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West Wendover, Nevada

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West Wendover, Nevada
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{{short description|Place in Nevada, United States}}







factoids
|motto = Come Grow with Us|image_skyline = 2013-07-04 14 10 07 View of West Wendover in Nevada from a hill to the west.jpg|imagesize = |image_caption = West Wendover, Nevada viewed from a hill west of town|image_flag = |image_seal = |image_map = Elko County Nevada Incorporated and Unincorporated areas West Wendover Highlighted.svg|mapsize = 250x200px|map_caption = Location of West Wendover, Nevada|image_map1 = |mapsize1 = |map_caption1 = | pushpin_map = Nevada#USA| pushpin_map_alt = | pushpin_map_caption = | pushpin_label_position = List of sovereign states>Country|subdivision_name = {{USA}}U.S. state>StateNevada}}List of counties in Nevada>CountyElko County, Nevada>Elko|government_footnotes = |government_type = |leader_title = Mayor|leader_name = Daniel Corona|leader_title1 = City CouncilGerald "Jerry" AndersonNick FloresJohn Hanson}}|established_title = |established_date = |unit_pref = Imperial|area_footnotes = |area_magnitude = |area_total_km2 = 19.4|area_land_km2 = 19.4|area_water_km2 = 0.0|area_total_sq_mi = 7.5|area_land_sq_mi = 7.5|area_water_sq_mi = 0.02010 United States Census>2010|population_footnotes = |population_total = 4410|population_density_km2 = auto|population_density_sq_mi = autoMountain Time Zone>Mountain (MST)| utc_offset = −7|timezone_DST = MDT| utc_offset_DST = −6|elevation_footnotes = |elevation_m = 1360|elevation_ft = 4462402211411region:US-NV|display=inline}}|postal_code_type = ZIP code|postal_code = 89883Area code 775>775Federal Information Processing Standard>FIPS code|blank_info = 32-83730Geographic Names Information System>GNIS feature ID|blank1_info = 1669583weblink}}|footnotes = |pop_est_as_of = 2018ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 8, 2019, |population_est = 4265}}West Wendover is a small city in Elko County, Nevada, United States. The population was 4,410 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Elko micropolitan area. West Wendover is located on the eastern border of Nevada and the western edge of the Great Salt Lake Desert and is contiguous with Wendover, Utah, with which it is sometimes confused. Interstate 80 runs just north of the cities, while Interstate 80 Business (Wendover Boulevard) runs through the two cities.

History

(File:USAAF Monument in West Wendover, Nevada.jpg|thumb|USAAF Monument in West Wendover)West Wendover began to develop in the 1930s and 1940s with the introduction of legalized gambling in the State of Nevada. William "Bill" Smith founded a small cobblestone service station that provided a needed rest to weary travelers crossing the desert terrain of western Utah and eastern Nevada. Today this facility is known as the Wendover Nugget. It wasn't until December 2001, when the former State Line Casino and Hotel came under new ownership, did this long-standing organization lose its place as the oldest continually operated gaming license for a casino in the State of Nevada; over 66 years.Through the 1970s and 1980s, West Wendover began to emerge as a destination resort. Additional business arrived constructing more casinos, hotels and other service establishments as well as recreational venues such as the Toana Vista Golf Course. As growth continued to spiral up, the citizens of West Wendover, Nevada, then a township of Elko County, elected to incorporate under self-rule. On July 1, 1991, the city of West Wendover, Nevada, came into existence. Amber S Holt named the city seal of West Wendover encouraging people to, "Come Grow With Us." WEB, West Wendover: Visitor's Guide: Historical, December 30, 2012,weblink October 9, 2015,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150402091234weblink">weblink April 2, 2015, dead, mdy-all, In October 1999, the U.S. Department of Transportation moved West Wendover out of the Pacific Time Zone due to the strong economic ties between West Wendover and neighboring Utah. This made the city of West Wendover the only portion of Nevada legally in the Mountain Time Zone.WEB,weblink CFR 2013 Title 49 Volume 1 Part 71 STANDARD TIME ZONE BOUNDARIES, www.gpo.gov, 2014-07-05, The communities of Jackpot, Jarbidge, Mountain City, and Owyhee in northern Elko County also observe Mountain Time, but only on an unofficial basis.West Wendover has thrived under a lucrative gambling industry in Nevada, which has generated tax revenue for city services and better schools.Residents in both cities have voted to annex Wendover into Nevada, saying they are one community that has been divided for too long. Some politicians in both the State of Utah and the State of Nevada have endorsed the idea.{{Citation needed|date=October 2011}} However, the politicians in Wendover, Utah, placed a permanent halt to the annexation process through a vote on November 15, 2006. The motion made was to halt the annexation process. The vote was a tie with two Council Members voting to halt the process and two Council Members supporting the continuation of the process. The tie vote was broken up by a vote of Wendover, Utah Mayor Brett Shelton who voted to discontinue the annexation process. Previously, West Wendover had decided to halt any further work after Wendover, Utah, indicated they were going to discuss and make a decision on proceeding.NEWS, West Wendover puts off decision, Associated Press, Deseret News, March 8, 2006,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080406022748weblink">weblink dead, April 6, 2008, Article IV, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution requires that any change in state boundaries be approved by the U.S. Congress as well as by the two state legislatures.WEB, Article IV,weblink U.S. Constitution, Cornell University Legal Information Institute, March 17, 2011,

