Van Morrison

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Van Morrison
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{{short description|Northern Irish singer-songwriter and musician}}{{Use British English|date=June 2012}}{{Use dmy dates|date=July 2017}}

| birth_place = Bloomfield, Belfast, Northern Ireland| origin = | death_date =| death_place = {edih} {edih} {edih}| years_active = 1958–present }}Them (band)>Themweblink}}}}Sir George Ivan "Van" Morrison {{small|OBE}} (born 31 August 1945){{AllMusic |tab=biography |title=Van Morrison biography}} is a Northern Irish singer-songwriter, instrumentalist and record producer. His professional career began as a teenager in the late 1950s playing a variety of instruments including guitar, harmonica, keyboards and saxophone for various Irish showbands, covering the popular hits of that time. Van Morrison rose to prominence in the mid-1960s as the lead singer of the Northern Irish R&B band Them, with whom he recorded the garage band classic "Gloria". His solo career began under the pop-hit oriented guidance of Bert Berns with the release of the hit single "Brown Eyed Girl" in 1967. After Berns's death, Warner Bros. Records bought out his contract and allowed him three sessions to record Astral Weeks (1968).Turner (1993). pages 86 â€“ 90 Though this album gradually garnered high praise, it was initially a poor seller.Moondance (1970) established Morrison as a major artist,WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 19 April 2005,, Classic Tracks: Van Morrison's Moondance, 1 April 2005, Eskow, Gary, 26 May 2009, and he built on his reputation throughout the 1970s with a series of acclaimed albums and live performances. He continues to record and tour, producing albums and live performances that sell well and are generally warmly received, sometimes collaborating with other artists, such as Georgie Fame and The Chieftains.Much of Morrison's music is structured around the conventions of soul music and R&B, such as the popular singles "Brown Eyed Girl", "Jackie Wilson Said (I'm in Heaven When You Smile)", "Domino" and "Wild Night". An equal part of his catalogue consists of lengthy, loosely connected, spiritually inspired musical journeys that show the influence of Celtic tradition, jazz and stream-of-consciousness narrative, such as the album Astral Weeks and the lesser known Veedon Fleece and Common One.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 7 June 2011, SHOF: Van Morrison biography,, 7 July 2008, WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 30 May 2001, Ballon, John, 28 December 2008, Musthear review: Veedon Fleece,, 18 May 2010, The two strains together are sometimes referred to as "Celtic soul".NEWS,weblink TIME, 13 November 2006, Light, Alan, The All-Time 100 Albums, 6 May 2010, He has received two Grammy Awards,WEB, Artist: Van Morrison,weblink, 17 August 2017, the 1994 Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music, the 2017 Americana Music Lifetime Achievement Award for Songwriting and has been inducted into both the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Songwriters Hall of Fame. In 2016, he was knighted for services to the music industry and to tourism in Northern Ireland.NEWS, Gordon, Rayner,weblink Queen's Birthday Honours: Van Morrison knighted, Telegraph Media Group, The Daily Telegraph, 13 June 2015, 13 June 2015, NEWS,weblink The Queen’s Birthday Honours 2015, GOV.UK, 2018-07-03, en, He is known by the nickname Van the Man to his fans.NEWS,weblink Sir Van overjoyed at knighthood, 2016-02-04, BBC News, 2018-08-26, en-GB,

Life and career

Early life and musical roots: 1945–1964

George Ivan "Van" Morrison was born on 31 August 1945, at 125 Hyndford Street, Bloomfield, Belfast, Northern Ireland, as the only child of George Morrison, a shipyard electrician, and Violet Stitt Morrison, who had been a singer and tap dancer in her youth.NEWS, 22 September 2007,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 29 June 2012, McNeilly, Claire, It's Van: The Mam, Belfast Telegraph, 26 September 2007, Morrison's family were working class Protestants descended from the Ulster Scots population that settled in Belfast.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 1 September 2009,, Van Morrison at All About Jazz, 12 December 2009, Hinton (1997), page 18.Heylin (2003), p. 4. From 1950 to 1956, Morrison, who began to be known as "Van" during this time, attended Elmgrove Primary School.Turner (1993), p. 20. His father had what was at the time one of the largest record collections in Ulster (acquired during his time in Detroit, Michigan, in the early 1950s)Hinton (1997), p. 19. and the young Morrison grew up listening to artists such as Jelly Roll Morton, Ray Charles, Lead Belly, Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee and Solomon Burke;Hinton (1997), p. 20. of whom he later said, "If it weren't for guys like Ray and Solomon, I wouldn't be where I am today. Those guys were the inspiration that got me going. If it wasn't for that kind of music, I couldn't do what I'm doing now."WEB, 2 June 2005,weblink" title="">weblink 18 June 2008, Renaissance Van, Wild, David, Rolling Stone, 30 April 2010,weblink His father's record collection exposed him to various musical genres, such as the blues of Muddy Waters; the gospel of Mahalia Jackson; the jazz of Charlie Parker; the folk music of Woody Guthrie; and country music from Hank Williams and Jimmie Rodgers, while the first record he ever bought was by blues musician Sonny Terry.JOURNAL,weblink Listening Party, New Yorker, Greenman, Ben, 9 March 2009, 18 May 2010, When Lonnie Donegan had a hit with "Rock Island Line", written by Huddie Ledbetter (Lead Belly), Morrison felt he was familiar with and able to connect with skiffle music as he had been hearing Lead Belly before that.Collis (1996), page 33.WEB,weblink Van Morrison,, Elder, Sean, 19 September 2000, 18 May 2010, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 30 January 2011, Morrison's father bought him his first acoustic guitar when he was eleven, and he learned to play rudimentary chords from the song book The Carter Family Style, edited by Alan Lomax.Turner (1993), p. 25. In 1957, at the age of twelve, Morrison formed his first band,WEB,weblink Van Morrison: The Irascible Mystic,, 18 May 2010, 30 June 2007, Perusse, Bernard, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 5 September 2012, a skiffle group, "The Sputniks", named after the satellite, Sputnik 1, that had been launched earlier that year by the Soviets.Hinton (1997), page 22. In 1958, the band played at some of the local cinemas, and Morrison took the lead, contributing most of the singing and arranging. Other short-lived groups followed – at fourteen, he formed Midnight Special, another modified skiffle band and played at a school concert. Then, when he heard Jimmy Giuffre playing saxophone on "The Train and The River", he talked his father into buying him a saxophone,Heylin (2003), page 34. and took lessons in tenor sax and music reading.Turner (1993), page 26.Now playing the saxophone, Morrison joined with various local bands, including one called Deanie Sands and the Javelins, with whom he played guitar and shared singing. The line-up of the band was lead vocalist Deanie Sands, guitarist George Jones, and drummer and vocalist Roy Kane.JOURNAL,weblink Grissim Jr., John, Van Morrison: The Rolling Stone Interview, Rolling Stone, 22 June 1972, 23 July 2010,weblink" title="">weblink 10 December 2010, yes, Later the four main musicians of the Javelins, with the addition of Wesley Black as pianist, became known as the Monarchs.Turner (1993), page 28.Morrison attended Orangefield Boys Secondary School, leaving in July 1960 with no qualifications.NEWS,weblink Is this the best album ever made?, The Guardian, 2 November 2008, 18 May 2010, O'Hagan, Sean, London, As a member of a working-class community, it was expected he would get a regular full-time job, so after several short apprenticeship positions, he settled into a job as a window cleaner—later alluded to in his songs "Cleaning Windows" and "Saint Dominic's Preview".Rogan (2006), page 48. However, he had been developing his musical interests from an early age and continued playing with the Monarchs part-time. Young Morrison also played with the Harry Mack Showband, the Great Eight, with his older workplace friend, Geordie (G. D.) Sproule, whom he later named as one of his biggest influences.Rogan (2006), pages 43–48.At age 17, Morrison toured Europe for the first time with the Monarchs, now calling themselves the International Monarchs. This Irish showband,WEB,weblink 1963,, 21 April 2009,weblink" title="">weblink yes, 28 October 2009, {{webarchive|format=addlarchives|url=|date=28 October 2009}} with Morrison playing saxophone, guitar and harp, in addition to back-up duty on bass and drums, toured steamy clubs and US Army bases in Scotland, England and Germany, often playing five sets a night. While in Germany, the band recorded a single, "Boozoo Hully Gully"/"Twingy Baby", under the name Georgie and the Monarchs. This was Morrison's first recording, taking place in November 1963 at Ariola Studios in Cologne with Morrison on saxophone; it made the lower reaches of the German charts.WEB,weblink Van Morrison with The Monarchs / Them Chronology 1947/8-1969,, 21 April 2009,weblink" title="">weblink yes, 28 October 2009, {{webarchive |format=addlarchives |url= |date=28 October 2009}}WEB,weblink monarchsvanmorrison,, 21 April 2009, Upon returning to Belfast in November 1963, the group disbanded,Turner (1993), pp. 33–38. so Morrison connected with Geordie Sproule again and played with him in the Manhattan Showband along with guitarist Herbie Armstrong. When Armstrong auditioned to play with Brian Rossi and the Golden Eagles, later known as the Wheels, Morrison went along and was hired as a blues singer.Rogan (2006), p. 78.Hodgett, Trevor. "Wheel Away the Years. Shindig! No. 27. Volcano Publishing, p. 51. > Bishop, Chris. "The Wheels (The Wheel-a-Ways)." Garage Hangover. 27 August 2010. WEB,weblink Archived copy, 30 May 2015, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 30 May 2015,

Them: 1964–1966

The roots of Them, the band that first broke Morrison on the international scene, came in April 1964 when he responded to an advert for musicians to play at a new R&B club at the Maritime Hotel â€“ an old dance hall frequented by sailors.WEB,weblink Van Morrison â€“ In His Own Words,, 23 April 2009, The new R&B club needed a band for its opening night; however, Morrison had left the Golden Eagles (the group with which he had been performing at the time), so he created a new band out of the Gamblers, an East Belfast group formed by Ronnie Millings, Billy Harrison, and Alan Henderson in 1962.BOOK,weblink The rough guide to rock – Google Book Search,, 24 April 2009, Buckley, Peter, 978-1-84353-105-0, WEB,weblink THEM the Belfast Blues-Band,, 24 April 2009, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 17 August 2009, Eric Wrixon, still a schoolboy, was the piano player and keyboardist.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 29 November 2012, Eric Wrixon Biography â€“ AOL Music,, 24 April 2009, Morrison played saxophone and harmonica and shared vocals with Billy Harrison. They followed Eric Wrixon's suggestion for a new name, and the Gamblers morphed into Them, their name taken from the Fifties horror movie Them!Rogan (2006), pp. 79–83The band's strong R&B performances at the Maritime attracted attention. Them performed without a routine and Morrison ad libbed, creating his songs live as he performed.Hinton (1997), page 40. While the band did covers, they also played some of Morrison's early songs, such as "Could You Would You", which he had written in Camden Town while touring with the Manhattan Showband.Rogan (2006), page 76 The debut of Morrison's "Gloria" took place on stage here. Sometimes, depending on his mood, the song could last up to twenty minutes. Morrison has said, "Them lived and died on the stage at the Maritime Hotel," believing the band did not manage to capture the spontaneity and energy of their live performances on their records.Turner (1993), page 44. The statement also reflected the instability of the Them line-up, with numerous members passing through the ranks after the definitive Maritime period. Morrison and Henderson remained the only constants, and a less successful version of Them soldiered on after Morrison's departure.Heylin (2003), page 118Dick Rowe of Decca Records became aware of the band's performances, and signed Them to a standard two-year contract. In that period, they released two albums and ten singles, with two more singles released after Morrison departed the band. They had three chart hits, "Baby, Please Don't Go" (1964), "Here Comes the Night" (1965), and "Mystic Eyes" (1965),BOOK,weblink The rough guide to rock â€“ Google Book Search,, 17 April 2009, Buckley, Peter, 978-1-84353-105-0, but it was the B-side of "Baby, Please Don't Go", the garage band classic "Gloria",Turner (1993), pages 48–51 that went on to become a rock standard covered by Patti Smith, the Doors, the Shadows of Knight, Jimi Hendrix and many others.WEB, {{AllMusic, song, t3122630, yes, |website=AllMusic|author=Janovitz, Bill|title=Gloria:Them:song review|accessdate=21 May 2010}}{{listen
|filename = Gloria - Them.ogg|
|title="Gloria"|description=Morrison's garage rock classic was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1999. As described by Paul Williams: "Van Morrison's voice a fierce beacon in the darkness, the lighthouse at the end of the world. Resulting in one of the most perfect rock anthems known to humankind."BOOK, Williams, Paul, Paul Williams (Crawdaddy! creator), Berryhill, Cindy Lee, Rock and Roll: The 100 Best Singles, Hardcover, December 1993, Entwhistle Books, United States, 978-0-934558-41-9, 71–72, Baby Please Don't Go / Gloria â€“ Them (1964),
}}Building on the success of their singles in the United States, and riding on the back of the British Invasion, Them undertook a two-month tour of America in May and June 1966 that included a residency from 30 May to 18 June at the Whisky a Go Go in Los Angeles.Turner (1993), pages 65 – 66. The Doors were the supporting act on the last week,WEB,weblink Lawrence, Paul (2002), The Doors and Them: twin Morrisons of different mothers,, 7 July 2008, and Morrison's influence on the Doors singer, Jim Morrison, was noted by John Densmore in his book Riders On The Storm. Brian Hinton relates how "Jim Morrison learned quickly from his near namesake's stagecraft, his apparent recklessness, his air of subdued menace, the way he would improvise poetry to a rock beat, even his habit of crouching down by the bass drum during instrumental breaks."Hinton (1997), page 67. On the final night, the two Morrisons and the two bands jammed together on "Gloria".WEB,weblink Arnold, Corry, 23 January 2006, The History of the Whisky-A-Go-Go,, 30 June 2008, WEB,weblink Glossary entry for The Doors,weblink" title="">weblink 10 March 2007, from Van Morrison website. Photo of both Morrisons on stage. Access date 26 May 2007.WEB,weblink Doors 1966 – June 1966,, 13 October 2008, Toward the end of the tour the band members became involved in a dispute with their manager, Decca Records' Phil Solomon, over the revenues paid to them; that, coupled with the expiry of their work visas, meant the band returned from America dejected. After two more concerts in Ireland, Them split up. Morrison concentrated on writing some of the songs that would appear on Astral Weeks, while the remnants of the band reformed in 1967 and relocated in America.Turner (1993), pages 72–73.

