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Ubuntu Touch
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
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{{short description|mobile interface for Ubuntu developed by Canonical Ltd.}}{{EngvarB|date=December 2017}}{{Use dmy dates|date=September 2016}}







factoids
UBUNTU TOUCH OTA-5 RELEASEWEBSITE=UBPORTS BLOG, 14 October 2018, | frequently updated = yesMonolithic kernel>Monolithic (Linux kernel)| programmed_in = C (programming language)>C, C++, Qt Meta Language, Python (programming language)>PythonUBPORTS ON GITHUB>URL=HTTPS://GITHUB.COM/UBPORTSACCESSDATE=25 OCTOBER 2017, | discontinued = noARM-hf architecture>ARM| updatemodel = Click Update Manager, Image Based Updates, apt-get| package_manager = Click packagesdpkg}}Ubuntu Touch (also known as Ubuntu Phone) is a mobile version of the Ubuntu operating system that was originally developed by Canonical Ltd. and is now being developed by the UBports community.WEB,weblink Ubuntu on phones - Ubuntu, Canonical, ubuntu.com, 9 June 2015, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130326225615weblink">weblink 26 March 2013, dmy-all, WEB,weblink I'm not giving up!, Marius, Gripsgard, Google Plus, 25 October 2017, WEB,weblink Ubuntu Touch, UBports, ubuntu-touch.io, 25 October 2017, It is designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers, however the original goal of convergence was intended to bring Ubuntu Touch to Laptop/Desktops, IOT devices, TVs and smart watches for a complete unified user experience. Mark Shuttleworth announced that Canonical Ltd. would terminate support for the project due to lack of market interest on 5 April 2017WEB,weblink Ubuntu 18.04 To Ship with GNOME Desktop, Not Unity, 5 April 2017, Joey, Sneddon, OMG Ubuntu, 5 April 2017, WEB,weblink Growing Ubuntu for Cloud and IoT, rather than Phone and convergence, Mark, Shuttleworth, Canonical, 5 April 2017, and it was then adopted by the UBports as a community project.WEB,weblink Unity 8 And Ubuntu Touch Aren't Going Away Completely, UBports Team Will Keep Them Alive, 6 April 2017, Aditya, Tiwari, 7 April 2017, The UBports project was seeded by Marius Gripsgard in 2015 and the programming source code for the project was transferred to the UBports Foundation where it now resides. UBports' mission is to support the collaborative development of Ubuntu Touch and to promote the widespread use of Ubuntu Touch.

History

The Ubuntu Touch project was started in 2011. Mark Shuttleworth announced on {{dts|format=dmy|2011|10|31}} that by Ubuntu 14.04, the goal was that Ubuntu would support smartphones, tablets, smart TVs and other smart screens (such as car head units and smartwatches),WEB,weblink Blog Archive "Ubuntu on phones, tablets, TV's and smart screens everywhere", Mark Shuttleworth, 31 October 2011, 8 April 2013, but to date has only been supported by vendors on a few smartphones, one tablet and a number of third-party devices which hobbyists have ported the operating system to. The initial goal set by Shuttleworth for Ubuntu was to reach full convergence (same platform and libraries on all devices).WEB,weblink Running apps from the SDK - Ubuntu developer portal, ubuntu.com, 9 June 2015, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150612102548weblink">weblink 12 June 2015, dmy-all, The Ubuntu platform for phones was unveiled on {{dts|format=dmy|2013|01|2}}.WEB,weblink Ubuntu Phone OS Unveiled by Canonical - OMG! Ubuntu!, Joey-Elijah Sneddon, OMG! Ubuntu!, 23 December 2014, The Ubuntu Touch Developer Preview was released on {{dts|format=dmy|2013|02|21}}.WEB,weblink Ubuntu Touch Developer Preview Released, Available for Nexus Devices - OMG! Ubuntu!, Joey-Elijah Sneddon, OMG! Ubuntu!, 23 December 2014, File:Ubuntu-smartphone.png|thumb|right|Ubuntu Touch Developer Preview 13.04 on a Galaxy NexusGalaxy NexusCanonical released Ubuntu Touch 1.0, the first developer/partner version on 17 October 2013, along with Ubuntu 13.10 that "primarily supports the Galaxy Nexus and Nexus 4 phones, though there are images available for other phones and tablets",WEB,weblink SaucySalamander/ReleaseNotes - Ubuntu Wiki, Wiki.ubuntu.com, 15 November 2013, 25 February 2014, and released a "relatively 'stable' build for wider testing and feedback" on 17 April 2014,WEB, Revision 121 as of 7 :35,weblink TrustyTahr/ReleaseNotes - Ubuntu Wiki, Wiki.ubuntu.com, 18 April 2014, along with Ubuntu 14.04. A preview version of the software is available for installation on certain additional Android handsets including the Samsung Galaxy S4 Google Edition as a Developer Preview as of 21 February 2013. Developers have access to all of the source code under a license allowing modification and redistribution of the software.Ubuntu Touch was released to manufacturers on 16 September 2014.WEB,weblink Landing team 16.09.14 : Mailing list archive : ubuntu-phone team in Launchpad, 23 December 2014, BQ Aquaris E4.5 Ubuntu Edition, the world's first Ubuntu-based smartphone went on sale in Europe on 9 February 2015.WEB,weblink Ubuntu Based First Smartphone, Aquaris E4.5 Announced, Gadget Nations, 9 February 2015,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150209170456weblink">weblink 9 February 2015, In April 2016, the world's first Ubuntu-based tablet, the BQ Aquaris M10 Ubuntu Edition, was released.WEB
, Hands-On with Bq M10 Ubuntu Edition Tablet [Video]
, OMG! Ubuntu!
,weblink
, 15 April 2016
, In August 2016, OTA-13 was announced to support Android 6.0 BSP.WEB,weblink Ubuntu Touch OTA-13 Delayed for September 7, to Bring Android 6.0 BSP Support, 27 September 2018, no, 5 August 2016, In August 2018, UBPorts released its OTA-4, upgrading the Ubuntu Touch's base from the Canonical's starting Ubuntu 15.04 (Vivid Vervet) to the nearest, current long-term support version Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus).WEB,weblink Ubuntu Touch OTA-4 Release, 27 September 2018, no, 26 August 2018,

