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University of Maryland, College Park
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{{Use mdy dates|date=May 2019}}{{redirect|University of Maryland|the Washington Metro station|College Park–University of Maryland station|the separate University of Maryland, Baltimore, including University of Maryland, Baltimore‘s Schools of Medicine, Law, Dentistry, Pharmacy, Nursing, and Social Work|University of Maryland, Baltimore|other uses|University of Maryland (disambiguation)}}{{ad|date=November 2018}}{{coord|38|59|15|N|76|56|24|W|region:US-MD_type:edu|display=title}}







factoids
HTTP://WWW.LIB.UMD.EDU/BLOGS/UNIVARCH_EXHIBITS/?P=291 >TITLE=ARCHIVAL ATTRACTIONS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND ARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20131102123951/HTTP://WWW.LIB.UMD.EDU/BLOGS/UNIVARCH_EXHIBITS/?P=291 DEAD-URL=YES, | motto_lang = ita| mottoeng = Strong deeds, gentle wordsFlagship#Colleges and universities in the United States>Flagship Public university#United StatesLand-grant university>Land-grantNational Sea Grant College ProgramNational Space Grant College and Fellowship Program>Space-grant| parent = University System of MarylandAssociation of American Universities>AAUAmerican Council on EducationAssociation of Public and Land-grant Universities>APLUBig Ten Academic AllianceConsortium of Universities of the Washington Metropolitan Area>CUWMAFields InstituteOak Ridge Associated UniversitiesSoutheastern Universities Research Association>SURAUniversitas 21Universities Research Association>URA| endowment = $640 million (2018)As of June 30, 2018.weblinkWallace LohWALLACE D. LOH APPOINTED PRESIDENT OF UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND WORK=UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND, COLLEGE PARKACCESSDATE=AUGUST 30, 2010, | provost = Mary Ann RankinDATE=2018 FORMAT=PDF, 2019-05-16, | administrative_staff = 5,481 (Fall 2016)| students = 41,200 (Fall 2018)WEBSITE=THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND TODAY, | postgrad = 10,438 (Fall 2018)College Park, Maryland>College Park| state = Maryland| country = U.S.38177641type:edu}}1340km2}}UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND FACTS AND FIGURES>URL=HTTPS://UNIVERSITYOFMARYLAND.MYUVN.COM/FACTS-FIGURES/PUBLISHER=UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND, October 21, 2018, ACCESSDATE=MAY 9, 2019, {{color box#FFFFFF}} {{color box#FFD200}}Maryland Terrapins>TerrapinsNCAA Division I – Big Ten Conference>Big TenMAISATestudo (turtle)>Testudowww.umd.edu}}| logo = University of Maryland wordmark.svg| logo_size = 250}}The University of Maryland, College Park (commonly referred to as the University of Maryland, UMD, or simply Maryland) is a public research university in College Park, Maryland.WEB,weblink The Top American Research Universities, The Top American Research Universities, 2010 Annual Report, The Center for Measuring University Performance,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120617210050weblink">weblink June 17, 2012, yes, January 21, 2012, Founded in 1856, UMD is the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland, and is the largest university in both the state and the Washington metropolitan area, with more than 41,000 students representing all fifty states and 123 countries, and a global alumni network of over 360,000.NEWS,weblink University of Maryland Facts and Figures, October 10, 2014, UMD Visitor Guide, October 21, 2018, en-US, Its twelve schools and colleges together offer over 200 degree-granting programs, including 92 undergraduate majors, 107 master's programs, and 83 doctoral programs.WEB, National Center for Education Statistics, Enrollment of the 120 largest degree-granting college and university campuses, by selected characteristics and institution: fall 2008, December 23, 2010, 2010,weblink UMD is a member of the Association of American Universities and competes in intercollegiate athletics as a member of the Big Ten Conference.The University of Maryland's proximity to the nation's capital has resulted in many research partnerships with the federal government;WEB,weblink Government Collaborations {{!, Division of Research |website=University of Maryland|language=en|access-date=October 31, 2017}} faculty receive research funding and institutional support from agencies such as the National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Department of Homeland Security.WEB,weblink Government Collaborations {{!, Division of Research |website=research.umd.edu|language=en|access-date=January 31, 2017}}WEB,weblink About START {{!, START.umd.edu|website=www.start.umd.edu|language=en|access-date=January 31, 2017}} It is classified as a first tier research universities in the country by the Carnegie Foundation,NEWS,weblink IU research Center to House Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education {{!, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching|date=October 7, 2014|work=Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching|access-date=December 26, 2017|language=en-US}}WEB,weblink Carnegie Classifications {{!, Institution Lookup: University of Maryland, College Park |website=carnegieclassifications.iu.edu|access-date=December 30, 2017}} and is labeled a "Public Ivy", denoting a quality of education comparable to the private Ivy League.BOOK, The public ivies: America's flagship public universities, Greene, Howard, Greene, Matthew, 2001, Cliff Street Books, 9780060934590, 1st, New York, 46683792, WEB,weblink Public Ivies, Public Ivy Schools, June 13, 2017, www.collegeatlas.org, English, UMD is consistently ranked among the top 100 universities both nationally and globally by several indices.WEB, University of Maryland, College Park,weblink U.S. News & World Report, U.S. News & World Report, October 11, 2018, WEB, CWUR 2015 - World University Rankings,weblink October 11, 2018, WEB, Top Colleges in the United States,weblink Forbes.com, Forbes, October 11, 2018, In 2016, the University of Maryland, College Park and the University of Maryland, Baltimore formalized their strategic partnership after their collaboration successfully created more innovative medical, scientific, and educational programs,NEWS,weblink Five-year-old UMD-UMB partnership has yielded medical and scientific programs, April 23, 2017, The Diamondback, November 20, 2017, as well as greater research grants and joint faculty appointments than either campus has been able to accomplish on its own.NEWS,weblink University of Maryland Strategic Partnership, October 10, 2016, UMD Office of the President, November 20, 2017, en, WEB,weblink GAM-SB1052 Summary 2016 Regular Session, mgaleg.maryland.gov, November 20, 2017, NEWS,weblink Partnership between U-Md. and Baltimore campuses is a go, Douglas-Gabriel, Danielle, April 9, 2016, Washington Post, November 20, 2017, en-US, 0190-8286, As of 2017, the operating budget of the University of Maryland is approximately $2.1 billion.WEB,weblink University of Maryland, College Park FY 2016 Total Operating Budget: Revenue, University of Maryland, WEB,weblink University of Maryland, College Park - University System of Maryland, www.usmd.edu, November 29, 2017, For the 2018 fiscal year, the university received a total of over $545 million in external research funding.WEB,weblink Facts and Figures {{!, Division of Research|website=research.umd.edu |access-date=October 7, 2018}} In October 2017, the university received a record-breaking donation of $219.5 million from the A. James & Alice B. Clark Foundation, ranking among the largest philanthropic gifts to a public university in the country.WEB,weblink Building Together: An Investment for Maryland, University of Maryland, en, October 30, 2017, NEWS,weblink A record-breaking gift to the University of Maryland: $219 million, Anderson, Nick, October 4, 2017, Washington Post, October 30, 2017, 0190-8286,

History

Early history

File:Charles Benedict Calvert - photo portrait seated.jpg|thumb|upright|Charles Benedict CalvertCharles Benedict CalvertOn March 6, 1856, the forerunner of today's University of Maryland was chartered as the Maryland Agricultural College. Two years later, Charles Benedict Calvert (1808–1864), a future U.S. Representative (Congressman) from the sixth congressional district of Maryland, 1861-1863, during the American Civil War and descendent of the first Lord Baltimores, colonial proprietors of the Province of Maryland in 1634, purchased {{convert|420|acre|km2}} of the Riversdale Mansion estate nearby today's College Park, Maryland.WEB,weblink Biography of Charles Benedict Calvert {{!, Special Collections and University Archives - Special Collections {{!}} UMD Libraries|website=www.lib.umd.edu|access-date=October 31, 2017}} Later that year, Calvert founded the school and was the acting president from 1859 to 1860.WEB,weblink University of Maryland History: Charles Benedict Calvert, www.umd.edu, November 18, 2017, On October 5, 1859, the first 34 students entered the Maryland Agricultural College.WEB, University of Maryland Timeline, June 18, 2010,weblink yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100628141020weblink">weblink June 28, 2010, The school became a land grant college in February 1864.

Bankruptcy and revival

File:UMD Morrill Hall.JPG|thumb|Morrill Hall, built in 1898, is the oldest academic building on campus.]]During the Civil War, Confederate soldiers under Brigadier General Bradley Tyler Johnson moved past the college on July 12, 1864 as part of Jubal Early's raid on Washington, D.C.WEB, Shaw, Benjamin, The Confederate Army's "Old South Ball" at the University of Maryland: Fact or Fiction?,weblink Boundary Stones, August 26, 2016, By the end of the war, financial problems forced the administrators to sell off {{convert|200|acre}} of land, and the continuing decline in enrollment sent the Maryland Agricultural College into bankruptcy. For the next two years the campus was used as a boys preparatory school. Following the Civil War, in February 1866 the Maryland legislature assumed half ownership of the school. The college thus became in part a state institution. By October 1867, the school reopened with 11 students. In the next six years, enrollment grew and the school's debt was paid off. In 1873, Samuel Jones, a former Confederate Major General, became president of the college.Twenty years later, the federally funded Agricultural Experiment Station was established there. During the same period, state laws granted the college regulatory powers in several areas—including controlling farm disease, inspecting feed, establishing a state weather bureau and geological survey, and housing the board of forestry. Morrill Hall (the oldest instructional building still in use on campus) was built the following year.

The Great Fire of 1912

(File:MAC fire 1912.jpg|thumb|The campus during the 1912 fire)On November 29, 1912, a fire destroyed the barracks where the students were housed, all the school's records, and most of the academic buildings, leaving only Morrill Hall untouched. There were no injuries or fatalities, and all but two students returned to the university and insisted on classes continuing. Students were housed by families in neighboring towns until housing could be rebuilt, although a new administration building was not built until the 1940s.A large brick and concrete compass inlaid in the ground designates the former center of campus as it existed in 1912.

