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WebDAV
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| ports = 80, 443Application layer>Application}}Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) is an extension of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) that allows clients to perform remote Web content authoring operations. WebDAV is defined in {{IETF RFC|4918}} by a working group of the Internet Engineering Task Force.The WebDAV protocol provides a framework for users to create, change and move documents on a server. The most important features of the WebDAV protocol include the maintenance of properties about an author or modification date, namespace management, collections, and overwrite protection. Maintenance of properties includes such things as the creation, removal, and querying of file information. Namespace management deals with the ability to copy and move web pages within a server's namespace. Collections deal with the creation, removal, and listing of various resources. Lastly, overwrite protection handles aspects related to locking of files.Many modern operating systems provide built-in client-side support for WebDAV.

History

WebDAV began in 1996 when Jim Whitehead, a PhD graduate from UC Irvine, worked with the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) to host two meetings to discuss the problem of distributed authoring on the World Wide Web with interested people.WEB,weblink Proposed agenda for San Mateo Meeting, 1996, WEB,weblink Brief mtg. summary, 1996, Tim Berners-Lee's original vision of the Web involved a medium for both reading and writing. In fact, Berners-Lee's first web browser, called WorldWideWeb, could both view and edit web pages; but, as the Web grew, it became a read-only medium for most users. Whitehead and other like-minded people wanted to transcend that limitation.WEB,weblink Re: Updated agenda, The meetings resulted in the formation of an IETF working group, because the new effort would lead to extensions to HTTP, which the IETF had started to standardize.As work began on the protocol, it became clear that handling both distributed authoring and versioning together would involve too much work and that the tasks would have to be separated. The WebDAV group focused on distributed authoring, and left versioning for the future. (The Delta-V extension added versioning later{{snd}} see the Extensions section below.)The WebDAV working group concluded its work in March 2007, after the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG) accepted an incremental update to {{IETF RFC|2518}}. Other extensions left unfinished at that time, such as the BIND method, have been finished by their individual authors, independent of the formal working group.

Implementation

WebDAV extends the set of standard HTTP verbs and headers allowed for request methods. The added verbs include:
COPY
copy a resource from one URI to another
LOCK
put a lock on a resource. WebDAV supports both shared and exclusive locks.
MKCOL
create collections (a.k.a. a directory)
MOVE
move a resource from one URI to another
PROPFIND
retrieve properties, stored as XML, from a web resource. It is also overloaded to allow one to retrieve the collection structure (also known as directory hierarchy) of a remote system.
PROPPATCH
change and delete multiple properties on a resource in a single atomic act
UNLOCK
remove a lock from a resource

Server support

  • Apache HTTP Server provides WebDAV modules based on both davfs and Apache Subversion (svn).
  • Microsoft's IIS also has a WebDAV module.
  • Nginx has a very limited optional WebDav moduleWEB, Module ngx_http_dav_module,weblink nginx website, 15 July 2016, and a third-party moduleWEB, Module nginx-dav-ext-module,weblink github.com, 2 August 2016,
  • SabreDAV is a PHP application that can be used on Apache or Nginx in lieu of their bundled modules
  • ownCloud is a cloud storage PHP application which offers full WebDAV supportWEB, ownCloud Documentation,weblink owncloud.com, 23 July 2018,
  • Nextcloud is a cloud storage PHP application which offers full WebDAV supportWEB, Nextcloud 11 User Manual,weblink nextcloud.com, 19 September 2017,
  • lighttpd has an optional WebDav moduleWEB,weblink lighttpd mod webdav,
  • Caddy has an optional webdav moduleWEB,weblink http.webdav - Caddy User Guide, 28 Jul 2017, 13 Jul 2018,

Client support

Documents produced by the working group

The WebDAV working group produced several works:
  • a requirements document: "Requirements for a Distributed Authoring and Versioning Protocol for the World Wide Web" {{IETF RFC|2291}}, issued February 1998
  • a base protocol document (excluding versioning, despite its title): "HTTP Extensions for Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV)" {{IETF RFC|4918}}, issued June 2007 (which updates and supersedes "HTTP Extensions for Distributed Authoring{{snd}} WebDAV" {{IETF RFC|2518}}, issued February 1999)
  • the ordered collections protocol: "Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) Ordered Collections Protocol" {{IETF RFC|3648}}, issued December 2003
  • the access control protocol: "Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) Access Control Protocol" {{IETF RFC|3744}}, issued May 2004
  • a quota specification: "Quota and Size Properties for Distributed Authoring and Versioning (DAV) Collections" {{IETF RFC|4331}}, issued February 2006
  • a redirect specification: "Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) Redirect Reference Resources" {{IETF RFC|4437}}, issued March 2006

