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Vehicle registration plates of Ontario

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Vehicle registration plates of Ontario
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{{Use Canadian English|date=April 2014}}The Canadian province of Ontario first required its residents to register their motor vehicles in 1903. Registrants provided their own licence plates for display until 1911, when the province began to issue plates.WEB,weblink Ontario Archive, PorcelainPlates.net, 16 August 2017, Plates are currently issued by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (MTO).The location of plates and renewal stickers is specified by the Highway Traffic ActWEB,weblink Highway Traffic Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, Government of Ontario, 17 September 2015, and Regulation 628 under the Act.WEB,weblink R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 628: Vehicle Permits, Government of Ontario, 17 September 2015,

The Crown

The symbol of a crown representing the Crown of Canada has appeared on almost all Ontario licence plates since 1937, when it was first used to commemorate the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. Exceptions include the 1951 plates, and farm series plates issued in the 1980s and 1990s. Toronto politician and Orange Order leader Leslie Saunders led protests against a proposal to remove the crown in 1948, a decision the government overturned.Leslie Howard Saunders. An Orangeman in public life: the memoirs of Leslie Howard Saunders. Britannia Printers, 1980 pg. 97

Passenger baseplates

1911 to 1972

In 1956, Canada, the United States, and Mexico came to an agreement with the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators, the Automobile Manufacturers Association and the National Safety Council that standardized the size for licence plates for vehicles (except those for motorcycles) at {{convert|6|in|cm}} in height by {{convert|12|in|cm}} in width, with standardized mounting holes.MAGAZINE, Garrish, Christopher, October 2016, Reconsidering the Standard Plate Size, Plates, Automobile License Plate Collectors Association, 62, 5, The 1954 (dated 1955) issue was the first Ontario licence plate that complied with these standards.{|class="wikitable"!Image!Dates issued!Design!Slogan!Serial format!Serials issued!Notes
150px)|1911|White serial on blue porcelain plate; vertical "ONT." and "1911" at left and right respectively|none|12345|1 to approximately 11500|
150px)|1912Coat of arms of Ontario>provincial coat of arms and "ONT 1912" at left|none|12345|1 to approximately 16500|
150px)|1913|Black serial on yellow flat metal plate; provincial coat of arms and "ONT 1913" at left|none|12345|1 to approximately 24000|
150px)|1914|Black serial on tan flat metal plate; provincial coat of arms and "ONT 1914" at left|none|12345|1 to approximately 33000|
150px)|1915|Dark blue serial on light green flat metal plate; provincial coat of arms and "ONT 1915" at left|none|12345|1 to approximately 43000|
150px)|1916|Black serial on white flat metal plate; provincial coat of arms and "ONT 1916" at left|none|12345|1 to approximately 64000|
150px)|1917|Black serial on white flat metal plate; provincial coat of arms and "ONT 1917" at right|none|12345|1 to approximately 78000|
150px)|1918|Dark blue serial on white flat metal plate; provincial coat of arms and "ONT 1918" at left|none|123456|1 to approximately 107000|
150px)|1919|Black serial on golden yellow flat metal plate; provincial coat of arms and "ONT 1919" at left|none|123456|1 to approximately 133000|
150px)|1920|Dark green serial on white flat metal plate; provincial coat of arms and "ONT 1920" at left|none|123456|1 to approximately 162000|
150px)|1921|Embossed orange serial on black plate with border line; "ONT 21" at left|none|123-456|1 to approximately 184-000|First embossed plate.
150px)|1922|Embossed black serial on white plate with border line; "ONT 22" at left|none|123-456|1 to approximately 216-000|
150px)|1923|Embossed white serial on black plate; "ONT–1923" at bottom|none|123-456|1 to approximately 260-000|
150px)|1924|Embossed black serial on golden yellow plate; "ONT–1924" at bottom|none|123-456|1 to approximately 313-000|
150px)|1925|Embossed yellow serial on black plate with border line; "ONT 25" at left|none|123-456|1 to approximately 309-000|
150px)|1926|Embossed black serial on grey plate with border line; "ONT 26" at left|none|123-456|1 to approximately 415-000|
150px)|1927|Embossed black serial on buff plate with border line; "ONTARIO 1927" at bottom|none|123·456|1 to approximately 437·000|First use of the full province name.
150px)|1928|Embossed black serial on yellow plate with border line; "ONTARIO 1928" at bottom|none|123·456|1 to approximately 446·000|
150px)|1929|Embossed black serial on grey plate with border line; "ONTARIO 1929" at bottom|none|123·456|1 to approximately 477·000|
(File:ONTARIO 1930 license plate (2290173284).jpg|150px)1930Embossed black serial on white plate with border line; "ONTARIO 1930" at bottomnone|A-1234|A-1 to Z-9999Letters G, I and Q not used in serials.HTTP://WWW.ALLABOUTLICENSEPLATES.COM/ATHOME.ASP?STATE=ONTARIO >TITLE=ONTARIO LICENSE PLATES ACCESSDATE=10 JULY 2017,
|AB-123|AA-1 to approximately PV-999
(File:ONTARIO 1931 license plate (2290178640).jpg|150px)1931Embossed black serial on yellow plate; "ONTARIO 1931" at topnone|A·1234|A·1 to Z·9999
|AB·123|AA·1 to approximately OT·999
(File:ONTARIO 1932 license plate (2290179706).jpg|150px)1932Embossed black serial on grey plate; "ONTARIO 1932" at topnone|A·1234|A·1 to Z·9999