Modern history

File:Univ of Maryland campus 1938.jpg|thumb|The University of Maryland campus as it appeared in 1938 before the dramatic expansion engineered by President Byrd ]]The state took control of the school in 1916, and the institution was renamed Maryland State College. That year, the first female students enrolled at the school. On April 9, 1920, the college became part of the existing University of Maryland, replacing St. John's College, Annapolis as the University's undergraduate campus.BOOK, Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy, Historical Sketch of the University of Maryland, School of Medicine (1807–1890), 1891, I. Friedenwald, BOOK, Tilghman, Tench Francis, The Early History of St. John's College in Annapolis, 1984, St. John's College Press, Annapolis, In the same year, the graduate school on the College Park campus awarded its first PhD degrees and the university's enrollment reached 500 students. In 1925 the university was accredited by the Association of American Universities.By the time the first black students enrolled at the university in 1951, enrollment had grown to nearly 10,000 students—4,000 of whom were women. Prior to 1951, many black students in Maryland were enrolled at the University of Maryland, Eastern Shore.WEB,weblink University of Maryland, Eastern Shore (1886– ) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed, The Black Past, July 1, 1970, December 10, 2011, In 1957, President Wilson H. Elkins made a push to increase academic standards at the university. His efforts resulted in the creation of one of the first Academic Probation Plans. The first year the plan went into effect, 1,550 students (18% of the total student body) faced expulsion.On October 19, 1957, Queen Elizabeth II of England attended her first and only college football game at the University of Maryland after expressing interest in seeing a typical American sport during her first tour of the United States. The Maryland Terrapins beat the North Carolina Tar Heels 21 to 7 in the historical game now referred to as "The Queen's Game".WEB,weblink Queen’s Game – Terrapin Tales, umdarchives.wordpress.com, August 31, 2018, File:Memorial Chapel at UMCP, front view off-center, August 21, 2006.jpg|thumb|left|upright|Memorial Chapel ]]Phi Beta Kappa established a chapter at the university in 1964. In 1969, the university was elected to the Association of American Universities. The school continued to grow, and by the fall of 1985 reached an enrollment of 38,679. Like many colleges during the Vietnam War, the university was the site of student protests and had curfews enforced by the National Guard.NEWS, The Baltimore Sun, U. of M. Calm as Curfew is Enforced; Mandel Vows To Back 300 Guardsmen With 9,700 More, August 7, 2010, May 19, 1970,weblink In a massive 1988 restructuring of the state's higher education system, the school was designated as the flagship campus of the newly formed University of Maryland System (later changed to the University System of Maryland in 1997), and was formally named the University of Maryland, College Park. All of the five campuses in the former network were designated as distinct campuses in the new system. However, in 1997 the Maryland General Assembly passed legislation allowing the University of Maryland, College Park, to be known simply as the University of Maryland, recognizing the campus' role as the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland.WEB, Office of University Communications, University of Maryland Identity Guide,weblink The other University System of Maryland institutions with the name "University of Maryland" are not satellite campuses of the University of Maryland, College Park. The University of Maryland, Baltimore, is the only other school permitted to confer certain degrees from the "University of Maryland".

21st century

In 2004, the university began constructing the {{convert|150|acre|adj=on}} "M Square Research Park," which includes facilities affiliated with the U.S. Department of Defense, Food and Drug Administration, and the new National Center for Weather and Climate Prediction, affiliated with The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).WEB,weblink M Square Research Park, University of Maryland, Msquare.umd.edu, June 26, 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20040724132523weblink">weblink July 24, 2004, yes, In May 2010, ground was broken on a new $128-million, {{convert|158068|sqft|m2|adj=on}} Physical Science Complex, including an advanced quantum science laboratory.WEB, Tune, Lee, Top Officials Cite Importance of Planned UM Physical Sciences Complex, June 18, 2010,weblink Wallace Loh became president of the university in 2010.The university's "Great Expectations" campaign from 2006 to 2012 exceeded $1 billion in private donations.WEB,weblink University of Maryland Hits $1 Billion Fundraising Goal, February 11, 2013, May 9, 2019, The university suffered multiple data breaches in 2014. The first resulted in the loss of over 300,000 student and faculty records.WEB,weblink University of Maryland computer security breach exposes 300,000 records, The Washington Post, August 20, 2017, A second data breach occurred several months later.WEB,weblink University of Maryland Reports 2nd Data Breach in 4 Weeks, August 20, 2017, The second breach was investigated by the FBI and Secret Service and found to be done by David Helkowski.WEB,weblink In his words: How a whitehat hacked a university and became an FBI target, Ars Technica, August 20, 2017, Despite the attribution, no charges were filed. As a result of the data breaches, the university offered free credit protection for five years to the students and faculty affected.WEB,weblink UMD to Offer Five Years of Credit Protection After Breach, NBC Washington, August 20, 2017, In 2012, the University of Maryland, College Park and the University of Maryland, Baltimore united under the MPowering the State initiative to leverage the strengths of both institutions.NEWS,weblink A Bold New Collaboration to Leverage UMD and UMB Resources, March 1, 2012, UMD Office of the President, November 20, 2017, WEB,weblink MPower Maryland {{!, MPower alliance with UMB results in innovative programs|date=April 9, 2013|website=mpower.maryland.edu |language=en-US|access-date=November 20, 2017}}NEWS,weblink Renewed push to combine UM College Park and UM Baltimore gains steam, Wells, Carrie, February 24, 2016, Baltimore Sun, November 20, 2017, en-US, The University of Maryland Strategic Partnership Act of 2016 officially formalized this partnership.The University of Maryland's University District Plan, developed in 2011 under President Wallace Loh and the College Park City Council, seeks to make the City of College Park a top 20 college town by 2020 by improving housing and development, transportation, public safety, local pre-K–12 education, and supporting sustainability projects.NEWS,weblink One vision: College Park 2020 panel discusses city’s future, The Diamondback, January 4, 2018, As of 2018, the university is involved with over 30 projects and 1.5 million square feet of development as part of its Greater College Park Initiative, worth over $1 billion in public-private investments.WEB,weblink University District Vision, collegeparkpartnership.org, January 4, 2018, The university's vision is to revitalize the campus to foster a dynamic and innovative academic environment, as well as to collaborate with the surrounding neighborhoods and local government to create a vibrant downtown community for students and faculty alike.NEWS,weblink University of Maryland is bringing upscale hotels, restaurants to College Park, Shaver, Katherine, January 1, 2018, Washington Post, January 4, 2018, 0190-8286, NEWS,weblink The Plan to Make College Park a College Town, February 23, 2015, Washingtonian, January 4, 2018, WEB,weblink Building a Greater College Park {{!, Division of Administration & Finance|website=vpaf.umd.edu|access-date=January 4, 2018}}

Academics

Profile

The University of Maryland offers 127 undergraduate degrees and 112 graduate degrees in thirteen colleges and schools:{{div col|colwidth=25em}} {{div col end}}Undergraduate education is centered on both a student's chosen academic program and the selection of core coursework to fulfill general education requirements.WEB,weblink CORE Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies Program – General Education, Ugst.umd.edu, January 19, 2011, December 10, 2011,

Programs

(File:UMD stairway.JPG|thumb|A stairway in South Campus)The university hosts "living-learning" programs which allow students with similar academic interests to live in the same residential community, take specialized courses, and perform research in those areas of expertise. An example is the Honors College, which is geared towards undergraduate students meeting high academic requirements and consists of several of the university's honors programs. The Honors College welcomes students into a community of faculty and undergraduates. The Honors College offers seven living and learning programs: Advanced Cybersecurity Experience for Students, Design Cultures and Creativity, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Honors Humanities, Gemstone, Integrated Life Sciences, and University Honors.WEB, University of Maryland, Honors College University of Maryland, June 18, 2010,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100610021941weblink">weblink June 10, 2010, yes,
  • Advanced Cybersecurity Experience for Students (ACES), started in 2013, is directed by Michel Cukier and run by faculty and graduate students. ACES students are housed in Prince Frederick Hall and take a 14 credit, two year curriculum that educates future leaders in the field of cybersecurity. ACES also offers a complementary two-year minor in cybersecurity.WEB,weblink About ACES - Advanced Cybersecurity Experience for Students, www.aces.umd.edu,
  • Design Cultures and Creativity (DCC), started in 2009, is directed by artist Jason Farman and run by faculty and graduate students. The DCC program encourages students to explore the relationship between emerging media, society, and creative practices.WEB,weblink Digital Cultures and Creativity, Dcc.umd.edu, August 31, 2018, DCC students are housed in Prince Frederick residence hall together and take a 16 credit, two year interdisciplinary curriculum which culminates in a capstone.WEB,weblink Digital Cultures and Creativity, Dcc.umd.edu, December 10, 2011,
  • Entrepreneurship and Innovation Program (EIP) is a living and learning program for Honors College freshmen and sophomores, helping build entrepreneurial mindsets, skill sets, and relationships for the development of solutions to today's problems.WEB, Maryland Technology Enterprise Institute, Mtech: Entrepreneurship and Innovation Program,weblink Through learning, courses, seminars, workshops, competitions, and volunteerism, students receive an education in entrepreneurship and innovation. In collaboration with faculty and mentors who have launched new ventures, all student teams develop an innovative idea and write a product plan.WEB, Maryland Technology Enterprise Institute, Mtech: Entrepreneurship and Innovation Program,weblink March 3, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120415021847weblink">weblink April 15, 2012, yes,
  • Honors Humanities is the honors program for beginning undergraduates with interests in the humanities and creative arts. The selective two-year living-learning program combines a small liberal arts college environment with the resources of a large research university.WEB,weblink Honors Humanities :: Home, Honorshumanities.umd.edu, April 23, 2012,
  • Gemstone is a multidisciplinary four-year research program for select undergraduate honors students of all majors. Under guidance of faculty mentors and Gemstone staff, teams of students design, direct and conduct research, exploring the interdependence of science and technology with society.WEB,weblink About Gemstone, Clark School of Engineering, Engineering, University of Maryland, Gemstone.umd.edu, April 23, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120502191550weblink">weblink May 2, 2012, yes,
  • Integrated Life Sciences (ILS) is the honors program for students interested in all aspects of biological research and biomedicine. The College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences has partnered with the Honors College to create the ILS program, which offers nationally recognized innovations in the multidisciplinary training of life science and pre-medical students. The objective of the ILS experience is to prepare students for success in graduate, medical, dental, or other professional schools.WEB, University of Maryland, College Park, About {{!, Integrated Life Sciences in the Honors College at University of Maryland |url=http://ils.umd.edu/about}}
  • University Honors (UH) is the largest living-learning program in the Honors College and allows students the greatest independence in shaping their education. University Honors students are placed into a close-knit community of the university's faculty and other undergraduates, committed to acquiring a broad and balanced education.WEB, University Honors, University of Maryland, UMD Honors – Current Students – University Honors Courses,weblink March 3, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120205003136weblink">weblink February 5, 2012, yes, Students choose from over 130 seminars exploring interdisciplinary topics in three broad areas: Contemporary Issues and Challenges, Arts and Sciences in Today's World, and Using the World as a Classroom.WEB, University Honors, University of Maryland, Honors College Program Comparison Chart, 2012–13,weblink March 3, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120321144818weblink">weblink March 21, 2012, yes,
  • The College Park Scholars programs are two-year living-learning programs for first- and second-year students. Students are selected to enroll in one of 12 thematic programs: Arts; Business, Society, and the Economy; Environment, Technology, and Economy; Global Public Health; International Studies; Life Sciences; Media, Self, and Society; Public Leadership; Science and Global Change; Science, Discovery, and the Universe; Science, Technology, and Society. Students live in dormitories located in the Cambridge Community on North Campus.WEB, University of Maryland, College Park Scholars, College Park Scholars, June 18, 2010, 2010,weblink
File:UMD mall view.JPG|thumb|right|A student working on McKeldin MallMcKeldin MallThe nation's first living-learning entrepreneurship program, Hinman CEOs, is geared toward students who are interested in starting their own business.WEB,weblink UMD Hinman CEOs, Hinmanceos.umd.edu, April 23, 2012, Students from all academic disciplines live together and are provided the resources to explore business ventures.The QUEST (Quality Enhancement Systems and Teams) Honors Fellows Program engages undergraduate students from business, engineering, and computer, mathematical, and physical sciences. QUEST Students participate in courses focused on cross-functional collaboration, innovation, quality management, and teamwork.ROBERT H. SMITH SCHOOL OF BUSINESS>TITLE=QUEST – ROBERT H. SMITH SCHOOL OF BUSINESS – UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND, COLLEGE PARK URL=HTTP://WWW.RHSMITH.UMD.EDU/QUEST/, The Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering (CEE) has also been long considered an outstanding engineering division of the university since its inception in 1908.HTTP://WWW.ENG.UMD.EDU/HTML/MEDIA/NLETTERS/CIVIL-REMARKS-SP08.PDF >TITLE=NEWSLETTER FORMAT=PDF, 2019-05-16, Other living-learning programs include: CIVICUS, a two-year program in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences based on the five principles of civil society;WEB, University of Maryland, CIVICUS Living and Learning Program, June 18, 2010, December 15, 2009,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100529191221weblink">weblink May 29, 2010, yes, Global Communities, a program that immerses students in a diverse culture (students from all over the world live in a community),WEB, Office of Undergraduate Studies, Global Communities – University of Maryland, June 18, 2010,weblink and the Language House,WEB, Liu, Phoenix, The Language House Website, June 18, 2010,weblink which allows students pursuing language courses to live and practice with other students learning the same language.

