University of Waterloo

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University of Waterloo
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{{Use dmy dates|date=October 2012}}

| type = Public universityCanadian dollar>$367.895 millionHTTPS://UWATERLOO.CA/FINANCE/SITES/CA.FINANCE/FILES/UPLOADS/FILES/APRIL_30_2017_FINANCIAL_STATEMENTS.PDF >TITLE=UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS DATE=2017-04-30, 2017-12-31, | chancellor = Dominic Barton| president = Feridun HamdullahpurPUBLISHER=UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO, 6 February 2018, ACCESSDATE=2018-05-03, | postgrad = 5,290Waterloo, Ontario>Waterloo| state = Ontario| country = Canada4388024display=inline,title}}Urban area>Urban, {{converthaWORK=CAMPUS MASTER PLAN UPDATE ACCESSDATE=24 JULY 2013, HTTP://PLANTOPERATIONS.UWATERLOO.CA/>TITLE=PLANT OPERATIONS ACCESSDATE= 24 JULY 2013, Scottp=28}}Canadian Interuniversity Sport>CIS, OUA27 varsity teamsstart}}{{cell|gold}}{{cell|black}}{{cell|white}}{{scarf|end}}WEB,weblink University Colours, University of Waterloo, 20 November 2012, Waterloo Warriors>WarriorsPUBLISHER= UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO ARCHIVE-URL= HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20110224093712/HTTP://WWW.VARSITY.UWATERLOO.CA/SPORTS/2010/7/22/KINGWARRIOR.ASPX DEAD-URL=YES, dmy-all, Association of Commonwealth Universities>ACU, Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada, Canadian Association of Research Libraries>CARL, Canadian Bureau for International Education, Canadian Interuniversity Sport>CIS, Council of Ontario Universities, Canadian University Press>CUP, Canadian University Society for Intercollegiate Debate, Fields Institute, International Association of Universities>IAU, U15 (universities), Universities Canada>|}}| logo = University of Waterloo logo.svg| logo_size = 250| faculty = 1,233| footnotes = }}The University of Waterloo (commonly referred to as Waterloo, UW, or UWaterloo) is a public research university with a main campus in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. The main campus is on {{convert|404|ha|0}} of land adjacent to "Uptown" Waterloo and Waterloo Park. The university offers academic programs administered by six faculties and ten faculty-based schools. The university also operates three satellite campuses and four affiliated university colleges.WEB,weblink Satellite campuses and locations, University of Waterloo, 20 March 2018, WEB,weblink About UW, University of Waterloo, 29 January 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 23 January 2012, yes, dmy-all, Waterloo is a member of the U15, a group of research-intensive universities in Canada.WEB,weblink$file/sub198.pdf, U15 Submission to the Expert Review Panel on Research and Development, Review of Federal Support to R&D, 18 February 2011, 29 January 2012, The University of Waterloo is most famous for its cooperative education (co-op) programs, which allow the students to integrate their education with applicable work experiences. The university operates the largest post-secondary co-operative education program in the world, with over 20, 000 undergraduate students in over 140 co-operative education programs.WEB, The world’s largest co-op program,weblink Ontario Universities, Council of Ontario Universities, 3 March 2019, The institution was established on 1 July 1957 as the Waterloo College Associate Faculties, a semi-autonomous entity of Waterloo College, then an affiliate of the University of Western Ontario.WEB, Beaton, B,weblink University of Western Ontario, The Canadian Encyclopedia, 6 April 2012, This entity formally separated from Waterloo College and was incorporated as a university with the passage of the University of Waterloo Act by the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1959.WEB,weblink History of the University of Waterloo, University of Waterloo, 29 January 2012, It was established to fill the need to train engineers and technicians for Canada's growing postwar economy. It grew substantially over the next decade, adding a faculty of arts in 1960, and the College of Optometry of Ontario (now the School of Optometry and Vision Science), which moved from Toronto in 1967.The university is co-educational, and as of 2016 had 30,600 undergraduate and 5,300 postgraduate students. Alumni and former students of the university can be found across Canada and in over 140 countries. Waterloo's varsity teams, known as the Waterloo Warriors, compete in the Ontario University Athletics conference of the U Sports.


WEB, Needles, Ira G., Wanted: 150,000 Engineers and Technicians The Waterloo Plan,weblink Waterloo Digital Library, B.F. Goodrich Canada Ltd., 11 January 2018, en, 27 August 1956, }}The University of Waterloo traces its origins to Waterloo College, the academic outgrowth of Waterloo Lutheran Seminary, which was affiliated with the University of Western Ontario since 1925.{{sfn|Scott|1967|p=23}} When Gerald Hagey assumed the presidency of Waterloo College in 1953, he made it his priority to procure the funds necessary to expand the institution. While the main source of income for higher education in Ontario at the time was the provincial government, the Ontario government made it clear that it would not contribute to denominational colleges and universities.{{sfn|Scott|1967|p=25}}Hagey soon became aware of the steps undertaken by McMaster University to make itself eligible for some provincial funding by establishing Hamilton College as a separate, non-denominational college affiliated with the university.{{sfn|Scott|1967|p=25}} Following that method, Waterloo College established the Waterloo College Associate Faculties on 4 April 1956, as a non-denominational board affiliated with the college.{{sfn|Scott|1967|p=28}} The academic structure of the Associated Faculties was originally focused on co-operative education in the applied sciences—largely built around the proposals of Ira Needles. Needles proposed a different approach towards education, including both studies in the classroom and training in industry that would eventually become the basis of the university's cooperative education program.WEB,weblink Ira G. Needles, Waterloo Public Library, 5 May 2015, {{Dead link|date=July 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }} While the plan was initially opposed by the Engineering Institute of Canada and other Canadian universities, notably the University of Western Ontario, the Associated Faculties admitted its first students in July 1957.{{sfn|Scott|1967|p=40}} On 25 January 1958, the Associated Faculties announced the purchase of over {{convert|74|ha}} of land west of Waterloo College. By the end of the same year, the Associated Faculties opened its first building on the site, the Chemical Engineering Building.{{sfn|Scott|1967|p=43}}In 1959, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario passed an act which formally split the Associated Faculties from Waterloo College, and re-established it as the University of Waterloo.BOOK, Recollections Of Waterloo College, Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2004, 107, Roy, Flora, 0-88920-473-X, The governance was modelled on the University of Toronto Act of 1906, which established a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate, responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to act as the institution's chief executive officer and act as a liaison between the two groups.WEB, P. Anisef And J. Lennards,weblink University,, 3 March 2011, (File:UWaterloo - Douglas Wright Engineering Building.JPG|right|thumb|Constructed in 1958, the Douglas Wright Engineering Building is the oldest building erected for use by the university.)The legislative act was the result of a great deal of negotiation between Waterloo College, Waterloo College Associated Faculties, and St. Jerome's College, another denominational college in the City of Waterloo. While the agreements sought to safeguard the existence of the two denominational colleges, they also aimed at federating them with the newly established University of Waterloo.{{sfn|Scott|1967|p=44}} Due to disagreements with Waterloo College, the College was not formally federated with the new university. The dispute centred on a controversially worded section of the University of Waterloo Act, 1959, in which the College interpreted certain sections as a guarantee that it would become the Faculty of Art for the new university. This was something that the Associated Faculties was not prepared to accept.{{sfn|Scott|1967|p=46}} As a result of the controversy, Waterloo College's entire Department of Mathematics broke away from the College to join the newly established University of Waterloo, later joined by professors from the Economic, German, Modern Languages, and Russian departments.{{sfn|Scott|1967|p=47}} Despite this controversy, until 1960 Hagey hoped that a last-minute compromise between Waterloo College and the university could be achieved. Ultimately, however, the university created its own Faculty of Arts in 1960.{{sfn|Scott|1967|p=107}} It later established the first Faculty of Mathematics in North America on 1 January 1967.{{sfn|Scott|1967|p=125}} In 1967, the world's first department of kinesiology was created.WEB,weblink Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 3 January 2014, The present legislative act which defines how the university should be governed, the University of Waterloo Act, 1972 was passed on 10 May 1972.WEB,weblink 1972 The Act and the moratorium, University of Waterloo, Redmond, Chris, Troll, Simon, 1998, Water Under the Bridge: An unofficial history of the University of Waterloo, 18 October 2014, A coat of arms has been in use by the university since 1961. The coat of arms was officially registered with the Lord Lyon King of Arms in 1987 and with the Canadian Heraldic Authority in 2001.WEB,weblink University Colours, Arms & Motto, Mace, University of Waterloo, 5 July 2012, WEB,weblink University of Waterloo [Civil Institution], General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor,, EN, 2017-10-11, In February 1995, the former president of the university, James Downey, signed the Tri-University Group (TUG) agreement between Wilfrid Laurier University, and the University of Guelph. Signed in a period of fiscal constraint, and when ageing library systems required replacing, the TUG agreement sought to integrate the library collections and services of the three universities.WEB,weblink How TUG began, 14 December 2014, TriUniversity Group of Libraries,