Geography

West Wendover is located at {{Coord|40|44|22|N|114|4|11|W|type:city}} (40.739512, -114.069796).WEB,weblink United States Census Bureau, 2011-04-23, 2011-02-12, US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of {{convert|7.5|sqmi|abbr=on}}, all land.{{-}}

Climate

{{Weather box|location=West Wendover Air Force Base|single line=Y|Jan record high F= 64|Feb record high F= 80|Mar record high F= 81|Apr record high F= 92|May record high F= 103|Jun record high F= 105|Jul record high F= 112|Aug record high F= 110|Sep record high F= 103|Oct record high F= 90|Nov record high F= 78|Dec record high F= 65|year record high F=|Jan high F= 35.8|Feb high F= 42.9|Mar high F= 53.1|Apr high F= 62.5|May high F= 72.7|Jun high F= 82.9|Jul high F= 92.5|Aug high F= 89.9|Sep high F= 78.9|Oct high F= 63.7|Nov high F= 47.6|Dec high F= 37.0|year high F=|Jan low F= 18.7|Feb low F= 24.4|Mar low F= 32.0|Apr low F= 40.1|May low F= 49.4|Jun low F= 58.4|Jul low F= 67.0|Aug low F= 64.4|Sep low F= 53.3|Oct low F= 41.3|Nov low F= 28.9|Dec low F= 20.5|year low F=|Jan record low F= -16|Feb record low F= -12|Mar record low F= 8|Apr record low F= 19|May record low F= 26|Jun record low F= 31|Jul record low F= 43|Aug record low F= 36|Sep record low F= 28|Oct record low F= 18|Nov record low F= 5|Dec record low F= -18|year record low F=|Jan precipitation inch= 0.28|Feb precipitation inch= 0.28|Mar precipitation inch= 0.37|Apr precipitation inch= 0.48|May precipitation inch= 0.72|Jun precipitation inch= 0.51|Jul precipitation inch= 0.25|Aug precipitation inch= 0.34|Sep precipitation inch= 0.34|Oct precipitation inch= 0.47|Nov precipitation inch= 0.29|Dec precipitation inch= 0.25|year precipitation inch=|Jan snow inch = 1.6|Feb snow inch = 1.4|Mar snow inch = 0.5|Apr snow inch = 0.2|May snow inch = 0.0|Jun snow inch = 0.0|Jul snow inch = 0.0|Aug snow inch = 0.0|Sep snow inch = 0.0|Oct snow inch = 0.1|Nov snow inch = 0.4|Dec snow inch = 1.3|source 1 = WEB,weblink WENDOVER USAF AUX FLD, UTAH (429382), June 5, 2016, Western Regional Climate Center, |date=June 2016}}

Demographics

File:Text of monument, WW, NV.jpg|thumb|upright|Quote from Harry S. TrumanHarry S. Truman{{US Census population|align=left|1990= 2007|2000= 4721|2010= 4410|estyear=2018|estimate=4265ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 8, 2019, PUBLISHER=CENSUS.GOV, June 4, 2015, }}As of the 2010 United States census West Wendover had a population of 4,410. The racial and ethnic makeup of the population was 61.7% Hispanic or Latino, 33.8% non-Hispanic white, 0.3% non-Hispanic black, 1.2% non-Hispanic Native American, 1.3% non-Hispanic Asians, 0.7% non-Hispanic Pacific Islanders, 0.2% non-Hispanics reporting some other race and 4.1% reporting two or more races.As of the censusWEB,weblink United States Census Bureau, 2011-05-14, American FactFinder, of 2000, there were 4,721 people, 1,363 households, and 1,046 families residing in the city. The population density was 629.8 people per square mile (243.0/km²). There were 1,626 housing units at an average density of 216.9 per square mile (83.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.96% White, 0.68% African American, 2.27% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 22.75% from other races, and 2.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 56.85% of the population.There were 1,363 households out of which 55.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.46 and the average family size was 3.97.In the city, the population was spread out with 39.0% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 2.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.6 males.The median income for a household in the city was $34,116, and the median income for a family was $34,297. Males had a median income of $23,281 versus $18,105 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,013. About 17.4% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

West Wendover has a public library, a branch of the Elko-Lander-Eureka County Library System.WEB,weblink Nevada Public Libraries, PublicLibraries.com, 14 June 2019,

Casino industry

West Wendover has five main casino hotels:

See also

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Commons category}} {{wikivoyage-inline|Wendover (Utah/Nevada)|West Wendover}}{{Geographic Location|Centre=West WendoverIdaho}} Oakley|Northeast=Bonneville Salt FlatsUtah}} WendoverUtah}} Dugway Proving GroundEly, Nevada>Ely|Southwest=Ruby Lake National Wildlife RefugeElko, Nevada>ElkoWells, Nevada>Wells}}{{Elko County, Nevada}}{{Coord|40.739512|-114.069796|region:US-NV_type:landmark|display=title}}

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