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University of Massachusetts Amherst
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{{distinguish|Amherst College}}{{Use mdy dates|date=April 2018}}







factoids

|closed =
|type = FlagshipPublicLand-grant
|affiliation =
|endowment = {{USD|323.6 million}} (2017)WEB,weblink www.umass.edu, 2018 Report on Annual Indicators, July 2018,
|chancellor = Kumble Subbaswamy
|president =
|vice-president =
|superintendent =
|provost = John McCarthyWEB,weblink UMass Amherst: The Office of the Provost - Meet the Provost, www.umass.edu,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170911020301weblink">weblink September 11, 2017, September 10, 2017,
|academic_staff = Approximately 1,300 full-time (Fall 2017)WEB,weblink UMass at a Glance, University of Massachusetts Amherst, April 27, 2015, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150419073305weblink">weblink April 19, 2015,
|students = 30,593 (Fall 2018)WEB,weblink UMass at a Glance, umass.edu, October 31, 2018, WEB,weblink Common Data Set 2017-2018, University of Massachusetts Amherst, April 9, 2017,
|undergrad = 23,515 (Fall 2018)
|postgrad = 7,078 (Fall 2018)
|city = Amherst
|state = Massachusetts
|country = United States
|coor = {{Coord|42|23|20|N|72|31|40|W|display=title}}
|campus = 1,463 acres (5.87 km2) Urban/Suburban
|former_names = Massachusetts Agricultural College (1863–1931)UMass Amherst: History of UMass Amherst {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20060516101908weblink |date=May 16, 2006 }}Massachusetts State College (1931–1947)
| free_label = Newspapers| free = The Massachusetts Daily Collegian
|athletics = NCAA Division I FBS – Atlantic 10Hockey East, FBS Independent
|colors = Maroon, Black & WhiteWEB,weblink Color, UMass Brand Guide, University of Massachusetts Amherst, April 27, 2015, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150430131703weblink">weblink April 30, 2015, {{color box|#881c1c}} {{color box|#000000}} {{color box|#FFFFFF}}
WORK=UMASSATHLETICS.COMARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20141222052625/HTTP://WWW.UMASSATHLETICS.COM/GENREL/UMAF.HTMLDF=,
|nickname = Minutemen and MinutewomenWEB,weblink University of Massachusetts Official Athletic Site - Traditions, umassathletics.com, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160304112659weblink">weblink March 4, 2016,
|mascot = Sam the MinutemanWEB,weblink Mascots Talk Back: Sam the Minuteman - PATRICK SISSON, patricksisson.com, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160304002618weblink">weblink March 4, 2016,
|website = {{url|www.umass.edu}}
|logo = (File:University of Massachusetts Amherst wordmark.svg|250px)
|footnotes =
University of Massachusetts>UMass SystemAssociation of Public and Land-grant UniversitiesAmerican Association of State Colleges and Universities>AASCUFive Colleges
}}
The University of Massachusetts Amherst (abbreviated UMass Amherst and colloquially referred to as UMass or Massachusetts) is a public research and land-grant university in Amherst, Massachusetts. It is the flagship campus of the University of Massachusetts system. UMass Amherst has an annual enrollment of approximately 1,300 faculty members and more than 30,000 students. It was ranked 26th best public university and 70th best national university by U.S. News Report in 2019. MAGAZINE, U.S. News Best Colleges Rankings: University of Massachusetts--Amherst, U.S. News & World Report,weblink September 26, 2016, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160105103748weblink">weblink January 5, 2016, The university offers academic degrees in 109 undergraduate, 77 master's and 48 doctoral programs. Programs are coordinated in nine schools and colleges. The main campus is situated north of downtown Amherst. In 2012, U.S. News and World Report ranked Amherst among the Top 10 Great College Towns in America.Amherst, Mass.: 10 Great College Towns - U.S. News & World Report {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170927202337weblink |date=September 27, 2017 }} It is also a member of the Five College Consortium.The University of Massachusetts Amherst is categorized as a Research University with Highest research activity by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.WEB,weblink Carnegie Foundation Classifications, carnegiefoundation.org, In fiscal year 2014, UMass Amherst had research expenditures exceeding $200 million.UMass Amherst sports teams are called the Minutemen and Minutewomen, the colors being maroon, black, and white; the school mascot is Sam the Minuteman. All teams participate in NCAA Division I. The university is a member of the Atlantic 10 Conference, while playing ice hockey in Hockey East and football as an FBS Independent.

History

Foundation and early years

(File:Mass Aggie.jpg|left|200px|thumb|Massachusetts Agricultural College as it appeared in 1879, with students and faculty standing in front of Old South College, North College, and the college's first chapel.)(File:UMASeal100.svg|right|thumb|160px|The University's Centennial Seal)(File:Old Chapel 6.JPG|right|thumb|200px|Old Chapel constructed in 1884 at the campus)The university was founded in 1863 under the provisions of the Federal Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to provide instruction to Massachusetts citizens in "agricultural, mechanical, and military arts." Accordingly, the university was initially named the Massachusetts Agricultural College, popularly referred to as "Mass Aggie" or "M.A.C." In 1867, the college had yet to admit any students, been through two Presidents, and had still not completed any college buildings. In that year, William S. Clark was appointed President of the college and Professor of Botany. He quickly appointed a faculty, completed the construction plan, and, in the fall of 1867, admitted the first class of approximately 50 students. Clark became the first president to serve longterm after the schools opening and is often regarded the primary founding father of the college.Frank Prentice Rand, Yesterdays at Massachusetts State College, (Amherst: The Associate Alumni of Massachusetts State College, 1933) pp. 17–19. Of the school's founding figures, there are a traditional "founding four"- Clark, Levi Stockbridge, Charles Goessmann, and Henry Goodell, described as "the botanist, thefarmer, the chemist, [and] the man of letters."SPEECH, Goodell–I Knew Him, [Dedication of the Goodell Library], Hill, Joseph L., November 7, 1935, Amherst, Mass., MAGAZINE, Western New England, 1, 85–86, The College that the Bay State Built, March 1911, 4, Neal, Robert Wilson, To nearly all graduates up to 1900, or possibly 1905, the names of four such men especially (omitting even reference to trustees) were living names: Clark, Stockbridge, Goessmann and Goodell. These were the most prominent of the faculty leaders who, by making the old M.A.C. from year to year, made possible the new M.A.C. Each had his characteristic part... Clark, the dashing soldier, in the spectacular campaigns that accompanied the founding of the college; Stockbridge, of shrewd mother-wit and stubborn will, an embattled farmer is the cause of more popular education in carrying forward the institution at a time when it seemed to have lost all vitality and to live only from day to day as its saviors breathed upon it; Goessmann, scientist and German, in forming within the college the standards of exact scientific investigation. Last of the ‘Big Four’ was President Henry H. Goodell—classicist, modern thinker, lover of literature and the arts, disciplinarian, sympathizer, self-forgetter., The original buildings consisted of Old South College (a dormitory located on the site of the present South College), North College (a second dormitory once located just south of today's Machmer Hall), the Chemistry Laboratory, also known as College Hall (once located on the present site of Machmer Hall), the Boarding House (a small dining hall located just north of the present Campus Parking Garage), the Botanic Museum (located on the north side of the intersection of Stockbridge Road and Chancellor's Hill Drive) and the Durfee Plant House (located on the site of the new Durfee Conservatory).Rand, p. 21.Although enrollment was slow during the 1870s, the fledgling college built momentum under the leadership of President (:wikiquote:Henry H. Goodell|Henry Hill Goodell). In the 1880s, Goodell implemented an expansion plan, adding the College Drill Hall in 1883 (the first gymnasium), the Old Chapel Library in 1885 (one of the oldest extant buildings on campus and an important symbol of the University), and the East and West Experiment Stations in 1886 and 1890. The Campus Pond, now the central focus of the University Campus, was created in 1893 by damming a small brook. The early 20th century saw great expansion in terms of enrollment and the scope of the curriculum. The first female student was admitted in 1875 on a part-time basis and the first full-time female student was admitted in 1892. In 1903, Draper Hall was constructed for the dual purpose of a dining hall and female housing. The first female students graduated with the class of 1905. The first dedicated female dormitory, the Abigail Adams House (on the site of today's Lederle Tower) was built in 1920.Rand, p. 147By the start of the 20th century, the college was thriving and quickly expanded its curriculum to include the liberal arts. The Education curriculum was established in 1907. In recognition of the higher enrollment and broader curriculum, the college was renamed Massachusetts State College in 1931.Following World War II, the G.I. Bill, facilitating financial aid for veterans, led to an explosion of applicants. The college population soared and Presidents Hugh Potter Baker and Ralph Van Meter labored to push through major construction projects in the 1940s and 1950s, particularly with regard to dormitories (now Northeast and Central Residential Areas). Accordingly, the name of the college was changed in 1947 to the "University of Massachusetts."{{Clear}}{{wide image|Panorama, Massachusetts Agricultural College (1916).jpg|800px|alt=Panoramic view of campus, 1916|Panoramic view of campus, 1916; in the foreground at the left is the Apiary Laboratory, Fernald Hall, the Old Chapel, and Clark Hall, in the distance to the right can be seen French Hall and Stockbridge Hall}}

