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Umar Shaikh Mirza II

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Umar Shaikh Mirza II
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{{for|the son of Timur|Umar Shaikh Mirza I}}







factoids
Umar Shaikh Mirza II (1456–1494 C.E.) was the ruler of the Fergana Valley. He was the fourth son of Abu Sa'id Mirza, the Emperor of the Timurid Empire in what is now Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, eastern Iran and Afghanistan.His first wife and chief consort was Qutlugh Nigar Khanum, a princess of the Chagatai Khanate and daughter of Yunus Khan of Moghulistan. Umar had two other wives and had three sons and five daughters from his wives. His eldest son was Babur Mirza from his wife Qutlugh Nigar Khanum. His sons from this other two wives were Jahangir Mirza II and Nasir Mirza. His eldest son Babur Mirza founded the Mughal Empire in 1525 and was the first Mughal Emperor of India.Umar Shaikh Mirza died in a freak accident in Aksi fort, North Fergana, on 10 June 1494. It occurred when he was in his dovecote, which was built at the edge of the building, collapsed, thus making eleven-year-old Babur, the ruler of Fergana.BOOK, Abraham Eraly, Abraham Eraly, Emperors Of The Peacock Throne: The Saga of the Great Moghuls,weblink 17 September 2007, Penguin Books Limited, 978-93-5118-093-7, 18,

Family

His mother

Umar Shaikh's mother was not explicitly named in any historical sources, including the Baburnama, his son Babur's autobiography. This was somewhat unusual, as Babur provided the maternal ancestry for many of his prominent relatives. However, Babur did refer multiple times to a certain "Shah Sultan Begum" (d. 1501) in a way that suggested she was Umar Shaikh's mother.Annette Susannah Beveridge, The Bābur-nāma in English: (memoirs of Babar) (1922), p. 13 This identification is one that is used by historians.B. S. Chandrababu, L. Thilagavathi, Woman, Her History and Her Struggle for Emancipation (2009), p. 201Shah Sultan Begum's own background was never stated. However, Khwand Amir, the vizier of Babur's uncle Sultan Mahmud referred to Umar Shaikh as "the own younger brother" of Sultan Mahmud and Sultan Ahmed. If this wording were interpreted to say that they were full brothers, this would mean that Shah Sultan Begum was mother to all three rulers, and thus the daughter of Aurdu-Bugha Tarkhan Arghun, who was Ahmad and Mahmud's maternal grandfather.{{harvtxt|Beveridge|1922|p=13, 33}}

Consorts

He had a total of seven consorts:
  • Qutlugh Nigar Khanum (m.1475), daughter of Yunus Khan of Moghulistan and Aisan Daulat Begum;
  • Ulus Agha (div.), daughter of Khwaja Hussein Beg;
  • Fatima Sultan Agha, daughter of one of the begs of Mogul Tumans;
  • Makhdum Sultan Begum, known as Karaguz Begum;
  • Umid Aghacha, a concubine who died before Mirza;
  • Yun Sultan Aghacha, a Moghul concubine;
  • Agha Sultan Aghacha, another concubine;

Issue

Sons
He had three sons:
  • Babur - with Qutlugh Nigar Khanum;
  • Jahangir Mirza (1485 - 1508) - with Fatima Sultan Agha;
  • Nasir Mirza (1487 - 1515) - with Umid Aghacha;


Daughters
He had six daughters:
  • A stillborn daughter - with Ulus Agha;
  • Khanzada Begum (1478 - 1545) - with Qutlugh Nigar Khanum;
  • Mihr Banu Begum (born 1481) - with Umid Aghacha;
  • Shahr Banu Begum (1491 - 1542) - with Umid Aghacha, married to Junaid Barlas;
  • Yadgar Sultan Begum (born 1494) - with Agha Sultan Aghacha, married to Abdul Latif Sultan, son of Hamza Sultan;
  • Rukaiya Sultan Begum (1494 - 1528) - with Makhdum Sultan Begum, married to Jani Beg Sultan;

Notes

{{reflist}}

References

  • WEB, On the occasion of the birth of Babar Padishah (the son of Omar Shaikh),weblink Mirza Muhammad Haidar, University of Washington, Silk Road Seattle, 2006-11-07,


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