Start of solo career with Bang Records and "Brown Eyed Girl": 1967

|filename = Van Morrison-Brown Eyed Girl.ogg
|title="Brown Eyed Girl"|description=Morrison's classic 1967 hit single which appeared on the album Blowin' Your Mind!. In 2007, it was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.WEB,weblink Grammy Hall of Fame award,, 18 December 2008, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 22 January 2011,
}}Bert Berns, Them's producer and composer of their 1965 hit, "Here Comes the Night", persuaded Morrison to return to New York to record solo for his new label, Bang Records.Rogan (2006), page 188. Morrison flew over and signed a contract he had not fully studied.Heylin (2003), pages 144-147 Then, during a two-day recording session at A & R Studios starting 28 March 1967, eight songs were recorded, originally intended to be used as four singles.Turner (1993), page 76 Instead, these songs were released as the album Blowin' Your Mind! without Morrison being consulted. He said he only became aware of the album's release when a friend mentioned on a phone call that he had just bought a copy of it. He later commented to Donal Corvin in a 1973 interview: "I wasn't really happy with it. He picked the bands and tunes. I had a different concept of it."Rogan (2006), page 204.However, from these early sessions emerged "Brown Eyed Girl". Captured on the 22nd take on the first day,Heylin (2003), page 152 this song was released as a single in mid-June 1967,Rogan (2006), p.201 reaching number ten in the US charts in 1967. "Brown Eyed Girl" became Morrison's most played song and over the years it has remained a classic; forty years later in 2007, it was the fourth most requested song of DJs in the US.WEB,weblink Most played 2007,, 11 September 2008, Following the death of Berns in 1967, Morrison became involved in a contract dispute with Berns' widow, Ilene Berns, that prevented him from performing on stage or recording in the New York area.Rogan (2006), pages 212–215. The song "Big Time Operators", released in 1993, is thought to allude to his dealings with the New York music business during this time period.Rogan (2006) page 216. He then moved to Boston, Massachusetts, and was soon confronted with personal and financial problems; he had "slipped into a malaise" and had trouble finding concert bookings.Rogan (2006) page 217. He regained his professional footing through the few gigs he could find, and started recording with Warner Bros. Records.Heylin (2003), page 170.Heylin (2003), pages 176–177. The record company managed to buy out his contract with Bang Records via a $20,000 cash transaction that took place in an abandoned warehouse on Ninth Avenue in Manhattan.Walsh (2018), pages 15-19. By recording thirty-one songs in one session, Morrison fulfilled a clause that bound him to submit thirty-six original songs within a year to Web IV Music, Berns' music publishing company. Ilene Berns thought the songs were "nonsense music ... about ringworms" and did not use them.Rogan (2006), pages 212–222.Turner (1993), page 80 The throwaway compositions came to be known as the "revenge" songs.Heylin (2003), page 159 They were officially released on the compilation set The Authorized Bang Collection in 2017.

Astral Weeks: 1968

}}{{listen| pos=right| filename = Van Morrison Astral Weeks.oggdescription= The 1968 title song featuring the opening lines of the album: "If I ventured in the slipstream between the viaducts of your dream". His early voice was described as "flinty and tender, beseeching and plaintive".}}His first album for Warner Bros Records was Astral Weeks (which he had already performed in several clubs around Boston), a mystical song cycle, often considered to be his best work and one of the best albums of all time.NEWS,weblink Is this the best album ever made?, O'Hagan, Sean, 2 November 2008, The Guardian, London, 16 June 2010, WEB, {{AllMusic, album, r13454, yes, |title=Astral Weeks Review|website=AllMusic|author=Ruhlmann, William|accessdate=22 May 2010}}Rogan (2006), page 223. Morrison has said, "When Astral Weeks came out, I was starving, literally."Hinton (1997), page 100. Released in 1968, the album eventually achieved critical acclaim, but it originally received an indifferent response from the public. It was described by AllMusic's William Ruhlmann as hypnotic, meditative, and as possessing a unique musical power. It has been compared to French Impressionism and mystical Celtic poetry.NEWS, Let's record gratitude for Van's monumental talent, Adams, David, 28 February 2008, The Irish Times, WEB,weblink Astral Weeks,, Floman, Scott, 8 October 2010, Hinton (1997), pages 88–89.A 2004 Rolling Stone magazine review begins with the words: "This is music of such enigmatic beauty that thirty-five years after its release, Astral Weeks still defies easy, admiring description."MAGAZINE,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 19 December 2010, (19) Astral Weeks, Rolling Stone (magazine), Rolling Stone, 18 September 2011, Alan Light later described Astral Weeks as "like nothing he had done previously—and really, nothing anyone had done previously. Morrison sings of lost love, death, and nostalgia for childhood in the Celtic soul that would become his signature." It has been placed on many lists of best albums of all time. In the 1995 Mojo list of 100 Best Albums, it was listed as number two and was number nineteen on the Rolling Stone magazine's The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time in 2003.WEB,weblink Mojo: 100 Greatest albums ever made (1995),, 25 May 2010, MAGAZINE,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 2 June 2012, 66Van Morrison, 'Moondance', Rolling Stone (magazine), Rolling Stone, 20 August 2012, In December 2009, it was voted the top Irish album of all time by a poll of leading Irish musicians conducted by Hot Press magazine.WEB,weblink Van's album tops musician's poll, Hotpress, 18 December 2009, 18 December 2009, NEWS,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 19 October 2012, Stellar Van Morrison album tops best album list, McGreevy, Ronan, Irish Times, 19 December 2009, 21 December 2009,

From Moondance to Into the Music: 1970–1979

(File:Van Morrison (1972).png|thumb|right|Morrison in 1972)Morrison's third solo album, Moondance, which was released in 1970, became his first million selling album and reached number twenty-nine on the Billboard charts.Turner (1993), page 95.Turner (1993), page 98.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 23 July 2013,, RIAA-Gold and Platinum, 21 April 2009, The style of Moondance stood in contrast to that of Astral Weeks. Whereas Astral Weeks had a sorrowful and vulnerable tone, Moondance restored a more optimistic and cheerful message to his music,Yorke (1975), page 69. which abandoned the previous record's abstract folk compositions in favor of more formally composed songs and a lively rhythm and blues style he expanded on throughout his career.BOOK, DeCurtis, Anthony, Anthony DeCurtis, Henke, James, George-Warren, Holly, 1992, Evans, Paul, Van Morrison, The Rolling Stone Album Guide, Random House, 0-679-73729-4, 3rd, 487–88, The title track, although not released in the US as a single until 1977, received heavy play in FM radio formats.Rogan (2006), page 250. "Into the Mystic" has also gained a wide following over the years.WEB, {{AllMusic, artist, p107175, yes, |website=AllMusic|title=Van Morrison Biography|author=Ankeny, Jason|accessdate=7 July 2008}}WEB,weblink, 885songslist, 14 May 2009, "Come Running", which reached the American Top 40, rescued Morrison from what seemed then as Hot 100 obscurity.WEB, {{AllMusic, artist, p107175, yes, |website=AllMusic|title=Van Morrison Chart Awards:singles|accessdate=24 September 2008}} Moondance was both well received and favourably reviewed. Lester Bangs and Greil Marcus had a combined full page review in Rolling Stone, saying Morrison now had "the striking imagination of a consciousness that is visionary in the strongest sense of the word."WEB,weblink Marcus, Greil, Bangs, Lester, yes, Moondance:Van Morrison,, 17 March 1970, 29 April 2010, "That was the type of band I dig," Morrison said of the Moondance sessions. "Two horns and a rhythm section – they're the type of bands that I like best." He produced the album himself as he felt like nobody else knew what he wanted.Heylin (2003), page 226. Moondance was listed at number sixty-five on the Rolling Stone magazine's The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. In March 2007, Moondance was listed as number seventy-two on the NARM Rock and Roll Hall of Fame list of the "Definitive 200".WEB,weblink's/2007NARM.html,, 2007 National Association of Recording Merchandisers, 6 May 2010, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 10 February 2010, Over the next few years, he released a succession of albums, starting with a second one in 1970. His Band and the Street Choir had a freer, more relaxed sound than Moondance, but not the perfection, in the opinion of critic Jon Landau, who felt like "a few more numbers with a gravity of 'Street Choir' would have made this album as perfect as anyone could have stood."JOURNAL,weblink Landau, John, His Band and the Street Choir music review, Rolling Stone, 4 February 1971, 23 July 2010,weblink" title="">weblink 12 December 2010, yes, It contained the hit single "Domino", which charted at number nine in the Billboard Hot 100.Collis (1996), page 122.In 1971, he released another well-received album, Tupelo Honey.Rogan (2006), page 259. This album produced the hit single "Wild Night" that was later covered by John Mellencamp. The title song has a notably country-soul feel about itWEB, {{AllMusic, song, t1648130, yes, |title=allmusic Tupelo Honey Review|last=Janovitz|first=Bill|accessdate=6 February 2010}} and the album ended with another country tune, "Moonshine Whiskey". Morrison said he originally intended to make an all country album.Rogan (2006), pages 267–268. The recordings were as live as possible – after rehearsing the songs the musicians would enter the studio and play a whole set in one take.Turner (1993), page 107 His co-producer, Ted Templeman, described this recording process as the "scariest thing I've ever seen. When he's got something together, he wants to put it down right away with no overdubbing."Hinton (1997), page 137.Released in 1972, Saint Dominic's Preview revealed Morrison's break from the more accessible style of his previous three albums and moving back towards the more daring, adventurous, and meditative aspects of Astral Weeks. The combination of two styles of music demonstrated a versatility not previously found in his earlier albums.JOURNAL,weblink Holden, Stephen, Saint Dominic's Preview Music Review, Rolling Stone, 31 August 1972, 23 July 2010,weblink" title="">weblink 28 February 2008, yes, Two songs, "Jackie Wilson Said (I'm in Heaven When You Smile)" and "Redwood Tree", reached the Hot 100 singles chart. The songs "Listen to the Lion" and "Almost Independence Day" are each over ten minutes long and employ the type of poetic imagery not heard since Astral Weeks.Heylin (2003), pages 255–256. It was his highest charting album in the US until his Top Ten debut on Billboard 200 in 2008.WEB, {{AllMusic, artist, p107175, yes, |website=AllMusic|title=Charts & Awards: Van Morrison|accessdate=9 April 2009}}He released his next album Hard Nose the Highway in 1973 receiving mixed, but mostly negative, reviews. The album contained the popular song "Warm Love" but otherwise has been largely dismissed critically.Heylin (2003), pages 265–267. In a 1973 Rolling Stone review, it was described as: "psychologically complex, musically somewhat uneven and lyrically excellent."JOURNAL,weblink Holden, Stephen, Hard Nose the Highway Music Review, Rolling Stone, 27 September 1973, 23 July 2010,weblink" title="">weblink 10 December 2010, yes, During a three-week vacation visit to Ireland in October 1973, Morrison wrote seven of the songs that made up his next album, Veedon Fleece.Turner (1993), page 122. Though it attracted scant initial attention, its critical stature grew markedly over the years—with Veedon Fleece now often considered to be one of Morrison's most impressive and poetic works.Rogan (2006), page 301.WEB, {{AllMusic, album, r13462, yes, |website=AllMusic|title=Veedon Fleece: Review|author1=Ankeny, Jason |author2=Jurek, Thom |lastauthoramp=yes |accessdate=13 May 2009}} In a 2008 Rolling Stone review, Andy Greene writes that when released in late 1974: "it was greeted by a collective shrug by the rock critical establishment" and concludes: "He's released many wonderful albums since, but he's never again hit the majestic heights of this one."JOURNAL,weblink Greene, Andy, Veedon Fleece Music Review, Rolling Stone, 14 July 2008, 23 July 2010,weblink" title="">weblink 10 December 2010, yes, "You Don't Pull No Punches, but You Don't Push the River", one of the album's side closers, exemplifies the long, hypnotic, cryptic Morrison with its references to visionary poet William Blake and to the seemingly Grail-like Veedon Fleece object.Rogan (2006), page 300.Morrison took three years to release a follow-up album. After a decade without taking time off, he said in an interview, he needed to get away from music completely and ceased listening to it for several months.Rogan (2006), page 306. Also suffering from writer's block, he seriously considered leaving the music business for good.Heylin (2003), page 305. Speculation that an extended jam session would be released either under the title Mechanical Bliss, or Naked in the Jungle, or Stiff Upper Lip, came to nothing,Rogan (2006), pages 304–306. and Morrison's next album was A Period of Transition in 1977, a collaboration with Dr. John, who had appeared at The Last Waltz concert with Morrison in 1976. The album received a mild critical reception and marked the beginning of a very prolific period of song making.{{listen
|filename = Van Morrison-Wavelength.ogg
|title="Wavelength"|description=Morrison sings the opening lines in falsetto and synthesisers mimic the sounds of the short wave radio stations that he listened to as a boy.
}}Into the Music: The album's last four songs, "Angelou", "And the Healing Has Begun", and "It's All in the Game/You Know What They're Writing About" are a veritable tour-de-force with Morrison summoning every vocal trick at his disposal from Angelou's climactic shouts to the sexually-charged, half-mumbled monologue in "And the Healing Has Begun" to the barely audible whisper that is the album's final sound.--Scott Thomas ReviewThe following year, Morrison released Wavelength; it became at that time the fastest-selling album of his career and soon went gold.Hinton (1997), page 210. The title track became a modest hit, peaking at number forty-two. Making use of 1970s synthesisers, it mimics the sounds of the shortwave radio stations he listened to in his youth.WEB, {{AllMusic, song, t1621843, yes, |title=Wavelength:song review|author=Janovitz, Bill|website=AllMusic|accessdate=11 September 2008}} The opening track, "Kingdom Hall" – the name given by Jehovah's Witnesses to their places of worship – evoked Morrison's childhood experiences of religion with his mother, and foretold the religious themes that were more evident on his next album, Into the Music.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 7 November 2007, Cocks, Jay, 1 November 1979,, Van Morrison: Into the Music, 29 April 2010, Considered by AllMusic as "the definitive post-classic-era Morrison",WEB, {{AllMusic, album, r13465, yes, | title=Into the Music Review| website=AllMusic| accessdate=21 May 2010| last=Erlewine| first=Stephen Thomas}} Into the Music, was released in the last year of the 1970s. Songs on this album for the first time alluded to the healing power of music, which became an abiding interest of Morrison's.Hage (2009), page 89. "Bright Side of the Road" was a joyful, uplifting song that featured on the soundtrack of the movie, Michael.WEB,weblink Van Morrison at IMDb,, 12 January 2009,