|AB·123|AA·1 to approximately OB·999
(File:ONTARIO 1933 plate (2210920242).jpg|150px)1933Embossed black serial on yellow plate; "ONTARIO 1933" at topnone|A·1234|A·1 to Z·9999
|AB·123|AA·1 to approximately MZ·999
(File:ONTARIO 1934 license plate (2289506657).jpg|150px)1934Embossed black serial on white plate; "ONTARIO 1934" at topnone|A·1234|A·1 to Z·9999
|AB·123|AA·1 to approximately NA·999
(File:ONTARIO 1935 license plate (2289507567).jpg|150px)1935Embossed black serial on orange plate; "19 ONTARIO 35" at topnone|A·1234|A·1 to Z·9999
|AB·123|AA·1 to approximately OK·999
(File:ONTARIO 1936 license plate (2289508543).jpg|150px)1936Embossed white serial on black plate; "19 ONTARIO 36" at bottomnone|A·1234|A·1 to Z·9999
|AB·123|AA·1 to approximately PK·999
150px)|1937|Embossed white serial on red plate; "ONTARIO 1937" centred at top, with crowns to left and right|none|1·A·23412·A·34123·A·4||First base to feature a crown in any form.
150px)|1938|Embossed orange serial on light blue plate; "19", crown and "38" centred at top; "ONTARIO" centred at bottom|none|1A23412A34123A4|the Loyal True Blue and Orange Home.SALLMEN DATE=2003 PAGE=13, 0973414405,
150px)|1939|Embossed white serial on black plate; "19", crown and "39" centred at top; "ONTARIO" centred at bottom|none|1A23412A34123A4A1234||
150px)|1940|Embossed black serial on yellow plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1940" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A1234||
150px)|1941|Embossed green serial on white plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1941" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A1234||
150px)|1942|Embossed black serial on orange plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1942" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A1234||
150px)1943–44}}|Embossed orange serial on black plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1943" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A1234||Revalidated for 1944 with windshield stickers, due to metal conservation for World War II.
150px)|1945|Embossed white serial on blue plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1945" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A1234||
150px)|1946|Embossed white serial on black plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1946" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A1234||
150px)|1947|Embossed black serial on silver plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1947" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A1234||
150px)|1948|Embossed white serial on blue plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1948" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A1234||
150px)|1949|Embossed blue serial on white plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1949" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A12341234A||
150px)|1950|Embossed white serial on black plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1950" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A12341234A||
150px)|1951–52|Embossed blue serial on white plate; "19–ONTARIO–51" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A12341234AAB123||Revalidated for 1952 with windshield stickers.
150px)|1953|Embossed white serial on blue plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1953" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A12341234AAB123||
150px)|1954|Embossed blue serial on white plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1954" at top|none|1A23412A34123A4A12341234AAB123||
150px)|1955|As 1953 base, but with "1955" to right of crown|none|123·456A12·345||First 6" x 12" plate.
150px)|1956|As 1954 base, but with "1956" to right of crown|none|123·456A·12345||
150px)|1957|Embossed white serial on black plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1957" at top|none|123·456A·12345||
150px)|1958|Embossed black serial on white plate; "ONTARIO", crown and "1958" at top|none|123·456A·12345||
150px)|1959|As 1957 base, but with "1959" to right of crown|none|123·456A·12345||
150px)|1960|As 1958 base, but with "1960" to right of crown|none|123·456A·12345||
150px)|1961|As 1957 base, but with "1961" to right of crown|none|123·456A·12345||
150px)|1962|As 1958 base, but with border line, and with "1962" to right of crown|none|123·456A·12345||
150px)|1963|As 1957 base, but with border line, and with "1963" to right of crown|none|123·456A·12345||
150px)|1964|As 1958 base, but with border line, and with "1964" to right of crown|none|123·456A·12345||
150px)|1965|Embossed white serial on blue plate with border line; "ONTARIO", crown and "1965" at top|none|123·456A·1234512345·A||
150px)|1966|Embossed blue serial on white plate with border line; "ONTARIO", crown and "1966" at top|none|123·456A·1234512345·A||
150px)|1967|Embossed white serial with crown separator on blue plate with border line; "19 ONTARIO 67" at top|"18 CONFEDERATION 67" at bottom|123-456A12-345123-45A||Issued as part of the Canadian Centennial celebration.
150px)|1968|Embossed blue serial with crown separator on white plate with border line; "1968" and "ONTARIO" centred at top and bottom respectively|none|123-456A12-345123-45A||
150px)|1969|Embossed white serial with crown separator on blue plate with border line; "1969" and "ONTARIO" centred at top and bottom respectively|none|123-456A12-345123-45A||
150px)|1970|As 1968 base, but with "1970" at top|none|123-456A12-345123-45A||
150px)|1971|As 1969 base, but with "1971" at top|none|123-456A12-345123-45A||
150px)|1972|As 1968 base, but with "1972" at top|none|123-456A12-345123-45A||