Faculty

The university's faculty has included four Nobel Prize laureates. The earliest recipient, Juan Ramón Jiménez, was a professor of Spanish language and literature and won the 1956 prize for literature. Four decades later, physics professor William Daniel Phillips won the prize in physics for his contributions to laser cooling, a technique to slow the movement of gaseous atoms in 1997. In 2005, professor emeritus of economics and public policy Thomas Schelling was awarded the prize in economics for his contributions to game theory. In 2006, adjunct professor of physics and senior astrophysicist at NASA John C. Mather was awarded the prize in physics alongside George Smoot for their work in the discovery of blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation. In addition, two University of Maryland alumni are Nobel Prize laureates; Herbert Hauptman won the 1985 prize in chemistry and Raymond Davis Jr. won the 2002 prize in physics.The university has many notable academics. Professor of mathematics Sergei Novikov won the Fields Medal in 1970 followed by alumnus Charles Fefferman in 1978. Alumnus George Dantzig won the 1975 National Medal of Science for his work in the field of linear programming. Professor of physics Michael Fisher won the Wolf Prize in 1980 (together with Kenneth G. Wilson and Leo Kadanoff) and the IUPAP Boltzmann Medal in 1983. James A. Yorke, a Distinguished University Professor of Mathematics and Physics and chair of the Mathematics Department won the 2003 Japan Prize for his work in chaotic systems. In 2013, professor of Physics Sylvester James Gates was awarded the National Medal of Science.WEB,weblink Barack Obama, Sylvester James Gates, The Big Story, May 29, 2015,

Research

On October 14, 2004, the university added {{convert|150|acre}} in an attempt to create the largest research park inside the Washington, D.C., Capital Beltway, known as "M Square."WEB, M Square Research Park, University of Maryland, June 18, 2010,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20040724132523weblink">weblink July 24, 2004, yes, (File:Glenn L. Martin Institute of Technology at UMCP, 2007.jpg|thumb|right|Glenn L. Martin Institute of Technology)The University of Maryland's location near Washington, D.C. has created strong research partnerships with government agencies. Many of the faculty members have funding from federal agencies such as the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health,WEB, Ottalini, David, Maryland Wins NIH Training Grant, June 18, 2010url=http://www.newsdesk.umd.edu/culture/release.cfm?ArticleID=752, NASA,WEB, University of Maryland, Clark School Leads NASA Project, June 18, 2010, 2010,weblink the Department of Homeland Security,START | About START {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080724071759weblink |date=July 24, 2008}} the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and the National Security Agency. These relationships have created numerous research opportunities for the university including:
  • taking the lead in the nationwide research initiative into the transmission and prevention of human and avian influenza.WEB, Ternes, Ellen, UM to Head National Avian Flu Research Project, June 18, 2010, January 20, 2005,weblink
  • creating a new research center to study the behavioral and social foundations of terrorism with funding from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • launching the joint NASA-University of Maryland Deep Impact spacecraft in early January 2005.
File:UMD Hornbake Library.JPG|thumb|left|upright|Hornbake LibraryHornbake LibraryThe University of Maryland Libraries provide access to scholarly information resources required to meet the missions of the university.The University of Maryland is an international center for the study of language, hosting the largest community of language scientists in North America, including more than 200 faculty, researchers, and graduate students, who collectively comprise the Maryland Language Science Center under the leadership of Professor Colin Phillips. Since 2008 the university has hosted an NSF-IGERT interdisciplinary graduate training program that has served as a catalyst for broader integrative efforts in language science, with 50 participating students and contributions from 50 faculty. The University of Maryland is also home to two key 'migrator' centers that connect basic research to critical national needs in education and national security: the Center for Advanced Study of Language (CASL) and the National Foreign Language Center (NFLC).The Center for American Politics and Citizenship provides citizens and policy-makers with research on issues related to the United States' political institutions, processes, and policies. CAPC is a non-partisan, non-profit research institution within the Department of Government and Politics in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences.The Space Systems Laboratory researches human-robotic interaction for astronautics applications, and includes the only neutral buoyancy facility at a university.The Joint Quantum Institute conducts theoretical and experimental research on quantum and atomic physics. The institute was founded in 2006 as a collaboration between the University of Maryland and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).NEWS, Lucibella, Michael, Maryland-NIST Joint Quantum Institute Reaches Critical Mass,weblink APS News, American Physical Society, The Center for Technology and Systems Management (CTSM) aims to advance the state of technology and systems analysis for the benefit of people and the environment. The focus is on enhancing safety, efficiency and effectiveness by performing reliability, risk, uncertainty or decision analysis studies.The Joint Global Change Research Institute was formed in 2001 by the University of Maryland and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The institute focuses on multidisciplinary approaches of climate change research.The Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering (CALCE) was formed in 1985 at the University of Maryland. CALCE is dedicated to providing a knowledge and resource base to support the development of electronic components, products and systems.The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) launched in 2005 as one of the Centers of Excellence supported by the Department of Homeland Security in the United States. START is focused on the scientific study of the causes and consequences of terrorism in the United States and around the world.WEB,weblink START.umd.edu -, start.umd.edu,

Admissions

Admission to Maryland is rated "more selective" by U.S. News & World Report.MAGAZINE,weblink U.S. News Best Colleges: University of Maryland—College Park, U.S. News & World Report, January 24, 2017, The university received 28,301 applications for the Class of 2019 (entering Fall 2015) and admitted 12,637 (44.7%) of applicants; but only 3,937 enrolled, an admissions yield of only 31%. For the Class of 2019, the middle 50% range of SAT scores of the enrolling freshmen was 590–690 for critical reading and 620–730 for math; the average high school grade point average (GPA) was 4.22.WEB,weblink University of Maryland Common Data Set 2015–2016, Part C, University of Maryland Office of Institutional Research, Planning & Assessment, January 24, 2017, Beginning with the 2017-18 admissions cycle, the University of Maryland uses the application provided by The Coalition for Access, Affordability, and Success,WEB,weblink University of Maryland, www.mycoalition.org, joining over 130 top public and private universities using the platform to streamline the college application process.NEWS,weblink University of Maryland Launches Coalition Application to Improve College Access, September 25, 2017, UMD Right Now: University of Maryland, November 18, 2017, en, WEB,weblink The Coalition FAQs {{!, UMD Undergraduate Admissions |website=www.admissions.umd.edu|access-date=November 18, 2017}} Starting in August 2018, the University of Maryland will waive the college application fee for U.S. military veterans and current service members applying for the 2019-2020 academic year.NEWS,weblink Veterans will be able to apply to UMD for free in 2018, Andemicael, Lillian, November 18, 2017, The Diamondback, November 18, 2017, According to The Washington Post in 2017, the University of Maryland in 2016 was more selective than in recent decades as the general increase in public school applications had helped Maryland then rise in apparent prestige, at the time appearing to be the ninth most selective public flagship university in the nation. Of course, this selectivity prestige was based on number of applicants versus those accepted, but not the quality of applicants.NEWS,weblink Thirty thousand applicants, one flagship: Inside admissions at U-Md., Anderson, Nick, December 26, 2017, Washington Post, December 30, 2017, 0190-8286,