Common One to Avalon Sunset: 1980–1989

With his next album, the new decade found Morrison following his muse into uncharted territory and sometimes merciless reviews.Heylin (2003), page 364.Rogan (2006), page 330. In February 1980, Morrison and a group of musicians travelled to Super Bear, a studio in the French Alps, to record (on the site of a former abbey) what is considered to be the most controversial album in his discography; later "Morrison admitted his original concept was even more esoteric than the final product."Hinton (1997), page 230.Heylin (2003), page 365. The album, Common One, consisted of six songs; the longest, "Summertime in England", lasted fifteen and a half minutes and ended with the words,"Can you feel the silence?". NME magazine's Paul Du Noyer called the album "colossally smug and cosmically dull; an interminable, vacuous and drearily egotistical stab at spirituality: Into the muzak." Greil Marcus, whose previous writings had been favourably inclined towards Morrison, critically remarked: "It's Van acting the part of the 'mystic poet' he thinks he's supposed to be." Morrison insisted the album was never "meant to be a commercial album." Biographer Clinton Heylin concludes: "He would not attempt anything so ambitious again. Henceforth every radical idea would be tempered by some notion of commerciality." Later, critics reassessed the album more favourably with the success of "Summertime in England". Lester Bangs wrote in 1982, "Van was making holy music even though he thought he was, and us rock critics had made our usual mistake of paying too much attention to the lyrics."Morrison's next album, Beautiful Vision, released in 1982, had him returning once again to the music of his Northern Irish roots.Rogan (2006), page 338. Well received by the critics and public, it produced a minor UK hit single, "Cleaning Windows", that referenced one of Morrison's first jobs after leaving school.Rogan (2006), pages 337–338. Several other songs on the album, "Vanlose Stairway", "She Gives Me Religion", and the instrumental, "Scandinavia" show the presence of a new personal muse in his life: a Danish public relations agent, who would share Morrison's spiritual interests and serve as a steadying influence on him throughout most of the 1980s.Heylin (2003), page 371. "Scandinavia", with Morrison on piano,JOURNAL,weblink Fricke, David, Inarticulate Speech of the Heart Music Review, Rolling Stone, 28 April 1983, 23 July 2010,weblink" title="">weblink 10 December 2010, yes, was nominated in the Best Rock Instrumental Performance category for the 25th Annual Grammy Awards.WEB,weblink Rock on the Net: 25th Annual Grammy Awards-1983,, 8 October 2009, Much of the music Morrison released throughout the 1980s continued to focus on the themes of spirituality and faith. His 1983 album, Inarticulate Speech of the Heart was "a move towards creating music for meditation" with synthesisers, uilleann pipes and flute sounds and four of the tracks were instrumentals.Turner (1993), page 153. The titling of the album and the presence of the instrumentals were noted to be indicative of Morrison's long-held belief that "it's not the words one uses but the force of conviction behind those words that matters." During this period of time, Morrison had studied Scientology and gave "Special Thanks" to L. Ron Hubbard on the album's credits.Turner (1993), page 150A Sense of Wonder, Morrison's 1985 album, pulled together the spiritual themes contained in his last four albums, which were defined in a Rolling Stone review as: "rebirth (Into the Music), deep contemplation and meditation (Common One); ecstasy and humility (Beautiful Vision); and blissful, mantra like languor (Inarticulate Speech of the Heart)."JOURNAL,weblink Puterbaugh, Parke, A Sense of Wonder Music Review, Rolling Stone, 9 May 1985, 23 July 2010,weblink" title="">weblink 10 December 2010, yes, The single, "Tore Down a la Rimbaud" was a reference to Rimbaud and an earlier bout of writer's block that Morrison had encountered in 1974.Heylin (2003), page 308. In 1985, Morrison also wrote the musical score for the movie, Lamb starring Liam Neeson.Collis (1996), page 162.Morrison's 1986 release, No Guru, No Method, No Teacher, was said to contain a "genuine holiness ... and musical freshness that needs to be set in context to understand."Hinton (1997), page 255. Critical response was favourable with a Sounds reviewer calling the album "his most intriguingly involved since Astral Weeks" and "Morrison at his most mystical, magical best."Heylin (2003), page 396.Rogan (2006), page 360. It contains the song, "In the Garden" that, according to Morrison, had a "definite meditation process which is a 'form' of transcendental meditation as its basis. It's not TM". He entitled the album as a rebuttal to media attempts to place him in various creeds.Hinton (1997), page 253. In an interview in the Observer he told Anthony Denselow:After releasing the "No Guru" album, Morrison's music appeared less gritty and more adult contemporary with the well-received 1987 album, Poetic Champions Compose, considered to be one of his recording highlights of the 1980s.WEB, {{AllMusic, album, r13472, yes, |author=Erlewine, Stephen Thomas|title=AllMusic review:Poetic Champions Compose|website=AllMusic|accessdate=7 July 2008}} The romantic ballad from this album, "Someone Like You", has been featured subsequently in the soundtracks of several movies, including 1995's French Kiss, and in 2001, both Someone Like You and Bridget Jones's Diary.WEB,weblink Bonin, Liane, 4 April 2001, Song Sung Blue, Entertainment Weekly, 13 July 2008, In 1988, he released Irish Heartbeat, a collection of traditional Irish folk songs recorded with the Irish group the Chieftains, which reached number 18 in the UK album charts. The title song, "Irish Heartbeat", was originally recorded on his 1983 album Inarticulate Speech of the Heart.WEB, {{AllMusic, song, t877617, yes, |title=AllMusic: Irish Heartbeat|website=AllMusic|accessdate=7 July 2008}}The 1989 album, Avalon Sunset, which featured the hit duet with Cliff Richard "Whenever God Shines His Light" and the ballad "Have I Told You Lately" (on which "earthly love transmutes into that for God"(Hinton)),Hinton (1997), page 278. reached 13 on the UK album chart. Although considered to be a deeply spiritual album,WEB, {{AllMusic, album, r13474, yes, |website=AllMusic|title=Avalon Sunset Review|accessdate=14 May 2009}} it also contained "Daring Night", which "deals with full, blazing sex, whatever its churchy organ and gentle lilt suggest"(Hinton).Hinton (1997), page 280. Morrison's familiar themes of "God, woman, his childhood in Belfast and those enchanted moments when time stands still" were prominent in the songs.Turner (1993), page 163. He can be heard calling out the change of tempo at the end of this song, repeating the numbers "1 – 4" to cue the chord changes (the first and fourth chord in the key of the music). He often completed albums in two days, frequently releasing first takes.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 27 September 2004, Aiello, John, 18 July 2002, July 2004 archives Wild Veils,, 3 July 2008, Heylin (2003) pages 429–463.