1973 to present

After 1973 Ontario ceased to issue plates annually. Instead, validation was indicated by means of stickers affixed to the plates. All Ontario licence plates issued since 1973 remain valid for display, provided they have been continuously registered.{|class="wikitable"!Image!Dates issued!Design!Slogan!Serial format!Serials issued!Notes
150px)1973–78}}|Embossed blue serial with crown separator on white plate with border line; "ONTARIO" centred at top; "73" at bottom left and full sticker box at bottom right"KEEP IT BEAUTIFUL" centred at bottomABC-123|AAA-001 to NKJ-999|Letters G, I and Q not used in this serial format, and U discontinued after the LMU series (1976).
150px)|1978–82|As above, but without "73", and with partial sticker box at bottom right|NKK-001 to TMA-999|
150px)|1982–86As above, but with no sticker box"YOURS TO DISCOVER" centred at bottom|TMB-001 to ZZZ-999|Staggered registration introduced 1983, with each plate expiring in the same month as the registrant's birthday.
150px)|1986–94|123-ABC|001-AAA to 999-VYH|Letters G, I, Q and U not used in this serial format.
150px)|1994–97Embossed blue serial with screened blue crown separator on reflective white plate; "ONTARIO" screened in blue centred at top"YOURS TO DISCOVER" screened in blue centred at bottom|123-ABC|001-VYJ to 999-ZZZDie (manufacturing)>dies introduced in preparation for ABCD-123 format.
150px)|1997–present{{nowrap|ABCD-123}}{{nowrap|AAAA-001 to}} CKRF-000 (as of August 12, 2019)|Letters G, I, O, Q and U not used in this serial format.
150px)|2008–present|"TANT À DÉCOUVRIR" screened in blue centred at bottom|Extra-cost alternative issue.

Serial numbers reserved for government officials

{{expand section|date=December 2010}}{|class="wikitable sortable"! Serial(s)! Political Office of Holder(s)! Level of Government
| CAN-001| Prime Minister of Canada| Federal
| CAN-002 to CAN-999
Cabinet of Canada>Federal Cabinet Ministers| Federal
| SEN-001 to SEN-999
Senate of Canada>Members of the Senate| Federal
| MHC-001 to MHC-999
House of Commons of Canada>Members of the House of Commons| Federal
| FCJ-001 to FCJ-999
Court system of Canada#Courts of the federal level>Federal Court Judges| Federal
| FDA-001 to FDZ-999| Federally Owned Vehicles| Federal
| ONT-001| Premier of Ontario| Provincial
| ONT-002 to ONT-999
Executive Council of Ontario>Provincial Cabinet Ministers| Provincial
| MPP-001 to MPP-999
Member of Provincial Parliament (Ontario)>Members of Provincial Parliament| Provincial
| SCO-001 to SCO-999| Ontario Superior Court of Justice| Provincial
| PJO-001 to PJO-999
Ontario Superior Court of Justice>Ontario Provincial Judges| Provincial
| ONA-001 to ONZ-999
PUBLISHER=ONTARIO MINISTRY OF TRANSPORTATION, 1991, | Provincial
">