Features

Ubuntu Touch uses the Qt 5-basedWEB,weblink For developers - Ubuntu for phones - Ubuntu, Canonical, ubuntu.com, 9 June 2015, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130324131120weblink">weblink 24 March 2013, dmy-all, touch user interface and various software frameworks originally developed for Maemo and MeeGo such as oFono as telephony stack,WEB,weblink Canonical: Ubuntu Touch noch nicht ohne Android, 2, German, Jörg Thoma, Golem.de, 7 March 2013, 26 March 2013, accounts-sso for single sign-on,WEB,weblink GNOME Online Accounts: why it is the way it is, Debarshiray.wordpress.com, 23 March 2013, Online Accounts setup for Ubuntu Touch in Launchpad. Launchpad.net. Retrieved on 27 September 2013. and Maliit for input.WEB,weblink Maliit Keyboard Improvements | Murray's Blog, Murrayc.com, 4 March 2013, Using libhybrisWEB, Carsten Munk,weblink Wayland utilizing Android GPU drivers on glibc based systems, Part 1, Mer Project, 11 April 2013, 3 July 2013, WEB,weblink libhybris in Launchpad, Launchpad.net, 5 February 2013, 3 July 2013, the system can often be used with Linux kernels used in Android, which makes it easily ported to most recent Android smartphones.WEB,weblink Touch/FAQ - Ubuntu Wiki, Wiki.ubuntu.com, 8 April 2013, Libertine is Ubuntu's project to run traditional desktop X applications.WEB,weblink Libertine, Libertine is a confined sandbox where you can install deb-packaged X11-based Ubuntu applications have them run under Unity 8.,

Lock screen

When Ubuntu Touch is turned on no lock screen immediately appears, as applications will prompt the user to unlock if necessary when they are opened. The centre of the "Welcome Screen" is a visualisation of activity on the device. It shows the user's status and recent events on the welcome screen, completed with a design around the circle which reflects activity on the phone over the preceding month.WEB,weblink Features, Canonical, ubuntu.com, 9 June 2015, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130325055059weblink">weblink 25 March 2013, dmy-all,

Included applications

File:Nexus-5-Ubuntu-Touch-small.png|thumb|A Nexus 5Nexus 5Ubuntu Touch includes as core applications social media and media applications (e.g. Facebook, YouTube, and an RSS reader). Standard applications such as a calculator, an e-mail client, an alarm clock, a file manager, and even a terminal are to be included as well. Twelve or more core applications are currently being developed.WEB, Ribeiro, Goncalo, First Ubuntu Phone OS Powered Devices Will Hit Shelves This October,weblink Redmond Pie, 11 February 2013, Several Ubuntu Touch applications work on the desktop, including the Browser, Calendar, Clocks, Gallery, Notes, Reminders, Terminal, and Weather.NEWS,weblink Ubuntu Touch Apps Available in Ubuntu 13.10, Sneddon, Joey, OMG Ubuntu,

Side stage

Side Stage allows to run both "tablet apps" and "phone apps" side by side, resizing each on the top as and when you need to see more of them."Ubuntu unveils tablet experience with multi-tasking {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130424025700weblink |date=24 April 2013 }}" (press release). 19 February 2013. Accessed 27 February 2013.Jon Brodkin. "Shuttleworth: Ubuntu tablets won't be as "jarring" to users as Windows 8". Ars Technica, 19 February 2013. Accessed 27 February 2013. It aims to "go even further" with the idea of multitasking, allowing screen space to be divided in this manner. Examples shown in the announcement video included a notes app being used alongside a web browser, and a user swiping from the right edge to bring a mobile version of the Facebook app into view over a playing video.