Twenty-first century

In 2001, the university announced that it would develop the Waterloo Research and Technology Park in the north campus. The park was planned to house many of the high-tech industries in the area, and is supported by the university, the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, the provincial and federal governments, and Canada's Technology Triangle.WEB,weblink David Johnston Research + Technology Park, University of Waterloo, 29 June 2013, The aim was to provide businesses with access to the university's faculty, co-operative education students, and alumni, as well as the university's infrastructure and resources.WEB,weblink Features, 29 June 2013, University of Waterloo, Groundbreaking was on 25 June 2002, with the first completed building, the Sybase campus building, opening on 26 November 2004.WEB,weblink Timeline, 29 June 2013, University of Waterloo, In 2010, the Waterloo Research and Tech Park was renamed as the David Johnston Research and Technology Park, after David Johnston, the 28th Governor General of Canada and former president of the university.WEB,weblink Waterloo Research and Tech Park renamed, 5 June 2011, 29 June 2013, 570News, Rogers Media, From 2009 to 2012, the university managed four undergraduate programs in Dubai.WEB,weblink University of Waterloo closing its Dubai campus, The Record, Metroland Media Group, Monteiro, Liz, 8 November 2012, 20 November 2012, The university worked in partnership with the Higher Colleges of Technology, the largest post-secondary institution in the United Arab Emirates. Discussions regarding the partnership emerged in 2004, and the Dubai campus was officially opened in September 2009.WEB,weblink First UAE students start classes at University of Waterloo campus, University of Waterloo, 25 January 2014, Through the partnership, the university offered undergraduate degrees in chemical engineering, civil engineering, financial analysis and risk management, and information technology management.WEB,weblink Programs of study – United Arab Emirates, University of Waterloo, 12 July 2012,weblink 5 July 2012, The programs offered in Dubai took place in facilities provided by the Higher Colleges of Technology.WEB,weblink Residence – United Arab Emirates, University of Waterloo, 12 July 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 11 July 2012, On 30 October 2012, the university's Board of Governors decided to close the university's extension in Dubai.


(File:UWaterlooLandPlaque.jpg|thumb|Land acknowledgement plaque outside of the Student Life Centre)The university's main campus lies within the city of Waterloo, Ontario. It sits on the traditional territory of the Neutral, Anishnaabeg, and Haudenosaunee peoples that is part of the Haldimand Tract, land promised to the Six Nations that includes six miles on each side of the Grand River.NEWS, D’Amato, Luisa, ‘A great first step for the university:’ UW students declare they are on territory of indigenous people,weblink 30 September 2018,, 2 July 2017, en-CA, It is bordered by Waterloo Park to the south, Wilfrid Laurier University to the southeast, residential neighbourhoods to the northeast, east and west, and the Laurel Creek Conservation Area to the northwest. Three numbered roads also intersect the main campus: University Avenue West, Columbia Street West, and Westmount Road North.WEB,weblink Campus Map, University of Waterloo, 7 July 2012, While the main campus is {{convert|404|ha|0}}, the majority of the teaching facilities are centred on a ring road in its southern portion. In addition, the university owns several other properties in Cambridge, Huntsville, Kitchener, and Stratford, Ontario.The buildings vary in age. The oldest is Graduate House, originally a farmhouse dating back to the 19th century. The oldest building which was erected for the university is the Douglas Wright Engineering Building, which was erected in 1958.WEB,weblink University of Waterloo overview, University of Waterloo, 14 August 2012,weblink 5 December 2013, yes, dmy-all, A large majority of the university's buildings, and its ring road, were constructed during the 1960s. The university's main campus is divided into three major areas: South Campus, North Campus and Northwest Campus. South Campus is the academic core of the university, while North Campus holds the Research and Technology Park. Northwest Campus is the least developed area of the main campus, made up primarily of farm fields and an environmental reserve, which divides it from North Campus.

Libraries and museums

(File:Dana Porter Arts Library in 2009.jpg|thumb|right|The Dana Porter Library holds the university's main collection for humanities and social sciences.|alt=The Dana Porter Library at the University of Waterloo.)The university has four libraries housing more than 1.4 million books, as well as electronic resources including e-books, serial titles, and databases.WEB,weblink D1 – Library Collections, University of Waterloo, 6 July 2012, Three of the libraries are on campus: the Dana Porter Library, housing material relating to arts, humanities and social science, the Davis Centre Library, housing material for engineering, mathematics and science, and the Witer Learning Resource Centre, housing material for the School of Optometry and Vision Science. The fourth library, the Musagetes Architecture Library, is in Cambridge, alongside the university's School of Architecture. The libraries of the university's affiliated colleges are also considered a part of the university's library system.WEB,weblink Locations, University of Waterloo, 6 July 2012, The university's library system is also a member of the TriUniversity Group, a partnership between the University of Guelph, University of Waterloo and Wilfrid Laurier University. The group provides students and researchers at all three universities with access to all of the collections and services.WEB,weblink About Us, University of Waterloo, 6 July 2012, The group also operates the TUG Annex, a repository for less-used library resources from the three universities.University of Waterloo also operates the Earth Sciences Museum, on campus in the Centre for Environmental Information Technology.WEB,weblink About the Earth Sciences museum, University of Waterloo, 24 January 2014, It is mainly used as an earth-science teaching museum for local schools and natural-science interest groups in southern Ontario. The main exhibits cover the Great Lakes, rocks and minerals, dinosaurs and ice age mammals. The museum's dinosaur exhibit includes a complete cast of an Albertosaurus.WEB,weblink Museum exhibits, University of Waterloo, 5 January 2014, The museum also houses an interactive, simulation mining tunnel which aims to teach sustainable mining practices.WEB,weblink Cobalt Discovery Mine Tunnel Grand Opening, University of Waterloo, 5 January 2014, 27 October 2012, Also owned and operated by the university is the Museum of Vision Science, which is at the university's School of Optometry building. The university had previously operated the Elliott Avedon Museum and Archive of Games, created by the Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies and previously managed by the university's Faculty of Applied Health Sciences. Due to a lack of specific academic interest, in 2009, the decision was made to close the museum and transfer the collection elsewhere.WEB,weblink About the Museum, University of Waterloo, 28 July 2010, 24 January 2014, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 1 December 2009, dmy-all,