Green vehicle plates{|class"wikitable"

!Image!First issued!Description!Slogan!Serial format!Serials issued!Notes
(File:2010 Ontario license plate GVAH 823 electric vehicle.png|150px)2010Green on white with graphic trillium separator|Green Vehicle|GVAB 123|GVAA 001 to presentIssued to plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and battery electric vehicles. Vehicles with these plates can access High-occupancy vehicle lane on 400-series highways regardless of the number of passengers in the vehicle.ONTARIO'S GREEN LICENCE PLATE PROGRAM PUBLISHER=MINISTRY OF TRANSPORTATION OF ONTARIO Government incentives for plug-in electric vehicles#Canada>government incentives for plug-in electric vehicles.
|Véhicule écologique|VEAB 123|VEAA 001 to present

Historic vehicles

(File:Ontario historic vehicle license plate 2h5200.jpg|thumbnail|Example of an Ontario Historic front plate.)Vehicles more than 30 years old and substantially unchanged since manufacture may qualify for a "Historic" registration.WEB, Highway Traffic Act, R.S.O. 1990, CHAPTER H.8, s7,weblink eLaws, Queen's Printer for Ontario, 17 September 2015, Annual fees are much lower ($18 vs $120 for a passenger car in 2019),WEB, Fees for other types of vehicles,weblink Ministry of Transportation of Ontario, Queen's Printer for Ontario, 17 September 2015, but historic vehicles may not be used as conventional transportation. They legally may only be driven to and from events and parades where the vehicle is on display, to garages for maintenance, and other similar use cases. Annual renewal stickers are affixed to the rear plate, as with passenger vehicles.Historic plates are not to be confused with year-of-manufacture plates.WEB, Vehicles must be 30 years old for historic plate designation,weblink wheels.ca, Toronto Star Newspapers and Metroland news, 17 September 2015,

Commercial plates 1980 to present

(File:2015 Ontario license plate passenger sticker.png|thumbnail|Exemption sticker)Unlike passenger cars, plate validation stickers for commercial vehicles are placed on the front plate, instead of the rear. This placement is consistent between trucks with visible rear plates, and tractor units where the rear plate is obscured by a trailer. Ontario vehicles registered in the International Registration Plan receive special commercial plates with "PRP" screened vertically at the left.All pickup trucks are legally considered commercial vehicles and thus require commercial plates. However, if used strictly as a passenger vehicle ("personal-use vehicle"), a truck may be exempt from some conditions imposed on commercial vehicles, indicated by a white or red "PERSONAL USE ONLY" sticker affixed in the top left corner of the front plate.WEB, Is my pickup truck a commercial motor vehicle and does it need a CVOR?,weblink Ministry of Transport of Ontario, QUEEN'S PRINTER FOR ONTARIO, 31 August 2015, {{-}}{|class="wikitable"!Image!First issued!Description!Slogan!Serial format!Serials issued!Notes
150 px)|1980|Black on white with embossed crown separator|none|AB1-234|AA1-001 to ZD9-999|Also used for non-passenger personal vehicles (i.e. pick-up trucks and panel vans).
150 px)|1995Black on reflective white with screened crown separatorYours to Discover|AB1-234|ZE1-001 to ZZ9-999|
150px)|1996|123-4AB|100-1AA to 999-9ZZ|
150px)2011{{nowrap|AB-12345}}AA-10001 to}} presentOn commercial vehicles, licence plate stickers are affixed in the top right of the front plate, as shown in the photo. The top left corner may be used for other stickers relating to vehicle use or taxation (i.e.: government exemption).
150px)|Tant à DécouvrirDA-10001 to}} present
150px)|2006|Black on reflective white with screened crown separator; vertical "PRP" at left|Yours to Discover|123-4PA|100-1PA to present|Used on vehicles registered in the International Registration Plan (IRP).