Other documents published through IETF

  • the versioning protocol: "Versioning Extensions to WebDAV (Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning)" {{IETF RFC|3253}} (created by the Delta-V working group)
  • a specification of WebDAV property datatypes: "Datatypes for Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) Properties" {{IETF RFC|4316}}
  • a document defining how to initiate mounting of a WebDAV resource: "Mounting Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) Servers" {{IETF RFC|4709}}
  • a calendar access protocol: "Calendaring Extensions to WebDAV (CalDAV)" {{IETF RFC|4791}}
  • a query protocol: "Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) SEARCH" {{IETF RFC|5323}}
  • an extension to the WebDAV ACL specification: "WebDAV Current Principal Extension" {{IETF RFC|5397}}
  • an extension to the WebDAV MKCOL method: "Extended MKCOL for Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV)" {{IETF RFC|5689}}
  • an extension of the collection model, defining creation and discovery of additional bindings to a resource: "Binding Extensions to Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV)" {{IETF RFC|5842}}
  • an application of POST to WebDAV collections: "Using POST to Add Members to Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) Collections" {{IETF RFC|5995}}
  • an extension which allows synchronizing large collections efficiently: "Collection Synchronization for Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV)" {{IETF RFC|6578}}

Extensions and derivatives

For versioning, the Delta-V protocol under the Web Versioning and Configuration Management working group adds resource revision tracking, published in {{IETF RFC|3253}}.For searching and locating, the DAV Searching and Locating (DASL) working group never produced any official standard although there are a number of implementations of its last draft. Work continued as non-working-group activity.DASL {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20040603051812weblink |date=2004-06-03 }} The WebDAV Search specification attempts to pick up where the working group left off, and was published as {{IETF RFC|5323}} in November 2008.WebDav SEARCHFor calendaring, CalDAV is a protocol allowing calendar access via WebDAV. CalDAV models calendar events as HTTP resources in iCalendar format, and models calendars containing events as WebDAV collections.For groupware, GroupDAV is a variant of WebDAV which allows client/server groupware systems to store and fetch objects such as calendar items and address book entries instead of web pages.For MS Exchange interoperability, WebDAV can be used for reading/updating/deleting items in a mailbox or public folder. WebDAV for Exchange has been extended by Microsoft to accommodate working with messaging data. Exchange Server version 2000, 2003, and 2007 support WebDAV. However, WebDAV support has been discontinued in Exchange 2010Discontinued Features: Exchange 2010 SP1 Help Microsoft TechNet in favor of Exchange Web Services (EWS), a SOAP/XML based API.

Additional Windows-specific extensions

As part of the Windows Server Protocols (WSPP) documentation set,WEB,weblink WSPP – Windows Server Protocols documentation, 2011, Microsoft published the following protocol documents detailing extensions to WebDAV:
  • [MS-WDVME]: Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) Protocol: Microsoft Extensions.WEB,weblink MS-WDVME – Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) Protocol: Microsoft Extensions, 2014, These extensions include a new verb and new headers, and properties that enable previously unmanageable file types and optimize protocol interactions for file system clients. These extensions introduce new functionality into WebDAV, optimize processing, and eliminate the need for special-case processing.
  • [MS-WDV]: Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) Protocol: Client Extensions.WEB,weblink MS-WDV – Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) Protocol: Client Extensions, 2011, The client extensions in this specification extend the WebDAV Protocol by introducing new headers that both enable the file types that are not currently manageable and optimize protocol interactions for file system clients. These extensions do not introduce new functionality into the WebDAV Protocol, but instead optimize processing and eliminate the need for special-case processing.
  • [MS-WDVSE]: Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) Protocol: Server Extensions.WEB,weblink MS-WDVSE – Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) Protocol: Server Extensions, 2011, The server extensions in this specification extend WebDAV by introducing new HTTP request and response headers that both enable the file types that are not currently manageable and optimize protocol interactions for file system clients. This specification also introduces a new WebDAV method that is used to send search queries to disparate search providers.
  • [MS-WEBDAVE]: Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning Error Extensions Protocol Specification.WEB,weblink MS-WEBDAVE – Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning Error Extensions Protocol Specification, 2011, This SharePoint Front-End Protocol describes extended error codes and extended error handling mechanism specified in [MS-WDV] to enable compliant servers to report error condition details on a server response.

Alternatives to WebDAV

  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP), a simple network protocol based on IP, allows users to transfer files between network hosts. FTPS extends FTP for secure traffic.
  • SSH File Transfer Protocol (SFTP), an extension of the Secure Shell protocol (SSH) version 2.0, provides secure file-transfer capability
  • A distributed file system such as the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol allows Microsoft Windows and open-source Samba clients to access and manage files and folders remotely on a suitable file server
  • AtomPub, an HTTP-based protocol for creating and updating web resources, can be used for some of the use cases of WebDAV. It is based on standard HTTP verbs with standardized collection resources that behave somewhat like the WebDAV model of directories.
  • CMIS, a standard consisting of a set of Web services for sharing information among disparate content repositories, seeks to ensure interoperability for people and applications using multiple content repositories; it has both SOAP- and AtomPub-based interfaces
  • Wiki software, such as MediaWiki.
  • Linked Data Platform (LDP), a Linked Data specification defining a set of integration patterns for building RESTful HTTP services that are capable of read-write of RDF data.

See also

References

{{Reflist|2}}

External links

{{URI scheme}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "WebDAV" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 5:37am EST - Sun, Nov 18 2018
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