The Best of Van Morrison to Back on Top: 1990–1999

The early to middle 1990s were commercially successful for Morrison with three albums reaching the top five of the UK charts, sold-out concerts, and a more visible public profile; but this period also marked a decline in the critical reception to his work.Heylin (2003), pages 450–458. The decade began with the release of The Best of Van Morrison; compiled by Morrison himself, the album was focused on his hit singles, and became a multi-platinum success remaining a year and a half on the UK charts. AllMusic determined it to be "far and away the best selling album of his career."WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 17 December 2014, Marsden, Shelley, 12 November 2007, Te's still Got It, The Irish World, 5 April 2012, After Enlightenment which included the hit singles "Real Real Gone" and the title cut in 1990, an ambitious double album "Hymns to the Silence" was released the following year, his only double studio album. Another compilation album, The Best of Van Morrison Volume Two was released in January 1993, followed by Too Long in Exile in June, another top five chart success.WEB,weblink Album artist 49 -Van Morrison,, 21 May 2010, The 1994 live double album A Night in San Francisco received favourable reviews as well as commercial success by reaching number eight on the UK charts.JOURNAL,weblink Puterbaugh, Parke, A Night in San Francisco Music Review, Rolling Stone, 14 July 1994, 23 July 2010,weblink" title="">weblink 10 December 2010, yes, WEB, {{AllMusic, album, r202241, yes, | title=A Night in San Francisco Review| website=AllMusic| accessdate=21 May 2010| last=Ruhlmann| first=William}}WEB,weblink A Night in San Francisco, Entertainment Weekly, 27 May 1994, 21 May 2010, McDonnell, Evelyn, WEB,weblink Official Charts: Van Morrison, Official Charts Company, 9 May 2016, 1995's Days Like This also had large sales – though the critical reviews were not always favourable.Heylin (2003), page 458. This period also saw a number of side projects, including the live jazz performances of 1996's How Long Has This Been Going On, from the same year (Tell Me Something: The Songs of Mose Allison), and 2000's The Skiffle Sessions – Live in Belfast 1998, all of which found Morrison paying tribute to his early musical influences.In 1997, Morrison released The Healing Game. The album received mixed reviews, with the lyrics being described as "tired" and "dull",Rogan (2006), page 450. though critic Greil Marcus praised the musical complexity of the album by saying: "It carries the listener into a musical home so perfect and complete he or she might have forgotten that music could call up such a place, and then populate it with people, acts, wishes, fears."Marcus (2010), page 111. The following year, Morrison finally released some of his previously unissued studio recordings in a two-disc set, The Philosopher's Stone. His next release, 1999's Back on Top, achieved a modest success, being his highest charting album in the US since 1978's Wavelength.WEB, {{AllMusic, artist, p107175, yes, |title=Van Morrison: Billboard albums|website=AllMusic|accessdate=12 September 2008}}


Van Morrison continued to record and tour in the 2000s, often performing two or three times a week.WEB,weblink concerts,, 16 October 2008, He formed his own independent label, Exile Productions Ltd, which enables him to maintain full production control of each album he records, which he then delivers as a finished product to the recording label that he chooses, for marketing and distribution.Collis (1996), page 181.The album Down the Road, released in May 2002, received a good critical reception and proved to be his highest charting album in the US since 1972's Saint Dominic's Preview. It had a nostalgic tone, with its fifteen tracks representing the various musical genres Morrison had previously covered—including R&B, blues, country and folk;WEB, {{AllMusic, album, r589019, yes, |website=AllMusic|title=Down the Road Review|last= Ruhlmann|first= William|accessdate=21 May 2010}} one of the tracks was written as a tribute to his late father George, who had played a pivotal role in nurturing his early musical tastes.Morrison's 2005 album, Magic Time, debuted at number twenty-five on the US Billboard 200 charts upon its May release, some forty years after Morrison first entered the public's eye as the frontman of Them. Rolling Stone listed it as number seventeen on The Top 50 Records of 2005.WEB,weblink, Rolling Stone 2005 Critics, 6 May 2010, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 23 July 2010, Also in July 2005, Morrison was named by Amazon as one of their top twenty-five all-time best-selling artists and inducted into the Hall of Fame.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 12 July 2012, Inducts 25 musicians into Hall of Fame, Bnet, 11 July 2005, 12 October 2008, Later in the year, Morrison also donated a previously unreleased studio track to a charity album, (Hurricane Relief: Come Together Now), which raised money for relief efforts intended for Gulf Coast victims devastated by hurricanes, Katrina and Rita.WEB,weblink Hurricane Relief Come Together Now, AllMusic, Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, 4 April 2011, Morrison composed the song, "Blue and Green", featuring Foggy Lyttle on guitar. This song was released in 2007 on the album, The Best of Van Morrison Volume 3 and also as a single in the UK. Van Morrison was a headline act at the international Celtic music festival, The Hebridean Celtic Festival in Stornoway, Outer Hebrides in the summer of 2005.WEB,weblink 2005 Festival Reviews – FÈIS 2005, MacNeil, Kevin,, 21 May 2010, He released an album with a country music theme, entitled Pay the Devil, on 7 March 2006 and appeared at the Ryman Auditorium where the tickets sold out immediately after they went on sale.WEB,weblink Van Morrison offers country songs, CMT, 8 March 2006, Gilbert, Calvin, 10 December 2009, Pay the Devil debuted at number twenty-six on the Billboard 200 and peaked at number seven on Top Country Albums.NEWS,weblink Rapper Juvenile tops the charts, Boucher, Geoff, 16 March 2006, LA Times, 21 May 2010, WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 15 October 2008, Van Morrison, Norah Jones visit the country top 10, Gilbert,, Calvin, 18 March 2006, CMT, 21 May 2010, Amazon Best of 2006 Editor's Picks in Country listed the country album at number ten in December 2006. Still promoting the country album, Morrison's performance as the headline act on the first night of the Austin City Limits Music Festival on 15 September 2006 was reviewed by Rolling Stone magazine as one of the top ten shows of the 2006 festival.JOURNAL, Rogulewski & Smith, Charley, Dane, 18 September 2006, 10 Best Shows at Austin City Limits, Rolling Stone, In November 2006, a limited edition album, Live at Austin City Limits Festival was issued by Exile Productions, Ltd. A later deluxe CD/DVD release of Pay the Devil, in the summer of 2006 contained tracks from the Ryman performance.WEB,weblink Van Morrison-Pay the Devil,, 6 August 2008, In October 2006, Morrison had released his first commercial DVD, Live at Montreux 1980/1974 with concerts taken from two separate appearances at the Montreux Jazz Festival.A new double CD compilation album The Best of Van Morrison Volume 3 was released in June 2007 containing thirty-one tracks, some of which were previously unreleased. Morrison selected the tracks, which ranged from the 1993 album Too Long in Exile to the song "Stranded" from the 2005 album Magic Time.WEB,weblink Van Morrison's TBOVM Vol. 3 to be released June 19,, 30 January 2008, On 3 September 2007, Morrison's complete catalogue of albums from 1971 through 2002 were made available exclusively at the iTunes Store in Europe and Australia and during the first week of October 2007, the albums became available at the US iTunes Store.WEB,weblink Gallo, Phil, 30 October 2007, Van Morrison finds a fantabulous time to join Itunes,, 1 November 2007, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 2 November 2007, Still on Top – The Greatest Hits, a thirty-seven track double CD compilation album was released on 22 October 2007 in the UK on the Polydor label. On 29 October 2007, the album charted at number two on the Official UK Top 75 Albums—his highest UK charting.WEB,weblink Van Morrison Scores Highest Ever Album Chart Placing,, 11 November 2007, {{dead link|date=September 2016}} The November release in the US and Canada contains twenty-one selected tracks.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 3 November 2007, Van Morrison Still on Top, Music Remedy, 21 May 2010, The hits released on albums with the copyrights owned by Morrison as Exile Productions Ltd. — 1971 and later — had been remastered in 2007.Keep It Simple, Morrison's 33rd studio album of completely new material was released by Exile/Polydor Records on 17 March 2008 in the UK and released by Exile/Lost Highway Records in the US and Canada on 1 April 2008.WEB,weblink Van Morrison to release new album-Keep It Simple,, Foley, Jack, 23 January 2008, It comprised eleven self-penned tracks. Morrison promoted the album with a short US tour including an appearance at the SXSW music conference,WEB,weblink Sterdan, Darryl, 14 March 2008, South by Southwest Music Festival Review,, 9 July 2008,weblink" title="">weblink 29 June 2012, yes, dmy-all, WEB,weblink Davis, John T., 13 March 2008, SXSW Review: Van Morrison,, 8 September 2008, and a UK concert broadcast on BBC Radio 2. In the first week of release Keep It Simple debuted on the Billboard 200 chart at number ten, Morrison's first Top Ten charting in the US.WEB,weblink Hasty, Katie N.Y., 9 April 2008, Strait Speeds Past REM to debut at No. 1, Billboard, 8 September 2008, Morrison released his 34th studio album, (Born to Sing: No Plan B) on 2 October 2012 on Blue Note Records. The album was recorded in Belfast, Morrison's birthplace and hometown.MAGAZINE,weblink Van Morrison Announces New Album, Paste (magazine), Paste, Bort, Ryan, 26 June 2012, 26 June 2012, The first single from this album, "Open the Door (To Your Heart)", was released on 24 August 2012.WEB,weblink iTunes – Music – Open the Door (To Your Heart) – Single by Van Morrison,, 24 August 2012, 16 September 2012, {{dead link|date=September 2016}}A selection of Morrison's lyrics, Lit Up Inside, was published by City Lights Books in the US and Faber & Faber in the UKWEB,weblink Stories, Music, Performance, Faber Social, 28 July 2014, 19 August 2015, the book was released on 2 October 2014 and an evening of words and music commenced at the Lyric Theatre, London on 17 November 2014 to mark its launch. Morrison himself selected his best and most iconic lyrics from a catalog of 50 years of writingWEB,weblink City Lights, Author Bio, Van Morrison,, 28 September 2014, Morrison's 35th studio album, (Duets: Re-working the Catalogue) was released on 24 March 2015 on the RCA Records.MAGAZINE,weblink Van Morrison Duets: Re-working the Catalogue, Rolling Stone, 24 March 2015, 17 May 2015, Morrison's 70th birthday in 2015 was marked by celebrations in his hometown of Belfast, commencing with BBC Radio Ulster presenting programs including "Top 70 Van Tracks" between 26 and 28 August. As the headline act ending the Eastside Arts Festival, Morrison performed two 70th-birthday concerts on Cyprus Avenue on his birthday 31 August. The first of the concerts was broadcast live on BBC Radio Ulster and a 60-minute BBC film of highlights from the concerts, entitled Up On Cyprus Avenue, was first shown on 4 September.JOURNAL,weblink Van Morrson 70th Birthday Celebrations,, 19 August 2015, 20 August 2015, JOURNAL,weblink Van Morrison – Up On Cyprus Avenue,, 17 September 2015, JOURNAL,weblink Ferguson., Amanda, Van Morrson's the main man at 70 as EastSide Arts Festival gets under way, Belfast Telegraph, 18 August 2015, 20 August 2015, JOURNAL,weblink Van Morrison: Thousands attend concerts on Belfast's Cyprus Avenue,, 31 August 2015, 2 September 2015, On 30 September 2016, Morrison released Keep Me Singing, his 36th studio album. "Too Late", the first single, was released on the same day. The songs are twelve originals and one cover and the album represents his first release of originals since Born to Sing: No Plan B in 2012. A short tour of the U.S. followed with six dates in October 2016,JOURNAL,weblink New Van Morrison album 'Keep Me Singing' Due This Fall, The Wall Street Journal, Ayers, Mike, 29 June 2016, 21 July 2016, followed by a short tour of the U.K. with eight dates in October–December 2016, including a London show at The O2 Arena on 30 October. The U.S. tour resumed in January 2017 with five new dates in Las Vegas and Clearwater, Florida.NEWS,weblink Van Morrison announces 2017 U.S. winter tour dates, AXS, 2019-03-19, en-US, Morrison's album, Roll with the Punches, was released on 22 September 2017. That July, he and Universal Music Group were sued by former professional wrestler Billy Two Rivers for using his likeness on its cover and promotional material without his permission. On August 4, Two Rivers' lawyer said the parties had reached a preliminary agreement to settle the matter out of court.WEB, Billy Two Rivers, former pro wrestler, to settle lawsuit against Van Morrison, CBC,weblink August 4, 2017, Morrison released his 38th studio album, Versatile on 1 December 2017. It features covers of nine classic jazz standards and seven original songs including his arrangement of the traditional "Skye Boat Song".NEWS,weblink, 1 September 2017, Van Morrison announces new album 'Versatile', 19 November 2017, Morrison's 39th studio album, You're Driving Me Crazy was released on 27 April 2018 via Sony Legacy Recordings. The album features a collaboration with Joey DeFrancesco on a mixture of blues and jazz classics that include eight Morrison originals from his back catalog.MAGAZINE,weblink Van Morrison Preps New LP 'You're Driving Me Crazy', Ryan, Reed, Ryan, Reed, 7 March 2018, Rolling Stone, 8 December 2018, In October 2018, Morrison announced that his 40th studio album, The Prophet Speaks will be released by Caroline International on 7 December 2018.MAGAZINE,weblink Van Morrison Details New Album 'The Prophet Speaks', Althea, Legaspi, Althea, Legaspi, 2 October 2018, Rolling Stone, 8 December 2018,

