgery for a previously undiagnosed brain tumor.McCullough, James "Coping With Iran-Contra" in Personal Reflections on Bill Casey's Last Month at CIA, Central Intelligence Agency, retrieved February 20, 2019 Casey died in hospital less than 24 hours after former colleague Richard Secord testified that Casey supported the illegal aiding of the Contras.In his November 1987 book, Veil: The Secret Wars of the CIA 1981–1987, Washington Post reporter and biographer Bob Woodward, who had interviewed Casey on a number of occasions for the biography, said that he had gained entry into Casey's hospital room for a final, four-minute encounter—a claim which was met with disbelief in many quarters as well as an adamant denial from Casey's wife, Sofia. According to Woodward, when Casey was asked if he knew about the diversion of funds to the Nicaraguan Contras, "His head jerked up hard. He stared, and finally nodded yes.""Did A Dead Man Tell No Tales?" by Richard Zoglin, Time, October 12, 1987 In his final report submitted in August 1993, Independent Counsel, Lawrence E. Walsh indicated evidence of Casey's involvement:"There is evidence that Casey played a role as a Cabinet-level advocate both in setting up the covert network to resupply the contras during the Boland funding cut-off, and in promoting the secret arms sales to Iran in 1985 and 1986. In both instances, Casey was acting in furtherance of broad policies established by President Reagan. "There is evidence that Casey, working with two national security advisers to President Reagan during the period 1984 through 1986 -- Robert C. McFarlane and Vice Admiral John M. Poindexter -- approved having these operations conducted out of the National Security Council staff with Lt. Col. Oliver L. North as the action officer, assisted by retired Air Force Maj. Gen. Richard V. Secord. And although Casey tried to insulate himself and the CIA from any illegal activities relating to the two secret operations,... there is evidence that he was involved in at least some of those activities and may have attempted to keep them concealed from Congress."However, Walsh also wrote: "Independent Counsel obtained no documentary evidence showing Casey knew about or approved the diversion. The only direct testimony linking Casey to early knowledge of the diversion came from [Oliver] North."

Personal life

Casey, a Catholic, was a member of the Knights of Malta.Phelan, Matthew (2011-02-28) Seymour Hersh and the men who want him committed {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110302123501weblink |date=2011-03-02 }}, Salon.com

Death

Casey died of a brain tumor on May 6, 1987 at the age of 74. His Requiem Mass was said by Fr. Daniel Fagan, then pastor of St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church in Roslyn, New York. It was attended by President Reagan and the First Lady. Casey is buried in the Cemetery of the Holy Rood in Westbury, New York. He was survived by his wife, the former Sophia Kurz (d. 2000), and his daughter, Bernadette Casey Smith.NEWS,weblink On October 5, 2000, of Roslyn Harbor. Beloved wife of the late William J. Casey, former Director of Central Intelligence. Loving mother of Bernadette Casey Smith, The New York Times, October 9, 2000,

See also

References

{{Reflist|30em}}
  • Joseph E. Persico. Casey: The Lives and Secrets of William J. Casey-From the Oss to the CIA (1991)
  • Casey was featured prominently in Bob Woodward's book Veil: The Secret Wars of the CIA ({{ISBN|0-671-60117-2}}).
  • Casey's role in the Afghanistan War in Steve Coll's book (Ghost Wars|Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, From the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001) ({{ISBN|1-59420-007-6}}).

External links

{{Sister project links|wikt=no|b=no|q=no|s=Author:William J. Casey|commons=William J. Casey|n=no|v=no|species=no|d=Q174908|voy=no|m=no|mw=no}} {{Reagan cabinet}}{{DCIA}}{{SEC}}{{Cold War}}{{Authority control}}

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