Rankings









factoids
{|class="infobox" style="width: 22em;"! colspan="2" style="font-size: 100%; text-align: center;" |USNWR graduate school rankingsWEB, USNWR_Overall,weblink | Business| 47| Education| 32| Engineering| 24{|class="infobox" style="width: 22em;"! colspan="2" style="font-size: 100%; text-align: center;" |USNWR departmental rankings| Biological Sciences| 55| Chemistry| 41| Clinical Psychology| 31| Computer Science| 15| Earth Sciences| 32| Economics| 21| English| 30| Fine Arts| 82| History| 27| Mathematics| 17| Physics| 14| Political Science| 29| Psychology| 39| Public Affairs| 31| Public Health| 22| Sociology| 24The university is ranked as tied for 63rd in the 2019 U.S. News and World Report rankings of "National Universities" across the United States, and it is ranked tied for 20th nationally among public universities.MAGAZINE,weblink U.S. News Best Colleges Rankings – National Universities, U.S. News & World Report, September 14, 2016, In 2015, Business Insider ranked the University of Maryland #9 in their list of "Smartest Public Colleges in America" for the second year in a row.NEWS,weblink The 105 smartest public colleges in America, Wai, Jonathan, September 30, 2015, Business Insider, November 18, 2017, Goudreau, Jenna, The Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked Maryland as 43rd in the world in 2015. The 2017–2018 Times Higher Education World University Rankings placed Maryland 69th in the world. The 2016/17 QS World University Rankings ranked Maryland 131st in the world.The university is ranked among Peace Corps' 25 Top Volunteer-Producing Colleges for the seventh consecutive year in 2018.WEB,weblink Peace Corps Top Colleges 2018, Peace Corps, March 3, 2018, NEWS,weblink UMD Earns Top 20 Ranking as Peace Corps Volunteer Producer, March 1, 2018, UMD Right Now: University of Maryland, March 2, 2018, en, The University of Maryland is ranked among Teach for America's Top 20 Colleges and Universities contributing the greatest number of graduating seniors to its 2017 teaching corps.WEB,weblink 2017 Top Universities & Colleges — Teach for America, August 1, 2017, Teach For America, March 2, 2018, Kiplinger's Personal Finance 100 Best Values in Public Colleges 2015 ranked the University 9th for in-state students.WEB,weblink Kiplinger's Best College Values, www.kiplinger.com, For the fourth consecutive year in 2015, the university is ranked 1st in the U.S. for the number of Boren Scholarship recipients – with 9 students receiving awards for intensive international language study.NEWS,weblink UMD Students Lead the Nation in Boren Scholarships with Nine Awards, Brice, Leslie Anne, May 19, 2015, UMD Right Now: University of Maryland, March 2, 2018, en, The university is ranked as a Top Producing Institution of Fulbright U.S. Students and Scholars for the 2017-2018 academic year by the United States Department of State's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.WEB,weblink Fulbright Top Producing Institutions 2017-2018, Fulbright Program, March 2, 2018, NEWS,weblink Top Producers of Fulbright U.S. Scholars and Students, 2017-18, February 18, 2018, The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 2, 2018,weblink February 19, 2018, yes, In 2016, University of Maryland ranked in the Top 50 Online Colleges with the Highest Student Satisfaction by OnlineCollegePlan.com.WEB,weblink Top 50 Online Colleges with the Highest Student Satisfaction, OnlineCollegePlan.com, 2016, In 2017, the University of Maryland was ranked among the top 50 universities in the 2018 Best Global Universities Rankings by U.S. News & World Report based on its high academic research performance and global reputation.WEB,weblink Best Global Universities Rankings, 2017, U.S. News & World Report, NEWS,weblink UMD Named Top 50 Global University by U.S. News & World Report, Burroughs, Jennifer, October 27, 2017, UMD Right Now: University of Maryland, For the third consecutive year in 2018, the University of Maryland is ranked among the top 10 universities in The Princeton Review’s annual survey of the Top Schools for Innovation & Entrepreneurship.NEWS,weblink UMD Ranked in Top 10 for Innovation & Entrepreneurship Education for Third Straight Year, November 15, 2017, UMD Right Now :: University of Maryland, November 16, 2017, WEB,weblink Top Schools for Entrepreneurship 2018 Press Release {{!, Public Relations {{!}} The Princeton Review {{!}} The Princeton Review|website=www.princetonreview.com|access-date=November 16, 2017}}

Campus

File:UMD walkway trees.JPG|thumb|upright|Walkway along McKeldin MallMcKeldin Mall(File:Mckeldin Mall.jpg|thumb|McKeldin Mall in autumn)

Description

The campus of the university is noted for its red-brick Georgian buildings and its large central lawn, named McKeldin Mall, which is the largest academic mall in the United States.WEB, O'Connell, Kim A.,weblink Profile: University of Maryland School of Architecture, Traditional-building.com, June 26, 2010, WEB,weblink Conferences and Visitors Services: Campus Attractions, University of Maryland, White columns decorate many buildings, with around 770 columns existing on campus.WEB,weblink Mac To Millennium: Letter C, Lib.umd.edu, June 26, 2010, Spanning the university's {{convert|1250|acre|km2}} are 7,500 documented trees and garden plantings, leading the American Public Gardens Association to designate the campus the University of Maryland Arboretum & Botanical Garden in 2008.UM University Visitors Network, Arboretum and Botanical Garden {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100608032824weblink |date=June 8, 2010}} The designation has allowed the university to showcase species and gardens, including native plantings. There are arboretum tours, such as the centralized Tree Walking Tour which is based around McKeldin Mall and features 56 specimen trees.Additionally, there are nearly {{convert|400|acre|km2}} of urban forest located on campus and the National Arbor Day Foundation has named the university to its 'Tree Campus USA' list.WEB,weblink Arbor Day Foundation website, List of Tree Campus USA Schools, Arborday.org, April 23, 2012, The recreational Paint Branch Trail, part of the Anacostia Tributary Trails system, cuts through campus, as does the Paint Branch stream, a tributary of the Northeast Branch Anacostia River.WEB,weblink Maryland Atlas of Greenways, Water Trails, and Green Infrastructure, Dnr.state.md.us, April 23, 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150219153107weblink">weblink February 19, 2015, McKeldin Mall serves as the center of campus. On the east and west ends of McKeldin Mall lie the Main Administration Building and McKeldin Library. Academic buildings surround McKeldin Mall on the north and south ends, and are the homes to many departments in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences, College of Arts and Humanities, and the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. West of McKeldin Mall is the North Hill Community, and south of McKeldin Mall lies Morrill Hall and the Morrill Quad, which was the original center of campus. South of the Morrill Quad are the South Hill and South Campus Commons Communities, and to the southwest is the Southwest Mall and the Robert H. Smith School of Business. Running parallel to McKeldin Mall to the north is Campus Drive, the main thoroughfare through campus.The Adele H. Stamp Student Union sits along Campus Drive near the center of campus, and serves as a transit center for campus, where Shuttle-UM (the university's bus service) and municipal buses pick up and drop off passengers. Hornbake Plaza home to Hornbake Library and several buildings housing academic departments also lies on Campus Drive, east of Stamp.(File:UMD Armory.JPG|thumb|The Armory)(File:UMD South VCommons.JPG|thumb|Near the South Commons residential area)(File:Path on the left hand side of McKeldin mall in winter.JPG|thumb|Campus walkway in the winter)Outside of the Stamp Student Union on Campus Drive is the Jim Henson Statue and Memorial Garden, in honor of the late Jim Henson, a Maryland alumnus. A likeness of Henson is seated on a park bench, facing arguably his most famous creation, Kermit the Frog.WEB, Ottalini, David, Jim Henson Statue and Memorial Garden Media Kit :: University Communications Newsdesk, University of Maryland, June 18, 2010, September 25, 2001,weblink To the north and northwest of Stamp and Hornbake Plaza are the North Campus communities, Maryland Stadium, the Eppley Recreation Center (the main gym on campus), the XFINITY Center, and the Wooded Hillock, a {{convert|22|acre|adj=on}} forest located next to the XFINITY Center; Stadium Drive runs between the more southern Maryland Stadium and the rest of these. The Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center sits to the west of Maryland Stadium.File:UMD M Circle.JPG|thumb|"M" Circle"M" CircleAnother thoroughfare, Regents Drive, runs perpendicular to McKeldin Mall and is home to the Memorial Chapel and the Campus Farms. Regents Drive crosses Campus Drive at the campus hallmark "M" Circle, which is a traffic circle with a large "M" formed by flowers in its center.WEB,weblink Mac To Millennium: Letter M, Lib.umd.edu, June 26, 2010, The northeast quadrant of campus, formed by Campus and Regent Drives, is home to many of natural sciences and applied sciences departments.The university is also divided by U.S. Route 1, known locally as "Baltimore Avenue." While most of campus lies to the west of Baltimore Avenue, fixtures such as fraternity row and the Leonardtown Communities lie to the east. Sitting on the western edge of Baltimore Avenue are the Visitors' Center, also known as The Dairy, The Reckord Armory, and The Rossborough Inn, which, built during the years of 1798 to 1812, is the oldest building on campus (and is older than the university itself).WEB,weblink The Rossborough Inn Marker, Hmdb.org, June 26, 2010, There are five regularly used entrances to campus; the main entrance, off of Baltimore Avenue and onto Campus Drive, is referred to as North Gate and features the Gatehouse, an ornate gateway honoring the university's founders.WEB,weblink Mac To Millennium: Letter G, Lib.umd.edu, June 26, 2010, The {{convert|140|acre|adj=on}}, 18-hole University of Maryland Golf Course sits at the northern edge of campus, as does the Observatory. The campus is also home to one of the root servers, responsible for operating DNS.