Housing and student facilities

The university has eight student residences: the Minota Hagey Residence, UW Place, Ron Eydt Village, Village 1, Mackenzie King Village, Columbia Lake North and South, and Claudette Millar Hall. In addition to the eight main campus residences, students may also to apply to live at any of the university's affiliated college residences. The largest residential village at the university is UW Place, which houses 1,300 first-year students and 350 upper-year students, while the smallest residence is the Minota Hagey Residence, which houses 70 students and is almost exclusively for upper-year students.WEB,weblink UW Place, University of Waterloo, 9 July 2012, WEB,weblink VeloCity – Minota Hagey, University of Waterloo, 9 July 2012, In September 2010, 24.9 percent of the undergraduate population lived on campus, including 71.1 percent of first-year students.WEB,weblink E2 – Percentage of Full-Time Undergraduate Students Who Live on Campus, University of Waterloo, 9 July 2012, Residents are represented by two residential councils at the university, South Council which represents the students at UW Place, and North Council which represents the remaining residential villages. Each council organizes their own events and has their own executive, budget, and meetings.WEB,weblink Council structure, University of Waterloo, 9 July 2012, However, the overall mission of both councils is to act as the official representatives for all residents living at the university's residences.WEB,weblink Residence Council, University of Waterloo, 9 July 2012, (File:Mackenzie King Village.jpg|thumb|left|The Mackenzie King Village residence, constructed in 2002, is a recent addition to the university.)The Student Life Centre is the centre of student governance and student directed social, cultural, entertainment and recreational activities, open seven days a week, year-round. The Student Life Centre contains the offices of a number of student organizations, including the Federation of Students, Student Housing Office, a number of retail and food services, and a variety of club space and study rooms.WEB,weblink Inside the Student Life Centre (SLC), University of Waterloo, 9 July 2012, In 2017 ground broke on a joint 63,000 square foot expansion of the Student Life Centre and Physical Activities Complex. Built to the west of Burt Matthews Hall Green the expansion will connect all three floors with the Red North corner of the PAC providing social, fitness, study, multi-faith, dining, and bookable spaces for students. The project is projected to complete in Fall 2018.NEWS,weblink SLC/PAC Expansion Project {{!, Associate Provost, Students|date=2015-12-14|work=Associate Provost, Students|access-date=2017-10-11|language=en}}The Federation of Students also operates an information desk in the Student Life Centre called the Turnkey Desk. It is open 24/7 365, and it is where students go to book out study spaces within the SLC, as well as where they go for information on campus events, directions, and any questions students have. The Turnkey Desk also sells a variety of tickets including GO Transit tickets, Greyhound tickets, and various local transit tickets and movie theatre tickets. It is staffed almost entirely by university students or recent graduates, and is a salaried job on the campus.The idea for a student centre emerged during the 1960s, and to raise the necessary funds for the building students began to levy a $10 fee. Construction began in July 1966 and was completed in 1968. Tensions between the university and the student community surfaced over the management and ownership of the Student Life Centre. The conflict was not resolved until 1969, when Professor Johnson resigned his position as chairman of the Campus Centre Board, along with his colleague Pim Fitzgerald.WEB,weblink A history of the Student Life Centre, University of Waterloo, 9 July 2012,

Off-campus facilities

The university has three satellite campuses, and a number of other facilities throughout Southern Ontario. The closest off-campus facilities are adjacent to the campus, with the university acquiring land and five buildings from BlackBerry Ltd on December 2013.NEWS,weblink BlackBerry stock rises 16% despite $4.4B loss, CBC News, 20 December 2013, 2013-12-20, The university expects to use three of the buildings starting in February 2014, and will lease the other two to BlackBerry Ltd.NEWS,weblink University of Waterloo buys BlackBerry buildings, land for $41 million, Toronto Star, 20 December 2013, 2013-12-20, The Centre for Extended Learning is a facility owned and managed by the university and is in Kitchener, Ontario.WEB,weblink Satellite campuses and locations, University of Waterloo, 12 July 2012, It provides pre-university courses, part-time studies, online learning and professional development courses.WEB,weblink Centre for Extended Learning, University of Waterloo, 12 July 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 18 July 2012, yes, dmy-all, Another facility which is owned and managed by the university is the Waterloo Summit Centre for the Environment, in Huntsville, Ontario. It is a year-round research and teaching centre, which regularly hosts post-secondary student field courses and professional development programs, and also serves as a university outreach facility for the whole region.WEB,weblink About the Waterloo Summit Centre, University of Waterloo, 25 January 2014, 25 January 2014,weblink 3 February 2014, yes, dmy-all, WEB,weblink Student field courses, University of Waterloo, 25 January 2014,weblink 3 February 2014, yes, dmy-all, Close to Algonquin and Arrowhead Provincial Park, the centre's facilities are used for research in ecological restoration and conservation. It also hosts an ecological research facility, including a wet laboratory.WEB,weblink Research facilities, 25 January 2014, University of Waterloo,weblink 3 February 2014, yes, dmy-all, (File:UW School of Architecture 1.jpg|thumb|left|The School of Architecture is located in Cambridge, Ontario, next to the Grand River.|alt=The School of Architecture campus in the background by the Grand River in Cambridge, Ontario.)The university's School of Architecture uses a campus in Cambridge, Ontario, on the west bank of the Grand River.WEB,weblink About Us – Waterloo Architecture, University of Waterloo, 12 July 2012, The architecture campus was the idea of the Cambridge Consortium, a group of Cambridge business owners, who spearheaded the school's fundraising drive to cover a portion of the $27 million cost{{clarify|Canadian dollars or U.S. dollars?|date=March 2014}} of creating the new campus. The school, along with its faculty and students, was moved to the new campus in September 2004. Since 1979, the School of Architecture also operated an architecture studio in Rome, Italy in the Trastevere neighbourhood. The opportunity to work at the Trastevere studio is offered to fourth-year architecture students.WEB,weblink Rome, University of Waterloo, 25 January 2014, Another satellite campus of the university is the Health Sciences Campus in Kitchener, Ontario, which houses the School of Pharmacy. The pharmacy building was designed by Siamak Hariri, and was completed in December 2008.WEB,weblink The Pharmacy building, University of Waterloo, 12 July 2012, While the School of Pharmacy acts as the anchor institution of this campus, other students and faculty of the university's Faculty of Applied Health Sciences also use the facilities.WEB,weblink Campuses, University of Waterloo, 12 July 2012, The campus includes a primary care teaching clinic which will integrate clinical care and teaching in pharmacy and optometry. Two other universities also make use of the Health Science and Pharmacy campus. McMaster University's medical school makes use of the campus as its base for its Waterloo Regional Campus, with 56 of the medical school's students admitted at the regional campus in 2012. Wilfrid Laurier University's School of Social Work also uses some of the facilities available on the campus.WEB,weblink Waterloo Regional Campus, McMaster University, 2012, 12 July 2012, The university's third satellite campus, the Stratford Campus, is in Stratford, Ontario. The focus for the Stratford campus is on education in digital arts and media. The idea for the Stratford campus first took shape when the City of Stratford and the university signed a memorandum in October 2006. It officially opened in September 2010.WEB,weblink U of Waterloo showcases new Stratford campus, Beacon Herald, Stratford Beacon Herald, 22 September 2010, Beitz, Mike, 25 January 2014, In November 2009, the university also signed a memorandum of understanding with the University of Western Ontario regarding academic initiatives at the Stratford Campus.WEB,weblink Waterloo and Western will explore digital media collaboration in Stratford, Western News, University of Western Ontario, 6 November 2009, 12 July 2012, The campus also hosted the first four Canada 3.0 forums, before its move to Toronto in 2012.WEB,weblink Stratford loses Canada 3.0, London Free Press, Canoe Sun Media, Beitz, Mike, 5 July 2012, 12 July 2012, File:University of Waterloo Environmental Building 3 Exterior.jpg|thumb|Environment 3, which houses the university's School of Environment, Enterprise and Development, was the first (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design|LEED]]-certified building on an Ontario campus.WEB,weblink Environment 3 LEED® Platinum Certified, 8 January 2014, University of Waterloo,weblink 9 January 2014, yes, dmy-all, )