Modern era

(File:Welcome Sign UMass Amherst MA USA.jpg|200px|right|thumb|Welcome sign at the university (east gate))(File:UMass Amherst Campus Center 2.jpg|left|thumb|150px|From the W.E.B. DuBois Library, a northward view. The Lederle Graduate Research Tower can be seen in the background with the Campus Center and Hotel in the foreground.)By the 1970s, the University continued to grow and gave rise to a shuttle bus service on campus as well as many other architectural additions; this included the Murray D. Lincoln Campus Center complete with a hotel, office space, fine dining restaurant, campus store, and passageway to the parking garage, the W. E. B. Du Bois Library, and the Fine Arts Center.Over the course of the next two decades, the John W. Lederle Graduate Research Center and the Conte National Polymer Research Center were built and UMass Amherst emerged as a major research facility. The Robsham Memorial Center for Visitors welcomed thousands of guests to campus after its dedication in 1989. For athletic and other large events, the Mullins Center was opened in 1993, hosting capacity crowds as the Minutemen basketball team ranked at number one for many weeks in the mid-1990s, and reached the Final Four in 1996.

21st century

UMass Amherst entered the 21st century with 19,061 students enrolled.WEB,weblink Common Data Set: 2000-2001, UMass Amherst, 2000, www.umass.edu, 6 June 2018, In 2003, for the first time, the Massachusetts State Legislature legally designated UMass Amherst as a Research University and the "flagship campus of the UMass system."NEWS, Amherst is now legally the flagship of UMass system,weblink Port, SJ, The Daily Collegian, September 19, 2003, December 11, 2009, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150501085028weblink">weblink May 1, 2015, The university was named a top producer of Fulbright Award winners in the 2008–2009 academic year.UMass Amherst Office of News & Information : News Releases : UMass Amherst Recruits Outstanding Academic Class, Drawing Top Students in Massachusetts and Across the U.S{{dead link|date=June 2012}} Additionally, in 2010, it was named one of the "Top Colleges and Universities Contributing to Teach For America's 2010 Teaching Corps."WEB,weblink Archived copy, August 17, 2010, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101011024955weblink">weblink October 11, 2010,

Organization and administration

{{See also|List of chancellors of the University of Massachusetts Amherst}}{|class="toccolours" style="float:right; margin-left:1em; font-size:90%; line-height:1.4em; width:320px;"! colspan="2" style="text-align: center;" | College/school founding
College/school >| Year founded
Stockbridge School of Agriculture >| 1870
University of Massachusetts Amherst School of Education>Education 1907
University of Massachusetts Amherst College of Engineering>Engineering 1914
University of Massachusetts Amherst School of Public Health and Health Sciences>Public Health and Health Sciences 1938
University of Massachusetts Amherst College of Humanities and Fine Arts>Humanities and Fine Arts 1915
Isenberg School of Management >| 1947
University of Massachusetts Amherst College of Natural Sciences>Natural Sciences 2009
University of Massachusetts Amherst School of Nursing>Nursing 1953
University of Massachusetts Amherst College of Social and Behavioral Sciences>Social and Behavioral Sciences 1937
University of Massachusetts Amherst College of Information and Computer Sciences>Information and Computer Sciences 2015
Since the University of Massachusetts Amherst was founded as the Massachusetts Agricultural College in 1863, 25 individuals have been at the helm of the institution.University of Massachusetts, Office of the Chancellor, Former Chancellors and Presidents of the Amherst Campus weblink {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120523233433weblink|date=May 23, 2012}} The office, originally known as "President," was changed to "Chancellor" in 1970. When UMass Boston was founded in 1963, it was initially reckoned as an off-site department of the Amherst campus, and was headed by a chancellor who reported to the president. A 1970 reorganization transferred day-to-day responsibility for UMass Amherst to a chancellor as well, with both chancellors reporting on an equal basis to the president. The title "President of the University of Massachusetts" now refers to the president of the entire five-campus University of Massachusetts system. The current Chancellor of the Amherst campus is Dr. Kumble R. Subbaswamy."Kumble Subbaswamy named new chancellor for UMass-Amherst" {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304035624weblink |date=March 4, 2016 }}, Diane Ledermen The Springfield Republican, March 26, 2012. Accessed March 26, 2012. The Chancellor resides in Hillside, the campus residence for chancellors.WEB,weblink Archived copy, July 9, 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20121009114448weblink">weblink October 9, 2012, mdy-all, Hillside House Last Updated: 2012. Accessed: July 9, 2012.There are approximately 1,300 full-time faculty at the university. The university is organized into nine schools and colleges and offers 111 bachelor's degrees, 75 master's degrees, and 47 doctoral degrees.Students interested in studying outside of a particular major can apply to enroll in the bachelor's degree with Individual Concentration (BDIC) program. This is a unique program which allows students to design their own area of study. A BDIC concentration must be interdisciplinary, drawing from at least three fields or disciplines, and it may not duplicate an existing major. Courses can be selected from any department within the university as well as the campuses in the Five College Consortium. Course selection is guided by the students chosen faculty sponsor and a BDIC faculty supervisor. BDIC students are assigned to one of five academic clusters- Arts and Cultural studies; Business and Law; Communication; Education and Human Development; Natural Health, Computer Sciences and Engineering.Additionally, the university offers two programs designed for adult and continuing education students, known as University Without WallsUniversity Without Walls website {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160218085828weblink |date=February 18, 2016 }} Accessed: May 12, 2011. and Continuing and Professional Education.[Continuing and Professional Education site WEB,weblink Archived copy, August 1, 2017, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170801183705weblink">weblink August 1, 2017, ] Accessed: May 12, 2011.