Sustainability

File:UMD McKeldin sundial.JPG|thumb|The sundial in the center of McKeldin Mall, with McKeldin LibraryMcKeldin LibraryThe four-person Office of Sustainability was created in summer 2007 after University President Dan Mote became charter signatory of the American College and Universities Presidents Climate Commitment (ACUPCC) with the goal of campus climate neutrality. The Climate Action Plan Work Group completed an inventory of campus emissions from 2002 to 2007, and finalized a Climate Action Plan in August 2009.WEB,weblink University of Maryland Climate Action Plan, Climate Action Plan Work Group, August 2009, American College & University Presidents' Climate Commitment, November 28, 2017,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160418151438weblink">weblink April 18, 2016, yes, According to the university's Climate Action Plan, Maryland aims to become carbon neutral by 2050.Campus Sustainability · University of Maryland. Sustainability.umd.edu. Retrieved on August 17, 2013. All new constructions and major renovations must satisfy LEED-Silver certification requirements. The office has promoted several initiatives, including an increase in the campus recycling rate from 17% in 2003 to 89% in 2014.WEB,weblink Recycle and Compost {{!, University of Maryland Office of Sustainability|website=sustainability.umd.edu |access-date=November 16, 2017}} In 2008, the recycling rate rose from 37% to a 54% due in part to the "Feed the Turtle" program for home football games.WEB, UM Sustainability Snapshot, University of Maryland,weblink June 8, 2009, Although recycling rates have increased across campus, not every bin is able to be recycled due to high contamination rates on some parts of campus. For example, as of 2017, the Stamp Student Union had 54% contamination rates in their recycling bins, which means that over half of the waste in the recycling bins at Stamp had to be thrown into the trash.WEB,weblink 27 Student Teams Receive Mini-Grants for their Do Good Efforts {{!, School of Public Policy|website=publicpolicy.umd.edu|access-date=February 25, 2018}} Power Shift, a national youth climate activism summit, was held at the University of Maryland in November 2007 with 6,000 individuals in attendance.WEB,weblink Climate Change Power Shift, The Nation, November 15, 2007, June 26, 2010, The university's first Leed Gold building, Knight Hall, opened in April 2010 as the new home for the Philip Merrill College of Journalism.WEB,weblink About Merrill | Philip Merrill College of Journalism, Merrill.umd.edu, May 18, 2006, June 26, 2010, Also in April 2010, the Princeton Review named the university one its "Green Colleges." WEB, Hartnett, Herb, UM Among Princeton Review's Green Colleges, June 18, 2010, April 20, 2010,weblink The university added solar panels in the spring of 2010 to the roof of "The Diner" dining hall in North Campus, and plans to add solar panels to the roof of Cole Field House, as well as additional campus buildings.NEWS, Cetrone, Dana, New solar panels on Diner's roof should save $1.7M annually, The Diamondback, June 18, 2010, February 24, 2010,weblink The university's announced {{convert|158068|sqft|m2|adj=on}} state-of-the-art Physical Sciences Complex (set to be completed in July 2013) will meet LEED-Silver certification requirements.WEB,weblink HDR, Inc. | One Company Many Solutions, Hdrcuh2a.com, April 23, 2012, WEB,weblink Physical Sciences Complex, Cmps.umd.edu, June 26, 2010,weblink June 26, 2010, yes, In 2008, the Office of Sustainability started the Sustainability Advisors program, in which teachers invite a peer educator to give a lecture covering sustainability concepts.Campus Sustainability · University of Maryland. Sustainability.umd.edu. Retrieved on August 17, 2013.The Office of Sustainability began an initiative called "The Chesapeake Project" in 2009, in which professors integrate sustainability education into pre-existing classes across every discipline.Campus Sustainability · University of Maryland. Sustainability.umd.edu (May 23, 2013). Retrieved on August 17, 2013. Participating professors attend a two-day workshop in late May to learn about environmental, economic, and social sustainability. All participants receive a $500 stipend. By the end of summer, workshop participants submit a revised course plan for at least one course offered the following academic year. Since the inaugural workshop in 2009, 71 professors have participated in the program, implementing sustainability education into over 80 courses across all 12 colleges at the school.Starting in 2010, the University System of Maryland and the Department of General Services began three projects that were to be continued for the next twenty years. The three projects included: a solar project in Mount St. Mary's University, a wind project in Western Maryland, and another wind project in West Virginia. The first of these projects, the solar project, is a 16 megawatt project. The first wind project is 10 megawatts, and the second is 55 megawatts.The projects will allow the university to receive 15 percent of their purchased energy from these renewable energy resources. Also in 2010, Ellicott Dining Hall installed solar panels which would provide up to 30 percent of the energy for heating its water. The university installed 20 panels with three solar storage tanks, pumps, temperature sensors, and controls. The system will increasingly provide more of the dining hall's water needs.In 2011, Maryland's team won the Solar Decathlon, a competition put on by the U.S. Department of Energy.weblink {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120526073339weblink|date=May 26, 2012}}WEB,weblink DOE Solar Decathlon: Scores by Date, www.solardecathlon.gov, March 28, 2016, The team designed and built a solar-powered home with a split butterfly roof in a project called "WaterShed."Architecture | WaterShed at the University of Maryland | U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011. 2011.solarteam.org. Retrieved on August 17, 2013. The house was "inspired and guided by the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem, interconnecting the house with its landscape, and leading its dwellers toward a more sustainable lifestyle."WEB,weblink About - WaterShed at the University of Maryland - U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011, 2011.solarteam.org, Over 200 students contributed to the project. Maryland's design beat out submissions from 20 other universities from all over the world, including China, New Zealand, Belgium, and Canada.In the 2017 Solar Decathlon, the University of Maryland's team won 1st place in the U.S. and 2nd place in the world.NEWS,weblink UMD Solar Decathlon Team Takes 1st Place in the U.S., 2nd Place in the World, October 18, 2017, UMD Right Now :: University of Maryland, November 17, 2017, en, NEWS,weblink University of Maryland team takes 2nd place in international ‘Solar Decathlon’, Chandler, Michael Alison, October 14, 2017, Washington Post, November 17, 2017, 0190-8286, The 100% solar powered house, named "resilient Adaptive Climate Technology" (reACT), was largely inspired by the environmentally conscious traditions of the Nanticoke people and other local Native American tribes in Maryland, such as water reuse, home gardening, and composting.Maryland also promotes the use of reusable to-go containers at the dining hall, or OZZI containers, since the official launching of the program in August 2011.weblink {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120505155422weblink|date=May 5, 2012}} Students pay a $5 fee to initially use the container, but receive a coin when they return it to the dispenser. With the coin, the use of the container is cost-free.In January 2011, Maryland installed occupancy sensors in nearly all of the 300 general-purpose classrooms.WEB,weblink Motion sensors installed in classrooms to save energy, February 1, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120505143648weblink">weblink May 5, 2012, These occupancy sensors automatically turn off the lights after 30 minutes if there is no motion in a room. The project is estimated to cut energy consumption by 30 percent and save the university $100,000 annually.In 2012, the University Sustainability fund granted $130,000 to projects that promote sustainability.WEB,weblink Univ. funds $130,000 to green projects, March 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120409081445weblink">weblink April 9, 2012, The money was generated from an $8 mandatory sustainability fee, a fee that will increase to $12 by 2014. Mark Stewart, Project Manager at the Office of Sustainability, expects the fund to grow to $300,000 by 2013.On May 2, 2012 the Wellness Coalition hosted its first Farmers Market at Maryland, a weekly tradition that supplies produce from farms in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.The Farmers Market at Maryland {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120504162148weblink |date=May 4, 2012 }}. Crs.umd.edu (July 22, 2013). Retrieved on August 17, 2013. Its first day saw over 1,000 visitors.WEB,weblink A refreshing new option,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120817224527weblink">weblink August 17, 2012, In October 2013 the University's College of Behavioral and Social Sciences (BSOS) became the university's first college to form their own Sustainability Task Force. In April 2014 the Task Force produced BSOS's Sustainability Plan to advance campus sustainability and complement the University's Climate Action Plan to help the university become a national model of a green university. It is the first plan of its kind at the college level at the university, and was designed to serve as a guide for other colleges to join BSOS in this effort to improve the sustainability of the campus and community as a whole.WEB,weblink Sustainability Plan, May 29, 2015, In September 2014 the BSOS Sustainability Task Force expanded to include a student Sustainability Task Force. The student Task Force is an interdisciplinary team focused on addressing sustainability problems on campus.WEB,weblink BSOS Undergraduates Blog: Student Sustainability Task Force, May 29, 2015, In August 2015, compost bins were placed in two residence halls, and, after a successful year, were placed in nine other residence halls in August 2016.WEB,weblink The University of Maryland had two composting dorms last year. Now it has 11., As of 2017, the University of Maryland increased its compost collection by nearly 450% since 2010.WEB,weblink University of Maryland Office of Sustainability Snapshot, sustainability.umd.edu, en, November 11, 2017, While efforts have been made to add composting collection sites on campus in academic buildings and residence halls, many have been removed due to high contamination rates. Some Greek life houses as well as some on-campus apartment buildings used to have composting, but in 2017 and 2018 many of them had to be removed since they were causing more harm than good.WEB,weblink Compost {{!, University of Maryland Office of Sustainability |website=sustainability.umd.edu|access-date=February 25, 2018}}

Student life

{{See also| List of University of Maryland student organizations}}

Residential life

(File:UMD Talbot.JPG|thumb|Talbot Hall in the South Hill community)(File:UMD brick entryway.JPG|thumb|right|Brick entryway near the South Hill Community)There are two main residential areas on campus, North Campus and South Campus, which are further divided into seven residential communities. North Campus is made up of Cambridge Community (which consists of five residence halls), Denton Community (which currently consists of four halls, including Oakland hall which opened in the fall semester of 2011), and Ellicott Community (consisting of three halls).South Campus includes the North Hill Community, made up of nine Georgian-style halls and Prince Frederick hall (which opened in the fall semester of 2014) located immediately west of McKeldin Mall, South Hill Community, made up of fourteen small residence halls for upperclassmen, Leonardtown Community, which offers apartment-style living and is further divided into Old Leonardtown (consisting of six buildings) and New Leonardtown (also consisting of six buildings), the South Campus Commons Community, which consists of seven apartment-style buildings (the seventh and most recent building being opened in January 2010), and the Courtyards, a garden style apartment community in north campus consisting of seven buildings.The South Campus Commons Community and Courtyards, while built on campus, are managed by a private company, Capstone On-Campus Management, as part of a public-private partnership between the company and the University of Maryland.The university does not have family housing. As of 2011, some students with families have advocated for the addition of family housing.Romas, Maria. "No place for children." The Diamondback. Friday March 18, 2011. Retrieved on October 3, 2011.Residential life is overseen by the Department of Resident Life, which consists of a staff members and departments. For instance, resident assistants, who are full-time undergraduates facilitating the student interaction and development of floors within their assigned floor, building, or community, are supervised by resident directors. The Department of Resident Life offers its residents and other students many programs, including the Math Success Program, Academic Success Program, Common Ground Dialogue Program, and many Living and Learning programs.WEB,weblink Current Students, Resnet.umd.edu, April 23, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120502172244weblink">weblink May 2, 2012, yes,