Sustainability initiatives are divided between several departmental offices at the university, with the university's plant operations charged with their implementation.WEB,weblink Green it up On-campus initiatives, University of Waterloo, 14 August 2012, Prior to 2005, the management of sustainability efforts was conducted by the university's waste management coordinator.WEB,weblink Office of Sustainability Initiative Underway, The Iron Warrior, 14 August 2012, 26 September 2007, Fortmueller, Chris,weblink" title="">weblink 16 December 2011, yes, dmy-all, The university's sustainability initiatives are solely institution-specific, as it has not signed any national or international sustainability declaration.JOURNAL, Wright, Tarah S. A., Definitions and Frameworks for Environmental Sustainability in Higher Education, Higher Education Policy, 15, 2, 2 April 2002, 105–120, However, the university, along with the other members from the Council of Ontario Universities, signed a pledge in 2009 known as Ontario Universities Committed to a Greener World, with the objective of transforming its campus into a model of environmental responsibility.WEB,weblink Ontario Universities Committed to a Greener World, Council of Ontario Universities, November 2009, 14 August 2012, The university's School of Environment, Enterprise and Development placed first in Canada in the Corporate Knights 2011 ranking for undergraduate business programs incorporating sustainability.WEB,weblink Corporate Knights releases its 2011 Business Knight Schools Survey, Corporate Knights, Corporate Knights Inc., 26 September 2011, 22 May 2012, The university campus received a C+ grade from the Sustainable Endowments Institute on its College Sustainability Report Card for 2011.WEB,weblink University of Waterloo – Green Report Card 2011, Sustainable Endowments Institute, 2011, 14 March 2012,


The university operates under a bicameral system consisting of a board of governors and a senate, as legislated by the University of Waterloo Act, 1972.WEB,weblink Governance, University of Waterloo, 2 August 2012, The Board of Governors has responsibility for the university's properties, affairs, and income.WEB,weblink Powers of the Board of Governors, University of Waterloo Act, 1972, University of Waterloo, 2 August 2012, The University of Waterloo Act calls for only 36 members, each of whom must hold Canadian citizenship. However, the number of members in the board for the 2013–2014 academic year is 40.WEB,weblink Board of Governors, 1 May 2013 – 30 April 2014, University of Waterloo, 17 March 2012, WEB,weblink Composition of Board of Governors, University of Waterloo Act, 1972, University of Waterloo, 2 August 2012, The Board has five ex officio members, including the university's chancellor and president, and the mayors of Kitchener and Waterloo. The other 32 members of the board are either elected or appointed by the various members of the university community, including alumni, faculty, and student body.The senate is responsible for establishing the educational policies of the university, as well as making recommendations to the board of governors in the management of the institution.WEB,weblink Powers of the Senate, University of Waterloo Act, 1972, University of Waterloo, 2 August 2012, The senate has 24 ex officio positions including the president and chancellor of the university, the vice-presidents, the senior dean of each faculty, the presidents of the undergraduate, graduate, and faculty associations, and the presidents and principals of the university's associated colleges. The senate's 61 other members are appointed or elected by various communities of the university including the faculty of the university, its associated colleges, the student body, and alumni.WEB,weblink Senate – membership, University of Waterloo, 5 January 2014, The president, appointed by the board of governors, acts as the chief executive officer of the university with the approval of the senate, is responsible for administering the affairs of the university, and acts on behalf of the board with respect to the operational management and control of the university. The president is the chair of the senate and a member of the board.WEB,weblink About the Office of the President, University of Waterloo, 2 August 2012, The president also holds the position of vice-chancellor, assuming the duties of the chancellor during his absences or a temporary vacancy in the office.WEB,weblink Chancellor, University of Waterloo Act, 1972, University of Waterloo, 2 August 2012, The chancellor is elected by the members of the senate for a term of three years, although eligible for renewal. The primary duty of the chancellor is to preside at all convocations and present candidates for honorary degrees to the senate. The office of the chancellor has been held by Tom Jenkins since 1 May 2015.WEB,weblink University of Waterloo names Canadian business leader, Tom Jenkins, as 10th chancellor, 15 September 2014, 18 September 2014, Manning, Nick, University of Waterloo, He succeeded Prem Watsa, who held the position from 2009 to 2015.WEB,weblink Prem Watsa: Meet the man behind the RIM shakeup, 23 January 2012, 2 August 2012, Taylor, Lesley Ciarula, The Toronto Star, The next chancellor to succeed Prem Watsa is Tom Jenkins, who begins his term 1 May 2015 In March 2011, Feridun Hamdullahpur was announced as the sixth president of the university, having been interim president since October 2010.WEB,weblink Hamdullahpur named University of Waterloo president, The Record, Metroland Media Group Ltd., 11 March 2011, 2 August 2012, D'Amato, Luisa, Pender, Terry,