Farm plates

(File:1997 Ontario license plate 203â™”4FM farm.png|thumbnail|Example of a rear farm plate.)Vehicles over 3000 kg owned by farmers and used for farm-related purposes, such as working the soil, building maintenance, and the transportation of farm products, may qualify for a farm plate. Farm-plated trucks and towed trailers may also be used by a farmer for personal transportation.To qualify, a farmer must meet a series of criteria, including membership in farming organisations and a minimum amount of income that derives from farming. Fees for farm plates are substantially lower than for passenger or commercial plates. The Highway Traffic Act also exempts farm vehicles from several requirements imposed on commercial vehicles.WEB, Register a farm vehicle (permit, licence plate and sticker),weblink Ministry of Transport of Ontario, Queen's Printer for Ontario, 17 September 2015, Farm plates are black on white with a black crown separator, in a pattern similar to commercial plates. They have the word "FARM" written vertically on the left of the plate. Validation stickers are the same as for other vehicles, and are affixed to the front plate, as with commercial plates.">

Other non-passenger plates{|class"wikitable"

!Image!First issued!Description!Slogan!Serial format!Notes
150px)(File:1994 Ontario diplomatic license plate 378â™”CCC.jpg|150px)|1994|White on reflective red with crown separator.|Yours to Discover|123-CDx - diplomat123-CCx - consular123-XTR - non-diplomat embassy staff123-XOR - envoys without diplomatic recognition.Used for example by Palestine or Taiwan, which has a trade office but is not officially recognized by the Canadian Government|Diplomatic Plate.Ontario plates do not bear indications of the mission. Low numbers assigned to heads of missions (i.e.: ambassadors).
150px)|1994|Black on yellow background, with crown separator.|Yours to Discover|DLx-xxx123-DxxVehicle registration plates of Ontario#General registration licence plates>See below.
150px)|2007|Red stamped identification on a white reflective background. Screened in black: "DEALER" written vertically on the left, crown separator, "ONTARIO" across the top and "Yours to discover".|Yours to Discover|123-DxxWEBSITE=HAMILTON POLICEACCESSDATE=24 AUGUST 2015, See below. Issued singly, to be displayed at the rear of the vehicle.
150px)|2004|Printed on security paper with barcode|10 Day Temporary Permit/Permis Provisoire de Dix Jours|A-123456|Temporary use only, placed on dashboard at windshield.

Trailer plates

(File:Ontario trailer e4856v.jpg|thumbnail|Example of an Ontario trailer plate)All trailers in Ontario are considered separate vehicles and must have a permit and be plated. New owners of a trailer must register with the MTO within six days of purchase. They are then issued with a permit and a plate. Trailer plates are not renewed annually, but may be replaced if lost, damaged or stolen. Plates are affixed to the rear of the trailer. There is no front plate.WEB, Driver's Handbook,weblink Ministry of Transportation of Ontario, Queen's Printer for Ontario, 17 September 2015, All trailers, whether used by commercial operators or others, use a same model plate. Plates are blue on white with crown separator, in a pattern and colour similar to that of passenger vehicles, with the word "TRAILER" written vertically on the left of the plate. However, they do not follow the same numbering system as other vehicles.

Dealer and service licence plates

In Ontario, motor vehicle dealers licensed under the Motor Vehicle Dealers Act use a single portable plate with the word "DEALER" on the left side and red alpha-numeric characters on a white background. It is for exclusive use by motor vehicle dealers only on motor vehicles owned as part of the dealer's inventory of vehicles for sale. It may also be used for private use vehicles that are owned as part of the dealer's inventory of vehicles for sale.WEB, Frequently Asked Questions about Ontario Dealer Plates,weblink ucda.org, The Used Car Dealers Association of Ontario, 24 August 2015, Service providers, including anyone who repairs, customizes, modifies, manufactures or transports motor vehicles or trailers use yellow and black DLR series plates (Dealer and Service Plate).A service plate may be used:
  • on a trailer or motor vehicle other than a motorcycle or motor-assisted bicycle for purposes related to the repair, road testing, customization or modification of the vehicle, if the vehicle is in the possession of the person to whom the service plate is issued, or
  • for the purpose of transporting the vehicle by a person engaged in the business of transporting vehicles, or
  • for purposes related to the manufacturing or sale of a trailer, or
  • for the purpose of towing the vehicle by a person engaged in the business of transporting vehicles, or
  • to tow a vehicle to a location where its load will be removed or to an impound facility.
Private use of motor vehicles or trailers with a service plate is not permitted.