Academics

(File:UMass Amherst Goodell.jpg|200px|thumb|left|Goodell Hall)

Rankings and reputation









factoids
{| class="infobox" style="width: auto; font-size: 85%;"! USNWR graduate school and program rankingsMAGAZINE, U.S. News Grad School Rankings: University of Massachusetts--Amherst,weblink September 27, 2016, U.S. News & World Report, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20161004014925weblink">weblink October 4, 2016, |!
Business| 75|
!
Education| 42|
!
Engineering| 57|
!
Nursing| 48|
!
Biological Sciences| 55|
!
Chemistry| 56|
!
Computer Science| 20|
!
English| 50|
!
Mathematics| 60|
!
Physics| 50|
!
Political Science| 68|
!
Psychology| 46|
!
Public Health| 25|
!
Sociology| 31|
U.S. News and World Report's 2017 edition of America's Best Colleges ranked UMass Amherst tied for 74th on their list of "Best National Universities", and tied for 27th among public universities in the U.S. The Academic Ranking of World Universities placed the university 62nd-71st nationally and 151st-200th globally for 2016. In its 2015-16 rankings, Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked UMass Amherst 141st in the world. In 2016, QS World University Rankings ranked the university 251st in the world. University Ranking by Academic Performance for 2016-2017 ranks university as No. 70 in the country.WEB,weblink URAP - University Ranking by Academic Performance, www.urapcenter.org, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170823070406weblink">weblink August 23, 2017, The Isenberg School of Management's undergraduate business program was ranked by BusinessWeek in 2014 as the 36th best program in the country.MAGAZINE,weblink The Complete Ranking: Best Undergraduate Business Schools 2014, Bloomberg Businessweek, April 4, 2015, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150202085837weblink">weblink February 2, 2015, The National Research Council ranked computer science at UMass Amherst 18th in quality of PhD education and polymer science 2nd, in quality of PhD education and 7th in quality of scholarship among all US materials departments.{{citation needed|date=November 2015}} The Institute for Scientific Information ranked the Chemical Engineering program 5th, Computer Science Department 9th and Geosciences Department recognized for producing most cited paper on Global Warming.{{citation needed|date=November 2015}}Founded in 1971, the University Without Walls was one of the first adult bachelor's degree completion programs in the country.The UMass Amherst campus is known for its sustainability. In 2010 the UMass Climate Action Plan (CAP) was approved, which documented the campus' plan to reach carbon neutrality by 2050. In 2011 UMass Amherst became one of the four colleges to receive a gold star from the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education. In 2013 UMass Amherst made it onto the Princeton review's Green Honor Roll and in 2014 received its second National Climate Leadership Award. Furthermore, this is one of the only public universities to use the fresh fruits and vegetables in the dining commons from its very own permaculture gardens.WEB, What is Sustainability?,weblink www.umass.edu/sustainability, October 4, 2014, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20141006074420weblink">weblink October 6, 2014,

Commonwealth Honors College

(File:Commonwealth Honors College complex from the northeast.jpg|right|thumb|250px|$182 million new Commonwealth Honors College complex being constructed at the university.WEB,weblink UMass to build $182m honors complex, Boston.com, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160304235732weblink">weblink March 4, 2016, )(File:UMass Amherst 5.jpg|right|thumb|250px|The Old Chapel and W.E.B. DuBois Library at UMass Amherst.)Commonwealth Honors College is the honors college at UMass. The honors college provides students the opportunity to intensify their UMass academic curriculum. The requirements of the college are to complete an honors college writing course, a seminar called "Ideas That Changed the World," two honors gen ed courses, an honors seminar called "Topics," and for advanced scholarship honors, several upper-level honors courses, including an honors thesis or project. Membership in the honors college is not required in order to graduate the University with higher Latin honors designations, such as magna or summa cum laude. Commonwealth Honors College provides honors students an additional community of students to interact with outside of their academic department and holds many social and academic events during the school year. In 2013, the University completed the Commonwealth Honors College Residential Community (CHCRC) on campus to serve the College, including classrooms, faculty housing, an administration area, and residence areas that houses 1,500 students.WEB, Commonwealth Honors College Residential Complex,weblink University of Massachusetts Amherst, March 2, 2013, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130202152334weblink">weblink February 2, 2013,

Five College Consortium

UMass Amherst is part of the Five Colleges Consortium, which allows its students to attend classes, borrow books, work with professors, etc., at four other Pioneer Valley institutions: Amherst, Hampshire, Mount Holyoke, and Smith Colleges.All five colleges are located within 10 miles of Amherst center, and are accessible by public bus. The five share an astronomy department and some other undergraduate and graduate departments.UMass Amherst holds the license for WFCR, the National Public Radio affiliate for Western Massachusetts. In 2014, the station moved its main operations to the Fuller Building on Main Street in Springfield, but retained some offices in Hampshire House on the UMass campus.Public radio station WFCR-FM plans move from Amherst to Springfield {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131018043719weblink |date=October 18, 2013 }}. masslive.com. Retrieved on October 31, 2013.

Community service

UMass Amherst emphasizes community service as part of its academic programs. The Community Engagement Program (CEP) offers courses that combine classroom learning and community service, and sponsors programs such as the first year IMPACT learning community and the Citizen Scholars Program. Co-curricular service programs include the Alternative Spring Break, Engineers without Borders, the Legal Studies Civil Rights Clinical Project, the Medical Reserve Corps, Alpha Phi Omega, the Red Cross Club, the Rotaract Club, UCAN Volunteer, and the Veterans and Service Members Association (VSMA).The White House has named UMass Amherst to the President's Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll for four consecutive years, in recognition of its commitment to volunteering, service learning, and civic engagement.WEB,weblink Corporation for National and Community Service, learnandserve.gov, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080214124619weblink">weblink February 14, 2008, They have also been named a "Community-Engaged University" by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.WEB,weblink Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140916035322weblink">weblink September 16, 2014, The Princeton Review included UMass Amherst in its Colleges with a Conscience: 81 Great Schools with Outstanding Community Involvement.

Research

UMass research activities totaled more than $200 million in fiscal year 2014. In 2016 the faculty adopted an open-access policy to make its scholarship publicly accessible online.WEB,weblink University of Massachusetts Amherst, ROARMAP: Registry of Open Access Repository Mandates and Policies, University of Southampton, UK, July 24, 2018, Researchers at the university made several high-profile achievements in recent years. In a bi-national collaboration, National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst came together and built Large Millimeter Telescope.WEB, Large Millimeter Telescope (LMT) - Overview,weblink Large Millimeter Telescope, March 19, 2014, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150301023239weblink">weblink March 1, 2015, WEB, Birth of a Telescope : Space exploration the UMass Way,weblink University of Massachusetts Amherst, March 19, 2014, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140318223120weblink">weblink March 18, 2014, It was inaugurated in Mexico in 2006 (on top of Sierra Negra).A team of scientists at UMass led by Vincent Rotello has developed a molecular nose that can detect and identify various proteins. The research appeared in the May 2007 issue of Nature Nanotechnology, and the team is currently focusing on sensors, which will detect malformed proteins made by cancer cells.UMass Amherst Scientists Create Nano Nose With Aim of Sniffing Out Diseased Cells, UMass Amherst, April 23, 2007. {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070526121834weblink |date=May 26, 2007 }}Also, UMass Amherst scientists Richard Farris, Todd Emrick and Bryan Coughlin led a research team that developed a synthetic polymer that does not burn. This polymer is a building block of plastic, and the new flame-retardant plastic will not need to have flame-retarding chemicals added to their composition. These chemicals have recently been found in many different areas from homes and offices to fish, and there are environmental and health concerns regarding the additives. The newly developed polymers would not require addition of the potentially hazardous chemicals.UMass Amherst Scientists Create Fire-Safe Plastic, UMass Amherst, May 30, 2007. {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071104000415weblink |date=November 4, 2007 }}Environmental researchUMass Amherst researchers have positioned the campus as a national leader in sustainability.{{citation needed|date=June 2012}}Economics professor Robert Pollin has influenced the national discussion about how best to stimulate the US economy and promote sustainability. He and colleagues at the Political Economy Research Institute have developed a plan for national recovery that shows, for example, that investing in clean energy (wind power, solar, and biofuels) will create about three times as many good-paying jobs than conventional projects will, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on foreign oil.{{citation needed|date=June 2012}}Since September 2009, the campus has won more than $36 million in competitive stimulus grants. These include:{{citation needed|date=June 2012}}
  • $7.1 million in grants from the National Science Foundation to approximately 20 separate researchers.
  • $16 million from the Department of Energy to establish an Energy Frontier Research Center on campus to develop highly efficient non-silicon polymer materials for harvesting solar energy.
  • $1.9 million to chemical engineer George Huber to further develop bio-fuels from inedible corn stalks, bark, wood waste, and similar biomass.
Other significant research in environmentally safe technology among UMass Amherst faculty includes:
  • Microbiologist Susan Leschine has raised $25 million to commercialize technology that converts plant waste into ethanol using the Q microbe, discovered in the Quabbin Reservoir just east of the campus.
  • James Manwell, director of the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, leads testing on large wind-turbine blades at a new federal facility in Boston after helping construct two municipal wind turbines in Hull, Massachusetts.
  • Microbiologist Derek Lovley discovered Geobacter, a tiny biological structure that can clean up groundwater and produce electricity through conductive microbial nanowires.
  • The Northeast Climate Science Center, one of four national offices designated by the Department of the Interior is located at the University of Massachusetts.|