Design

Users can access the whole system by swiping from the edges of the screen. A short swipe from the left edge allows for instant access to applications pinned to the launcher, while swiping all the way across reveals the home scope, which can be set by the user. This menu is available from the home screen and any running app.WEB,weblink UI model {{!, Ubuntu Design |publisher=Ubuntu Design |date= |accessdate=10 April 2013}}Ubuntu Touch's multitasking is accessed by swiping the finger from the right edge of the screen to the left, which switches to the previous application (short swipe) or shows all open apps (long swipe). Swiping up from the bottom is used to show or hide tools specific to the app being used, which gives Ubuntu Phone the ability to run applications with a large, uncluttered canvas by default.WEB,weblink 'Content views {{!, Ubuntu Design' |publisher=Ubuntu Design |date= |accessdate=10 April 2013}}

Target market

Mark Shuttleworth, the founder of the company Canonical Ltd., believes that Ubuntu for phones will first find a niche in countries where Ubuntu is well known; more specifically, developing markets such as India and China where computers have Ubuntu pre-installed. However, the success of Ubuntu Phone in these markets is difficult to predict.WEB, Simonite, Tom, Ubuntu Smartphone Aims for Success in Developing Economies,weblink MIT Technology Review, 11 February 2013, Despite Ubuntu's popularity among open source developers, penetrating the legacy-bound business market will continue to be somewhat challenging for Ubuntu. Companies employing the "bring your own device" (BYOD) method have already adapted to using Android and iOS devices and the benefits posed by Ubuntu may not be adequately considered.WEB, Hickins, Michael, Ubuntu Smartphone Shipping in October,weblink The Wall Street Journal, 11 February 2013,

Requirements

Hardware

Ubuntu Touch requires that a system's CPU support certain hardware features.{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; margin: auto;"weblink|archivedate=26 March 2013|df=dmy-all}}! Criteria! Mid to high end devices! Processor architecture| ARM Cortex-A7! Memory| 1 GB! Flash storage| 8 GB eMMC! Multi-touch| {{Yes}}{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; margin: auto;"weblink|archivedate=27 March 2013|df=dmy-all}}!! Entry level consumer Ubuntu tablet! High-end Ubuntu enterprise tablet! Processor architectureMulti-core processor>Dual-core ARM Cortex-A15x86>Intel x86! Memory| 2 GB preferred| 4 GB preferred! Flash storage| 8 GB minimum| 8 GB minimum! Screen size| 7–10-inch| 10–12-inch! Multi-touch| 4 fingers| 4–10 fingers! Full desktop convergence| {{No}}| {{Yes}}

Software

Secondly, Ubuntu touch can be installed on a number of phones that originally appeared with Android.ubuntu.com: Devices , retrieved January 28, 2018 It is necessary for these devices to offer an open source tree, so that the drivers can be recompiled for the new OS.ubuntu.com: Porting to a new device, retrieved January 28, 2018