Affiliated institutions

File:Stpaulsunitedcollege.jpg|thumb|St. Paul's University CollegeSt. Paul's University CollegeThe university also includes three semi-autonomous affiliated colleges and a federated university. Conrad Grebel University College is a Mennonite university college that was chartered in 1961 and is religiously affiliated with the Mennonite Church Eastern Canada.WEB,weblink Relationship with Waterloo – Conrad Grebel University College, 5 January 2014, University of Waterloo, {{Dead link|date=July 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }} Renison University College is an Anglican university college chartered in 1959; it entered an affiliation with the University of Waterloo in 1960WEB,weblink History of Renison, Renison University College, 16 August 2012, and is religiously affiliated with the Anglican Church of Canada.WEB,weblink First year student information, Renison University College, 16 August 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 5 August 2012, yes, dmy-all, St. Jerome's University is a Roman Catholic university, founded in 1865, which entered into a federation with the University of Waterloo shortly after the provincial government granted it university status in 1959.WEB,weblink Relation with University of Waterloo, St. Jerome's University, 29 July 2013,weblink" title="">weblink 1 March 2013, yes, dmy-all, St. Paul's University College is a university college founded by members of the United Church of Canada in 1962. However, St. Paul's now operates independently from the United Church, without any formal or legal relationship.WEB,weblink About St. Paul's University College, St. Paul's University College, 16 August 2012, The three colleges and federated university are all within the University of Waterloo's main campus and operate their own residences.WEB,weblink Frequently Asked Questions – Renison University College, University of Waterloo, 5 January 2014,weblink 6 January 2014, yes, dmy-all, Students of these affiliated colleges and federated university are also academically integrated with the University of Waterloo. Students who study at any of them are also considered registered students of the University of Waterloo. In addition to the classes offered at these colleges, federated university students also have the option to enrol in classes, apply to any of the faculties, and graduate as a student from the University of Waterloo. Regardless of the affiliated colleges and federated university's religious affiliations, enrolment is not restricted based on the student's religious beliefs.WEB,weblink Admission – SJU, St. Jerome's University, 29 July 2013, WEB,weblink I am not Mennonite. Can I live at Grebel?, Frequently asked questions, Conrad Grebel University College, 16 August 2012, WEB,weblink Frequently asked questions, Renison University College, 16 August 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 5 August 2012, yes, dmy-all,


The university completed the 2014–2015 academic year with revenues of $936.240 million and expenses of $906.730 million, yielding a surplus of $29.510 million.WEB, University of Waterloo Financial Statements,weblink 30 April 2015, University of Waterloo, Grants and contracts make up the largest source of revenue for the university, totaling $392.357 million, followed by academic fees at $357.889 million. Salaries make up nearly half of the university's expenses, at $439.973 million. As of 30 April 2015, the university's endowment is valued at $335.731 million.


Waterloo is a publicly funded research university, and a member of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada.WEB,weblink University of Waterloo, Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, 2012, 9 February 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 18 February 2012, yes, dmy-all, WEB,weblink Universities, Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011, 9 February 2012, It functions on a term-based system, with fall, winter and spring terms.WEB,weblink Glossary of terms, University of Waterloo, 9 February 2012, Undergraduate programs comprise the majority of the school's enrolment, made up of 24,377 full-time and part-time undergraduate students. The university conferred 5,041 bachelor's degrees, 267 doctoral degrees, 1,275 master's degrees, and 192 first professional degrees in 2012–2013.WEB,weblink Common University Data Ontario 2013, University of Waterloo, 2014, 16 March 2014, The university is organized into six faculties, which operate a combined total of 11 schools and over 50 academic departments.{| class="wikitable" style="font-size:90%; width:100%; border:0; text-align:center; line-height:120%;"!colspan=14|Faculties and Schools of the University of Waterloo!FacultyApplied Health SciencesArtsEngineeringEnvironmentMathematicsScience!SchoolUniversity of Waterloo School of Public Health and Health Systems>School of Public Health and Health SystemsUniversity of Waterloo School of Accounting and Finance>School of Accounting and FinanceUniversity of Waterloo Stratford School of Interaction Design and Business>Stratford School of Interaction Design and BusinessBalsillie School of International Affairs{{efn>Collaborated with Centre for International Governance Innovation and Wilfrid Laurier University}}Renison University College#School of Social Work>Renison School of Social Work{{efn|Operated by Renison University College}}University of Waterloo School of Architecture>School of ArchitectureUniversity of Waterloo Conrad School of Entrepreneurship and Business>Conrad School of Entrepreneurship and BusinessUniversity of Waterloo School of Environment, Enterprise and Development>School of Environment, Enterprise and DevelopmentUniversity of Waterloo School of Environment, Resources and Sustainability>School of Environment, Resources and SustainabilityUniversity of Waterloo School of Planning>School of Planning|David R. Cheriton School of Computer ScienceUniversity of Waterloo School of Optometry and Vision Science>School of Optometry and Vision ScienceUniversity of Waterloo School of Pharmacy>School of PharmacyFinancial aid available to students includes the Ontario Student Assistance Program and Canada Student Loans and Grants through the federal and provincial governments. The financial aid provided may come in the form of loans, grants, bursaries, scholarships, fellowships, debt reduction, interest relief, and work programs.WEB,weblink What is OSAP?, University of Waterloo, 9 February 2012,


{{Canadian university rankings| UniName = University of Waterloo| ARWU_W = 151–200| ARWU_CAN = 7–9| QS_W = 163| QS_N = 7| THES_W = 201–250| THES_N = 10| USNWR_GU = 215| USNWR_N = 9| MAC_comp = 3}}In the 2018 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), the university ranked 151–200 in the world and 7–9 in Canada. The 2019 Times Higher Education World University Rankings placed Waterloo 201–250 in the world and tenth in Canada. The 2019 QS World University Rankings ranked the university 163rd in the world and seventh in Canada. In the U.S. News & World Report 2019 ranking, the university placed 215th in the world, and ninth in Canada. In terms of national rankings, Maclean's 2019 university rankings placed Waterloo third, in its comprehensive university category. In 2018 CEOWORLD magazine released its ranking for universities around the world, and placed Waterloo 220th in the world and eighth in Canada.NEWS,weblink Best Universities In The World For 2018, CEOWORLD Magazine, The CEOWORLD Magazine, 11 May 2018, 18 October 2018, The university also placed in a number of rankings that evaluated a graduate's employment prospects. In QS's 2019 graduate employability ranking, Waterloo ranked 25th in the world, and second in Canada.WEB,weblink Graduate Employability Rankings 2019, 2018, QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited, QS Top Universities, 10 March 2019, In the Times Higher Education 2018 graduate employability ranking, Waterloo was ranked 100–150 in the world, and seventh in Canada.WEB,weblink Graduate employability: top universities in Canada ranked by employers 2018, 14 November 2018, Times Higher Education, 10 March 2019, In an employability survey published by The New York Times in October 2011, when CEOs and chairpersons were asked to select the top universities which they recruited from, the university placed 108th in the world, and seventh in Canada.NEWS,weblink What business leaders say, The New York Times, The New York Times Company, 20 October 2011, 8 March 2012, In the 2019 Times Higher Education University Impact Rankings, which assess 450 universities against the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, the University of Waterloo placed 13th in the world, and fourth in Canada.NEWS, Waterloo ranks 13 in global University Impact Rankings 2019,weblink 16 April 2019, University of Waterloo, April 3, 2019, WEB, University of Waterloo rankings and reputation,weblink University of Waterloo, University of Waterloo, 16 April 2019, WEB, University Impact Rankings 2019,weblink World University Rankings, Times Higher Education, 16 April 2019,