Personalized licence plates

Along with regular series plates, the province also offers personalized plates for passenger and commercial vehicles. A personalized licence plate message may contain almost any combination of letters and numbers from two to eight characters. The plates can also include one of 60 different graphics,WEB, Choose a licence plate graphic,weblink Service Ontario, Queen's Printer for Ontario, 24 August 2015, with two to six characters. Available graphics have changed over the years, with some becoming available, while others have been withdrawn or modified. Owners selecting a graphic but no custom message are generally assigned a registration with a 12XY34 pattern, where the XY is a code indicating the design (i.e.: LN and LM = Loon, CF = Canadian Flag, etc.).The province reserves the right to refuse or withdraw plates for a variety of reasons,WEB, Choose an appropriate personalized message,weblink Service Ontario, Queen's printer for Ontario, 24 August 2015, including:
  • Sexual messages
  • Abusive, obscene language and derogatory slang
  • Promotion or denunciation of religion and religious figures
  • Promotion of use of drugs or alcohol
  • Messages relating to politics, political figures, negative statements on institutions and persons, public personalities, or police badge numbers
  • Advocating or promoting violence or crime
  • Any discriminatory statement
  • Ambiguous or confusing numbers, or which may be mistaken for another existing plate (about 1 in 3 rejections)
  • Messages which may infringe on copyright and intellectual property
While criteria have existed since the introduction of personalized plates, accusations of excessive zeal led the McGuinty government to set up a review committee in August 2008. The eight-member committee meets weekly to review submissions. In the first half of 2013, it had rejected 3% of requests.NEWS, Ellison, Marc, 0UTLAW3D: The vanity licence plates the Ontario government won’t let you see,weblink 7 October 2015, The Toronto Star, Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd., 2 August 2013, Plates have also been withdrawn after issue.WEB, Laroque, Corey, Government revokes driver's 'WTF' plate,weblink The Toronto Sun, Sun Media, 24 August 2015, 10 May 2011, The ownership of plates with graphic elements associated with particular groups, such as veterans or firefighters, may be restricted and require proof of eligibility.Personalized plates with two to five characters are also available for motorcycles.Ontario_pers_vrrrmmmm.png|Ontario personalised plates can have up to eight characters, including letters, numbers and the crown.Ontario_pers_q2.png|The minimum number of characters is two.Ontario_per_7tjm.jpg|Personalized licence plate. Note the use of the crown as a character.Ontario_pers_45se62.png|Plates with graphics are also available. The variety of graphics includes popular Ontario sports teams, such as the Ottawa Senators.Ontario vet 4v7234.png|Ontario Veteran plate. Applicants must confirm their eligibility through the Royal Canadian Legion. Numbers are assigned in 1V2345 format if no personalized message selected.Ontario_pers_02yr35.png|Some money from the sale of the Yellow Ribbon plates such as this one is donated by the province to the Canadian Forces Personnel Assistance Fund to assist Canadian military veterans.NEWS, Leslie, Keith, Licence plates to honour troops called 'offensive gimmick',weblink 26 August 2015, The Globe and Mail, The Globe and Mail Inc, 13 November 2009, The message here is not customized and so the registration has been assigned. The "yellow ribbon" design is indicated by the "YR" code.Ontario_pers_wloo_fadium.jpg|Plate with both a graphic element and a personalised registration. This example bears the logo of the University of Waterloo. Note that the dark areas around the digits are dirt, and not part of the design.2011 Ontario license plate 56FL12 Franco-Ontarian TANT À DÉCOUVRIR.png|Personalized plate bearing the image of the Franco-Ontarian flag ("FL" code). The marketing legend reads "Tant à découvrir", in French.2011 Ontario license plate 05FL07 Franco-Ontarian.png|Personalized plate bearing the image of the Franco-Ontarian flag. Uncommonly for this pattern, the marketing legend is in English.Ontario_comm_plate_mdsons_front.jpg|Personalized plate (front) attached to a pickup truck. Note that as a pickup truck it should otherwise bear a black on white commercial plate, but the personalized plate is blue on white. Validation and "personal use" tags are affixed to the front plate, as in the case of other pickups.Ontario_pers_temp.png|This personalised rear plate bears a temporary licence plate sticker. Temporary registration allows a "fit" and insured vehicle to be driven for ten days pending completion of the requirements for a regular registration.