Admissions and Enrollment

(File:University Admissions Center (Mather House).jpg|200px|thumb|Mather House, the admissions office at the university.)Applications to the school have more than doubled since the Fall of 2003, and increased more than 80% since 2005.WEB, UMass Amherst Welcomes Highest-Achieving First-Year Class When School Opens Labor Day Weekend, UMass,weblink August 28, 2012, August 29, 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120901031802weblink">weblink September 1, 2012, WEB, For Fifth Straight Year, UMass Amherst Welcomes Highest-Achieving First-Year Class as Students Return to Flagship Campus, UMass,weblink August 31, 2015, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150901184055weblink">weblink September 1, 2015, In 2015, a record high of 40,010 applications were received, with 58% of applicants being accepted, and 1.6% being accepted to the Commonwealth Honors College.The incoming Class of 2022 had an average high school GPA of 3.90 out of a 5.0 weighted scale, up from an average GPA of 3.83 the year before. The average SAT score of the Class of 2022 was 1294/1600, and on average the students ranked in the top fifth of their high school class. Acceptance to the Commonwealth Honors College program of UMass Amherst is even more selective with an average SAT score of 1409/1600 and an average weighted high school GPA of 4.29.WEB,weblink UMass Amherst Welcomes its Most Academically Accomplished and Diverse First-Year Class, October 1, 2018, {| class="wikitable"Demographics of student body - Fall 2018See Demographics of the United States for references.HTTP://WWW.UMASS.EDU/DIVERSITY/DATA-POLICIES, Data {{!, Diversity Matters|website=www.umass.edu|access-date=2019-08-13}}WEB,weblink Student Body and Admissions Statistics {{!, Undergraduate Admissions {{!}} UMass Amherst|website=www.umass.edu|access-date=2019-08-13}}! !! Undergraduate !! Graduate !! U.S. Census!African American| 12.2%!Asian American| 4.7%!Caucasian| 63.7%!Hispanic / Latino| 16.4%! Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander| 0.2%!Native American| 0.7%! Two or More Races| 1.9%!International student| N/AFirst Year Student StatisticsWEB,weblink Selected Undergraduate Admissions and Enrollment Statistics: Fall 2008-Fall 2017 Publisher=UMass Amherst Office of Institutional Research, September 29, 2017, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20180327091954weblink">weblink March 27, 2018, {| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"!   !! 2017 !! 2016 !! 2015 !! 2014 !! 2013 !! 2012 !! 2011 !! 2010 !! 2009 !! 2008! Applicants| 28,931! Admits| 18,601! % Admitted| 64.3! Enrolled| 4,144! Average SAT| 1155! HS GPA| 3.56This table does not account deferred, transfer applications or other unique situations.

Overseas

Head of Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management at the UMass Amherst, Dr Haemoon Oh, presented the International Hospitality Academy summer programme to BNU-HKBU UIC students on March 16.WEB,weblink University of Massachusetts Hospitality Academy welcomes UIC students - UIC, uic.edu.hk, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150408012135weblink">weblink April 8, 2015, mdy-all, April 8, 2015,

Campus

{{See also|Chestnut Ridge Historical Area|East Ridge Historical Area|Ellis Drive Historical Area}}The University's campus is situated on 1,450 acres, mainly in the town of Amherst, but also partly in the neighboring town of Hadley. The campus extends about {{convert|1|mi}} from the Campus Center in all directions and may be thought of as a series of concentric rings, with innermost ring harboring academic buildings and research labs, surrounded by a ring of the seven residential areas and two University owned apartment complexes. These include North Apartments, Sylvan, Northeast, Central, Orchard Hill, Southwest, Commonwealth Honors College Residential Complex, as well as the two University owned apartment complexes, North Village and Lincoln Apartments. These are in turn surrounded by a ring of athletic facilities, smaller administration buildings, and parking lots.The campus has its own Combined Heat and Power (CHP) generation facility. The plant, which was dedicated in 2009 after ten years of planning, replaced a coal burning power plant dating back to 1918 and has reduced the campus' greenhouse gas emissions by approximately 75%. In 2011, the CHP was recognized as the cleanest plant of its size in New England and has been recognized for maintaining 80% efficiency over six consecutive quarters. In 2008, the CHP received the weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120425080417weblink">Combined Cycle Journal Pacesetter Award for the best Combined Heat and Power plant project in the US that year. The award refers to its innovative design, efficiency, reliability, system redundancy, and environmental benefits. In 2009, the CHP received the Sustainable Campus Leadership Award from the International District Energy Association. The award states it was given "In recognition of exemplary public leadership in advancing energy efficiency and global environmental stewardship through investment in an innovative district energy system." The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) presented the University of Massachusetts with the weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20121202014139weblink">2011 Combined Heat and Power Energy Star Award in an effort to recognize the reduced emissions and increased efficiency of the plant.File:W.E.B. DuBois Library.jpg|200px|left|thumb|The (W. E. B. Du Bois Library]] is the world's 2nd tallest libraryBOOK, Oswald, Godfrey, Library World Records, Second edition., 2008, McFarland, 978-0786438525, 656,weblink and the tallest university library."Ten Tallest Library Buildings" {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160105103747weblink |date=January 5, 2016 }}, Scribd.com)The W.E.B. Du Bois Library is one of two library buildings on campus and the tallest academic research library in the world, standing at 26 stories above ground and 286 feet (90.32 m) tall.WEB, W.E.B. Du Bois Library,weblink Emporis, December 11, 2009, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070930041306weblink">weblink September 30, 2007, Before its construction in the late 1960s, Goodell Hall was the University library, which was built after the library had outgrown its space in the 1885 "Old Chapel" building. Originally known as Goodell Library, the building was named for Henry H. Goodell, who had served as College Librarian, Professor of Modern Languages and English Literature, and eighth President of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. The Library is well regarded for its innovative architectural design, which incorporates the bookshelves into the structural support of the building.NEWS, Colleges' moves to shake up libraries speak volumes, Letzler, B, The Boston Globe, November 30, 2006, December 11, 2009,weblink no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20121023045015weblink">weblink October 23, 2012, It is home of the memoirs and papers of the distinguished African-American activist and Massachusetts native W. E. B. Du Bois, as well as being the depository for other important collections, such as the papers of the late Congressman Silvio O. Conte. The library's special collections include works on movements for social change, African American history and culture, labor and industry, literature and the arts, agriculture, and the history of the surrounding region.WEB, Special collections and university archives (SCUA), UMass Amherst,weblink December 11, 2009, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20091217055034weblink">weblink December 17, 2009, mdy-all, (File:Stockbridge Hall, UMass, Amherst MA.jpg|200px|thumb|right|Stockbridge Hall, Stockbridge School of Agriculture.)The Science and Engineering Library is the other library on campus, and is located in the Lederle Graduate Research Center Lowrise. UMass is also home to the DEFA Film Library, the only archive and study collection of East German films outside of Europe, and the Shirley Graham Du Bois Library in the New Africa House.The university has several buildings (constructed in the 1960s and 70s) of importance in the modernist style, including the Murray D. Lincoln Campus Center and Hotel designed by Marcel Breuer, the Southwest Residential Area designed by Hugh Stubbins Jr. of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, The Fine Arts Center by Kevin Roche, the W.E.B. Du Bois Library by Edward Durell Stone, and Warren McGuirk Alumni Stadium by Gordon Bunshaft. Many of the older dorms and lecture halls are built in a Georgian Revival style such as French Hall, Fernald Hall,Stockbridge Hall and Flint Laboratory.The campus facilities have undergone extensive renovations in during the late 1990s. New and newly renovated facilities include student apartment complexes, the Hampshire Dining Commons, a library Learning Commons, a School of Management, an Integrated Science Building, a Nursing Building, a Studio Arts Building, the Combined Heat and Power (CHP) generation facility, a track facility, and a Recreation Center. Newly completed construction projects on campus include the new Campus Police Station, the George N. Parks Minuteman Marching Band Building, the Life Sciences Laboratories, and the Integrated Learning Center.NEWS,weblink UMass Amherst Lists Building and Renovations Projects, Office of News & Media Relations {{!, UMass Amherst|access-date=2018-06-06|language=en}}(File:Sarah L. Arnold House.jpg|200px|right|thumb| Arnold House, part of Northeast Residential Area, the oldest residential area at UMass Amherst.)