Live performances

(File:VanMorrison smiling.jpg|thumb|right|upright|Morrison performing at the Marin Civic Center, 2007.)By 1972, after being a performer for nearly ten years, Morrison began experiencing stage fright when performing for audiences of thousands, as opposed to the hundreds as he had experienced in his early career. He became anxious on stage and had difficulty establishing eye contact with the audience. He once said in an interview about performing on stage, "I dig singing the songs but there are times when it's pretty agonising for me to be out there." After a brief break from music, he started appearing in clubs, regaining his ability to perform live, albeit with smaller audiences.The 1974 live double album, It's Too Late to Stop Now has been noted to be one of the greatest recordings of a live concertNEWS,weblink It's too late to stop now, Aspden, Peter, Financial Times, 20 January 2012, 20 August 2012, MAGAZINE,weblink VAN MORRISON > It's Too Late to Stop Now, Tupelo Honey, Wavelength, Back on Top, A Sense of Wonder, Avalon Sunset, American Songwriter, Horowitz, Hal, 1 May 2008, 20 August 2012, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 22 February 2012, WEB,weblink Van Morrison Biography, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 20 August 2012, and has appeared on lists of greatest live albums of all time.WEB,weblink MOJO Top 50 Live Albums, Muziek, 31 March 2007, WEB,weblink VOX The Greatest live albums ever,, 21 May 2010, WEB,weblink Top 50 Live Albums, Stylus, 31 March 2007, WEB,weblink BBC Review of the remastered CD reissue, BBC, Jones, Chris, 24 January 2008, 21 May 2010, Biographer Johnny Rogan wrote, "Morrison was in the midst of what was arguably his greatest phase as a performer."Rogan (2006), p. 282 Performances on the album were from tapes made during a three-month tour of the US and Europe in 1973 with the backing group the Caledonia Soul Orchestra. Soon after recording the album, Morrison restructured the Caledonia Soul Orchestra into a smaller unit, the Caledonia Soul Express.Heylin (2003), page 284.File:The Last Waltz.jpg|left|thumbnail|Morrison performs in 1976 at the Band's final concert filmed for The Last WaltzThe Last WaltzOn Thanksgiving Day 1976, Morrison performed at the farewell concert for the Band. It was his first live performance in several years, and he considered skipping his appearance until the last minute, even refusing to go on stage when they announced his name. His manager, Harvey Goldsmith, said he "literally kicked him out there."Heylin (2003), page 313.WEB,weblink Summertime in England: A Monologue on Van Morrison, Burnett, Adam R.,, 31 August 2012, 2 September 2012, Morrison was on good terms with the members of the Band as near-neighbours in Woodstock, and they had the shared experience of stage fright. At the concert, he performed two songs. His first was a rendition of the classic Irish song "Too Ra Loo Ra Loo Ral".WEB,weblink Too Ra Loo Ra Loo Ral, The Last Waltz, His second song was "Caravan", from his 1970 album Moondance. Greil Marcus, in attendance at the concert, wrote: "Van Morrison turned the show around ... singing to the rafters and ... burning holes in the floor. It was a triumph, and as the song ended Van began to kick his leg into the air out of sheer exuberance and he kicked his way right offstage like a Rockette. The crowd had given him a fine welcome and they cheered wildly when he left."Rolling Stone: "That Train Don't Stop Here Anymore." Greil Marcus. 30 December 1976 The filmed concert served as the basis for Martin Scorsese's 1978 film, The Last Waltz.WEB,weblink The Last Waltz,, 17 September 2007, During his association with the Band, Morrison acquired the nicknames "Belfast Cowboy" and "Van the Man".NEWS,weblink Singer Van Morrison continues to fascinate, The Republican, 30 October 2009, 18 May 2010, O'Hare, Kevin, On the Band's album Cahoots, as part of the duet "4% Pantomime" that Morrison sings with Richard Manuel (and that he co-wrote with Robbie Robertson), Manuel addresses him, "Oh, Belfast Cowboy". When he leaves the stage after performing "Caravan" on The Last Waltz, Robertson calls out "Van the Man!"On 21 July 1990, Morrison joined many other guests for Roger Waters' massive performance of The Wall – Live in Berlin with an estimated crowd of between three hundred thousand and half a million people and broadcast live on television.WEB,weblink The Wall Live in Berlin,, 7 July 2008,weblink" title="">weblink 21 February 2012, yes, dmy-all, He sang "Comfortably Numb" with Roger Waters, and several members from The Band: Levon Helm, Garth Hudson and Rick Danko. At concert's end, he and the other performers sang "The Tide Is Turning".Morrison performed before an estimated audience of sixty to eighty thousand people when US President Bill Clinton visited Belfast, Northern Ireland on 30 November 1995. His song "Days Like This" had become the official anthem for the Northern Irish peace movement.Rogan (2006), page 437.Van Morrison continued performing concerts in the 2000s throughout the year rather than touring. Playing few of his best-known songs in concert, he has firmly resisted relegation to a nostalgia act.WEB,weblink Van Morrison and Astral Weeks: LA Weekly snags a rare one-on-one interview with the elusive singer,, Foundas, Scott, 5 November 2008, 8 February 2009, MAGAZINE,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 27 September 2007, Van Morrison: The Lion in Winter, Paste Magazine, 14 November 2005, Whitman, Andy, 15 May 2009, During a 2006 interview, he told Paul Sexton:}}{{listen| pos=left| filename = Astral Weeks Live.oggdescription= The 2008 titled song, "Astral Weeks (I Believe I've Transcended)" with the opening lines: "If I ventured in the slipstream between the viaducts of your dream" shows "a deeper, louder roar than the blue-eyed soul voice of his youth – softer on the diction – but none the less impressively powerful."}}On 7 and 8 November 2008, at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, California, Morrison performed the entire Astral Weeks album live for the first time. The Astral Weeks band featured guitarist Jay Berliner, who had played on the album that was released forty years previously in November 1968. Also featured on piano was Roger Kellaway. A live album entitled Astral Weeks Live at the Hollywood Bowl resulted from these two performances.NEWS,weblink Van Morrison discusses Astral Weeks which he performs at the Hollywood Bowl, LA Times, Lewis, Randy, 1 November 2008, 3 November 2008, The new live album on CD was released on 24 February 2009,WEB,weblink Van Morrison revisits 'Astral Weeks', 24 February 2009, The Wall Street Journal, Fusilli, Jim, 24 February 2009, followed by a DVD from the performances.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 21 February 2009,, 18 February 2009, Rosen, Steven, Van Morrison: Astral Weeks Live at the Hollywood Bowl, 24 February 2009, The DVD, (Astral Weeks Live at the Hollywood Bowl: The Concert Film) was released via Amazon Exclusive on 19 May 2009.In February and March 2009, Morrison returned to the US for Astral Weeks Live concerts, interviews and TV appearances with concerts at Madison Square Garden and at the Beacon Theatre in New York City.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 27 July 2011,, Shteamer, Hank, 7 January 2009, Van Morrison brings Astral Weeks to NYC 28 and 29 February, 23 January 2009, WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 16 August 2011,, A.M. Nuggets: Van Morrison Two-fer at Beacon Theater, Playing Astral Weeks in Entirety, Simpson, Matt, 6 February 2009, He was interviewed by Don Imus on his Imus in the Morning radio show and put in guest appearances on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon and Live with Regis and Kelly.WEB,weblink, The Imus-Morrison Love Affair, Part 11, Kanfer, Julie, 26 October 2009, 23 February 2012, WEB,weblink, Z on TV: Fallon stumbles in debut even with DeNiro, Morrison, Zurawick, David, 3 March 2009, 10 April 2009, WEB,weblink, Live with Regis and Kelly:Episode 93, 24 February 2009, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 4 March 2009, Morrison continued with the Astral Weeks performances with two concerts at the Royal Albert Hall in London in AprilNEWS,weblink The Times, Van Morrison at the Royal Albert Hall, Paphides, Pete, 20 April 2009, 25 April 2009, London, NEWS,weblink Brown, Helen, 20 April 2009, The Daily Telegraph, Van Morrison performing Astral Weeks live at the Albert Hall, review, 26 April 2009, London, and then returned to California in May 2009 performing the Astral Weeks songs at the Hearst Greek Theatre in Berkeley, the Orpheum Theatre in Los Angeles, California and appeared on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 7 July 2011,, Van Morrison will bring 'Astral Weeks' shows back to California, 24 March 2009, 24 March 2009, Morrison filmed the concerts at the Orpheum Theatre so they could be viewed by Farrah Fawcett, confined to bed with cancer and thus unable to attend the concerts.WEB,weblink, Morrison films LA show for Fawcett, 25 October 2009, WEB,weblink, Farrah Fawcett gets comfort from fave musician, Malkin, Marc, 14 May 2009, 16 May 2009, In addition to It's Too Late to Stop Now and Astral Weeks Live at the Hollywood Bowl, Morrison has released three other live albums: Live at the Grand Opera House Belfast in 1984; A Night in San Francisco in 1994 that Rolling Stone magazine felt stood out as: "the culmination of a career's worth of soul searching that finds Morrison's eyes turned toward heaven and his feet planted firmly on the ground"; and The Skiffle Sessions – Live in Belfast 1998 recorded with Lonnie Donegan and Chris Barber and released in 2000.File:Moondance.jpg|250px|right|thumbnail|Morrison performs at the Edmonton Folk Music FestivalEdmonton Folk Music FestivalMorrison was scheduled to perform at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 25th anniversary concert on 30 October 2009, but cancelled.WEB,weblink Leonard Cohen and Van Morrison at MSG this weekend but Van will not be back for Rock Hall of Fame,, 30 October 2009, In an interview on 26 October, Morrison told his host, Don Imus, he had planned to play "a couple of songs" with Eric Clapton (who had cancelled on 22 October due to gallstone surgery),WEB,weblink Eric Clapton cancels Rock and Roll Hall of Fame concert,, 30 October 2009,weblink" title="">weblink 10 July 2011, yes, dmy-all, and they would do something else together at "some other stage of the game".WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 5 February 2008, Imus in the morning Season 13 Episode Guidel,, 13 December 2009, Morrison performed for the Edmonton Folk Music Festival in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada on 4 August 2010 as the headline act for the fundraiser and scheduled as second day headliner at the Feis 2011 Festival in London's Finsbury Park on 19 June 2011.NEWS,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 8 July 2012, Edmonton Journal, Sperounes, Sandra, 31 May 2010, Morrison is a go! – Plugged In, 3 June 2010, WEB,weblink Concert Review: Van Morrison, 5 August 2010, Ross, Mike,, 5 August 2010,weblink" title="">weblink 9 July 2012, yes, dmy-all, NEWS,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 28 September 2011, Haringey Independent, Kirk, Tristan, 18 March 2011, Van Morrison to headline second day of London Feis festival, 18 June 2011, Morrison appeared in concert at Odyssey Arena in Belfast on 3 February and at the O2 in Dublin on 4 February 2012. He appeared at the 46th Montreux Jazz Festival as a headliner on 7 July 2012.NEWS,weblink Dylan, Van Morrison headline Montreux jazz fest, Chicago Tribune (Reuters), Nebehay, Stephanie, 19 April 2012, 20 April 2012, {{Dead link|date=August 2019 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}In 2014 Morrison's former high school Orangefield High School, formerly known as Orangefield Boys' Secondary School closed its doors permanently. To mark the school's closure Morrison performed in the school assembly hall for three nights of concerts from 22–24 August. The performance on 22 August was exclusively for former teachers and pupils and the two remaining concerts were for members of the publicWEB, Williamson, Claire,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 14 October 2014, Van Morrison's night of nostalgia in Orangefield,, 23 August 2014, 19 August 2015, The first night of the Nocturne LiveWEB,weblink bookings,, 19 August 2015, concerts at Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, UK on 25 June 2015, featured Morrison and Grammy Award-winning American Jazz vocalist and songwriter Gregory Porter.On 26 October 2018 Morrison performed at the BluesFest 2018 at The O2 Arena in London, where he has performed for several years.{{citation needed|date=October 2018}}


During the 1990s, Morrison developed a close association with two vocal talents at opposite ends of their careers: Georgie Fame (with whom Morrison had already worked occasionally) lent his voice and Hammond organ skills to Morrison's band; and Brian Kennedy's vocals complemented the grizzled voice of Morrison, both in studio and live performances.The 1990s also saw an upsurge in collaborations by Morrison with other artists, a trend continuing into the new millennium. He recorded with Irish folk band the Chieftains on their 1995 album, The Long Black Veil. Morrison's song, "Have I Told You Lately" won a Grammy Award for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals in 1995.WEB,weblink 38th Annual GRAMMY Awards, 15 January 2013,, 23 September 2017, He also produced and was featured on several tracks with blues legend John Lee Hooker on Hooker's 1997 album, Don't Look Back. This album won a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album in 1998 and the title track "Don't Look Back", a duet featuring Morrison and Hooker, also won a Grammy for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals in 1998.WEB,weblink, 40th annual Grammy awards â€“ 1998, 10 April 2009, The project capped a series of Morrison and Hooker collaborations that began in 1971 when they performed a duet on the title track of Hooker's 1972 album Never Get Out of These Blues Alive. On this album, Hooker also recorded a cover of Morrison's "T.B. Sheets".BOOK,weblink Boogie Man: The Adventures of John Lee Hooker in the American Twentieth Century, Macmillan, Murray, Charles, 8 July 2011, 978-0-312-27006-3, 18 March 2002, Morrison additionally collaborated with Tom Jones on his 1999 album Reload, performing a duet on "Sometimes We Cry", and he also sang vocals on a track entitled "The Last Laugh" on Mark Knopfler's 2000 album, Sailing to Philadelphia.WEB,weblink Graham, George D., 25 October 2000, Mark Knopfler:Sailing to Philadelphia,, 4 July 2008, In 2004, Morrison was one of the guests on Ray Charles' album, Genius Loves Company, featuring the two artists performing Morrison's "Crazy Love".In 2000, Morrison recorded a classic country music duet album You Win Again with Linda Gail Lewis. The album received a three star review from AllMusic who called it "a roots effort that never sounds studied".WEB,weblink You Win Again, AllMusic Rovi Corporation, 5 November 2012,