Manufacturing

File:Ontario avery 9903.png|thumbnail|Since 1994, Ontario plates have had a reflective backing. Between 1999-2003, the backing was made by Avery. These can be recognized by the slogan written with smaller letters, and the presence of a registration mark below the bottom left bolt hole. Backing has since been made using 3M3MOntario licence plates were formerly manufactured at the Millbrook Correctional Centre in Cavan-Millbrook-North Monaghan.BOOK, Sallmen, Joseph, 2003, Ontario License Plates: A Century of History, 66, 0973414405, Upon Millbrook's closure in 2003,NEWS, Graham, Karen, 2015, End of an Era as the Jail Comes Tumbling Down,weblink Millbrook,Ontario, 2017-10-11, manufacture was moved to the Central East Correctional Centre in Lindsay, Ontario.WEB, First look at where Ontario inmates make blankets, licence plates,weblink CTV News London, CTV Television Network, 24 August 2015, Since 1991, all Ontario plates have been manufactured for the MTO by Trilcor Industries, owned by the province's Ministry of the Solicitor General.WEB, Treatment Programs;Trilcor Industries,weblink Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services, Queen's Printer for Ontario, 24 August 2015,

Defective plates

In 2012, reports began to appear of plates deteriorating earlier than otherwise expected. The reflective layers detached themselves from the metal plate, making the plate unreadable. Approximately 1% of licence plates issued have this defect. The defect has appeared in both front and rear plates. Trilcor Industries and the MTO offer a five-year warranty on plates and will replace the defective plates at no cost.NEWS, Warren, May, Peeling licence plates a problem across Ontario,weblink 2 September 2015, Waterloo Region Record, Metroland News, 22 January 2015, Plate replacement for other reasons (theft, damage, wear, etc.) is done at a cost.Conventional plates can be replaced "over-the-counter" at a license office, but the complete process for personalized plates takes over six months.WEB, How can I replace a lost, stolen, or damaged licence plate or personalized licence plate?,weblink Service Ontario, Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2 September 2015, Driving with an illegible plate is an offence punishable by fine, under the Highway Traffic Act.WEB, Highway Traffic Act (Highway Traffic Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8),weblink ontario.ca, Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2 September 2015,

Investigation into causes

In 2015, the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services hired Canada's National Research Council to identify the root cause of licence plate de-lamination. The NRC's report indicated that the reflective material adhered poorly to the aluminium plates, and that embossing process stressed the materials to the point that the reflective layer would puncture and de-laminate. At that point, water and other contaminants could slip between the layers. Also, road de-icing materials contributed to the de-lamination. The report found that this problem was present in samples from all types of plates, except for motorcycle plates.The report recommended that Trilcor work with its supplier of laminating layer to resolve the problem, and indicated that a thicker layer of material would likely perform better.NEWS, Howorun, Christina, Thousands of Ontario licence plates deemed defective,weblink 18 January 2017, City News, Rogers Digital Media, 22 September 2016, Damaged Ontario DCDM236.JPG|Example of early deterioration of front Ontario Number PlateDamaged_Ontario_Number_Plate.JPG|Early deterioration on a rear plate. The aluminum base is visible where the reflective layer has fallen off.Defective_Ontario_Plate_Front.jpg|Close-up view of early damage to a front licence plate of an Ontario car. The reflective layer can be seen de-laminating and separating from the metal base.Defective_Ontario_Plate_Rear.jpg|Close-up view of similar damage to the rear plate of the same car, indicating this problem is not confined to the front plates. Ontario corrosion 695sya.png|For comparison purposes, corrosion on this plate is due to age and wear, rather than a defective substrate.

Alternative supplier

In 2016, an increase in the rate of defective plates combined with an increase in the number of registered vehicles led to the Ontario Ministry of Transport unable to keep up with demand for plates. It placed an order for 100,000 units from the Waldale Irwin Holdson Group, the largest licence plate manufacturer in North America.WEB, About us,weblink Waldale Irwin Hodson Group, 18 January 2017, Plates are produced by the Waldale Manufacturing facility in Amherst, Nova Scotia.Plates from the first batch of 35,000 can be identified due to the use of embossed letters and numbers from Nova Scotia plates, which differ in appearance from Ontarian fonts.WEB, Ontario special orders licence plates to meet high demand,weblink CBC News, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 18 January 2017, 17 January 2017,

See also

References

{{reflist}}

External links

{{Vehicle registration plates of Canada}}{{North America in topic|Vehicle registration plates of}}

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