Residential life

Residential Life at the University of Massachusetts Amherst is one of the largest on-campus housing systems in the United States. Over 14,000 students live in 52 residence halls, while families, staff, and graduate students live in 345 units in two apartment complexes (North Village and Lincoln). The fifty-two residence halls and four undergraduate apartment buildings are grouped into seven separate and very different residential areas: Central, Northeast, Orchard Hill, Southwest, Sylvan, North Apartments, and the recently constructed Commonwealth Honors College Residential Community (CHCRC). Each possesses its own distinctive characteristics, inspired in part by location, in part by architecture, and in part by the different cultural or academic living/learning programs housed within. Each residential area houses classrooms, recreational and social centers, kitchenettes, and cultural centers - in addition to the bedrooms, study areas, laundries, television rooms, and dining facilities you might expect. Each also has its own student governing body and is, in effect, a community unto itself. Located in the central corridor of campus, the Honors Community houses undergraduate members of Commonwealth Honors College. In this community, undergraduates, staff, and faculty share an interwoven mix of double, single, suite, and apartment-style living options spread across six halls. This area featured a 24-hour full-service cafe during its first year, but it soon became clear that 24-hour operation was not profitable. The cafe is closed between 1 a.m. and 7 a.m. during the school year and closed during the summer.WEB,weblink Roots Café - UMass Dining, www.umassdining.com, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150711080824weblink">weblink July 11, 2015, The community includes assembly and workshop rooms, as well as most Honors College programming and staff offices.

Major campus expansion

(File:Life Science Laboratory UMass 5.JPG|200px|right|thumb|260px|$160m Life Science Laboratories Building on the campus.WEB,weblink UMass celebrates official opening of new $160 million life science building, masslive.com, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160303221328weblink">weblink March 3, 2016, )The University of Massachusetts Amherst campus embarked on a 10-year, $1 billionWEB, Five-year construction plan totals $1.1 billion at UMass,weblink Gazettenet.com, July 14, 2013, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150415212744weblink">weblink April 15, 2015, capital improvement program in 2004, setting the stage for re-visioning the campus's future.WEB, UMass Amherst Adopts Physical Master Plan, Creating Foundation for Development over the Next Half Century,weblink University of Massachusetts Amherst, January 19, 2013, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130201201140weblink">weblink February 1, 2013, WEB, UMass Amherst: Master Plan final document,weblink University of Massachusetts Amherst, January 19, 2013, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130406181154weblink">weblink April 6, 2013, This includes construction of $156 million New Science Laboratory Building, $30 million Champions Basketball Center, an $85 million academic building, and $30 million in renovations to the football stadium.WEB, Building up: UMass-Amherst campus expands,weblink University of Massachusetts Amherst, May 14, 2013, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120304004024weblink">weblink March 4, 2012, In early 2016, the construction of a new electrical substation located near Tillson farm was completedWEB,weblink New Electrical Substation Increases Reliable Supply of Electricity for Campus, Office of News & Media Relations {{!, UMass Amherst|language=en|access-date=2019-08-13}}. The purpose of the substation is to supply electricity to the university more efficiently and reliably, with estimated savings of $1 million per year. The project was created in partnership with the utilities company Eversource, and cost approximately $26 million. The new electrical substation works in conjunction with the university's pre-existing combined heat and power (CHP) plant.In April 2017, the University of Massachusetts Amherst officially opened its new Design Building. Previously estimated at $50 million,WEB,weblink UMass Amherst has new projects in design phase, including physical sciences building, masslive.com, January 28, 2014, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140202231737weblink">weblink February 2, 2014, the 87,000-square-foot facility is the most advanced CLT building in the U.S. and the largest modern wood building in the northeastern United States.NEWS,weblink Photos: UMass Amherst opens new Design Building, largest modern wood structure in the Northeastern US, masslive.com, April 25, 2017, en-US, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170428184956weblink">weblink April 28, 2017,

Mount Ida Campus of UMass Amherst

On April 6, 2018, Mount Ida College announced that the University of Massachusetts would be absorbing its campus. Mount Ida students were given a guaranteed transfer to UMass Dartmouth, and the campus became part of UMass Amherst. The campus was named Mount Ida Campus of UMass Amherst and functions as a satellite campus for UMass Amherst. The campus primarily serves as a hub for Greater Boston-area career preparation and experiential learning opportunities for UMass Amherst students. The programs that are offered at the newly acquired campus will align the strengths of UMass Amherst with the growing demand for talent in areas that drive the Massachusetts economy, including health care, business, computer science and other STEM specialties.WEB,weblink Mount Ida College Reaches Agreement with UMass Regarding Educational Continuity for Students with Acquisition of its Campus, April 6, 2018,