Dining

There are three dining halls on campus: The North Campus Dining Hall ("The Diner") is located in between the Ellicott Community, the South Campus Dining Hall is located near the South Hill and South Campus Commons communities, and the 251 North Dining Hall is located in the Denton Community. As of the fall of 2016, the University of Maryland Dining Services changed their dining plan from a pay a la carte to an all-you-can-eat style dining experience. A food court in the Stamp Student Union provides a plethora of dining options for the university community. The Maryland Food Collective, popularly known as the Co-Op, is a worker-owned collective that has been providing a wide array of vegan and vegetarian food options, along with local, organic, and fair-trade fruits and vegetables since 1975.WEB,weblink The Maryland Food Co-op, University of Maryland's Stamp Division of Student Affairs, October 30, 2017,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20171107015642weblink">weblink November 7, 2017, yes, BOOK,weblink Veg Out Vegetarian Guide to Washington,, Evans, Andrew, 2004, Gibbs Smith, 9781586854713, Salt Lake City, 126,

Transportation

File:College Park-U of Md Station.jpg|thumb|left| College Park-University of Maryland Metro station provides easy and quick access to Downtown, Washington, D.C.Downtown, Washington, D.C. The university is accessible through the three airports which exist in the greater Washington metropolitan area: Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, Washington Dulles International Airport, and Baltimore–Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport.WEB,weblink Transportation {{!, Global Maryland, University of Maryland|website=globalmaryland.umd.edu |language=en|access-date=November 18, 2017}} A small public airport in College Park, College Park Airport, lies nearly adjacent to campus, but operations are limited to the Washington metropolitan area. The College Park Airport is the oldest continually operating airport in the world and the site of many significant aviation firsts.WEB,weblink College Park Airport - Home, collegeparkairport.aero, November 18, 2017, WEB,weblink College Park Airport, history.pgparks.com, November 18, 2017,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130526103219weblink">weblink May 26, 2013, yes, A free shuttle service, known as Shuttle-UM, is available for UMD students, faculty, staff, and some residents of College Park and Greenbelt.NEWS,weblink University of Maryland Shuttle Service May Allow More College Park Riders, Lyles, Jeffrey K., July 23, 2009, November 29, 2017, 0190-8286, WEB,weblink Shuttle-UM Regulations, 2015, University of Maryland, November 28, 2017, The university is served by an off-campus stop on the Washington Metro Green Line called College Park – University of Maryland. The station is also served by the Camden Line of the MARC Train, which runs between Baltimore and Washington. A Shuttle-UM bus (Route 104) arrives at the station every five minutes during fall and spring semesters (every ten minutes during the summer) to bring visitors to campus (stopping in front of the Stamp Student Union).Metrobus and Prince George's County TheBus bus services also stop on campus. Beginning in early 2012, TheBus services for Route1Ride (Route 17) were made free of charge to all University of Maryland students and staff, providing service on Route 1 from the Washington, D.C. border to the IKEA in College Park, with a stop at the College Park–University of Maryland Metro station.WEB,weblink City of College Park, Maryland: Transportation, www.collegeparkmd.gov, November 17, 2017, WEB,weblink Campus Connections: Fall 2017, University of Maryland Transit Guide, November 18, 2017, There is an additional service called Nite Ride which is a curb-to-curb service offered every night from 5:30 p.m. to 7:30 a.m. The service is designed to serve the areas of campus that are not included on the evening service routes.Over 21,000 parking spaces are on campus, in parking lots and garages.WEB,weblink Department of Transportation Services – University of Maryland, Transportation.umd.edu, July 1, 2009, June 26, 2010, There are a total of 16 electric vehicle charging stations on campus in 7 locations that are free and open to the public, with plans to add more stations.WEB,weblink UMD Department of Transportation: About Electric Vehicle Charging Stations, www.transportation.umd.edu, November 17, 2017, Zipcar service is also available on campus for all UMD students, faculty, and staff.WEB,weblink Department of Transportation Services – University of Maryland, Transportation.umd.edu, April 1, 2009, June 26, 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100401164908weblink">weblink April 1, 2010, yes, The university has been attempting to make the campus more bike-friendly by installing covered bike parking and bike lockers on campus,WEB,weblink The Diamondback – Cyclists say bike safety week just first step, Diamondbackonline.com, April 9, 2010, June 26, 2010, introducing a bike-sharing program,WEB,weblink The Diamondback – Bicycle-sharing program set to begin pilot this semester, Diamondbackonline.com, September 16, 2009, June 26, 2010, and plans to add more bike lanes on campus.WEB,weblink The Diamondback – As DOTS pushes biking, gender gap persists, Diamondbackonline.com, December 13, 2009, June 26, 2010, As of Spring 2011, the university has encouraged cycling on campus by installing covered bike storage outside of the newly built Oakland dorm as well as security lockers in the Mowatt Lane Garage.WEB,weblink Oakland Hall Announcement, Resnet.umd.edu, December 10, 2011,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120121141130weblink">weblink January 21, 2012, yes, WEB,weblink DOTS :: Locker Info, Transportation.umd.edu, December 10, 2011,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120514135217weblink">weblink May 14, 2012, yes, In addition to increased storage options, the University runs the Campus Bike Shop where students can get their bikes repaired and learn how to maintain them on their own.WEB,weblink Campus Recreation Services – Campus Bike Shop, Crs.umd.edu, December 10, 2011,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20111227083904weblink">weblink December 27, 2011, yes, Under the administration of former President C. Daniel Mote Jr., the university was the primary source of opposition in Prince George's County to the installation of one or more light-rail stops on campus as a part of the proposed Maryland Transit Administration's Purple Line out of concern for student safety and to protect sensitive lab equipment.NEWS,weblink U-Md. Wants Purple Line Off Its Main Street, The Washington Post, January 22, 2008, June 26, 2010, Katherine, Shaver, WEB,weblink UM wants underground tunnel for Purple Line, Gazette.net, May 27, 2010, June 26, 2010, This sentiment was similar to previous transit positions taken by the university in the 1980s, specifically when the administration rejected Metro's first proposal of having the College Park–University of Maryland station run underground through campus connecting to Adele H. Stamp Student Union, and strongly opposed their second proposal to put the stop right next to campus in downtown College Park on Route 1, with the reasoning to protect student and resident safety.NEWS,weblink UMD and City of College Park officials show excitement for Purple Line, The Diamondback, November 16, 2017, NEWS,weblink Off-Campus Metro Stop in College Park a ‘Disaster’: Glendening, November 1, 2017, Maryland Matters, November 16, 2017,weblink November 17, 2017, yes, In 2017, former Maryland Governor and Prince George's County Executive Parris Glendening admitted that the decision made by the university to have the Metro station as far away from campus as possible (1.6 miles) was a "disaster" and racially biased, largely due to administrators and community residents saying they did not want crime or undesirable people coming to campus on the Green Line from the poorer neighborhoods of Washington.NEWS,weblink Former Maryland Governor: College Park UMD Metro location 'a huge mistake', Carter-Conneen, Mike, WJLA, November 16, 2017, Under President Wallace Loh's strategic vision in 2011, the administration recognized the transit mistakes of the past and embraced having the Purple Line on campus as it would drastically increase transportation access for students and faculty, while encouraging more walkable transit-oriented developments in downtown College Park. The Purple Line route, which is expected to be completed in the fall of 2022, will have five stops on and around the university's campus: M Square, the College Park Metro station, the main entrance to the campus on Route 1, near Stamp Student Union on Campus Drive, and on the other edge of campus on Adelphi Road.WEB,weblink Maps - Maryland Purple Line, www.purplelinemd.com, November 16, 2017,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20171201080241weblink">weblink December 1, 2017, yes, WEB,weblink Mapping the Purple Line, Washington Post, November 16, 2017, WEB,weblink Purple Line set to open in fall of 2022, despite year-long delay in construction start, Maryland official says, Shaver, Katherine, September 27, 2018, Washington Post, October 7, 2018,

The Diamondback

File:UMD Stamp co-op, food court beams.jpg|thumb|Atrium of Stamp Student UnionStamp Student UnionThe Diamondback is the independent student newspaper of the university. It was founded in 1910 as The Triangle and renamed in 1921 in honor of a local reptile, the Diamondback terrapin, which became the school mascot in 1933. The newspaper is published daily Monday through Friday during the spring and fall semesters, with a print circulation of 17,000 and annual advertising revenues of over $1 million.WEB,weblink Amicus brief in Rossignol v. Voorhaar, May 30, 2005, Rcfp.org, May 30, 2002, April 23, 2012, It has four sections: News, Opinion, Sports, and Diversions.For the 2008–2009 school year, The Diamondback earned a Mark of Excellence award from the Society of Professional Journalists, placing second nationally for Best All-Around Daily Student Newspaper and first in its region in the same category.WEB,weblink Society of Professional Journalists: Mark of Excellence Awards, Spj.org, April 23, 2012, Three years earlier the newspaper had finished third place nationally for Best All-Around Daily Student Newspaper and first in its region.WEB,weblink Society of Professional Journalists: Mark of Excellence Awards, Spj.org, April 23, 2012, Notable journalists who have been with the paper include David Simon of HBO's The Wire and NBC's Homicide: Life on the Street; disgraced Jayson Blair, who was editor-in-chief in 1996 (he did not graduate, instead taking a job with The New York Times); Norman Chad, who was editor-in-chief in 1978; cartoonists Jeff Kinney, who created the Diary of a Wimpy Kid fiction series and whose Igdoof strip appeared in The Diamondback; Aaron McGruder, who first published his cartoon The Boondocks in The Diamondback; and Frank Cho, who began his career with the popular University Squared for The Diamondback.

WMUC-FM

WMUC-FM (88.1 FM) is the university non-commercial radio station, staffed by UMD students and volunteers. WMUC is a freeform radio station that broadcasts at 10 watts. Its broadcasts can be heard throughout the Washington metropolitan area. Notable WMUC alumni include Connie Chung, Bonnie Bernstein, and Aaron McGruder.

WMUC Sports

WMUC Sports is the online sports division of WMUC-FM that provides live broadcasts for over 10 Division I University of Maryland sports, including the Terrapin football and basketball teams.