Featuring his characteristic growl—a mix of folk, blues, soul, jazz, gospel, and Ulster Scots Celtic influences—Morrison is widely considered by many rock historians to be one of the most unusual and influential vocalists in the history of rock and roll.MAGAZINE,weblink Paste Magazine, Van Morrison: Between the Heart and the Throat, Fallis, Jeff, 31 August 2015, 25 June 2019, MAGAZINE,weblink Rolling Stone, Duets: Re-Working the Cataloguet, Sheffield, Rob, 24 March 2015, 25 June 2019, WEB,weblink" title="">weblink Van Morrison Biography: Rolling Stone, 22 June 2008, Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock and Roll (Simon and Shulster, 2001), 17 May 2010,weblink WEB, {{AllMusic, artist, p107175, yes, |title=AllMusic: Van Morrison biography|author=Ankeny, Jason|website=AllMusic|accessdate=6 July 2008}}WEB,weblink R&R Hall of Fame:Van Morrison,, 7 July 2008, Critic Greil Marcus has said "no white man sings like Van Morrison."WEB,weblink$1153228.htm,weblink" title="">weblink yes, 1 December 2008, Van Morrison: Still on Top – The Greatest Hits, Meghan, Graham, 7 October 2007,, 17 October 2008, In his 2010 book, Marcus wrote, "As a physical fact, Morrison may have the richest and most expressive voice pop music has produced since Elvis Presley, and with a sense of himself as an artist that Elvis was always denied."Marcus (2010), page 7As Morrison began live performances of the 40-year-old album Astral Weeks in 2008, there were comparisons to his youthful voice of 1968. His early voice was described as "flinty and tender, beseeching and plaintive".NEWS,weblink The Guardian, O'Hagan, Sean, 2 November 2008, Is this the best album ever made?, 2 May 2009, London, Forty years later, the difference in his vocal range and power were noticeable but reviewers and critic's comments were favourable: "Morrison's voice has expanded to fill his frame; a deeper, louder roar than the blue-eyed soul voice of his youth – softer on the diction – but none the less impressively powerful."NEWS,weblink The Daily Telegraph, On Another Astral Plane, McNulty, Bernadette, 29 April 2009, 2 May 2009, London, Morrison also commented on the changes in his approach to singing: "The approach now is to sing from lower down [the diaphragm] so I do not ruin my voice. Before, I sang in the upper area of my throat, which tends to wreck the vocal cords over time. Singing from lower in the belly allows my resonance to carry far. I can stand four feet from a mic and be heard quite resonantly."Neil, Chris, Performing Songwriter, Issue 116, March/April 2009, Pages 44–50

Songwriting and lyrics

Morrison has written hundreds of songsNEWS,weblink TIME, 10 Questions for Van Morrison, 26 February 2009, 6 May 2009, WEB, {{AllMusic, artist, p107175, yes, |website=AllMusic|title=Van Morison songs|accessdate=7 May 2009}} during his career with a recurring theme reflecting a nostalgic yearning for the carefree days of his childhood in Belfast.WEB,weblink 17 February 2009,, Foundas, Scott, The Astral Travels of Van Morrison, 18 February 2009, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 22 February 2009, Some of his song titles derive from familiar locations in his childhood, such as "Cyprus Avenue" (a nearby street), "Orangefield" (the boys school he attended), and "On Hyndford Street" (where he was born). Also frequently present in Morrison's best love songs is a blending of the sacred-profane as evidenced in "Into the Mystic" and "So Quiet in Here".Hinton (1997), page 13.JOURNAL, Rolling Stone, Enlightenment: Van Morrison review, Swenson, John, 15 November 1990, Beginning with his 1979 album, Into the Music and the song "And the Healing Has Begun", a frequent theme of his music and lyrics has been based on his belief in the healing power of music combined with a form of mystic Christianity. This theme has become one of the predominant qualities of his work.Collis (1996), page 149.His lyrics show an influence of the visionary poets William Blake and W. B. YeatsHinton (1997), page 12. and others such as Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth.Turner (1993), page 145 Biographer Brian Hinton believes "like any great poet from Blake to Seamus Heaney he takes words back to their origins in magic ... Indeed, Morrison is returning poetry to its earliest roots – as in Homer or Old English epics like Beowulf or the Psalms or folk song – in all of which words and music combine to form a new reality." Another biographer John Collis believes Morrison's style of jazz singing and repeating phrases preclude his lyrics from being regarded as poetry or as Collis asserts: "he is more likely to repeat a phrase like a mantra, or burst into scat singing. The words may often be prosaic, and so can hardly be poetry."Collis (1996), page 10.Morrison has described his songwriting method by remarking that: "I write from a different place. I do not even know what it is called or if it has a name. It just comes and I sculpt it, but it is also a lot of hard work doing the sculpting."

Performance style

}}Critic Greil Marcus argues that, given the truly distinctive breadth and complexity of Morrison's work, it is almost impossible to cast his work among that of others: "Morrison remains a singer who can be compared to no other in the history of rock & roll, a singer who cannot be pinned down, dismissed, or fitted into anyone's expectations."Marcus (1992), page 447. Or in the words of Jay Cocks: "He extends himself only to express himself. Alone among rock's great figures—and even in that company he is one of the greatest—Morrison is adamantly inward. And unique. Although he freely crosses musical boundaries— R&B, Celtic melodies, jazz, rave-up rock, hymns, down-and-dirty blues—he can unfailingly be found in the same strange place: on his own wavelength."NEWS,weblink Listen to the Lion, TIME, Cocks, Jay, 28 October 1991, 12 January 2009, His spiritually-themed style of music first came into full expression with Astral Weeks in 1968 and he was noted to have remained a "master of his transcendental craft" in 2009 while performing the Astral Weeks songs live.NEWS,weblink HuffPost Reviews:Van Morrison--Astral Weeks Live at the Hollywood Bowl, Rogogna, Mike, 27 January 2009, Huffington Post, 18 November 2011, JOURNAL,weblink Van Morrison: Astral Weeks Live at the Hollywood Bowl, Fricke, David, 4 February 2009, Rolling Stone, 10 November 2011, NEWS,weblink Lewis, Randy, Los Angeles Times, 9 November 2009, Live review: Van Morrison at the Hollywood Bowl, 18 November 2011, NEWS,weblink Van Morrison takes listeners on his spiritual journey, Los Angeles Times, 9 January 2009, Lewis, Randy, 18 November 2011, This musical art form was based on stream of consciousness songwriting and emotional vocalising of lyrics that have no basis in normal structure or symmetry. His live performances are dependent on building dynamics with spontaneity between himself and his band, whom he controls with hand gestures throughout, sometimes signalling impromptu solos from a selected band member. The music and vocals build towards a hypnotic and trance-like state that depends on in-the-moment creativity. Scott Foundas with LA Weekly wrote "he seeks to transcend the apparent boundaries of any given song; to achieve a total freedom of form; to take himself, his band and the audience on a journey whose destination is anything but known."NEWS,weblink Van Morrison Goes Astral on The Tonight Show, 13 May 2009, LA Weekly, Foundas, Scott, 18 December 2009, Greil Marcus wrote an entire book devoted to examining the moments in Morrison's music where he reaches this state of transcendence and explains: "But in his music the same sense of escape from ordinary limits – a reach for, or the achievement of, a kind of violent transcendence – can come from hesitations, repetitions of words or phrases, pauses, the way a musical change by another musician is turned by Morrison as a bandleader or seized on by him as a singer and changed into a sound that becomes an event in and of itself. In these moments, the self is left behind, and the sound, that "yarragh," becomes the active agent: a musical person, with its own mind, its own body."NEWS,weblink Listening to Van Morrison by Greil Marcus, The Guardian, Marcus, Greil, 4 June 2010, 21 August 2012, A book reviewer further described it as "This transcendent moment of music when the song and the singer are one thing not two, neither dependent on the other or separate from the other but melded to the other like one, like breath and life ..."JOURNAL,weblink When That Rough God Goes Riding:Book Review-Greil Marcus, Brennan, Will, 25 April 2010, Muddy Water Magazine, 19 November 2011,weblink" title="">weblink 21 January 2012, yes, dmy-all, Morrison has said he believes in the jazz improvisational technique of never performing a song the same way twice and except for the unique rendition of the Astral Weeks songs live, doesn't perform a concert from a preconceived set list. Morrison has said he prefers to perform at smaller venues or symphony halls noted for their good acoustics.WEB,weblink, Famed artist Van Morrison talks about his musical career, 30 April 2009, Lee, Stefanie, 5 April 2012, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 5 November 2012, His ban against alcoholic beverages, which made entertainment news during 2008, was an attempt to prevent the disruptive and distracting movement of audience members leaving their seats during the performances.MAGAZINE,weblink Morrison bans alcohol at gigs, OK!, 18 September 2008, 25 May 2010,weblink" title="">weblink 22 March 2011, yes, In a 2009 interview, Morrison stated: "I do not consciously aim to take the listener anywhere. If anything, I aim to take myself there in my music. If the listener catches the wavelength of what I am saying or singing, or gets whatever point whatever line means to them, then I guess as a writer I may have done a day's work."NEWS,weblink Van Morrison takes listeners on his spiritual journey, Los Angeles Times, 9 January 2009, Lewis, Randy, 22 January 2009,


The music of Van Morrison has encompassed many genres since his early days as a blues and R&B singer in Belfast. Over the years he has recorded songs from a varying list of genres drawn from many influences and interests. As well as blues and R&B, his compositions and covers have moved between pop music, jazz, rock, folk, country, gospel, Irish folk and traditional, big band, skiffle, rock and roll, new age, classical and sometimes spoken word ("Coney Island") and instrumentals.Hinton (1997), page 15. Morrison defines himself as a soul singer.WEB,weblink, 8 January 2009, Van Morrison's "Astral Weeks Live at the Hollywood Bowl", 29 May 2009, Morrison's music has been described by music journalist Alan Light as "Celtic soul", or what biographer Brian Hinton referred to as a new alchemy called "Caledonian soul." Another biographer, Ritchie Yorke quoted Morrison as believing that he has "the spirit of Caledonia in his soul and his music reflects it."Yorke (1975), page 159. According to Yorke, Morrison claimed to have discovered "a certain quality of soul" when he first visited Scotland (his Belfast ancestors were of Ulster Scots descent) and Morrison has said he believes there is some connection between soul music and Caledonia. Yorke said Morrison "discovered several years after he first began composing music that some of his songs lent themselves to a unique major modal scale (without sevenths) which of course is the same scale as that used by bagpipe players and old Irish and Scottish folk music."


The name "Caledonia" has played a prominent role in Morrison's life and career. Biographer Ritchie Yorke had pointed out already by 1975 that Morrison has referred to Caledonia so many times in his career that he "seems to be obsessed with the word". In his 2009 biography, Erik Hage found "Morrison seemed deeply interested in his paternal Scottish roots during his early career, and later in the ancient countryside of England, hence his repeated use of the term Caledonia (an ancient Roman name for Scotland/northern Britain)".Hage (2009), page 52 As well as being his daughter Shana's middle name, it is the name of his first production company, his studio, his publishing company, two of his backing groups, his parents' record store in Fairfax, California in the 1970s, and he also recorded a cover of the song "Caldonia" (with the name spelled "Caledonia") in 1974.Collis (1996), page134" Morrison used "Caledonia" in what has been called a quintessential Van Morrison moment in the song, "Listen to the Lion" with the lyrics, "And we sail, and we sail, way up to Caledonia".WEB,weblink, Whitman, Andy, Listening to Old Voices: Van Morrison The Lion In Winter, 14 November 2005, 17 January 2009, Morrison used "Caledonia" as a mantra in the live performance of the song, "Astral Weeks" recorded at the two Hollywood Bowl concerts. As late as 2016's Keep Me Singing album, he recorded a self-penned instrumental entitled "Caledonia Swing."