File:Mike-and-Ophelia-Lazaridis-Quantum-Nano-Centre.png|thumb|left|The university's institutes for both nanotechnology and quantum computing are located in the Mike & Ophelia Lazaridis Quantum-Nano CentreMike & Ophelia Lazaridis Quantum-Nano CentreThe University of Waterloo is a member of the U15, a group that represents 15 Canadian research universities. In 2018, Research Infosource ranked Waterloo 12th on their list of top 50 Canadian research universities, with a sponsored research income (external sources of funding) of $189.333 million in 2017.WEB,weblink Canada's Top 50 Research Universities 2018, Researach Infosource, 2018, 10 March 2019, In the same year, the university's faculty averaged a sponsored research income of $163,100, while graduate students averaged a sponsored research income of $34,700.Waterloo's research performance has been noted several bibliometric university rankings, which uses citation analysis to evaluates the impact a university has on academic publications. In 2018, the Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities ranked Waterloo 240th in the world, and 10th in Canada.WEB,weblink World University Rankings By 2018, NTU Rankings, 2018, 3 November 2018, The University Ranking by Academic Performance 2018–19 rankings placed the university 191st in the world, and 10th in Canada.WEB,weblink 2018-2019 RANKING BY COUNTRY, Informatics Institute of Middle East Technical University, 2018, 3 November 2018, The university operates and manages 41 research centres and institutes, including the Centre for Applied Cryptographic Research, the Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology, the Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing, the Institute for Quantum Computing, and the Centre for Theoretical Neuroscience. Official recognition and designation of all centres and institutes requires the approval of the university's Senate.WEB,weblink The Full Spectrum of Research, University of Waterloo, 19 July 2012, On 6 April 2018, the University of Waterloo announced the launching of its Artificial Intelligence Research Lab.NEWS,weblink UW to open AI research institute {{!, CBC News|work=CBC|access-date=2018-04-12|language=en-US}}


The requirements for admission differ between students from Ontario, students from other provinces in Canada, and international students, due to the lack of uniformity in marking schemes. For students applying from an Ontario secondary school, the university's admissions office states an average of at least 80 percent is required for minimum consideration. A higher average is suggested for admission to programs where demand for seats from qualified applicants exceeds the number of places available. The actual minimum averages required for these programs are determined each year based on the number and qualification of applicants and the number of available spaces.WEB,weblink Ontario Secondary School Applicants presenting the Ontario High School Curriculum, University of Waterloo, 6 July 2012, The average secondary school admission average for full-time, first-year students for the 2014–2015 academic year was 89.3 percent.NEWS,weblink Section B (Common University Data Ontario 2015), 2016-03-18, Institutional Analysis & Planning, 2017-01-02, The retention rate of the university's first-time, full-time first-year students in 2012 was 91.1 percent.WEB,weblink K3 – Retention Rates, University of Waterloo, 2 January 2017, Waterloo offers more than 190 master's and doctoral programs for students wishing to continue their studies. Admission requirements vary by program.

Co-operative education

The University of Waterloo has a co-operative education program with nearly 20,000 undergraduate students, making it the world's largest post-secondary co-operative education program.WEB, About Co-operative Education,weblink University of Waterloo, University of Waterloo, 20 January 2019, WEB, University of Waterloo: Rankings,weblink Maclean's, Rogers Media., 20 January 2019, WEB, The world’s largest co-op program,weblink Ontario Universities, Council of Ontario Universities, 20 January 2019, WEB, Cooperative Education in Canadian Universities,weblink, Hecterra Publishing Inc., 20 January 2019, All co-operative education programs at the university are accredited by the Canadian Association for Co-operative Education. Their five-year co-op program includes up to twenty-four months of work experience, broken into four month terms. Enrolling in a co-op program at the University of Waterloo does not guarantee co-op employment. Despite a high percentage of employment via the co-op program, many students obtain employment by other methods, including a student's personal networks and unpaid full-time volunteering positions.WEB, About Co-operative Education,weblink 2015-09-25, All undergraduate programs in the Faculty of Engineering and some other programs throughout the Faculty of Arts and the Faculty of Mathematics require mandatory co-op placements as part of the five-year program. The Faculty of Engineering requires a minimum of five co-op placements (twenty months) while other programs require a minimum of four co-op placements (sixteen months). Some students engage in international co-op opportunities abroad in private companies and public institutions including positions in Japan, Hong Kong, China, Korea, Germany, and France.WEB, Working abroad,weblink 2015-09-25, Demographics of student body (2014–15)WEB>URLHTTPS://UWATERLOO.CA/INSTITUTIONAL-ANALYSIS-PLANNING/UNIVERSITY-DATA-AND-STATISTICS/COMMON-UNIVERSITY-DATA-ONTARIO-CUDO-0/COMMON-UNIVERSITY-DATA-ONTARIO-CUDO-2015/SECTION-COMMON-UNIVERSITY-DATA-ONTARIO-2015, titleSection A (Common University Data Ontario 2015), publisherUniversity of Waterloo, accessdate4 March 2018, year2018, ">

Student life {| style"text-align:center; float:right; font-size:85%; margin-left:2em; margin:10px" class"wikitable"Demographics of student body (2014–15)WEB>URLHTTPS://UWATERLOO.CA/INSTITUTIONAL-ANALYSIS-PLANNING/UNIVERSITY-DATA-AND-STATISTICS/COMMON-UNIVERSITY-DATA-ONTARIO-CUDO-0/COMMON-UNIVERSITY-DATA-ONTARIO-CUDO-2015/SECTION-COMMON-UNIVERSITY-DATA-ONTARIO-2015, titleSection A (Common University Data Ontario 2015), publisherUniversity of Waterloo, accessdate4 March 2018, year2018,

! !! Undergraduate !! Graduate! Male| 58.1%! Female| 41.9%! Canadian student| 68.8%! International student| 31.2%The university's two main student unions are the Federation of Students for all undergraduate students, and the Graduate Student Association for graduate students.WEB,weblink About the Graduate Student Association, Graduate Student Association, 13 July 2012, The Federation of Students was created in 1967. It operates seven businesses and eight student services, and encompasses nearly 200 clubs. The federation also oversees the university's Orientation Week, Welcome Week and other special events and concerts held on campus.WEB,weblink Mission, Vision, & Values, Federation of Students Website, 29 July 2013,weblink" title="">weblink 1 August 2013, yes, dmy-all, The organizations and clubs accredited by the Federation of Students cover a wide range of interests including academics, culture, religion, social issues, and recreation.WEB,weblink All Clubs, Federation of Students Website, 29 July 2013,weblink" title="">weblink 31 July 2013, yes, dmy-all, Many of them are centred on the university's student activity centre, the Student Life Centre. As of June 2007, neither the university administration nor the student union recognize fraternities and sororities.WEB,weblink Should the University of Waterloo Recognize Greek Organizations?, 6 June 2007, The Iron Warrior, Goel, Yuvraj, Aho, Jeffrey, 19 July 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 23 June 2013, yes, dmy-all, Alpha Epsilon Pi, Pi Kappa Alpha and Sigma Chi operate as non-accredited off-campus fraternities,WEB,weblink Canada Chapter Roll, Alpha Epsilon Pi, 2011, 19 July 2012, WEB,weblink 2015, 14 December 2015, Archived copy,weblink" title="">weblink 22 December 2015, yes, dmy-all, WEB,weblink The Theta Psi Chapter of Sigma Chi, Sigma Chi Canadian Foundation, 2012, 19 July 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 13 May 2012, yes, dmy-all, and Alpha Omicron Pi and Kappa Kappa Gamma as non-accredited off-campus sororities.WEB,weblink AOII Collegiate Chapters, Alpha Omicron Pi Fraternity, 19 July 2012, WEB,weblink Chapter Profile – Zeta Omega, Kappa Kappa Gamma, 19 July 2012, The official student newspaper at the university is the Imprint, which publishes a weekly edition during the fall and winter semesters and a biweekly edition for the spring semester.WEB,weblink About – Imprint, Imprint Publications, 2012, 19 July 2012, The Chevron was previously the official student newspaper.WEB,weblink Power Tripping, University of Waterloo, 19 July 2012, 7, Conflicts with the Federation of Students and the perception of an increasingly left-wing agenda lead to the removal of its official status, by referendum, in November 1978.WEB,weblink Charges laid after Chevron tiff, 25 November 1976, The Ubyssey, The Ubyssey Publications Society, 8, WEB,weblink Fifty Years of Campus Journalism, Hadji, Bahman, 10 October 2007, The Iron Warrior, 19 July 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 23 July 2012, yes, dmy-all, The oldest student publication on campus is the mathNEWS, published by the Mathematics faculty in print and online, and another important publication is The Iron Warrior, published by the Engineering faculty.The university's Journalism Club, made up of former staff from The Chevron along with other students, created another newspaper known as the Imprint, which was officially recognized by referendum in 1979. The university also operated a campus radio station, CKMS-FM, now known as SoundFM. The radio station was officially incorporated in 1977 but following several referenda, in 2008 the Federation of Students and the University withdrew all financial support for the station and it transitioned to a community radio model.WEB,weblink About SoundFM, 19 July 2012, File:Waterloo Warriors women goalie 2014.jpg|thumb|upright|The university's athletics program, the Waterloo WarriorsWaterloo Warriors