Campus safety

UMass Amherst implements a multitude of services to ensure safety on and off campus for all students. On-campus residence halls are constantly monitored and secured. There are cadets stationed at the entrances that monitor the area while students are signed into the building. Anyone who does not live in that specific building has to be signed in by a friend with legitimate identification to ensure the safety of everyone in that residence hall. In addition, there are about 350 security cameras constantly monitoring every residence hall and the doors are always locked. The only way to enter is with a student ID registered to that specific building.There is a system of “HELP” phones on campus. The "HELP" phone network is composed of approximately 110 emergency phones scattered about campus, and are available for people to use for emergency calls if they feel they are in danger or in an uncomfortable situation. These phones are easily recognizable by their bright blue light and have an emergency button that anyone can press which will automatically connect them to the UMass Police Department. This will alert the police to the users exact position so that they can send appropriate assistance.WEB,weblink Personal Security, umass.edu, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20141006032248weblink">weblink October 6, 2014, UMass Amherst also provides alerts via students' school e-mail, as well as text messages if they so choose. These alerts create awareness of any suspicious or criminal behavior occurring on or around campus. It creates an environment where students are always conscious of their surroundings and know exactly what is going on.WEB,weblink Campus Health and Safety Resources, umass.edu, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20141017055848weblink">weblink October 17, 2014, The UMass Amherst police department (abbreviated as UMPD)WEB,weblink Home - UMPD - UMass Amherst, www.umass.edu, 2019-08-13, WEB,weblink UMPD Contact Information - UMPD - UMass Amherst, www.umass.edu, 2019-08-13, operates 24/7 and is accessible by dialing 911 (from a university owned landline) or (413) 545-3111 for emergencies, or 413- 577-8477 for non-emergencies and to leave confidential tips. Calling 911 from a cell phone will typically redirect users to the state-operated dispatch rather than UMPD. To ensure commuter safety the UMass Police Department employs a safety and escort service that offers a safe escort across campus every night. The UMPD has several specialized units that make up the department including bicycle, K-9, motorcycle, and mounted horseback units as well as foot and vehicle patrol.The Police Cadet program has been a part of the UMPD since 2000. It is viewed as a successful program by the department and the UMass community since the cadets are an important part of the police department. Their presence can be seen mostly in the residential areas, where the cadets work very closely with police officers and Residence Hall Security.Cadets take part in a two-week "boot-camp"-style training in preparation for the position. The training consists of police techniques, performing foot patrols, parking enforcement, prisoner watch, and other functions to free officers. The cadets operate as the eyes and the ears of the police department as they can see and hear what the officers cannot, preventing problems and their escalation.In the past, there had been several occurrences of large non-school sponsored gatherings labeled as riots, where UMass officials had been called in.WEB,weblink UMass police arrest 15 after Red Sox World Series win, GazetteNet.com, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150709175323weblink">weblink July 9, 2015, After the Red Sox won the World Series in 2013, an estimated 3,000 students gathered in the outdoor space around South West Residence Hall. In response to the situation, UMass police officials were called in. Police accounts state that some students participated in disruptive behavior: knocking over trash bins and climbing trees. Rubber bullets and tear gas were dispersed into the crowds. According to WGGB,WEB,weblink 2013 World Series Riots: UMass Amherst Students Riot after Red Sox Win - BostInno, October 31, 2013, BostInno, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20141015043408weblink">weblink October 15, 2014, 14 people were arrested for failing to disperse and 1 for disorderly conduct. Whether or not the use of police force was necessary is still a controversial topic among students, the administration, and UMass and Amherst Police Department.A similar situation had occurred after the Patriots lost the Super Bowl in 2012. Officials donning riot gear used smoke grenades to disperse the crowds. Luckily there were no injuries. Riots like these are not unheard of within the UMass community and go as far back as 1986. The majority of the events are categorized as seemingly peaceful by many students, stating that they consist mainly of students standing around, chanting and singing. There is also still debate among UMass students as to whether or not the term “riot” applies to a lot of the occurrences since they seldom involve violence or aggressive behavior from the vast majority of students present. Nevertheless, each event is met with police interference due to a fear of the unsafe environments that large unattended crowds could create. In the past there has been friction between members of the student body and the UMass Police Department around their methods of crowd control; students have been displeased with what they see as unnecessary force.According to MassLive,WEB,weblink Riot police disperse 1,500 students at UMass-Amherst following Super Bowl, masslive.com, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20141015101131weblink">weblink October 15, 2014, other riots include one in 2007 after the Boston Red Sox lost in the 2008 playoffs, another when they lost in the World Series run in 2006, one after UMass' football team lost in the Division I-AA football championship in 2006, one after the Red Sox World Series victory in 2004, another after the Red Sox lost during the 2003 playoffs, one after the Patriots first Super Bowl victory over St. Louis in 2001 and another in 1986 after the Red Sox World Series loss. The majority of these riots have been non-violent on the side of the students, except for the 1986 riot in which an argument between hundreds of students intensified into racial altercations where a black student was attacked by 15-20 white students and beaten unconscious according to archives from The Republican. Videos and visual accounts of most of these events can be found online. In the wake of these events students have worked and are continuously working to start open dialogues with the administration and police department about campus safety, the right to gather, police force and better methods of crowd control.The Boston GlobeWEB,weblink UMass police helped keep student's addiction secret - Metro - The Boston Globe, BostonGlobe.com, no,weblink July 2, 2017, reported on the death of a student only called Logan, who died from a heroin overdose after working as a confidential informant for the UMass police department. After UMass police arrested Logan for selling LSD, he was offered the opportunity to work as a confidential informant in exchange for his freedom. UMass police did not suspect he was using drugs like heroin. Soon after the Globe's story was published, Chancellor Kumble Subbaswammy suspended the use of the program and required UMass Police to report to the Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs and Campus Life instead of theWEB,weblink Chancellor Statement Globe Article, Scribd, no,weblink October 14, 2014, Vice Chancellor for Administration and Finance.WEB,weblink Following heroin death, UMass Amherst right to suspend policy of informants, BostonGlobe.com, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160304083053weblink">weblink March 4, 2016,

Iranian student admissions controversy

UMass Amherst issued an announcement in early 2015 stating: "the University has determined that it will no longer admit Iranian national students to specific programs in the College of Engineering (i.e., Chemical Engineering, Electrical & Computer Engineering, Mechanical & Industrial Engineering) and in the College of Natural Sciences (i.e., Physics, Chemistry, Microbiology, and Polymer Science & Engineering) effective February 1, 2015."UMass Amherst Procedures on Admission of Iranian Students {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150214002306weblink |date=February 14, 2015 }}. umass.edu. Retrieved on February 13, 2015 The University claims that this announcement was posted because a graduate student entered Iran for a project and was later denied a visa. This event along with urging from legal advisers contributed to the belief that such incidents inhibited their ability to give Iranian students a "full program of education and research for Iranian students" and thus justified changing their admissions policies. The ensuing criticism on and off campus, as well as wide media publicity, changed the minds of school officials. As a result, UMass made a statement on February 18 committing to once again allowing Iranian students to apply to the aforementioned graduate programs.WEB,weblink UMass Amherst Will Accept Iranian Students into Science and Engineering Programs, Revising Approach to Admissions, February 18, 2015, May 25, 2015, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150525011208weblink">weblink May 25, 2015, On the same day, an official in the U.S. Department of State stated in an interview that: "U.S. laws and regulations do not prevent Iranian people from traveling to the United States or studying in engineering program of any U.S. academic institutions."U.S. foreign minister: There is no program or law that prevents Iranian from studying in U.S. {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150216125804weblink |date=February 16, 2015 }} bbc.co.uk. Retrieved February 14, 2015 UMass Amherst replaced the ban with a policy aimed at designing specific curricula for admitted Iranian nationals based on their needs. While less controversial, this policy has still generated backlash, with one student saying "this university that's supposed to be so open-minded forcing him to sign a document saying he won’t go home and build a bomb or something is just really disappointing to see."NEWS,weblink UMass reverses policy on Iranian students, Steve, Annear, Eric, Bosco, The Boston Globe, February 18, 2015, May 25, 2015, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150525075556weblink">weblink May 25, 2015,

Student life

Arts on campus

(File:University Museum of Contemporary Art, UMass, Amherst MA.jpg|right|thumb|250px|The University Museum of Contemporary Art at UMass Amherst.)The UMass Amherst campus offers a variety of artistic venues, both performance and visual art. The most prominent is Fine Arts Center (FAC) built in 1975. The FAC brings nationally known theater, music and dance performances to campus throughout the year into its performance spaces (Concert Hall, Bezanson Recital Hall, and Bowker Auditorium). These include several popular performance series: Jazz in July Summer Music Program, The Asian Arts & Culture Program, Center Series, and Magic Triangle Series presenting music, dance and theater performances, cultural arts events, films, talks, workshops, masterclasses and special family events. University Museum of Contemporary Art in the FAC has a permanent contemporary art collection of about 2,600 works and hosts numerous visual arts exhibitions each year as well as workshops, masterclasses and artist residencies.University of Massachusetts Fine Arts Center: UMCA page, 'About' {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304003412weblink |date=March 4, 2016 }}. Last Updated: 2011. Accessed: May 14, 2011.The 9,000-seat Mullins Center, the multi-purpose arena of UMass Amherst hosts a wide variety of performances including speakers, rock concerts, and Broadway shows. In addition, the Music, Dance, and Theater Departments, the Renaissance Center, and multiple student groups dedicated to the arts provide an eclectic menu of performances throughout the year.The Interdepartmental Program for Film Studies has been organizing the Massachusetts Multicultural Film Festival on campus since 1991.Massachusetts Multicultural Film Festival {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160226071757weblink |date=February 26, 2016 }}. Last Updated: 2013. Accessed: March 2, 2013.