Morrison's influence can readily be heard in the music of a diverse array of major artists and according to The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock and Roll (Simon & Schuster, 2001), "his influence among rock singers/song writers is unrivaled by any living artist outside of that other prickly legend, Bob Dylan. Echoes of Morrison's rugged literateness and his gruff, feverish emotive vocals can be heard in latter day icons ranging from Bruce Springsteen to Elvis Costello". His influence includes U2 (Bono was quoted saying "I am in awe of a musician like Van Morrison. I had to stop listening to Van Morrison records about six months before we made The Unforgettable Fire because I didn't want his very original soul voice to overpower my own.");Bayles, Martha. Hole in Our Soul: Loss of Beauty and Meaning in American Popular Music. New York: Free Press, 1994, p.321. John Mellencamp ("Wild Night");WEB, {{AllMusic, artist, p105068, yes, |title=John Mellencamp Biography|website=AllMusic|author=Erlewine, Stephen Thomas|accessdate=22 May 2010}} Jim Morrison; Joan Armatrading (the only musical influence she will acknowledge);NEWS,weblink The Pop Life, Holden, Stephen, 24 August 1988, New York Times, 27 September 2011, Nick Cave;NEWS,weblink NICK CAVE: THE BLOOD DRAINED FROM THEIR FACES, L.A. Record, Chris Ziegler, 17 September 2008, 15 March 2013, Rod Stewart;NEWS,weblink Have I told you lately that Rod Stewart is coming to Singapore?, The Jakarta Post, Petite, Kathy, 15 February 2009, 22 May 2010, Tom Petty;WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 9 January 2009, Lang, Joe, 29 July 2008, Tom Petty and Steve Winwood,, 8 September 2008, Rickie Lee Jones (recognises both Laura Nyro and Van Morrison as the main influences on her career);NEWS,weblink Rickie Lee Jones: The devil in Miss Jones, Gill, Andy, 16 January 2004, The Independent, London, 22 May 2010, {{dead link|date=September 2016}}WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 24 May 2011, You say it's your birthday: Rickie Lee Jones, 7 November 1997,, 22 May 2010, Elton John;"Elton had clamored to get his new band on Tumbleweed Connection and succeeded with "Amoreena"... He also plays organ on the song and sings the lyrics in a lower voice than in the rest of the album. He later attributed this to Van Morrison's influence." see, Rosenthal, His Song: The Musical Journey of Elton John, pages 25–26. Graham Parker;WEB,weblink The Seger File,, 4 July 2008, Sinéad O'Connor;WEB,weblink No woman, No cry-Hot Press 1995,, 28 September 2008, Phil Lynott of Thin Lizzy;WEB, {{AllMusic, artist, p19057, yes, |title=Phil Lynott Biography|website=AllMusic|author=Prato, Greg|accessdate=8 September 2008}} Bob Seger ("I know Bruce Springsteen was very much affected by Van Morrison, and so was I." from Creem interview) ("I've Been Working");WEB, {{AllMusic, album, r17681, yes, |author=Erlewine, Stephen Thomas|title=Back in '72 AllMusic review|website=AllMusic|accessdate=27 September 2008}} Kevin Rowland of Dexys Midnight Runners ("Jackie Wilson Said");WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 7 October 2008, Dexy's Midnight Runners – Too Rye Ay, Stephen Trousse, Uncut, 29 July 2010, WEB, {{AllMusic, artist, p17004, yes, |title=Dexys Midnight Runners Biography|website=AllMusic|author=Huey, Steve|accessdate=22 May 2010}} Jimi Hendrix ("Gloria");WEB,weblink Music: lyrics Gloria, CMT, 6 August 2008, Jeff Buckley ("The Way Young Lovers Do", "Sweet Thing");WEB,weblink Assisted Listen: TV homage boosts Buckley, NPR, 4 July 2008, Nick Drake;Moon (2008), page 238. and numerous others, including the Counting Crows (their "sha-la-la" sequence in Mr Jones is a tribute to Morrison).WEB,weblink, Van Morrison Biography, 30 April 2010, Morrison's influence reaches into the country music genre, with Hal Ketchum acknowledging, "He (Van Morrison) was a major influence in my life."NEWS,weblink Fink, Jerry, 20 May 2008, Songwriter, singer finds the right mix for his life, Las Vegas Sun, 13 July 2008, Morrison's influence on the younger generation of singer-songwriters is pervasive: including Irish singer Damien Rice, who has been described as on his way to becoming the "natural heir to Van Morrison";NEWS,weblink Perrone, Pierre, 8 October 2007, Damien Rice, Wembley Arena London, The Independent, UK, 17 November 2007, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 13 October 2007, Ray Lamontagne;WEB, {{AllMusic, artist, p96200, yes, |author=Leggett, Steve |title=Ray Lamontagne Biography |website=AllMusic |accessdate=8 December 2008}} James Morrison;WEB,weblink Joseph, Mike, 13 March 2007, James Morrison Undiscovered,, 30 March 2007, WEB,weblink Daniell, Mark, Morrison Tries to Live up to Hype,, 14 April 2007, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 29 June 2012, dmy-all, Paolo Nutini;NEWS,weblink Album: Sunny Side Up Review, The Independent, London, Gill, Andy, 29 May 2009, 22 May 2010, Eric LindellWEB,weblink Spera, Keith, 25 January 2008, Eric Lindell shines on new Low on Cash, Rich in Love,, 3 February 2007,weblink" title="">weblink 28 January 2008, yes, David Gray and Ed SheeranNEWS,weblink Ed Sheeran, Clayton-Lea, Tony, 9 September 2011, The Irish Times, 19 December 2011, are also several of the younger artists influenced by Morrison. Glen Hansard of the Irish rock band the Frames (who lists Van Morrison as being part of his holy trinity with Bob Dylan and Leonard Cohen) commonly covers his songs in concert.NEWS,weblink 15 August 2007, Dylan support slot a dream come true, The Sydney Morning Herald, 22 May 2010, American rock band the Wallflowers have covered "Into the Mystic".WEB,weblink The Wallflowers – Timeline,, 13 July 2008, Canadian blues-rock singer Colin James also covers the song frequently at his concerts.WEB,weblink Colin James makes big return,, McEwen, Kerra, 17 October 2006, 22 May 2010, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 9 July 2012, dmy-all, Actor and musician Robert Pattinson has said Van Morrison was his "influence for doing music in the first place".WEB,weblink, Exclusive interview: Robert Pattinson, Atkin, Hillary, 16 November 2008, 1 December 2008, Morrison has shared the stage with Northern Irish singer-songwriter Duke Special, who admits Morrison has been a big influence.WEB,weblink Greenbelt – Duke Special,, 4 December 2008, Overall, Morrison has typically been supportive of other artists, often willingly sharing the stage with them during his concerts. On the live album, A Night in San Francisco, he had as his special guests, among others, his childhood idols: Jimmy Witherspoon, John Lee Hooker and Junior Wells. Although he often expresses his displeasure (in interviews and songs) with the music industry and the media in general, he has been instrumental in promoting the careers of many other musicians and singers, such as James Hunter,WEB,weblink James Hunter in Concert,, 30 March 2007, and fellow Belfast-born brothers, Brian and Bap Kennedy.WEB,weblink July 2006, Biography-Brian Kennedy,, 30 March 2007, WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 10 March 2008, My cultural life: Bap Kennedy,, 3 August 2009, Morrison has also influenced the other arts: the German painter Johannes Heisig created a series of lithographs illustrating the book In the Garden – for Van Morrison, published by Städtische Galerie Sonneberg, Germany, in 1997.WEB,weblink Catalogue of German National Library, 21 October 2011, yes,weblink 2 July 2017, dmy-all,

Personal life

File:Shana and Van Morrison.jpg|thumb|Morrison and daughter Shana MorrisonShana MorrisonMorrison lived in Belfast from birth until 1964, when he moved to London with Themweblink
and then three years later, he moved to New York after signing with Bang Records. Facing deportation due to visa problems, he managed to stay in the US when his American girlfriend Janet (Planet) Rigsbee, who had a son named Peter from a previous relationship,WEB,weblink Love lost in the myths of time,, 30 January 2000, 30 May 2017, agreed to marry him.Heylin (2003), page 168. Once married, Morrison and his wife moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he found work performing in local clubs. The couple had one daughter in 1970, Shana Morrison, who has become a singer-songwriter. Morrison and his family moved around America, living in Boston; Woodstock, New York; and a hilltop home in Fairfax, California. His wife appeared on the cover of the album Tupelo Honey. They divorced in 1973.Heylin (2003), page 260.Rogan (2006), page 280.
Morrison moved back to the UK in the late 1970s, first settling in London's Notting Hill Gate area.Rogan (2006), page 342. Later, he moved to Bath, where he purchased the Wool Hall studio in January 1994.Rogan (2006), page 400. He also has a home in the Irish seaside village of Dalkey near Dublin, where legal actions against two different neighbours concerning safety and privacy issues have been taken to court in 2001 and in 2010.WEB,weblink Van gets 'no encore' for hardcore in driveway row with neighbours,, 28 September 2014, WEB,weblink Van Morrison loses court battle over extension, RTÉ News, 10 December 2002, 25 May 2010, WEB,weblink Parked plans may be back on agenda for Van,, 28 September 2014, Van Morrison house case opens, Irish Times, 8 June 2010. In the former case, Morrison pursued his action all the way to the Irish Supreme Court.WEB,weblink Text of Irish Supreme Court judgement in the case of Alphonsus O'Mara and Claudia O'Mara v. Van Morrison,, 28 September 2014, In 2001, nine months into a tour with Linda Gail Lewis promoting their collaboration You Win Again, Lewis left, later filing claims against Morrison for unfair dismissal and sexual discrimination. Both claims were later withdrawn, and Morrison's solicitor said, "(Mr Morrison's) pleased that these claims have finally been withdrawn. He accepted a full apology and comprehensive retraction which represents a complete vindication of his stance from the outset. Miss Lewis has given a full and categorical apology and retraction to Mr Morrison." Lewis' legal representative Christine Thompson said both parties had agreed to the terms of the settlement.NEWS, Linda Gail Lewis,weblink UK | Wales | Van Morrison case over, BBC News, 14 January 2003, 4 November 2012, Morrison met Irish socialite Michelle Rocca in the summer of 1992, and they often featured in the Dublin gossip columns, an unusual event for the reclusive Morrison. Rocca also appeared on one of his album covers, Days Like This.Rogan (2006), p.406 The couple married and have two children;NEWS,weblink Singer Van Morrison denies 'unfounded baby' story, BBC News, 31 December 2009, 31 December 2009, a daughter was born in February 2006 and a son in August 2007.WEB,weblink Why Van and Michelle live their hymns to the silence, The Irish Independent, Egan, Barry, 3 January 2010, 4 January 2010, WEB,weblink Duping world's press on reclusive Van's 'baby' is festive child's play, The Irish Independent, 3 January 2010, Quinlan, Ronald, 10 January 2011, According to a statement posted on his website, they were divorced in March, 2018.WEB,weblink Official statement, In December 2009, Morrison's tour manager Gigi Lee gave birth to a son, who she asserted was Morrison's and named after him. Lee announced the birth of the child on Morrison's official website but Morrison denied paternity. Lee's son died in January 2011 from complications of diabetes and Lee died soon after from throat cancer in October 2011.NEWS,weblink Gigi Lee's baby died after slipping into diabetic coma, Irish Independent, 2 January 2012, McKeown, Lesley-Anne, 3 January 2012, His father died in 1998 and his mother Violet died in 2016.John Monoghan, Van Morrison's mother laid to rest following funeral service in east Belfast, The Irish News, June 7, 2016. Retrieved August 29, 2017WEB,weblink Van Morrison performs three of his old songs in moving and nostalgic farewell to his mother Violet, 23 September 2017,, Morrison and his family have been affiliated with St Donard's Parish Church, an Anglican congregation of the Church of Ireland located in east Belfast.WEB,weblink Sunshine Coast Van Fans: The Religious Affiliation of Van Morrison, Kazooboy, 29 June 2011,, 8 December 2018, During the Troubles, the area was described as "militantly Protestant", although Morrison's parents have always been freethinkers with his father openly declaring himself an atheist and his mother being connected to Jehovah's Witnesses at one point.Listening to Van Morrison by Greil Marcu, Introduction p. 1 Van left Northern Ireland before the Troubles started and distanced himself from the conflict, although later "yearned for" Protestant and Catholic reconciliation.The Words and Music of Van Morrison by Erik Hage, p. 6 Van Morrison had been linked to Scientology in the early 1980s and even thanked its founder L. Ron Hubbard in one of his songs. Later, he became wary of religion, saying: "I wouldn't touch it with a 10-foot pole." He also said it is important to distinguish spirituality from religion: "Spirituality is one thing, religion ... can mean anything from soup to nuts, you know? But it generally means an organisation, so I don't really like to use the word, because that's what it really means. It really means this church or that church ... but spirituality is different, because that's the individual."WEB,weblink Van Morrison has religious experience during LA service, 8 December 2018,,