The university's sports teams are known as the Waterloo Warriors. They participate in the Canadian Interuniversity Sports' Ontario University Athletics conference for most varsity sports. Varsity teams include badminton, baseball, basketball, cross country, curling, field hockey, figure skating, Canadian football, golf, hockey, Nordic skiing, rugby, soccer, squash, swimming, track and field, tennis and volleyball. The athletics program at the university dates back to 1957, when students of Waterloo College Associate Faculties participated in the sports program of Waterloo College (present-day Wilfrid Laurier University). The university had its own independent team when the Associate Faculties officially became the University of Waterloo.WEB,weblink History & Tradition of Waterloo Athletics and Recreational Services, University of Waterloo, 12 July 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 2 February 2013, yes, dmy-all, The university's varsity teams and the university's recreational sports programs are operated and managed by the Department of Athletics and Recreational Activity.WEB,weblink Director of Athletics and Recreational Services, 12 July 2012, The university has a number of athletic facilities open to the varsity teams and to the other students. The stadium with the largest seating capacity at the university is Warrior Field. The field is home to the varsity field hockey and football teams, and hosts the university's recreational flag football and soccer activities. It has a seating capacity of 5,400.WEB,weblink Warrior Field, University of Waterloo, 12 June 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 2 February 2013, yes, dmy-all, Other facilities include the Physical Activity Complex, which houses two gymnasiums, beach volleyball courts, squash rooms, and a swimming pool, and is also home to the university's varsity badminton, basketball, squash, swimming and volleyball teams.WEB,weblink Physical Activity Complex, 12 July 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 3 January 2013, yes, dmy-all, The Columbia Ice Field was constructed in 1983 and houses the university's hockey team home rink, with a seating capacity of 700. The Ice Field has been expanded twice, in 1990 and 2003, and now includes three gyms and a number of fitness centres.WEB,weblink CIF Arena, 12 July 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 2 February 2013, yes, dmy-all, WEB,weblink Columbia Ice Fields, 12 July 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 2 February 2013, yes, dmy-all, Including the football field, the university manages seven outdoor playing fields, with Fields 1 and 2 reserved for the varsity soccer and rugby teams. The rest of the fields are used by the university's recreational sports programs.WEB,weblink Playing Fields, 12 July 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 2 February 2013, yes, dmy-all,

Velocity program

The University of Waterloo's Velocity Program claims to be the largest free startup incubator in the world.WEB,weblink Home, 24 June 2015, WEB,weblink UWaterloo’s Velocity Garage now largest free startup incubator in the world – Waterloo News, 28 October 2016, Velocity offers workspace for up to 120 startups.

Insignias and other representations

Coat of Arms

The university's coat of arms was first used by the university in October 1961, but was only officially granted by the Lord Lyon King of Arms in August 1987. It was not registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority until 15 February 2001.WEB,weblink The Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada – University of Waterloo, Canadian Heraldic Authority, 28 May 2005, 5 July 2012, Four variations of the coat of arms existed. The first was used from 1961 to 1996, when the second bright-yellow shield using slightly different shaped lions was introduced. The yellow background was dulled in 2000, and finally, the original lions were reintroduced in 2010 in conjunction with the attempt to replace the use of the coat of arms with a futuristic W logo.WEB,weblink About the University of Waterloo, University of Waterloo, 5 June 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 12 August 2012, The new logo was eventually rejected after student opposition.WEB,weblink Waterloo wars over leaked logos, 2 August 2009, Pagliaro, Jennifer, 22 June 2013, Rogers Publishing Limited, The red-on-gold lions on the university's arms were adopted from those of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, who defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. The City of Waterloo was named after an area just south of Brussels, Belgium, where the battle occurred.WEB,weblink Kitchener-Waterloo, Queen's Printer for Ontario, 8 November 2011, 5 July 2012, The chevron on the arms was taken from the arms of Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Field Marshal with the British Army during World War I. The black and white pattern used on the chevron was based on the colours of Prussia, as homage to the German heritage of the area. The City of Kitchener was originally known as Berlin, but was renamed after Earl Kitchener in 1916 during World War I.

Motto and songs

The university's Latin motto is Concordia cum veritate, translated as "In Harmony with Truth". It was introduced along with the university coat of arms in October 1961.A number of songs are commonly played and sung at various events such as commencement, convocation, and athletic contests. The main song of the university is known as the "Black and White and Gold". The words were written by K. D. Fryer and H. F. Davis, while the music was composed by Alfred Kunz.WEB,weblink College Songs and Songbooks, The Canadian Encyclopedia, Green, Rebecca, The Historica Foundation of Canada, 7 December 2013, 3 January 2014,