Groups and activities

(File:University of Massachusetts Amherst Student Union.jpg|250px|thumb|Student Union.|alt=Red brick building with large windows, tall central tower, and green ivy growing on the facade)(File:Amherst Massachusetts.jpg|thumb|250px|UMass Amherst looking southeast from the air.)(File:University of Massachusetts at Amherst campus view trees and pathway.JPG|thumb|250px|Campus scene.)(File:Coolidge Hall and Kennedy Hall, UMass Amherst, Amherst MA.jpg|thumb|250px|Coolidge Hall and Kennedy Hall, dormitories at the university.)(File:Fine Arts Center.jpg|thumb|250px|Fine Arts Center at the campus.)UMass Amherst has a history of protest and activism among the undergraduate and graduate populationNEWS,weblink UMASS STUDENT STRIKE FUELS SPIRIT OF ACTIVISM, November 18, 1989, February 17, 2011, Boston Globe, Anthony, Flint, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110629004352weblink">weblink June 29, 2011, and is home to over 200 registered student organizations (RSOs).

SGA

The Student Government Association (SGA) is the undergraduate student governmental body, and provides funding for the many registered student organizations (RSOs) and agencies, including the Student Legal Services Office (SLSO) and the Center for Student Business (CSB). The SGA also makes formal recommendations on matters of campus policy and advocates for undergraduate students to the Administration, non-student organizations, and local and state government. The SGA has a budget of approximately $3 million per year which is collected from students in the form of the $131 per year Student Activities Fee (as of Spring 2017).{{citation needed|date=February 2017}} It is used to fund RSOs, Agencies and the SGA itself.

College Republicans

The College Republicans Club is a branch of the national College Republicans organization. It gained national recognition in April 2016 after it hosted The Triggering, a panel discussion featuring Milo Yiannopoulos, Steven Crowder, and Christina Hoff Sommers. The event devolved into a shouting match between protesters and supporters of the speakers, and a recording of the event went viral on the Internet.

Muslim Students Association

The Muslim Students Association (MSA) exists to facilitate the practice of Islam on campus. By bringing Muslims together and providing important services, the MSA creates an Islamic atmosphere allowing students to continue their spiritual journey while also successfully completing their studies. Hosting both social and religious events, the MSA is a community within a community. Jummah, halalfood, halaqas, and other services are regularly provided, and there are several big events throughout the year including the annual Eid/Ramadan Celebration and Islam Awareness Week.

UMass Permaculture

UMass Permaculture is one of the first university permaculture initiatives in the nation that transforms marginalized landscapes on the campus into diverse, educational, low-maintenance and edible gardens according to UMass officials.Permaculture garden at UMass gives new meaning to the phrase fresh vegetables {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160202041336weblink |date=February 2, 2016 }} The Daily Hampshire Gazette One of the most important aspects of UMass Permaculture is that it comes from the students and is ecologically and socially responsible. Rather than tilling the soil, a more sustainable landscaping method known as sheet mulching is employed. During November 2010, "about a quarter of a million pounds of organic matter was moved by hand",UMass Embraces Permaculture{{dead link|date=June 2012}} Food Service Director using all student and community volunteer labor and no fossil fuels on-site. The process took about two weeks to complete. Now, the Franklin Permaculture Garden includes a diverse mixture of "vegetables, fruit trees, berry bushes, culinary herbs and a lot of flowers that will attract beneficial insects."

ROTC

The Minuteman Battalion is the institution's Army ROTC battalion. Active on the Amherst campus, the program's Scabbard and Blade community service club is very active and represents UMass well throughout the year with food drives, assistance to local veteran's groups and assistance with the Medical Readiness Corps at UMass in preparing for large-scale medical disasters. Most students are on a full tuition scholarship. UMass-Amherst is the host program for the Pioneer Valley and Five Colleges Army ROTC programs including: Smith College, Mount Holyoke College, Amherst College, Hampshire College, Western New England University, Springfield College, Westfield State College and American International College (AIC).

Minuteman Marching Band

(File:Ummb06-09048.jpg|250px|thumb|The University of Massachusetts Minuteman Marching Band during a pre-game show.)UMass Amherst has the largest marching band in New England. The Minuteman Marching Band consists of over 390 members and regularly plays at football games. The band was led by John Jenkins from 1963 to 1977. In 1977 George N. Parks took over until his death in September 2010. Timothy Todd Anderson became the director in 2011. The Minuteman Band also won the prestigious Sudler Trophy in 1998 for excellence. The band is well known across the nation for its style and excellence, particularly for its battery and pit ensemble. The band also performs in various other places and events like the Collegiate Marching Band Festival in Allentown, Pennsylvania, Bands of America in Indianapolis, Symphony Hall, Boston, The Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, California, and on occasion Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Greek life

UMass is home to numerous fraternities and sororities, organized under four councils: IFC, NPC, NPHC, and the MGC. Currently, several sororities & fraternities have officially recognized housing in the area including national fraternity Phi Sigma Kappa, whose first chapter was founded at UMass in 1873, Theta Chi, Sigma Delta Tau, Iota Gamma Upsilon and Pi Kappa Alpha. Behind North Pleasant Street there are more fraternity and sorority houses such as Alpha Sigma Phi and Alpha Tau Gamma, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Sigma Kappa, and Pi Kappa Phi. Chi Omega is situated on Olympia Drive, on the northern outskirts of the campus. Kappa Sigma is also situated on North Pleasant Street just past Lederle and Totman. The university is also home to chapters of Alpha Sigma Phi, Delta Chi, Zeta Beta Tau and Tau Kappa Epsilon. Sororities without houses include Alpha Chi Omega and Epsilon Phi.Several Greek Life organizations had houses on North Pleasant Street until Alpha Tau Gamma, Inc., which owned a total of nine properties at one point, did not renew the leases at the request of the University. The North Pleasant Street houses were colloquially known as 'Frat Row'. Most of Alpha Tau Gamma's Properties houses were out of code and were razed in November 2006. Alpha Tau Gamma sold the land to the University for $2,500,000 in 2007.WEB,weblink Facilities and Campus Planning UMass Buys 5 Houses, April 24, 2007, "UMass Buys 5 Houses", Holly Angelo, The Republican, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071112060838weblink">weblink November 12, 2007, ATG, which is the Fraternity of the Stockbridge School of Agriculture, then donated $500,001 to endow a new Director of Stockbridge.

Media

The Massachusetts Daily Collegian

The Massachusetts Daily Collegian, the official newspaper of UMass Amherst, is published Monday through Thursday during the calendar semester. The Collegian is a non-profit student run organization which receives no funding from the University or from student fees. The Collegian operates entirely on advertising revenues. Founded in 1890, the paper began as Aggie Life, became the College Signal in 1901, the Weekly Collegian in 1914 and the Tri-Weekly Collegian in 1956. Published daily since 1967, the Collegian has been broadsheet since January 1994. The Daily Collegian is one of the largest daily college newspaper in New England and the country.

UVC-TV 19

The Union Video Center is the University of Massachusetts' student-run television station, located in the basement of the Student Union. UVC-TV 19 is part of the University's Housing Cable Services Network and airs on channel 19 to over 11,000 viewers on campus via a closed circuit system. UVC began as the Student Video Project in 1974, and was renamed the Union Video Center in 1978 after growing into a full-fledged television station. Today, UVC-TV 19 serves as an educational training facility on campus for full-time undergraduate students.

WMUA 91.1 FM

The student-operated radio station, WMUA, is a federally licensed, non-commercial broadcast facility serving the Connecticut River Valley of Western Massachusetts, Northern Connecticut, and Southern Vermont. Although the station is managed by full-time undergraduate students of the University of Massachusetts, station members can consist of various members of the University (undergraduate and graduate students, faculty and staff), as well as people of the surrounding communities. WMUA began as an AM station in 1949.