Greek life

(File:UMCP Administration building, seen from end of reflecting pool at morning, August 21, 2006.jpg|thumb|right|Administration building, seen from end of reflecting pool)Approximately 15% of men and 20% of women in Maryland's undergraduate student body are involved in Greek life.WEB,weblink University of Maryland Fraternity & Sorority Life: Spring 2017 Academic Report, greek.umd.edu, December 28, 2017,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20180219160457weblink">weblink February 19, 2018, yes, Many of the fraternities and sororities at the school are located on Fraternity Row and the Graham Cracker, which are controlled by the University. Fraternity Row is the background of several recently produced films.All social Greek organizations are governed by one of five groups: the Inter-Fraternity Council, the Panhellenic Association, the Pan-Hellenic Council, the United Greek Council, or the Professional Fraternal Association. All cultural Greek organizations are governed by the United Greek Council. These councils assist in the creation and governance of chapter by-laws, risk management plans, and philanthropic activities, with support from the Department of Fraternity and Sorority Life.WEB,weblink University of Maryland Department of Fraternity & Sorority Life, Greek.umd.edu, December 10, 2011,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20111219072613weblink">weblink December 19, 2011, yes, WEB, Weaver, Caity, The Most Deranged Sorority Girl Email You Will Ever Read,weblink Gawker, September 5, 2017, Each year, every Greek organization must fulfill certain requirements, including doing a service and conducting a program/event related to community service, diversity, or alumni and faculty outreach.{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed"!colspan=2|List of sororities!colspan=2|List of fraternities

Athletics

File:Comcast Center interior.jpg|thumb|XFINITY Center, home of Maryland basketball]]The university sponsors varsity athletic teams in 20 men's and women's sports. The teams, named the "Terrapins," represent Maryland in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I competition. Maryland became a founding member of the Atlantic Coast Conference in 1952, but left to join the Big Ten Conference on July 1, 2014. As of 2017, Maryland's athletic teams have been awarded 44 national championships by the NCAA, USILA, AIAW, and NCA.WEB,weblink National Championships, Umterps.com, April 23, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120503095442weblink">weblink May 3, 2012, yes, WEB,weblink University of Maryland National Championships, umterps.com, October 9, 2018, In 2008 and 2010, The Princeton Review named the University of Maryland's athletic facilities the best in the nation.Maryland colleges get high and low marks on Princeton Review study, Baltimore Business Journal, August 1, 2008. Retrieved June 16, 2010.WEB,weblink Best Colleges Press Release, Princetonreview.com, August 1, 2011, April 23, 2012, The Terrapins nickname (often shortened to "Terps") was coined by former university president, football coach, and athletic director H. C. "Curly" Byrd in 1932.WEB, CollegeFootballHistory.com, Maryland Terrapins History – College Football, July 9, 2010,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100529033907weblink">weblink May 29, 2010, yes,
The mascot is a diamondback terrapin named Testudo, which is Latin for "tortoise."WEB,weblink Testudo, Merriam-webster.com, April 23, 2012, Since the early 20th century, the school athletic colors have been some combination of those on the Maryland state flag: red, white, black, and gold.WEB,weblink School Colors, Umterps.com, April 23, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120329164108weblink">weblink March 29, 2012, yes,

Men's Basketball

File:Chevy Chase Field at Byrd Stadium 9-13-08.jpg|thumb|right|Maryland StadiumMaryland Stadium Men's basketball is one of the most popular sports at the university. Long-time head coach Lefty Driesell began the now nationwide tradition of "Midnight Madness" in 1971.LANDMAN>FIRST=BRIANWORK=ST. PETERSBURG TIMESDATE=OCTOBER 13, 2006Gary Williams revived the program, which was struggling in the wake of Len Bias's death and NCAA rules infractions. Williams led Maryland basketball to national prominence with two NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament>Final Four appearances, and in 2002, a 2002 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. On February 7, 2006, Gary Williams won his 349th game to surpass Driesell and became Maryland's all-time leader among basketball coaches. In May 2011, Williams retired as head coach, which allowed for the entrance of the new head coach, Mark Turgeon. The court at XFINITY Center was named in honor of the beloved coach, Gary Williams. Maryland Terrapins football>Maryland football is also popular at the university.University of Maryland College Prowler Off the Record, p. 84–86, 2005, {{ISBN|1-59658-160-3}}. The Terrapins were awarded the national championship by the wire services in 1953, and in 1951, by several retroactive selectors.Beyond the two "revenue sports," the university fields 18 other varsity teams. The women's basketball team rose to prominence in the 2000s (decade), and head coach Brenda Frese guided the Lady Terps to their first NCAA title in 2006.WEB,weblink Maryland Athletics – University of Maryland Official Athletic Site – Women's Basketball, Umterps.com, March 8, 2009, May 8, 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110516033257weblink">weblink May 16, 2011, yes,

Men's Lacrosse

File:D1 Lacrosse.jpg|thumb|right|Maryland fields one of the nation's premier lacrosse programs.]] Maryland men's lacrosse remains one of the sport's top programs since its beginnings as a squad in 1865.BOOK, Weigl Publishers, 978-1-59036-000-2last=Craatstitle=Marylandyear=2002, The team most recently won the national championship in 2017 NCAA Division I Men's Lacrosse Championship, breaking a 42-year drought. The team has won ten United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association>USILA and NCAA national championships since its promotion to varsity status in 1924 and is a regular fixture in the NCAA Division I Men's Lacrosse Championship.HTTPS://WWW.NCAA.COM/HISTORY/M-LACROSSE-D1.HTMLPUBLISHER=NCAA.COM PUBLISHER=USILA.ORGMaryland Terrapins women's lacrosse>women's lacrosse team has the most national championships of any program in the nation, including most recently in 2017.WOMEN'S LACROSSE: MARYLAND CAPTURES FIRST NCAA TITLE SINCE 2001 WITH 13–11 WIN OVER NORTHWESTERN>ACCESSDATE=JUNE 18, 2010URL=HTTP://INSIDELACROSSE.COM/NEWS/2010/05/30/WOMENS-LACROSSE-MARYLAND-CAPTURES-FIRST-NCAA-TITLE-2001-WITH-13-11-WIN-OVERARCHIVE-DATE=JUNE 2, 2010DATE=MAY 28, 2017ACCESS-DATE=NOVEMBER 5, 2017,

Men's Soccer

The men's soccer team has won four NCAA Division I College Cup national championships, most recently in 2018.WEB,weblink Maryland wins its fourth men's soccer national championship by beating Akron, 1-0, on second-half penalty kick, Bryant, Victor, baltimoresun.com, en-US, February 23, 2019, Under the guidance of head coach Sasho Cirovski, the soccer team has reached nine Final Fours and won three College Cups since 1997. The soccer team has developed a large, devoted fan base among students and the local community. The attendance record at Ludwig Field was set in 2015 when 8,449 fans saw Maryland win over top-ranked UCLA in extra time.NEWS,weblink No. 6 Maryland men's soccer takes down No. 1 UCLA in extra time, September 4, 2015, NCAA.com, November 5, 2017, The annual total attendance has increased dramatically from 12,710 in 1995 to 35,631 in 2008.WEB, Maryland Men's Soccer: NCAA Tournament History, December 6, 2010,weblink yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110516033019weblink">weblink May 16, 2011,

Field Hockey

The Maryland women's field hockey team has won eight NCAA championships.WEB,weblink Maryland field hockey falls to North Carolina, 2-0, in NCAA title game, Staff, Baltimore Sun, baltimoresun.com, February 23, 2019, The Mighty Sound of Maryland marching band attends all home football games and provides pre-game performances.WEB,weblink "Mighty Sound of Maryland" Marching Band, Music.umd.edu, April 23, 2012, During the basketball season, the marching band becomes the University of Maryland Pep Band, which provides music in the stands at men's and women's home games and during tournament play.WEB,weblink Basketball Pep Band, Music.umd.edu, April 23, 2012, On July 1, 2012, the university cut seven varsity teams: men's cross country, men's indoor track, men's swimming and diving, men's tennis, women's acrobatics and tumbling, women's swimming and diving, and women's water polo. The men's outdoor track team had been scheduled to be cut, but the team raised $888,000 of a target amount of $940,000, sufficient to avoid elimination.WEB,weblink University of Maryland cuts 7 sports teams, saves men's outdoor track, si.com, October 5, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20121225144331weblink">weblink December 25, 2012, yes,

Testudo

(File:UMD Testudo Statue.JPG|thumb|Statue of Testudo on campus)In 1932, Curley Byrd—who served as the university's football and baseball coach, athletic director, and president—proposed adopting the diamondback terrapin as a mascot. The first statue of Testudo cast in bronze was donated by the Class of 1933 and displayed on Baltimore Avenue in front of Ritchie Coliseum. However, the 300-pound sculpture was subjected to vandalism by visiting college athletic teams.WEB,weblink Testudo: Tale of the Top Shell, Umterps.com, May 23, 1933, April 23, 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110516033155weblink">weblink May 16, 2011, One such incident occurred in 1947 when students from Johns Hopkins University stole the bronze statue and moved it to their campus. Maryland students traveled to Baltimore to retrieve it, laying siege to the house where it was hidden. Over 200 city police responded to quell the riot.NEWS, Lee, Edward, Catalino, Reed lead No. 5 Terps past No. 20 Mids, Baltimore Sun, College Park, Md., June 18, 2010, April 11, 2010,weblink In 1949, University President Byrd was awakened by a phone call from a University of Virginia fraternity requesting that Testudo be removed from their lawn. Testudo was later filled with 700 pounds of cement and fastened to his pedestal to prevent future removals, but students at rival schools continued to vandalize it. It was moved to Maryland Stadium in 1951. In the 1960s, Testudo was moved back to a spot in front of McKeldin Library.WEB,weblink Traditions at The University of Maryland, Umd.edu, May 23, 1933, June 26, 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100619143806weblink">weblink June 19, 2010, yes, WEB,weblink Traditions at The University of Maryland, Umd.edu, September 24, 2003, June 26, 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100623044552weblink">weblink June 23, 2010, yes, WEB,weblink Mac To Millennium: Testudo, Lib.umd.edu, June 26, 2010, NEWS, Rasmussen, Frederick, A stroke of good luck in Terps sculpture, Baltimore Sun, June 18, 2010, March 23, 2002,weblink In 1992 a duplicate statue was placed at Maryland Stadium, where the football team touch it for good luck as they pass by before games. Additional Testudo statues now sit outside of the Gossett Team House near the stadium; XFINITY Center, the school's basketball arena; the Riggs Alumni Center; in the lobby of the Adele H. Stamp Student Union; and on the courtyard of Van Munching Hall.NEWS,weblink A New Testudo, Dankelson, Annie, October 1, 2018, University of Maryland Terp Magazine, October 10, 2018, en-US, In 1994, the Maryland General Assembly approved legislation to name the diamondback terrapin (malaclemys terrapin terrapin) as the official state reptile and the legally codified mascot of the University of Maryland.WEB, Maryland State Archives, Diamondback Terrapin, Maryland State Reptile, June 18, 2010, March 8, 2010,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170701013023weblink">weblink July 1, 2017, yes, Beginning in the 2000s, the university promoted the slogan, "Fear the Turtle" as a rallying cry for school pride.WEB, Fear the Turtle! University of Maryland, University of Maryland,weblink February 8, 2008,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070809225009weblink">weblink August 9, 2007, The most popular Testudo statue lies in front of the McKeldin Library. The statue's nose is polished by passers-by that have rubbed it for good luck. Around finals week, students start giving offerings to Testudo in the hope of good grades. In 2013, the Testudo statue caught fire because of an ill-advised mixture of offerings and a lit candle. Local news channels reported about this event and it trended on Twitter.WEB,weblink Maryland Testudo statue fire ruled accidental, WJLA, May 29, 2015,