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Recognition and legacy

Morrison has received several major music awards in his career, including two Grammy Awards, with five additional nominations (1982–2004); inductions into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (January 1993), the Songwriters Hall of Fame (June 2003), and the Irish Music Hall of Fame (September 1999); and a Brit Award (February 1994). In addition he has received civil awards: an OBE (June 1996) and an Officier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (1996). He has honorary doctorates from the University of Ulster (1992) and from Queen's University Belfast (July 2001).The Hall of Fame inductions began in 1993 with the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Morrison was the first living inductee not to attend his own ceremony,WEB,weblink, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: Van Morrison, 9 November 2008, Rogan (2006), page 411. – Robbie Robertson from the Band accepted the award on his behalf.Turner (1993), page 177. When Morrison became the initial musician inducted into the Irish Music Hall of Fame, Bob Geldof presented Morrison with the award.NEWS,weblink Van's the man for rock museum, 2 September 1999, BBC News, 4 July 2008, Morrison's third induction was into the Songwriters Hall of Fame for "recognition of his unique position as one of the most important songwriters of the past century". Ray Charles presented the award, following a performance during which the pair performed Morrison's "Crazy Love" from the album, Moondance.NEWS,weblink Songwriting hitmakers donning their laurels, Gunnaike, Lola O., 14 June 2003, The New York Times, 1 July 2008, Morrison's BRIT Award was for his Outstanding Contribution to British Music.WEB,weblink Brit Award Shows-1994,, 13 December 2009, Former Beirut hostage, John McCarthy presented the award; while testifying to the importance of Morrison's song "Wonderful Remark" McCarthy called it "a song ... which was very important to us."Rogan (2006), page 419.Morrison received two civil awards in 1996, firstly the Order of the British Empire for his service to music,Rogan (2006), page 443. secondly an award from the French government which made him an Officier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.WEB,weblink Van and Jordan honoured by France, 1 July 1998, The Irish Independent, 25 January 2009, Along with these state awards he has two honorary degrees in music; an honorary doctorate in literature from the University of Ulster,Rogan (2006), page 409. and an honorary doctorate in music from Queen's University in his hometown of Belfast.NEWS,weblink 3 July 2001, Doctorate for Van the Man, BBC News, 3 July 2008, Other awards include an Ivor Novello Award for Lifetime Achievement in 1995,JOURNAL,weblink Elvis, Presley are top winners at Ivor award, Billboard (magazine), Billboard, 71, 3 June 1995, 13 November 2010, Nielsen Business Media, Inc, the BMI ICON award in October 2004 for Morrison's "enduring influence on generations of music makers",WEB,weblink 22 September 2004, Morrison to be honored as BMI ICON, news, 8 September 2008, and an Oscar Wilde: Honouring Irish Writing in Film award in 2007 for his contribution to over fifty films, presented by Al Pacino, who compared Morrison to Oscar Wilde – both "visionaries who push boundaries".WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 26 July 2007, Van Morrison, Terry George and Bill Monahan honored in LA, US-Irish Alliance, 30 March 2007, He was voted the Best International Male Singer of 2007 at the inaugural International Awards in Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club, London.WEB,weblink Van Morrison receives jazz award,, 9 May 2007, Morrison has also appeared in a number of "Greatest" lists, including the TIME magazine list of The All-Time 100 Albums,NEWS,weblink Tyrangiel, Josh, Light, Alan, yes, 13 November 2006, The All-Time 100 Albums, Time/CNN, 31 March 2007, which contained Astral Weeks and Moondance, and he appeared at number thirteen on the list of WXPN's 885 All Time Greatest Artists.WEB,weblink 885 Countdown: Greatest artists (2006),, 31 October 2010, In 2000, Morrison ranked twenty-fifth on American cable music channel VH1's list of its "100 Greatest Artists of Rock and Roll".WEB,weblink Vh1: 100 greatest artists of Rock & Roll,, 12 September 2008, In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked Van Morrison forty-second on their list of "100 Greatest Artists of All Time".WEB,weblink Rolling Stone: The Immortals: 100 Greatest Artists of All-Time,, 29 April 2010, Paste ranked him twentieth in their list of "100 Greatest Living Songwriters" in 2006.MAGAZINE, 100 Best Living Songwriters, Paste Magazine,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 9 August 2007, 6 July 2007, Q ranked him twenty-second on their list of "100 Greatest Singers" in April 2007WEB,weblink, 100 Greatest Singers, 8 April 2007, and he was voted twenty-fourth on the November 2008 list of Rolling Stone magazine's 100 Greatest Singers of All Time.WEB,weblink Rolling Stone's 100 Greatest Singers of All Time,, 29 April 2010, Three of Morrison's songs appear in The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll: "Brown Eyed Girl", "Madame George" and "Moondance".WEB,weblink The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll,, 31 October 2010, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 4 March 2011, Morrison has been announced as of the 2010 honorees listed in the Hollywood Walk of Fame.WEB,weblink The Hollywood Walk of Fame,, 31 October 2010, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 1 November 2010, In August 2013, it was announced that Morrison would receive the Freedom of Belfast, the highest honour the city can bestow.NEWS,weblink Freedom of Belfast for Van Morrison, McKeown, Lesley-Anne, 22 August 2013, 27 August 2013, The Belfast Telegraph, On 15 November 2013, Morrison became the 79th recipient of the award, presented at the Waterfront Hall for his career achievements. After receiving the award, he performed a free concert for residents who won tickets from a lottery system.WEB,weblink Freedom of Belfast honour for Van Morrison, BBC, 15 November 2013, 23 November 2013, In August 2014, a "Van Morrison Trail" was established in East Belfast by Morrison in partnership with the Connswater Community Greenway. It is a self-guided trail, which over the course of 3.5 kilometers leads to eight places that were important to Morrison and inspirational to his music.WEB,weblink Van Morrison returns to East Belfast to launch his first ever tourist trail,, 25 August 2014, On 2 September 2014, Morrison was presented with the Legend award at the GQ Men of the Year ceremony at Royal Opera House in London.WEB,weblink Men Of The Year Home / MOTY 2014 Legend: Van Morrison, 2 September 2014, Jones, Matt, GQ, 4 September 2014, On 13 October 2014, Morrison received his fifth BMI Million-Air Award for 11 million radio plays of the song Brown Eyed Girl making it one of the Top 10 Songs of all time on US radio and television. Morrison has also received Million-Air awards for Have I Told You LatelyWEB,weblink Sir Tim Rice and Top Songwriters Honored at 2014 BMI London Awards | News,, 13 October 2014, 19 August 2015, The Songwriter's Hall of Fame announced on 8 April 2015 that Morrison would be the 2015 recipient of the Johnny Mercer Award on 18 June 2015 attheir 46th Annual Induction and Awards Dinner in New York City.WEB,weblink Van Morrison to receive prestigious Johnny Mercer Award, 8 April 2015,, 15 May 2015, Morrison was made a Knight Bachelor in the Queen's Birthday Honours List in 2015 for services to the music industry and to tourism in Northern Ireland.WEB,weblink Newly-knighted Van Morrison promises Prince Charles he won't be retiring, The Daily Telegraph, The Telegraph, 4 February 2016, 4 February 2016, Furness, Hannah, WEB,weblink The Queen’s Birthday Honours List 2015 – Higher Awards,, 2015, 17 September 2015, WEB,weblink Van Morrison knighthood leads NI awards in Queen's Birthday Honours list – BBC News,, 2015, 13 June 2015, WEB,weblink Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood,, 2018-07-04, The ceremony was performed by Prince Charles. In 2017, it was announced that the Americana Music Association would honour Van Morrison with the Lifetime Achievement Award for Songwriting at its September Honors & AwardsMAGAZINE, McKenna, Brittney,weblink Van Morrison to Receive Americana Lifetime Achievement Honor, Rolling Stone, 12 May 2017, 30 May 2017, ceremony.Morrison was chosen to be honoured by Michael Dorf at his annual charity concert at Carnegie Hall.WEB, Greenblatt, Jeffrey,weblink The Music of Van Morrison To Be Celebrated at Carnegie Hall With All-Star Concert,, 4 November 2018, 22 March 2019, The Music of Van Morrison was performed on 21 March 2019 by twenty musical acts including Glen Hansard, Patti Smith and Bettye LaVette.MAGAZINE, Bernstein, Jonathan,weblink Van Morrison’s Vast Catalog Shines at All-Star Carnegie Hall Tribute, Rolling Stone, 22 March 2019, 22 March 2019,

See also



  • Collis, John (1996). Inarticulate Speech of the Heart, Little Brown and Company, {{ISBN|0-306-80811-0}}
  • Hage, Erik (2009). The Words and Music of Van Morrison, Praeger Publishers, {{ISBN|978-0-313-35862-3}}
  • Heylin, Clinton (2003). Can You Feel the Silence? Van Morrison: A New Biography, Chicago Review Press, {{ISBN|1-55652-542-7}}
  • Hinton, Brian (1997). Celtic Crossroads: The Art of Van Morrison, Sanctuary, {{ISBN|1-86074-169-X}}
  • Marcus, Greil. 1992. "Van Morrison." In: The Rolling Stone Illustrated History of Rock & Roll. Anthony DeCurtis and James Henke, with Holly George-Warren, eds. (original ed. Jim Miller): pp442–447. New York: Random House, {{ISBN|978-0-679-73728-5}}
  • Marcus, Greil (2010). When That Rough God Goes Riding: Listening to Van Morrison, Public Affairs, {{ISBN|978-1-58648-821-5}}
  • Moon, Tom (2008). 1,000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die, Workman Publishing Company, {{ISBN|978-0-7611-3963-8}}
  • Rogan, Johnny (2006). (Van Morrison: No Surrender), London: Vintage Books {{ISBN|978-0-09-943183-1}}
  • Rosenthal, Elizabeth. (2001) His Song: The Musical Journey of Elton John, Billboard Books, {{ISBN|0-8230-8893-6}}
  • WEB, The Immortals: The First Fifty, Rolling Stone Issue 946,weblink
  • Turner, Steve (1993). (Van Morrison: Too Late to Stop Now), Viking Penguin, {{ISBN|0-670-85147-7}}
  • WEB, Van Morrison, Peter Wolfe. Rolling Stone Issue 946,weblink
  • Walsh, Ryan H. (2018) Astral Weeks: A Secret History of 1968, Penguin Press, {{ISBN|9780735221345}}
  • Yorke, Ritchie (1975). Into The Music, London: Charisma Books, {{ISBN|0-85947-013-X}}

Further reading
  • Brooks, Ken (1999). In Search of Van Morrison, Agenda, {{ISBN|1-899882-95-2}}
  • Buzacott, Martin; Ford, Andrew (2005) Speaking in Tongues: The Songs of Van Morrison, ABC, {{ISBN|0-7333-1297-7}}
  • Dawe, Gerald (2007). My Mother-City, Belfast:Lagan Press – (Includes section on Van Morrison from previous edition, The Rest is History, Newry:Abbey Press, 1998)
  • DeWitt, Howard A. (1983). Van Morrison: The Mystic's Music, Horizon Books, {{ISBN|0-938840-02-9}}
  • Mills, Peter (2010). (Hymns to the Silence (book)|Hymns To The Silence: Inside the Music and Lyrics of Van Morrison), Continuum, {{ISBN|978-0-8264-2976-6}}

External links

{{Sisterlinks|d=272203|commons=category:Van Morrison|wikt=no|b=no|v=no|voy=no|s=no|n=no|species=no|mw=no|m=no}}
  • {{Official website}}
  • {{Curlie|Arts/Music/Bands_and_Artists/M/Morrison%2C_Van/}}
  • {{IMDb name|id=607341|name=Van Morrison}}
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