Athletics

UMass is a member of Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The university is a member of the Atlantic 10 Conference, while playing ice hockey in the Hockey East Association. The football team joined the Mid-American Conference (MAC), in order to play at Football Bowl Subdivision (the sport's highest level) with games played at Gillette Stadium in 2012.NEWS, John, Connolly, UMass moves up to FBS, Boston Herald, April 20, 2011, April 20, 2011,weblink no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110425031219weblink">weblink April 25, 2011, In March 2014, the MAC and UMass announced an agreement for the Minutemen football team to leave the conference after the 2015 season due to UMass declining an offer to become a full member of the conference. In the agreement between the MAC and the university, there was a contractual clause that had UMass playing in the MAC as a football-only member for two more seasons if UMass declined a full membership offer. UMass announced that it would look for a "more suitable conference" for the team.UMass Football Will Leave Mid-American Conference at End of 2015 - University of Massachusetts Official Athletic Site {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304093834weblink |date=March 4, 2016 }}. Umassathletics.com (March 26, 2014). Retrieved on 2014-04-12. UMass Amherst plays most of its home games at the 17,000-seat McGuirk Stadium on campus.UMass originally was known as the Aggies, later the Statesmen, then the Redmen. In a response to changing attitudes regarding the use of Native American–themed mascots, they changed their mascot in 1972 to the Minuteman, based on the historical "minuteman" relationship with Massachusetts; women's teams and athletes are known as Minutewomen.UMass football has enjoyed various levels of success over the years. As a founding member of the Yankee Conference, Massachusetts won 17 Yankee Conference Championships, appearing in one National Championship game during that timespan. They fell to Florida A&M in this inaugural Division 1-AA Championship, 35–28. UMass' success continued as they began competition in the Atlantic 10 Conference in 1997. They went on to win four more conference titles while playing in the A-10 and make two more appearances in the National Championship game, winning it all in 1998. In 2006 the Minutemen took home the last A-10 title (the A-10 handed off management of their football league to the Colonial Athletic Association after the season) and made their most recent Championship game appearance. Their most recent conference championship came in 2007, the inaugural season under the CAA name.Some journalists{{who|date=September 2017}}WEB, Thomas, Jeff, UMass rivalries with UConn and BC just make sense for all involved,weblink Masslive.com, January 7, 2014, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140107153113weblink">weblink January 7, 2014, consider Boston College, the University of New Hampshire, the University of Connecticut, and the University of Rhode Island their biggest sports rivals. Temple University has also been a strong rival in the Atlantic 10, but the rivalry came to an end when Temple moved all of its sports programs to the Big East Conference in 2013.{{citation needed|date=June 2012}}The UMass Amherst Department of Athletics currently sponsors Men's Intercollegiate Baseball, Basketball, Cross Country, Ice Hockey, Football, Lacrosse, Soccer, Swimming, and Indoor and Outdoor Track & Field. They also sponsor Women's Intercollegiate Basketball, Softball, Cross Country, Rowing, Lacrosse, Soccer, Swimming, Field Hockey, Indoor and Outdoor Track & Field, and Tennis. Club sports offered which are not also offered at the varsity level are Men's Wrestling, Men's Rowing, Men's Tennis, Women's Ice Hockey, Men's and Women's Rugby, Men's and Women's Bicycle Racing, and Men's and Women's Fencing. Men's and Women's Downhill Skiing have been re-certified as club sports following the April 2, 2009 announcement of their discontinuation as varsity sports.WEB,weblink UMass baseball program spared, but men's and women's skiing dropped from athletic budget, masslive.com, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160303202449weblink">weblink March 3, 2016, (File:UMassFootball1.jpg|center|thumb|600px|2010 UMass Football Team at Warren McGuirk Alumni Stadium.)

Notable alumni, faculty, and staff

Alumni

File:Russell Alan Hulse.jpg|Russell Hulse, Nobel Prize in Physics (1993)File:Catherine Coleman 2009.jpg|NASA astronaut Catherine ColemanFile:General Andrew P. Iosue May 5, 1986.JPEG|Gen Andrew IosueFile:DFIDs Permanent Secretary, Nemat Minouche Shafik (4624168174).jpg|16th Director of the LSE Nemat ShafikFile:JackWelchApril2012.jpg|Former Chairman and CEO of GE Jack WelchFile:Kyung-wha Kang.jpg|UN Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Kang Kyung-whaFile:T-Mobile John Legere at CES14.jpg|T-Mobile US CEO John LegereThere are 243,628 University of Massachusetts Amherst alumni worldwide.WEB, FactBook 2013-2014 : Alumni,weblink University of Massachusetts Amherst, May 12, 2014, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140512222238weblink">weblink May 12, 2014, mdy-all, UMass Amherst graduates include 1 Nobel prize winner,WEB, One Nobel. But why not more?,weblink Boston.com, June 2, 2013, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130602103344weblink">weblink June 2, 2013, 1 National Humanities Medal winner,WEB, AWARDS & HONORS: 2001 NATIONAL HUMANITIES MEDALIST: William Manchester,weblink National Endowment for the Humanities, February 1, 2014, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20131107001352weblink">weblink November 7, 2013, numerous Fulbright,WEB, UMass Amherst Has Record Number of Fulbright U.S. Student Program Grantees,weblink University of Massachusetts Amherst, May 6, 2014, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140506015542weblink">weblink May 6, 2014, Goldwater, Churchill,WEB, UMass Amherst Senior Morgan Opie Selected to Receive Churchill Scholarship,weblink University of Massachusetts Amherst, January 28, 2014, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140203180402weblink">weblink February 3, 2014, TrumanWEB, UMass junior Joseph Sklut wins national $30K scholarship,weblink The Massachusetts Daily Collegian, April 4, 2014, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140407084709weblink">weblink April 7, 2014, and Gates ScholarsWEB, UMass Amherst Student Benjamin Clemenzi-Allen Awarded Gates Cambridge Scholarship,weblink University of Massachusetts Amherst, April 4, 2014, no,weblink April 7, 2014, as well as several Pulitzer prize winners, Grammy, Emmy, and Academy Award winners. Notable UMass Amherst alumni include Greg Landry, Jeff Corwin, Buffy Sainte-Marie, Taj Mahal, Bill Paxton, William Monahan, Kenneth Feinberg, Bill Cosby,NEWS, Bill Cosby’s doctoral thesis was about using ‘Fat Albert’ as a teaching tool,weblink Strauss, Valerie, Washington Post, November 24, 2014, Natalie Cole,NEWS, Natalie Cole, singer and daughter of Nat King Cole, dies at 65,weblink Langer, Emily, Washington Post, January 16, 2016, Julius "Dr. J" Erving, Rick Pitino, Bill Pullman, Betty Shabazz, Briana Scurry, Jack Welch, John F. Smith Jr., Jean Worthley, Jeff Reardon, Brandon Tory, Mike Flanagan, and Richard Gere.

Notable honorary alumni

File:Shirley Ann Jackson World Economic Forum 2010.jpg|Shirley Jackson (DSc), Chair of the President's Intelligence Advisory BoardFile:DrRuthJSimmons.jpg|Ruth Simmons (DHL), 18th President of Brown UniversityFile:A card.jpg|Andrew Card, 21st White House Chief of Staff.File:Billie Jean King, 2016 (cropped).jpg|Billie King (DHL), former professional tennis player.

Faculty

File:2008JosephTaylor.jpg|Joseph Taylor Jr., Nobel Prize in Physics (1993)Notable faculty have included Sheila Bair, the former Chairman of the US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; Chuck Close, celebrated photorealist; Vincent Dethier, pioneer physiologist; Ted Hughes, British poet laureate; Max Roach, considered one of the most important jazz drummers in history; Lynn Margulis, famed biologist; Stephen Resnick, heterodox economist; James Tate, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet; and Robert Paul Wolff, in both philosophy and African-American studies. Current faculty of note include poet Peter Gizzi, T.S. Eliot Prize-winning poet Ocean Vuong, media critic Sut Jhally, and feminist economist Nancy Folbre.

See also

References

{{reflist|30em}}

Further reading

  • BOOK, Katharine Greider, UMass Rising: The University of Massachusetts Amherst at 150, Amherst, Massachusetts, University of Massachusetts Amherst Press, 2013, 978-1-55849-989-8,
  • JOURNAL, Einhorn Yaffee Prescott, Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc. and Pressley Associates, August 2009, University of Massachusetts Amherst Historic Building Inventory - Final Survey Report,weblink

External links

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