Notable alumni

File:UMD Riggs Alumni fountain.JPG|thumb|Kappa Kappa GammaKappa Kappa GammaNotable alumni include House Democratic Whip Steny Hoyer;WEB,weblink Congressman Steny Hoyer : Biography, hoyer.house.gov, November 18, 2017, Google co-founder Sergey Brin;WEB,weblink Alumni Hall Of Fame {{!, UMD Department of Computer Science |website=www.cs.umd.edu|language=en|access-date=November 18, 2017}} The Muppets creator Jim Henson;WEB,weblink The Jim Henson Works: Jim Henson at UMD, digital.lib.umd.edu, November 18, 2017, The Wire creator David Simon,WEB,weblink David Simon in Conversation: College of Arts & Humanities, March 1, 2012, www.arhu.umd.edu, November 18, 2017,weblink December 1, 2017, yes, as well as Seinfeld co-creator and Curb Your Enthusiasm creator Larry David.WEB,weblink What’s Larry David really like? Ask his Maryland fraternity brothers., VanGrack Snyder, Linda, March 6, 2015, Washington Post, November 18, 2017, Former NFL Quarterback Norman "Boomer" Esiason. Prominent alumni in business include Ed Snider, Chairman of Comcast Spectacor and owner of the Philadelphia Flyers; Jim Walton (journalist), President and CEO of CNN; Kevin Plank, founder of the athletic apparel company Under Armour; Leonard Kevin "Len" Bias, a first team All-American college basketball forward; Chris Kubasik, former President of Lockheed Martin; Carly Fiorina, former CEO of Hewlett-Packard; and Telecommunications entrepreneur Brian Hinman.WEB,weblink Hinman CEOs Program, Robert H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland, en, November 18, 2017, (File:UMD Arch gateway.JPG|thumb|left|upright|An arched gateway on campus)Television personality Connie Chung; E! News reporter Giuliana Rancic graduated with a bachelor's degree from the Philip Merrill College of Journalism. ESPN reporters Bonnie Bernstein and Tim Kurkjian graduated from the Philip Merrill College of Journalism. Scott Van Pelt, also of ESPN, attended the Phillip Merrill College of Journalism, but finished a few credits short of graduation.Journalist Carl Bernstein, who won the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for his coverage of the Watergate scandal, attended the university but did not graduate. Mark Rosenker, Former Chairman of the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) and now CBS NEWS Transportation Safety Analyst graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in radio and television. Kiran Chetry, co-host of CNN's American Morning, graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in broadcast journalism. Jean Worthley of Maryland Public Television hosted Hodgepodge Lodge and co-hosted On Nature's Trail after enrolling in the Graduate School of Education. TV and media critic David Zurawik of The Baltimore Sun graduated with a doctorate in American Studies.Heidi Collins of CNN Newsroom graduated with a Bachelor of science. Former Maryland governor Harry R. Hughes also attended. Gayle King, editor-at-large for O, The Oprah Magazine, graduated from Maryland with a degree in psychology. Television show host Bruce DePuyt, host of News Talk on NewsChannel8 graduated from Phillip Merrill College of Journalism.Attendees within the fields of science and mathematics are: Nobel Laureates Raymond Davis Jr., 2002 winner in Physics; Herbert Hauptman, 1985 winner in Chemistry, and Fields Medal winner Charles Fefferman. Other alumni include George Dantzig, considered the father of linear programming; late NASA astronaut Judith Resnik, who died in the destruction of the Space Shuttle Challenger during the launch of mission STS-51-L; engineer James S. Albus, founder of a division at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); and NASA Administrator Michael D. Griffin.Several donors have distinguished themselves for their sizable gifts to the university. Businessman Robert H. Smith, who graduated from the university in 1950 with a degree in accounting, has given over $45 million to the business school that now bears his name, and to the Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center, which bears his wife's name.Robert H. Smith School of Business to Share in University of Maryland Gifts Totaling $60 Million {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20060908084925weblink |date=September 8, 2006}} Construction entrepreneur A. James Clark, who graduated with an engineering degree in 1950, has also donated over $45 million to the college of engineering, which also bears his name. Another engineering donor, Jeong H. Kim, earned his PhD from the university in 1991 and gave $5 million for the construction of a state-of-the-art engineering building.NEWS, 0740-5421, Pearlstein, Steven, Steven Pearlstein – Economic Recycling Enlarges U-Md.'s Engineering School, The Washington Post, June 18, 2010, September 21, 2005,weblink Philip Merrill, a media figure, donated $10 million to the College of Journalism.NEWS, Fisher, Marc, Phil Merrill and the Vanishing Iconoclastic Publishers, Raw Fisher, June 18, 2010, June 13, 2006,weblink Robert E. Fischell, physicist, inventor, and holder of more than 200 U.S. and foreign medical patentsMIT Inventor of the Week Archives. Accessed February 22, 2007."NHM Board Welcomes Renowned Health and Medical Figures as Newest Trustees," {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120206080417weblink |date=February 6, 2012 }} National Health Museum News, Accessed February 22, 2007.weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20040907190836weblink">"Industry Pioneer – Robert Fischell," Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry – August 2004. Accessed February 22, 2007. donated $30 million to the A. James Clark School of Engineering,NEWS, Fischell, Robert, New Bioengineering Dept. Established by Gift of $30 Million from Renowned Biomedical Inventor, UMD Newsdesk, September 27, 2012, December 19, 2005,weblink establishing the Fischell Department of Bioengineering. Brendan Iribe, a co-founder of Oculus VR, donated $31 million to the university in 2014 towards a new computer science building and scholarships.NEWS, Brendan Iribe, co-founder of Oculus VR, makes record $31 million donation to U-Md., Anderson, Nick, September 11, 2014, The Washington Post,weblink In addition, the university has a number of executive trustees who are elected and have a diverse array of professional backgrounds.WEB,weblink University of Maryland College Park Foundation Board, umcpf.org, en, December 29, 2017,

Filmography

The university's campus has been featured in numerous films, television shows, and music videos.
  • Veep (2013)NEWS,weblink HBO’s Veep films scenes on campus, The Diamondback, October 18, 2017,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20171024041812weblink">weblink October 24, 2017, yes,
  • Logic ("All I Do" and "The Spotlight") (2011, 2012)WEB,weblink Logic looks to take his career to the final frontier, Moore, Marcus J., November 20, 2015, Washington Post, en, October 10, 2018, WEB,weblink Terp Entrepreneur: UMD Entrepreneurship on the Rise, Morales, Carly, May 6, 2014, www.jclass.umd.edu, October 10, 2018,
  • Naked Science (Earth's Invisible Shield) (2008){{Citation|title="Naked Science" Earth's Invisible Shield (TV Episode 2008)|date=September 18, 2008|url=https://www.imdb.com/title/tt1287206/locations|accessdate=November 21, 2017}}
  • (National Treasure: Book of Secrets) (2007)NEWS, Barber, Hortense M., Disney Movie Shoots on UMD Campus, Taps Extras, Maryland Newsline
date = April 12, 2007,weblink
  • CEO Exchange (2006)WEB,weblink PBS CEO Exchange Hosted by Smith School, May 2, 2006, Robert H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland, en, November 18, 2017,
  • Naked Science (Earth's Core) (2005){{Citation|title="Naked Science" Earth's Core (TV Episode 2005)|date=January 5, 2005|url=https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0776556/locations|accessdate=November 21, 2017}}
  • Species II (1998){{Citation|last=Madsen|first=Michael|title=Species II|date=April 10, 1998|url=https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120841/locations?ref_=tt_dt_dt|last2=Henstridge|last3=Helgenberger|last4=Williamson|first2=Natasha|first3=Marg|first4=Mykelti|accessdate=January 31, 2017}}
  • Antiques Roadshow (College Park, Maryland) (1997)WEB,weblink Antiques Roadshow: College Park, Maryland, April 10, 1997, TVGuide.com, en, November 19, 2017,
  • Life 101 (1995){{Citation|last=Mahaffey|first=Redge|title=IMDB: Life 101|date=May 17, 1995|url=https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0113655/|others=Corey Haim, Ami Dolenz, Keith Coogan|accessdate=November 18, 2017}}
  • The X-Files (Lazarus) (1993){{citation needed|date=September 2014}}
  • St. Elmo's Fire (1985)NEWS,weblink 'St. Elmo's Fire,' which features shots of Fraternity Row, turns 30, March 29, 2015, The Diamondback, November 18, 2017,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20171201042007weblink">weblink December 1, 2017, yes,
  • The House on Sorority Row (1983){{Citation|title=The House on Sorority Row: Filming Locations|url=https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0085694/locations|accessdate=November 18, 2017}}

See also

References

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External links

{{Authority control}}{{University of Maryland, College Park}}{{Navboxes|titlestyle = background: #E21833; color: white; border: 2px solid #FFD200|list ={{College Park, Maryland}}{{University System of Maryland}}{{Colleges and Universities in Maryland}}{{Southeastern Universities Research Association}}{{Universities Research Association}}{{Public Ivy}}{{Big Ten Conference navbox}}{{Big Ten Academic Alliance}}{{Association of American Universities}}{{Universitas 21}}}}


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