Reception

Adrian Covert, writing for CNN on {{dts|format=dmy|2013|1|2}}, predicted that the operating system will not gain wide use, stating, "carving out a niche in the seemingly unshakable mobile space—ruled by the Android-and-Apple duopoly—still requires a critical mass of users and a lively ecosystem of app developers. Realistically speaking, the chances of this even upstaging Windows Phone or BlackBerry 10 are slim. At best, Ubuntu seems like a sandbox for the most enthusiastic early adopters and a cheap enterprise solution for companies on a tight budget."NEWS,weblink The Ubuntu smartphone (which no one will use) is a glimpse of the future, 7 January 2013, Covert, Adrian, 2 January 2013, CNN, Joey Sneddon of OMG! Ubuntu disagreed with Covert's assessment, writing, "commentators like Covert are missing the point. See, Ubuntu Phones aren't really going to claw much market share away from Apple or Google. And this neat 'dock your phone and use it as a desktop' feature, whilst innovative, won't be the main lure for many […]. During his keynote address earlier this week, Mark Shuttleworth continually referred to 'emerging' markets as the battleground on which an Ubuntu Phone would fight it out for impact […]. It's this sector, the low-end, that the battle for the hearts, minds and hands of the less tech-savvy will take place."NEWS,weblink CNN Predict Ubuntu Phone 'Won't Make Inroads', 7 January 2013, Sneddon, Joey, 4 January 2013, OMG! Ubuntu!, Rich Trenholm writing for CNET on {{dts|format=dmy|2013|2|27}}, "[…] But on first impression I'm hugely taken with Ubuntu Touch. It's elegant, thoughtful, and versatile, while remaining beautifully straightforward. […] it's by far the strongest potential rival to Android, iOS, and Windows Phone. In fact, I prefer it to iOS, which long ago lost its shine, and heck, maybe even to Android, too. Fingers crossed that manufacturers and phone carriers get behind it, because I'd happily lay down my own cash for an Ubuntu Touch phone."NEWS,weblink Ubuntu Touch - Operating systems - CNET Reviews, 3 April 2013, 27 February 2013, CNET, Jason Jenkins, writing for CNET on {{dts|format=dmy|2013|2|27}}, MWC Awards 2013, "[…] Lots was said about the impressive number of carriers and manufacturers Firefox OS has lined up behind it. But once put to a vote, Ubuntu Touch was the clear winner, with Firefox OS the runner-up. The team thought that Ubuntu Touch, the tablet version of which we got our hands-on for the first time at MWC, feels more like the complete package at this point. […]"HTTP://REVIEWS.CNET.COM/8301-13970_7-57571750-78/UBUNTU-TOUCH-BEATS-FIREFOX-OS-TO-WIN-BEST-OF-MWC-FROM-CNET/>TITLE = UBUNTU TOUCH BEATS FIREFOX OS TO WIN BEST OF MWC FROM CNET MOBILE WORLD CONGRESS - CNET REVIEWSDATE = 28 FEBRUARY 2013, CNET, Jesse Smith from DistroWatch Weekly reviewed the Ubuntu Phone in Meizu Pro 5 lauding the price, interface, responsiveness and frequency of updates, calling it a "pleasant phone and communications experience" and distinguished it as a user-oriented device as opposed to Android's application-oriented nature and noted that it would be more likely to appeal to those interested in technology—Linux fans in particular—but was too new to appeal to the public at large. This was due, in part, to the limited selection of phone apps, partially due to the small size of the market, but stated that LibreOffice and GIMP were available. It took him a while to understand what differentiated scopes from applications. He also noted that the platform was free of advertisements.MAGAZINE,weblink Ubuntu Phone - The Meizu Pro 5, Jesse, Smith, DistroWatch, 28 June 2018, 1 August 2016, 672,

Commercially available devices

In February 2015, the BQ Aquaris E4.5 Ubuntu Edition became the first smartphone with Ubuntu Touch preinstalled.NEWS
, Robin, Sinha, Canonical Launches First Ubuntu Phone With Spain's BQ
, NDTV, gadgets.ndtv.com, 9 February 2015,weblink
, 20 April 2015
,
It was sold in the European Union only.
WEB
, bq - Aquaris E4.5 Ubuntu Edition. Life at your fingertips.
, Mundo Reader,weblink
, 20 April 2015, {{Self-published source|date=April 2015}}
In May 2015, the Meizu MX4 Ubuntu Edition went on sale in China, becoming the second Ubuntu phone.WEB
, Debbie, Turner
, Meizu MX4 variant will be second Ubuntu phone, 26 February 2015
,weblink
, 29 April 2015,
On 9 June 2015, BQ launched another smartphone running Ubuntu Touch, the Aquaris E5 Ubuntu Edition.WEB
, Joey-Elijah
, Sneddon
, Brand New Ubuntu Phone Goes on Sale Priced at €199
, OMG! Ubuntu!
,weblink
, 9 June 2015
, On 5 February 2016, BQ announced the first commercial Ubuntu Touch tablet, the Aquaris M10 Ubuntu Edition, which was released in April 2016.WEB
, Alin
, Andrei
, Aquaris M10 Ubuntu Edition Tablet Available To Pre-Order on Monday
, Web Upd8
,weblink
, 27 March 2016
, In April 2016, Meizu released the Meizu PRO 5 Ubuntu Edition premium smartphone.WEB
, Meizu pro 5 Ubuntu edition buy
, OMG! Ubuntu!
, 26 April 2016
,weblink
, 26 April 2016
, BQ was also working on the first Ubuntu Phone with 'Convergence', with a launch date that was planned for 2015 and then 2016.WEB
, Silviu
, Stahie
, BQ Ubuntu "Convergent" Phone Launch Slips into 2016
, Softpedia
, 29 September 2015
,weblink
, 7 October 2015
,

See also

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{commons category|Ubuntu Touch}}
  • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130523171347weblink">Old official website at Canonical
  • {{Official websiteweblink}} on UBPorts
{{Mobile operating systems}}{{Ubuntu}}{{Linux}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
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- time: 6:56am EST - Sat, Feb 16 2019
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