Notable alumni and faculty

File:David Johnston 2011-12-01.jpg|David Johnston, 28th Governor General of Canada.File:Rmundell.jpg|Robert Mundell, Nobel Laureate in economics for his work in monetary dynamics.File:Donna Strickland, OSA Holiday Party 2012.jpg|Donna Strickland, Nobel Laureate in physics for her work in laser physicsFile:Rasmus Lerdorf August 2014 (cropped).JPG|Rasmus Lerdorf, creator of the PHP scripting language.File:Prem Watsa.jpg|Prem Watsa, founder and chairman of Fairfax Financial.File:Mr Mike Lazaridis OC FRS.jpg|Mike Lazaridis, founder of BlackBerry Limited.File:Gaston Gonnet.jpg|Gaston Gonnet, co-founder of Waterloo Maple.File:Chamath Palihapitiya 2016 Dialog (cropped).jpg|Chamath Palihapitiya, CEO of Social Capital and minority owner of the Golden State Warriors.Over 163,000 people have graduated from the university, and now reside in over 140 countries.WEB,weblink Alumni Quick Facts, University of Waterloo, 13 January 2012, 28 January 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 23 January 2012, yes, dmy-all, Waterloo graduates have accumulated a number of awards, such as George Elliott Clarke, recipient of the Governor General's Award; William Reeves, recipient of an Academy Award, and a number of Rhodes Scholarships.WEB,weblink Academy Awards to four UW grads, University of Waterloo, 23 March 1998, 28 January 2012, WEB,weblink George Elliott Clarke, Athabasca University, 23 March 2011, 28 January 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 7 February 2012, yes, dmy-all, WEB,weblink Rhodes Scholarship for UW student, University of Waterloo, 3 December 2000, 28 January 2012, Two members of the university have received the Nobel Prize. In 1999, Robert Mundell was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his work in monetary dynamics and optimum currency areas.WEB,weblink Biography – Robert A. Mundell, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 6 July 2012, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 2 April 2012, dmy-all, In 2018, university faculty member Donna Strickland was awarded Nobel Prize in Physics for her work in laser physics.NEWS,weblink Canadian becomes 1st woman in 55 years to win Nobel Prize in Physics, shared with 2 others, CBC News, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 2 October 2018, 2 October 2018, en-CA, A number of business leaders have worked or studied at Waterloo. Examples include David I. McKay, president and CEO of the Royal Bank of Canada,{{cn|date=March 2019}} Kevin O’Leary, founder of SoftKey,{{cn|date=March 2019}} John Baker, founder of Desire2Learn,WEB,weblink Market still growing, Desire2Learn founder says, The Record, Metroland Media Group Ltd., 12 October 2011, 28 January 2012, David Cheriton, co-founder and chief scientist of Arista Networks,WEB,weblink Senior Management, Arista Networks, 2012, 28 January 2012, Mike Lazaridis, co-founder and former co-CEO of Research In Motion (now BlackBerry Ltd),NEWS,weblink Mike Lazaridis of RIM, CBC News, 23 January 2012, 28 January 2012, Prem Watsa, chairman of Fairfax Financial and the current chancellor of the university,WEB,weblink Fairfax's Prem Watsa to serve as 9th chancellor of the University of Waterloo, University of Waterloo, 19 September 2008, 28 January 2012, Steven Woods, co-founder of NeoEdge Networks and Quack.comWEB,weblink Steven Woods Ph.d., Bloomberg L.P., 2012, 28 January 2012, and co-founders of Waterloo Maple, Keith Geddes and Gaston Gonnet.WEB,weblink Keith O Geddes, University of Waterloo, 28 January 2012, Gonnet was also the co-founder of OpenText Corporation.WEB,weblink Gaston H. Gonnet, ETH Zurich, 13 November 2002, 28 January 2012, Several faculty members and students have also gained local and national prominence in government. David Johnston, the former president of Waterloo, served as the 28th Governor General of Canada from 2010 to 2017.WEB,weblink Governor General David Johnston, Office of the Secretary to the Governor General, 28 January 2012, A number of the university's faculty and students have also gained prominence in the field of computing sciences. Examples include QNX operating systems co-creators Gordon Bell and Dan Dodge,NEWS,weblink Heroes of Manufacturing These innovators sail against the prevailing winds, discovering whole new worlds in biotech and software., CNN Money, Cable News Network, Bylinsky, Gene, 17 March 2003, 28 January 2012, Rasmus Lerdorf, the creator of the PHP scripting language,BOOK, Open Source: Technology and Policy, Deek, Fadi P., McHugh, James A. M., Cambridge University Press, 2008, 71, 1-139-46873-1, Matei Zaharia, the creator of Apache Spark, Gordon Cormack, the co-creator of the Dynamic Markov compression algorithm,WEB,weblink Gordon V. Cormack, University of Waterloo, 28 January 2012, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 10 February 2012, dmy-all, Ric Holt, co-creator of several programming languages, most notably Turing,WEB,weblink Richard Holt, University of Waterloo, 4 January 2011, 28 January 2012, and Jack Edmonds, a computer scientist, and developer of the Blossom algorithm, and the Edmonds' algorithm.BOOK, The Envy of Excellence: Administrative Mobbing of High-achieving Professors, Westhues, Kenneth, 2005, 43, Tribunal for Academic Justice, 0-7734-5979-0, Graduates from the university have also risen to prominence in other fields. Heather Moyse, a graduate from the kinesiology program, is a prominent Canadian athlete and two-time Olympic bobsleigh gold medalist.NEWS,weblink Heather Moyse {{!, Kinesiology|date=2012-08-29|work=Kinesiology|access-date=2017-10-11|language=en}} Moyse has represented Canada in international bobsleigh, rugby and track cycling competitions.NEWS,weblink Moyse switches from bobsleigh to track cycling, CBC Sports, 2017-10-11, en, Graduate of the Rhetoric and Professional Writing program, Rupi Kaur is a Canadian poet, writer, illustrator.NEWS,weblink English alum Rupi Kaur makes top seller lists with poetry collection {{!, Arts|date=2016-02-10|work=Arts|access-date=2017-10-11|language=en}} Her book of poetry, Milk and Honey, has spent over a year on The New York Times' bestsellers list, reaching #1 in January 2017.WEB,weblink Sales of #1 New York Times Best Seller Milk and Honey by Rupi Kaur Reach One Million Copies, Publishing, Andrews McMeel,, en, 2017-10-11, On October 2, 2018, Donna Strickland, an associate professor at the Physics and Astronomy Department, was awarded the Nobel prize in physics. Strickland is the third woman to have ever been awarded the prize in physics.NEWS, Nobel Prize in physics awarded to UW’s Donna Strickland,weblink 2 October 2018, The Record, This was the first Nobel prize for a member of the university's faculty.NEWS, University of Waterloo prof awarded Nobel Prize for physics,weblink Toronto Star, Torstar, 3 October 2018, Strickland was honoured for being half of the team to discover chirped pulse amplification, a technique that underpins today's short-pulse, high-intensity lasers.WEB, University of Waterloo prof awarded Nobel Prize for physics,weblink CP24, CP24, 2 October 2018, WEB, University of Waterloo's Donna Strickland one of three scientists to win Nobel Prize in physics,weblink CTV News Kitchener, CTV News, 2 October 2018, Scientific American explained the practical aspects of the invention as it applies in the most noteworthy application: it allows for "ultrabrief, ultrasharp beams can be used to make extremely precise cuts, so their technique is now used in laser machining and enables doctors to perform millions of corrective" laser eye surgeries.WEB, 'Optical Tweezers' and Tools Used for Laser Eye Surgery Snag Physics Nobel,weblink 2 October 2018, Scientific American, 2 October 2018,

See also





Further reading

  • BOOK, McLaughlin, Kenneth, Out of the Shadow of Orthodoxy: Waterloo@50, 2007, University of Waterloo, 0-9682827-3-3,
  • BOOK, McLaughlin, Kenneth, Waterloo: The Unconventional Founding of an Unconventional University, 1997, University of Waterloo, 0-9682827-0-9,
  • BOOK, McLean, Celia, University of Waterloo 1957–1982: The Twenty-fifth Anniversary Year Begins, University of Waterloo, 1982,
  • BOOK, harv, Scott, James, Of Mud and Dreams: University of Waterloo 1957–1967, Ryerson Press, 1967,

External links

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